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Encyclopedia > Christian right
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The Christian Right is a movement of social and political advocacy by Christian fundamentalists.[1] The term originated in the United States and has been subsequently used by scholars and journalists to refer to a spectrum of right-wing Christian political and social movements and organizations characterized by their strong support of conservative social and political values. The "Christian Right" is not a united or unitary movement, containing persons and groups a wide variety of theological beliefs, with different agendas or focuses. Among those who might be considered to part of the Christian Right are those from moderately traditional movements within Lutheranism and Catholicism to theologically more conservative movements such as Evangelicalism, Pentecostalism and Fundamentalist Christianity. Fundamentalist Christianity is a fundamentalist movement, especially within American Protestantism. ... “Right wing” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Christian (disambiguation). ... Ths article deals with conservatism as a political philosophy. ... Lutheranism is a major branch of Protestant Christianity that identifies with the teachings of the sixteenth-century German reformer Martin Luther. ... “Catholic Church” redirects here. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      The word evangelicalism often refers to... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Pentecostal can... Fundamentalist Christianity, or Christian fundamentalism, is a movement that arose mainly within British and American Protestantism in the late 19th and early 20th centuries by conservative evangelical Christians, who, in a reaction to modernism, actively affirmed a fundamental set of Christian beliefs: the inerrancy of the Bible, Sola Scriptura, the...

Contents

Terminology

The terms Christian Right and Religious Right are sometimes used interchangeably, although this is problematic. Fundamentalists across several religions often share with the Christian Right certain positions on specific issues such as opposition to birth control [3],abortion, gay rights, separation of religion and government, evolution [4], embryonic stem cell research [5], and antipathy for perceived changing moral standards. So while many leaders of the Christian Right are outspoken critics of radical Islam, organizations composed of conservative Christians, Muslim social conservatives, and Orthodox Jews sometimes cooperate in national and international projects, especially through the World Congress of Families and United Nations NGO gatherings.[2] This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Birth control (disambiguation). ... LGBT rights Around the world By country History · Groups · Activists Declaration of Montreal Same-sex relationships Marriage · Adoption Opposition · Discrimination Violence This box:      LGBT social movements share related goals of social acceptance of homosexuality, bisexuality, or transgenderism. ... Constantines Conversion, depicting the conversion of Emperor Constantine the Great to Christianity, by Peter Paul Rubens. ... This article is about evolution in biology. ... Islamic fundamentalism is a term used to describe religious ideologies seen as advocating literalistic interpretations of the texts of Islam and of Sharia law. ... The World Congress of Families is an international meeting of pro-family organisations[1] that was first held in 1997 in Prague. ...


The term Christian Right is considered pejorative by some observers, who suggest the term and the related term Religious Right are used primarily by the political left.[3][4][5] (see also Christianophobia and Dominionism). This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Wycliffe Tyndale · Luther · Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      Anti-Christian prejudice, anti... This article is on the political-religious concept of dominionism. ...


The term "Christian Right," however, is used by authors from a wide range of political and religious viewpoints (See references section below). For example, conservative American political commentator Kevin Phillips, feels the terms accurately describes the movement. Some 15% of the electorate in the United States tell pollsters they are allied with the Christian Right, and it is an important voting block within the U.S. Republican Party.[6][7]In recent years, Christian Right groups have appeared in other countries than the United States.[8] Kevin Phillips (born November 30, 1940) is an American writer and commentator, largely on politics, economics, and history. ...


The term Culture War is used to describe the disagreements over social and political issues between the Christian Right and its more liberal and secular opponents[9] The culture war (or culture wars) in American usage is a metaphor used to claim that political conflict is based on sets of conflicting values. ...


History

Jerome Himmelstein writes that:

"The term New Religious Right refers to a set of organizations that emerged in the late 1970s, the Moral Majority (later renamed the Liberty Federation), the Religious Roundtable, and the Christian Voice; their leaders, including Robert Grant, Pat Robertson, Jerry Falwell, and Ed McAteer; and the movement that these leaders and organizations fostered. Though this movement made a broad, religiously based conservative appeal, its deepest roots and most lasting impact were among white evangelicals and fundamentalist Christians" (p. 97).

The contemporary "Christian Right" as a nascent political movement began when evangelicals began organizing against a series of Supreme Court decisions, notably Roe v. Wade and also engaged in local battles over pornography, obscenity, taxation of private Christian schools, school prayer, textbook contents (concerning evolution), homosexuality and abortion. This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Dr. Robert Grant is often called the father of the modern Christian right in America. ... Marion Gordon Pat Robertson (born March 22, 1930) is a televangelist from the United States. ... This article is about Jerry Falwell, Sr. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries  Atlas  Politics Portal      The Supreme Court of the United States (sometimes colloquially referred to by the acronym... Holding Texas law making it a crime to assist a woman to get an abortion violated her due process rights. ... Porn redirects here. ... Obscenity in Latin obscenus, meaning foul, repulsive, detestable, (possibly derived from ob caenum, literally from filth). The term is most often used in a legal context to describe expressions (words, images, actions) that offend the prevalent sexual morality of the time. ... School prayer in its most common usage refers to state sanctioned prayer of students in schools. ... Three textbooks. ... Homosexuality refers to sexual interaction and / or romantic attraction between individuals of the same sex. ...


One early effort to institutionalize the Christian Right as a politically-active social movement began in 1974 when Dr. Robert Grant, an early movement leader, founded American Christian Cause to advocate Christian moral teachings in Southern California. Concerned that Christians overwhelmingly voted in favor of President Jimmy Carter in 1976, Grant founded Christian Voice to mobilize Christian voters in favor of candidates who share their values. The birth of the New Christian Right, however, is usually traced to a 1979 meeting where televangelist Jerry Falwell was urged to create a "Moral Majority" organization.[10][11] Dr. Robert Grant is often called the father of the modern Christian right in America. ... For other persons named Jimmy Carter, see Jimmy Carter (disambiguation). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


In the US in 1980 Christian leaders and members of the religious right rallied in Washington DC on April 29th and 30th, for an event called Washington for Jesus. Pat Robertson, Jerry Falwell, Dr. William Bright, Benson Idahosa from Africa, and many other high-profile Christians marched on Washington DC, in an effort to get Ronald Reagan, the opposing republican candidate to oust then-Democratic candidate Jimmy Carter out of office. Many of the beliefs of the religious right were outlined and solidified in speeches and statements made by leaders during the event. Other Washington for Jesus rallies were held in Washington in 1998, 1996, and 2004. Washington for Jesus was founded by [John Giminez], the pastor of Rock Church in Virginia Beach, Virginia.


