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Encyclopedia > Chongqing
Municipality of Chongqing
重庆市
Chóngqìng Shì
The Great Hall of the People (Chongqing)
Location within China
Location within China
Coordinates: 39°54′20″N 116°23′29″E / 39.90556, 116.39139
Country Flag of the People's Republic of China People's Republic of China
County-level divisions 40
Township divisions 1259
Settled ca. 316 BC
Government
 - CPC Chongqing Bo Xilai Committee Secretary
 - Mayor Wang Hongju
Area (ranked 26th)
 - Municipality 82,300 km² (31,776.2 sq mi)
Elevation 43.5 m (143 ft)
Population (2006)
 - Municipality 31,442,300
 - Density 382/km² (989.5/sq mi)
 - Urban 4,196,000
 - Ranks in China Populations: 20th; Density: 12th
 - Major nationalities Han - 91%
Tujia - 5%
Miao - 2%
Time zone China Standard Time (UTC+8)
Postal code 4000 00 - 4099 00
Area code(s) 23
License plate prefixes 渝 A, B, C, F, G, H
ISO 3166-2 CN-50
GDP (2007) CNY 411.18 billion
 - per capita CNY 14,622 (19th)(2007)
HDI (2005) 0.745 (18th) — medium
City trees
Ficus lacor
City flowers
Camellia (Camellia japonica)
Website: (Chinese) www.cq.gov.cn
(English) english.cq.gov.cn/

Chongqing (simplified Chinese: 重庆; traditional Chinese: 重慶; pinyin: Chóngqìng; Postal map spelling: Chungking; Wade-Giles: Ch'ung-ch'ing) is the largest and most populous of the People's Republic of China's four provincial-level municipalities, and the only one in the less densely populated western half of China. Formerly (until 14 March 1997) a sub-provincial city within Sichuan Province, the municipality of Chongqing has a registered population of 31,442,300 (2005). The boundaries of Chongqing municipality reach much further into the city's hinterland than the boundaries of the other three provincial level municipalities (Beijing, Shanghai and Tianjin), and much of the municipality, which spans over 20 million acres, is rural. The population of the urban area of Chongqing proper was 4.1 million in 2005 although this figure is disputed owing to difficulties as to where the urban area of Chongqing begins and ends. Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Due to Chinas large population and area, the political divisions of China have consisted of several levels since ancient times. ... Due to Chinas large population and area, the political divisions of China have consisted of several levels since ancient times. ... The Communist Party of China (CPC) (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ), also known as the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), is the ruling political party of the Peoples Republic of China and also the worlds largest political party. ... Bo Xilai (薄熙来; pinyin: Bó XÄ«lái; pronounced Beuh Shyii-lie) (born July 1949) is the current Minister of Commerce of the Peoples Republic of China. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... 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For other province-level divisions, see Political divisions of China. ... Direct-controlled municipalities are the highest-level cities in China, with status equal to that of the provinces. ... is the 73rd day of the year (74th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... This article is about the Chinese province. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Peking redirects here. ... For other uses, see Shanghai (disambiguation). ...   (Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; Postal map spelling: Tientsin) is one of the four municipalities of China. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The municipal abbreviation, 渝 (Yú), was approved by the State Council on 18 April 1997. Chongqing was also a municipality of the old Republic of China. Its abbreviated name is derived from the old name of a part of the Jialing River that runs through Chongqing and feeds the Yangtze River. The State Council (国务院, pinyin: Guówùyuàn), which is largely synonymous with the Central Peoples Government (中央人民政府), is the chief administrative authority of the Peoples Republic of China. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... For the Chinese civilization, see China. ... The Jialing River (Simplified Chinese: 嘉陵江; Traditional Chinese: 嘉陵江; pinyin: jÄ«alíngjiāng; Wade-Giles: chia-ling-chiang) is a tributary of the Yangtze River with its source in Gansu province. ... The Yangtze River or Chang Jiang (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), or Drichu in Tibetan (Tibetan: འབ; Wylie: bri chu) is the longest river in Asia and the third longest in the world, after the Nile in Africa, and the Amazon in South America. ...

Contents

History

Chongqing is said to be the semi-mythical State of Ba that the Ba people supposedly established during the eleventh century BCE. By 316 BCE, however, it had been overrun by the State of Qin. The Qin emperor ordered a new city to be constructed, which was called Jiang (江州) and Chu Prefecture (楚州). Ba (å·´) was an ancient state in eastern Sichuan, China. ... Centuries: 5th century BC - 4th century BC - 3rd century BC Decades: 360s BC 350s BC 340s BC 330s BC 320s BC 310s BC 300s BC 290s BC 280s BC 270s BC 260s BC 321 BC 320 BC 319 BC 318 BC 317 BC 316 BC 315 BC 314 BC 313... State of Qin (small seal script, 220 BC) Qin or Chin (Wade-Giles) (秦) (778 BC-207 BC) was a state during the Spring and Autumn and Warring States Periods of China. ...


