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Encyclopedia > Chisinau

Chişinău (Russian Кишинёв, Kishinyov, also Kishinev; Moldovan Cyrillic Кишинэу), estimated population 920,000 (2002), is the capital and the largest city of Moldova. The Cyrillic alphabet (or azbuka, from the old name of the first letters) is an alphabet used to write six natural Slavic languages (Belarusian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Russian, Serbian, and Ukrainian) and many other languages of the former Soviet Union, Asia and Eastern Europe. ... 2002 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Contents

Geography

The city is located on the river Bâc, a tributary of the Nistru (Dniestr), at 47°0′ N 28°55′ E (http://kvaleberg.com/extensions/mapsources/index.php?params=47_0_N_28_55_E_), and is divided into five administrative districts. Its total area is approximately 565 sq. kilometers (338 sq. miles). The river Dniestr (in Polish and Russian; Nistru in Romanian; Дністер, Dnister in Ukrainian; Tyras in Latin; also known as Dniester) is a river in Eastern Europe. ...


History

Founded in 1436 as a monastery town, the city was captured in the 16th century by Turkey. At the beginning of the 19th century it was a small village of 7,000 inhabitants. In 1812 it was occupied by Russia, who made it the centre of Bessarabia. Its population had grown to 92,000 by 1862, and to 125,787 by 1900. Events April - Paris is recaptured by the French End of the Hussite Wars in Bohemia. ... Buddhist monastery near Tibet A monastery is the habitation of monks. ... (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1812 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Old map of Bessarabia Bessarabia or Bessarabiya (Basarabia in Romanian, Besarabya in Turkish) was the name used by Russia to designate the eastern part of the territory known as Moldova (Moldavia in English), which was occupied by Russia in 1812. ... 1862 - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... 1900 is a common year starting on Monday. ...


The town played an important part in the war between Russia and Turkey (187778), as the chief centre of the Russian invasion. The Russo-Turkish Wars were a series of ten wars fought between the Russian Empire and the Turkish-ruled Ottoman Empire during the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. ... 1877 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1878 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ...



Romania held the city from 1918 to 1940, when it was seized by the USSR. 1918 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1940 was a leap year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Economy

Chişinău is a major industrial and services centre; its main industries include consumer and electrical goods, building materials, machinery, plastics, rubber, and textiles. The main service fields are banking and shopping/commerce. The term plastics covers a range of synthetic or semi-synthetic polymerization products. ... This article is about the material rubber, for other uses see Rubber (disambiguation) Rubber is an elastic hydrocarbon polymer which occurs as a milky emulsion (known as latex) in the sap of a number of plants but can also be produced synthetically. ... This article is about the type of fabric. ... In Moldovas capital city of Kishinev, there are 16 banks. ...


Transport

There are two bus terminals, with another one under construction, an international airport (Chişinău International Airport), and an international railway terminal. Chişinău International Airport is an smaller airport in Chişinău, Moldova in Eastern Europe. ...


Education

The city is home to thirty-six universities, and to the Academy of Sciences of Moldova. A university is an institution of higher education and of research, which grants academic degrees. ... Academy of Sciences of Moldova is the main scientific center of the country, which coordinates research in all areas of science. ...


Since the collapse of the Soviet Union, the city has become a relatively lively and well-appointed capital, with a much higher standard of living than most rural areas.


References

  • Rosenthal, Herman & Rosenthal, Max, "Kishinef (Kishinev)" (http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/view.jsp?artid=247&letter=K), in the Jewish Encyclopedia (1901-1906)

The Jewish Encyclopedia was an encyclopedia originally published between 1901 and 1906 by Funk and Wagnalls. ...

External links

  • Chisinau.md Primaria municipiului Chişinău (http://www.chisinau.md)


Counties of Moldova
Bălţi | Cahul | Chişinău | Edineţ | Lăpuşna | Orhei | Soroca | Tighina | Ungheni

  Results from FactBites:
 
AllRefer.com - Chisinau (CIS And Baltic Political Geography) - Encyclopedia (252 words)
Major industries include food and tobacco processing, the assembly of consumer and electrical goods, and the manufacture of building materials, machinery, plastics, rubber, and textiles.
as a monastery town, Chisinau was taken in the 16th cent.
Chisinau's educational and cultural facilities include a university (1945) and the Academy of Sciences of Moldova.
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