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Encyclopedia > Christchurch, Dorset
Borough of Christchurch
Shown within Dorset
Within Dorset (above) and the United Kingdom (right).
Geography
Status: Non-metropolitan district, Borough
Region: South West England
Ceremonial county: Dorset
Historic county: Hampshire
Area:
- Total
Ranked 300th
50.38 km²
Admin. HQ: Christchurch
ONS code: 19UC
Post Office and Telephone
Post Code: BH
Post Town: CHRISTCHURCH
Dialling Code: 01202/01425
Demographics
Population:
- Total (2006 est.)
- Density
Ranked 345th
45,000
893 / km²
Ethnicity: 98.9% White
Politics

Christchurch Borough Council
http://www.christchurch.gov.uk/
Leadership: Alternative - Sec.31
Control: Conservative
MP: Christopher Chope

Christchurch is a borough and town in Dorset on the English Channel coast, adjoining Bournemouth in the west, with the New Forest to the east. numbered map of dorset File links The following pages link to this file: Christchurch, Dorset Categories: GFDL images ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (600x800, 11 KB) Summary Description: A blank map of the United Kingdom, with country outline and coastline; contact the author for help with modifications or add-ons Source: Reference map provided by Demis Mapper 6 Date: 2006-21-06 Author: User... Image File history File links Red_pog2. ... Non-metropolitan districts or commonly Shire districts are a type of local government district in England. ... The region, also known as Government Office Region, is currently the highest tier of local government subnational entity of England in the United Kingdom. ... South West England is one of the regions of England. ... The Ceremonial counties of England are areas of England that are appointed a Lord-Lieutenant, and are defined by the government with reference to the metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties of England. ... Dorset (pronounced DOR-sit or [dÉ”.sÉ™t], and sometimes in the past called Dorsetshire) is a county in the south-west of England, on the English Channel coast. ... The historic counties of England are ancient subdivisions of England. ... For other uses, see Hampshire (disambiguation). ... Area is the measure of how much exposed area any two dimensional object has. ... This is a list of districts of England ordered by area. ... To help compare sizes of different geographic regions, we list here areas between 10 km² (1000 hectares) and 100 km² (10,000 hectares). ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... The Office for National Statistics coding system is a hierarchical code used in the United Kingdom for tabulating census and other statistical data. ... For other uses, see Density (disambiguation). ... The figures are mid-year estimates for 2005, unless otherwise stated, from the Office for National Statistics [1]. See also: List of towns and cities in England by population - List of English counties by population - List of ceremonial counties of England by population - List of English districts by area - List... Arms of Christchurch Borough Council. ... The United Kingdom is divided into four parts, England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. ... The Conservative Party (officially the Conservative and Unionist Party) is currently the second largest political party in the United Kingdom in terms of sitting Members of Parliament (MPs), the largest in terms of public membership, and the oldest political party in the United Kingdom. ... This is a list of MPs elected in the UK general election, 2005 to the House of Commons for the Fifty-Fourth Parliament of the United Kingdom at the United Kingdom general election, 2005, arranged by constituency. ... Christopher Robert Chope OBE (born May 19, 1947) British politician and barrister. ... Look up Borough in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Ronda, Spain Main street in Bastrop, Texas, United States, a small town A town is a community of people ranging from a few hundred to several thousands, although it may be applied loosely even to huge metropolitan areas. ... Dorset (pronounced DOR-sit or [dÉ”.sÉ™t], and sometimes in the past called Dorsetshire) is a county in the south-west of England, on the English Channel coast. ... For the Thoroughbred racehorse of the same name, see English Channel (horse). ... , Bournemouth ( ) is a large town and tourist resort, situated on the south coast of England. ... For other uses, see New Forest (disambiguation). ...

