FACTOID # 18: Alaska spends more money per capita on elementary and secondary education than any other state.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
RELATED ARTICLES
People who viewed "Chlorophyta" also viewed:
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Chlorophyta
Chlorophyta

"Siphoneae" from Ernst Haeckel's Kunstformen der Natur, 1904
Scientific classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Chlorophyta
Reichenbach, 1834
Classes[1]

Chlorophyta, a division of green algae, includes about 8000 species[2][1] of mostly aquatic photosynthetic eukaryotic organisms. Like the land plants (bryophytes and tracheophytes), green algae contain chlorophylls a and b, and store food as starch[2] in their plastids. They are related to the Charophyta and Embryophyta (land plants), together making up the Viridiplantae. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2346x3308, 1804 KB) Summary The 64th plate from Ernst Haeckels Kunstformen der Natur (1904), depicting organisms classified as Siphoneae. ... Ernst Haeckel. ... The 8th print, Discomedusae. ... For other uses, see Scientific classification (disambiguation). ... Kingdoms Eukaryotes are organisms with complex cells, in which the genetic material is organized into membrane-bound nuclei. ... Divisions Green algae land plants (embryophytes) non-vascular embryophytes Hepatophyta - liverworts Anthocerophyta - hornworts Bryophyta - mosses vascular plants (tracheophytes) seedless vascular plants Lycopodiophyta - clubmosses Equisetophyta - horsetails Pteridophyta - true ferns Psilotophyta - whisk ferns Ophioglossophyta - adderstongue ferns seed plants (spermatophytes) †Pteridospermatophyta - seed ferns Pinophyta - conifers Cycadophyta - cycads Ginkgophyta - ginkgo Gnetophyta - gnetae Magnoliophyta... A class is the rank in the scientific classification of organisms in biology below Phylum and above Order. ... Orders[1] Bryopsidales In taxonomy, the Bryopsidophyceae are a class of green algae, in the division Chlorophyta. ... Orders see text The Chlorophyceae are one of the classes of green algae, distinguished mainly on the basis of ultrastructural morphology. ... Orders Pedinomonadales Scourfieldiales In taxonomy, the Pedinophyceae are a class of the Chlorophyta. ... Orders[1] Pleurastrales In taxonomy, the Pleurastrophyceae are a class of green algae, in the division Chlorophyta. ... Prasinophytes are a class of primitive eukaryotic, chlorophyte marine algae (Sym and Pienaar, 1993). ... Orders Chlorellales Ctenocladales Microthamniales Prasiolales In taxonomy, the Trebouxiophyceae are a class of the Chlorophyta. ... Orders Acrosiphoniales Caulerpales Cladophorales Dasycladales Oltmansiellopsidales Trentepohliales Ulotrichales Ulvales The Ulvophyceae or Ulvophytes are class of green algae, distinguished mainly on the basis of ultrastructural morphology. ... Divisions Chlorophyta Charophyta Green algae are microscopic protists; found in all aquatic environments, including marine, freshwater and brackish water. ... For other uses, see Species (disambiguation). ... An estuary mouth and coastal waters, part of an aquatic ecosystem. ... Leaf. ... Kingdoms Eukaryotes are organisms with complex cells, in which the genetic material is organized into membrane-bound nuclei. ... Divisions Non-vascular plants (bryophytes) Marchantiophyta - liverworts Anthocerotophyta - hornworts Bryophyta - mosses Vascular plants (tracheophytes) Lycopodiophyta - clubmosses Equisetophyta - horsetails Pteridophyta - true ferns Psilotophyta - whisk ferns Ophioglossophyta - adders-tongues Seed plants (spermatophytes) †Pteridospermatophyta - seed ferns Pinophyta - conifers Cycadophyta - cycads Ginkgophyta - ginkgo Gnetophyta - gnetae Magnoliophyta - flowering plants The embryophytes are the most familiar... The bryophytes are those embryophytes (land plants) that are non-vascular: they have tissues and enclosed reproductive systems, but they lack vascular tissue that circulates liquids. ... Divisions Non-seed-bearing plants Equisetophyta Lycopodiophyta Psilotophyta Pteridophyta Superdivision Spermatophyta Pinophyta Cycadophyta Ginkgophyta Gnetophyta Magnoliophyta The vascular plants are plants in the kingdom Plantae (also called Viridiplantae) that have specialized tissues for conducting water. ... Chlorophyll (ancient Greek: chloros = green and phyllon = leaf) is a green photosynthetic pigment found in plants, algae, and cyanobacteria. ... Starch (CAS# 9005-25-8) is a complex carbohydrate which is insoluble in water; it is used by plants as a way to store excess glucose. ... Plastids are a class of membrane-bound organelles found in plant and algal cells. ... Classes Mesostigmatophyceae Chlorokybophyceae Klebsormidiophyceae Zygnemophyceae    Zygnematales    Desmidiales Charophyceae    Coleochaetales    Charales The Charophyta are a division of green algae, including the closest relatives of the embryophyte plants. ... Divisions Non-vascular plants (bryophytes) Marchantiophyta - liverworts Anthocerotophyta - hornworts Bryophyta - mosses Vascular plants (tracheophytes) Lycopodiophyta - clubmosses Equisetophyta - horsetails Pteridophyta - true ferns Psilotophyta - whisk ferns Ophioglossophyta - adders-tongues Seed plants (spermatophytes) †Pteridospermatophyta - seed ferns Pinophyta - conifers Cycadophyta - cycads Ginkgophyta - ginkgo Gnetophyta - gnetae Magnoliophyta - flowering plants The embryophytes are the most familiar... Viridiplantae (literally green plants) are a clade comprising the green algae and embryophyte plants. ...


