FACTOID # 17: Though Rhode Island is the smallest state in total area, it has the longest official name: The State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Chocolate chip cookie
A plate of chocolate chip cookies
A chocolate chip cookie

A chocolate chip cookie is a drop cookie, originating in the United States. The distinguishing characteristic is the chocolate chips, with traditional recipes combining a sweet butter brown sugar/white sugar dough with semi-sweet chocolate chips. Variations abound, including recipes with various types of chocolate or additional ingredients, such as nuts or oatmeal. Download high resolution version (2206x1606, 5100 KB) A plate of chocolate chip cookies. ... Download high resolution version (2206x1606, 5100 KB) A plate of chocolate chip cookies. ... Download high resolution version (1185x825, 972 KB) This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Download high resolution version (1185x825, 972 KB) This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... This article is about the food. ... Normal sized semi-sweet chocolate chips Chocolate chips are small chunks of chocolate. ... Chocolate most commonly comes in dark, milk, and white varieties, with cocoa solids contributing to the brown coloration. ... For other uses, see Nut (disambiguation). ... In the United States and Canada, oatmeal means any crushed oats, rolled oats, or cut oats used in recipes such as oatmeal cookies. ...

Contents

History

Conflicting stories

There are conflicting stories about the origin of the chocolate chip cookie and the acquisition of the recipe by Nestlé. The commonality between the two stories is that the chocolate chip cookie was accidentally developed by Ruth Wakefield in 1933. Mrs. Wakefield owned the Toll House Inn, in Whitman, Massachusetts, a very popular restaurant in the 1930s. The restaurant's popularity was not just due to its home-cooked style meals; Mrs. Wakefield's policy was to give diners a whole extra helping of their entrées to take home with them and a serving of her homemade cookies for dessert. Mrs. Wakefield's cookbook, Toll House Tried and True Recipes, was published in 1936 by M. Barrows & Company, New York. Included is the recipe for the Toll House Cookie, originally called the Toll House Chocolate Crunch Cookie. Ruth Graves Wakefield (June 17, 1903-January 10, 1977) was the inventor of the Toll House Cookie, the first chocolate chip cookie. ... Toll House Inn near Whitman, Massachusetts was established in 1930 by Kenneth and Ruth Graves Wakefield. ... Whitman is a town in Plymouth County, Massachusetts, United States. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... The 1930s were described as an abrupt shift to more radical and conservative lifestyles, as countries were struggling to find a solution to the Great Depression, also known as the [[. In East Asia, the rise of militarism occurred. ... This article is about the state. ...


Nestlé version

Mrs. Wakefield was making chocolate cookies but ran out of regular baker's chocolate, so she substituted it with broken pieces of semi-sweet chocolate, thinking that it would melt and mix into the batter. It clearly did not, and the chocolate chip cookie was born. Wakefield sold the recipe to Nestlé in exchange for a lifetime supply of chocolate chips. Every bag of Nestlé chocolate chips in North America has a variation of her original recipe printed on the back (butter and margarine are now both included as variants). This article is about the food. ... Chocolate block in melted chocolate Chocolate is a common ingredient in many kinds of sweets—one of the most popular in the world. ... This article is about the company. ... North American redirects here. ...


During WWII, GIs from Massachusetts who were stationed overseas shared the cookies they received in care packages from back home, with soldiers from other parts of the U.S. Soon, hundreds of GIs were writing home asking their families to send them some Toll House Cookies, and Mrs. Wakefield was soon inundated with letters from around the country asking for her recipe. Thus, began the nation-wide craze for the chocolate chip cookie.[1] Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... GI or G.I. is a term describing a member of the US armed forces or an item of their equipment. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ...


Toll House Inn version

Mrs. Carol Cavanagh, of Brockton, Massachusetts and a former employee of the Inn, and her father, George Boucher of South Dennis, MA and the former head chef at the Toll House Inn during the years of its operation, offer a different history of the cookie. Contradicting Nestlé's claim that Mrs. Wakefield put chunks of chocolate into cookie dough hoping they would melt, Mrs. Cavanagh states that Mrs. Wakefield was already an accomplished chef and author of a cookbook, and knew enough about the properties of chocolate that it would not melt and mix into the batter while baking. Mr. Boucher states that Mrs. Wakefield was known for her sugar cookies, which came free with every meal, and were for sale in the inn's lobby. One day, while mixing a batch of the sugar cookie dough, the vibrations from a large Hobart electric mixer caused bars of Nestlé's chocolate stored on the shelf above the mixer to fall into the mixing bowl, where it was broken up and incorporated into the dough. Mrs. Wakefield believed the dough was ruined and was about to discard it, when Mr. Boucher stopped her and talked her into saving the batch. His reasoning was out of frugality rather than a prediction of the cookie's future popularity. Nickname: Location in Plymouth County in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country State County Plymouth County Settled 1700 Incorporated 1821 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor James E. Harrington (D) Area  - City  21. ... South Dennis is a census-designated place and village located in the town of Dennis in Barnstable County, Massachusetts. ... Hobart is a manufacturer of equipment used in food service operations. ...


