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Encyclopedia > Christchurch
Christchurch
Ōtautahi (Māori)
—  Metropolitan Area  —
Coordinates: 43°31′48″S 172°37′13″E / -43.53, 172.62028
Country  New Zealand
Region Canterbury
Territorial Authority Christchurch City
   
Extent North: to Waimakariri River,
East: entire Banks Peninsula,
West: to Templeton
   
Extent of Urban Area City area, Kaiapoi,
Prebbleton, Rolleston, Lincoln, Rangiora, Lyttelton &
Diamond Harbour
Settled by the UK 1848
Government
 - MayorChristchurch City Bob Parker
 - Regional Council Environment Canterbury
Area
 - Urban 1,426 km² (550.6 sq mi)
 - City 452 km² (174.5 sq mi)
Population (2006 Census)[1]
 - Urban 414,000
 - City 359,900
Time zone NZST (UTC+12)
 - Summer (DST) NZDT (UTC+13)
Website: Christchurch: www.ccc.govt.nz Canterbury Region: www.ecan.govt.nz
Space view of Christchurch and surrounding areas.
View from Sugar-Loaf (Banks Peninsula) towards Christchurch and surrounding areas.

Christchurch (Māori: Ōtautahi) is the regional capital of Canterbury, New Zealand. The largest city in the South Island, it is also the second largest city and third largest urban area of New Zealand. A coastal city, it is situated just north of Banks Peninsula, midway down the South Island's east coast. Christchurch is the name of a number of places: United Kingdom: Christchurch, Cambridgeshire Christchurch, Dorset formerly in Hampshire before reorganisation of counties Christchurch, Gloucestershire Christchurch, Newport Elsewhere: Christchurch, New Zealand Christchurch, Virginia, USA Christ Church (with a space) is a parish of Barbados. ... Māori or Te Reo Māori,[1] commonly shortened to Te Reo (literally the language) functions as one of the official languages of New Zealand. ... Statistics New Zealand defines New Zealand urban areas for statistical purposes. ... File links The following pages link to this file: Christchurch ... This list of countries, arranged alphabetically, gives an overview of countries of the world. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_New_Zealand. ... Regions is the formal term for the top tier of local government in New Zealand. ... The New Zealand region of Canterbury is mainly composed of the Canterbury Plains and the surrounding mountains. ... The Waimakariri River is a river in Canterbury, in the South Island of New Zealand. ... Banks Peninsula has a roughly circular shape, with many bays and two deep harbours. ... Templeton is a town 15 km southwest of Christchurch on State Highway 1. ... Kaiapoi is a town in the Canterbury region of the South Island of New Zealand, located close to the mouth of the Waimakariri River, and approximately 17 kilometres north of Christchurch. ... Lyttelton on a sunny day Lyttelton (43. ... Bob Parker is a former television host and current mayor of Christchurch, New Zealand. ... Canterbury Regional Council uses the promotional name Environment Canterbury or Ecan, and is Canterburys somewhat accident-prone regional authority. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Cities with at least a million inhabitants in 2006 An urban area is an area with an increased density of human-created structures in comparison to the areas surrounding it. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... On November 2, 1868, New Zealand officially adopted a standard time to be observed nationally, and was perhaps the first country to do so. ... Fiji Gilbert Islands, Kiribati Marshall Islands New Zealand (except Chatham Islands) Korsae, Micronesia Nauru Parts of Russia: Kamchatka Oblast Koryakia Autonomous District Chukotka Autonomous District Tuvalu Wake Island Wallis and Futuna External links Find cities currently in UTC+12 Category: ... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... Enderbury, Kiribati (Phoenix Islands Time) Tonga External links Find cities currently in UTC+13 Category: ... Download high resolution version (910x636, 107 KB)Christchurch, New Zealand. ... Download high resolution version (910x636, 107 KB)Christchurch, New Zealand. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 2. ... Banks Peninsula has a roughly circular shape, with many bays and two deep harbours. ... Māori or Te Reo Māori,[1] commonly shortened to Te Reo (literally the language) functions as one of the official languages of New Zealand. ... Region is the formal term for the top tier of local government in New Zealand. ... The New Zealand region of Canterbury is mainly composed of the Canterbury Plains and the surrounding mountains. ... For other uses, see City (disambiguation). ... The South Island The South Island is the larger of the two major islands of New Zealand, the other being the more populous North Island. ... Statistics New Zealand defines New Zealand urban areas for statistical purposes. ... Banks Peninsula has a roughly circular shape, with many bays and two deep harbours. ...


The city was named by the Canterbury Association, which settled the surrounding province of Canterbury. The name of Christchurch was agreed on at the first meeting of the association on 27 March 1848. It was suggested by J.R. Godley, who had attended Christ Church, Oxford. Some early writers called the town "Christ Church", but it was recorded as "Christchurch" in the minutes of the management committee of the association.[2] and of the Christ Church College name Christ Church Latin name Ædes Christi Named after Jesus Christ Established 1546 Sister college Trinity College, Cambridge Dean The Very Revd Christopher Andrew Lewis JCR president Laura Ellis Undergraduates 426 GCR president Tim Benjamin Graduates 154 Location of Christ Church within central Oxford...


The river which flows through the centre of the city (its banks now largely forming an urban park) was named Avon at the request of the pioneering Deans brothers to commemorate the Scottish Avon, which rises in the Ayrshire hills near what was their grandfathers' farm and flows into the Clyde.[2]


The usual Māori name Ōtautahi is a shortened form of Te Whenua o Te Potiki-Tautahi - named for the seasonal dwelling of Ngai Tahu chief Tautahi of Port Levy on a bank of the Avon River near to where the Barbadoes Street bridge now stands.[3] This article is about the Māori people of New Zealand. ... Ngāi Tahu, or Kāi Tahu, is the principal iwi (tribe) of the southern region of New Zealand. ... Port Levy is a long, sheltered bay and settlement on Banks Peninsula in Canterbury, New Zealand. ... The Avon River is a river located in Christchurch, New Zealand. ...

Contents

Geography

Christchurch lies in Canterbury, near the centre of the east coast of the South Island, between Banks Peninsula and the Canterbury Plains. It is located near the southern end of Pegasus Bay, and is bounded to the east by the Pacific Ocean coast and the estuary of the Avon as well as the Heathcote River. To the south and south-east the city is limited by the volcanic slopes of the Port Hills, and to the north by the braided Waimakariri River. The New Zealand region of Canterbury is mainly composed of the Canterbury Plains and the surrounding mountains. ... The South Island The South Island is the larger of the two major islands of New Zealand, the other being the more populous North Island. ... Banks Peninsula has a roughly circular shape, with many bays and two deep harbours. ... Location of the Canterbury Plains The Canterbury Plains is an area bounded by the foothills of the Southern Alps and the east coast of the South Island of New Zealand. ... Location of Pegasus Bay Pegasus Bay is on the east coast of the South Island of New Zealand. ... The Avon River is a river located in Christchurch, New Zealand. ... The Heathcote River lies within the city boundaries of Christchurch, New Zealand. ... The Port Hills are a range of hills running approximately east-west, between the port of Lyttelton and the city of Christchurch in Canterbury, New Zealand. ... The Waimakariri River is a river in Canterbury, in the South Island of New Zealand. ...


Central City

At the centre of the city is Cathedral Square, surrounding the Anglican cathedral, Christ Church. The area around this square and within the four avenues of Christchurch (Bealey Avenue, Fitzgerald Avenue, Moorhouse Avenue and Deans Avenue[4]) is considered the CBD of the city. The central city also has a number of residential areas, including Inner City East, Inner City West, Avon Loop, Moa & Victoria. Cathedral Square in Christchurch, with Christ Church in the background. ... The term Anglican describes those people and churches following the religious traditions of the Church of England, especially following the Reformation. ... Cathedral Square in Christchurch, with Christ Church in the background. ... The Central Business District of Sydney, Australia. ...


Cathedral Square is a popular destination and hosts attractions such as the speakers' corner made famous by the Wizard of New Zealand, Ian Brackenbury Channell. The central city includes the pedestrianised Cashel Street as Christchurch's urban mall. At one end of the mall stands the Bridge Of Remembrance; at the other end the amphitheatre known as the Hack Circle. The Wizard speaking in Cathedral Square during December 2006. ... The Hack Circle as it appeared on October 23, 2006 The Hack Circle or Hack is a nickname given to an amphitheatre in central Christchurch, New Zealand. ...