Chongqing was subsequently renamed in 581 CE (Sui Dynasty) and 1102, to Yu Prefecture (渝州) and then Gong Prefecture (). It received its current name in 1189, after Prince Zhao Dun of the Southern Song Dynasty described his crowning as king and then Emperor Guangzong as a "double/repeated happy celebration" (simplified Chinese: 双重喜庆; traditional Chinese: 雙重喜慶; pinyin: shuāngchóng xǐqìng). Hence, Yu Prefecture became Chongqing subprefecture to mark the occasion.[citation needed] Events The Sui Dynasty replaces the Northern Zhou Dynasty, the last of the Northern Dynasties in China. ... The Sui Dynasty of China amongst the Asian, African, and European spheres of the world, 600 AD. The Sui Dynasty (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; 581-618 AD[1]) followed the Southern and Northern Dynasties and preceded the Tang Dynasty in China. ... Events Valencia is captured by the Almoravids. ... Events January 21 - Philip II of France and Richard I of England begin to assemble troops to wage the Third Crusade September 3- Richard I of England is crowned as king of England. ... Alternative meaning: Song Dynasty (420-479) The Song dynasty (Chinese: 宋朝) was a ruling dynasty in China from 960-1279. ... Simplified Chinese character (Simplified Chinese: or ; traditional Chinese: or ; pinyin: or ) is one of two standard sets of Chinese characters of the contemporary Chinese written language. ... Traditional Chinese characters refers to one of two standard sets of printed Chinese characters. ... Pinyin, more formally called Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), is the most common variant of Standard Mandarin romanization system in use. ... Subprefecture is an administrative level that is below prefecture or province. ...


In 1362, (Yuan Dynasty), Ming Yuzhen, a peasant rebel leader, established the Daxia Kingdom at Chongqing for a short time. Centuries: 13th century - 14th century - 15th century Decades: 1310s 1320s 1330s 1340s 1350s - 1360s - 1370s 1380s 1390s 1400s 1410s Years: 1357 1358 1359 1360 1361 - 1362 - 1363 1364 1365 1366 1367 See also: 1362 state leaders Events Under Edward III, English replaces French as Englands national language, for the... Capital Dadu Language(s) Mongolian Chinese Government Monarchy Emperor  - 1260-1294 Kublai Khan  - 1333-1370 (Cont. ...


In 1621, another short-lived kingdom of Daliang was established there. 1621 was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ...


Between 1627-1645, with the fall of the Ming Dynasty, Chongqing, together with Sichuan, were captured by the Revolts who overthrew the Ming Dynasty across the nation. Later during the Qing Dynasty, immigration to Chongqing and Sichuan took place with the support of Qing emperor.


In 1891, Chongqing became the first inland commerce port open to foreigners. Year 1891 (MDCCCXCI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


From 1929, Chongqing became a municipality of the Republic of China. During the Second Chinese-Japanese War (1937-1945), it was Chiang Kai-shek's provisional capital and was heavily bombed by the Japanese Air Force. Luckily, due to its mountainous environment, many people were saved from the bombing. Many factories and universities were moved from eastern China to Chongqing during WWII, transforming this city from inland port to a heavily industrialized city. Year 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Chinese civilization, see China. ... The Second Sino-Japanese War was a major invasion of eastern China by Japan preceding and during World War II. It ended with the surrender of Japan in 1945. ... Chiang Kai-shek (October 31, 1887 – April 5, 1975) was the Chinese military and political leader who assumed the leadership of the Kuomintang (KMT) after the death of Sun Yat-sen in 1925. ... The Bombing of Chongqing (February 18, 1938 - August 23, 1943) was a Japanese strategic bombing campaign against the Chinese provisional capital of Chongqing that lasted 5 1/2 years. ... The Imperial Japanese Army Air Service, or more traditionally called the Japanese Army Air Force (陸軍航空本部 Rikugun Kōkū Hombu), was Imperial Japans land-based aviation force. ...


In 1954, the municipality was reduced to a provincial city within the Sichuan Province of the People's Republic of China. Year 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1954 Gregorian calendar). ... Provincial cities (省轄市 or 省管市), sometimes translated provincial municipalities, are cities lesser in rank than direct-controlled municipalities of the Republic of China. ... This article is about the Chinese province. ...


On 14 March 1997, the Eighth National People's Congress decided to merge the city with the neighbouring Fuling, Wanxian, and Qianjiang prefecture-level districts that it had governed on behalf of the province since September 1996. The resulting single division was the Chongqing Municipality, containing 30,020,000 people in forty-three former counties (without intermediate political levels). The municipality became the spearhead of China's effort to develop its western regions and coordinate the resettlement of refugees from the Three Gorges Dam project. Its first official ceremony took place on 18 June 1997. is the 73rd day of the year (74th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... The Great Hall of the People, where the NPC convenes The National Peoples Congress (全国人民代表大会 in Pinyin: Quánguó Rénmín Dàibiǎo Dàhuì, literally Pan-Nation Congress of the Peoples Representatives), abbreviated PNCOTPR, is the highest legislative body in the Peoples Republic of China. ... Fuling (涪陵) is a district of Chongqing Municipality of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Wanzhou (万州) is a district of Chongqing Municipality of the Peoples Republic of China, in the Three Gorges. ... Qianjiang District (Simplified Chinese: 黔江区; Traditional Chinese: 黔江區; pinyin: ) is a district in the southeastern part of Chongqing Municipality of the Peoples Republic of China. ... For other uses, see September (disambiguation). ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... The Three Gorges Dam (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is a Chinese hydroelectric river dam that spans the Yangtze River in Sandouping, Yichang, Hubei, China. ... is the 169th day of the year (170th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ...