Movements outside the United States

Beyond the United States, other western nations have their own Christian Right movements. A brief summary and evaluation of those movements follow.


Australia

In Australia, the Christian Right has had mixed fortunes. In the case of the anti-abortion movement, there has been considerable fragmentation between the Federation of Right to Life Associations and Right to Life Australia. The latter favours direct action tactics, and has tended to alienate public opinion. Two other organisations that both began in 1995 with a Christian Right focus and agenda were the Australian Christian Coalition, now known as the Australian Christian Lobby, and Salt Shakers. The Australian Christian Lobby has its headquarters in Canberra with State Offices, whilst Salt Shakers has a single office in Melbourne. Over time the Australian Christian Lobby has moved from the political right to a centre right position whilst Salt Shakers has not. Both have had their wins and losses over the 11 years that they have been operating. Both organisations form loose coalitions with other like minded organisations. These coalitions are issue focused and come and go as issues come and go. ... Right to Life Australia is an organisation which advocates pro-life positions in issues such as abortion, euthanasia and stem cell research. ...


In New South Wales, Reverend Fred Nile and his Christian Democratic Party have occupied two to three Legislative Council seats since the 1980s. Nile has been conspicuously unsuccessful in his efforts against the popular Sydney Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras, and lesbian/gay rights legislation in general, as well as abortion. Frederick John Nile (born 15 September 1934), Australian politician and clergyman, is a member of the Legislative Council of New South Wales, Australia. ... The Christian Democratic Party (CDP) is a minor political party in Australia. ... The Legislative Council, or upper house, is one of the two chambers of the parliament of New South Wales in Australia. ...


Similarly, his former vehicle, the South Australia-based Festival of Light has been ebbing in recent years. In that state, the Family First political party has been elected at the state and federal upper house levels. Victoria used to be the headquarters of the National Civic Council, a conservative Catholic organisation that still produces News Weekly, a conservative Catholic news publication that opposes free market capitalism as well as reproductive choice, voluntary euthanasia and lesbian/gay rights. Capital Adelaide Government Constitutional monarchy Governor Marjorie Jackson-Nelson Premier Mike Rann (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 11  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004-05)  - Product ($m)  $59,819 (5th)  - Product per capita  $38,838/person (7th) Population (End of September 2006)  - Population  1,558,200 (5th)  - Density  1. ... The Festival of Light is an Australian lobby group founded in 1974 by the Reverend Fred Nile. ... The Family First Party is a political party in Australia. ...


For a decade, this movement delayed the introduction of medical abortion in Australia (1996-2005). As time went on, all Australian states and territories either partially or fully decriminalised abortion access, although keeping abortion-on-demand illegal. Eventually, a unified multipartisan pro-choice movement insured passage of legislation that repealed obstacles within the federal Therapeutic Goods Act.


At present, the Australian federal government under the Howard administration has banned same-sex marriage and has threatened to legislate against proposed civil unions for lesbians and gay men at the federal level, as it had previously done against euthanasia law reform after the Northern Territory parliament carried it out in 1995. Euthanasia marks a particular point of conflict. In 2005, the Howard administration passed an anti-euthanasia Criminal Code Amendment (Suicide Related Offenses) Act, which made it illegal to "aid or abet the suicide or attempted suicide" or "incite or counsel another person to commit suicide"[6]. However, the Howard administration is now the only Coalition (Liberal Party of Australia/National Party of Australia)-governed jurisdiction anywhere in the country, as the Australian Labor Party federal opposition controls all the state and territory governments. International recognition Civil unions and domestic partnerships Recognized in some regions Unregistered co-habitation Recognition debated Civil unions legal, same-sex marriage debated See also Same-sex marriage Civil union Registered partnership Domestic partnership Timeline of same-sex marriage Listings by country This box:      Same-sex marriage is a term... A civil union is one of several terms for a civil status similar to marriage, typically created for the purposes of allowing homosexual couples access to the benefits enjoyed by married heterosexuals (see also same-sex marriage); it can also be used by couples of differing sexes who do not... For mercy killings not performed on humans, see animal euthanasia. ... Slogan or Nickname: The Territory, The NT, The Top End Motto(s): none Other Australian states and territories Capital Darwin Government Constitutional monarchy Administrator Ted Egan Chief Minister Clare Martin (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 2  - Senate seats 2 Gross Territorial Product (2004-05)  - Product ($m)  $10,418 (8th)  - Product... This article concerns the modern Australian political party. ... The National Party of Australia is an Australian political party. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ...


Canada

Canada has had a Charter of Rights and Freedoms, an open-ended written constitution, since it was repatriated in 1982. Resultantly, feminist and lesbian/gay law reform groups have been able to secure considerable advances such as the two R. v. Morgentaler cases (in 1988 and in 1993), which completely decriminalise abortion in that country, as well as a string of provincial supreme court same-sex marriage victories that led the federal Parliament to introduce federal legislation to enable it in 2005. Despite the recent victory of Stephen Harper's Conservative Party of Canada at last year's federal election, the latter is currently a minority government. Canada has a pro-family group (REAL Women of Canada) and pro-life supporters within Campaign Life Coalition, and political parties like the Christian Heritage Party of Canada and Family Coalition Party in Ontario, as well as Focus on the Family Canada, a satellite of the US-based multinational Focus on the Family, based in Colorado Springs. These political parties have never been elected to office in legislative bodies, however. The Charter, signed by Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau in 1981. ... Holding Section 251 of the Criminal Code violates a womans right to security of person under section 7 of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms and cannot be saved under section 1 of the Charter. ... Holding Nova Scotia regulations regarding abortion were ultra vires the legislature of the province as criminal law. ... Stephen Joseph Harper (born April 30, 1959) is the 22nd and current Prime Minister of Canada and leader of the Conservative Party of Canada. ... The Conservative Party of Canada (French: Parti conservateur du Canada), colloquially known as the Tories, is a conservative political party in Canada, formed by the merger of the Canadian Alliance and the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada in December 2003. ... REAL Women of Canada is a socially conservative lobby group in Canada. ... Campaign Life is a Canadian socially conservative group, primarily associated with the pro-life movement. ... The Christian Heritage Party of Canada is a federal political party that advocates the governance of Canada according to the inspired, inerrant written Word of God. [1] This socially and fiscally conservative party held its founding convention in Hamilton, Ontario in November 1987, where Ed Vanwoudenberg was elected its first... The Family Coalition Party is a minor political party in Ontario, Canada that was founded in 1987 with a social conservative platform. ... Focus on the Family Canada is a Canadian affiliate of the American evangelical Christian organization Focus on the Family. ... The graphic identity of Focus on the Family is intended to recall old time traditional values. ...