Inner suburbs

(clockwise, starting north of the city centre)


Mairehau; Shirley; Richmond; Avonside; Linwood; Woolston; Opawa; Waltham; St Martins; Beckenham; Sydenham; Somerfield; Spreydon; Addington; Riccarton; Ilam; Burnside; Fendalton; Bryndwr; Strowan; Merivale; Papanui; St Albans. Mairehau is a suburb of Christchurch, New Zealand. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Richmond is a suburb of Christchurch, New Zealand. ... Avonside is a north eastern suburb of Christchurch, New Zealand. ... Linwood is an inner suburb of the city of Christchurch, New Zealand. ... Christchurch from the Port Hills; Woolston is the northern part of the industrial area in between Woolston is a light industrial and residential suburb of Christchurch in the South Island of New Zealand. ... Opawa is an inner suburb of Christchurch, New Zealand, located 2. ... Waltham is an inner suburb of Christchurch, New Zealand, located two kilometres southeast of the city centre. ... St Martins is an inner suburb of Christchurch, New Zealand, located two kilometres south of the city centre. ... Beckenham is an inner suburb of Christchurch, New Zealand, located three kilometres south of the city centre. ... Sydenham is an inner suburb of Christchurch, New Zealand, located two kilometres south of the city centre, on and around the city’s main street, Colombo Street. ... Somerfield is a suburb in the south of Christchurch, New Zealand. ... Spreydon is a suburb of Christchurch, New Zealand. ... Addington is a major residential suburb of Christchurch, New Zealand. ... Riccarton is a major residential suburb of Christchurch, New Zealand. ... Ilam is a leafy suburb of Christchurch, New Zealand, five kilometres west of the city centre. ... HELLO ... Fendalton is a suburb of Christchurch, in the South Island of New Zealand. ... Bryndwr is a town near Christchurch New Zealand, which has an ironic name due to the local geography being flat and hilless. ... Merivale is a suburb of Christchurch, New Zealand. ... Papanui is a suburb of Christchurch, New Zealand. ... St Albans is a suburb in Christchurch, New Zealand. ...


Outer suburbs

(clockwise, starting north of the city centre)


Marshland; Burwood; Parklands; Waimairi Beach; Avondale; New Brighton; Bexley; Aranui; South Brighton; Southshore; Bromley; Mt Pleasant; Redcliffs; Sumner; Ferrymead; Heathcote Valley; Hillsborough; Murray Aynsley; Huntsbury; Cashmere; Westmorland; Hoon Hay; Halswell; Oaklands; Wigram; Middleton; Sockburn; Hornby; Islington; Templeton; Yaldhurst; Russley; Avonhead; Harewood; Bishopdale; Casebrook; Redwood; Belfast; Brooklands; Burwood is a north western suburb of Christchurch, New Zealand. ... Avondale is the name of suburbs in the cities of Auckland and New Zealand. ... New Brighton is a coastal suburb of Christchurch, New Zealand, located to the east of the city centre. ... The suburb of Bexley is situated in Christchurch East on the west bank of the Avon river approximately one kilometre from the Avon-Heathcoat Estuary. ... Mount Pleasant is the name of many places around the world: // Mount Pleasant (Australian Capital Territory) Mount Pleasant, New South Wales Mount Pleasant (Queensland) Mount Pleasant, South Australia Mount Pleasant, Western Australia Mount Pleasant is the most common community name in Canada[1]. Place names include: Mount Pleasant, Vancouver, British... Redcliffs is an outer coastal suburb of Christchurch, New Zealand. ... Sumner is a coastal seaside village-like suburb of Christchurch, New Zealand. ... Introduction Ferrymead is a suburb in southeast of Christchurch, New Zealand. ... Heathcote Valley is a suburb of Christchurch, New Zealand, dominated by the approaches to the Lyttelton Tunnel , a major arterial pass through the Port Hills that is part of State Highway 74. ... Murray Aynsley is a suburb of Christchurch, New Zealand, located on the fringes of the Port Hills 5 km south-east of the city centre. ... Huntsbury is a suburb of Christchurch, New Zealand, located on the fringes of the Port Hills some three kilometres south of the city centre. ... Rising above the southern end of the city of Christchurch in New Zealand’s South Island is the suburb of Cashmere. ... Westmorland is an outer suburb of Christchurch, New Zealand. ... Halswell is an outer suburb of Christchurch, New Zealand, located in open country nine kilometres southwest of the city centre on State Highway 75. ... Wigram is a suburb of Christchurch, New Zealand. ... Hornby is a major residential and retail suburb at the western edge of Christchurch, New Zealand. ... Templeton is a town 15 km southwest of Christchurch on State Highway 1. ... , New Zeal Bishopdale is a residential suburb located in the north of Christchurch, New Zealand. ... Redwood is a suburb of Tawa, Wellington, New Zealand. ... Belfast is a suburb of Christchurch, New Zealand. ... Brooklands, New Zealand is a little settlement near the mouth of a river. ...


Satellite towns

(clockwise, starting south of the city centre)


Lyttelton; Tai Tapu; Lincoln; Prebbleton; Rolleston; West Melton; Rangiora; Kaiapoi. Lyttelton on a sunny day Lyttelton (43. ... Lincoln is a town in the Canterbury region of the South Island of New Zealand. ... Rolleston is a satellite town of Christchurch, located next to State Highway 1 on the Canterbury Plains in the South Island of New Zealand. ... West Melton in New Zealand is a satellite town of Christchurch. ... “Rangiora” redirects here. ... Kaiapoi is a town in the Canterbury region of the South Island of New Zealand, located close to the mouth of the Waimakariri River, and approximately 17 kilometres north of Christchurch. ...


Climate

Overview

Christchurch has a temperate climate, with maximum temperatures in January ranging from 15 °C to 25 °C (59–77 °F) (often reaching 30 °C/86 °F or higher), and maximum temperatures in July ranging from 5 °C to 15 °C (41–59 °F). The summer climate is often moderated by a sea breeze from the northeast, but a record temperature of 41.6 °C (107 °F) was reached in February 1973. A notable feature of the weather is the nor'wester, a hot föhn wind that occasionally reaches storm force, causing widespread minor damage to property.[5] For the usage in virology, see temperate (virology). ... For other uses, see Sea Breeze. ... For other uses, see Celsius (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Fahrenheit (disambiguation). ... The Norwest arch is a weather pattern peculiar to the east coast of New Zealands South Island. ... A föhn wind or foehn wind occurs when a deep layer of prevailing wind is forced over a mountain range (Orographic lifting). ... For other uses, see Storm (disambiguation). ...


In winter it is common for the temperature to fall below 0 °C (32 °F) at night. There are on average 70 days of ground frost per year.[6] Snow falls occur on average once or twice a year in the hill suburbs and about once or twice every two years on the plain.


On cold winter nights, the surrounding hills, clear skies, and frosty calm conditions often combine to form a stable inversion layer above the city that traps vehicle exhausts and smoke from domestic fires to cause smog. While not as bad as smog in Los Angeles or Mexico City, Christchurch smog has often exceeded World Health Organisation recommendations for air pollution.[7] The city has funding available to upgrade domestic home heating systems, and in order to limit air pollution has banned the use of open fires as of 1st January 2006. By 2008, woodburners more than 15 years old will be prohibited.[8] Frost on black pipes Frost is a solid deposition of water vapor from saturated air. ... A temperature inversion is a meteorological phenomenon where air temperature increases with height. ... For other uses, see Smog (disambiguation). ... Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ... Mexico City (in Spanish: Ciudad de México, México, D.F. or simply México) is the capital city of Mexico. ... For other meanings of the acronym WHO, see WHO (disambiguation) WHO flag Headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, the World Health Organization (WHO) is an agency of the United Nations, acting as a coordinating authority on international public health. ... Air pollution is the modification of the natural characteristics of the atmosphere by a chemical, particulate matter, or biological agent. ...