Administrative divisions

People's Liberation Monument (World War II victory monument).
People's Liberation Monument (World War II victory monument).
Commercial high-rise buildings around the People's Liberation Monument.
The confluence of the Jialing River and Yangtze River, as seen from Chongqing.
Hydrofoil on the Yangtze, within the Chongqing municipality.
See also: List of administrative divisions of Chongqing

Chongqing Municipality is divided into forty county-level subdivisions (three abolished in 1997), consisting of nineteen districts, seventeen counties, and four autonomous counties. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1573x1143, 1247 KB) Summary Land mark of Chongqing, Peoples Liberation Monument(Anti-Japanese War Victory Monument) in the city center area. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1573x1143, 1247 KB) Summary Land mark of Chongqing, Peoples Liberation Monument(Anti-Japanese War Victory Monument) in the city center area. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1632x1224, 374 KB) Summary World Trade Center, Chongqing. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1632x1224, 374 KB) Summary World Trade Center, Chongqing. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Chongqingyangtze. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Chongqingyangtze. ... The Jialing River (Simplified Chinese: 嘉陵江; Traditional Chinese: 嘉陵江; pinyin: jÄ«alíngjiāng; Wade-Giles: chia-ling-chiang) is a tributary of the Yangtze River with its source in Gansu province. ... The Yangtze River or Chang Jiang (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), or Drichu in Tibetan (Tibetan: འབ; Wylie: bri chu) is the longest river in Asia and the third longest in the world, after the Nile in Africa, and the Amazon in South America. ... Meteor hydrofoil on the Chang Jiang (Yangtze) river. ... Meteor hydrofoil on the Chang Jiang (Yangtze) river. ... This article is about marine engineering. ... Length 6,380 km Elevation of the source  ? m Average discharge 31,900 m³/s Area watershed 1,800,000 km² Origin Qinghai Province and Tibet Mouth East China Sea Basin countries China The Chang Jiang (Simplified Chinese: 长江; Traditional Chinese: 長江; pinyin: Cháng Jiāng; Wade-Giles: Chang Chiang...

Districts
Pinyin name Hanzi Previous
associationa
Banan 巴南区 Chongqing
Beibei 北碚区
Changshou 长寿区
Dadukou 大渡口区
Fuling 涪陵区 Fuling
Hechuan 合川区 Chongqing
Jiangbei 江北区
Jiangjin 江津区
Jiulongpo 九龙坡区
Nan'an 南岸区
Nanchuan 南川区 Fuling
Qianjiang 黔江区 Qianjiang
Shapingba 沙坪坝区 Chongqing
Shuangqiao 双桥区
Wansheng 万盛区
Wanzhou 万州区 Wanxian
Yubei 渝北区 Chongqing
Yongchuan 永川区
Yuzhong 渝中区
Counties
Pinyin name Hanzi Previous
associationa
Bishan 璧山县 Chongqing
Chengkou 城口县 Wanxian
Dazu 大足县 Chongqing
Dianjiang 垫江县 Fuling
Fengdu 丰都县
Fengjie 奉节县 Wanxian
Kai 开县
Liangping 梁平县
Qijiang 綦江县 Chongqing
Rongchang 荣昌县
Tongliang 铜梁县
Tongnan 潼南县
Wulong 武隆县 Fuling
Wushan 巫山县 Wanxian
Wuxi 巫溪县
Yunyang 云阳县
Zhong 忠县
Autonomous counties
Pinyin name Hanzi Previous
associationa
Pengshui Miao and Tujia 彭水苗族土家族自治县 Qianjiang
Shizhu Tujia 石柱土家族自治县
Xiushan Tujia and Miao 秀山土家族苗族自治县
Youyang Tujia and Miao 酉阳土家族苗族自治县