None of these organisations have been able to make any inroad against Canada's feminist or lesbian gay rights movement. Paradoxically, though, censorship policy has been a continued point of contention between Canada's lesbian, gay and arts communities and federal Customs.


United Kingdom

The United Kingdom has also had an active Christian Right movement, whose fortunes peaked during the eighties, under the Conservative Party administration of Margaret Thatcher, a social conservative. However, Mary Whitehouse and her National Viewers and Listeners Association (now Mediawatch-uk) were the only political beneficiaries of tighter censorship legislation and policy during the eighties. The Thatcher administration passed Section 28 of the Local Government Act 1988, the effect of which was disputed but which aimed to reduce the "promotion" of homosexuality by local authorities. The Conservative Party (officially the Conservative and Unionist Party) is the second largest political party in the United Kingdom in terms of sitting Members of Parliament (MPs), the largest in terms of public membership, and the oldest political party in the United Kingdom. ... Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher, LG, OM, PC (née Roberts; born 13 October 1925) served as British Prime Minister from 1979 to 1990 and leader of the Conservative Party from 1975 until 1990, being the first (and, to date, only) woman to hold either post. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... mediawatch-uk, formerly the National Viewers and Listeners Association (NVALA) is a controversial special interest pressure group in the United Kingdom, which seeks to highlight what it sees as regulatory failure on harmful and offensive broadcast content violence, bad language, sex, homosexuality and blasphemy in the United Kingdom. ... mediawatch-uk, formerly the National Viewers and Listeners Association (NVALA) is a controversial special interest pressure group in the United Kingdom, which seeks to highlight what it sees as regulatory failure on harmful and offensive broadcast content violence, bad language, sex, homosexuality and blasphemy in the United Kingdom. ... Sir Ian McKellen with Michael Cashman at the 1988 Gay Rights March on Manchester in protest against Section 28. ... The United Kingdom Local Government Act of 1988 was famous for introducing the controversial Section 28 into law. ...


During the nineties, John Major pursued a softer stance, and Edwina Currie, a libertarian Conservative MP, produced a private members bill to reduce the gay male age of consent from twenty-one to sixteen. However, the British Parliament accepted eighteen as a compromise age of consent. In 2001, full age of consent equality prevailed. From 1997 to 2007, Tony Blair was Prime Minister, and fully supportive of lesbian/gay rights. Under his Labour Party government, Clause 28 was repealed, the gay male age of consent was equalised at sixteen (2001), civil partnership legislation (civil unions) were introduced, and gay adoption reform passed after several libertarian Conservative MPs crossed the floor to support the measure. For other persons named John Major, see John Major (disambiguation). ... Edwina Currie Edwina Currie Jones née Cohen, (born 13 October 1946) is a former British Member of Parliament. ... For other people of the same name, see Tony Blair (disambiguation) Anthony Charles Lynton Blair (born May 6, 1953)[1] is the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, First Lord of the Treasury, Minister for the Civil Service, Leader of the Labour Party, and Member of Parliament for the constituency... Legal status of gay adoption in Europe (map needs to be changed; UK, Norway, Iceland see text). ...


Many "Christian Right" issues are treated of matters of conscience by major parties for the purposes of the parliamentary whip, meaning the policies of parties are less important than those of individual members. In recent years, none of the major political parties has promoted such policies, and parliament has moved away from them in free votes. Outside the major political parties, there have been campaigns from small hard-line groups such as The Christian Institute and the Scottish Christian Party. Despite occasional attempts to reduce time limits for abortion access, British pro-life groups have been unsuccessful at limiting women's abortion access, due to that country's long-established and vigilant pro-choice movement. Some newspapers such as the Daily Mail and Daily Express run campaigns and print right-leaning coverage on subjects such as pornography and some of the aims of gay rights campaigners. The Christian Institute (CI) is a UK-based evangelical Christian registered charity that campaigns to promote the Christianity in the United Kingdoms. ... The Scottish Christian Party is a minor Christian Right political organisation in Scotland and a sister organisation to the group Operation Christian Vote [1] which has fought elections in England and Scotland, including at the 2005 UK general election. ... Issues of discussion Pro-choice describes the political and ethical view that a woman should have complete control over her fertility and pregnancy. ... The Daily Mail is a British newspaper and the oldest tabloid, first published in 1896. ... For other uses, see Daily Express (disambiguation). ...


Britain, Canada and New Zealand have all faced repeated attempts to introduce voluntary euthanasia legislation, or decriminalise voluntary euthanasia or physician-assisted suicide through the courts, in the case of Canada. However, to date, none of these reform efforts have passed the select committee stage in any national, federal or provincial parliament. For example, a euthanasia law reform bill has just been postponed in the United Kingdom's House of Lords, after a massive anti-euthanasia/pro-care rally in London. For mercy killings not performed on humans, see animal euthanasia. ... Euthanasia (Greek, good death) is the practice of killing a person or animal, in a painless or minimally painful way, for merciful reasons, usually to end their suffering. ... This article is about the British House of Lords. ...


International organisations

For other uses, see Opus Dei (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Assemblies of God (disambiguation). ...

