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Encyclopedia > Chisel
Steel woodworking chisel.

A chisel is a tool with a characteristically shaped cutting edge (such that wood chisels have lent part of their name to a particular grind) of blade on its end, for carving and/or cutting a hard material such as wood, stone, or metal. The handle and blade of some types of chisel are made of metal or wood with a sharp edge in it. Chisel plays on the University of Notre Dame campus, April 1991. ... Image File history File links Chisel. ... Image File history File links Chisel. ... For other uses, see Tool (disambiguation). ... Cutting edge is a term used to describe the creations of the small number of persons or groups who are at the frontier of progress in a field, especially science. ... For other uses, see Grind (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Wood (disambiguation). ... This article is about the geological substance. ... Turned chess pieces Metalworking is the craft and practice of working with metals to create structures or machine parts. ...


In use, the chisel is forced into the material to cut the material. The driving force may be manually applied or applied using a mallet or hammer. In industrial use, a hydraulic ram or falling weight ('trip hammer') drives the chisel into the material to be cut. For other uses, see Mallet (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Hammer (disambiguation). ... A hydraulic ram that drives a fountain at the Centre for Alternative Technology A hydraulic ram is a water-powered cyclic pump. ... A triphammer is a massive power hammer, usually raised by a cam and then released to fall under the force of gravity. ...


A gouge, one type of chisel, is used, particularly in woodworking, woodturning and sculpture, to carve small pieces from the material. Gouges are most often used in creating concave surfaces. A gouge typically has a 'U'-shaped cross-section. Gouge refers to one of several types of cutting tools, in addition to its meaning as a verb (the action of cutting or scooping with or as with a gouge) and its slang meaning (to cheat, defraud, swindle or extort) and, rarely, as a noun meaning a swindler (gouger). ... Artists can use woodworking to create delicate sculptures. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... Sculptor redirects here. ...

Contents

Types

Chisels have a wide variety of uses. Many types of chisels have been devised, each specially suited to its intended use. Different types of chisels may be constructed quite differently, in terms of blade width or length, as well as shape and hardness of blade. They may have wooden handles attached or may be made entirely of one piece of metal.


Woodworking chisels

A sharp wood chisel in combination with a forstner wood drill bit is used to form this mortise for a half-lap joint in a timber frame.

Woodworking chisels range from quite small hand tools for tiny details, to large chisels used remove big sections of wood, in 'roughing out' the shape of a pattern or design. Typically, in woodcarving, one starts with a larger tool, and gradually progresses to smaller tools to finish the detail. One of the largest types of chisel is the slick, used in timber frame construction and wooden shipbuilding. According to their function there are many names given to woodworking chisels, such as: A Framing Slick is a large chisel, a tool that one typically uses to cut a mortise in wood in timber frame construction. ... Red brick timberframe building in Poznań, Poland Timber framing is the description of how a house is built using mortise and tenon joinery. ... For other uses, see Construction (disambiguation). ...

  • butt chisel: short chisel with beveled sides and straight edge for creating joints.
  • carving chisels: used for intricate designs and sculpting; cutting edges are many; such as gouge, skew, parting, straight, paring, and V-groove.
  • corner chisel: resembles a punch and has an L-shaped cutting edge. Cleans out square holes, mortises and corners with 90 degree angles.
  • flooring chisel: cuts and lifts flooring materials for removal and repair; ideal for tongue-and-groove flooring.
  • framing chisel: usually used with mallet; similar to a butt chisel, except it has a longer, slightly flexible blade.
  • slick: a large chisel driven by manual pressure, never struck.
  • mortise chisel: thick, rigid blade with straight cutting edge and square sides to make mortises and similar joints.
  • paring chisel: has a long blade which is ideal for cleaning grooves and accessing tight spaces.
  • skew chisel: has a 60 degree cutting angle and is used for trimming and finishing.

Gouge refers to one of several types of cutting tools, in addition to its meaning as a verb (the action of cutting or scooping with or as with a gouge) and its slang meaning (to cheat, defraud, swindle or extort) and, rarely, as a noun meaning a swindler (gouger). ... For other uses, see Mallet (disambiguation). ... Drawing of a slick A slick is a large chisel, characterized by a wide (2-4 inches, 5-10 cm), heavy blade, and a long, frequently slender, socketed handle. ... Simple and strong, the mortise and tenon joint (also called the mortice and tenon) has been used for centuries by woodworkers around the world to join two pieces of wood, most often at an angle close to 90°. Although there are many variations on the theme, the basic idea is...

