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Encyclopedia > Christianity and Freemasonry

This article incorporates text from the public-domain Catholic Encyclopedia of 1913. Image File history File links Unbalanced_scales. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ...

Part of a series of articles on
Freemasonry
Freemason

Core Articles
Freemasonry · Grand Lodge · Masonic Lodge · Masonic Lodge Officers · Prince Hall Freemasonry · Regular Masonic jurisdictions
“Freemasons” redirects here. ... Image File history File links Square_compasses. ... “Freemasons” redirects here. ... A Grand Lodge, or Grand Orient, is the usual governing body of Craft, or Blue Lodge, Freemasonry in a particular jurisdiction. ... In most areas of the world Masons gather together in Masonic Lodges to work the three degrees of Freemasonry: 1° = Entered Apprentice 2° = Fellow Craft 3° = Master Mason Blue Lodge is used to specify the basic Masonic Lodge granting the first three degrees and to differentiate it from other Masonic... This article relates to mainstream Craft Freemasonry, sometimes known in America as Blue Lodge Freemasonry. Every Masonic Lodge appoints Masonic Lodge Officers to execute the necessary functions of the lodges life and work. ... Prince Hall Freemasonry derives from historical events which led to a tradition of separate, predominantly African-American, Freemasonic fraternal organization in North America. ... This article deals with organization in Craft or Blue Lodge Freemasonry. ...


History
History of Freemasonry · Liberté chérie · Masonic manuscripts
The History of Freemasonry studies the development, evolution and events of the fraternal organization known as Freemasonry. ... Memorial of the KZ Esterwegen close-up Liberté chérie was the only known Masonic Lodge to be founded in a Nazi concentration camp during the Second World War. ... This box:      There are a number of manuscripts that are historically important in the development of Freemasonry. ...

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Christianity and Freemasonry have had a mixed relationship, with various Christian denominations banning or discouraging members from being Freemasons. Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is... “Freemasons” redirects here. ...

Contents

Allegations of Deism

One of the persistent Christian criticisms of Freemasonry is that it advocates a deist or naturalist view of creation. Whilst it is recognised that Masonry is not atheistic (Masons are asked if they believe in God before joining),[1] its references to the "Supreme Architect of the Universe" are seen by some Christians as contending that God created the Universe but did not intervene in the world after this.[2] This was a common heresy that arose in the Enlightenment.[3] Freemasons - especially Christian Freemasons - deny this claim. Deism is belief in a God or first cause based on reason, rather than on faith or revelation, and thus a form of theism in opposition to fideism. ... Naturalism is any of several philosophical stances, typically those descended from materialism and pragmatism, that do not distinguish the supernatural (including strange entities like non-natural values, and universals as they are commonly conceived) from nature. ... Great Architect of the Universe (GAOTU) is a term used within Freemasonry to denominate the Supreme Being which each member individually holds an adherence to. ... Look up Heresy in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Enlightenment (French: ; German: ) was an eighteenth-century movement in European and American philosophy, or the longer period including the Age of Reason. ...


A specific charge made in the 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia[4] against Freemasonry is that the introduction of speculative Masonry in the early eighteenth century specifically aimed at "dechristianising" the old operative masonry lodges. However, this charge was dropped from subsequent editions. Whereas the constitutions of previous lodges of operative Masonry stated that "The first charge is this that you be true to God and Holy Church and use no error or heresy"[5] in 1723 the constitution of the Grand Lodge of England:[6]

A Mason is obliged by his Tenure, to obey the moral law; and if he rightly understands the Art, he will never be a stupid Atheist nor an irreligious Libertine. But though in ancient Times Masons were charged in every Country to be of the Religion of that Country or Nation, whatever it was, yet 'tis now thought more expedient only to oblige them to that Religion in which all Men agree, leaving their particular Opinions to themselves; that is, to be good Men and true, or Men of Honour and Honesty, by whatever Denominations or Persuasions they may be distinguished; whereby Masonry becomes the Centre of Union, and the Means of conciliating true Friendship among Persons that must have remained at a perpetual Distance.

This change is seen as moving towards a Deist view.[2]


Clash with the Catholic Church

The most persistent critic[7] of Freemasonry has been the Catholic Church. Since the early 18th century, the Vatican has issued several papal bulls, banning membership of Catholics from Freemasonry under threat of excommunication - a penalty that still applies for all Catholics active in Freemasonry. This article is 82 kilobytes or more in size. ...


The Church argues that Freemasonry's philosophy discourages Christian dogmatism and that it is at many times and places anti-clerical in intent.[8] The 1913 edition of the Catholic Encyclopedia argued that some of the ceremonial is anti-Catholic.[9] However this claim does not appear in subsequent editions.


Non-Catholic discouragement of Freemasonry

A number of Protestant denominations discourage their congregants from joining Masonic lodges, although this differs in intensity according to the denomination. Churches that, in some form or other, discourage membership of Freemasons include:

The Church of Scotland does not ban congregants from becoming Freemasons, but in 1989 the general assembly said there were "very real theological difficulties" with Church of Scotland members being Freemasons.[31] The Evangelical Lutheran Synod or ELS is a US-based Protestant Christian denomination based in Mankato, Minnesota. ... The Church of the Nazarene, more commonly called the Nazarene Church, is an Christian evangelical denomination. ... The Wesleyan Church in America (formerly Wesleyan Methodist) was officially formed in 1843 at an organizing conference in Utica, New York, as a group of ministers and laymen splitting from the Methodist Episcopal Church, primarily over the issue of slavery, though they had secondary issues as well. ... The Mennonites are a group of Christian Anabaptist denominations based on the teachings and tradition of Menno Simons. ... The Lutheran Church in America (LCA) was a U.S. Lutheran church body that existed from 1962 to 1987. ... The Christian Reformed Church in North America (CRCNA or CRC) is a Protestant Christian denomination which follows Reformed Calvinist theology. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      The Church of the Brethren is... For other uses, see Assemblies of God (disambiguation). ... The Religious Society of Friends, commonly known as Quakers, or Friends, is a religious community founded in England in the 17th century. ... The Church of the United Brethren in Christ is an evangelical Christian denomination based in Huntington, Indiana. ... The Free Methodist Church is a denomination of Methodism, which is a branch of Protestantism. ... The Seventh-day Adventist Church (SDA), colloquially referred to as the Adventists, is an evangelical Protestant Christian denomination that grew out of the prophetic Millerite movement in the United States during the middle part of the 19th century. ... Shield of The Salvation Army The Salvation Army is a non-military evangelical Christian organisation. ... The Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia (Russian: , ), also called the Russian Orthodox Church Abroad, ROCA, or ROCOR) is a semi-autonomous part of the Russian Orthodox Church. ... The Orthodox Church in America (OCA) is an autocephalous Eastern Orthodox Church in North America. ... The Romanian Orthodox Church (Biserica Ortodoxă Română in Romanian) is one of the autocephalous Eastern Orthodox churches. ... Along with Westminster Theological Seminary, the Orthodox Presbyterian Church (OPC) was founded by conservative Presbyterians who revolted against the modernist theology within the Presbyterian Church in the United States of America (PCUSA) during the 1930s. ... The Reformed Presbyterian Church General Assembly is a conservative Presbyterian denomination in the United States. ... The contemporary Free Church of Scotland is that part of the original Free Church of Scotland that remained outside of the union with the United Presbyterian Church of Scotland in 1900. ... Baptist Union of Great Britain - the oldest and largest national association of Baptist churches in Great Britain. ... The Presbyterian Church in America (PCA) is a Protestant denomination, the second largest Presbyterian church body in the United States after the Presbyterian Church (USA). ... The Church of Scotland (CofS; Scottish Gaelic: ), known informally by its pre-Union Scots name, The Kirk, is the national church of Scotland. ...


The 1985 Methodist Conference in England said that Freemasonry competed with Christian beliefs,[32] asking that Methodist Freemasons reconsider their membership and that Masonic meetings be banned from Methodist premises. It did not, however, call for a ban on membership.[33] The Methodist movement is a group of denominations of Protestant Christianity. ...


Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints has a longstanding policy of maintaining no official position on Freemasonry. However, some people see links between the two movements which go back to the church's origins. // Freemasonry and the Book of Mormon In 1830, at the time Joseph Smith, Jr. ... For other uses, see Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (disambiguation). ...


It can be said the early Mormon Church and Freemasonry had an amicable relationship. While the impact of Freemasonry in Mormon Church doctrine is the subject of intense debate, it is known that the family of the church's founder and first president, Joseph Smith, Jr., was active in Freemasonry as early as 1816. When the Mormon Church was headquartered in Nauvoo, Illinois, Smith and several of his followers – including his first four successors as church president – became Freemasons. Many features of the church's temple endowment ceremony as established by Smith in Nauvoo parallel rituals and ceremonies practiced in Freemasonry. When the church relocated to Utah in the 1840s after Smith's death, there was even talk of forming a "Mormon Grand Lodge." However, this notion was ultimately rejected by church President Brigham Young. Joseph Smith, Jr. ... 1816 was a leap year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... There is also a Nauvoo, Alabama, and a Nauvoo, Pennsylvania Nauvoo (נָאווּ to be beautiful, Sephardi Hebrew NÃ¥vu, Tiberian Hebrew Nâwû) is a city in Hancock County, Illinois, United States. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Largest metro area Chicago Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (149,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... // First use of general anesthesia in an operation, by Crawford Long The first electrical telegraph sent by Samuel Morse on May 24, 1844 from Baltimore to Washington, D.C.. First signing of the Treaty of Waitangi (Te Tiriti o Waitangi) on February 6, 1840 at Waitangi, Northland New Zealand. ... See also, Brigham Young University Brigham Young (June 1, 1801 – August 29, 1877) was a leader in the Latter Day Saint movement. ...


However, many non-Mormon Freemasons harbored strong anti-Mormon sentiments. Soon after Smith and his followers were initiated, the Grand Lodge of Illinois was compelled to revoke the charters of several predominantly Mormon Lodges. In 1872 the Grand Lodge of Utah was formed as an openly anti-Mormon organization. Over time the hostility increased, ultimately leading to the Grand Lodge of Utah banning Mormons from joining its constituent Lodges altogether. While the church never banned Freemasons from its ranks, it did at one time prohibit Freemasons from holding leadership positions in the church priesthood. An anti-Mormon political cartoon from the late nineteenth century. ... Year 1872 (MDCCCLXXII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


In 1984 the Grand Lodge of Utah and church leadership under President Spencer W. Kimball mutually agreed to drop their antagonistic positions against each another. While some suspicion remains on both sides, today there is no formal barrier preventing a male Mormon from becoming a Freemason or vice versa.[34][35] This article is about the year. ... Spencer Woolley Kimball (March 28, 1895 – November 5, 1985) was the twelfth President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (1973-1985). ...


Separation of Church and State

Freemasons are consistent advocates of the Freedom of Religion, as found in the First Amendment[36] of the US Constitution. The idea that the establishment clause means a strict separation of church and state is seen, especially by the Roman Catholic church, as a veiled attack on its place in public life.[37] The Roman Catholic Church also saw in the advocacy of a strict separation of the state from the church as manifesting a "Religious Indifferentism" which did not accept any religion as true or revealed.[38] Some specific areas which Freemasons were accused of aiming for a democratic separation of church and state were: Page I of the Constitution of the United States of America Page II of the United States Constitution Page III of the United States Constitution Page IV of the United States Constitution The Constitution of the United States is the supreme law of the United States of America and is...

Marriage is a relationship that plays a key role in the definition of many people who (usually) are in a sexual relationship. ...

Allegations that Freemasonry is a new religion

Freemasonry explicitly and openly states that it is not a religion, nor a substitute for religion.[41] There is no separate "Masonic" God.[42] Nor is there a separate proper name for a deity in any branch of Freemasonry.[43][44] There is no general interpretation for any of the symbols.[45]In keeping with the geometrical and architectural theme of Freemasonry, the Supreme Being is referred to in Masonic ritual by the attributes of Great Architect of the Universe (G.A.O.T.U.), Grand Geometer or similar. Freemasons use these variety of forms of address to God to make clear that the reference is generic, not about any one religion's particular God or God-like concept.


Nevertheless, Freemasonry is seen as encouraging of religious indifferentism,[46] it is said to show many characteristics of a separate religion: Religious Indifferentism is a term given to the theories which deny that it is the duty of man to worship God by believing and practicing any one religion. ...

