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Encyclopedia > Christian terrorism
The Ku Klux Klan with a fiery cross

Christian terrorism is a form of militant extremism that attempts to spread fear and terror, to perpetrate ideological goals, through violent attacks against civilian populations. The Ku Klux Klan burning a cross. ... The Ku Klux Klan burning a cross. ... Members of the second Ku Klux Klan at a rally during the 1920s. ...


Many frequently-cited examples of "Christian" terrorism are closely tied to racist ideology promoting white supremacy, such as the Ku Klux Klan. Other groups, such as the Christian Identity movement bridge the gap between racism and religious extremism targeting racial and religious minorities, immigrants, homosexuals and women.[1][2][3] 1. ... White supremacy is a racist ideology which holds the belief that white people are superior to other races. ... Members of the second Ku Klux Klan at a rally during the 1920s. ... Christian Identity is a label applied to a wide variety of loosely-affiliated groups and churches with a racialized theology. ...

Contents

Christian terrorism centered on anti-abortion

Terrorism
General
Definitions
History
International Conventions
Anti-terrorism legislation
Counter-terrorism
War on Terrorism
Red Terror
White Terror
Lists
Organizations
Incidents
Types
Agro-terrorism
Propaganda of the deed
Bioterrorism
Christian terrorism
Communist terrorism
Eco-terrorism
Islamist terrorism
Narcoterrorism
Nationalist
Nuclear terrorism
Political
Racist
Other religious terrorism
State
State-sponsored
Tactics
Tactics of terrorism
Hijacking
Car bombing
Suicide attack
Configurations
Fronts
Lone-wolf
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One of the most widely-reported Christian terrorists is Eric Robert Rudolph, an American who committed a series of bombings across the southern United States in the 1990s, killing three people and injuring at least 150 others, because he violently opposed abortion and homosexuality as contrary to Christian doctrine[4]. While he may have been associated with the Christian Identity movement, Rudolph himself has rejected the claims, saying that he was born a Catholic,[5][6] but that he "prefers Nietzsche to the Bible". Terrorist redirects here. ... Few words are as politically or emotionally charged as terrorism. ... Bold text Although there are earlier related examples, the history of terrorism in the modern sense seems to have emerged around the mid 19th-century. ... International conventions on terrorism set out obligations of states in respect to defining international counter terrorist offences, prosecuting individuals suspected of such offences, extraditing such persons upon request, and providing mutual legal assistance upon request. ... Anti-terrorism legislation designs all types of laws passed in the purported aim of fighting terrorism. ... Counter-terrorism refers to the practices, tactics, and strategies that governments, militaries, and other groups adopt in order to fight terrorism. ... This article is about U.S. actions after September 11, 2001. ... The Red Terror was a campaign of mass arrests and deportations targeted against counterrevolutionaries in Russia during the Russian Civil War. ... It has been suggested that The White Terror (France) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with List of terrorist organizations. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ... The term Agro-terrorism is a controversial neologism used to describe threats by a terrorist act on the food chain. ... Propaganda of the deed (or propaganda by the deed, from the French propagande par le fait) is a concept of anarchist origin, which appeared towards the end of the 19th century, that promoted terrorism against political enemies as a way of inspiring the masses and catalyzing revolution. ... Bioterrorism is terrorism using germ warfare, an intentional human release of a naturally-occurring or human-modified toxin or biological agent. ... Communist terrorism is terrorism carried out in the name of furthering Communist goals or teachings. ... The term eco-terrorism is a neologism used to describe threats and/or acts of violence (both against people and against property), sabotage, vandalism, property damage and intimidation committed in the name of environmentalism. ... This article contains information that has not been verified and thus might not be reliable. ... Narcoterrorism is a term coined by former President Belaunde Terry of Peru in 1983 when describing terrorist-type attacks against his nations anti-narcotics police. ... Nationalist terrorism is a form of terrorism through which participants attempt to form an independent state against what they consider an occupying, imperial, or otherwise illegitimate state. ... Nuclear terrorism denotes the use of nuclear weapons, radiological weapons (dirty bombs), or attacks against local facilities that handle nuclear material with mass destruction in mind. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Terrorism. ... 15:40, 25 January 2007 (UTC)168. ... Religious terrorism refers to terrorism justified or motivated by religion and is a form of religious violence. ... This article or section may contain original research or unverified claims. ... State-sponsored terrorism (SST) is a political term used to refer to finance/bounties, equipment and intelligence material given across international boundaries to terrorist organizations and the families of deceased militants for the purpose of conducting or rewarding attacks on civilians. ... This article describes techniques and tactics associated with terrorism. ... Hijackers inside flightdeck of TWA Flight 847 Aircraft hijacking (also known as skyjacking and aircraft piracy) is the take-over of an aircraft, by a person or group, usually armed. ... Car bomb in Iraq, made from a number of concealed artillery shells in the back of a pickup truck. ... A suicide attack is an attack in which the attacker (attacker being either an individual or a group) intends to kill others and knows he or she will most likely die (see suicide). ... A terrorist front organization is created to conceal activities or provide logistical or financial support to the illegal activities. ... According to the Anti-Defamation League The term Lone-wolf (Lone-wolf activism to proponents, Lone-wolf terrorism to opponents) was popularized by white supremacists Alex Curtis and Tom Metzger in the late 1990s: [On Curtis:] Curtis encouraged fellow racists to act alone in committing violent crimes so that they... Eric Robert Rudolph (born September 19, 1966), also known as the Olympic Park Bomber, is an American anti-abortion and anti-gay extremist and domestic terrorist [2][3] who committed a series of bombings across the southern United States, which killed three people and injured at least 150 others. ... This article is about explosive devices. ... Historic Southern United States. ... Homosexuality refers to sexual interaction and / or romantic attraction between individuals of the same sex. ... Friedrich Nietzsche, 1882 Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (October 15, 1844 - August 25, 1900) was a highly influential German philosopher. ... This Gutenberg Bible is displayed by the United States Library of Congress. ...


