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Encyclopedia > Chris Marker

Chris Marker (born July 29, 1921) is a French writer, photographer, film director, multimedia artist and documentary maker. July 29 is the 210th day (211th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 155 days remaining. ... Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for full calendar). ... The term writer can apply to anyone who creates a written work, but the word more usually designates those who write creatively or professionally, or those who have written in many different forms. ... This is a list of notable photographers in the art, documentary and fashion traditions. ... The film director, on the right, gives last minute direction to the cast and crew, whilst filming a costume drama on location in London. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


He is best known masturbating furiously over various in-animate objects a prime example is his mothers glass eye La Jetée (1962), Sans Soleil (1983) and AK (1985), a documentary about Japanese filmmaker Akira Kurosawa. La Jetée (1962) (literally The Jetty) 28-minute science fiction film in black and white by Chris Marker. ... 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar). ... Sans Soleil (Sunless in English) is a film by French director Chris Marker. ... 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Akira Kurosawa , 23 March 1910—6 September 1998) was a prominent Japanese film director, film producer, and screenwriter. ...

Contents

Biography

He was born Christian François Bouche-Villeneuve, in Paris, France. City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country France Region ÃŽle-de-France Department Paris (75) Subdivisions 20 arrondissements Mayor Bertrand Delanoë  (PS) (since 2001) City Statistics Land area¹ 86. ...


Marker studied philosophy under Jean-Paul Sartre. In World War II he joined the Maquis (FTP). After the war he began to write and make films. He traveled to many socialist countries and documented what he saw in films and books. Les statues meurent aussi (1953) which he codirected with Alain Resnais was one of the first anticolonial films. Anatole Dauman produced the first films of Chris Marker and later produced two more of his films Sunday in Peking and Letter from Siberia Socrates (central bare-chested figure) about to drink hemlock as mandated by the court. ... Jean-Paul Charles Aymard Sartre (June 21, 1905 – April 15, 1980), normally known simply as Jean-Paul Sartre (pronounced: ), was a French existentialist philosopher, dramatist and screenwriter, novelist and critic. ... Combatants Major Allied powers: United Kingdom Soviet Union United States France Republic of China and others Major Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Charles de Gaulle Chiang Kai-Shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hirohito Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead... Members of the Maquis in La Tresorerie For other uses, see Maquis. ... Socialism is a social and economic system (or the political philosophy advocating such a system) in which the economic means of production are owned and controlled collectively by the people. ... Alain Resnais (born June 3, 1922 in Vannes, France) is a French film director, and a key founder of the french new wave or nouvelle vague film movement. ... Anatole Dauman is a French film producer who has produced films by Jean-Luc Godard, Robert Bresson, Wim Wenders, Nagisa Oshima, Andrei Tarkovsky, Volker Schlöndorff and Alain Resnais. ...


He became internationally known for the short film La Jetée (1962). It tells the story of a post-nuclear war experiment in time travel by using a series of filmed photographs developed as a photomontage of varying pace with limited narration and sound effects. This film was the inspiration for Mamoru Oshii's debut live action feature The Red Spectacles (1987) (later for Avalon) and also inspired Terry Gilliam's Twelve Monkeys (1995). Short subject is an American film industry term that historically has referred to any film in the format of two reels, or approximately 20 minutes running time, or less. ... La Jetée (1962) (literally The Jetty) 28-minute science fiction film in black and white by Chris Marker. ... Apocalyptic science fiction is a sub-genre of science fiction that is concerned with the end of the world or civilization, through nuclear war, plague, or some other general disaster. ... Artistic photomontage showing what a complete iceberg might look like under water Photomontage is the process (and result) of making a composite picture by cutting and joining a number of photographs. ... Urusei Yatsura 2: Beautiful Dreamer Mamoru Oshii (押井守 Oshii Mamoru; born August 8, 1951 in Tokyo) is a Japanese animation and live-action film writer and director. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... Avalon (アヴァロン, avaron) is a Japanese/Polish Science Fiction movie by Japanese filmmaker Mamoru Oshii. ... Terry Gilliam at Karlovy Vary 2006. ... Twelve Monkeys is a 1995 science fiction film written by David and Janet Peoples and directed by Terry Gilliam. ...