Temperatures

Weather averages for Christchurch
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 22.5 (73) 22.2 (72) 20.4 (69) 17.8 (64) 14.6 (58) 11.7 (53) 11.3 (52) 12.4 (54) 14.9 (59) 17.4 (63) 19.2 (67) 21.2 (70) 17.1 (63)
Average low °C (°F) 12.2 (54) 12.1 (54) 10.6 (51) 7.7 (46) 4.5 (40) 2.1 (36) 1.9 (35) 2.9 (37) 5.1 (41) 7.2 (45) 8.9 (48) 10.9 (52) 7.2 (45)
Precipitation mm (inch) 42 (1.7) 39 (1.5) 54 (2.1) 54 (2.1) 56 (2.2) 66 (2.6) 79 (3.1) 69 (2.7) 47 (1.9) 53 (2.1) 44 (1.7) 49 (1.9) 648 (25.5)
Source: NIWA Science climate data[9]

Structure

Boatsheds on the Avon River

Demographics

On 6 March 2004, the area administered by the Christchurch City Council had a population of 344,100, making it the second-largest in New Zealand, and the largest city in the South Island. The Christchurch urban area is the third-largest in the country by population, after Auckland and Wellington. is the 65th day of the year (66th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The South Island The South Island is the larger of the two major islands of New Zealand, the other being the more populous North Island. ... For other uses, see Auckland (disambiguation). ... For the first Duke of Wellington, see Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington. ...


The following table shows the ethnic profile of Christchurch's population, as recorded in the 2001 and 2006 New Zealand Census. The percentages add up to more than 100%, as some people counted themselves as belonging to more than one ethnic group. Figures for 2006 refer to just Christchurch City, not the whole urban area. The substantial percentage drop in the numbers of 'Europeans' was mainly caused by the increasing numbers of people from this group choosing to define themselves as 'New Zealanders' - even though this was not one of the groups listed on the census form. The New Zealand government Department Statistics New Zealand conducts a census of population and dwellings every five years. ...

Ethnic Group 2001 (%) 2001 (people)[10] 2006 (%) 2006 (people)[11]
European 89.8 291,594 75.4 255,366
'New Zealanders' n/a n/a 12.9 43,671
Asian 5.5 17,703 7.9 26,631
Māori 7.2 23,421 7.6 25,725
Pacific Island 2.4 7,713 2.8 9,465
Middle East/Latin America/Africa n/a n/a 0.8 2,862
Others 0.6 2,073 0.0 114
Total giving their ethnicity 324,666 (individuals) 338,748 (individuals)

The 2006 Census also provides information about the multilinguality of the region. Accordingly, 283,986 people in Christchurch City spoke one language only, while 37,947 spoke two, and 7,881 could converse in three or more languages.[11] For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... Asian people[1] is a demonym for people from Asia. ... This article is about the Māori people of New Zealand. ... Pacific Islands (or Pacific Person, pl: Pacific People, also called Oceanic[s]), is a geographic term used in several places, such as New Zealand and the United States, to describe the inhabitants of any of the three major sub-regions of Oceania. ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... Latin America consists of the countries of South America and some of North America (including Central America and some the islands of the Caribbean) whose inhabitants mostly speak Romance languages, although Native American languages are also spoken. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... The term multilingualism can refer to rather different phenomena. ...


Economy

The agricultural industry has always been the economic core of Christchurch. The city has long had industry based on the surrounding farming country. PGG Wrightson, New Zealand's leading agribusiness, is based in Christchurch. Its local roots go back to Pyne Gould Guinness an old stock and station agency serving the South Island. That firm helped take deer farming techniques abroad. PGG Wrightson's overseas diversification includes dairy farming in Uruguay. Image File history File links Question_book-3. ...


Other agribusineses in Christchurch have included malting, seed development and dressing, wool and meat processing, and small biotechnology operations using byproducts from meat works.


Dairying has grown strongly in the surrounding areas with high world prices for milk products and the use of irrigation to lift grass growth on dry land. With its higher labour use this has helped stop declines in rural population. Many cropping and sheep farms have been converted to dairying. Conversions have been by agribusiness companies as well as by farmers, many of whom have moved south from North Island dairying strongholds such as Taranaki and the Waikato.


Cropping has always been important in the surrounding countryside. Wheat and barley and various strains of clover and other grasses for seed exporting have been the main crops. These have all created processing businesses in Christchurch.


In recent years, regional agriculture has diversified, with a thriving wine industry springing up at Waipara, and beginnings of new horticulture industries such as olive production and processing.Deer farming has led to new processing using antlers for Asian medicine and aphrodisiacs. The high quality local wine in particular has increased the appeal of Canterbury and Christchurch to tourists.


In earlier years, Christchurch was one of the two heavy-engineering centres of New Zealand, with firms such as Anderson's making steel work for bridges, tunnels, and hydro-electric dams in the early days of infrastructure work. Now manufacturing is mainly of light products and the key market is Australia, with firms such as those pioneered by the Stewart family among the larger employers.


Before clothing manufacture largely moved to Asia, Christchurch was the centre of the New Zealand clothing industry, with firms such as LWR Industries. The firms that remain mostly design and market, and manufacture in Asia. The city also had five footwear manufacturers, but these have been replaced by imports.


In the last few decades, technology-based industries have sprung up in Christchurch. Sir Angus Tait founded Tait Electronics, a mobile-radio manufacturer, and other firms spun off from this, such as Dennis Chapman's Swichtec. Tait proteges include Chapman. In software, Sir Gil Simpson founded LINC, which became Jade. Neither Sir Angus nor Sir Gil completed high school education.


However, there have been spin-offs from the electrical department of the University of Canterbury engineering school. These included Pulse Data, which became Human Ware ( making reading devices and computers for blind people and those with limited vision) and CES Communications (encryption). The Pulse Data founders had moved from the Canterbury University engineering school to work for Wormald when they set up Pulse Data through a management buyout of their division.


Nowadays, the University of Canterbury engineering school and computer science department play an important role in supplying staff and research for the technology industries, and the Christchurch Polytechnic Institute of Technology provides a flow of trained technicians and engineers. Similarly, nearby Lincoln University has played an important role in Christchurch agribusiness.


Tourism is also a significant factor of the local economy. The closeness of the ski-fields and other attractions of the Southern Alps, and hotels, a casino, and an airport that meet international standards make Christchurch a stopover destination for many tourists. Many Australian tourists fly to Christchurch to use New Zealand skifields.[citation needed] The city is also popular with Japanese tourists,[12] with signage around Cathedral Square in Japanese, and some local churches being popular for weddings of Japanese couples, followed by honeymoons in Queenstown.[citation needed] Tourist redirects here. ... A shaped, twin-tip alpine ski. ... The Southern Alps is a mountain range which runs along the western side of the South Island of New Zealand. ... A honeymoon is the traditional trip taken by newlyweds to celebrate their marriage with seclusion and sexual intimacy. ... For other places with the same name, see Queenstown (disambiguation). ...


Government

Christchurch's local government is a democracy with various elements including: Local governments are administrative offices that are smaller than a state or province. ...

  • City council, comprising the Mayor of Christchurch, and 13 councillors elected in seven wards.
  • Community boards (6), each covering one ward, with five members each plus the two ward councillors. The Banks Peninsula Ward has 2 community boards with five members each, plus the ward councillor, who is also a member of each Board.
  • District councils in surrounding areas: Selwyn, and Waimakariri. The Banks Peninsula district council was amalgamated into Christchurch City in March 2006 after a vote by the Banks Peninsula residents to disestablish in November 2005.
  • Canterbury Regional Council, known as 'Environment Canterbury', including four Christchurch constituencies with two members from each constituency.[13]
  • District Health Board (Canterbury), with five members for Christchurch.[14]

In 1993, Christchurch was selected as the "Best Run City in the World", also known as the 'Carl Bertelsmann Prize: Local Government', by the Bertelsmann Foundation of Germany. Especially noted was the increased efficiency of communal services in competition with private enterprises. Christchurch shared the award honour with Phoenix, Arizona, USA.[15] A city council is the most common style of legislative government in a city or town. ... The Mayor of Christchurch is the head of the municipal government of Christchurch, New Zealand, and presides over the Christchurch City Council. ... Banks Peninsula has a roughly circular shape, with many bays and two deep harbours. ... The District Councils (區議會 and formerly District Boards) are district organizations in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR). ... The Selwyn district is located just outside Christchurch on the South Island of New Zealand. ... The Waimakariri District of New Zealand is located on South Island, on the eastern coast. ... Banks Peninsula has a roughly circular shape, with many bays and two deep harbours. ... Canterbury Regional Council uses the promotional name Environment Canterbury or Ecan, and is Canterburys somewhat accident-prone regional authority. ... District Health Boards in New Zealand are health management units accountable to the Ministry of Health. ... The Bertelsmann Foundation (German: Bertelsmann Stiftung) is the largest[1] private operating non-profit foundation in Germany, created in 1977 by the Reinhard Mohn of the Bertelsmann and Mohn families (the Bertelsmann family being the founders of the Bertelsmann publishing conglomerate). ... Nickname: Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State County Maricopa Incorporated February 25, 1881 Government  - Type Council-Manager  - Mayor Phil Gordon (D) Area  - City  515. ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized...