Clayton Waagner claimed to be on a "mission from God" when he set out with his family on a trip across the United States, intent on killing multiple abortion providers. Ultimately he mailed envelopes, falsely claiming they contained anthrax, to more than 500 abortion facilities, as part of the larger, and unconnected, anthrax attacks of 2001.[citation needed] Clayton Lee Waagner is a criminal, terrorist, and anti-abortion activist. ... The 2001 anthrax attacks in the United States, also known as Amerithrax from its FBI case name, occurred over the course of several weeks beginning on September 18, 2001 (a week after the September 11, 2001 attacks). ...


On 11 September 2006 David McMenemy, who has pleaded guilty to second degree arson[7], allegedly attempted a suicide bombing, deliberately crashing his car into the Edgerton Women’s Health Center in Davenport, Iowa[8], falsely believing the clinic provided abortions.[9] September 11 is the 254th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (255th in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... A suicide bombing is an attack using a bomb in which the individual(s) carrying the explosive materials composing the bomb intend(s) and expect(s) to die upon detonation (see suicide). ... Davenport is a city in the American state of Iowa that borders the Mississippi River. ...


According to the National Abortion Federation, between 1977 and 2006, anti-abortion terrorism was responsible for 7 murders, 17 attempted murders, 41 bombings, 173 arson attacks, 100 butyric acid attacks, 157 incidents of assault and battery, 4 kidnappings, and 385 death threats.[10] The National Abortion Federation (NAF) is an organization of abortion providers. ... Also: 1977 (album) by Ash. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Butyric acid, (from Greek βουτυρος = butter) IUPAC name n-Butanoic acid, or normal butyric acid, is a carboxylic acid with structural formula CH3CH2CH2-COOH. It is notably found in rancid butter, parmesan cheese, and vomit, and has an unpleasant odor and acrid taste, with a sweetish aftertaste (similar to ether). ...


Army of God

Several Christian extremists who have targeted abortion providers have had close ties to the militant organization Army of God, including the excommunicated Presbyterian minister Paul Jennings Hill, Michael F. Griffin, and the Reverend Michael Bray. Eric Rudolph, Clayton Waagner and James Kopp all had links to the Army of God, though it is not clear whether Waagner or Kopp had formal links.[11] The Army of God (AOG) is a name that has been and is used by multiple groups. ... Presbyterianism is part of the Reformed churches family of denominations of Christian Protestantism based on the teachings of John Calvin which traces its institutional roots to the Scottish Reformation, especially as led by John Knox. ... Rev. ... Michael F. Griffin is a Christian terrorist who murdered Dr. David Gunn in Pensacola, Florida on March 11, 1993. ... Rev. ...


Christian terrorism centered on nationalism

  • The National Liberation Front of Tripura is a Fundamentalist Christian militant group in India, demanding a separate Christian state. Allegedly funded by the Baptist Church of Tripura, it is accused of ethnic cleansing[12] and bombings that have killed hundreds, as well as forcing gunpoint conversions. They were declared a terrorist organization under the Prevention of Terrorism Act in 2002.[13]
  • Lord's Resistance Army (formerly known as the Uganda Peoples' Democratic Christian Army, it mixed several belief systems. It has recently downplayed its Christian roots, but still springs from a predominantly Christian support base)[citation needed]
  • Freedomites (also Svobodniki or Sons of Freedom, Canada, 1902-present)[14]
  • The Christian Patriot movement is a loose association of people in the United States sharing common interests in racial and religious ideologies as well as asserting a modern paramilitary culture. The group opposes, among other things, government funded social assistance including many health, education, and welfare programs, but focuses mainly on anti-feminist and anti-immigration issues, portraying the growing economic advancements of women and ethnic minorities as hostile acts against United States citizens and white men in particular.[15][16]