  • Freemasonry has an altar[47] upon which will be found a sacred book (Sometimes referred to as the "Volume of the Sacred Law", in most cases this will be the Judeo-Christian Bible, but other sacred books are specified in non-Christian countries. Some lodges will place multiple religious texts upon the altar to reflect the multi-religious make up of their membership.)[48]
  • There are regular ritualistic meetings
  • In a Chapter of the Royal Arch (part of the York Rite, an appendant body of Freemasonry, the presiding officer is called "High Priest" (or in the case of the various supervising Grand Chapters: "Grand High Priest")[49]
  • Some Scottish Rite jurisdictions have buildings they call Cathedrals[50]
  • It has a large amount of iconography and symbolism
  • Some groups of Masons (especially the Scottish Rite) call their meeting places "temples",[51] (a Lodge is a group of Freemasons operating under a charter or dispensation.[52] The place where they meet is sometimes called a temple, but usually, several lodges use the same temple)[53]
  • Dates are sometimes reckoned in Anno Lucis, "Year of Light" in preference to Anno Domini" or "Year of Our Lord"[54] (To figure the date Anno Lucis, Masons simply add 4,000 years to the Anno Domini year)[55]
  • It uses an obscure name for the Creator - the Great Architect of the Universe,[56] which Masonic historian S. Brent Morris says is no doubt derived from John Calvin's reference to God as "the Architect of the Universe" in his Institutes of Christian Religion.[57]
  • It has its own way of saying "amen" ("So mote it be" or "So may it be", which is claimed to be a literal translation of "Amen")[58]
  • It has rituals which are far more developed than those of many organized religions[59]
  • Any person from any religious background can be a member of the Freemasons as long as they accept the belief in some form of a Creator[60]

In chapter one of his exposé, Masonic Rites and Wrongs, author and Christian apologist, Steven Tsoukalas argued that Freemasonry is undeniably a religion, saying "Freemasonry is not only a religious institution, but a religion."[61] This Gutenberg Bible is displayed by the United States Library. ... The York Rite (also called the American Rite) is one of the two main appendant bodies of United States Freemasonry, which a Master Mason may join to further his knowledge of Freemasonry. ... It has been suggested that Knight Kadosh be merged into this article or section. ... Great Architect of the Universe (GAOTU) is a term used within Freemasonry to denominate the Supreme Being which each member individually holds an adherence to. ... This article is about the Hebrew word. ...


Religious Indifference

Christian critics of Freemasonry allege that it refuses to see one faith as being superior to any others, while at the same time contains religious-type rituals that are said to inculcate an indifference to religion.[62][63] Freemasonic behaviour is seen as a denial of the truth of Christian revelation.[64]


The Masonic author Mackey called Freemasonry "a science which is engaged in the search after the divine truth".[65]


Anderson's Ancient Charges of a Freemason, 1723, says of Freemasons, that it is "expedient only to oblige them to that Religion in which all Men agree, leaving their particular Opinions to themselves".[6] Freemasons understand this to mean that personal beliefs are not to be discussed in the lodge, avoiding argument with those holding different beliefs.[66] It has been suggested that this ban on religious discussion was especially important in Eighteenth Century England[67] where a civil war, in part caused by religious conflict, had only recently ended. For other uses, see English Civil War (disambiguation). ...


Use of Biblical Imagery

The use of Biblical imagery was seen in the 1913 edition of the Catholic Encyclopedia as being done in such a way as to deny the revelation of Christianity.[68] However this complaint was not included in the 1967 edition.


Sons of Noah

Noah is referred to in the Twenty-first Degree - Noachite, or Prussian Knight from the Scottish Rite, an appendant body which requires candidates to be Master Masons. It is suggested that in the early years of speculative Masonry the central legendary figure of many lodges was Noah.[69] This is seen as placing all Freemasonry in a pre-Christian ethic,[68]


Links to Esotericism

Certain types of Freemasonry, most notably the Swedish Rite are said to be connected to Esoteric Christianity,[70] which holds that orthodox Christian doctrine is for the duller masses and that "real" Christianity holds the secret knowledge concerning the sacrifice of Christ on Golgotha.[71] The Swedish Rite is a variation of Freemasonry that is worked in Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Finland and Iceland. ... Esoteric Christianity refers to the occult study and the mystic living of the esoteric knowledge related to what adherents view as the inner teachings of early Christianity, seen as a Mystery religion. ... Esoteric knowledge is knowledge that is secret or not generally known. ... Golgotha redirects here. ...


Influences from pre-Christian Paganism

The Catholic Encyclopedia says that the Masonic authors Clavel, Ragnon, Pike and Mackey claim Masonic symbolism is rooted in the solar and phallic worship of pre-Christian mystery religion, particularly Egyptian religion.[72] It has been suggested that Sun cults be merged into this article or section. ... This article is about the symbol of the erect penis. ... Egyptian goddess Isis Ancient Egyptian religion encompasses the beliefs and rituals of Ancient Egypt. ...


Rosicrucian Influences

Main article: Rosicrucian

Freemasonry has many links to the Rosicrucian movement. The Rosicrucian symbol of the Rose Cross is also found in certain rituals of appendant bodies to Freemasonry which require candidates to be Master Masons.[73] The Temple of the Rose Cross, Teophilus Schweighardt Constantiens, 1618. ... The Temple of the Rose Cross, Teophilus Schweighardt Constantiens, 1618. ...


The Catholic Encyclopedia, claims that Rosicrucians were linked to the Knights Templar.[74] The Poor Fellow-Soldiers of Christ and of the Temple of Solomon (Latin: Pauperes commilitones Christi Templique Solomonici), popularly known as the Knights Templar or the Order of the Temple, were among the most famous of the Christian military orders. ...


Many Anti-Masonic Christian authors have stated that Rosicrucianist Robert Fludd (1574-1637) was a Mason. However there is no evidence supporting this contention. Nor is there any documented evidence to support Arthur Edward Waite's (1857-1942) speculation that Fludd may have introduced a Rosicrucian influence into Freemasonry. Robert Vanloo states that earlier 17th century Rosicrucianism had a considerable influence on "Anglo-Saxon" Masonry. Robert Fludd Robert Fludd, also known as Robertus de Fluctibus (1574, Bearsted, Kent – September 8, 1637, London) was a prominent English Paracelsian physicist, astrologer, and mystic. ... Arthur Edward Waite in the early 1880s Arthur Edward Waite (October 2, 1857 - May 19, 1942) was an occultist and co-creator of the Rider-Waite Tarot deck. ...


