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Encyclopedia > Chlorate
The chlorate ion
The chlorate ion
Structure and bonding in the chlorate ion
Structure and bonding in the chlorate ion

The chlorate ion ClO3. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 596 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1093 × 1100 pixel, file size: 160 KB, MIME type: image/png) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Chlorite Chlorate ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 596 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1093 × 1100 pixel, file size: 160 KB, MIME type: image/png) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Chlorite Chlorate ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 508 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,100 × 698 pixels, file size: 33 KB, MIME type: image/png) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 508 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,100 × 698 pixels, file size: 33 KB, MIME type: image/png) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... This article is about the electrically charged particle. ...


A chlorate (compound) is a compound that contains this group, with chlorine in oxidation state +5. General Name, symbol, number chlorine, Cl, 17 Chemical series halogens Group, period, block 17, 3, p Appearance yellowish green Standard atomic weight 35. ... In chemistry, the oxidation state is an indicator of the degree of oxidation of an atom in a chemical compound. ...

Contents

Examples

ClO3 has a trigonal pyramidal structure. In chemistry, a trigonal pyramid is a molecular geometry with one atom at the apex and three atoms at the corners of a trigonal base. ...

  • magnesium chlorate, Mg(ClO3)2

See category for a bigger list. R-phrases R9, R22, R51/53 S-phrases S2, S13, S17, S46, S61 Flash point none Related Compounds Other anions Potassium bromate Potassium iodate Other cations Ammonium chlorate Sodium chlorate Related compounds Potassium chloride Potassium hypochlorite Potassium chlorite Potassium perchlorate Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in... Sodium chlorate (NaClO3) is an oxidizing agent. ...


Preparation

Metal chlorates can be prepared by adding Chlorine to hot metal hydroxides, for example, KClO3: General Name, symbol, number chlorine, Cl, 17 Chemical series halogens Group, period, block 17, 3, p Appearance yellowish green Standard atomic weight 35. ... Hydroxide is a polyatomic ion consisting of oxygen and hydrogen: OH− It has a charge of −1. ... R-phrases R9, R22, R51/53 S-phrases S2, S13, S17, S46, S61 Flash point none Related Compounds Other anions Potassium bromate Potassium iodate Other cations Ammonium chlorate Sodium chlorate Related compounds Potassium chloride Potassium hypochlorite Potassium chlorite Potassium perchlorate Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in...

3Cl2 + 6KOH → 5KCl + KClO3 + 3H2O

Industrial scale synthesis for sodium chlorate starts from sodium chloride. If the electrolysis is not done with the method described at chlorine, but a mixing of the devoloping chlorine and the sodium hydroxide is allowed, the reaction mentioned above takes place. The heating to 50-70°C is done by the electrical power applied for electrolysis. Sodium chlorate (NaClO3) is an oxidizing agent. ... R-phrases 36 S-phrases none Flash point Non-flammable Related Compounds Other anions NaF, NaBr, NaI Other cations LiCl, KCl, RbCl, CsCl, MgCl2, CaCl2 Related salts Sodium acetate Supplementary data page Structure and properties n, εr, etc. ... General Name, symbol, number chlorine, Cl, 17 Chemical series halogens Group, period, block 17, 3, p Appearance yellowish green Standard atomic weight 35. ... General Name, symbol, number chlorine, Cl, 17 Chemical series halogens Group, period, block 17, 3, p Appearance yellowish green Standard atomic weight 35. ... Flash point Non-flammable. ... For delivered electrical power, see Electrical power industry. ... In chemistry and manufacturing, electrolysis is a method of separating chemically bonded elements and compounds by passing an electric current through them. ...


Discussion

Chlorates are the salts of chloric acid. This article is about common table salt. ... Chloric acid, HClO3, is an oxoacid of chlorine, and the formal precursor of chlorate salts. ...


Chlorates are powerful oxidizers and should be kept away from organics or easily oxidized materials. Chlorates were once widely used in pyrotechnics, though their use has fallen due to their instability. Most pyrotechnic applications which used chlorates in the past now use perchlorates instead. The most fundamental reactions in chemistry are the redox processes. ... Pyrotechnics is a field of study often thought synonymous with the manufacture of fireworks, but more accurately it has a wider scope that includes items for military and industrial uses. ... Perchlorates are the salts derived from perchloric acid (HClO4). ...


Stock notation

If a Roman numeral in brackets follow the word "chlorate", this refers to the oxyanion containing chlorine in the respective oxidation state, namely: Definition An oxyanion is a polyatomic ion with a negative charge that contains oxygen. ...

Name Oxidation state Formula
Chlorate(I) +1 ClO
Chlorate(III) +3 ClO2
Chlorate(V) +5 ClO3
Chlorate(VII) +7 ClO4

Using this convention, "chlorate" means any chlorine oxyanion. However, Stock notation for chlorine is quite uncommon, and "chlorate" typically refers only to the +5 oxidation state. The hypochlorite ion The hypochlorite ion is ClO−. A hypochlorite compound is a chemical compound containing this group, with chlorine in oxidation state +1. ... The chlorite ion This discusses some chlorine compounds. ... Perchlorates are the salts derived from perchloric acid (HClO4). ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Chlorate - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (94 words)
A chlorate (compound) is a compound that contains this group, with chlorine in oxidation state +5.
Chlorates are powerful oxidizers and should be kept away from organics or easily reducible materials.
Chlorates were once widely used in pyrotechnics, though their use has fallen due to their instability.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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