The National Liberation Front of Tripura (NLFT) was formed in December 1989 for the purpose of seceding from India in order to create an independent state of Tripura. ... Fundamentalist Christianity is a fundamentalist movement, especially within American Protestantism. ... The Tripura Baptist Christian Union is the largest protestant church body in the Indian state of Tripura. ... Manifestations Slavery · Racial profiling · Lynching Hate speech · Hate crime · Hate groups Genocide · The Holocaust · Armenian Genocide · Pogrom Ethnocide · Ethnic cleansing · Race war Religious persecution · Gay bashing Blood libel · Black Legend Pedophobia · Ephebiphobia Movements Discriminatory Aryanism · Neo-Nazism · Ku Klux Klan National Party (South Africa) American Nazi Party Kahanism · Supremacism Anti... A forced conversion occurs when someone adopts a religion or philosophy under the threat that a refusal would result in negative consequences not just in the afterlife but in this life too, ranging from job loss, social isolation to incarceration, torture, or death. ... This article is becoming very long. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Combatants Uganda Peoples Defence Force Lords Resistance Army Commanders Yoweri Museveni Joseph Kony The Lords Resistance Army (LRA),[1] formed in 1987, is a paramilitary group operating mainly in northern Uganda and parts of Sudan. ... Freedomites, also called Svobodniki or Sons of Freedom, first appeared in 1902 in Saskatchewan, Canada, as a Doukhobor extremist group. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...

See also

Anti-abortion violence are acts of aggression specifically visited upon people who or places which provide abortion. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... In the United States, acts of domestic terrorism are generally considered to be uncommon. ... A hate group is an organized group or movement that advocates hate, hostility or violence towards a group of people or some organization upon spurious grounds, despite a wider consensus that these people are not necessarily better or worse than any others. ... This article contains information that has not been verified and thus might not be reliable. ... Religious terrorism refers to terrorism justified or motivated by religion and is a form of religious violence. ...

Notes

  1. ^ http://www.publiceye.org/eyes/whitsup.html
  2. ^ Barkun, Michael (1996). Religion and the Racist Right: The Origins of the Christian Identity Movement. University of N. Carolina Press. ISBN 978-0807846384. 
  3. ^ Berlet, Chip (2004). A New Face for Racism & Fascism. White Supremacist, Antisemitic, and Race Hate Groups in the U.S.: A Geneaology. Political Research Associates. Retrieved on 2007-02-18.
  4. ^ http://www.washingtonpost.com/ac2/wp-dyn/A1196-2003Jun1?language=printer
  5. ^ Morrison, Blake (2005). Special report: Eric Rudolph writes home. Nation. USA Today. Retrieved on 2006-06-14.
  6. ^ Wyatt, Kristen (2005). Eric Rudolph, proud killer. The Decatur Daily. Retrieved on 2006-08-07.
  7. ^ http://www.whotv.com/Global/story.asp?S=6562645
  8. ^ http://www.qcwomenshealth.org/wic.html
  9. ^ Jennifer L. Posner, "The terrorists who aren't in the news", Newsday, 8 October 2006.Copy available here.
  10. ^ Statistics from theNational Abortion Federation.
  11. ^ Army of God page at the National Abortion Federation].
  12. ^ http://www.stephen-knapp.com/christian_terrorists_kill_44.htm
  13. ^ http://www.satp.org/satporgtp/countries/india/states/tripura/terrorist_outfits/nlft.htm
  14. ^ http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,842462-1,00.html
  15. ^ http://caliber.ucpress.net/doi/abs/10.1525/sp.2002.49.4.497?cookieSet=1&journalCode=sp
  16. ^ Terrorism Trends and Prospects

Chip Berlet. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... February 18 is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... June 14 is the 165th day of the year (166th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... August 7 is the 219th day of the year (220th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... October 8 is the 281st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (282nd in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ...

References

  • Barkun, Michael. 1994. Religion and the Racist Right: The Origins of the Christian Identity Movement, revised. Chapel Hill, N.C.: University of North Carolina Press.
  • Hedges, Chris. 2007. American Fascists: The Christian Right and the War on America. Free Press.
  • Juergensmeyer, Mark. 2000. Terror in the Mind of God: The Global Rise of Religious Violence. Berkeley: University of California.
  • Mason, Carol. 2002. Killing for Life: The Apocalyptic Narrative of Pro-Life Politics. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Terrorism - definition of Terrorism in Encyclopedia (2230 words)
On the surface, the popular definition of 'terrorism' represents a shift from previous means of defining an enemy from territorial or cultural disputes over ideology or religion, to the acts of violence against the public.
The use of the terms terrorism and terrorist are politically weighted, and are often used to polarizing effect, where 'terrorism' is simply a relativist term for the violence committed by an enemy, from the point of view of the attacked.
In his view the causes of terrorism include attempts to gain or consolidate power either by instilling fear in the population to be controlled, or by stimulating another group into becoming a hardened foe, thereby setting up a polarizing us-versus-them paradigm (also see nationalism and fascism).
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