a Indicates with which district the division was associated below prior to the merging of Chongqing, Fuling, Wanxian (now Wanzhou) and Qianjiang in 1997. Pinyin, more formally called Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), is the most common variant of Standard Mandarin romanization system in use. ... Technical note: Due to technical limitations, some web browsers may not display some special characters in this article. ... Fuling District (涪陵) is a district of Chongqing Municipality, Peoples Republic of China. ... Jiulongpo (Simplified Chinese: 九龙坡; Traditional Chinese: 九龍坡; pinyin: ) is a district belonging to Chongqing. ... Qianjiang (黔江) is a southeastern district of Chongqing Municipality of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Shapingba (Simplified Chinese: , Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: Shāpíngbà) is a district of Chongqing, Peoples Republic of China, it was once known as Shaci Qu (Simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: Shācí Qù; Traditional Chinese: ) during the Sino-Japanese War. ... Wanzhou District (Simplified Chinese: 万州区; Traditional Chinese: 萬州區; pinyin: ), formerly Wanxian or Wan County (Simplified Chinese: 万县; Traditional Chinese: 萬縣; pinyin: ) is a district of Chongqing Municipality of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Pinyin, more formally called Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), is the most common variant of Standard Mandarin romanization system in use. ... Technical note: Due to technical limitations, some web browsers may not display some special characters in this article. ... Stone monument looking over Fengdu View of Fengdu from a pagoda Fengdu County (Simplified Chinese:丰都县; Traditional Chinese: 酆都縣) is a county of Chongqing Municipality in China. ... Kai County (开县) is a county of Chongqing Municipality in China. ... Wuxi County (巫溪县) is a county of Chongqing Municipality in China. ... Pinyin, more formally called Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), is the most common variant of Standard Mandarin romanization system in use. ... Technical note: Due to technical limitations, some web browsers may not display some special characters in this article. ... Pengshui Miao and Tujia Autonomous County (彭水苗族土家族自治縣 Pinyin: Pengshui Miaozu Tujiazu Zizhixian) is located in southeastern Chongqing, China. ... Shizhu Tujia Autonomous County, or Shizhu County for short(石柱土家族自治县 Pinyin: Shízhù TÇ”jiāzú Zìzhìxiàn) is located in southeastern Chongqing, China. ...


The urban area of Chongqing proper (重庆市区) includes the following districts: Cities with at least a million inhabitants in 2006 An urban area is an area with an increased density of human-created structures in comparison to the areas surrounding it. ...

  • Yuzhong (渝中区, or "Central Chongqing District"), the central and most densely populated district, where government offices are located
  • Nan'an (南岸区, or "Southern Bank District")
  • Jiangbei (江北区, or "North of the River District")
  • Shapingba (沙坪坝区)
  • Jiulongpo (九龙坡区)
  • Dadukou (大渡口区)

Shapingba (Simplified Chinese: , Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: Shāpíngbà) is a district of Chongqing, Peoples Republic of China, it was once known as Shaci Qu (Simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: Shācí Qù; Traditional Chinese: ) during the Sino-Japanese War. ... Jiulongpo (Simplified Chinese: 九龙坡; Traditional Chinese: 九龍坡; pinyin: ) is a district belonging to Chongqing. ...

Geography

Chongqing skyscrapers
Chongqing skyscrapers
Geographic coordinates  
105°17'-110°11' East, 28°10'-32°13' North
Annual average temperature 
18°C (64°F)
Temperature range  
0 C - 43 C (32 F - 109 F)
Total annual hours of sunshine 
1000 to 1200
Annual precipitation 
1000 to 1400 mm (39 in - 47 in)
Neighboring provinces  
Hubei (east), Hunan (southeast), Guizhou (south), Sichuan (west), Shaanxi (north)

Located on the edge of the Yungui Plateau, Chongqing is intersected by the Jialing River and the upper reaches of the Yangtze. It contains Daba Shan in the north, Wu Shan in the east, Wuling Shan in the southeast, and Dalou Mountain to the south. Chongqing has a humid subtropical climate influenced by monsoon. Summers are amongst the hottest in China, with an average high of 95F (35C) in August. Winters are fairly mild, but damp and overcast; average January highs are 48F (9C). Chongqing has one of the lowest sunshine totals annually in China. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1944x2592, 1025 KB) Summary Description: Towncentre of Chongqing, China Source: Photograph by myself Date: August 2004 Photographer: m1la Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Chongqing Metadata... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1944x2592, 1025 KB) Summary Description: Towncentre of Chongqing, China Source: Photograph by myself Date: August 2004 Photographer: m1la Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Chongqing Metadata... This article is about longitude and latitude; see also UTM coordinate system Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically); large version (pdf) The geographic (earth-mapping) coordinate system expresses every horizontal position on Earth by two of the three coordinates of a spherical coordinate system which... For other uses, see Temperature (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Celsius (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Fahrenheit (disambiguation). ... A millimetre (American spelling: millimeter), symbol mm is an SI unit of length that is equal to one thousandth of a metre. ... Hubei (Chinese: 湖北; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Hu-pei; Postal System Pinyin: Hupeh) is a central province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Not to be confused with the unrelated provinces of Hainan, Henan, and Yunnan. ... (Simplified Chinese: 贵州; Traditional Chinese: è²´å·ž; pinyin: Gùizhōu; Wade-Giles: Kuei-chou; also spelled Kweichow) is a province of the Peoples Republic of China located in the southwestern part of the country. ... This article is about the Chinese province. ...   (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ShÇŽnxÄ«; Wade-Giles: Shan-hsi; Postal map spelling: Shensi) is a north-central province of the Peoples Republic of China, and includes portions of the Loess Plateau on the middle reaches of the Yellow River as well as the Qinling Mountains across the... The Jialing River (Simplified Chinese: 嘉陵江; Traditional Chinese: 嘉陵江; pinyin: jÄ«alíngjiāng; Wade-Giles: chia-ling-chiang) is a tributary of the Yangtze River with its source in Gansu province. ... The Yangtze River or Chang Jiang (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), or Drichu in Tibetan (Tibetan: འབ; Wylie: bri chu) is the longest river in Asia and the third longest in the world, after the Nile in Africa, and the Amazon in South America. ...