Contents

Geography and administration

Although within the historic county boundaries of Hampshire, at the time of the 1974 local government re-organisation it was considered desirable that the whole of what is now called the South East Dorset conurbation, which includes Bournemouth and Poole, should be part of the same county. The current local government district, which has borough status, was formed by the merger of the old borough of Christchurch with part of Ringwood and Fordingbridge Rural District. Since then it has been part of the non-metropolitan county of Dorset. It includes large unurbanised areas, including Bournemouth International Airport, and the parishes of Burton and Hurn. The historic counties of England are ancient subdivisions of England. ... For other uses, see Hampshire (disambiguation). ... Shown within Dorset: the towns of Poole (yellow), Bournemouth (blue) and Christchurch (red) form the main centres of the conurbation, which also spreads into east Dorset to the north and the New Forest district of Hampshire to the east. ... , Bournemouth ( ) is a large town and tourist resort, situated on the south coast of England. ... Poole is a coastal town, port and tourist destination, situated on the shores of the English Channel, in the ceremonial county of Dorset in southern England. ... Non-metropolitan districts or commonly Shire districts are a type of local government district in England. ... Non-metropolitan districts or commonly Shire districts are a type of local government district in England. ... Ringwood and Fordingbridge was a rural district in Hampshire from 1932 to 1974 [1] It was formed by the merger of part of the disbanded Christchurch Rural District along with Ringwood Rural District and Fordingbridge Rural District. ... Dorset (pronounced DOR-sit or [dÉ”.sÉ™t], and sometimes in the past called Dorsetshire) is a county in the south-west of England, on the English Channel coast. ... Bournemouth Airport (IATA code BOH) is an aviation facility about 8 km north east of Bournemouth, England. ... Hurn is a village in south east Dorset, England, situated between the River Stour and River Avon in Christchurch borough, five miles north east of Bournemouth city centre. ...

Christchurch Priory and Keep

Image File history File linksMetadata ChristchurchPrioryandKeep. ... Image File history File linksMetadata ChristchurchPrioryandKeep. ...

History

The town was originally a Saxon settlement called Twyneham (which gives the town's central school its name), from "betweon eam", which meant (the settlement) between two rivers. For other uses, see Anglo-Saxon. ... stephen dew fancies gays n he has a hairy bum Twynham School (also known as Twynham Comprehensive School) is a Comprehensive School in Christchurch, Dorset. ...


During Saxon times the harbour was one of the most important in England as it was easily reached from the continent and boats could enter the harbour and travel up the river Avon all the way to Salisbury. The sheltered harbour and easy access to neighbouring towns also made the area popular with smugglers, culminating in the "Battle of Mudeford" in 1784 between Customs & Excise and the smugglers. There was a Saxon mint (coin) in "Twynam" until just before the Norman Conquest. Her Majestys Customs and Excise (HMCE) was, until April 2005, a department of the British Government in the UK. It was responsible for the collection of Value added tax (VAT), Customs Duties, Excise Duties, and other indirect taxes such as Air Passenger Duty, Climate Change Levy, Insurance Premium Tax... For other uses, see Anglo-Saxon. ... A mint is a facility which manufactures coins for currency. ... Bayeux Tapestry depicting events leading to the Battle of Hastings The Norman Conquest of England was the conquest of the Kingdom of England by William the Conqueror (Duke of Normandy), in 1066 at the Battle of Hastings and the subsequent Norman control of England. ...


Demographics

The borough has a population of 44,869 (according to 2001 figures), of whom a significant proportion are comfortably off senior citizens (33.1% of the population are of retirement age). Indeed, the area of Highcliffe on the borough's eastern boundary possesses the highest percentage of elderly residents in the entire United Kingdom (70%). Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... Statistics Population: Ordnance Survey OS grid reference: SZ214936 Administration District: Christchurch Shire county: Dorset Region: South East England Constituent country: England Sovereign state: United Kingdom Other Ceremonial county: Dorset Historic county: Hampshire Services Police force: Ambulance service: South Western Post office and telephone Post town: CHRISTCHURCH Postal district: BH23 Dialling...


Present day

The Avon and the Stour both enter the sea in Christchurch Harbour. This medium-sized priory and market town is generally regarded as a conservative, slow-paced and popular tourist and retirement destination "where time is pleasant" (according to the town's official description). The older part of the town, dominated by the Priory Church (the longest parish church in England), dates from Saxon times and still retains its Saxon street layout. It is an interesting mixture of picturesque walks, quaint houses, restaurants, public houses and specialist shops, some of which date back to smuggling times. The River Avon is a river in the county of Hampshire in the south of England. ... Sturminster Newton water mill on a July evening. ... Christchurch Harbour is a natural harbour in the county of Dorset, on the south coast of England. ...


In Christchurch there are several reserved buildings including the thatched 14th century Old Court House and the Georgian Red House.