Mrs. Cavanagh states that Mrs. Wakefield did not sell the ownership of the recipe to Nestlé, but she only gave them rights to print her recipe on the packages of their chocolate morsels. Later, Nestlé's lawyers found loopholes in the initial agreement that ceded the rights to the recipe from Mrs. Wakefield, and began mass-producing the cookies.[citation needed]


Present day

Currently, the chocolate chip cookie is one of the most popular cookies in United States with half the cookies baked in American homes being chocolate chip.[citation needed]. While the Nestlé's Toll House recipe is the most widely known, every brand of chocolate chips (Semi-sweet chocolate morsels in Nestlé parlance) sold in the US and Canada contains a variant of the chocolate chip cookie on its packaging, and almost all baking oriented cookbooks will contain at least one type of recipe. For the 2005 Missy Elliott album, see The Cookbook. ...


Practically all commercial bakeries offer their own version of the cookie in both packaged cooked or ready to bake forms. There are at least three national (US/North America) chains that sell fresh baked chocolate chip cookies in malls and stand alone retail locations. Several businesses, including Doubletree hotels, Citibank, Aloha and Midwest Airlines, offer fresh baked cookies to their patrons to differentiate themselves from their competition. Additionally, there is an urban legend about Neiman Marcus' chocolate chip cookie recipe[2] that has gathered a great deal of popularity over the years. North American redirects here. ... A shopping mall (or simply mall), shopping center, or shopping arcade is a building or set of buildings that contain stores and have interconnecting walkways that make it easy for people to walk from store to store. ... DoubleTree Logo // About DoubleTree Doubletree is an upscale hotel chain operated by Hilton Hotels Corporation. ... Citibank is a major international bank, founded in 1812 as the City Bank of New York. ... Aloha Airlines (IATA: AQ, ICAO: AAH, and Callsign: Aloha) is an airline headquartered in Honolulu, Hawaii USA. It operates extensive scheduled services within the Hawaiian Islands, and between Hawaii and the West Coast of the United States. ... Midwest Airlines Boeing 717 taxiing for departure at John Wayne Airport (Santa Ana, California, USA) in February 2004 For the Egyptian airline see: Midwest Airlines (Egypt) Midwest Airlines is an American scheduled passenger airline based in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, operating from General Mitchell International Airport. ... An urban legend or urban myth is similar to a modern folklore consisting of stories often thought to be factual by those circulating them. ... Categories: Stub | Retail companies of the United States ...


To honor the cookies creation in the state, on 9 July 1997 Massachusetts designated the chocolate chip cookie as the Official State Cookie, after it was proposed by a third grade class from Somerset, Massachusetts. is the 190th day of the year (191st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country State County Bristol County Settled 1677 Incorporated 1790 Government  - Type Open town meeting Area  - Town  12. ...


Composition and variants

A chocolate chip bar cookie.

Chocolate chip cookies are commonly made with white sugar; brown sugar; flour; a small portion of salt; eggs; a Leavening agent, such as baking powder; a fat, typically butter or shortening; vanilla extract, additional flavorings can be used; and semi-sweet chocolate pieces. Some recipes also include milk or nuts (such as chopped walnuts) in the dough. Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... This article deals with sugar as food and as an important, widely traded commodity; the word also has other uses; see Sugar (disambiguation) A sugar is a form of carbohydrate; the most commonly used sugar is a white crystalline solid, sucrose; used to alter the flavor and properties (mouthfeel, perservation... Brown sugar typical of that bought in Western supermarkets Brown sugar is a sucrose sugar product with a distinctive brown color due to the presence of molasses. ... For other uses, see Flour (disambiguation). ... This article is about common table salt. ... Chicken egg (left) and quail eggs (right), the types of egg commonly used as food An egg is a body consisting of an ovum surrounded by layers of membranes and an outer casing of some type, which acts to nourish and protect a developing embryo. ... A leavening agent (sometimes called just leavening or leaven) is a substance used in doughs and batters that causes a foaming action. ... [[Image:PIPEPEPEPEPEPEPEPEEPEPEPEPEPEPEPEPEPEPEPEPbe caused by ingredients like buttermilk, lemon, yoghurt, citrus, or honey. ... For other uses, see FAT. Fats consist of a wide group of compounds that are generally soluble in organic solvents and largely insoluble in water. ... For other uses, see Butter (disambiguation). ... Shortening is a semisolid fat used in food preparation, especially baked goods, and is so called because it inhibits the formation of long gluten strands in wheat-based doughs, giving them a short texture (as in shortbread). ... For other uses, see vanilla (disambiguation). ... Chocolate block in melted chocolate Chocolate is a common ingredient in many kinds of sweets—one of the most popular in the world. ... A glass of cows milk. ... For other uses, see Nut (disambiguation). ... This article is about the walnut tree. ... Dough Dough is a paste made out of any cereals (grains) or leguminous crops by grinding with small amount of water. ...


