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Encyclopedia > Chondrosarcoma


A chondrosarcoma is a cancer of the cartilage. It is in a category of cancers called sarcomas. Chondrosarcoma is a rare cancer that can affect people of any age. Chondrosarcoma is graded based on how fast it grows. Grade 1 is a low grade (slow growing) cancer, and grades 2 and 3 are high grade (fast growing) cancers. The most common sites are the pelvic bones, shoulder bones and the upper part of the arms and legs. [1] (http://www.cancerbacup.org.uk/Cancertype/Bone/Typesofbonecancer/Chondrosarcoma#3340)


Treatment

Because chondrosarcomas are rare, they are usually treated at specialist hospitals with Sarcoma Centers. Musculoskeletal Tumor Specialists or Orthopedic Oncologists are the most qualified to treat chondrosarcoma, unless it is located in the skull, spine, or chest cavity, in which case, a Neurosurgeon or Thoracic surgeon experienced with sarcomas would be needed.


Surgery is the main form of treatment for chondrosarcoma. Chemotherapy or radiotherapy are not very effective for most chondrosarcomas.[2] (http://www.cancerbacup.org.uk/Cancertype/Bone/Typesofbonecancer/Chondrosarcoma#3340) Often, a limb-sparing operation can be performed, however in some cases amputation is unavoidable. Amputation of the arm, leg, jaw, or half of the pelvis (called a hemipelvectomy) may be necessary in some cases.


Because chondrosarcoma affects different parts of the body, the type of treatment depends on the size, location, and grade of the tumor. A doctor with experience treating chondrosarcoma in the area the patient has the tumor is very important for successful treatment.


Chondrosarcoma is considered to be a rare form of bone cancer. Even more rare are chondrosarcoma located in the skull base, spine, rib cage, or larnyx. Complete surgical ablation is the treatment, but sometimes this is difficult. Proton Beam Radiation can be useful in these rare locations to make surgery more effective. Follow up scans are extremely important for chondrosarcoma to make sure there has been no recurrence or metastasis, which usually occurs in the lungs. Unlike other cancers, chondrosarcoma can return many years later.


External links

  • A Patient's Guide to Chondrosarcoma (http://www.geocities.com/chondrosarcoma/)
  • Chondrosarcoma Support Group at Yahoo! (http://health.groups.yahoo.com/group/Chondrosarcoma/)
  • CancerBACUP Chondrosarcoma Info Page (http://www.cancerbacup.org.uk/Cancertype/Bone/Typesofbonecancer/Chondrosarcoma/)
  • Bone Tumor.org Fact Page on Chondrosarcoma (http://bonetumor.org/tumors/pages/page39.html)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Chondrosarcoma information and treatment at Mayo Clinic (341 words)
A chondrosarcoma patient receives treatment from a multidisciplinary team that includes orthopedic oncologists (orthopedic surgeons specialize in bone and soft tissue tumors), plastic surgeons, vascular surgeons, rehabilitation experts, medical and radiation oncologists, and a diverse group of allied health professionals.
To diagnose chondrosarcoma, the doctor removes a small sample of the suspected tumor in a procedure known as a biopsy.
Typical locations for chondrosarcoma tumors to develop are the legs, arms or pelvis of adults ages 50 to 70.
Chondrosarcoma - My Child Has - Children's Hospital Boston (1682 words)
Chondrosarcoma is a type of cancer that resembles cartilage, the smooth, flexible, connective tissue that coats the ends of bones and forms joints.
Chondrosarcomas occur primarily in adults, is rarely encountered during the adolescent years and almost never affects young children.
A secondary chondrosarcoma can result from a malignant change in benign tumors such as an osteochondroma (a tumor made of bone and cartilage that occurs near the end of a long bone) or enchondroma (a benign cartilage tumor that is usually found inside the long bones).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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