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Encyclopedia > Christiana Hundred

Christiana Hundred is the name of an unincorporated subdivision of New Castle County, Delaware. Hundreds were once used as a basis for representation in the Delaware General Assembly, and while their names still appear on all real estate transactions, they presently have no meaningful use or purpose except as a geographical point of reference. New Castle County is the northern-most county of the three counties in the state of Delaware. ... Official language(s) None Capital Dover Largest city Wilmington Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 49th 6,452 km² 48 km 161 km 21. ... The word hundred can mean: The word form of the number 100 Hundred (division) Hundred (word) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...

Contents


Boundaries and Formation

Christiana Hundred is that portion of New Castle County that lies north of the Christiana River and White Clay Creek, west of the Brandywine Creek and east of the Red Clay Creek, excepting that portion in the southeast included in Wilmington Hundred. Its northern boundary follows a portion of the 12 mile arc drawn around the town of New Castle. It was one of the original hundreds in Delaware created in 1682 and was named for the Christiana River that flows along its southern boundary. When created it included the some of the area now in Mill Creek Hundred, White Clay Hundred, and Pencader Hundred, all of which were split off in 1710. It also included much of the area now in the Wilmington Hundred, which was split off 1833. The Christina River (formerly the Christiana River) is a tributary of the Delaware River, approximately 35 mi (56 km) long, in the U.S. states of Pennsylvania, Maryland, and Delaware. ... White Clay Creek is a tributary of the Christina River, approximately 25 mi (40 km) long, in southeastern Pennsylvania and northern Delaware in the United States. ... Brandywine Creek (also called the Brandywine River) is a tributary of the Christina River, approximately 20 mi (32 km) long, in southeastern Pennsylvania and northern Delaware in the United States. ... Red Clay Creek is a tributary of White Clay Creek, approximately 15 mi (24 km) long, in southeastern Pennsylvania and northern Delaware in the United States. ... New Castle is a city located in New Castle County, Delaware, six miles (10 km) south of Wilmington, situated on the Delaware River, at the head of Delaware Bay. ...


Development

While the northern half of the hundred remains the wooded and semi-rural “Chateaux country” of country estates and expensive developments, the southern half is completely urban and suburban with almost continuous industrial, commercial and residential development. The southeastern portion was built out early in the twentieth century with the remainder in the decades following World War II. The towns of Elsmere and Newport, the Brookside and Greenville Census Designated Places (CDP), and the community of Centerville are in Christiana Hundred. Combatants Allied Powers Axis Powers Commanders {{{commander1}}} {{{commander2}}} Strength {{{strength1}}} {{{strength2}}} Casualties 17 million military deaths 7 million military deaths World War II, also known as the Second World War (sometimes WW2 or WWII), was a mid-20th century conflict that engulfed much of the globe and is accepted as... Elsmere is a town located in New Castle County, Delaware. ... Newport is a town located in New Castle County, Delaware. ... Brookside is an unincorporated community and census-designated place located in New Castle County, Delaware. ... Greenville is a census-designated place located in New Castle County, Delaware. ...


Geography

Important geographical features, in addition to the Christiana River, White Clay Creek, Red Clay Creek, and Brandywine Creek, include the Hoopes Reservoir. It is mostly in the piedmont region, but the southern portion is below the eastern fall line and on the coastal plain. The fall line has meanings in both geographical features and the sport of alpine skiing. ... In geography, a coastal plain is an area of flat, low-lying land adjacent to a seacoast and separated from the interior by other features. ...


Transportation

Important roads include portions of Interstate Route 95, Centre Road (DE Route 141), Kennett Pike (DE Route 52), Montchanin Road (DE Route 100), Lancaster Pike (DE Route 48), the Kirkwood Highway (DE Route 2), and the old main highway between Wilmington and Baltimore, now Maryland Avenue and its extension, Newport-Stanton Pike. A portion of the Philadelphia, Wilmington and Baltimore Railroad, subsequently the main north-south line of the Pennsylvania Railroad, now Amtrak, crosses through Newport, and a portion of the old Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, now CSX Transportation crosses through Elsmere. The Brandywine Valley Railroad runs from Elsmere generally along Montchanin Road and the Wilmington and Western Railroad runs along Red Clay Creek. The Philadelphia, Wilmington and Baltimore Railroad was the Pennsylvania Railroads main line from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania southwest to Baltimore, Maryland. ... 1911 map The Pennsylvania Railroad (AAR reporting mark PRR) was an American railroad existing 1846–1968, after which it merged into Penn Central Transportation. ... Amtrak, is the brand name of the intercity passenger train system created on May 1, 1971 in the United States. ... 1876 map The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad (B&O) is one of the oldest railroads in the United States, with an original line from the port of Baltimore, Maryland west to the Ohio River at Wheeling, West Virginia and Parkersburg, West Virginia. ... CSX Transportation (AAR reporting mark CSXT) is a Class I railroad in the United States, owned by the CSX Corporation. ...



See also List of Delaware Counties and Hundreds // Counties in Delaware Hoornkill District was created in 1664 and divided into Deale County and St. ...


 
 

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