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Encyclopedia > Chortkiv
Ternopil Oblast
Ternopil Oblast

Chortkiv (Ukrainian: Чортків, Polish: Czortków) is a city in the Ternopil oblast (province) in western Ukraine. It is the administrative center of the Chortkivsky Raion (district). Population: 29,057 (2001). Located on the Seret river, in the northern part of Galician Podilia. It was one of the shtetls, and is situated in the historic region of Galicia. Image File history File links Tarnopolskie. ... Image File history File links Tarnopolskie. ... Tarnopol Voivodeship Tarnopol Voivodeship bis 17 September 1939 A voivodeship of Poland 1920-1939 Capital: Tarnopol Main cities: Brody, Brzezany, Buczacz, Czortków, Zloczów Area: 16,500 km² Population: Totals 1,600,406 Poles 789,114 (49. ... September 17 is the 260th day of the year (261st in leap years). ... 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1181x825, 16 KB) Map of Ukraine with highlighted Oblast made by Sven Teschke, Germany, 2004 --Steschke 09:34, 2004 Nov 8 (UTC) see also: english version: Image:Map_of_Ukraine_political_enwiki. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1181x825, 16 KB) Map of Ukraine with highlighted Oblast made by Sven Teschke, Germany, 2004 --Steschke 09:34, 2004 Nov 8 (UTC) see also: english version: Image:Map_of_Ukraine_political_enwiki. ... Chicago from the air. ... Ternopil Oblast (Тернопільська область, Ternopil’s’ka oblast’ or Тернопільщина, Ternopil’shchyna in Ukrainian) is an oblast (province) of Ukraine. ... Oblast (Czech: oblast, Slovak: oblasÅ¥, Russian and Ukrainian: , Belarusian: , Bulgarian: о́бласт) refers to a subnational entity in some countries. ... In politics a capital (also called capital city or political capital — although the latter phrase has an alternative meaning based on an alternative meaning of capital) is the principal city or town associated with its government. ... A raion (or rayon) (Russian and Ukrainian: ; Belarusian раён; Azeri: rayon, Latvian: rajons, Georgian: , raioni) is one of two kinds of administrative subdivisions in languages of some post-Soviet states: a subnational entity and a subdivision of a city. ... Seret (Ukrainian: ) is a minor river in Ukraine, a tributary of Tysmenytsia. ... Coat-of-arms of Galicia Galicia is a historical region currently split between Poland and Ukraine. ... Historical arms of Podolia The region of Podolia (Polish: Podole, Ukrainian: Podillya) lies in the west-central and south-west portions of present-day Ukraine that correspond to Khmelnytskyi Oblast and Vinnytsia Oblast. ... A shtetl or shtetele (Yiddish: , diminutive form of Yiddish shtot, town) was typically a small town or village with a large Jewish population in pre-Holocaust Central and Eastern Europe. ... Coat-of-arms of Galicia Galicia is a historical region currently split between Poland and Ukraine. ...

Contents

Chortkiv: history and industries

The first historical mention of Chortkiv dates to 1522, when Polish king Sigismund I the Old granted ownership order for Jerzy Czartkowski over this town and allowed him to name it Chortkiv (Czortkow) after himself. The town was also given Magdeburg Law privileges then. Chortkiv declined in the second half of the 17 th century, during the Polish-Turkish wars. Under Austrian rule it was the center of the Chortkiv Bezirk; later it became a county center. On 8 June 1919 the Ukrainian Galician Army broke through the Polish front at Chortkiv and began the Chortkiv offensive. In 1931 the town had 19,000 inhabitants, 22.8 percent of whom were Ukrainians (Greek Catholics), 46.4 percent Poles (Roman Catholics), and 30 percent Jews. Chortkiv is an administrative, commercial, and small-scale manufacturing center. Today it has some industry: food-processing, garment making, and railway maintenance. Among its architectural monuments are a fortress built in the 16th and 17th centuries and wooden churches of the 17th and 18th centuries. There is also a historical museum. Events January 9 - Adrian Dedens becomes Pope Adrian VI. February 26 - Execution by hanging of Cuauhtémoc, Aztec ruler of Tenochtitlan under orders of conquistador Hernán Cortés. ... Reign From December 8, 1506 until April 1, 1548 Coronation On January 24, 1507 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Jagiellon Parents Kazimierz IV Jagiellończyk Elżbieta Rakuszanka Consorts Katarzyna Telniczanka Barbara Zapolya Bona Sforza Children with Katarzyna Telniczanka Jan Regina Katarzyna with Barbara... The Magdeburg Rights (or Magdeburg law) were the laws of the Imperial Free City of Magdeburg during many centuries of the Holy Roman Empire, and possibly the most important set of Germanic medieval city laws. ... attention Cities grow, often absorbing many towns and/or villages that may retain their names, or they may be described by a number after having been absorbed by the city. ... 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...