Moral issues and general beliefs

Issues of sexuality and reproduction

  • Opposition to trafficking in persons for sex slavery worldwide
  • Opposition both to same-sex marriage laws and to other measures to extend civil rights to homosexuals
(Groups such as the Focus on the Family and Traditional Values Coalition prefer to describe such measures as special rights for homosexuals.)
  • Opposition to sexual practices diverging from heterosexual relations within the context of monogamous marriage
  • Opposition to divorce (more widely as social disapproval rather than calls for legal restrictions)
  • Neutral to opposing attitudes towards social policies designed to facilitate women working outside the home

Whore redirects here. ... Porn redirects here. ... Child pornography refers to pornographic material depicting children. ... International recognition Civil unions and domestic partnerships Recognized in some regions Unregistered co-habitation Recognition debated Civil unions legal, same-sex marriage debated See also Same-sex marriage Civil union Registered partnership Domestic partnership Timeline of same-sex marriage Listings by country This box:      Same-sex marriage is a term... The graphic identity of Focus on the Family is intended to recall old time traditional values. ... Homosexuality is a sexual orientation characterized by esthetic attraction, romantic love, or sexual desire exclusively for another of the same sex. ... The term nuclear family developed in the western world to distinguish the family group consisting of parents (usually a father and mother) and their children, from what is known as an extended family. ... For other uses, see Birth control (disambiguation). ... Heterosexuality is a sexual orientation characterized by esthetic attraction, romantic love or sexual desire exclusively for members of the opposite sex or gender, contrasted with homosexuality and distinguished from bisexuality and asexuality. ... Marriage is an interpersonal relationship with governmental, social, or religious recognition, usually intimate and sexual, and often created as a contract, or through civil process. ... For the record label, see Divorce Records. ...

Human life

  • Stronger regulation or prohibition of abortion especially third trimester partial birth abortions
  • Regulation and restriction of certain applications of biotechnology; in particular, both therapeutic and reproductive human cloning and stem cell research that involves the destruction of human embryos. See also bioethics.
  • Regulation and restriction of the publication and public exhibition of media with sexual content, both pornography and erotica.
  • Opposition to sex education classes in public schools. A spectrum of views exist, from advocating no sex education in public schools to advocating abstinence to advocating modesty, chastity, with education about the purpose of advertising

For mercy killings not performed on humans, see animal euthanasia. ... {{}} Bioethics are the ethics of biological science and medicine. ... Porn redirects here. ... An early 20th century post card documents the problem of unwanted pregnancy. ... Abstinence is a voluntary restraint from indulging a desire or appetite for certain bodily activities that are widely experienced as giving pleasure. ...

Issues of the nature and degree of separation of church and state

  • Support for the presence of religion in the public sphere and the official activities thereof, often supported by the claim that the United States was "founded by Christians as a Christian Nation"
  • In the UK, some similar policies are followed, based on the view that Britain’s status as a constitutionally Christian nation should be protected and restored, for instance by enforcing the Blasphemy Law, increasing school prayer and regarding those in public life as accountable to God.
  • Reducing restrictions on government funding for religious charities and schools. However, some politically conservative churches refuse government funding because of their restrictions regarding acceptance of homosexuality and other issues; others endorse President Bush's "faith-based initiatives" and accept funds.
  • Active private and religious involvement in charitable works (parachurch organization) such as disaster relief, medical care, adoption, help for women with problem pregnancies, development in Third World countries, and partnering with government programs to accomplish the same objectives.
  • Opposition to Wicca and other Neopagan faiths receiving equal recognition and freedom of religious expression
  • Opposition to "judicial activism" by federal judges giving decisions perceived as liberal in cases affecting the above issues.
  • Strong support for national leaders, with suggestions that they are "chosen by God"
  • Support of right-wing candidates

This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... The Christian Right, is a broad label applied to a number of political and religious movements with particularly conservative and right wing views. ... Biblical literalism is the supposed adherence to the explicit and literal sense of the Bible. ... This Gutenberg Bible is displayed by the United States Library. ... A moral is a one sentence remark made at the end of many childrens stories that expresses the intended meaning, or the moral message, of the tale. ... The White House Office of Faith-Based and Community Initiatives (OFBCI) is a department under the Office of the President of the United States that was established by President George W. Bush through Executive Order on January 29, 2001, and which represents one of the key domestic policies of Bush... Religious discrimination against adherents of Wicca. ... For other uses, see Wicca (disambiguation). ... Neopaganism (sometimes Neo-Paganism, meaning New Paganism) is a heterogeneous group of religions which attempt to revive ancient, mainly European pre-Christian religions. ...

Public funding and social development

A scientific method or process is considered fundamental to the scientific investigation and acquisition of new knowledge based upon physical evidence. ... The Arts is a broad subdivision of culture, comprised of many expressive disciplines. ...

Educational issues

  • Support for homeschooling, and private schooling, generally as an alternative to secular education rather than for Libertarian reasons. This manifests itself as support for school vouchers.

School prayer in its most common usage refers to state sanctioned prayer of students in schools. ... A young girl studying at home in a 1896 painting by William-Adolphe Bouguereau. ... Secular education is a term that refers to the system of public education in countries with a secular or separation between religion and state. ... This article is about evolution in biology. ... Creationism is the belief that humanity, life, the Earth, and the universe were created in their original form by a deity or deities (often the Abrahamic God of Judaism, Christianity and Islam), whose existence is presupposed. ... For other uses, see Intelligent design (disambiguation). ... An early 20th century post card documents the problem of unwanted pregnancy. ...

Middle-eastern foreign policy positions

(attributable to beliefs about biblical prophecy or to inter-religious conflict)

  • Strong political support for Israel

There have been three conflicts in the late 20th century and early 21st century called Gulf War, all of which refer to conflicts in the Persian Gulf region: Iran-Iraq War (1980-1988) (aka First Gulf War). ...

Attitudes to diversity, apartheid, and indigenous rights

The conclusions of a review of 112 studies on Christian faith and ethnic prejudice were summarised by a later study as being that "white Protestants associated with groups possessing fundamentalist belief systems are generally more prejudiced than members of nonfundamentalist groups, with unchurched whites exhibiting least prejudice."[7] The original review found that its conclusions held "regardless of when the studies were conducted, from whom the data came, the region where the data were collected, or the type of prejudice studied."[8] More recently, at least eight studies have found a positive correlation between fundamentalism and prejudice, using different measures of fundamentalism.[12]


A number of prominent members of the Christian Right, including Jerry Falwell and Rousas John Rushdoony, supported segregation.[9][10] This article is about Jerry Falwell, Sr. ... Rousas John Rushdoony (1916–2001) was the seminal leader of the Christian Reconstructionist theology in the United States. ... Segregation means separation. ...


