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Encyclopedia > Chongjin
Ch'ŏngjin City
Korean Name
McCune-Reischauer Ch'ŏngjin-si
Revised Romanization Cheongjin-si
Hangul 청진시
Hanja 淸津市
Statistics
Population 327,000 (estimated 2006)
Area  ?
Government Capital of North Hamgyŏng; former Directly Governed City
Administrative Divisions 7 wards ("Kuyŏk")
Region Kwanbuk
Dialect Hamgyŏng
Split from North Hamgyŏng,
1960, 1977
Rejoined North Hamgyŏng,
1967, 1985

Ch'ŏngjin (Ch'ŏngjin-si), North Korea's third largest city. It is also the capital of the North Hamgyŏng Province in North Korea. From 1960 to 1967 and again from 1977 to 1985, Ch'ŏngjin was administered separately from North Hamgyŏng as a Directly Governed City (Chikhalsi). Prior to 1960, from 1967 to 1977, and since 1985, the city has been part of the North Hamgyŏng Province. McCune-Reischauer romanization is one of the two most widely used Korean language romanization systems, along with the Revised Romanization of Korean, which replaced (a modified) McCune-Reischauer as the official romanization system in South Korea in 2000. ... The Revised Romanization of Korean (Korean: 국어의 로마자 표기법; 國語의 로마字 表記法) is the official Korean language romanization system in South Korea. ... Jamo redirects here. ... Hanja is the Korean name for Chinese characters. ... North Hamgyŏng (Hamgyŏng-pukto) is a province of North Korea. ... In North and South Korea, Special cities, Metropolitan Cities, and Directly Governed Cities are cities that have a status equivalent to that of Provinces (Do). ... Korea has traditionally been divided into a number of unofficial regions that reflect historical, geographical, and dialect boundaries within the peninsula. ... Kwanbuk is a region in North Hamgyong and South Hamgyong Provinces of North Korea. ... The Korean language is spoken in a number of different dialects around the Korean peninsula. ... North Hamgyŏng (Hamgyŏng-pukto) is a province of North Korea. ... 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1960 calendar). ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ... North Hamgyŏng (Hamgyŏng-pukto) is a province of North Korea. ... 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (the link is to a full 1967 calendar). ... 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... North Hamgyŏng (Hamgyŏng-pukto) is a province of North Korea. ... 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1960 calendar). ... 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (the link is to a full 1967 calendar). ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ... 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... In North and South Korea, Special cities, Metropolitan Cities, and Directly Governed Cities are cities that have a status equivalent to that of Provinces (Do). ...

Contents

Administrative divisions

Ch'ŏngjin is divided into 7 wards ("Kuyŏk").

  • Ch'ŏngam-guyŏk (청암구역; 青岩區域)
  • P'ohang-guyŏk (포항구역; 浦港區域)
  • Puyun-guyŏk (부윤구역; 富潤區域)
  • Ranam-guyŏk (라남구역; 羅南區域)
  • Sinam-guyŏk (신암구역; 新岩區域)
  • Songp'yŏng-guyŏk (송평구역; 松坪區域)
  • Sunam-guyŏk (수남구역; 水南區域)

Originally Chongjin was only a small fishing village, located in northeastern Korea. In 1908, the Japanese, in order to facilitate a sea route for the northeast Chinese and Korean resources, opened this small fishing village as a trade port. In 2003, the government of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (Also known as DPRK and North Korea) formed a northeast Korean trade port here. The People's Republic of China and Russia have set up their Consulates in Chongjin. It is unique for a North Korean city to have a foreign consulate. Chongjin is the administrative centre of the North Hamgyong Province. North Korea, officially the Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea (DPRK; Korean: Chosŏn Minjujuŭi Inmin Konghwaguk; Hangul: 조선민주주의인민공화국; Hanja: 朝鮮民主主義人民共和國), is a country in eastern Asia... North Hamgyŏng (Hamgyŏng-pukto) is a province of North Korea. ...


Geography

Chongjin is located in the northeast of North Korea, in North Hamgyong Province, near the East Korea Bay in the Sea of Japan (East Sea of Korea). Chongjin divides into 7 districts: the Central Business District expands to the south, and the coast section is near the lively Sosongchon River mouth. The city is 50 miles from the Chinese border, and its proximity is allowing a growing market of Chinese goods sold on the streets. Outside of the capital Pyongyang it has one of the largest markets for goods in the country. The East Korea Bay is a bay on the northeastern coast of the Korean Peninsula, between the North Korean provinces of South Hamgyong and Kangwon. ... The Sea of Japan (East Sea) is a marginal sea of the western Pacific Ocean. ... Not to be confused with PyeongChang. ...


Economy

Chongjin is one of the DPRK’s important steel and fiber industry centers. It has a shipyard, locomotive plant, machinery, rubber factory, and equipollent industry. Near the port area are the Chongjin Steel Co., Chemical Textile Co., May 10 Coal Mine Machinery Factory and Kimchaek Iron & Steel; however industrial activities in the city have been severely handicapped due to a lack of resources. Because of the heavy concentration of industries in the area, Chongjin is also the DPRK's air pollution black spot. With the collapse of the Soviet Union and following shortage of oil to generate electricity, many factories have stopped running. One of the first senior U.N. officials permitted to visit the area, Tun Myat, observed in 1997 when the North Korea economic crisis reached its peak, "Chongjin was like a forest of scrap metal, with huge plants that seem to go on for miles and miles that have been turned into rust buckets. I've been all over the world, and I've never seen anything quite like this." The area has little arable land, so the famine in the 1990's hit the residents of Chongjin particularly hard. Small shipyard in Klaksvík (Faroe Islands), reparing fishing vessels Dockyards and shipyards are places which repair and build ships. ... Great Western Railway No. ... Latex being collected from a tapped rubber tree Rubber is an elastic hydrocarbon polymer which occurs as a milky colloidal suspension (known as latex) in the sap of several varieties of plants. ... Two sets A and B are said to be equinumerous if they have the same cardinality, i. ...


