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Encyclopedia > Choqa Zanbil
A model of the current Chogha Zanbil ziggurat, showing the other buildings in the vicinity of the main structure.
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A model of the current Chogha Zanbil ziggurat, showing the other buildings in the vicinity of the main structure.
Chogha Zanbil ziggurat, Iran.
Chogha Zanbil ziggurat, Iran.
Chogha Zanbil ziggurat, another view.
Chogha Zanbil ziggurat, another view.

Chogha Zanbil is an ancient Elamite complex in the Khuzestan province of Iran. Image File history File linksMetadata Choghazanbil-model. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Choghazanbil-model. ... Choghazanbil Ziggurat, Iran. ... Choghazanbil Ziggurat, Iran. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Choghazanbil. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Choghazanbil. ... Elam (Persian: ایلام) is one of the first civilizations on record based in the far west and south-west of what is modern-day Iran (in the Ilam Province and the lowlands of Khuzestan). ... Map showing Khuzestan in Iran Domes like this are quite common in Khuzestan province. ...


It (along with Sialk) are the only extant ziggurats outside of Mesopotamia. It lies approximately 45 kilometres south of Susa and 230 kilometres north of Abadan by way of Ahvaz, which is 60 kilometres away. The 5500 year old skeletons and other unearthed artifacts here are preserved and off access to visitors. ... Dur-Untash, or Choqa zanbil, built in 13th century BC by Untash Napirisha, is one of the worlds best preserved ziggurats. ... Sumerian list of gods in cuneiform script, ca. ... For other uses of the name Susa please see this page. ... Abadan (آبادان in Persian) is a city in the Khuzestan province in southwestern Iran (Persia). ... Map of Iran and surrounding lands, showing location of Ahvaz Arial photo of Bustan park and Karun river. ...


It was built about 1250 BCE by the king Untash-Napirisha, mainly to honour the great god Inshushinak. Its original name was Dur Untash, which means 'town of Untash', but it is unlikely that many people, besides priests and servants, ever lived there. The complex is protected by three concentric walls which define the main areas of the 'town'. The inner area is wholly taken up with a great ziggurat dedicated to the main god, which was built over an earlier square temple with storage rooms also built by Untash-Napirisha. The middle area holds eleven temples for lesser gods. It is believed that twenty-two temples were originally planned, but the king died before they could be finished, and his successors discontinued the building work. In the outer area are royal palaces, a funerary palace containing five subterranean royal tombs, and a necropolis containing non-elite tombs. Untash-Napirisha was king of Elam from about 1275 to 1240 BC. He was the son of the previous king, Khumban-Numena. ... Inshushinak was one of the major gods of the Elamites and the protector deity of Susa. ...


Although construction in the city abruptly ended after Untash-Napirisha's death, the site was not abandoned, but continued to be occupied until it was destroyed by the Assyrian king Ashurbanipal in 640 bce. Some scholars speculate, based on the large number of temples and sanctuaries at Choqa Zanbil, that Untash-Napirisha attempted to create a new religious center (possibly intended to replace Susa) which would unite the gods of both highland and lowland Elam at one site. Assyria in earliest historical times referred to a region on the Upper Tigris river, named for its original capital, the ancient city of Ashur. ... Ashurbanipal, or Assurbanipal, (reigned 669 - 627 BCE), the son of Esarhaddon and Naqia-Zakutu, was the last great king of ancient Assyria. ... For other uses of the name Susa please see this page. ...


There is no adequate watersource near Choqa Zanbil, and in order to secure a supply to the town's inhabitants, the king dug a great canal from a river many kilometres away. This canal was a massive work at the time, and a length of it is yet in use.


Archaeological excavations undertaken between 1951 and 1962 revealed the site again, and the ziggurat is considered to be the best preserved example in the world. In 1979, Choqa Zanbil became the first Iranian site to be inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List. 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday; see its calendar. ... 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... This page refers to the year 1979. ... UNESCO logo The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, commonly known as UNESCO, is a specialized agency of the United Nations system established in 1945. ... Elabana Falls is in Lamington National Park, part of the Central Eastern Rainforest Reserves World Heritage site in Queensland, Australia. ...


See also

  • Choga Zanbil
  • List of Iranian castles, citadels, and fortifications

  Results from FactBites:
 
Ziggurat - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (819 words)
Dur-Untash, or Choqa zanbil, built in 13th century BC by Untash Napirisha, is one of the world's best preserved ziggurats.
A ziggurat (Babylonian ziqqurrat, D-Stem of zaqāru "to build on a raised area") is a temple tower of the ancient Mesopotamian valley and Persia (Iran), having the form of a terraced pyramid of successively receding stories.
One of the best preserved ziggurats remaining is Choqa Zanbil in western Iran, which has miraculously survived despite the devastating 8 year Iran-Iraq war of the 1980's in which many archeological sites were destroyed.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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