In Thy Kingdom Come, Randall Balmer recounts comments that Paul M. Weyrich, who he describes as "one of the architects of the Religious Right in the late 1970s", made at a conference, sponsored by a Religious Right organization, that they both attended in Washington in 1990:[11] Randall Herbert Balmer (born October 22, 1954) is an American author, professor of American religious history at Barnard College, Columbia University, an editor for Christianity Today and an Episcopal priest. ... Paul M. Weyrich (born October 7, 1942, in Racine, Wisconsin) is a US conservative political activist and commentator. ...

In the course of one of the sessions, Weyrich tried to make a point to his Religious Right brethren (no women attended the conference, as I recall). Let's remember, he said animatedly, that the Religious Right did not come together in response to the Roe decision. No, Weyrich insisted, what got us going as a political movement was the attempt on the part of the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) to rescind the tax-exempt status of Bob Jones University because of its racially discriminatory policies.

Bob Jones University had policies which refused black students enrolment until 1971, admitted only married blacks from 1971 to 1975, and prohibited interracial dating and marriage between 1975 and 2000. Bob Jones University Bob Jones University (BJU) is a private, Protestant Fundamentalist, liberal arts[1] university located in Greenville, South Carolina. ... Bob Jones University Bob Jones University (BJU) is a private, Protestant Fundamentalist, liberal arts[1] university located in Greenville, South Carolina. ...


In an interview with The Politico, University of Virginia theologian Charles Marsh, author of Wayward Christian Soldiers and the son of a Southern Baptist minister, stated:[12] The Politico is a Washington, D.C.-based political journalism organization that distributes its content via television, the internet, newspaper, and radio. ... The University of Virginia (also called U.Va. ...

As someone who grew up in Mississippi and Alabama during the civil rights movement, ... my reading is that the conservative Christian movement never was able to distinguish itself from the segregationist movement, and that is one of the reasons I find so much of the rhetoric familiar -- and unsettling.

By the end of the civil rights movement, the way was set for this marriage of the Republican Party and conservative Christians. … At the Neshoba County Fair in Mississippi in 1980, (Ronald) Reagan's statement "I am for states' rights" was a remarkable moment in the conservative South. The Southern way of life was affirmed and then deftly grafted into national conservative politics.

A 2006 survey by the Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life found that 19% of all African Americans consider themselves members of the Religious Right, which is more than 1.7 times the national average (11%), nearly double the rate for all U.S. whites (10%), and about the same as for white evangelicals (20%). [13] This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


Dominionism

Main article: Dominionism

Sara Diamond, Frederick Clarkson, and some other critics of the Christian Right claim that the Christian Right's political agendas are a form of Dominionism influenced by Dominion Theology and Christian Reconstructionism; the latter two are related philosophies that regard the Bible as the only strictly true reference for civics, government, scientific theory or any scholarly pursuit. Many in the Christian Right oppose this point of view, and no major Christian Right leader has gone on record as advocating Reconstructionism, although some admit being influenced by Reconstructionist philosophical writings. This article is on the political-religious concept of dominionism. ... Sara Diamond is a leading authority on the Christian Right and other right-wing movements. ... Frederick Clarkson is an American journalist and public speaker in the fields of politics and religion. ... This article is on the political-religious concept of dominionism. ... Dominion Theology is a term used by some social scientists and journalists to describe a theological form of political ideology, which they claim has influenced the Christian Right in the United States, Canada, and Europe, within Protestant Christian evangelicalism and fundamentalism. ... Christian Reconstructionism is a religious and theological movement within Protestant Christianity. ... The Bible (From Greek βιβλια—biblia, meaning books, which in turn is derived from βυβλος—byblos meaning papyrus, from the ancient Phoenician city of Byblos which exported papyrus) is the sacred scripture of Christianity. ...


However, tiny Dominionist sect "Christian Exodus," which chose Bible Belt Anderson, South Carolina as a good place to take over local politics and government, has failed to find any support among Christians in the area, and has been unable to get a foothold on their objective. Christian Exodus (the brainchild of a Neo-Confederate financial advisor, Cory Burnell) is a group promoting a mass emigration of Christian fundamentalists to South Carolina in hopes of influencing the governmental process in the United States. ... Anderson is a city located in Anderson County, South Carolina. ...


Dan Olinger, a professor at the Fundamentalist Bob Jones University in Greenville said, “We want to be good citizens and participants, but we’re not really interested in using the iron fist of the law to compel people to everything Christians should do.” Fundamentalist Christianity, or Christian fundamentalism, is a movement that arose mainly within British and American Protestantism in the late 19th and early 20th centuries by conservative evangelical Christians, who, in a reaction to modernism, actively affirmed a fundamental set of Christian beliefs: the inerrancy of the Bible, Sola Scriptura, the... Bob Jones University Bob Jones University (BJU) is a private, Protestant Fundamentalist, liberal arts[1] university located in Greenville, South Carolina. ... Greenville is the third largest city in the state of South Carolina. ...


And Bob Marcaurelle, interim pastor at Mountain Springs Baptist Church in Piedmont, said the Middle Ages were proof enough that Christian ruling groups are almost always corrupted by power. “When Christianity becomes the government, the question is whose Christianity?” Marcaurelle asked. February 12, 2007, The State, Columbia, SC "Pastors don’t embrace movement"


Right-wing electoral activism

On rare occasion, small churches ascribing themselves to the views of the Christian Right have taken overtly partisan actions, although such overtly political activities are generally considered inappropriate in most conservative Protestant churches. For example, the pastor of the East Waynesville Baptist Church in Waynesville, North Carolina "told the congregation that anyone who planned to vote for Democratic Sen. John Kerry [the Democratic presidential candidate in 2004] should either leave the church or repent". [14] The church later expelled nine members who had voted for Kerry and refused to repent. [15] Image File history File links Emblem-important. ... Location in North Carolina Country United States State North Carolina County Haywood County Incorporated 1871 Mayor Henry Foy Area    - City 20. ... Type Upper House President of the Senate Richard B. Cheney, R since January 20, 2001 President pro tempore Robert C. Byrd, D since January 4, 2007 Members 100 Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party Last elections November 7, 2006 Meeting place Senate Chamber United States Capitol Washington, DC United States... John Forbes Kerry (born December 11, 1943) is the junior United States Senator from Massachusetts, in his fourth term of office. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