Chortkiv Jews and Holocaust

Chortkiv had a significant number of Jews residing here prior to the Holocaust. On August 26, 1942 at 2.30 am in the morning the German Schutzpolizei started driving Chortkiv Jews out of houses, split them in groups of 120, packed in freight cars and deported 2000 local Jews to Belzec death camp. 500 of Jewish sick and children were murdered on the spot. Concentration camp inmates during the Holocaust The Holocaust was Nazi Germanys systematic genocide (ethnic cleansing) of various ethnic, religious, national, and secular groups during World War II. Early elements include the Kristallnacht pogrom and the T-4 Euthanasia Program established by Hitler that killed some 200,000 people. ... August 26 is the 238th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (239th in leap years). ... 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1942 calendar). ... Flag of the Ordnungspolizei The Ordnungspolizei was the name for the regular German police force that existed in Nazi Germany between the years of 1936 and 1945. ... Belzec was the first of the Nazi German extermination camps created for implementing Operation Reinhard during the Holocaust. ...


During this first Action, the detained Jews were divided in groups and to each of them a member of the Judenrat and two Jewish policemen were appointed to be responsible for the respective group. Although both the Judenrat and the Jewish police were personally spared in the first Action, nevertheless, some of their relatives were among those sent to the death-camp in Belzec. At the "registration area" near the Bazaar the Germans made a selection and exempted about two hundred Jews who were needed to carry out their indispensable work. ACTION bus at the interchange in Civic. ... Judenrats, German for Jewish council, were administrative bodies that the Germans required Jews to form in each ghetto in General Government (the Nazi-occupied teritory of Poland) and later in the occupied territories of the Soviet Union. ... Judenrats, German for Jewish council, were administrative bodies that the Germans required Jews to form in each ghetto in General Government (the Nazi-occupied teritory of Poland) and later in the occupied territories of the Soviet Union. ... ACTION bus at the interchange in Civic. ... Belzec was the first of the Nazi German extermination camps created for implementing Operation Reinhard during the Holocaust. ...


After the first "Action" the ghetto was reduced. Szkolna and Podolska Streets were excluded and the ghetto comprised only the streets near the river Seret like Skladowa and Rzeznicka. Seret (Ukrainian: ) is a minor river in Ukraine, a tributary of Tysmenytsia. ...


Famous people

This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Rabbi (Classical Hebrew רִבִּי ribbī;; modern Ashkenazi and Israeli רַבִּי rabbī) in Judaism, means teacher, or more literally great one. The word Rabbi is derived from the Hebrew root-word RaV, which in biblical Hebrew means great or distinguished, (in knowledge). In the ancient Judean schools (and among Sefaradim today) the sages... Rabbi Shmuel Shmelke Halevi of Nikolsburg (1726 Chortkov, Galicia - 1778 Nikolsburg, Moravia) was an Orthodox Jewish Rabbi and one of the great Chasidic Rebbes of the past. ... Mikulov (German Nikolsburg) is a town in the Czech Republic, in South Moravian Region. ... Pinchas Horowitz was a Rabbi and Talmudic author; born in Poland in 1731; died in Frankfurt am Main on July 1, 1805. ... Main Station Frankfurt Frankfurt International Airport For other uses, see Frankfurt (disambiguation). ... Lee Strasberg (November 17, 1901–February 17, 1982) was an American director, actor, producer, and acting teacher. ...

See also

Chortkov has no real Rebbe today. ...

External Links

  • Encyclopedia of Ukraine - Chortkiv
  • Images and Map of Chortkiv
  • Chortkiv Castle 1610
  • Unicom - internet provider in Chortkiv
  • History and pictures of Chortkiv


COA of Ternopil Oblast Subdivisions of Ternopil Oblast, Ukraine Flag of Ukraine

Raions: Berezhanskyi | Borshchivskyi | Buchatskyi | Chortkivskyi | Husiatynskyi | Kozivskyi | Kremenetskyi | Lanovetskyi | Monastyryskyi | Pidhaietskyi | Pidvolochyskyi | Shumskyi | Terebovlianskyi | Ternopilskyi | Zalishchytskyi | Zbarazkyi | Zborivskyi Image File history File links Ternopil-oblast-COA.PNG File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Ternopil Buchach Chortkiv Berezhany Zbarazh Kremenets Zalishchyky Terebovlya Pidhaytsi Template:Cities in Ternopil Oblast Pochayiv ... Ternopil Oblast (Тернопільська область, Ternopil’s’ka oblast’ or Тернопільщина, Ternopil’shchyna in Ukrainian) is an oblast (province) of Ukraine. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ukraine. ... See rayon for the textile made of processed cellulose. ... Berezhanskyi Raion is district in the westernmost corner of Ternopil region in western area of Ukraine, area traditionally known as Halychyna (Galicia). ... Borshchivskyi Raion (Ukrainian: , translit. ... Kozivskyi raion (Ukrainian: Козівський район) is district in Ternopilska oblast of western Ukraine. ... Pidhaietskyi Raion (Ukrainian: Підгаєцький район) is district in western part of Ternopilska oblast, western Ukraine. ... The Zalishchytskyi Raion (Ukrainian: ) is a sub-division of the Ternopil Oblast. ...