Education

Further information: List of schools in Canterbury, New Zealand#Christchurch City

Canterbury is a region in the South Island of New Zealand. ...

Secondary schools

Christchurch is well-known for several very traditional schools of the English public school type, such as Christchurch Boys' High School, Christ's College, St Andrew's, St. Bede's College, Villa Maria College, St. Margaret's College and Rangi Ruru Girls' School, but also has several less conventional schools such as Unlimited paenga tawhiti and Hagley Community College. Christchurch is also the location of Burnside High School, well known for its specialist music programme, and the second largest school in New Zealand with 2,650 pupils.[16] An independent school in the United Kingdom is a school relying, for all of its funding, upon private sources, so almost invariably charging school fees. ... CBHS vs. ... Christs College Christs College, Dining Hall, as seen from Rolleston Avenue Christs College, Canterbury is an independent, boys-only, Anglican secondary school in Christchurch, New Zealand. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Rangi Ruru Girls School is a mixed day and boarding school in Christchurch, New Zealand for girls aged 11 (Year 7) to 18 (Year 13). ... Unlimited paenga tawhiti is a relatively new state secondary school located in the city centre of Christchurch, New Zealand. ... Burnside High School (BHS) (Called Waimairi-iri in Maori), the second biggest high school in New Zealand with over 2600 students, is located in Burnside in Christchurch, New Zealand. ...


Tertiary institutions

A number of tertiary education institutions have campuses in Christchurch, or in the surrounding areas.

Christchurch Brill Tram No 178 on the heritage tramway

This page is about the New Zealand university. ... Lincoln University is New Zealands second newest university, formed in 1990 when Lincoln College, Canterbury was made independent of the University of Canterbury. ... Christchurch Polytechnic Institute of Technology is a school located in Christchurch, New Zealand. ... The Christchurch School of Medicine and Health Sciences is one of three medical schools that make up the Faculty of Medicine at the University of Otago. ...

Transport

Christchurch is served by Christchurch International Airport and by buses (local and long-distance) and trains. The local bus service, known as Metro, is provided by Environment Canterbury. The car, however, remains the dominant form of transport. The central city has very flat terrain and the City Council are establishing a network of cycle lanes on roads. Christchurch International Airport (IATA: CHC, ICAO: NZCH) is the main airport that serves Christchurch, New Zealand. ... The New Zealand region of Canterbury is mainly composed of the Canterbury Plains and the surrounding mountains. ...


There is a functioning tram service in Christchurch, but as a tourist attraction, its loop is restricted to a circuit of the central city. The trams were originally introduced in 1905, ceased operating in 1954,[17] but returned to the inner city (as a tourist attraction) in 1995. In addition to nomal bus services, Christchurch also has a pioneering zero-fare hybrid bus service, the Shuttle, in the inner city. Zero-fare public transport services are funded in full by means other than collecting a fare from passengers. ... For other types of Hybrid Transportation, see Hybrid (disambiguation)#Transportation. ...

See also: Public transport in Christchurch

The Main North Line railway travels northwards via Kaikoura to Picton and is served by the famous TranzCoastal passenger train, while the Main South Line heads to Invercargill via Dunedin and was used by the Southerner until its cancellation in 2002. The most famous train to depart Christchurch is the TranzAlpine, which travels along the Main South Line to Rolleston and then turns onto the Midland Line, passes through the Southern Alps via the Otira Tunnel, and terminates in Greymouth on the West Coast. This trip is often regarded to be one of the ten great train journeys in the world for the amazing scenery through which it passes. The TranzAlpine service is primarily a tourist service and carries no significant commuter traffic. Commuter trains used to operate in Christchurch but were progressively cancelled in the 1960s and 1970s. The last such service, between Christchurch and Rangiora, ceased in 1976. Metro logo Public transport in Christchurch, New Zealand is mainly by bus services operated by three bus companies and jointly marketed as Metro. ... Kaikoura is a town on the east coast of the South Island of New Zealand. ... A view of the harbour in Picton. ... The TranzCoastal is a long-distance passenger train between Picton and Christchurch in the South Island of New Zealand. ... The Main South Line is half of the South Island Main Trunk Railway in New Zealand and runs south from Lyttelton through Christchurch and down the east coast of the South Island to Invercargill via Dunedin. ... Cnr of Esk and Dee Streets, looking up Esk st, one of the main shopping streets of Invercargill. ... Dunedin (ÅŒtepoti in Maori) is the second-largest city in the South Island of New Zealand, and the principal city of the region of Otago. ... The Southerner was a famous passenger express train that ran in New Zealands South Island along the Main South Line between Christchurch and Invercargill via Dunedin. ... The TranzAlpine, hauled by two DC class locomotives skirting the Waimakariri River The TranzAlpine is a passenger train service operated by Tranz Scenic on the South Island of New Zealand. ... Rolleston is a satellite town of Christchurch, Located next to State highway 1 on the Canterbury Plains in the South Island of New Zealand. ... The Midland line is a famous 212 km section of railway between Christchurch (Rolleston) and Greymouth in New Zealand. ... The Southern Alps is a mountain range which runs along the western side of the South Island of New Zealand. ... The Otira tunnel is a major railway tunnel on the Midland Line in the South Island of New Zealand between Otira and Arthurs Pass. ... Greymouth is the largest town in the West Coast region on the South Island of New Zealand, and the seat of the Grey District Council. ... The West Coast is one of the administrative regions of New Zealand, located on the west coast of the South Island, and is one of the more remote and most sparsely populated areas of the country. ... Rangiora may refer to the following: Rangiora, an endemic New Zealand plant. ...


History

// Probably no more than 500 Māori were living in Canterbury when European settlement began in the 1840s. ...

Overview

Archeological evidence found in a cave at Redcliffs in 1876 has indicated that the Christchurch area was first settled by moa-hunting tribes about 1250. Māori oral history relates that humans occupied the area around the year 1000. These first inhabitants were thought to have been followed by the Waitaha tribe, who are said to have migrated from the East coast of the North Island in the 16th century. Following tribal warfare, the Waitaha (made of three peoples) were dispossessed by the Ngati Mamoe tribe. They were in turn subjugated by the Ngai Tahu tribe, who remained in control until the arrival of European settlers. Redcliffs is an outer coastal suburb of Christchurch, New Zealand. ... Genera Anomalopteryx (bush moa) Euryapteryx Megalapteryx (upland moa) Dinornis (giant moa) Emeus Pachyornis Moa were giant flightless birds native to New Zealand. ... This article is about the Māori people of New Zealand. ... Waitaha is a Māori iwi. ... Kāi Mamoe, or Ngāti Mamoe, is a Māori iwi. ... Ngāi Tahu, or Kāi Tahu, is the principal iwi (tribe) of the southern region of New Zealand. ...