Elsewhere, other western Protestant fundamentalist movements have supported conservative state or provincial or national governments. In the case of Australia's Fred Nile, he has strongly supported current Australian federal Prime Minister John Howard and his (Liberal Party of Australia/National Party of Australia)Coalition federal government, as has South Australia's Family First party, represented at the state and federal levels. Frederick John Nile (born 15 September 1934), Australian politician and clergyman, is a member of the Legislative Council of New South Wales, Australia. ... John Winston Howard (born 26 July 1939) is an Australian politician and the 25th Prime Minister of Australia. ... This article concerns the modern Australian political party. ... The National Party of Australia is an Australian political party. ... The Family First Party is a political party in Australia. ...


Similarly, in Canada, REAL Women of Canada and Campaign Life Coalition vociferously supported Stephen Harper and his Conservative Party of Canada at the recent Canadian general election in late 2005. Although many are social conservatives, not all federal Conservative MPs voted for a recent federal bill that would have repealed legislation that introduced same-sex marriage in Canada two years ago. Unfortunately for Harper, his party and the aforementioned social conservatives, social liberal pressure groups were monitoring their websites and those of particular social conservative constituency candidates. In the Canadian federal election of 2006 for a variety of reasons, Harper and the Canadian Tories only succeeded in achieving a minority government, and seem to have backed away from divisive tactics like repeal of federal same-sex marriage legislation. REAL Women of Canada is a socially conservative lobby group in Canada. ... Campaign Life is a Canadian socially conservative group, primarily associated with the pro-life movement. ... Stephen Joseph Harper (born April 30, 1959) is the 22nd and current Prime Minister of Canada and leader of the Conservative Party of Canada. ... The Conservative Party of Canada (French: Parti conservateur du Canada), colloquially known as the Tories, is a conservative political party in Canada, formed by the merger of the Canadian Alliance and the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada in December 2003. ... Same-sex marriage was legalized across Canada by the Civil Marriage Act enacted on July 20, 2005. ... A Canadian federal election (more formally, the 39th general election) will occur on January 23, 2006. ... International recognition Civil unions and domestic partnerships Recognized in some regions Unregistered co-habitation Recognition debated Civil unions legal, same-sex marriage debated See also Same-sex marriage Civil union Registered partnership Domestic partnership Timeline of same-sex marriage Listings by country This box:      Same-sex marriage is a term...


In New Zealand, a unitary state, with a single parliamentary chamber, there was little opportunity for social conservative niche parties to influence politics until the electorate voted for Mixed Member Proportional electoral reform at a referendum held in 1993. The Additional Member System (AMS) is a voting system where some representatives are elected from geographic constituencies and others are elected under proportional representation from party lists. ...


Thus far, United Future New Zealand has been the only socially conservative party able to take advantage of this, but has not conspicuously succeeded in preventing sex work decriminalisation or civil union laws, and won reduced support at the New Zealand general election 2005. At that election, the Exclusive Brethren may have alienated urban voters from Don Brash and his National Party. United Future New Zealand is a political party in the New Zealand parliament with two MPs -- one electorate MP (leader Peter Dunne) and one list MP (Judy Turner (see MMP for the difference). ... The 2005 New Zealand general election will be a nation-wide election for the New Zealand Parliament, and is to be held on 17 September 2005. ... The Exclusive Brethren are a part of the Christian Evangelical movement generally described as the Plymouth Brethren. ... Dr Donald Thomas Brash (born 24 September 1940), New Zealand politician, served as the Leader of the Opposition and parliamentary leader of the National Party, the countrys main Opposition party from 28 October 2003 to 27 November 2006. ... The New Zealand National Party (National or the Nats) currently forms the second-largest (in terms of seats) political party represented in the New Zealand Parliament, and thus functions as the core of the parliamentary Opposition. ...


In the United Kingdom, Margaret Thatcher actively courted the conservative Christian vote throughout her tenure as Prime Minister (1979-1990). However, despite Clause 28 and stricter censorship law and policy, the Conservative Family Campaign proved to be divisive, and the Conservative Party has always had a more active socially liberal libertarian contingent than its Republican counterpart in the United States. The Conservative Family Campaign was closed down in the late nineties under John Major, and replaced with a less strident Conservative Christian Fellowship. To complicate matters, there are also left-wing evangelicals in British Protestant circles, who strongly disagree with the US Christian Right over issues like social and environmental policies, and major evangelical and anti-abortion lobby groups like CARE,SPUC and LIFE have always been careful to appear multipartisan, and not alienate social conservatives within the Labour Party and Liberal Democrats. Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher, LG, OM, PC (née Roberts; born 13 October 1925) served as British Prime Minister from 1979 to 1990 and leader of the Conservative Party from 1975 until 1990, being the first (and, to date, only) woman to hold either post. ... Clause 28 is both: another name for Section 28 a Boy George song against it This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The Conservative Party (officially the Conservative and Unionist Party) is the second largest political party in the United Kingdom in terms of sitting Members of Parliament (MPs), the largest in terms of public membership, and the oldest political party in the United Kingdom. ... See also Libertarianism and Libertarian Party Libertarian,is a term for person who has made a conscious and principled commitment, evidenced by a statement or Pledge, to forswear violating others rights and usually living in voluntary communities: thus in law no longer subject to government supervision. ... For other persons named John Major, see John Major (disambiguation). ... The Conservative Christian Fellowship is an organisation allied with the British Conservative Party, established in 1990 by Tim Montgomerie and Conservative MP David Burrowes. ... Look up care, carer in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... SPUC or the Society for the Protection of Unborn Children is a pro-life organization in the United Kingdom and several other countries. ... For other uses, see Life (disambiguation). ... The Labour Party is a political party in the United Kingdom. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


Under new Tory leader David Cameron, it appears that the British Conservatives have decided that there is no benefit in seeking social conservative constituencies if they alienate younger, gay, urban professional or female voters. For the Canadian ice hockey player, see Dave Cameron. ...