Depending on the ratio of ingredients, mixing and cooking times, some recipes are optimized to produce a softer, chewy style cookie while others will produce a crunchy/crispy style[3]. Regardless of ingredients, the procedure for making the cookie is fairly consistent in all recipes: First, the sugars and fat are creamed, usually with a wooden spoon or a electric mixer. The eggs and vanilla extract are added next followed by the flour and the leavener. Depending on the additional flavoring, its addition to the mix will be determined by the type used: peanut butter will be added with the wet ingredients while cocoa powder would be added with the dry ingredients. The titular ingredient, chocolate chips, as well as nuts are typically mixed in towards the end of the process to minimize breakage, just before the cookies are scooped and positioned on a cookie sheet. Most cookie dough is baked, although some eat the dough as is, or use it as an addition to vanilla ice cream to make "cookie dough ice cream". A wooden spoon is a spoon, usually used in food preparation, that is made of wood. ... Handheld electric mixer Whisking egg whites A mixer is a kitchen appliance intended for mixing, folding, beating, and whipping food ingredients. ... Peanut butter in a jar. ... Cookware and bakeware are types of food preparation containers commonly found in the kitchen. ... Cookie dough refers to a blend of cookie ingredients which has been mixed into a solid yet malleable form but has not yet been hardened by heat. ... Missing image Ice cream is often served on a stick Boxes of ice cream are often found in stores in a display freezer. ...


Common variants include:

  • The M&M Cookie is a variation that replaces the chips with Mars, Incorporated M&M's candies; this recipe uses shortening as the fat[4].
  • The chocolate chocolate chip cookie, where the cookie surrounding the chips is also chocolate flavored, through the addition of cocoa or melted chocolate[5]. Variations on this cookie include replacing chocolate chips with white chocolate[6] or peanut butter[7] chips.
  • The macadamia chip cookie has macadamia nuts and white chocolate chips[8]. It is a signature cookie of Mrs. Fields bakeries.
  • The chocolate chip peanut butter cookie replaces the vanilla flavored dough with a peanut butter flavored one.
  • Milk, dark or unsweetened chocolate can all be substituted to change the flavor of the cookie, the darker the chocolate the less sweet the cookie will be.
  • There are several styles of chocolate chip- the most common are pre-packaged chocolate chips or morsels (usually the size of a pea), mini- (smaller) or maxi- (larger) chips. Chocolate chunks (e.g. chopped pieces of a Hershey bar) are also used.

Mars, Incorporated is a world-wide manufacturer of confectionery, pet food and other food products with US$21 billion in annual sales in 2006. ... M&Ms small size wrapper. ... For other uses, see Cocoa (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Peanut butter in a jar. ... Species Macadamia integrifolia Macadamia tetraphylla The macadamia nut is the fruit of a tree native to the east coast of Australia. ... The Mrs. ... Peanut butter in a jar. ... Binomial name L. Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults. ... A 1/2 pound movie theater Hershey Bar. ...

Popular brands

Blue Chip Cookies is a nationally known cookie company that started in 1983. ... Chips Ahoy! is a brand of cookies made by Nabisco. ... Nabisco logo Nabisco is an American manufacturer of cookies and snacks, including brands such as Chips Ahoy!, Fig Newtons, Mallomars, Oreos, Premium Crackers, Ritz Crackers, Teddy Grahams, Triscuits, Wheat Thins, and Chicken in a Biskit. ... Chips Deluxe is a brand of cookies made by the Kellogg Company. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Famous Amos is a brand of cookie from the United States. ... The Mrs. ... Otis Spunkmeyer Inc. ... Pepperidge Farm was founded in 1937 by Margaret Rudkin, who named the brand for a property her family owned in Connecticut (which itself was named for the pepperidge tree, Nyssa sylvatica). ... This article is about the company. ...

References

  1. ^ Jones, Charlotte Foltz (1991). Mistakes That Worked. Doubleday. ISBN 0-385-26246-9. 
  2. ^ Neiman Marcus cookie legend
  3. ^ Jonathan Levitt, "They're Not As Easy To Make As To Eat," Boston Globe, 7 June 2006, C2. Available through ProQuest eLibrary.
  4. ^ The M&M Party Cookie recipe on m-m.com
  5. ^ Chocolate Chocolate Chip cookie recipe on FoodTV.com
  6. ^ White Chip Chocolate Cookie recipe on AllFood.com
  7. ^ Chocolate Peanut Butter Chip Cookie recipe on AllFood.com
  8. ^ Macadamia Nut Chocolate Chip Cookies recipe on AllFoods.com

The Boston Globe is the most widely-circulated daily newspaper in Boston, Massachusetts and in the greater New England region. ... ProQuest Company is an Ann Arbor, Michigan based company specializing in microfilm and electronic publishing. ...

External links

Wikibooks Cookbook has an article on
Chocolate Chip Cookies
Image File history File links Wikibooks-logo-en. ... Wikibooks logo Wikibooks, previously called Wikimedia Free Textbook Project and Wikimedia-Textbooks, is a wiki for the creation of books. ...

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m