The city is very hilly and is the only major metropolitan area in China without significant numbers of bicycles.


Politics

Main article: Politics of Chongqing

The politics of Chongqing is structured in a dual party-government system like all other governing institutions in the People's Republic of China.


The Mayor of Chongqing is the highest ranking official in the People's Government of Chongqing. Since Chongqing is a centrally administered municipality, the mayor occupies the same level in the order of precedence as provincial governors. However, in the city's dual party-government governing system, the mayor has less power than the Chongqing Communist Party of China Municipal Committee Secretary, colloquially termed the "Chongqing CPC Party Chief". The Communist Party of China (CPC) (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ), also known as the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), is the ruling political party of the Peoples Republic of China and also the worlds largest political party. ...


In terms of political status, Chongqing is as important as Beijing, Tianjin, and Shanghai.


Economy

INDUSTRY: Historically, Chongqing has been a major trading inland port, transporting goods from the southwestern provinces to eastern China. During the Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945), Chongqing was transformed into a heavy industrial city, especially the military industry which continued to thrive for decades after 1949. Since the 1980s, many of these military industry enterprises have undergone reforms and turned from producing military goods to mostly civilian products for survival and growth. Today, Chongqing is one of the most significant economic powerhouses of China. The Second Sino-Japanese War was a major invasion of eastern China by Japan preceding and during World War II. It ended with the surrender of Japan in 1945. ... Year 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The 1980s refers to the years from 1980 to 1989. ...


Important industries in Chongqing:[2]

  • Mining
  • Military
  • Auto, motorcycle
  • Chemical
  • Textiles
  • Machinery
  • Electronics
  • Food processing
  • Retail
  • Tourism [3]

AGRICULTURE: Chongqing's agricultural sector still employs a significant portion of the population. Other than rice, fruits especially oranges are important sources of income for the farmers. In the past twenty-five years, surplus labor caused a huge number of farmers to migrate to the relatively more developed industrial centers of southern and eastern China for employment opportunities, thus making Chongqing one of the biggest labor export areas in China.

Close-up view of the People's Liberation Monument.
Close-up view of the People's Liberation Monument.

MINING: Chongqing is rich in natural resources, with more than forty kinds of minerals. Its coal reserves are estimated to be 4.8 billion tonnes. The Chuandong Natural Gas Field in Chongqing is China's largest inland production base of natural gas, with deposits of 270 billion m³, accounting for more than one-fifth of China's total. Chongqing contains China’s largest reserve of strontium, and China has the second largest reserve of the mineral in the world. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1676x2372, 403 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Chongqing ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1676x2372, 403 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Chongqing ...


Chongqing is home to Asia's largest aluminum plant, South West Aluminium, which rolled out 213,000 tonnes of finished products in 2004 for companies engaged in building materials, printing, electrical appliances, aerospace, packaging, and vehicle production [4]. Manganese mining is the most important industry in the Xiushan area, but has been criticised for wasting resources, ruining the local environment and causing industrial accidents. A survey in 2005 by China’s State Environmental Protection Administration (SEPA) found 13 firms in the manganese triangle had breached targets on the release of hexavalent chromium and ammonia-nitrogen – in the worst case, by a factor of 180. The clean-up ordered by SEPA resulted in firms closing and the expenditure of 280 million yuan. The State Environmental Protection Administration (SEPA, Simplified Chinese: 国家环境保护总局) is a cabinet-level agency in the executive branch of the Chinese Government (Peoples Republic of China). ...


ECONOMIC STRATEGIES AND DEVELOPMENTS: The central government has recently embarked on an economic policy that is aimed to develop western China: the China Western Development strategy. As part of this new plan, the central government has heavily invested in Chongqing's infrastructure and has made a plan for Chongqing to become the "Gateway to the West"! China Western Development (西部大开发 Pinyin: Xībù Dàkāifā), also Chinas Western Development or Western China Development, is a policy adopted by the Peoples Republic of China to boost its underdeveloped western regions. ...


Located at the head of the reservoir behind the Three Gorges Dam, Chongqing is planned to be the beachhead for the development of the western part of the country. The Three Gorges Dam (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is a Chinese hydroelectric river dam that spans the Yangtze River in Sandouping, Yichang, Hubei, China. ...


With the completion of the Three Gorges Project, its reservoir will bring ocean going ships to the quays of Chongqing. The hope is to make this megalopolis a "Chinese Chicago", opening up the interior, shifting the country's centre of gravity west, and kick-starting the economy – as did Chicago in the United States of the nineteenth century.


Massive public works are currently under way in the city, including overhead and surface commuter rail lines connecting the many districts of the city. Foreign investment in the city is growing at a fast pace. Chongqing is enlarging its commercial sector and will become the financial centre of the West and Central China.