A list of groups linked to both Freemasonry and Rosicrucianism, which requires for membership admission to be Christian and Master Mason (see websites), includes: For other uses, see Christian (disambiguation). ... A Master Mason is the designation of a Freemason who has completed the Third Degree in Masonic Lodge (aka Blue Lodge or Craft Masonry). ...

Manly Palmer Hall, a noted occultist and author on Masonic topics, wrote a book called Rosicrucian and Masonic Origins in 1929 (long before he ever became a Mason)[75] and the Rosicrucian author Max Heindel wrote a book in the 1910s,[76] both of which portray Catholicism and Freemasonry as being two distinct streams in the development of Christianity. Societas Rosicruciana in Anglia is a Masonic Christian order whose members are drawn from the ranks of subscribing Master Masons of a Grand Lodge in amity with United Grand Lodge of England. ... Manly Palmer Hall Manly Palmer Hall (March 18, 1901 - August 29, 1990) was a prolific American author and mystic. ... Max Heindel (1865-1919) Max Heindel - born Carl Louis von Grasshoff in Aarhus, Denmark on July 23, 1865 - was a Christian occultist, astrologer, and mystic. ...


Claims that Freemasonry worships Satan

Many Christian critics of Freemasonry, especially some evangelical Christians, claim that Freemasonry is a religion whose purpose is the worship of Satan. This allegation is well represented on Anti-Masonic websites.[77]


This has been confused with denunciations from the Roman Catholic Church, that Freemasons serve "the kingdom of Satan" (Humanum Genus) or that Masonic Lodges are the "synagogue of Satan" (Etsi multa). The Catholic Church does not believe that Masonic ceremonies are consciously Satanic, but rather that the aims of Freemasons - in that they are accused of aiming to weaken the role of the Church in society or the dogmatic exclusiveness of Christian salvation - are by definition acting against the "City of God" and so are acting for God's enemy. In addition, Catholics - and some Protestant groups such as the Methodist church and the synod of the Church of England[78] - have also objected to what they see as Freemasonry's ritual being a parody of Christian ceremony, and it has been alleged that it may include blasphemy. None of these criticisms should be confused with the idea that Freemasons, even higher level Freemasons, consciously worship Satan. “Catholic Church” redirects here. ... Humanum Genus (on Freemasonry) was a papal encyclical promulgated on April 20, 1884 by Pope Leo XIII. // It starts by using the Augustinian concept of the two cities, the City of Man and the City of God. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ...


Below are the some of some of the more common quotes used on the internet to substantiate the claim that Masons worship Satan, and some notes about them:


Levi - Mysteries of Magic

What is more absurd and more impious than to attribute the name of Lucifer to the devil, that is, to personified evil. The intellectual Lucifer is the spirit of intelligence and love; it is the paraclete, it is the Holy Spirit, while the physical Lucifer is the great agent of universal magnetism.[79]


The Masonic Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon[80] states that the book The Mysteries of Magic does not exist. However, on a list of Golden Dawn publications[81] the title does appear - as a digest of Levi's collected writings with "a biographical and critical essay by A.E. Waite" (see below for Waite).


Waite

First Conjuration Addressed to Emperor Lucifer. Emperor Lucifer, Master and Prince of Rebellious Spirits, I adjure thee to leave thine abode, in what-ever quarter of the world it may be situated and come hither to communicate with me. I command and I conjure thee in the Name of the Mighty Living God, Father, Son and Holy Ghost, to appear without noise and without ....[82]


This is also not a quote from a Masonic source. Waite is not identified as a 33rd degree Mason in this book, as shown on the cover,[83] but rather as an individual with an interest in the occult. Here again, there is no Masonic link whatsoever with this material other than a that a future Mason wrote it (the book was written and published in 1898; Waite became a Mason in 1902). Additionally, according to the Masonic research document "The Lie of Luciferianism"[80] Waite was not a 33rd degree Mason; he never joined the Scottish Rite. Arthur Edward Waite in the early 1880s Arthur Edward Waite (October 2, 1857 - May 19, 1942) was an occultist and co-creator of the Rider-Waite Tarot deck. ...


Hall - The Secret Teachings of All Ages

I hereby promise the Great Spirit Lucifer, Prince of Demons, that each year I will bring unto him a human soul to do with as it may please him, and in return Lucifer promises to bestow upon me the treasures of the earth and fulfil my every desire for the length of my natural life. If I fail to bring him each year the offering specified above, then my own soul shall be forfeit to him. Signed..... {Invocant signs pact with his own blood}[84]


This passage is from the chapter "Ceremonial Magic and Sorcery." Manly Palmer Hall is not discussing Freemasonry at all, but rather summarizing how a magician would invoke a spirit and giving an example of how a demonic pact might read. Hall was also an occultist, and according to one source,[85] was a well-established lecturer on the occult and other esoterica by the age of 20, before he was even eligible to become a Mason. He is not identified as a 33° Mason anywhere in the book, nor is there a record of his reception of the 33°Cited in any readily available source that does not include the above quote. According to the Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon, Hall was initiated into Freemasonry, but not until 1954,[86] when he was 53 years old. The secret Teachings of All Ages was published in 1928,[87] when he was only 27. Manly Palmer Hall Manly Palmer Hall (March 18, 1901 - August 29, 1990) was a prolific American author and mystic. ...