Following the purchase of land at Putaringamotu (modern Riccarton) by the Weller brothers whalers of Otago and Sydney a party of European settlers led by Herriott and McGillivray established themselves in what is now the Christchurch area, early in 1840. Their abandoned holdings were taken over by the Deans brothers in 1843 who stayed. The First Four Ships were chartered by the Canterbury Association and arrived on 16 December 1850, bringing the first 792 of the Canterbury Pilgrims to Lyttelton Harbour. These sailing vessels were the Randolph, Charlotte-Jane, Sir George Seymour, and Cressy. The Canterbury Pilgrims had aspirations of building a city around a cathedral and college, on the model of Christ Church in Oxford.[18] The name "Christ Church" was decided prior to the ships' arrival, at the Association's first meeting, on 27 March 1848. The Weller brothers, Englishmen of Sydney and Otago, New Zealand, were the founders of a whaling station on Otago Harbour and New Zealand’s most substantial merchant traders in the 1830s. ... Otago (help· info) is one of the regions of New Zealand and lies in the south-east of the South Island. ... This article is about the metropolitan area in Australia. ... Plaque commemorating the first meeting of the Canterbury Association The Canterbury Association was formed in order to establish a colony in what is now the Canterbury Region in the South Island of New Zealand. ... is the 350th day of the year (351st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the game, see: 1850 (board game) 1850 (MDCCCL) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday [1] of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Lyttelton on a sunny day Lyttelton (43. ... Randolph was a 664-ton ship-rigged merchant vessel constructed in 1849 in Sunderland. ... The Charlotte-Jane was one of the first four ships in 1850 to carry emigrants from England to the new colony of Canterbury in New Zealand. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Cressy was one of the first four ships in 1850 to carry emigrants from England to the new colony of Canterbury in New Zealand. ... and of the Christ Church College name Christ Church Latin name Ædes Christi Named after Jesus Christ Established 1546 Sister college Trinity College, Cambridge Dean The Very Revd Christopher Andrew Lewis JCR president Laura Ellis Undergraduates 426 GCR president Tim Benjamin Graduates 154 Location of Christ Church within central Oxford... This article is about the city of Oxford in England. ... is the 86th day of the year (87th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1848 (MDCCCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


Captain Thomas, the Canterbury Association's Chief Surveyor, surveyed the surrounding area. By December 1849 he had commissioned the construction of a road from Port Cooper, later Lyttelton, to Christchurch via Sumner.[citation needed] However this proved more difficult than expected and road construction was stopped while a steep foot and pack horse track was constructed over the hill between the port and the Heathcote valley, where access to the site of the proposed settlement could be gained. This track became known as the Bridle Path, because the path was so steep that pack horses needed to be led by the bridle.[19] Lyttelton on a sunny day Lyttelton (43. ... Sumner is a coastal seaside village-like suburb of Christchurch, New Zealand. ... A packhorse, pack horse or pack pony is a horse or pony used for carrying goods in sidebags or panniers. ... The Bridle Path is a track which connects Christchurch and Lyttelton in the South Island of New Zealand. ...


Goods that were too heavy or bulky to be transported by pack horse over the Bridle Path were shipped by small sailing vessels some eight miles (13 km) by water around the coast and up the estuary to Ferrymead. New Zealand's first public railway line, the Ferrymead railway, opened from Ferrymead to Christchurch in 1863. Due to the difficulties in travelling over the Port Hills and the dangers associated with shipping navigating the Sumner bar, a railway tunnel was bored through the Port Hills to Lyttelton, opening in 1867.[20] Introduction Ferrymead is a suburb in southeast of Christchurch, New Zealand. ... Introduction The Ferrymead Railway is a New Zealand heritage railway built upon the formation of New Zealands first public railway, the line from Ferrymead to Christchurch, which opened in 1863. ... The Port Hills are a range of hills running approximately east-west, between the port of Lyttelton and the city of Christchurch in Canterbury, New Zealand. ...


Christchurch became a city by Royal Charter on 31 July 1856, the first in New Zealand. Many of the city's Gothic buildings by architect Benjamin Mountfort date from this period. For the ship of the same name, see Royal Charter (ship). ... is the 212th day of the year (213th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1856 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... The western facade of Reims Cathedral, France. ... Benjamin Mountfort around 1875. ...


Christchurch was the seat of provincial administration for the Province of Canterbury. (For the current top-level subdivision of Canterbury in New Zealand, see Canterbury, New Zealand) The Canterbury Province was a province of New Zealand from 1853 until the abolition of provincial government in 1876. ...


In 1947, New Zealand's worst fire disaster occurred at Ballantyne's Department Store in the inner city, with 41 people killed in a blaze which razed the rambling collection of buildings.[21]


The Lyttelton Road Tunnel between Lyttelton and Christchurch was opened in 1964.[22] The Lyttelton Road Tunnel links the New Zealand cities of Christchurch and Lyttelton. ...


Christchurch was also host to the 1974 British Commonwealth Games. {{Commonwealth Games | Name = 10th British Commonwealth Games | Logo = 10th British Commonwealth Games- Christchurch 1974. ...


Gateway to the Antarctic

Statue of Robert Falcon Scott created by his widow, Kathleen Scott.

Christchurch has a history of involvement in Antarctic exploration -- both Robert Falcon Scott and Ernest Shackleton used the port of Lyttelton as a departure point for expeditions, and there is a statue of Scott, sculpted by his widow, in the central city. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 439 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (2033 × 2774 pixel, file size: 946 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Christchurch Metadata This file contains additional... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 439 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (2033 × 2774 pixel, file size: 946 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Christchurch Metadata This file contains additional... Antarctica has no indigenous population, and so the human history of Antarctica does not begin until the 19th century, when the continent was first seen. ... Scott of the Antarctic redirects here. ... Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton CVO, OBE (15 February 1874 – 5 January 1922) was an Anglo-Irish explorer who was knighted for the success of the 1907-09 British Antarctic Expedition under his command. ...


Christchurch International Airport serves as the major base for the Italian and United States Antarctic programs as well as the New Zealand Antarctic programme. The International Antarctic Centre provides both base facilities and a museum and visitor centre. The United States Navy and latterly the United States Air National Guard, augmented by the New Zealand and Australian air forces, use Christchurch Airport as take-off for the main supply route to McMurdo and Scott Bases in Antarctica. The Clothing Distribution Center (CDC) in Christchurch, has more than 140,000 pieces of extreme cold weather (ECW) gear for issue to nearly 2,000 U.S. Antarctic Program (USAP) participants in the 2007-08 season.[23] Christchurch International Airport (IATA: CHC, ICAO: NZCH) is the main airport that serves Christchurch, New Zealand. ... The International Antarctic Centre is located in Christchurch, New Zealand, Just across from Christchurch International Airport. ... Categories: Stub | United States | Antarctica ...