New development zones such as the Chongqing New North Zone (CNNZ) located north of the downtown district have been established to form Chongqing's modern twenty-first century industrial base. [5]


ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE:


In 2006, the nominal GDP of Chongqing Municipality was 348.62 billion yuan (US$45.2 billion), a rise of 11.5%. Its per capita GDP was 12,437 yuan (US$1,610). In 2006, Chongqing was the world's fastest growing metropolis. In a single day new construction added approximately 137,000 square meters of usable floor space to satisfy demands for residential, commercial and factory space. Every day the local population grew by more than 1,300 people and the local economy grew by almost ¥100 million ($12 million USD).[1]


In 2007, the nominal GDP of Chongqing Municipality was 411.18 billion yuan (US$56.3 billion), a rise of 15.3%. Its per capita GDP was 14,339 yuan (US$ 1,964). Among all cities, the economic growth of Chongqing is ranked as the third fastest in China.


Media

Chongqing is served by the Chongqing People's Broadcast Station as the largest radio station. The only municipal-level TV network is Chongqing TV station, claimed to be the 4th largest television station. Chongqing Daily is the largest newspaper group, controlling more than 10 newspapers and one website. Chongqing Broadcasting Group (Station) (CQBS), (Chinese: 重庆电视台, Pinyin: chóng qìng diàn shì tái) is a television station in the Chongqing, China. ...


Transportation

Chongqing is the biggest inland river port in western China. Historically, most of its transportation, especially to eastern China, is via the Yangtze River.


According to Chongqing Municipal Government's ambitious plan in May 2007, Chongqing is going to invest 150 billion RMB in 13 years to finish 513 km of underground/light track system. A transportation network will consist of 9 straight and 1 circular line. However, only one light track line of 19km (Chongqing lightrail line 2 project 1) was finished (2005).


Chongqing is linked to other provinces and cities through several railways and highways, including:


RAILWAYS:

  • Chongqing-Chengdu (Sichuan province) railway
  • Chongqing-Guiyang (Guizhou province) railway
  • Chongqing-Xiangfan (Hubei province) railway
  • Chongqing-Huaihua (Hunan province) railway
  • Chongqing-Suining (Sichuan province) express railway
  • Chongqing Wanzhou-Yichang (Hubei province) railway (under construction)
  • Chongqing-Lanzhou (Gansu province) railway (under construction)

HIGHWAYS: This article is about the Chinese province. ... (Simplified Chinese: 贵州; Traditional Chinese: 貴州; pinyin: Gùizhōu; Wade-Giles: Kuei-chou; also spelled Kweichow) is a province of the Peoples Republic of China located in the southwestern part of the country. ... Hubei (Chinese: 湖北; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Hu-pei; Postal System Pinyin: Hupeh) is a central province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Not to be confused with the unrelated provinces of Hainan, Henan, and Yunnan. ... This article is about the Chinese province. ... Hubei (Chinese: 湖北; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Hu-pei; Postal System Pinyin: Hupeh) is a central province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Gansu (Simplified Chinese: 甘肃; Traditional Chinese: 甘肅; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Kan-su, Kansu, or Kan-suh) is a province located in the northwest of the Peoples Republic of China. ...

  • Chongqing-Chengdu highway
  • Chongqing-Wanxian highway
  • Chongqing-Guiyang highway

Chongqing Jiangbei International Airport, located north of Chongqing, provides links to most parts of China and to other countries. Chongqing Jiangbei International Airport (Simplified Chinese: 重庆江北国际机场, Traditional Chinese: 重慶江北國際機場, Pinyin: Chóngqìng JiāngbÄ›i Guójì JÄ«chÇŽng) (IATA: CKG, ICAO: ZUCK) is an airport located in Chongqing, Peoples Republic of China. ...


Climate

Magnolia street lights in Chongqing.
Magnolia street lights in Chongqing.

The climate is semi-tropical, with the two-season monsoonal variations typical of South Asia. Chongqing street lights in the form of about-to-open magnolia tree flowers. ... Chongqing street lights in the form of about-to-open magnolia tree flowers. ... For other uses, see Monsoon (disambiguation). ...


It has hot summers, and the temperature can be as high as 43°C (109°F). Luckily, wind is often cold and this makes people comfortable during those days.


In the winter, it is a bit wet, but warm.


Chongqing can get foggy sometimes.


The best seasons to visit this city are spring and fall.


Tourism & Landmarks

Chongqing has a number of tourist attractions.


The Dazu Rock Carvings (Chinese: 大足石刻; pinyin: Dàzú Shíkè), in Dazu county, are a series of Chinese religious sculptures and carvings, dating back as far as the 7th century A.D., depicting and influenced by Buddhist, Confucian and Taoist beliefs. Listed as a World Heritage Site, the Dazu Rock Carvings are made up of 75 protected sites containing some 50,000 statues, with over 100,000 Chinese characters forming inscriptions and epigraphs.


Fishing Town or Fishing City (Simplified Chinese: 钓鱼城; Traditional Chinese: 釣魚城; Pingyin: diaoyucheng), also called the “Oriental Mecca” and “the Place That Broke God's Whip”, is one of the three great ancient battlefields of China. It is famous for its resistance to the Mongol armies in the latter half of the Song Dynasty. One of the most notable events was the death of Mongol leader Mongke Khan by cannon shot, which forced the immediate withdrawal of Mongol troops from Europe and Asia and prevented the Mongolian Empire from expanding towards Africa and Western Europe.