Hall - The Lost Keys of Freemasonry

When The Mason learns that the Key to the warrior on the block is the proper application of the dynamo of living power, he has learned the Mystery of his Craft. The seething energies of Lucifer are in his hands and before he may step onward and upward, he must prove his ability to properly apply this energy.[88]


This quote is a legitimate quote. It appears in Chapter 4 (titled "The Fellowcraft"),[89] but the meaning changes when it is put back into the context of the chapter it comes from: it is part of a larger philosophical discussion which can also be read to imply that the improper use of "energies" can make the Mason a tool of Satan. Furthermore, even taken out of context, this passage does not refer to worshipping Satan per se. As with the previous quote from Secret Teachings of All Ages, the book was written well before Hall became a Mason. In his Introduction to the book Hall clearly states: "At the time I wrote this slender volume, I had just passed my twenty-first birthday, and my only contact with Freemasonry was through a few books commonly available to the public".[80]


Blavatsky - The Secret Doctrine

This is a quote from Helena Petrovna Blavatsky who was the founder of the Theosophical Society and an opponent of what she called "Western Freemasonry".[90] Helena Blavatsky Helena Petrovna Hahn (also Hélène) (July 31, 1831 (O.S.) (August 12, 1831 (N.S.)) - May 8, 1891 London), better known as Helena Blavatsky (Russian: ) or Madame Blavatsky, born Helena von Hahn, was a founder of the Theosophical Society. ... The Theosophical Society was the organization formed to advance the spiritual doctrines and altruistic living known as Theosophy. ...


Blavatsky - Ancient and Accepted Primitive Rite

Lucifer represents..Life..Thought..Progress..Civilization.. Liberty..Independence..Lucifer is the Logos..the Serpent, the Savior.[91]



This is conflating two things: one, the Antient and Accepted Primitive Rite was started by John Yarker in the United States, and had nothing to do with the Grand Orient of France. Blavatsky did receive a certificate from Yarker that was not the result of any initiation.[80] John Yarker (1833 - 1913) John Yarker (17 April 1833 - 20 March 1913) was an English Freemason, author, and occultist. ...


Pike - Legendas

Legendas was a work by the Masonic author Albert Pike. As with most of Pike's other works, Legendas draws on other sources, and the purpose of Legendas is to illustrate the sources of the material in the Scottish Rite degrees. This passage seems to be an expansion on a New Testament passage, reflecting on the balance of good and evil, and thereby speaks more to how good (the archangel Michael) prevents evil (Satan), and is in balance with it, than any other possible interpretation. This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Pike/Taxil - Instructions to the 23 Supreme Councils of the World

Yes, Lucifer is God, and unfortunately Adonay is also God. For the eternal law is that there is no light without shade, no beauty without ugliness, no white without black, for the absolute can only exist as two Gods: darkness being necessary to light to serve as its foil as the pedestal is necessary to the statue, and the brake to the locomotive.[92]


This passage was included in a letter which con artist Leo Taxil claimed was from Pike, and was later demonstrated to be a forgery. See Taxil hoax. Poster advertising the work of Leo Taxil. ...


Conspiracy theories

Matthias Pöhlmann of the Protestant Centre for Religious and Ideological Issues of the Evangelical Church in Germany refers[93] to the political scientist prof. Dr. Armin Pfahl-Traughber[94] that the first Anti-Masonic conspiracy myth was brought up in Germany.[95] According to Pöhlmann, an anonymous written book in 1786 called Enthüllungen des Systems der Weltbürger-Politik (“Disclosure of the System of Cosmopolitan Politics”) was published. Its author was an employee of the Weimar government, Ernst August von Göchhausen (1740–1824).[94] He described a horrorful image of a cosmopolitan conspiracy of Freemasons, Illuminati and Jesuits and predicts unavoidable revolutions to the world.[93] This was three years before the French Revolution and seemed to confirm his prophecies, so the Anti-Masonic conspiracy became a powerful weapon of propaganda.[93] Freemasons were accused to be the driving force of the destruction of the social system and the alliance between Throne and church.[93][96] Supporters of the Anti-Masonic conspiracy theories were especially Christian counterrevolutionaries[93][96] who saw Freemasons behind every force against the social system.[93][96] Their main goal of the defamation campaign against Freemasonry was the expansion of Liberalism and Socialism, religious tolerance and the enlightening rationalism.[93] Until the 19th century this affect dominated the Anti-Masonic publications. Evangelical Church in Germany (German Evangelische Kirche in Deutschland, abbreviated as EKD) is a federation of 23 regional Lutheran, Reformed and United Protestant churches[1]. In fact only one member church (the Protestant Reformed Church) is not restricted to a certain territory. ...


Christian Freemasonry

Some Masonic rites are partially or fully Christian in nature, such as the Knights Templar, or the Scottish Rite as practiced in England There are also the Rectified Scottish Rite and the Swedish Rite, both of which require an affirmation of belief in Christ. This page is about a Masonic organization. ...