From the above, one can conclude that while other western Christian Right movements model themselves on the US Christian Right and seek closer ties with their dominant national centre-right parties, that backfired in New Zealand and perhaps Canada, and has only succeeded in Australia, and only at the federal level, at that. In Britain, the Conservative Party has backed away from actively courting evangelical and fundamentalist voters out of fear of alienating other significant electoral interest constituencies. The Conservative Party (officially the Conservative and Unionist Party) is the second largest political party in the United Kingdom in terms of sitting Members of Parliament (MPs), the largest in terms of public membership, and the oldest political party in the United Kingdom. ...


Contrasting viewpoints

The Christian Right, while being a fairly large movement, does not represent all evangelicals. Some who are theologically conservative are politically liberal, such as Tony Campolo and Stanley Hauerwas. The Christian Left includes some theological conservatives. Many evangelicals in both the United States and abroad are more or less politically neutral. Tony Campolo Dr. Anthony Tony Campolo (born 1935) is a well-known American pastor, author, public speaker known for challenging Christians by illustrating how their faith can offer solutions in a world of complexity. ... Stanley Hauerwas (b. ... The Christian Left or Religious Left are terms used to describe those who hold a strong Christian belief and share left-wing, liberal, or socialist ideals. ...


Notable people and organizations

USA

People

Image File history File links Emblem-important. ... Howard Ahmanson, Jr. ... Gary L. Bauer (born May 4, 1946, in Covington, Kentucky)[1] is a conservative American politician notable for his ties to several evangelical Christian groups and campaigns. ... Charles Wendell Chuck Colson (born October 16, 1931) was the chief counsel for President Richard Nixon from 1969 to 1973 and was one of the Watergate Seven, jailed for Watergate-related charges. ... Prison Fellowship International (PFI) is an international non-governmental organisation (NGO) comprised of national Prison Fellowship (PF) organisations from 112 countries. ... James Clayton Jim Dobson, Ph. ... The graphic identity of Focus on the Family is intended to recall old time traditional values. ... Tony Evans is an African American christian pastor and a widely-syndicated radio broadcaster. ... Promise Keepers is an international Christian organization for men, based in Denver, Colorado, United States, self-described as a Christ-centered organization dedicated to introducing men to Jesus Christ as their Savior and Lord, helping them to grow as Christians.[1] Promise Keepers promote the view that husbands have a... This article is about Jerry Falwell, Sr. ... Dr. Robert Grant is often called the father of the modern Christian right in America. ... Formerly known as Repent UK, Christian Voice is a Christian fundamentalist organisation based in the United Kingdom which strives, through the basis of prayer and public campaigning, for national repentance. It is led by Stephen Green (a former Chairman of the Conservative Family Campaign), with Lord Ashbourne as its patron. ... The American Freedom Coalition (AFC) is a group which seeks to unite conservatives to work toward what it believes are common goals, including anticommunism. ... Dennis James Kennedy, Ph. ... A panel from Tim LaHaye’s multi-million selling ‘’Left Behind’’ series, depicting the fate LaHaye anticipates for those who do not follow Jesus Christ. ... Beverly LaHaye is a conservative Christian activist and author. ... Concerned Women for America is a conservative Christian political action group active in the United States. ... Gary North For the bisexual rights activist, see Gary North (journalist) Gary North is a writer and publisher from the Christian Reconstruction movement. ... Ralph Eugene Reed, Jr. ... Marion Gordon Pat Robertson (born March 22, 1930) is a televangelist from the United States. ... Rousas John Rushdoony (1916–2001) was the seminal leader of the Christian Reconstructionist theology in the United States. ... Francis A. Schaeffer (30 January 1912 – 15 May 1984), an American Evangelical theologian, philosopher, and Presbyterian pastor, is most famous for his writings and his establishment of the LAbri community in Switzerland. ... Phyllis Schlafly (born on August 15, 1924, in St. ... Eagle Forum is an American conservative organisation founded in 1972 and led by Phyllis Schlafly. ... Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Randall Terry Randall A. Terry (born 1959) is an American political and conservative religious activist and musician. ... Donald E. Wildmon, born 18 January 1938 in Dumas, Mississippi, is the founder and chairman of the American Family Association. ...

Organizations

The American Decency Association is a religious organization. ... The American Family Association (AFA) is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization that promotes conservative Christian values. ... American Vision is a a full service, nonprofit Christian ministry founded in 1978 by Steve Schiffman. ... This article is about the organization presently operating in the United States. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Concerned Women for America is a conservative Christian political action group active in the United States. ... Culture Campaign is an Illinois-based organization whose mission is ...to engage Christians in actively living out and declaring biblical truth in a secular, humanistic American culture. ... Eagle Forum is an American conservative organisation founded in 1972 and led by Phyllis Schlafly. ... The Eternal Word Television Network (EWTN) is a U.S.-based broadcasting network that carries Catholic-themed programming, including a Daily Mass from its Irondale Monastery/Studios, talk shows such as EWTN Live and Sunday Night Live, Daily Rosary, Benediction, doctrinal instruction programs, entertainment/variety shows, childrens programming, live... The Family Research Council (FRC) is a Christian conservative non-profit lobbying organization, formed in the United States by James Dobson in 1981 and incorporated 1983. ... The graphic identity of Focus on the Family is intended to recall old time traditional values. ... This article contains information that has not been verified. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Operation Save America members protest in front of an abortion clinic in Jackson, Mississippi during their 2006 National Event in that city. ... PTL (stands for Praise The Lord or People that Love or Pass the Loot or Pay the Lady) was a conservative religious group and TV network. ... The Traditional Values Coalition is a Christian Right organization that claims to represent 43,000 conservative Christian churches throughout the United States of America. ...