Famous people

Scribe is the stage name of New Zealand rapper Malo Luafutu. ... John Kenton Britten (August 1, 1950–September 5, 1995) was a New Zealand mechanical engineer who designed a world-record-setting motorcycle with innovative features which were years ahead of contemporary design. ... Don Estelle (May 22, 1933 - August 2, 2003) was born in Rochdale in Lancashire, and was a British actor and singer. ... There have been the following people named George Forbes. ... A New Zealander, long resident in France, Jeffrey Grice has performed regularly in Europe and France as a soloist and chamber musician. ... Sir Richard John Hadlee MBE (born July 3, 1951) is a former New Zealand cricketer. ... Sir Charles William Feilden Hamilton (July 26, 1899 _ March 30, 1978), commonly known as Bill Hamilton, was a New Zealander who developed the modern jetboat. ... A rider on a Yamaha Waverunner XL performing a high-speed turn A jetboat is a boat propelled by a jet of water ejected from the back of the craft. ... Emma Harrison is a fashion model and actress. ... This article is about an Australian soap opera. ... Sir Sidney George Holland, GCMG, CH, (October 18, 1893-August 5, 1961) was Prime Minister of New Zealand from December 13, 1949 to September 20, 1957. ... Philip John Keoghan () (born May 31, 1967) is a New Zealand-born television personality, best known for hosting The Amazing Race on CBS, since its 2001 debut . ... This article is about the reality show format in general. ... Keri Hulme is a New Zealand writer, best known for her debut (and to this point, only) novel, The bone people. ... Roy Patrick Kerr (1934- ) is a New Zealand born mathematician who is best known for discovering the famous Kerr vacuum, an exact solution to the Einstein field equation of general relativity, which models the gravitational field outside an uncharged rotating massive object, or even a rotating black hole. ... A rotating black hole (Kerr black hole or Kerr-Newman black hole) is a black hole that possesses angular momentum. ... Norman Eric Kirk served as Prime Minister of New Zealand from 1972 until his sudden death in 1974 and led the New Zealand Labour Party from 1965 to 1972. ... Elsie Locke (17 August 1912 - 8 April 2001) was a New Zealand writer, feminist and socialist. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Ngaio Marsh DBE (April 23, 1895 - February 18, 1982), born Edith Ngaio Marsh was an author and theatre director from New Zealand. ... Andrew Philip Mehrtens MNZM (born 28 April 1973 in Durban, South Africa) is a New Zealand rugby union footballer who has been one of the top fly-halves (or first five-eighths) in the world since the advent of the sports professional era in the mid-1990s. ... First international Australia 3 - 22 New Zealand (15 August 1903) Largest win New Zealand 145 - 17 Japan (4 June 1995) Worst defeat Australia 28 - 7 New Zealand (28 August 1999) World Cup Appearances 6 (First in 1987) Best result Champions, 1987 All Black redirects here. ... For other uses, see Rugby (disambiguation). ... Max Merritt (born in Christchurch, New Zealand on 30 April 1941 is a New Zealand-born singer, songwriter and musician who is renowed for his prowess as an interpreter of soul music and R&B. He rose to prominence in New Zealand in the late 1950s and early 1960s before... This page is about the New Zealand politician and Director-General of the World Trade Organization. ... Richard Pearse Richard William Pearse (3 December 1877 — 29 July 1953), a New Zealand farmer and inventor, performed pioneering experiments in aviation. ... Briolette Kah Bic Runga (born 13 January 1976) MNZM is a New Zealand singer-songwriter whose first solo album, Drive, debuted at number one in the New Zealand charts, and has since become one of the highest-selling New Zealand artists of our time. ... Katherine Wilson Sheppard (10 March 1848 – 13 July 1934) was the most prominent member of New Zealands womens suffrage movement, and is the countrys most famous suffragette. ... Womens suffrage in New Zealand was an important political issue at the turn of the 19th century. ... Sir Angus Tait, KNZM, (born 26 July 1919) is a New Zealand electronics innovator and businessman. ... I believe he was a New zealander from the Christchurch area ... Deon Rexroat of Anberlin. ... Uriah Heep are an English rock band, formed in December 1969 when record producer Gerry Bron invited keyboardist Ken Hensley (previously a member of The Gods and Toe Fat) to join Spice, a band signed to his own Bronze Records label. ... Yulia on the cover of her album Into The West Yulia Townsend or simply Yulia is a Russian-born New Zealand crossover singer. ... Charles Upham Captain Charles Hazlitt Upham VC and bar (September 21, 1908 – November 22, 1994) was a New Zealand soldier who won the Victoria Cross twice during the Second World War: in Crete in May 1941, and at Ruweisat Ridge, Egypt, in July 1942. ... For other uses, see Victoria Cross (disambiguation). ... David Warbeck (born 17 November 1941 in Christchurch, New Zealand-died 23 July 1997 in London, England) is an actor best known for his film roles throughout Europe. ... Sir Miles Warren ONZ KBE (born in Christchurch in 1929) is a New Zealand architect. ... Kate Webb (1943 - May 13, 2007) was a New Zealand born Australian foreign correspondent for UPI and Agence France Presse. ... Hayley Dee Westenra (born 10 April 1987 in Christchurch)[1] is a New Zealand soprano of Irish heritage. ... Anthony (Tony) Frederick Wilding (born October 31, 1883 in Christchurch, New Zealand – died May 9, 1915 near Neuve-Chapelle, Pas-de-Calais, France) was a champion tennis player and a soldier killed in action during World War I. He was the World No. ... The Championships, Wimbledon, commonly referred to as Wimbledon, is the oldest major championship in tennis and is widely considered to be the most prestigious. ... For other uses, see Tennis (disambiguation). ... The Wizard speaking in Cathedral Square during December 2006. ...

Visitor attractions

Cathedral Square in Christchurch, with Christ Church in the background.
The Christchurch Art Gallery
  • Garden and Parks;
    • Botanical Gardens
    • Hagley Park
    • Mona Vale
    • Riccarton House and Bush
  • Canterbury Museum
  • Ferrymead Heritage Park
  • Orana Wildlife Park
  • Willowbank Wildlife Reserve
  • Air Force Museum
  • Southern Encounter Aquarium and Kiwi House
  • International Antarctic Centre
  • Christ Church (the Anglican cathedral), the centre of the Church of England settlement was built between 1864 and 1910.
  • The Roman Catholic Cathedral, consecrated in 1905, is widely considered to be the finest renaissance-style building in Australasia.
  • Christchurch Art Gallery (A new gallery opened 2003 to replace the 1930 Robert McDougall Art Gallery situated in the Botanic Gardens).
  • The Christchurch Arts Centre, formerly Canterbury College and the site of "Ernest Rutherford's Den".
  • The Provincial Council Chambers, 1857 - 1865.
  • The Timeball Station in Lyttelton.
  • The New Brighton pier.
  • Heathcote (Christchurch) Gondola
  • Punting on the river Avon
  • Nga Hau E Wha Marae
  • The Summit Road along the top of the Port Hills and Godley Head Road provides numerous spectacular views of the area and features the buildings created as wayside rests, the Sign of the Takahe (now a function centre) and Sign of the Kiwi. The Mt Pleasant Trig offers 360° views from Lyttelton Harbour back over the hills to the southern alps and the city, and out over Pegasus Bay.
  • Walkways including Victoria Park, the Bridle Path and Whitewash Head, a bird sanctuary.
  • Mountain Biking on the Port Hills and Bottle Lake Forest. Christchurch Mountainbiking
  • There is a large nesting colony of spotted shags immediately south of Christchurch.

Download high resolution version (1024x680, 109 KB)Cathedral Square in Christchurch. ... Download high resolution version (1024x680, 109 KB)Cathedral Square in Christchurch. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 278 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Christchurch Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 278 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Christchurch Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used... Ferrymead Heritage Park is a historical museum consisting of the diverse interests of a number of groups with common historical themes, the most frequent of which is transport. ... Cathedral Square in Christchurch, with Christ Church in the background. ... For other uses, see Cathedral (disambiguation). ... The Church of England logo since 1996. ... Francis Petre Listen to this article · (info) This audio file was created from the revision dated 2005-05-04, and does not reflect subsequent edits to the article. ... The Christchurch Arts Centre The Christchurch Arts Centre is a hub for arts, crafts and entertainment in Christchurch. ... Ernest Rutherford Ernest Rutherford, 1st Baron Rutherford of Nelson, PC, OM, FRS (August 30, 1871 – October 19, 1937), was a New Zealand nuclear physicist. ... The timeball at Greenwich is shown in the top right of picture A time ball is a large painted wooden or metal ball that drops at a predetermined time, principally to enable sailors to set their chronometers. ... Lyttelton on a sunny day Lyttelton (43. ... New Brighton is a coastal suburb of Christchurch, New Zealand, located to the east of the city centre. ... The Sign of the Takahe The Sign of the Takahe is today a glamourous function centre and tea rooms built in the style of an English Manor House. ... This page may meet Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... Mountain biker riding in the Arizona desert. ... Bottle Lake Forest in early summer Bottle Lake Forest is a production forest and recreational park located in Christchurch, New Zealand, approximately 10 km north-east of the city centre. ... Binomial name Phalacrocorax punctatus (Sparrman, 1786) The Spotted Shag or Parekareka (Phalacrocorax punctatus, also occasionally called the Spotted Cormorant) is an attractive species of the family Phalacrocoracidae found only in New Zealand. ...

Entertainment

Parks & Nature

The large number of public parks and well-developed residential gardens with many trees has given Christchurch the name of The Garden City.[24] Hagley Park and the 30-hectare (75 acre) Christchurch Botanic Gardens, founded in 1863, are in the central city, with Hagley Park being a site for sports such as golf, cricket, netball, and rugby, and for open air concerts by local bands and orchestras. Hagley Park is a large public park in Christchurch, New Zealand which was created in 1855 by the Provincial Government. ... The Christchurch Botanic Gardens, Christchurch, New Zealand began with the plantation of an English oak on 9 July 1863, to commemorate the solemnization of marriage between Prince Albert and Princess Alexandra of Denmark. ... This article is about the sport. ... This article is about the sport. ... A netball game in Australia Netball is a non contact sport similar to, and derived from, basketball. ... For other uses, see Rugby (disambiguation). ...


