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Encyclopedia > Chopped and Screwed
Chopped and Screwed
Stylistic origins: Southern Rap, Hip hop
Cultural origins: Early-1990s Houston, Texas
Typical instruments: Turntable - rapping - Sampler - synthesizer
Mainstream popularity: Became a staple of Southern rap in the late 1990s; dominant in the south.
Subgenres
Regional scenes
Houston - Memphis - Dallas

Chopped and screwed (or screwed and chopped), slowed and throwed, Houston music, H-Town music, screw music, screw, and dragged and chopped all refer to a technique of remixing hip hop music. This is accomplished by slowing the tempo and applying techniques such as skipping beats, record scratching, stop-time, and effecting portions of the music to make a "chopped-up" version of the original. Southern rap (or Dirty South hip-hop) is a type of hip hop music that emerged in the late-1990s as a popular force from cities such as New Orleans, Miami, Atlanta, Memphis, Houston, and Dallas. ... Hip hop music is a style of music which came into existence in the United States during the mid-1970s, and became a large part of modern pop culture during the 1980s. ... “Houston” redirects here. ... A musical instrument is a device constructed or modified with the purpose of making music. ... “Tonearm” redirects here. ... For the English folk dance, see Rapper sword. ... A sampler can be any of the following things: In general, a sampler is any broadly representative cross-section of some collection; for instance, food products are sometimes packaged in samplers containing a variety of chocolates or beers. ... An AKAI MPC2000 sampler Playing a Yamaha SU10 Sampler A sampler is an electronic music instrument closely related to a synthesizer. ... Hip hop music is a style of music which came into existence in the United States during the mid-1970s, and became a large part of modern pop culture during the 1980s. ... “Houston” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Memphis (disambiguation). ... “Dallas” redirects here. ... A remix is an alternative version of a song, different from the original version. ... Hip hop music is a style of music which came into existence in the United States during the mid-1970s, and became a large part of modern pop culture during the 1980s. ... The first two measures of Mozarts Sonata XI, which indicates the tempo as Andante grazioso and a modern editors metronome marking: = 120. “Andante” redirects here. ... Scratching is a DJ or turntablist technique used to produce sounds for some types of music. ...

Contents

Overview

The style was developed in Houston, Texas[1] by DJ Screw, which remains the location most associated with the style. The late DJ Screw, a South Houston DJ, is credited with the creation of and early experimentation with the genre. DJ Screw began making mixtapes of Houston rappers' slowed-down music in the early 1990s. Originally, this process involved mixing two copies of the same record, slowed down either on the turntables using pitch shift or, later, through use of an after-mixer device. Phasing, Flanging and echo effects were originally the result of the two records being played at millisecond intervals. “Houston” redirects here. ... DJ Screw, born Robert Earl Davis, Jr. ... DJ Screw, born Robert Earl Davis, Jr. ... The South Park community of Houston, Texas is a broad post-World War II development in the south-central area of the city, just south of MacGregor Park (from which it gets its name) and the 610 Loop. ... DJ Screw, born Robert Earl Davis, Jr. ... For the band, see 1990s (band). ... Turntablism is the art ofSubscript text manipulating sounds and creating music using phonograph turntables and an audio mixer. ... Definition of phase shift Phase shifting describes relative phase shift in superposing waves. ... Flanging is a time-based audio effect that occurs when two identical signals are mixed together, but with one signal time-delayed by a small and gradually changing amount, usually smaller than 20 ms (milliseconds). ... In audio signal processing and acoustics, an echo (plural echoes) is a reflection of sound, arriving at the listener some time after the direct sound. ... One millisecond is one-thousandth of a second. ...


Some Houston-area artists (e.g. Ganksta N-I-P and Willie D) began to incorporate the slowed tempo into rap songs. Willie D's Die, from the album I'm Goin Out Lika Soldier, featured a slowed-down sample of Scarface's line "Balls and my word" (from the feature film) well before chopped and screwed gained more mainstream acceptance. Willie D (born Willie James Dennis November 1, 1966, Houston, Texas, USA) is an American rapper who gained fame as the lead member of the Geto Boys, a controversial group known for explicit violent and sexual lyrical content. ... Scarface is a 1983 film directed by Brian De Palma, written by Oliver Stone and starring Al Pacino as Antonio Tony Montana. ...