In 1982 marker finished Sans Soleil, stretching the limits of what could be called a documentary. It is an essay, a montage, mixing pieces of documentary with fiction and philosophical comments, creating an atmosphere of dream and science fiction. The main themes are Japan, Africa,(the erasing of) memory and travel. A sequence in the middle of the film takes place in San Francisco, and heavily references Alfred Hitchcock's Vertigo (film). 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Sans Soleil (Sunless in English) is a film by French director Chris Marker. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... An essay is a short work of writing that treats a topic from an authors personal point of view. ... Film editing, also called montage, is the connecting of one or more shots to form a sequence, and the subsequent connecting of sequences to form an entire movie. ... Fiction (from the Latin fingere, to form, create) is storytelling of imagined events and stands in contrast to non-fiction, which makes factual claims about reality. ... A dream is the experience of envisioned images, sounds, or other sensations during sleep. ... Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa. ... For other uses, see Memory (disambiguation). ... Look up travel in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... Sir Alfred Joseph Hitchcock, KBE (August 13, 1899 – April 29, 1980) was a highly influential film director and producer who pioneered many techniques in the suspense and thriller genres. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Beginning with Sans Soleil he developed a deep interest in digital technology, which led to his film Level 5 (1996) and IMMEMORY (1998), an interactive multimedia CD-ROM, produced for the Centre Pompidou. A digital system is one that uses discrete values (often electrical voltages), especially those representable as binary numbers, or non-numeric symbols such as letters or icons, for input, processing, transmission, storage, or display, rather than a continuous spectrum of values (ie, as in an analog system). ... By the mid 20th century humans had achieved a level of technological mastery sufficient to leave the surface of the planet for the first time and explore space. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... The CD-ROM (an abbreviation for Compact Disc Read-Only Memory (ROM)) is a non-volatile optical data storage medium using the same physical format as audio compact discs, readable by a computer with a CD-ROM drive. ... The Pompidou Centres famous external skeleton of service pipes. ...


Chris Marker lives in Paris and does not grant interviews. When asked for a picture of himself, he usually offers a photograph of a cat instead.


Complete Filmography

  • Olympia 52 (1952)
  • Les Statues meurent aussi (1953 with Resnais)
  • Dimanche à Pekin (1956)
  • Lettre de Sibérie (1957)
  • Les Astronautes (1959 with Borowczyk)
  • Description d'un combat (1960)
  • ¡Cuba Sí! (1961)
  • La Jetée (1962)
  • Le joli mai (1963, 2006 re-cut)
  • Le Mystère Koumiko (1965)
  • Si j'avais quatre dromadaires (1966)
  • Loin du Vietnam (1967)
  • Rhodiacéta (1967)
  • La Sixième face du pentagone (1968 with Reichenbach)
  • Cinétracts (1968)
  • À bientôt, j'espère (1968 with Marret)
  • On vous parle du Brésil: Tortures (1969)
  • Jour de tournage (1969)
  • Classe de lutte (1969)
  • On vous parle de Paris: Maspero, les mots ont un sens (1970)
  • On vous parle du Brésil: Carlos Marighela (1970)
  • La Bataille des dix millions (1971)
  • Le Train en marche (1971)
  • On vous parle de Prague: le deuxième procès d'Artur London (1971)
  • Vive la baleine (1972)
  • L'Ambassade (1973)
  • On vous parle du Chili: ce que disait Allende (1973 with Littin)
  • Puisqu'on vous dit que c'est possible (1974)
  • La Solitude du chanteur de fond (1974)
  • La Spirale (1975)
  • Le Fond de l'air est rouge (1977, 1993 re-cut)
  • Quand le siècle a pris formes (1978)
  • Junkiopa (1981)
  • Sans Soleil (1983)
  • 2084 (1984)
  • From Chris to Christo (1985)
  • Matta (1985)
  • A.K. (1985)
  • Eclats (1986)
  • Mémoires pour Simone (1986)
  • Tokyo Days (1988)
  • Spectre (1988)
  • L'héritage de la chouette (1989)
  • Bestiaire (three short video haiku) (1990)
    • Bestiaire 1. Chat écoutant la musique
    • Bestiaire 2. An owl is an owl is an owl
    • Bestiaire 3. Zoo Piece
  • Getting away with it (1990)
  • Berlin 1990 (1990)
  • Détour Ceausescu (1991)
  • Théorie des ensembles (1991)
  • Coin fenètre (1992)
  • Azulmoon (1992)
  • Le Tombeau d'Alexandre (1992)
  • Le 20 heurs dans les camps (1993)
  • SLON Tango (1993)
  • Bullfight in Okinawa (1994)
  • Eclipse (1994)
  • Haiku (1994)
    • Haiku 1. Petite Ceinture
    • Haiku 2. Chaika
    • Haiku 3. Owl Gets in Your Eyes
  • Casque bleu (1995)
  • Silent Movie (1995)
  • Level Five (1997)
  • Un maire au Kosovo (2000)
  • One Day in the Life of Andrei Arsenevich (2000)
  • Le facteur sonne toujours cheval (2001)
  • Avril inquiet (2001)
  • Le souvenir d'un avenir (with Bellon 2003)
  • Chats Perchés (2004) - a documentary about M. Chat street art

La Jetée (1962) (literally The Jetty) 28-minute science fiction film in black and white by Chris Marker. ... Sans Soleil (Sunless in English) is a film by French director Chris Marker. ... M. Chat (also known as Monsieur Chat and Mr Chat) is the name of a graffiti cat that appeared in Paris and other European cities in the months and years following the 9/11 terrorist attacks. ... It has been suggested that Guerilla art be merged into this article or section. ...