Cinema & Theatre

While historically most cinemas were grouped around Cathedral Square,[25] only the Regent complex remains there, which was rebuilt as 'Regent on Worcester' in 1996. Only one of the first generation of suburban cinemas, the Hollywood in Sumner, remains open.[26] The largest multiplexes are the Hoyts 8 in the old Railway Station on Moorhouse Avenue and Reading Cinemas (also eight screens) in the Palms shopping centre in Shirley. The recently (2006)[citation needed] opened Hoyts in Riccarton had the largest screen in New Zealand - although this has recently (2007) been surpassed by Auckland, which now has the largest movie theatre screen in the world, incorporated into the new Sylvia Park shopping complex. Current Logo of Hoyts Cinemas Australia introduced in Jan 2007 Hoyts is an Australian chain of cinema multiplexes. ... Reading Entertainment is a movie theater company which is part of Reading International, Inc. ... Sylvia Park is a large commercial property development and shopping mall in the Auckland, New Zealand suburb of Mount Wellington. ...


The Christchurch Arts Centre includes two art house cinemas, Cloisters and The Academy, screening a wide selection of contemporary, classic and foreign language films. These cinemas participate in an annual film festival, along with Rialto Cinemas on Moorhouse Avenue. The Christchurch Arts Centre The Christchurch Arts Centre is a hub for arts, crafts and entertainment in Christchurch. ... A film festival is the presentation or showcasing of films in one or more movie theaters or screening venues. ...


There is an active film society in the city,[27].


Christchurch has one full-time professional theatre, the Court Theatre,[28] which is based in the Christchurch Arts Centre. There is also an active recreational theatre scene. The Court Theatre is a professional theatre company based in Christchurch, New Zealand. ...


Music

The city is known for its many live acts.[citation needed] and also has a professional symphony orchestra.[29] Orchestra at City Hall (Edmonton). ...


There are usually buskers around the town square, and Christchurch also hosts the World Buskers Festival in January each year.


Venues

The Westpac Arena is New Zealand's second largest permanent multipurpose arena, seating between 5000 and 8000, depending on configuration. It is home of the Canterbury Rams basketball team, and Canterbury Flames netball side. It was the venue for the 1999 World Netball championships and has been host to many concerts in recent years. Westpac Arena, Christchurch Westpac Arena formerly known as the Westpac Centre and before that the WestpacTrust Centre is a sporting and entertainment arena located in Addington, Christchurch, New Zealand. ... The Canterbury Rams (also known as Scenic Circle Hotel Canterbury Rams, for sponsorship reasons), are a National Basketball League (NBL) team from Christchurch, New Zealand. ... The Canterbury Flames is a New Zealand netball team based in Christchurch that competes in The National Bank Cup competition. ... A netball game in Australia Netball is a non contact sport similar to, and derived from, basketball. ...


The Christchurch Town Hall Auditorium (2000 seats, opened 1974) was the first major auditorium design by architects Warren and Mahoney and acousticians Marshall Day. It is still recognised as a model example of concert-hall design. It has an excellent modern pipe organ. The Christchurch Town Hall, opened in 1972, is Christchurchs premier performing arts centre. ... The baroque organ in Roskilde Cathedral, Denmark The pipe organ is a musical instrument that produces sound by forcing pressurized air (referred to as wind) through a series of pipes. ...


Christchurch also has a Casino,[30] and there are also a wide range of live music venues[citation needed] - some short-lived, others with decades of history. This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


Sport

Sports

  • The now defunct Christchurch Football Club was founded in 1863, believed to be the oldest club of any code in New Zealand.[citation needed]

This article is on the rugby union team formerly known as the Canterbury Crusaders. ... Super 14, or Super 12 as it was known from 1996 through 2005, is a Rugby Union championship competed for by teams from New Zealand, Australia and South Africa. ... The Super 14 is the largest rugby union football club championship in the southern hemisphere, consisting of provincial teams from Australia, New Zealand and South Africa. ... For other uses, see Rugby (disambiguation). ... The Super 14 is the largest rugby union football club championship in the southern hemisphere, consisting of provincial teams from Australia, New Zealand and South Africa. ... The Canterbury Rugby Football Union (CRFU) is the official governing body for rugby union in a substantial part of the Canterbury region of New Zealand,and is affiliated to the New Zealand Rugby Football Union. ... The Air New Zealand Cup (also referred to by its previous name of the National Provincial Championship, its abbreviation of NPC, or for sponsorship reasons as the Air New Zealand NPC) is New Zealands professional domestic rugby union competition. ... The Canterbury Flames is a New Zealand netball team based in Christchurch that competes in The National Bank Cup competition. ... A netball game in Australia Netball is a non contact sport similar to, and derived from, basketball. ... The National Bank Cup is New Zealands principal netball competition. ... The Canterbury Rams (also known as Scenic Circle Hotel Canterbury Rams, for sponsorship reasons), are a National Basketball League (NBL) team from Christchurch, New Zealand. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with National Basketball League ( NBL ) New Zealand. ... The Canterbury Wizards are a New Zealand first class cricket team based in Canterbury, New Zealand. ... This article is about the sport. ... New Zealand has had a domestic first-class cricket championship since the 1906-07 season. ...

Venues

Winter afternoon on the Christchurch coast.
  • AMI Stadium (formerly Jade Stadium & Lancaster Park) is Christchurch's premier outdoor sporting ground, which plays host to rugby union in the winter months and cricket in the summer months. It is home to the Crusaders Super 14 and Canterbury Air New Zealand Cup rugby teams. It is also used by the New Zealand cricket team and occasionally hosts a New Zealand Warriors rugby league match. AMI Stadium has a current capacity of 36,500 people.
  • Porritt Park in Avonside and Nunweek Park in Bishopdale are the main hockey venues of the city.
  • Westpac Arena in Addington, Christchurch. Once hosted the World Netball Championship and continues to host international basketball and netball games.
  • Christchurch has more than a dozen golf courses, and has hosted the PGA-sanctioned Clearwater Classic/NZPGA Championship at Clearwater Resort since 2002.

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1500x984, 352 KB) Summary Scan of photo taken by Bmdavll in August 2003. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1500x984, 352 KB) Summary Scan of photo taken by Bmdavll in August 2003. ... AMI Stadium, formerly Jade Stadium and Lancaster Park, is a sports stadium situated in Christchurch, New Zealand. ... For other uses, see Rugby (disambiguation). ... This article is about the sport. ... The New Zealand cricket team, also known as the Black Caps, played their first Test in 1930 vs England in Christchurch, New Zealand, becoming the fifth Test nation. ... The New Zealand Warriors (formerly the Auckland Warriors) are a professional rugby league team based in Auckland, New Zealand. ... Rugby league football (usually shortened to rugby league, football, league) is a full-contact team sport played with a prolate spheroid-shaped ball by two teams of thirteen on a rectangular grass field. ... Queen Elizabeth Park II is a multi-use stadium in Christchurch, New Zealand. ... {{Commonwealth Games | Name = 10th British Commonwealth Games | Logo = 10th British Commonwealth Games- Christchurch 1974. ... A womens 400 m hurdles race on a typical outdoor red rubber track in the Helsinki Olympic Stadium in Finland. ... Red Hot Chili Peppers are an American alternative rock band formed in Los Angeles, California in 1983. ... Avonside is a north eastern suburb of Christchurch, New Zealand. ... , New Zeal Bishopdale is a residential suburb located in the north of Christchurch, New Zealand. ... Hockey is any of a family of sports in which two teams compete by trying to maneuver a ball, or a hard, round disc called a puck, into the opponents net or goal, using a hockey stick. ... Westpac Arena, Christchurch Westpac Arena formerly known as the Westpac Centre and before that the WestpacTrust Centre is a sporting and entertainment arena located in Addington, Christchurch, New Zealand. ... This article is about the sport. ... // The PGA Tour of Australasia is a professional golf tour for men. ...

