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Encyclopedia > Chittagong Hill Tracts

The Chittagong Hill Tracts comprise an area of 13,180 km2 in south-eastern Bangladesh, and borders India and Myanmar (Burma). It was a single district of Bangladesh till 1984. In that year it was divided into three separate districts: Khagrachari, Rangamati and Bandarban. Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Khagrachari is a district in south-eastern Bangladesh. ... Rangamati is a district in South-eastern Bangladesh. ... Bandarban (Bengali:বান্দরবান) is a district in South-Eastern Bangladesh, and a part of the Chittagong Division and Chittagong Hill Tracts. ...

Contents

Population

The population is between 1 million and 1.5 million. About 50% of the population are tribals and mainly followers of Theravada Buddhism. 45% of the inhabitants are Bengali Muslim settlers. The remainder are followers of Hinduism, Christianity. and Animism. Theravada (Pali; Sanskrit: Sthaviravada) is one of the eighteen (or twenty) Nikāya schools that formed early in the history of Buddhism. ... The Bengali people are the ethnic community from Bengal (divided between India and Bangladesh) on the Indian subcontinent with a history dating back four millennia. ... Hinduism (known as in modern Indian languages)[1] is a religious tradition[2] that originated in the Indian subcontinent. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is... The term Animism is derived from the Latin anima, meaning soul.[1][2] In its most general sense, animism is simply the belief in souls. ...


The local tribes, collectively known as the Jumma, include the Chakma, Marma, Tripura, Tenchungya, Chak, Pankho, Mru, Murung, Bawm, Lushai, Khyang, and Khumi. The Chakma, who are also known as the Changma, is a Mongoloid tribe inhabiting in the Chittagong Hill Tracts of Bangladesh. ... The Marma are a tribe inhabiting the Chittagong Hill Tracts of Bangladesh. ... Tripura   (Bengali: ত্রিপুরা, Hindi: त्रिपुरा) is a state in North East India. ... A tribal people liing in the south-eastern area of Bangladesh called the Chittagong Hill Tracts. ... Chak is an important town in Shikarpur District, Sindh. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Bawm are a tribal group living in the Bandarban district and a small fraction in the Rangamati district of the Chittagong Hill Tracts in Bangladesh. ... Binomial name Moorcroft, 1841 The Kiang (Equus kiang), also written khyang, is a large mammal belonging to the horse family. ...


History

Bandarban.

The Chittagong Hill Tracts, combining three hilly districts of Bangladesh were once known as Korpos Mohol, the name used until 1860.In 1860 it was annexed by the British and was made an administrative district of Bengal. As of today, it is a semi autonumous region within Bangladesh comprising the districts, namely, Chengmi [Hagracuri (Khagrachari) Hill District], Gongkabor (Rangamati Hill District), and Arvumi (Bandarban Hill District). Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 686 KB) Summary Photographer: Saifur Rahman Zunnun All derivatives should atrribute the Photographer. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 686 KB) Summary Photographer: Saifur Rahman Zunnun All derivatives should atrribute the Photographer. ... 1860 is the leap year starting on Sunday. ... For other uses, see Bengal (disambiguation). ... Khagrachari is a district in south-eastern Bangladesh. ... Rangamati is the biggest district of Bangladesh. ... Map of Bandarban District Bandarban (Bangla:বান্দরবান) is a district in South-Eastern Bangladesh, and a part of the Chittagong Division and Chittagong Hill Tracts. ...


During the 1970s and 80s, there were attempts by the Government to resettle the area with Bengali people. These attempts were resisted by the tribals, who with the latent support of neighbouring India, formed a guerilla force called Shanti Bahini. As a result of the tribal resistance movement, successive governments turned the Hill Tracts into a militarised zone. A good source of information on Shanti Bahini and, indeed, on the Chittagong Hill Tracts people, is the letter to the editor of the New York Times by Professor Bernard Nietschmann published on October 25, 1986 (archived by the Fourth World Documentation Project) at the Center for World Indigenous Studies website. Shanti Bahini is the name of the military wing of Jana Shanghati shamiti in Chittagong Hill Tracts, Bangladesh. ...


The Bengali people have been accused of committing genocides against the minority tribal people with silent support from the law enforcers.[1] One often citied incident took place in 1992 in Mallya[2] and / or Logang[3]. The Bangladeshi army, too, have been accused of numerous human rights violations within the Hill Tracts, and their personnel have been accused of torture, killings and abduction. Amongst these, the disappearance of Chakma political activist Kalpana Chakma in 1996 attracted widespread condemnation. Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ...


Following years of unrest, an agreement was formed between the Government of Bangladesh and the tribal leaders which granted a limited level of autonomy to the elected council of the three hill districts.


The 1996 Peace Treaty signed between the then Sheikh Hasina Government and the Jana Shanghati Shamiti or Shanti Bahini has been opposed by the opposition parties as well as a fraction of the tribal rebels. Opposition parties of the time argued the autonomy granted in the treaty ignored the Bengali settlers. The successive Khaleda Zia government promised to implement the peace treaty, despite their opposition to it during the previous government's term. Sheikh Hasina Wazed (Bangla: শেখ হাসিনা ওয়াজেদ) (born September 28, 1947) was the Prime Minister of Bangladesh from 1996 to 2001. ... Parbattya Chattagram Jana Sanghati Samiti (PCJSS) is a political party in Chittagong Hill Tracts, Bangladesh. ... Khaleda Zia (Bangla: খালেদা জিয়া) (born 15 August 1945, Controversy she has another 2 birth dates) was the Prime Minister of Bangladesh from 1991 to 1996, the first woman in the countrys history to hold that position, and then again from 2001 to 2006. ...


See also

Chittagong Division is one of the six administrative divisions of Bangladesh. ... This article is about Chittagong as a city in Bangladesh. ...

Trivia

The Chittagong Hill Tracts are also known as Jumland, and the population is Jummo/Jumma


References

  1. ^ External website providing a complete dossier about the undeclared 1980-1997 war against the Jummas
  2. ^ Chittagong Hill Tracts at a Glance; May 1997; A Conclusion Report: International Peace Conference on Chittagong Hill Tracts WORKING TOWARD PEACE.
  3. ^ Human rights in the Chittagong Hill Tracts; February 2000; Amnesty International.

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Chittagong Hill Tracts - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (477 words)
The Chittagong Hill Tracts comprise an area of 13,180 km
The Chittagong Hill Tracts were once known as Korpos Mohol, the name used until 1860.
A good source of information on Shanti Bahini and, indeed, on the Chittagong Hill Tracts people, is the letter to the editor of the New York Times by Professor Bernard Nietschmann published on October 25, 1986 (archived by the Fourth World Documentation Project).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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