Transportation

Main Station of Wonson-Rason Railway and Chongjin-Rason Railway, electric railway connect Rason and capital Pyongyang. Chongjin Airport is equipped with a 2km runway, military and civilian dual purpose air station (CHO); Also may take Chaoyangcun International Airport (YNJ), People's Republic of China. Moreover, the DPRK planned to upgrade an old airport near Hamhung in 2003, so that it would have a 4km runway, and would act as the second international airport. However, it is still not yet completed. The first international airport is in Pyongyang and is called Sunan International Airport (FNJ). Chongjin Airport is a small airport located in north-west of Chongjin, North Hamgyong in North Korea. ... Sunan International Airport (IATA: FNJ, ICAO: ZKPY) is the main airport serving Pyongyang, North Korea, located 24 km from the citys center. ...


Urban transit

Chongjin is the only city in North Korea other than Pyongyang to operate the trams, which are all second-hand from Pyongyang. Originally, it was planned to become a 32km system, but only phase 1 (6km) and phase 2 (7km) were completed. Phase 3 (8km) was supposed to be completed, but was not due to lack of funds Also, due to electricity shortages, the trams run infrequently. Besides trams, trolley buses also operate, but these are operated at an interval of 2 hours. Private taxis do not exist, personal cars are extremely rare, and owning a bicycle is a luxury. Not to be confused with PyeongChang. ...


Culture

It has Chongjin University of Technology, The Chongjin Mine University and Chongjin University of Education, altogether 3 higher education institutes and an aquatic product research centre. Famous scenic sites include hot springs, and Mt. Chibosan. It also has a zoo, but currently has no animals in it. Chongjin's famous product is processed squid. The city is also home to the football (soccer) team, the Chongjin Chandongcha Football (soccer) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... The Chŏngjin Chandongcha is a North Korean football club based in Chongjin, North Hamgyong. ...


See also

This is a list of Wikipedia articles on Korea-related people, places, things, and concepts. ... Map of North Korea The following is a list of cities in North Korea: Pyŏngyang (평양) Anju-si (안주시, 安州市) Chŏngjin-si (청진시, 淸津市) Haeju-si (해주시, 海州市) Hamhŭng-si (함흥시, 咸興市) Hoeryŏng-si (회령시, 會寧市) Hŭichŏn-si (희천시, 熙川市) Hyesan-si (혜산시, 惠山市) Kaechŏn-si (개천시, 价川市) Kaesŏng (개성시, 開城市) Kanggye-si (강계시, 江界市) Kimchaek-si (김책시, 金策市) Manpo-si (만포시, 滿浦市) Munchŏn... Map of North Korea North Korea is located in eastern Asia, on the northern half of the Korean Peninsula. ...

External links

  • Korea Tourist Map(English, Korean, Japanese, Chinese)


Administrative divisions of North Hamgyong province, North Korea
Chongjin | Kimchaek | Hoeryong | Musan | Kyongsong | Kilchu | Hwadae
Myongchon | Hwasong | Orang | Yonsa | Onsong | Saebyol | Undok | Puryong

Coordinates: 41°48′N 129°47′E North Hamgyŏng (Hamgyŏng-pukto) is a province of North Korea. ... Kimchaek, formerly Sŏngjin (성진), is a city in North Hamgyong Province, North Korea. ... Hoeryŏng is a city in North Hamgyŏng Province, North Korea. ... Musan is a city in central North Hamgyong province, North Korea. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Kilchu, also variously romanized as Gilju or Kilju, is a county in North Hamgyong province, North Korea. ... Hwadae is a county in southern North Hamgyong province, North Korea, with an area of about 460 km² and a population of approximately 70,000. ... Myongchon or Myŏngchŏn is a kun, or county, in North Hamgyong province, North Korea. ... Hwasong is a kun, or county, in North Hamgyong province, North Korea. ... Orang is a kun, or county, in North Hamgyong province, North Korea. ... Yonsa is a kun, or county, in North Hamgyong province, North Korea. ... Onsŏng is a county (kun) in North Hamgyong Province, North Korea, near the border with China. ... Saebyol is a kun, or county, in North Hamgyong province, North Korea. ... Undok is a kun, or county, in North Hamgyong province, North Korea. ... Puryong is a kun, or county, in North Hamgyong province, North Korea. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Spartanburg SC | GoUpstate.com | Spartanburg Herald-Journal (711 words)
Chongjin is the administrative centre of the North Hamgyong Province.
Chongjin is located in the northeast of North Korea, in North Hamgyong Province, near the East Korea Bay in the Sea of Japan (East Sea of Korea).
Chongjin is the only city in North Korea other than Pyongyang to operate the trams, which are all second-hand from Pyongyang.
Chongjin Summary (895 words)
Ch'ongjin is the capital of North Hamgyong Province in North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of Korea).
Chongjin is the administrative centre of the North Hamgyong Province.
Chongjin is located in the northeast of North Korea, in North Hamgyong Province, near the East Korea Bay in the Sea of Japan (East Sea of Korea).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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