Notes and references

  1. ^ "We do ask a man if he believes in God and that is the only religious test." Freemasonry and religion, from the Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon
  2. ^ a b "The nature of the Masonic God is best seen in their favorite title for him: the Supreme Architect. The Masonic God is first of all a deistic God, who is found at the top of the ladder of Masonic wisdom", Jolicoeur and Knowles, pp. 14-15 cited in THE PASTORAL PROBLEM OF MASONIC MEMBERSHIP, sent out as a part of the Letter of April 19, 1985 to U.S. Bishops Concerning Masonry by Cardinal Bernard Law
  3. ^ Deism, in the European Enlightenment Glossary
  4. ^ Masonry (Freemasonry)
  5. ^ Quote from The Builders by Joseph Fort Newton, 1914
  6. ^ a b Article I of The Ancient Charges of a Freemason, James Anderson, 1723
  7. ^ The Catholic Church has continually prohibited members from being Freemasons since In Eminenti Secula in 1739
  8. ^ "French Masonry and above all the Grand Orient of France has displayed the most systematic activity as the dominating political element in the French "Kulturkampf" since 1877." From Masonry (Freemasonry) from the Catholic Encyclopedia
  9. ^ "The Kadosh (thirtieth degree), trampling on the papal tiara and the royal crown, is destined to wreak a just vengeance on these "high criminals" for the murder of Molay [128] and "as the apostle of truth and the rights of man" [129] to deliver mankind "from the bondage of Despotism and the thraldom of spiritual Tyranny"." From the article Masonry (Freemasonry) in the Catholic Encyclopedia
  10. ^ a b c d "Many Protestant and Eastern Orthodox denominations have similar prohibitions for their communicants. In the U.S. the Lutheran Church - Missouri Synod and the Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod, which have a combined membership of 3 million, and all other major Lutheran denominations warn against lodge affiliation, but not all enforce the ban. Among the other antilodge churches are the Church of the Brethren, Assemblies of God, Society of Friends (Quakers), Mennonites, Church of the Nazarene, Jehovah's Witnesses, United Brethren, Wesleyan and Free Methodist churches, and the Seventh-day Adventist Church. General Booth condemned it for the Salvation Army. The National Christian Association was formed in 1874 to coordinate Protestant opposition to secret societies. On a worldwide basis the majority of Christians belong to denominations that absolutely forbid membership in a Masonic lodge or similar secret society. It must be admitted, however, that many of these Protestant condemnations have never been enforced and are dead letters today."Freemasonry – article from New Catholic Encyclopedia © 1967, Volume 6, pages 132 through 139 inclusive,
  11. ^ We also reject participation or membership in religious organizations which have features that are in conflict with the Christian faith, such as the Masonic Lodge and similar organizations." A Concise Doctrinal Statement of the Evangelical Lutheran Synod from the Holy Cross Lutheran Church and School
  12. ^ The "Closer Look" concludes by noting that while many Christians and leaders have been and are Masons, "several points of the lodge's teachings are non-biblical and non-Christian." It also states that "while Freemasonry encourages and supports charitable activities, it contains both multireligious and inclusivistic teachings that are not Christian in its religious instruction." New publication on Freemasonry available from SBC's North American Mission Board, June 9 2000, James Dotson, Baptist Press
  13. ^ For the first time in the history of the SBC, however, the Convention concluded, “many tenets and teachings of Freemasonry are not compatible with Christianity or Southern Baptist doctrine.” A Closer Look at Freemasonry (PDF), North American Mission Board, Southern Baptist Convention quoting Annual of the Southern Baptist Convention, 1993, Nashville: Executive Committee, Southern Baptist Convention, 1993, p. 225
  14. ^ For example, the constitution of the Lutheran Church in America (the LCA) says that "no person, who belongs to any organization which claims to possess in its teachings and ceremonies that which the Lord has given solely to his church, shall be ordained or otherwise received into the ministry." The Truth About Freemasonry, Lloyd Worley, hosted by Grand Prairie Chapter Order of DeMolay
  15. ^ Q. Could someone please explain briefly why Masons are not allowed in the Lutheran Church?
  16. ^ ""The lodge member who desires to become a member of the church must be kindly but firmly shown that membership in the lodge and in the church of Jesus Christ involves a double commitment which our Lord himself does not tolerate. Those in the church who affiliate with the Lodge must be shown the error of their way, and if they refuse to repent must be placed under the censure of the Church." Acts of the Synod, C.R.C.A., 1974, quoted in Freemasonry: What Do Christian Churches Really Think about The Lodge?, hosted by Jubilee Resources International
  17. ^ "The Brethren objected to the oaths required of the mason, and even more to the evidence of heathen beliefs about Jesus Christ incorporated in the higher levels of this secret society. Joining such was forbidden" from Brethren Life
  18. ^ "In consideration of the foregoing, all ministers affiliated with us should refrain from identifying themselves with any of the secret orders which we recognize as essentially of the world, worldly, and we advise any who may have identified themselves with such orders to sever their connections therein (2 Cor 6:17). Furthermore, our ministers are requested to use their good influence among our lay members to dissuade them from such fraternal affiliations (1 Tim 4:12; 2 Tim 2:24-26)." Revised Constitution and Bylaws of the General Council of the Assemblies of God, 47th General Council, Indianapolis, Indiana, August 5-10, 1997, Section 4: Membership in Secret Orders, quoted in the Saints Alive website
  19. ^ "The Quakers will not join secret societies, such as Freemasonry, which specialize in oaths." The Quakers, or Our Neighbors, The Friends by William J. Whalen, 4:Practices, republished by the Friends General Conference
  20. ^ "Therefore, United Brethren members must not be members of any other church, group, or organization which teaches a way of salvation incompatible with the United Brethren Confession of Faith, such as a Masonic lodge or the Order of Oddfellows.", Art. 119 Lodges and Other Heretical Groups, CHAPTER 4 Membership Standards, 2005-2007 Discipline, Church of the United Brethren in Christ, USA
  21. ^ "They found the main body of the church disinterested in their reforms and broke away to form the Free Methodist Church, which survives to this day as a small group which does not permit its members to join any lodge." FOUR FACETS of FRIENDSHIP THE SHORT TALK BULLETIN Short Talk Bulletin - April 1972, by George Helmer, hosted on the Masonic Leadership Center