In 2005 Chinese tourist authorities began development of an attraction to be known as "Ladies’ Town" in the Shuangqiao District. The 'town's' motto is to be: "Ladies Can Never Be Wrong, and Gentlemen Should Never Refuse Ladies’ Requests." The project is expected to be completed in 2008-2010.


Chongqing has an impressive skyline consisting of numerous skyscrapers. The city is also well known for it's more than three thousand bridges.


Hot pot is Chongqing's local culinary specialty. Tables in hotpot restaurants usually contain a central vat (or pot) where food ordered by the customers is boiled/deep fried. As well as beef, pork, lotus and other vegetables, items such as pig's kidney, brain; duck's bowels; and cow's stomach are often added to the pot. Raw meats ready to be cooked. ...

The Great Hall of the People in Chongqing.
A night view of People's Grand Hall in Chongqing
A night view of People's Grand Hall in Chongqing
  • The city is home to one of the largest public assembly buildings in China, the Great Hall of the People which, though built in modern times, emulates traditional architectural styles. It is adjacent to the densely populated and hilly central district, with narrow streets and pedestrian only walkways.
  • A giant ferris wheel offers spectacular views of the metropolitan area, although it is currently out of action.
  • The People's Liberation Monument, located in the center of Chongqing city, attracts many visitors. It is surrounded by numerous shopping centres.
  • Red Rock Village Museum is a place to attract a lot of people, it is the home of Communist Party Leaders Mao Zedong and Zhou Enlai stayed there for negotiation with Kuomintang on coalition between two parties.
  • In July 2007, the city built a bathroom with 1,000 toilets spread out over 32,290 square feet. Some urinals are uniquely shaped, including ones inside open crocodile mouths and several that are topped by the bust of a woman resembling the Virgin Mary. Officials submitted an application to Guinness World Records to have the free four-story public bathroom listed as the world's largest.[2]

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2560x1920, 754 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Chongqing Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2560x1920, 754 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Chongqing Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 269 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) A night view of the Peoples Grand Hall in Chongqing, China. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 269 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) A night view of the Peoples Grand Hall in Chongqing, China. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Joseph Warren Stilwell (March 19, 1883 – October 12, 1946) was a United States Army four-star general best-known for his service in China. ... A Ferris wheel on the boardwalk in Ocean City, New Jersey, USA. A Ferris wheel (or, more commonly in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland [UK], big wheel) is a nonbuilding structure consisting of an upright wheel with passenger gondolas suspended from the rim. ... For other uses, see Zoo (disambiguation). ... Panda Bear redirects here. ... Trinomial name Panthera tigris amoyensis (Hilzheimer, 1905) South China Tiger range The South China Tiger or South Chinese Tiger (Panthera tigris amoyensis), also known as the Chinese, Amoy, or Xiamen tiger, is a subspecies of tiger native to the forests of Southern China. ... July 2007 is the seventh month of that year. ... The term Virgin Mary has several different meanings: Mary, the mother of Jesus, the historical and multi-denominational concept of Mary Blessed Virgin Mary, the Roman Catholic theological and doctrinal concept of Mary Marian apparitions shrines to the Virgin Mary Virgin Mary in Islam, the Islamic theological and doctrinal concept... Guinness World Records 2008 edition. ...

Astronomical phenomena

The previous total solar eclipse as seen from downtown Chongqing was the solar eclipse of 26 June 1824. The next will be the solar eclipse of 22 July 2009. Photo taken during the 1999 eclipse. ... Solar eclipse of July 22, 2009 The solar eclipse that takes place on Wednesday, July 22, 2009 will be a total eclipse of the Sun with a magnitude of 1. ...


Sister cities

Chongqing Municipality has a Memorandum of Understanding (a form of twinning arrangement) with Wales, UK and became a 'sister region' of Wales in March 2008.[3] Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Düsseldorf (IPA: ) is the capital city of the German Federal State of North Rhine-Westphalia and one of the economic and cultural centres of Germany and western Europe. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... City nickname Emerald City City bird Great Blue Heron City flower Dahlia City mottos The City of Flowers The City of Goodwill City song Seattle, the Peerless City Mayor Greg Nickels County King County Area   - Total   - Land   - Water   - % water 369. ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... For other uses, see Hiroshima (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... Mito (水戸市; -shi) is the capital of Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan and has a central location, moderately offset towards the coast in that prefecture. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image:Brisbane flag. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... New city flag (Occitan cross) Traditional coat of arms Motto: (Occitan: For Toulouse, always more) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Midi-Pyrénées Department Haute-Garonne (31) Intercommunality Community of Agglomeration of Greater Toulouse Mayor Jean-Luc Moudenc  (UMP) (since 2004) City Statistics Land... Image File history File links Flag_of_England. ... This article discusses Leicester in England. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Detroit redirects here. ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... Image File history File links Flag_of_Iran. ... For other uses, see Shiraz (disambiguation). ... This article is about the country. ... The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a country in western Europe, and member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the G8, the European Union, and NATO. Usually known simply as the United Kingdom, the UK, or (inaccurately) as Great Britain or Britain, the UK has four constituent...