The genre was associated with both the use of marijuana and the consumption of "syrup," prescription cough syrup which can contain the narcotic drugs codeine or hydrocodone in combination with other things like promethazine (not the dissociative-anesthetic drug dextromethorphan found in over-the-counter Robitussin, as is often mistaken). This has been credited with influencing the genre's psychedelic style. A Cannabis sativa plant The drug cannabis, also called marijuana, is produced from parts of the cannabis plant, primarily the cured flowers and gathered trichomes of the female plant. ... Purple Drank is an illegal recreational drink popular amongst Blacks of the Southern United States. ... Codeine (INN) or methylmorphine is an opiate used for its analgesic, antitussive and antidiarrheal properties. ... Hydrocodone or dihydrocodeinone (marketed as Vicodin, Anexsia, Dicodid, Hycodan (or generically Hydromet), Hycomine, Lorcet, Lortab, Norco, Novahistex, Hydroco, Tussionex, Vicoprofen, Xodol) is a semi-synthetic opioid derived from two of the naturally occurring opiates, codeine and thebaine. ... Promethazine is a first-generation H1 receptor antagonist antihistamine and antiemetic medication. ... A dissociative is a drug which reduces (or blocks) signals to the conscious mind from other parts of the brain, typically, but not necessarily, or limited to the physical senses. ... Dextromethorphan (DXM or DM) is an antitussive (cough-suppressant) drug found in many over-the-counter cold and cough medicines. ... For psychedelics, see psychedelic drug. ...


DJ Screw made a significant number of mixtapes (purported to be in the thousands), usually with a theme. This provided a significant outlet for MCs in the south Houston area, and helped local rappers such as Lil' Flip, E.S.G., UGK, Lil' Keke, and Z-Ro gain regional and sometimes national prominence. Early tapes were often screwed and chopped versions of instrumentals over which rappers would later freestyle, but later tapes were mostly vocal tracks with occasional toasting or freestyle intermissions. By the time of Screw's death in 2000, the genre had become widely known throughout the southern United States. DJ Screw, born Robert Earl Davis, Jr. ... In music, a theme is the initial or primary melody. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... E.S.G. (born Cedric Hill) is a rapper from Houston, Texas (though he was born in Louisiana and moved to Houston later in life) who trailblazed through the late-90s movement and helped popularize the Screwed and Chopped which was created by DJ Screw and a style associated with... UGK (short for Underground Kingz) is a hip-hop duo from Port Arthur, Texas. ... Lil Keke (born Marcus Lakee Edwards, October 31, 1976) is a rapper from Houston, Texas who is an emcee and member of the Screwed Up Click. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Freestyle rap is an improvisational form of rapping, performed with few or no previously composed lyrics, which is said to reflect a direct mapping of the mental state and performing situation of the artist. ... Toasting, chatting, or DJing is the act of talking or chanting over a rhythm or beat. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ...


Mississippi rapper David Banner released a chopped and screwed version of his Mississippi: The Album in 2003, marking one of the first efforts by a Mississippi artist. Other southern recording artists, including Eightball and MJG, Lil' Troy, The Geto Boys, MC Breed, and Three 6 Mafia, as well as Chicago's Do or Die, had similar success. This article is about a musician. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Eightball and MJG are a US Southern hip hop duo from Memphis, Tennessee. ... Lil Troy who featured in his songs many members of the Screwed Up Click managed to break out of Houstons thriving rap scene in the late 90s with Wanna Be a Baller, one of the few Houston-based songs to reach national audiences. ... The Geto Boys are a gangsta rap group from Houston, Texas, consisting of Scarface, Willie D and Bushwick Bill. ... Eric T. MC Breed (b. ... Three 6 Mafia (formerly known as Triple Six Mafia) is an American hip hop group, consisting of two members. ... Do or Die is a gangsta rap trio originally from Chicago, Illinois, USA. The group experienced mainstream success with the single Po Pimp, a collaboration with fellow Chicago rapper Twista, off the album Picture This. Group members are Belo Zero, N.A.R.D. and AK-47. ...


Currently, the style is exemplified in the music of Swishahouse DJs such as OG Ron C and Michael 5000 Watts. Their work has helped establish current rappers Paul Wall, Chamillionaire, Slim Thug, and Mike Jones, and rap groups such as The Color Changin' Click. More major recording labels have embraced the genre, and chopped and screwed albums occasionally outsell their unmixed counterparts. Swishahouse is a Houston, Texas based independent, southern rap record label started by DJ Michael 5000 Watts & Slim Thug in the early 1990s. ... OG Ron C the official DJ to Chamillionaire. ... Michael 5000 Watts is a DJ from Houston, Texas (more specifically, the Homestead area on the northeast side of Houston) who specializes in the Chopped & Screwed technique of southern rap. ... Paul William Slayton (born Paul Gideon Manry on March 11, 1981) known by his stage name Paul Wall, is a rapper, DJ, promoter and jeweller from Houston, Texas. ... Hakeem Seriki (born November 28, 1979, in Washington, D.C.) is an American entrepreneur and Grammy Award winning rapper from the Acres Homes section of Houston, Texas. ... Slim Thug (born Stayve Jerome Thomas on September 8, 1980 in Houston, Texas) is an American rapper. ... Mike Jones (born January 6, 1981 in Aldine, Texas, USA) is an African American southern rap artist, who initially was affiliated with the record label Swishahouse, then left to be the owner of Ice Age Entertainment. ... The Color Changin Click or CCC now also known as Chamillitary is a rap group which was started by rapper Chamillionaire and Paul Wall which features rappers such as Paul Wall, Lew Hawk, 50/50 Twin, Rasaq (Chamillionaires younger brother), and Yung Ro. ...