They contain both unicellular and multicellular species. While most species live in freshwater habitats and a large number in marine habitats, other species are adapted to a wide range of environments. Watermelon snow, or Chlamydomonas nivalis, of the class Chlorophyceae, lives on summer alpine snowfields. Others live attached to rocks or woody parts of trees. Some lichens are symbiotic relationships with fungi and a green alga. Members of the Chlorophyta also form symbiotic relationships with protozoa, sponges and coelenterates. Some are flagellated and these have an advantage of motility. Some conduct sexual reproduction which is oogamy or isogamy. Freshwater angelfish Freshwater biology is a field of biology that studies the life and ecosystems of freshwater habitats. ... Various species of reef fish in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands. ... Binomial name Chlamydomonas nivalis (Bauer) Wille Watermelon snow is snow that is reddish or pink in color, with the slight scent of a fresh watermelon. ... For other things named Lichen, see: Lichen (disambiguation). ... Wikisource has an original article from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica about: Protozoa Protozoa (in Greek proto = first and zoa = animals) are single-celled eukaryotes (organisms whose cells have nuclei) that commonly show characteristics usually associated with animals, most notably mobility and heterotrophy. ... Classes Anthozoa - Corals and sea anemones Cubozoa - Sea wasps or box jellyfish Hydrozoa - Hydroids, hydra-like animals Scyphozoa - Jellyfish Cnidaria is a phylum containing some 10,000 species of relatively simple animals found exclusively in aquatic environments (most species are marine). ...


Classes

  • Class Bryopsidophyceae Bessey
  • Class Chlorophyceae Wille
  • Class Pedinophyceae Moestrup
  • Class Pleurastrophyceae Mattox & K. D. Stewart
  • Class Prasinophyceae T. A. Chr. ex Ø. Moestrup & J. Throndsen
  • Class Trebouxiophyceae T. Friedl
  • Class Ulvophyceae K. R. Mattox & K. D. Stewart
  • Class Caryopoceae Jerry