Lathe tools

A lathe tool can be a woodworking chisel designed to cut wood as it is spun on a lathe. These tools have longer handles for more leverage, needed to counteract the tendency of the tool to react to the downward force of the spinning wood being cut or carved. In addition, the angle and method of sharpening is different, a secondary bevel would not be ground on the tool. Woodworking chisels range from quite small hand tools for tiny details, to large chisels used remove big sections of wood, in 'roughing out' the shape of a pattern or design. Typically, in woodcarving, one starts with a larger tool, and gradually progresses to smaller tools to finish the detail. One of the largest types of chisel is the slick, used in timber frame construction and wooden shipbuilding. According to their function there are many names given to woodworking chisels, such as: Conventional metalworking lathe In woodturning, metalworking, metal spinning, and glassworking, a lathe is a machine tool which spins a block of material so that when abrasive, cutting, or deformation tools are applied to the block, it can be shaped to produce an object which has rotational symmetry about an axis...


Metalworking chisels

Chisels used in metal work can be divided into two main categories, hot chisels, and cold chisels. A hot chisel is used to cut metal that has been heated in a forge to soften the metal. For finery forges (making iron), see finery forge. ...


Cold chisel

Bull Point & Cold Chisel

A cold chisel is a tool made of tempered steel used for cutting 'cold' metals, meaning that they are not used in conjunction with heating torches, forges, etc. Cold chisels are used to remove waste metal when a very smooth finish is not required or when the work cannot be easily carried out with other tools such as a hacksaw, file, bench shears or power tools. Download high resolution version (1758x681, 188 KB)Photograph taken by Glenn McKechnie on the 24th March 2005. ... Download high resolution version (1758x681, 188 KB)Photograph taken by Glenn McKechnie on the 24th March 2005. ... Carbon steel is a metal, a combination of two elements, iron & carbon, where other elements are present in quantities too small to affect the properties. ...


The name cold chisel comes from its use by blacksmiths to cut metal while it was cold as compared to other tools they used to cut hot metal. This tool is also commonly referred to by the misnomer 'coal chisel'. Because cold chisels are used to form metal, they have a less-acute angle to the sharp portion of the blade than a woodworking chisel. This gives the cutting edge greater strength at the expense of sharpness. Look up Misnomer in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Cold chisels come in a variety of sizes, from fine engraving tools that are tapped with very light hammers, to massive tools that are driven with sledgehammers. Cold chisles are forged to shape and hardened and tempered (to a brown colour) at the cutting edge. For other uses, see Sledgehammer (disambiguation). ...


The head of the chisel is chamfered to slow down the formation of the mushroom shape caused by hammering and is left soft to withstand hammer blows.


The are four common types of cold chisel. These are the flat chisel, the most widely known type, which is used to cut bars and rods to reduce surfaces and to cut sheet metal which is too thick or difficult to cut with snips. The cross cut chisel is used for cutting grooves and slots. The blade narrows behind the cutting edge to provide clearance. The round nose chisel is used for cutting semi-circular grooves for oil ways in bearings. The diamond point chisel is used for cleaning out corners or difficult places and pulling over centre punch marks wrongly placed for drilling. Although the vast majority of cold chisels are made of steel, a few are manufactured from beryllium copper, for use in special situations where non-sparking tools are required. Beryllium copper, also known as copper beryllium or beryllium bronze, is a metal alloy that contains copper with 0. ... Look up Spark in Wiktionary, the free dictionary A spark may be a small airborne ember from a fire. ...



Hardy chisel

A hardy chisel is a type of hot chisel with a square shank, which is held in place with the cutting edge facing upwards by placing it in an anvil's Hardy hole. The hot workpiece cut is then placed over the hardy, and struck with a hammer. The hammer drives the chisel into the hot metal, allowing it to be snapped off with a pair of tongs. For other uses, see Anvil (disambiguation). ... A Hardy hole is a square hole in an anvil, suitable for holding hardy tools in place. ... Tongs used for cooking or serving food Tongs are gripping and lifting tools, of which there are many forms adapted to their specific use. ...


Stone chisels

bolster chisel

Stone chisels are used to carve or cut stone, bricks or concrete slabs. To cut, as opposed to carve, a brick bolster is used; this has a wide, flat blade that is tapped along the cut line to produce a groove, then hit hard in the centre to crack the stone. To increase the force, stone chisels are often hit with club hammers, a heavier type of hammer. Image File history File links 62351-copy. ... Image File history File links 62351-copy. ... This page is a candidate to be moved to Wiktionary. ...


Masonry chisels

Masonry chisels are typically heavy, with a relatively dull head that wedges and breaks, rather than cuts. Normally used as a demolition tool, they may be mounted on a hammer drill, jack hammer, or hammered manually, usually with a heavy hammer of three pounds or more. Hammer drill A Hammer drill, also known as a rotary hammer or roto-hammer, (see also rotary hammer drill) is a rotary drill with a hammering action. ... The word jackhammer is also used in the name of the type of combat shotgun called the Pancor Jackhammer. ... For other uses, see Hammer (disambiguation). ...


