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Encyclopedia > Chlorhexidine
Chlorhexidine (free base) structure
Chlorhexidine (free base) structure

Chlorhexidine Gluconate is an antiseptic used as an active ingredient in mouthwash designed to kill plaque and other oral bacteria. In some countries it is available by prescription only. It is sometimes marketed under the brand names Peridex, Periochip, Periogard Oral Rinse or in the UK Corsodyl or Chlorohex. Chlorhexidine Gluconate-based products are usually utilized to combat or prevent gum diseases such as gingivitis. An antiseptic is a substance that kills or prevents the growth and reproduction of various microorganisms, including bacteria, fungi, protozoa, and viruses on the external surfaces of the body. ... Antiseptic mouth rinse, often called mouthwash, is an oral hygiene product that claims to kill the germs that cause plaque, gingivitis, and bad breath. ... The word plaque can have different connotations: Dental plaque is a yellowish biofilm that build up on the teeth. ... Phyla/Divisions Actinobacteria Aquificae Bacteroidetes/Chlorobi Chlamydiae/Verrucomicrobia Chloroflexi Chrysiogenetes Cyanobacteria Deferribacteres Deinococcus_Thermus Dictyoglomi Fibrobacteres/Acidobacteria Firmicutes Fusobacteria Gemmatimonadetes Nitrospirae Omnibacteria Planctomycetes Proteobacteria Spirochaetes Thermodesulfobacteria Thermomicrobia Thermotogae Bacteria (singular, bacterium) are a major group of living organisms. ... Prescription has various meanings. ... The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a country in western Europe, and member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the G8, the European Union, and NATO. Usually known simply as the United Kingdom, the UK, or (inaccurately) as Great Britain or Britain, the UK has four constituent... Gingivitis is the inflammation of the gums (gingiva) around the teeth due to improper cleaning of teeth. ...

Chlorhexidine Gluconate is also used in non-dental applications, most notably under the brand name Hibiclens, to combat microbes. It is available in the United States over the counter. It is used for general skin cleansing, a surgical scrub and a pre-operative skin preparation. Due to other chemicals listed as inactive ingredients, Hibiclens is not suitable for use as mouthwash. A microorganism or microbe is an organism that is so small that it is microscopic (invisible to the naked eye). ... The United States of America — also referred to as the United States, the U.S.A., the U.S., America, the States, or (archaically) Columbia—is a federal republic of 50 states located primarily in central North America (with the exception of two states: Alaska and Hawaii). ... This article is about skin in the biological sense. ...

Known to be deactivated by fluoride, Chlorhexidine Gluconate mouth rinses should be taken at least 30 minutes after using fluoridated oral products (e.g, toothpaste and mouthwash). For best effectiveness, food, drink, and mouth rinses should be avoided for at least one hour after use. However, mouthwashes formulations containing both chlorhexidine digluconate and fluoride have been found to be effective. A fluoride ion is the ionic form of fluorine. ...

External Links

  • http://www.basicpharma.ebigchina.com
  • Drugs.com chlorhexidine gluconate Drug Information (http://www.drugs.com/MTM/chlorhexidine_gluconate.html)
  • Regent Medical's page on Hibiclens (http://www.regentmedical.com/americas/skin_hibiclens.html)

  Results from FactBites:
Chlorhexidine - PetPlace.com (541 words)
Chlorhexidine is used in veterinary medicine for the treatment and prevention of dermatological (skin) conditions and for the management of ear infections (otitis externa) and gum disease.
Chlorhexidine is often used as an anti-bacterial cleansing agent in the treatment of acute and chronic otitis externa (ear infection/inflammation).
Chlorhexidine is used as an oral cleansing solution in cases of gingivitis (gum inflammation) and periodontal disease (infection of the gums, soft tissues and bone surrounding teeth).
Chlorhexidine gluconate - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (306 words)
Chlorhexidine Gluconate is a chemical antiseptic, to combat both gram positive and gram negative microbes.
Products containing Chlorhexidine Gluconate in high concentrations must be kept away from eyes (corneal ulcers) and the inner ear (deafness), although it is used in minute concentrations in some contact lens solutions.
For best effectiveness, food, drink, and mouth rinses should be avoided for at least one hour after use.
  More results at FactBites »



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