Classification according to Hoek, Mann and Jahns 1995.[2] Orders[1] Bryopsidales In taxonomy, the Bryopsidophyceae are a class of green algae, in the division Chlorophyta. ... Charles Edwin Bessey (1845-1915) was an American botanist, born at Milton, Ohio. ... Orders see text The Chlorophyceae are one of the classes of green algae, distinguished mainly on the basis of ultrastructural morphology. ... Orders Pedinomonadales Scourfieldiales In taxonomy, the Pedinophyceae are a class of the Chlorophyta. ... Orders[1] Pleurastrales In taxonomy, the Pleurastrophyceae are a class of green algae, in the division Chlorophyta. ... Prasinophytes are a class of primitive eukaryotic, chlorophyte marine algae (Sym and Pienaar, 1993). ... Orders Chlorellales Ctenocladales Microthamniales Prasiolales In taxonomy, the Trebouxiophyceae are a class of the Chlorophyta. ... Orders Acrosiphoniales Caulerpales Cladophorales Dasycladales Oltmansiellopsidales Trentepohliales Ulotrichales Ulvales The Ulvophyceae or Ulvophytes are class of green algae, distinguished mainly on the basis of ultrastructural morphology. ...

  • Prasinophyceae
  • Ulvophyceae
  • Cladophorophyceae
  • Bryopsipophycese
  • Dasycladophyceae
  • Trentepoliophyceae
  • Pleurastrophyceae (Pleurastrales and Prasiolales)
  • Klebsormidiophyceae
  • Zygnematophyceae
  • Charophyceae

Classification according to Bold and Wynne (Introduction to the Algae, Second Edition, Prentice Hall NJ) Orders see text The Chlorophyceae are one of the classes of green algae, distinguished mainly on the basis of ultrastructural morphology. ...

Families Goniaceae Spondylomoraceae Tetrabaenaceae Volvocaceae The Volvocales are an order of flagellate or pseudociliate green algae which form planar or spherical colonies. ... Families Hypnomonadaceae Palmellaceae Tetrasporaceae In taxonomy, the Tetrasporales are an order of green algae, specifically the Chlorophyceae. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Sphaeropleales. ... Genera Chlorosarcinopsis Desmochloris Chlorosarcina Chlorosphaeropsis Neochlorosarcina In taxonomy, the Chlorosarcinales are an order of green algae, specifically the Chlorophyceae. ... It has been suggested that Chlorococcales be merged into this article or section. ... Family[1] Chaetophoraceae In taxonomy, the Chaetophorales are an order of green algae, specifically the Chlorophyceae. ... Family Trentepohliaceae In taxonomy, the Trentepohliales are an order of green algae, specifically the Ulvophyceae. ... Subdivisions Family Oedogoniaceae Genus Bulbochaete Genus Oedocladium Genus Oedogonium Oedogoniales is an order of filamentous freshwater green algae. ... Families Monostromataceae Ulvaceae Ulvellaceae Ulvales is an order of green algae. ... Families Cladophoraceae Siphonocladaceae Valoniaceae Arnoldiellaceae Anadyomenaceae In taxonomy, the Cladophorales are an order of green algae, specifically the Ulvophyceae. ... Genera Acrosiphonia Urospora Chlorothrix Synonyms Codiolales In taxonomy, the Acrosiphoniales are an order of green algae, specifically the Ulvophyceae. ... Orders Dasycladaceae Polyphysaceae In taxonomy, the Dasycladales is an order of large unicellular green algae under the class Ulvophyceae. ...

References

  1. ^ Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2007). Phylum: Chlorophyta taxonomy browser. AlgaeBase version 4.2 World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. Retrieved on 2007-09-23.
  2. ^ a b c Hoek, C. van den, Mann, D.G. and Jahns, H.M. 1995. Algae An Introduction to Phycology. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. ISBN 0 521 30419 9

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 266th day of the year (267th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Further reading

Lewis, L. A. & McCourt, R. M. (2004). Green algae and the origin of land plants. American Journal of Botany 91 (10): 1535-1556.  The American Journal of Botany (ISSN 00029122) is a peer-reviewed scientific journal which includes research papers on all aspects of plant biology. ...

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Chlorophyta

  Results from FactBites:
 
Chlorophyta (1002 words)
Lorica are often impregnated with minerals such as iron or calcium.
Chlorophyta have a typical nucleus with chromosomes, nuclear membrane, nuclear sap, nucleoli, etc.
Chlorophyll a and b and associated pigments present in definite chloroplasts.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m