Christchurch Priory
Christchurch Priory

The town centre is dominated by Christchurch Priory and the High Street with its squares and parades containing shopping facilities. Christchurch forms part of the south east Dorset conurbation along with Bournemouth, Poole and adjacent areas of East Dorset. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 371 KB) Summary Christchurch Priory, Christchurch, Dorset, UK. Photo taken by me 2005-09-10. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 371 KB) Summary Christchurch Priory, Christchurch, Dorset, UK. Photo taken by me 2005-09-10. ... Christchurch Priory (Grid reference SZ160925) is a ruined priory in Christchurch, Dorset (formerly in Hampshire), England. ... A conurbation is an urban area comprising a number of cities, towns and villages which, through population growth and expansion, have physically merged to form one continuous built up area. ... , Bournemouth ( ) is a large town and tourist resort, situated on the south coast of England. ... Poole is a coastal town, port and tourist destination, situated on the shores of the English Channel, in the ceremonial county of Dorset in southern England. ... East Dorset is a local government district in Dorset, England. ...


The harbour is a large protected salt marsh protected by a sand bar at the entrance. The harbour is only accessible to shallow draught boats due to the sand bars at the entrance. The entrance, known as the Run, has Mudeford Quay on one side and the sand bar on the other. Considerable tides flow here, up to 6 knots during spring tides. The harbour is a protected wildlife refuge and is home to large populations of swans, waders and other bird life. On the south side the harbour is enclosed by Hengistbury head which was the site of the earliest settlement here dating back to the Neolithic. The landward end of the headland still has the bank and ditch built about 2000BC to protect the settlement.


Stanpit Marsh Local Nature Reserve is situated just below the confluence of the Rivers Avon and Stour. During the 18th century it was notorious for smugglers landing tobacco and rum in the narrow channels of Christchurch Harbour. It comprises areas of saltmarsh, freshwater marsh with reed beds and areas of scrub. It was designated as a Local Nature Reserve in 1964 and in 1986 as a Site of Special Scientific Interest. It is approximately 65 ha in area and is managed by Christchurch Borough Council.


Nearby is Highcliffe Castle, a Grade I listed building. The castle was designed by William Donthorne for Charles Stuart, 1st Baron Stuart de Rothesay, and built between 1831 and 1835. It stands on the site of High Cliff, a Georgian mansion that had belonged to Charles Stuart's grandfather John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute. The Forth Bridge, designed by Sir Benjamin Baker and Sir John Fowler, opened in 1890, and now owned by Network Rail, is designated as a Category A listed building by Historic Scotland. ... William John Donthorne (1799-1859) was a notable English architect of the early 19th century and was one of the founders of what eventually became the Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA). ... Charles Stuart, 1st Baron Stuart de Rothesay (2 January 1779–6 November 1845) was a British diplomat, the son of Lt. ... John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute (May 25, 1713 - March 10, 1792), was a Scottish nobleman who served as Prime Minister of Great Britain (1762-1763) under George III. A close relative of the Campbell clan (his mother was a daughter of the First Duke of Argyll), Bute succeeded to...


The Member of Parliament for the Christchurch constituency is Christopher Chope, who holds a considerable vote majority of 15,559 and a percentage vote of 54.7% following the 2005 general election, making Christchurch one of the safest Conservative constituencies in the country. A Member of Parliament, or MP, is a representative elected by the voters to a parliament. ... Christchurch is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... Christopher Robert Chope OBE (born May 19, 1947) British politician and barrister. ... Barring a change in the law, the next general election in the United Kingdom must be held some time before June 30, 2006. ...


Christchurch is twinned with: Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm, Germany Town twinning is a concept whereby towns or cities in geographically and politically distinct areas are paired with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. ...

Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Aalen (pronounced ) is a town in the German state of Baden-Württemberg. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Belgium_(civil). ... Saint Ghislain (d. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Hungary. ... Tatabánya is a city with county rights in Hungary in the Northern Transdanubian region. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_New_Zealand. ... For other uses, see Christchurch (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Saint-Lô is a town and commune of France, the préfecture (capital) of the Manche département, in Normandy. ...

External links

Coordinates: 50°44′N, 1°47′W Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Dorset - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2784 words)
Dorset borders Devon to the west, Somerset to the north-west, Wiltshire to the north-east and Hampshire to the east.
In the 12th century civil war, Dorset was fortified with the construction of the defensive castles at Corfe Castle, Powerstock, Wareham and Shaftesbury, and the strengthening of the monasteries such as at Abbotsbury.
Dorset is famed in literature for being the native county of author and poet Thomas Hardy.
Christchurch, Dorset - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (565 words)
Christchurch is a town in Dorset, England on the English Channel coast.
Christchurch forms part of the south east Dorset conurbation along with Bournemouth, Poole and the districts of Wimborne and other areas of East Dorset.
The Member of Parliament for Christchurch is Christopher Chope, who holds a considerable vote majority of 15,559 and a percentage vote of 54.7% following the 2005 general election, making Christchurch one of the safest Conservative constituencies in the country.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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