Sister cities

Christchurch has seven sister cities around the world. They are:[31] Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm, Germany Town twinning is a concept whereby towns or cities in geographically and politically distinct areas are paired with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. ...

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... For other uses, see Adelaide (disambiguation). ... For the song, see South Australia (song). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Christchurch is a borough and town in Dorset on the English Channel coast, adjoining Bournemouth in the west, with the New Forest to the east. ... Dorset (pronounced DOR-sit or [dÉ”.sÉ™t], and sometimes in the past called Dorsetshire) is a county in the south-west of England, on the English Channel coast. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Lanzhou (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Lan-chou; Postal map spelling: Lanchow) is the capital of and a prefecture-level city in the Gansu province, China. ... Gansu (Simplified Chinese: 甘肃; Traditional Chinese: 甘肅; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Kan-su, Kansu, or Kan-suh) is a province located in the northwest of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... Kurashiki (倉敷市; -shi) is a historic city located to the west of Okayama, Japan, sitting on the Takahashi River, on the coast of the Inland Sea. ... Okayama (岡山市; -shi) is the capital city of Okayama Prefecture in the Chugoku region of Japan. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... City nickname Emerald City City bird Great Blue Heron City flower Dahlia City mottos The City of Flowers The City of Goodwill City song Seattle, the Peerless City Mayor Greg Nickels County King County Area   - Total   - Land   - Water   - % water 369. ... For the capital city of the United States, see Washington, D.C.. For other uses, see Washington (disambiguation). ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Korea. ... Songpa-gu is a gu of Seoul, South Korea. ... Short name Statistics Location map Map of location of Seoul. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... For the brand of cymbal, see Wuhan cymbals. ... Hubei (Chinese: 湖北; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Hu-pei; Postal System Pinyin: Hupeh) is a central province of the Peoples Republic of China. ...

References

  1. ^ Section 3.4 Greater Christchurch Area (PDF) (Greater Christchurch Urban Development Strategy, Christchurch City Council, 2007)
  2. ^ a b A History of Canterbury, Vol. 1 - Sir James Hight & Straubel, C.R.; Canterbury Centennial Association and Whitcombe and Tombs, Christchurch 1957, Page 121
  3. ^ Ōtautahi (from the Christchurch City Library website)
  4. ^ Christchurch City Council definition
  5. ^ Canterbury's damaging nor'wester (from the Metservice NZ website)
  6. ^ Mean Number Of Days Of Ground Frost (from the NIWA website)
  7. ^ Air Pollution Today (from the Environment Canterbury website)
  8. ^ [1] (from the Environment Canterbury website)
  9. ^ Niwa Science climate data.
  10. ^ 2001 Regional Summary, Statistics New Zealand
  11. ^ a b 2006 Regional Summary Tables by Regional Council, Statistics New Zealand
  12. ^ The Sister City link with Christchurch (from christchurch.org, a Christchurch City Council website)
  13. ^ Environment Canterbury (official regional council website)
  14. ^ Canterbury District Health Board (official district health board website)
  15. ^ Carl Bertelsmann-Preis 1993: Kommunalverwaltung (from the Bertelsmann Foundation website, in German)
  16. ^ Christchurch Schools with homepages (from the 'Heurisko School Server' website)
  17. ^ A Wheel on Each Corner, The History of the IPENZ Transportation Group 1956-2006 - Douglass, Malcolm; IPENZ Transportation Group, 2006, Page 12
  18. ^ Cathedral History (from the official Christ Church cathedral website)
  19. ^ Rescue, the Sumner community and its lifeboat service - Amodeo, Colin (editor), Christchurch: Sumner Lifeboat Institution Incorporated, 1998
  20. ^ Chch City Libraries
  21. ^ Ballantyne's fire
  22. ^ Te Ara
  23. ^ Looking good in the Antarctic (web). Clothing Distribution Center in Christchurch, New Zealand, outfits USAP participants for the trip south. The Antarctic Sun (January 10, 2008). Retrieved on January 13, 2008.
  24. ^ Christchurch, the Garden City (from the Christchurch City Council website)
  25. ^ Regent Theatre [1930-1976] (from the Canterbury Film Society website)
  26. ^ Christchurch Cinemas :: Hollywood Theatre
  27. ^ Canterbury Film Society (from the official Canterbury Film Society website)
  28. ^ Court Theatre (from the official Court Theatre website)
  29. ^ Christchurch Symphony (from the official Christchurch Symphony Orchestra website)
  30. ^ Christchurch Casino (official Christchurch Casino website)
  31. ^ Sister Cities of Christchurch (from the Christchurch City Council website)

PDF is an abbreviation with several meanings: Portable Document Format Post-doctoral fellowship Probability density function There also is an electronic design automation company named PDF Solutions. ... View of the MetService building in the Wellington Botanic Garden, from Tinakori Hill. ... The National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research, commonly abbreviated to NIWA, and known in the Māori language as Taihoro Nukurangi, is a Crown Research Institute of New Zealand. ... The New Zealand region of Canterbury is mainly composed of the Canterbury Plains and the surrounding mountains. ... The New Zealand region of Canterbury is mainly composed of the Canterbury Plains and the surrounding mountains. ... Statistics New Zealand (Te Tari Tatau) is a New Zealand government department, and the source of the countrys official statistics. ... Statistics New Zealand (Te Tari Tatau) is a New Zealand government department, and the source of the countrys official statistics. ... Christchurch is the regional capital of Canterbury, New Zealand. ... The Bertelsmann Foundation (German: Bertelsmann Stiftung) is the largest[1] private operating non-profit foundation in Germany, created in 1977 by the Reinhard Mohn of the Bertelsmann and Mohn families (the Bertelsmann family being the founders of the Bertelsmann publishing conglomerate). ... The Institution of Professional Engineers New Zealand (IPENZ) is New Zealands engineering society, representing all those who use a systematic process of analysis, design/synthesis and implementation, strive to operate in a responsible way, are governed by a code of ethics set by their peers, and engage in continuing... Cathedral Square in Christchurch, with Christ Church in the background. ... Christchurch is the regional capital of Canterbury, New Zealand. ... Christchurch is the regional capital of Canterbury, New Zealand. ...

Bibliography

  • Reed, A. W. (2002). The Reed Dictionary of New Zealand Place Names. Auckland: Reed Books. ISBN 0-7900-0761-4. 
  • Rice, Geoffrey (with assistance from Jean Sharfe)(1999) Christchurch changing: an illustrated history Christchurch: Canterbury University Press. ISBN 0-908812-53-1 (pbk.)

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Christchurch

Official Organisations: Image File history File links Commons-logo. ...

  • Christchurch City Council (official council website)
  • Environment Canterbury (official regional council website)
  • Canterbury District Health Board (official district health board website)

Culture & Information:

  • Christchurch City Libraries (official libraries website)
  • Christchurch & Canterbury (official tourism guide & visitor information)
  • BeThere (events in Christchurch and Canterbury)
  • Localeye (online gateway to Christchurch & Canterbury)
  • WhatsonChristchurch (events and local resources website)
  • Christchurch.org.nz (official website promoting Christchurch)
  • Ti Kouka Whenua (local Māori history of the Christchurch area)
  • The Big City (private website listing events, New Zealand music info archive)

Tourism & Maps:

  • Christchurch maps (from www.zoomin.co.nz)
  • Christchurch maps (from www.wises.co.nz)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Christchurch - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2502 words)
Christchurch is the largest city in the South Island of New Zealand and the third largest urban area in the country.
To the south and south-east the city is limited by the volcanic slopes of the Port Hills, and to the north by the braided Waimakariri River.
Christchurch was the seat of provincial administration for the Province of Canterbury.
Christchurch, Dorset - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (569 words)
Christchurch is a town in Dorset, England on the English Channel coast.
Christchurch forms part of the south east Dorset conurbation along with Bournemouth, Poole and the districts of Wimborne and other areas of East Dorset.
The Member of Parliament for Christchurch is Christopher Chope, who holds a considerable vote majority of 15,559 and a percentage vote of 54.7% following the 2005 general election, making Christchurch one of the safest Conservative constituencies in the country.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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