  22. ^ "She talked of Free Masonry and the impossibility of a man's being a Free Mason and a Seventh-day Adventist at the same time.", Ellen White, the founder of the Seventh Day Adventists, quoted in Chapter Eight, God Revealed Secrets Through Ellen G. White
  23. ^ "Other groups hostile to Lodge membership include many branches of Lutheranism, the Christian Reformed Church, most Pentecostals, the Church of the Nazarene, the Seventh-day Adventists, the Holiness churches, the Quakers, the United Brethren in Christ, the Mennonites, the Free Methodists, the Church of the Brethren, the Assemblies of God, the Wesleyans, the Regular Baptists, the Salvation Army and significant minorities in such mainline churches as the Episcopal." The Pastoral Problem of Masonic Membership, Report For The Bishops' Committee For Pastoral Research And Practices, American (Catholic) Bishops Conference
  24. ^ a b Fr. Alexander Lebedeff, 1996, Orthodox Jurisdictions in America reprinted in Orthodox Christian Information Center"
  25. ^ (Romanian) "Sfântul Sinod: Masoneria, duşman al lui Dumnezeu" ("Holy Synod: Freemasonry, Enemy of God"), Ziua, August 6, 2007.
  26. ^ "membership in the Masonic fraternity is inconsistent with Christianity", Christ or the Lodge? A Report on Freemasonry, Committee on Secret Societies, ninth General Assembly of the Orthodox Presbyterian Church, June 2–5, 1942
  27. ^ "... in the minds of the committee, according to their interpretations of the Scriptures, membership of Freemasonry... is inconsistent with a profession of the Christian faith." Unnamed report, quoted in Freemasonry: What Do Christian Churches Really Think about The Lodge?, hosted by Jubilee Resources International
  28. ^ "However, the clear conclusion we have reached from our enquiry is that there is an inherent incompatibility between Freemasonry and the Christian faith. Also that commitment within the movement is inconsistent with a Christian's commitment to Jesus Christ as Lord." From Baptists and Freemasonry, date and author unknown, published by the Baptist Union of Scotland and endorsed by the Baptist Union of Great Britain and Ireland
  29. ^ "No one shall be received into membership into a PCA church who is a member of a Masonic organisation. Present members of a church in the PCA who are members of a Masonic organisation will be given a period of one year to read the report of the Committee to Study Freemasonry, pray and consider their membership in the Order in light of the clear statement of incompatibility of Freemasonry with Biblical Christianity. After said year, they will be allowed to resign membership or become the subject of formal church discipline." Unnamed report adopted by the General Assembly of PCA, April 15-16, 1988, quoted in Freemasonry: What Do Christian Churches Really Think about The Lodge?, hosted by Jubilee Resources International
  30. ^ "4. Unchristian Fellowship - True fellowship exists only between those who are united by saving faith to the Lord Jesus Christ. Freemasonry, for example, excludes the mediation of Christ and accepts, as brothers, representatives of many non-Christian religions. Scripture, however, clearly teaches that we can have fellowship with one another only because "our fellowship is with the Father and with His Son, Jesus Christ." From The Church and Secret Societies on the church's home page
  31. ^ Many Kirk members still Masons despite earlier call to 'think again' Saturday 15 Feb 2003
  32. ^ "It is clear that Freemasonry may compete strongly with Christianity. There is a great danger that the Christian who becomes a Freemason will find himself compromising his Christian beliefs or his allegiance to Christ, perhaps without realizing what he is doing.", Methodist Conference Faith and Order committee, quoted in the Daily Telegraph 17 June 1985, quoted in turn in The Angelus, August 1985
  33. ^ Hamill, John M. (May 1989). CONTEMPORARY ANTI-FREEMASONRY. Retrieved on 2007-08-16.
  34. ^ The Mormon Church and Freemasonry
  35. ^ An Introduction to Mormonism and Freemasonry
  36. ^ "Amendment I - Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances.From the Constitution of the United States
  37. ^ Pope Leo XIII ETSI NOS (On Conditions in Italy), Item 2
  38. ^ "If the Bloc has been established, this is owing to Freemasonry and to the discipline learned in the lodges. The measures we have now to urge are the separation of Church and State and a law concerning instruction. Let us put our trust in the word of our Bro. Combes" from quoted as footnote 158 in the article Masonry (Freemasonry) in the Catholic Encyclopedia
  39. ^ "the position of the religious authorities as to the education of the young utterly ignored" Pope Leo XIII ETSI NOS (On Conditions in Italy), Item 2
  40. ^ Oscar J. Salinas Mexican Masonry- Politics & Religion
  41. ^ For example, this is stated in exactly these words on the web site of the United Grand Lodge of England
  42. ^ Also from United Grand Lodge of England
  43. ^ United Grand Lodge of England
  44. ^ An article From Masonic Quarterly Magazine[Quotation from source requested on talk page to verify interpretation of source]
  45. ^ another article from Masonic Quarterly Magazine[Quotation from source requested on talk page to verify interpretation of source]
  46. ^ "The peculiar, "unsectarian" (in truth, anti-Catholic and anti-Christian) naturalistic character of Freemasonry, by which theoretically and practically it undermines the Catholic and Christian faith, first in its members and through them in the rest of society, creating religious indifferentism and contempt for orthodoxy and ecclesiastical authority." From Masonry (Freemasonry) in the Catholic Encyclopedia.
  47. ^ http://www.freemasoninformation.com/esoterica/themasonicalter.htm The Masonic Altar] from freemasoninformation.com
  48. ^ "The central piece of furniture in any well governed Masonic Lodge is the Holy Bible or Volume of Sacred Law (VSL)." from phoenixmasonry.org
  49. ^ Grand High Priest
  50. ^ For example in Indianapolis, Dallas and Detroit
  51. ^ The Historic Masonic Temple of Detroit
  52. ^ See for example Charter Ye Olde Lodge of Dumfries
  53. ^ For example ten craft lodges use the Detroit Masonic temple
  54. ^ Anno Lucis et al by Harry Mendoza, 1980, Ars Quatuor Coronatorium
  55. ^ Anno Lucis (the year of light) is based on a chronology that puts the year of creation as 4,004 B.C. and is traditionally derived by adding 4,000 to the year in question., What is the Masonic Calendar? http://www.freemasonry.london.museum/faqs.htm] Library and Museum Charitable Trust of the United Grand Lodge of England. Retrieved on 22 August 2006
  56. ^ The Meaning of "the Great Architect of the Universe"
  57. ^ "This phrase was introduced in Reverend James Anderson's 1723 Constitutions of the Free-Masons, and he no doubt picked ut up from John Calvin's Institutes of Christian Religion. God is referred to as The Architect of the Universe and His creation as Architecture of the Universe no less than ten times. In Calvin's commentary on Psalm 19, God is called the Great Architect or Architect of the Universe. S. Brent Morris, The Complete Idiot's Guide to Freemasonry, Alpha/Penguin Books, ISBN 1-59257-490-4, p.212