Collaborations

  • Nuit et Brouillard (Resnais 1955)
    • Note: In a 1995 interview Resnais states that the final version of the commentary was a collaboration between Marker and Jean Cayrol (source: Film Comment).
  • Les hommes de la baleine (Ruspoli 1956)
    • Note: under the pseudonym "Jacopo Berenizi" Marker wrote the commentary for this short about whale hunters in the Azores. The two would return to this topic in 1972's Vive la Baleine (Film Comment).
  • Le mystere de l'atelier quinze (Resnais et Heinrich 1957)
    • Note: Marker wrote the commentary for this fictional short (Film Comment).
  • Le Siècle a soif (Vogel 1958)
    • Note: Marker wrote and spoke all the commentary for this short film about fruit juice in Alexandrine verse (Film Comment).
  • La Mer et les jours (Vogel et Kaminker 1958)
    • Note: Marker present commentary for this "somber work about the daily lives of fishermen on Brittany's Île de Sein" (Film Comment).
  • L'Amerique insolite (Reichenbach 1958)
    • Note: Marker was eventually credited as a writer for this one, apparently, he wrote the dialogue (Film Comment).
  • Django Reinhardt (Paviot 1959)
    • Note: Marker narrated this one (Film Comment).
  • Jouer à Paris (Varlin 1962)
    • Note: This was edited by Marker - essentially, this film is a 27-minute postscript to Le Joli Mai assembled from leftover footage and organized around a new commentary (Film Comment).
  • A Valparaiso (Ivens 1963)
    • Note: This gem was written by Marker. It feels like a Marker film.
  • Les Chemins de la fortune (Kassovitz 1964)
    • Note: Marker apparently helped edit and organise this Venezuela travelogue (Film Comment).
  • La Douceur du village (Reichenbach 1964)
    • Note: Edited by Marker.
  • La Brûlure de mille soleils (Kast 1964)
    • Note: Marker edited this (mostly) animated science-fiction exstentialist short and (possibly) collaborated on the script (Film Comment).
  • Le volcan interdit (Tazieff 1966)
    • Note: Marker narrates this volcano documentary.
  • Europort-Rotterdam (Ivens 1966)
    • Note: Marker did the textual adaptation (Film Comment.
  • On vous parle de Flins (Devart 1970)
    • Note: Marker helped film and edit this short (Film Comment).
  • L'Afrique express (Tessier et Lang 1970)
    • Note: Marker wrote the introductory text for this film under the name "Boris Villeneuve" (Film Comment).
  • Kashima Paradise (Le Masson et Deswarte 1974)
    • Note: Marker collaborated on the commentary on this documentary about the destruction of Kashima and Narita (Film Comment).
  • La Batalla de Chile (Guzman, 1975-1976)
    • Note: Marker helped produce and contributed to the screenplay for this, perhaps the greatest of all documentary films (Film Comment).
  • One Sister and Many Brothers (Makavejev 1994)
    • Note: Marker tapes Makavejev circulating among the guests of a party in his honor as much jovial backslapping abounds (Film comment).

External links

  • Senses of Cinema: Great Directors Critical Database
  • s i l v e r t h r e a d e d presents Chris Marker
  • Chris Marker at the Internet Movie Database

  Results from FactBites:
 
Chris Marker (237 words)
Chris Marker (born July 29, 1921) is a writer, photographer, film director and documentary maker.
Chris Marker studied philosophy with Jean-Paul Sartre as professor.
As a filmmaker, Chris Marker sees himself related to Andrei Tarkovsky and Akira Kurosawa, both of them he has portrayed in films.
filmjourney.org : Chris Marker (1043 words)
Marker's film is both a tender reminescence and a critical overview of Soviet history, a moving and highly informative portrait of an artist in his time.
Marker respectfully documents his friend's last days (in which, among other things, Tarkovsky was reunited with his son for the first time since defecting from his homeland in 1982).
Marker intercuts this footage (which also includes Tarkovsky making editing decisions for his final film, The Sacrifice, from his deathbed) with a career-spanning critical interpretation of Tarkovsky's work that is both sensitive and observant, mystical and adoring--qualities intrinsically appropriate for the spiritually-commited Russian filmmaker.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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