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Encyclopedia > Christian Democrat

Christian Democracy is a political ideology, born at the end of the 19th century, largely as a result of the papal encyclical Rerum Novarum of Pope Leo XIII, in which the Vatican recognizes workers' misery and agrees that something should be done about it, in reaction to the rise of the socialist and trade-union movements. The position of the Roman Catholic Church on this matter was further clarified in a subsequent encyclical, Quadragesimo Anno, by Pope Pius XI in 1931. Though the Christian Democratic movement is very heterogeneous, it generally agrees on certain topics. The proposed design of the State is different from that advocated by the liberals: it must be decentralized, to be made up by various bodies, but to have an unquestionable capacity. Christian Democracy sees economy as being at the service of humanity; however, it does not call the basic idea of capitalism itself into question. The duty of the State to care for its citizens is thus of some importance for Christian Democrats; this overlaps somewhat with the ideas of Christian socialism.

Christian Democrats have usually followed the Vatican positions on public-moral issues. However, most of them have accepted laicity, divorce and some even abortion.

Christian Democracy has been especially important in Italy, inspired by Dom Sturzo, and Germany (see CDU and CSU).

There are also Christian trade unions that set themselves apart from revolutionary trade unions.

The Justice and Development Party, currently in power in Turkey, is often described abroad as espousing Islamic Democracy.

See also

External link

  • Group of the European People's Party (Christian Democrats) and European Democrats in the European Parliament (http://www.epp-ed.org/)

  Results from FactBites:
NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Christian Democratic Party of Norway (1784 words)
The Christian Democrats follow their European counterparts in many ways, arguing that the state should care for its citizens but not get otherwise economically involved.
The Christian Democratic Party feels that immigrants who do not adopt the values are not likely to contribute positively to the United Kingdom and should not be encouraged to stay.
Christian Democratic Party's view is that if a "guest worker is paying taxes for at least 12 months he should get benefits.
Christian Democrats (Sweden) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (171 words)
The Christian Democrats (Kristdemokraterna) is a political party in Sweden.
The party was founded in the 1960s but did not enter parliament until 1985 in an electoral alliance with the Centre Party and on their own accord in 1991.
Ideologically it is a Nordic Christian Democrat party, having a big part of their voter base among those who belong to free churches - Methodists, Baptists, etc. These churches have many followers in Småland, which is the region where the party is strongest.
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