  58. ^ SO MOTE IT BE from masonicworld.com
  59. ^ Masonic Rituals for the Blue Lodge from Ephesians 5:11, Inc. This is a debatable point.
  60. ^ "Members can come from any religious background, but they all must profess a belief in God and possess a sincere desire to serve all their fellow creatures." Abe's rule and guide by Charles Brame a member of the Scottish Rite Valley of San Bernardino
  61. ^ Masonic Rites and Wrongs: An Examination of Freemasonry, by Steven Tsoukalas, ISBN 0-87552-457-5
  62. ^ "The March 11, 1985, issue of L'Osservatore Romano carried an article titled "Irreconcilability Between Christian Faith and Freemasonry" as a comment on the Nov. 26, 1983, declaration. In part the Vatican newspaper said a Christian "cannot cultivate relations of two types with God nor express his relation with the Creator through symbolic forms of two types." Quoted in the THE PASTORAL PROBLEM OF MASONIC MEMBERSHIP in the Letter of April 19, 1985 to U.S. Bishops Concerning Masonry by Cardinal Bernard Law
  63. ^ "The truth of the matter is, Freemasonry espouses universalism, embraces religious pluralism and has effectively created a unique syncretistic religion." Order of Former Freemasons
  64. ^ "No one can come to the Father except through me" (John 14:6)
  65. ^ Mackey, Symbolism of Freemasonry, 1869, 303, Cited in the article Masonry (Freemasonry) from the Catholic Encyclopedia
  66. ^ S. Brent Morris, The Complete Idiot's Guide to Freemasonry, Alpha/Penguin Books, ISBN 1-59257-490-4, p. 202-203
  67. ^ S. Brent Morris, The Complete Idiot's Guide to Freemasonry, Alpha/Penguin Books, ISBN 1-59257-490-4, p. 203
  68. ^ a b "In the text of 1738 particular stress is laid on "freedom of conscience" and the universal, non-Christian character of Masonry is emphasized. The Mason is called a "true Noahida", i.e. an adherent of the pre-Christian and pre-Mosaic system of undivided mankind." From Masonry (Freemasonry) in the Catholic Encyclopedia
  69. ^ "Although it is less discussed in Freemasonry today, in the 1700s and early 1800s there was a strong Masonic tradition which placed Noah as one of the Craft's major patrons involved with the preservation of the knowledge of antediluvian arts and sciences during the Flood and its transmittal to the generations which followed. Some systems went so far as to make Noah the central legendary figure rather than Hiram." from Twenty-first Degree - Noachite, or Prussian Knight from the Scottish Rite Journal
  70. ^ "In the Swedish system, practised by the German Country Grand Lodge, Christ is said to have taught besides the exoteric Christian doctrine, destined for the people and the duller mass of his disciples, an esoteric doctrine for his chosen disciples, such as St. John, in which He denied that He was God." Findel, "Die Schule der Hierarchie, etc.", 1870, 15 sqq.; Schiffmann, "Die Entstehung der Rittergrade", 1882, 85, 92, 95 sq. Cited in Masonry (Freemasonry), from the Catholic Encyclopedia
  71. ^ Steiner, Rudolf, Exoteric and Esoteric Christianity [Das Sonnenmysterium von Tod und Auferstehung], 1922
  72. ^ footnotes 113 and 114 in Masonry (Freemasonry) in the Catholic Encyclopedia
  73. ^ For example the name of the Scottish Rite degree Knight Rose Croix.Knight Rose Croix
  74. ^ "Soon after 1750, however, as occult sciences were ascribed to the Templars, their system was readily adaptable to all kinds of Rosicrucian purposes and to such practices as alchemy, magic, cabbala, spiritism, and necromancy." From Freemasonry (Masonry) in the Catholic Encyclopedia
  75. ^ Hall, Manly Palmer, Rosicrucian and Masonic Origins, 1929
  76. ^ Heindel, Max, Freemasonry and Catholicism, 1910s
  77. ^ The search satan worship masons showed 64,200 pages when searched on 4 March 2006
  78. ^ John Hamill, Grand Librarian and Curator of the United Grand Lodge of England, Contemporary Anti-Freemasonry
  79. ^ Eliphas Levi The Mysteries of Magic page 428 - as cited in John-Lee Ministries
  80. ^ a b c d The lie of luciferianism, retrieved 11 January 2006
  81. ^ The Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn, retrieved 11 January 2006
  82. ^ Arthur Edward Waite 33° The Book Of Black Magic, page 244 - cited by Cephas Ministry
  83. ^ The cover of A E Waite's book, retrieved 11 January 2006
  84. ^ Manley Palmer Hall 33° The Secret Teachings of All Ages, Page CIV - cited by Choosing Truth Ministries
  85. ^ The Secret Teachings of All Ages, retrieved 11 January 2006
  86. ^ Manly Palmer Hall, retrieved 11 January 2006
  87. ^ 'The Secret Teachings of All Ages', by Manly P. Hall,retrieved 11 January 2006
  88. ^ Manley Palmer Hall 33° The Lost Keys Of Freemasonry, Page 48 - cited by the http://www.plymouthbrethren.com/success.htm Plymouth Brethren]
  89. ^ 'The Lost Keys of Freemasonry', chapter IV, by Manly P. Hall, retrieved 11 January 2006
  90. ^ Helena Petrovna Blavatsky retrieved 11 January 2006
  91. ^ 'Helena Petrovna Blavatsky 32°; Ancient and Accepted Primitive Rite; Grand Orient of France; pages 171, 225, 255 (Volume II) - cited by John-Lee Ministries
  92. ^ 'Albert Pike 33° Instructions to the 23 Supreme Councils of the world Supposedly issued July 14, 1889; A. C. De La Rive in La Femme et l'Enfant dans la Franc-Maconnerie Universelle (page 588) - cited by Learnthebible.org
  93. ^ a b c d e f g Matthias Pöhlmann: Verschwiegene Männer, Protestant Centre for Religious and Ideological Issues of the Evangelical Church in Germany
  94. ^ a b prof. Dr. Pfahl-Traughber: Der antisemitisch-antifreimaurerische Verschwörungsmythos
  95. ^ Matthias Pöhlmann referring to Dr. Armin Pfahl-Traughber:<ref></ref> „Der Freimaurer-Verschwörungsmythos wurde in Deutschland aufgebracht.“
  96. ^ a b c Dr. Johannes Rogalla von Biberstein, historian and librarian of the University of Bielefeld: Die These von der Verschwörung 1776–1945. Philosophen, Freimaurer, Juden, Liberale und Sozialisten gegen die Sozialordnung, Flensburg 1992

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See also

Anti-Masonry (alternatively called Anti-Freemasonry) is defined as Avowed opposition to Freemasonry.[1] However, there is no homogeneous anti-Masonic movement. ... This article is 82 kilobytes or more in size. ...

External links

  • Freemasonry: Midwife to an Occult Empire Anti-Masonic study detailing the occult nature of Freemasonry
  • Freemasonry & Christianity
  • The Real Secret of Freemasonry a website that presents a Christian Pro-Masonic viewpoint.
  • Freemasonry and the occult by a conservative religious group accusing Masons of witchcraft
  • Masonry Chick tract accusing Masons of Satanism (images, ~561Kb)
  • Saints Alive In Jesus Freemasonry Resource Files
  • Ephesians 5:11 Anti-Masonry organisation

 
 

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