Cities: Berezhany | Borshchiv | Buchach | Chortkiv | Khorostkiv | Kopychyntsi | Kremenets | Lanivtsi | Monastyryska | Pidhaitsi | Pochaiv | Shumsk | Skalat | Terebovlia | Ternopil | Zalischyky | Zbarazh | Zboriv Ukraine is subdivided into 24 oblasts (Ukrainian singular: область, oblast; plural області, oblasti), one autonomous republic (автономна республіка, avtonomna respublika), and... Tarnopol Voivodeship bis 17 September 1939, location the city Panorama over the old town of Berezhany Berezhany (Ukrainian: , Polish: ) is a city located in the Ternopil Oblast (province) of western Ukraine. ... Borschiv (Ukrainian: , Polish: ) is a city in the Ternopil Oblast (province) of western Ukraine. ... Tarnopol Voivodeship bis 17 September 1939, location the city Buchach (Ukrainian: ; Polish: ; Yiddish: בעטשאָטש, translit. ... Khorostkiv (Ukrainian: ) is a city in Ternopil Oblast, Ukraine. ... Kopychyntsi (Ukrainian: ) is a city in Ternopil Oblast, Ukraine. ... Kremenets (Ukrainian: Кременець, Polish: Krzemieniec) is a city in northern Ternopil Oblast, Volhynia, Western Ukraine. ... Lanivtsi (Ukrainian: ) is a city in Ternopil Oblast, Ukraine. ... Monastyryska (Ukrainian: ) is a city in Ternopil Oblast, Ukraine. ... Pidhaytsi (Ukrainian: , Polish: ) is a small city in the Ternopil Oblast (province) of western Ukraine. ... Pochayiv Lavra of the Assumption of the Theotokos has for centuries been the foremost spiritual and ideological centre of various Orthodox denominations in Western Ukraine. ... Shumsk (Ukrainian: ) is a city in Ternopil Oblast, Ukraine. ... Skalat (Ukrainian: , Polish: SkaÅ‚at) is a small city in the Ternopil Oblast (province) of western Ukraine. ... Terebovlia (Ukrainian: , also Terebovlya, Polish: ) is a small city in the Ternopil Oblast (province) of western Ukraine. ... Motto: Oblast Ternopil Oblast Mayor Bogdan Evgenovich Levkiv Area 59 kм² Population  - city  - density 221,300 (2004) 3,831 /km² Founded 1540 Latitude Longitude Area code +380 352 Car plates  ?? sister cities Municipal Website Ternopil (Ukrainian: ; Polish: ; Russian: ) is a city in western Ukraine, located on the banks of the... Tarnopol Voivodeship bis 17 September 1939, location the city Zalischyky (Ukrainian: , also Zalishchyky, Polish: , Russian: , translit. ... Zbarazh (Ukrainian: Збараж; Polish: Zbaraż; also known as Zbarj) is a town in Galicia, Western Ukraine. ... Zboriv (Ukrainian: , Polish: ) is a small city in Ternopil Oblast, west Ukraine in the historical region of Galicia. ...

Urban-type settlements: Husiatyn | Kozova | Pidvolochysk | more... Urban-type settlement (Russian: , posyolok gorodskogo tipa; Ukrainian: , selyshche miskoho typu; abbreviated as in Russian and as in Ukrainian) is an official designation for a certain type of urban settlements used in some of the countries of the former Soviet Union. ... Husiatyn is a town (1978 pop. ... Kozova is a small town, in Ternopilska oblast of western Ukraine, in the historic area known as Galicia, 16 km east of Berezhany, some 30 km west of Ternopil and ca. ... As of January 1, 2006 there are 886 urban-type settlements (Ukrainian: , translit. ...

Villages: Budaniv | Okopy | Shutromintsy| more... A village is a human residential settlement commonly found in rural areas. ... Budaniv (Ukrainian: Буданів, Polish(German): Budzanów, Russian: Буданов Budanov) is a city in Western Ukraine, near Chortkiv, Buchach. ... Okopy (Ukrainian: ) is a village (selo) in western Ukraine. ... Shutromintsy (Ukrainian: Шутроминці) is a village in Ternopil Oblast, Western Ukraine, in the district of Zalishchytskyi. ...

Coordinates: 49°01′N 25°48′E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
CHORTKIV (CZORTKOW/CHORTKOV) CASTLE - page about Chortkiv Castle in Chortkiv, Ternopil region, Western Ukraine. ... (375 words)
Chortkiv castle dates from 1610 and is located on a hill on the slope of Seret river (tributary of Dniester/Dnister)
Chortkiv castle is built in rennaisance style and at the yard facade it
CHORTKIV CASTLE IS AN INTERESTING EXAMPLE OF PRIVATE CASTLE OF ARCHITECTURE OF PODILLYA / PODOLE AREA OF 17th CENTURY.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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