In June 2007, a twinning agreement between Chongqing and Sør-Trøndelag was signed.[4] County NO-16 Region Trøndelag Administrative centre Trondheim County mayor Tore O. Sandvik Area  - Total  - Percentage Ranked 7 18,848 km² 5. ...


City tree

The city's tree is the evergreen magnolia (magnolia delavayi) abundant in street plantings, with the tulip-like shape of its mature unopened blooms repeated in street lights. This article is about the plant. ... Binomial name Magnolia delavayi Chinese evergreen magnolia, Magnolia delavayi, as its name suggests, is native to the Southern half of China. ...


Colleges and universities

Chongqing University 重庆大学 founded in 1929
Southwest University 西南大学 founded in 1906
Chongqing Institute of Technology 重庆工学院
Chongqing Jiaotong University 重庆交通大学
Chongqing Normal University 重庆师范大学
Chongqing Technology and Business University 重庆工商大学
Chongqing Three Gorges University 重庆三峡学院
Chongqing University of Posts and Telecommunications 重庆邮电学院
Yangtze Nomal University 长江师范学院 founded in 1931
Sichuan Fine Arts Institute 四川美术学院
Sichuan International Studies University 四川外语学院
Southwest University of Political Science and Law 西南政法大学
Third Military Medical University 第三军医大学
Western Chongqing University 渝西学院
Chongqing University of Medical Sciences 重庆医科大学
Chongqing University of Science and Technology 重庆科技学院

Institutions without full-time bachelor programs are not listed. Chongqing University (Chinese: 重庆大学 Pinyin: Chóngqìng Dàxué) is a Project 211 university in China, located in the Shapingba district of Chongqing. ... Southwest University(西南大学), founded in Chongqing, China in the year 2005, is a key national public university. ... Chongqing Institute of Technology (重庆工学院) is a public university located in Chongqing, China. ... Chongqing Jiaotong University (重庆交通学院) is a public university located in Chongqing, China. ... Chongqing Normal University (重庆师范大学) is a public university located in Chongqing, China. ... Chongqing Technology and Business University (重庆工商大学) is a public university located in Nanan District, Chongqing, China. ... Chongqing Three Gorges University (重庆三峡学院) is a public university located in Chongqing, China. ... Chongqing University of Posts and Telecommunications (重庆邮电大学) is a public university located in Chongqing, China. ... Sichuan Fine Arts Institute (四川美术学院) is a public university located in Chongqing, China. ... Sichuan International Studies University (四川外语学院) is a public university located in Chongqing and Chengdu, China. ... Southwest University of Political Science & Law (西南政法大学) is a public university located in Chongqing, China. ... Western Chongqing University (渝西学院) is a public university located in Chongqing, China. ...


Sports

Professional sports teams in Chongqing include:

The Chinese Football Association Super League (中国足球协会超级联赛 or 超级联赛 or 中超) or Chinese Super League or China Super League, known as the CSL, is the premier league of Chinese football (soccer), under the auspices of the Chinese Football Association. ... Chongqing Qiche is a Chinese Super League club which finished bottom for both the first and the second season. ... The Chinese Basketball Association (CBA; Chinese 中国男子篮球职业联赛) is the premier professional basketball league in the Peoples Republic of China. ...

See also

This list ranks cities in the Peoples Republic of China by population. ...

Notes

  1. ^ "Wikinomics: How Mass Collaboration Changes Everything," Don Tapscott and Anthony D. Williams, Penguin, p. 218, 2006.
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ Why Chongqing? Wales Week The Trade Mission Chongqing, 1 – 8 March
  4. ^ http://www.norway.cn/norway_and_china/friendship/TwinningAgreement.htm

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Chongqing
  • Chongqing Municipal Government website
  • Chongqing travel guide from Wikitravel
  • Current TV segment on Chongqing

Coordinates: 29°33′00″N, 106°30′25″E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Chongqing: a must-see misty city (805 words)
Chongqing, the nation's newest municipality, established in 1998, has been given the role of serving as a bridge between China's developed eastern coastal areas and the economically backward west regions.
The Chongqing Municipal Museum, Hongyan Revolutionary Museum (the former office of the Eighth Route Army), the cemetery of the revolutionary martyrs in the Gele Mountain (Zhazi Cave and Bais' Residence, both prisons before 1949), the former Official Residence of Jiang Kai-shek and the Residence of Zhang Zhizhong (Gui Yuan) are all worth a look.
Chongqing dishes are rich in flavour and use almost 40 different cooking methods in their preparation.
Chongqing - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2059 words)
The population of the urban area of Chongqing proper was 12.057 million in 2005, ranking it as the 3rd largest city in China in terms of population.
Chongqing is said to be the semi-mythical State of Ba that began in 11th century BC, when the Ba people began living here until they were destroyed by the State of Qin in 316 BC.
Chongqing was the provisional capital of the government of Chiang Kai-shek during the Second Chinese-Japanese War from 1937 to 1945 and was heavily bombed by the Japanese Air Force, called "Bombing of Chongqing".
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