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Encyclopedia > Chita, Russia

Chita (Russian: Чита́) is a city in Russia, and functions as the administrative center of Chita Oblast in eastern Siberia. It stands at the confluence of the Chita and Ingoda rivers and on the Trans-Siberian Railway, 500 miles east of Irkutsk, at 52°03′N 113°28′E This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Siberia Siberia (Russian: , common English transliterations: Sibir’, Sibir; from the Tatar for “sleeping land”) is a vast region of Russia and northern Kazakhstan constituting almost all of northern Asia. ... A confluence is the merger or meeting of two or more objects (or subjects) that seem to inseparably bind their respective forces or attributes into a point of junction. ... Ingoda River (Ингода in Russian) is a river in the Chita Oblast in Russia. ... Trans-Siberian line in red; Baikal Amur Mainline in green. ... Irkutsks location Irkutsk (Иркутск), the chief town of the Irkutsk Oblast, is one of the most important places in Siberia, being not only the principal commercial depot north of Tashkent, but also a fortified military post, an archbishopric of the Russian Orthodox Church and the seat of several learned societies. ...


Population: 316,643 (2002). 2002 (MMII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Known since 1653, the settlement achieved town status in 1851. Events February 2 - New Amsterdam (later renamed New York City) is incorporated. ... 1851 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...


After 1825 several of the Decembrists suffered exile to Chita, and thus, Chita is on occasion called the “City of Exiles”. Many of the Decembrists were intellectuals and members of the middle class, and consequently their arrival had a positive effect. The well-educated exiles made an effort to educate the citizens of Chita and pursue trade. Through these efforts, the City became a major trading portal in Siberia, particularly since the natural resources of the area included timber, gold and uranium. This article is about the failed Russian revolt. ... An intellectual is a person who uses his or her intellect to study, reflect, and speculate on a variety of different ideas. ... Siberia Siberia (Russian: , common English transliterations: Sibir’, Sibir; from the Tatar for “sleeping land”) is a vast region of Russia and northern Kazakhstan constituting almost all of northern Asia. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Lumber. ... It has been suggested that Gold bar be merged into this article or section. ... General Name, Symbol, Number uranium, U, 92 Chemical series actinides Group, Period, Block n/a, 7, f Appearance silvery gray metallic; corrodes to a spalling black oxide coat in air Atomic mass 238. ...


In 1885 the population had reached 5,728, in 1897: 11,480.


From 1920 to 1922 Chita served as the capital of the Far East Republic. 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar) // Events January January 7 - Forces of Russian White admiral Kolchak surrender in Krasnoyarsk. ... 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... The Far Eastern Republic (Russian: Дальневосто́чная Респу́блика (ДВР)) was a government established in the Russian Far East and Siberia east of Lake Baikal on April 6, 1920. ...


From the 1930’s through the end of communism, Chita was a closed city. During this period, foreigners were prohibited from travelling to Chita as were many Russians. The basis for the closing of the city was apparently its proximity to China and military installations. // The rise of Gorbachev Although reform in the Soviet Union stalled between 1969–1982, a generational shift gave new momentum for reform. ...


Architecture

Chita is laid out in a grid pattern, which is rare in Russia. The grid plan is a type of city plan in which streets run at right angles to each other, forming a grid. ...


Architecturally, Chita is a clash of styles. Foremost, Chita is populated with five-storey communist concrete buildings. In contrast to these soviet signatures, Chita is also populated with individual homes made primarily out of wood, the equivalent of those you would see in any mountainous area.


During World War II, a significant number of Japanese soldiers were taken by the Russians as prisoners of war. Through whatever machinations present at that time, they were put to work in the construction industry. In the centre of Chita you will find buildings with a definite hint of Japanese style. The buildings are not overtly Japanese, but they definitely differ from the other styles present. Combatants Allied Powers Axis Powers Commanders {{{commander1}}} {{{commander2}}} Strength {{{strength1}}} {{{strength2}}} Casualties 17 million military deaths 7 million military deaths {{{notes}}} World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a military conflict that took place between 1939 and 1945. ...


External links

  • [1]
  • [2]
  • http://oldchita.megalink.ru/

This article incorporates text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, a publication in the public domain. The 11th edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica (1910-1911) is the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Chita, Russia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (369 words)
Chita (Russian: Чита́) is a city in Russia, and functions as the administrative center of Chita Oblast in eastern Siberia.
From 1920 to 1922 Chita served as the capital of the Far East Republic.
Chita is laid out in a grid pattern, which is rare in Russia.
Encyclopedia: Chita, Russia (1069 words)
Russia saw its economy contract for five years, as the executive and legislature dithered over the implementation of reforms and Russia's industrial base faced a serious decline.
Russia remains heavily dependent on exports of commodities, particularly oil, natural gas, metals, and timber, which account for over 80% of exports, leaving the country vulnerable to swings in world prices.
Russia is fairly sparsely populated due to its enormous size; population is densest in the European part of Russia, in the Ural Mountains area, and in the south-eastern part of Siberia.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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