See also

Contrast: Religious right, Religious left, Secular left, Secular right

The American Center for Law & Justice was founded in 1990 by Christian Dr. Pat Robertson as a nonprofit public interest law firm. ... Americans United for Separation of Church and State (Americans United or AU for short) is an advocacy group in the United States which promotes the separation of church and state, a legal doctrine derived from the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment. ... Campaign to Defend the Constitution (DefCon) is an American online organization founded in September, 2005 to support the constitutional separation of church and state and to oppose what it perceives as the growing influence of the religious right. ... This article is about the organization presently operating in the United States. ... The Christian Democratic Party (CDP) is a minor political party in Australia. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... A series of scandals resulted in the destruction of the reputations of several famous Christian evangelists. ... Christian terrorism is terrorism carried out in the name of furthering Christian goals or teachings. ... Christian fascism is a term used by some to describe what they see as totalitarian fascist politics in the contemporary Christian right, primarily in the United States. ... PRAISE GOD FOR ZIONISM AND THAT HIS WORD WILL BE FULLFILLED, WHETHER MOCKERS LIKE WIKI DENY IT OR NOT!!!! Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley... Complementarianism is a view among some Christians of the relationship between the genders that differs from egalitarianism or gender-equalism. ... Dominion Theology is a term used by some social scientists and journalists to describe a theological form of political ideology, which they claim has influenced the Christian Right in the United States, Canada, and Europe, within Protestant Christian evangelicalism and fundamentalism. ... This article is on the political-religious concept of dominionism. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      Evangelical left is a term used... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      The word evangelicalism often refers to... The Family First Party (FFP/F1) is a political party in Australia, with policies that generally mirror socially conservative and family values. ... This article is about family values as a political concept. ... Look up fundamentalism in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Jacob wrestling an angel, by Gustave Doré (1832-1883), a shared Judeo-Christian story. ... The intelligent design movement is a neo-creationist religious campaign that calls for broad social, academic and political changes derived from the concept of intelligent design. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... TheocracyWatch is a project run by the Center for Religion, Ethics and Social Policy (CRESP), located at Cornell University. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      The Religious Left is a term... The Secular left is a term used to describe leftists or centrists who are also secularists. ... In U.S. politics, the term secular right refers to but is not exclusive to the libertarian, socially liberal or non-religious wing of most conservative movements or parties. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Caplan, L. (1987) Studies in Religious Fundamentalism. London: The MacMillan Press. ISBN 0–88706–518-X
  2. ^ Butler, Jennifer S. 2006. Born Again: The Christian Right Globalized. University of Michigan Press; London: Pluto Press.
  3. ^ George Weigel, Politics Without God, Basic Books, 2005
  4. ^ Stanley Kurtz, [1]
  5. ^ Jon Ward, "Liberals gather to plumb depths of Christian Right" (May 3, 2005 issue).
  6. ^ John C. Green and Mark Silk, "Why Moral Values Did Count," Religion in the News, Spring 2005, http://www.trincoll.edu/depts/csrpl/RINVol8No1/WhyMoral%20ValuesDidCount.htm
  7. ^ Geoffrey C. Layman, and John C. Green. 2006. “Wars and Rumors of Wars: The Contexts of Cultural Conflict in American Political Behavior.” British Journal of Political Science, Volume 36, Issue 1, January 2006, pp 61-89.
  8. ^ Dennis R. Hoover, "A Religious Right Arrives in Canada, "RELIGION IN THE NEWS, Summer 2000, Vol. 3, No. 2, [2]
  9. ^ Sine, Tom. 1995. Cease Fire: Searching for Sanity in America’s Culture Wars. Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Martin, William (1996). With God on Our Side: The Rise of the Religious Right in America. New York: Broadway Books. 
  11. ^ a b c Sara, Diamond (1995). Roads to Dominion. New York: Guilford Press. 
  12. ^ Altemeyer and Hunsberger (1992); Wylie and Forest, (1992); Hunsberger, (1996); Jackson and Esses, (1997); Hunsberger, Owusu and Duck, (1999); Laythe et al., (2001); Altemeyer, (2003)), cited in The Psychology of Religion, Third Edition: An Empirical Approach (2003), Spilka et al, p466
  13. ^ a b c d Hardisty, Jean (1999). Mobilizing Resentment. Boston: Beacon Press. 

Further reading

  • Diamond, Sara. 1995. Roads to Dominion: Right-Wing Movements and Political Power in the United States. New York: Guilford. ISBN 0-89862-864-4.
  • Green, John C., James L. Guth and Kevin Hill. 1993. “Faith and Election: The Christian Right in Congressional Campaigns 1978–1988.” The Journal of Politics 55(1), (February): 80–91.
  • Himmelstein, Jerome L. 1990. To The Right: The Transformation of American Conservatism. Berkeley: University of California Press.
  • Marsden, George. Understanding Fundamentalism and Evangelicalism.
  • Martin, William. 1996. With God on Our Side: The Rise of the Religious Right in America, New York: Broadway Books. ISBN 0767922573
  • Noll, Mark. 1989. Religion and American Politics: From the Colonial Period to the 1980s.
  • Noll, Mark and Rawlyk, George: Amazing Grace: Evangelicalism in Australia, Canada, Britain, Canada and the United States: Montreal: McGill-Queens University Press: 1994: ISBN 0-7735-1214-4
  • Ribuffo, Leo P. 1983. The Old Christian Right: The Protestant Far Right from the Great Depression to the Cold War. Philadelphia: Temple University Press. ISBN 0-87722-598-2.
  • Wald, Kenneth. 2003. Religion and Politics in the United States.
  • Wilcox, Clyde. Onward Christian Soldiers: The Religious Right in American Politics.
  • Wills, Garry. Under God: Religion and American Politics.

External links

Image File history File links Broom_icon. ...

Neutral

  • God's Country - Defining the differences among American Fundamentalist, Evangelical and Liberal Christians

Critical

Supportive

See: Christian politics (index) for articles related to this subject.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Christian right: Information from Answers.com (4249 words)
The Christian right is a term collectively referring to a spectrum of right-wing Christian political and social movements and organizations characterized by their strong support of social values they deem in line with traditional Christian values in western countries.
Furthermore, many Christian Right organisations from the Anglosphere use discourse, tactics and strategies from the United States Christian Right in their own contexts, leading their feminist, gay and social liberal opponents to foster their own global networking in retaliation.
Groups such as the Promise Keepers, which are allied with the Christian Right, encourage participation by men of all races in their activities, and have encouraged discussions of race and racism.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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