Paul Wall's commercial success in 2005 has made him the most prominent artist working within the genre. It also marked a movement in production technique from turntables to the use of Vinyl Emulation Software. Paul Wall appeared on MTV Jams during the summer of 2005 to host a block of chopped and screwed music videos and to talk about the remix technique he uses. In April 2005 the first albums from the genre were made available at the iTunes Music Store. Paul William Slayton (born Paul Gideon Manry on March 11, 1981) known by his stage name Paul Wall, is a rapper, DJ, promoter and jeweller from Houston, Texas. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... “Tonearm” redirects here. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ... Paul William Slayton (born Paul Gideon Manry on March 11, 1981) known by his stage name Paul Wall, is a rapper, DJ, promoter and jeweller from Houston, Texas. ... MTV Jams is a Viacom-owned American hip-hop/urban music video channel that debuted on May 1, 2002, replacing MTVX. Like its sister stations MTV Hits,VH1 Soul, and CMT Pure Country, MTV Jams is available exclusively on digital cable packages, such as Comcast, Charter, Cox, and other various... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... April 2005 : ← - January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December - → Hamas and Islamic Jihad have declared, in principle, their intention to join the Palestine Liberation Organisation (PLO). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into ITunes. ...


Music videos

During the first half of 2005, numerous popular urban music videos were released in a chopped and screwed form in addition to their original. Among the videos released are: Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

The genre occasionally lends itself to other musical genres; Paul Wall remixed the Transplants' album Haunted Cities in 2005 and The Black Eyed Peas' 2005 album Monkey Business, despite both albums being outside the rap genre. Trae(born Frasier Thompson III on March 5 , 1981) is a Southern rapper from Houston, Texas. ... The Ying Yang Twins are an Atlanta-based crunk rap duo consisting of Kaine (born Eric Jackson on December 16, 1978) and D-Roc (born Deongelo Holmes on February 23, 1979). ... This article is about the rap quartet. ... Lil Jon This article is about the American rap producer. ... Trillville is a rap group from the U.S. city of Atlanta. ... This article is about the musician. ... Brad Jordan,[1] better known by his stage name Scarface (born November 9, 1970 in New Jersey) is an American rapper raised in Houston, Texas. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Ridin is the second single from Chamillionaires album, The Sound of Revenge, and features a guest rap by Krayzie Bone. ... Hakeem Seriki (born November 28, 1979, in Washington, D.C.) is an American entrepreneur and Grammy Award winning rapper from the Acres Homes section of Houston, Texas. ... Paul William Slayton (born Paul Gideon Manry on March 11, 1981) known by his stage name Paul Wall, is a rapper, DJ, promoter and jeweller from Houston, Texas. ... Kanye Omari West (pronounced /kɑnjɛj/) (born June 8, 1977) is an American record producer and rapper who rose to fame in the mid 2000s. ... Trillville is a rap group from the U.S. city of Atlanta. ... For other uses, see Nelly (disambiguation). ... To meet Wikipedia quality standards and WikiProject Music guidelines, this article or section may require cleanup. ... DJ Screw, born Robert Earl Davis, Jr. ... Paul William Slayton (born Paul Gideon Manry on March 11, 1981) known by his stage name Paul Wall, is a rapper, DJ, promoter and jeweller from Houston, Texas. ... Transplants are an American hip hop/punk rock supergroup. ... Haunted Cities is the second album by the Transplants. ... The Black Eyed Peas is an American hip-hop group from Los Angeles, California, who have enjoyed worldwide pop success. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Monkey Business is the fourth album by The Black Eyed Peas, released in various countries in late May to early June 2005 (see 2005 in music). ...


Quotes

  • "Hip hop records are literally slowed down to a molasses-like pace, and beats and lyrics ooze lazily out of the speakers. The result is a heavy, drowsy groove that, over the last 14 years, has exerted a major influence on Southern hip hop culture." (MTV.COM)
  • "If Screw didn't do it, it's not a screw tape." (The Conversation off the album: The Legend)
  • "We call it Screw & Chopped music to pay homage to the Legendary DJ Screw aka The Originator." (Paul Wall)

DJ Screw, born Robert Earl Davis, Jr. ...

Fiction

Kid B is a novel written by Linden Dalecki that was first published in 2006 by Houghton Mifflin. ... Houghton Mifflin Company is a leading educational publisher in the United States. ...

See also

Houston, Texas has long been the focus of an independent hip-hop music scene, influencing and influenced by the larger Southern hip hop and gangsta rap communities. ... Southern rap (or Dirty South hip-hop) is a type of hip hop music that emerged in the late-1990s as a popular force from cities such as New Orleans, Miami, Atlanta, Memphis, Houston, and Dallas. ... The Screwed Up Click also known as S.U.C. is an assortment of rappers from the southside of Houston, Texas started by the late DJ Screw. ...

References

  1. ^ [1]

External links


 
 

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