Plugging chisel

A Plugging chisel has a tapered edge for cleaning out hardened mortar. The chisel is held with one hand and struck with a hammer. The direction of the taper in the blade determines if the chisel cuts deep or runs shallow along the joint. Mortar holding weathered bricks. ...


See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
chisel
Look up Chisel in
Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wiktionary (a portmanteau of wiki and dictionary) is a multilingual, Web-based project to create a free content dictionary, available in over 151 languages. ... A push style 5/16 keyway broach A broach is a series of chisel points mounted on one piece of steel. ... In lithic reduction, a burin is a special type of lithic flake with a chisel-like edge which prehistoric humans may have used for engraving or for carving wood or bone. ... A spud bar, scale in inches/feet A spud bar is a hand tool designed to deliver blows to a target, causing the target to move or deform. ... For other uses, see Tool (disambiguation). ... a Cutting Tool, in the context of Metalworking is any tool that is used to remove metal from the workpiece by means of shear deformation. ... Adze The tool known as the adze [pronounced adds] serves for smoothing rough-cut wood in hand woodworking. ... Axe For other uses, see Axe (disambiguation). ... A blade is the flat part of a tool or weapon that normally has a cutting edge and/or pointed end typically made of a metal, most recently, steel intentionally used to cut, stab, slice, throw, thrust, or strike an animate or inainimate object. ... Bolt cutters A bolt cutter is a scissors-like tool used for cutting heavy chains, bolts and wire mesh. ... A push style 5/16 keyway broach A broach is a series of chisel points mounted on one piece of steel. ... Ceramic tile cutters are used to cut tiles to a required size or shape. ... For other uses, see Chainsaw (disambiguation). ... A countersink is a tapered hole drilled with a wide outer portion. ... Several types of endmills An endmill is a type of Milling cutter, a cutting tool used in industrial milling applications. ... A froe is cleaving tool having a heavy blade set at right angles to the handle, used for woodworking. ... This article is about the tool. ... Drill bits are cutting tools used to create cylindrical holes. ... modern factory-made Machete For other uses, see Machete (disambiguation). ... Milling cutters are cutting tools used in milling machines or machining centres. ... Collection of Modern Safety Razors - Gillette Fusion Power, Gillette M3Power, Mach3 Turbo Champion, Schick Quattro Chrome, Schick Quattro Power, Gillette Mach3, Gillette Sensor, Schick Xtreme3, Schick Xtreme SubZero, and Schick Xtreme3 Disposables A razor is an edge tool primarily used in shaving. ... A reamer or ream is a tool for enlarging holes and is used in metalworking. ... Portable saw A saw is a tool for cutting wood or other material, consisting of a serrated blade (a blade with the cutting edge dentated or toothed) and worked either by hand or by steam, water, electric or other power. ... For other uses, see Scalpel (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Scissors (disambiguation). ... This article is about a type of knife. ... A tool bit generally refers to a plain High Speed Steel (HSS) tool. ... A diagram of a water jet cutter A water jet cutter is a tool capable of slicing into metal or other materials using a jet of water at high velocity and pressure, or a mixture of water and an abrasive substance. ... small spade for clay soil; the other one for sandy soil and loamy soil A garden tool is any one of many tools made for gardens and gardening and overlaps with the range of tools made for agriculture and horticulture. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A garden fork differs from a pitchfork because it is designed for digging rather than for lifting. ... Garden hedges, which used to be cut with a knife or with pruning shears, can now be cut with a powered hedge trimmer. ... Agricultural square bladed hoe. ... Hori hori is a gardening tool originally from Japan. ... A lawn mower (often spelled as one word—lawnmower) is a machine (electric or mechnical) used to cut grass to an even length. ... A lawn aerator is a garden tool designed to aerate the soil in which lawn grasses grow. ... The leaf blower was invented by Japanese engineers in the early 1970s and introduced to the United States as a lawn and garden maintenance tool. ... A leaf sweeper can be pushed or towed. ... Loppers Loppers are a type of scissors used for pruning twigs and small branches. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This combination heavy duty rake and hoe tool is named after Ranter Malcolm McLeod. ... A mini-tractor, also known as a compact tractor, can be used for a variety of purposes in larger gardens: lawn mowing, leaf sweeping, cultivating, removing snow, pulling a cart. ... A pitchfork next to a compost bin Pitching hay A pitchfork is a tool with a long handle and long, thin, widely separated pointed tines (also called prongs) used to lift and throw loose material, such as hay, leaves, grapes, or other agricultural products. ... For the constellation known as The Plough see Ursa Major. ... Sheares are doubled-bladed cutting implements with straight blades of between 200mm and 300mm. ... The pulaski is a special hand tool used in wildland firefighting. ... A heavy-duty rake for soil and rocks A light-duty rake for grass and leaves A double-sided rake A Rake better known as Kiran Buckman in various parts of Australia (Old English raca, cognate with Dutch raak, German Rechen, from a root meaning to scrape together, heap up... Secateurs, also called hand pruners, or loppers are a type of long scissors, with which one can prune branches of trees and shrubs. ... For other uses, see Spade (disambiguation). ... A rotary irrigation sprinkler in action. ... // A string trimmer, also called a line trimmer, edge trimmer, Weedeater (a brandname), Weedwhacker, weedy, whipper snipper, strimmer, garden strimmer, or bush cutter is a powered handheld device that uses a flexible monofilament line instead of a blade for cutting grass and other plants near objects. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... A hand tool is a device for doing a particular job that does not use a motor, but is powered solely by the person using it. ... A Brace or Brace and bit is a hand tool used to drill holes. ... A clamp is a fastening device to hold or secure objects tightly together to prevent movement or separation through the application of inward pressure. ... Standard hacksaws. ... For other uses, see Hammer (disambiguation). ... A crossut handsaw In woodworking and carpentry, hand saws are used to cut pieces of wood into different shapes. ... A spirit level A spirit level or bubble level is an instrument designed to indicate whether a surface is level or plumb. ... Needle-nose pliers Pliers are hand tools, designed primarily for gripping objects by using leverage. ... A variety of punches are used in engineering. ... A basic screwdriver made by Craftsman (slotted tip shown) A rechargeable battery-powered electric screwdriver from Black & Decker The screwdriver is a device specifically designed to insert and tighten, or to loosen and remove, screws. ... A torque wrench is a wrench used to precisely set the torque of a fastening such as a nut or bolt. ... Polyurethane sponge Close-up A sponge is a tool consisting of porous material used for cleaning impervious surfaces. ... A power tool is a tool with a motor. ... A bandsaw in use A bandsaw (often spelled band saw in the US) is a saw that can be used for woodworking, metal working, and a variety of other materials. ... Bosch belt sander Stationary belt sander. ... For other uses, see Chainsaw (disambiguation). ... Invented in England in 1780, the circular saw (also known as the buzz saw in the USA) is a metal disc or blade with saw teeth on the edge as well as the machine that causes the disk to spin. ... A concrete saw being readied for use. ... A crusher is a machine designed to reduce large solid chunks of raw material into smaller chunks. ... A diamond blade is a circular saw blade used for cutting hard or abrasive materials. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Sander. ... For other uses, see Drill (disambiguation). ... Rotating abrasive wheel on a bench grinder. ... Heat Gun Kit A heat gun is a device used to emit a stream of hot air. ... A 1/2 drive pistol-grip air impact wrench An impact wrench (also knows as an air wrench, air gun, or just gun in some contexts, as well as rattle gun in some countries) is a socket wrench power tool designed to deliver high torque output with minimal exertion by... A Bosch power jigsaw A jigsaw is a type of saw used for cutting arbitrary curves, such as stenciled designs or other custom shapes, into a piece of wood or similar material. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Conventional metalworking lathe In woodturning, metalworking, metal spinning, and glassworking, a lathe is a machine tool which spins a block of material so that when abrasive, cutting, or deformation tools are applied to the block, it can be shaped to produce an object which has rotational symmetry about an axis... A radial arm saw is a machine intended for cutting materials to length. ... Random orbit sanders are hand-held power sanders where the action is a random orbit. ... A handheld power tool with a variety of rotating accessory bits and attachments that can be used for cutting, carving, sanding, polishing and many other applications. ... A sander is a power tool used to smooth wood and automotive or wood finishes. ... A table saw or sawbench is the most common piece of large woodworking equipment. ... A thicknesser (also known as a thickness planer) is a woodworking machine which is used to create boards that are of an even thickness throughout their length. ... A D-handle fixed-base router A router is a woodworking tool used to rout out (hollow out) an area in the face of a piece of wood. ... An antique tool is generally defined as a tool over 100 years old[], but often this definition is used more loosely to refer to any tool manufactured before World War II. The use of tools is one of the primary means by which humans are distinguished from animals. ... A diamond tool is a cutting tool which contains diamond segments for cutting through a wide variety of materials which other cutting tools cannot. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Chisel - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (617 words)
A chisel is a tool with a cutting edge on its end, for carving and/or cutting a hard material such as wood, stone, or metal.
A hot chisel is used to cut metal that has been heated in a forge to soften the metal.
A Hardy Chisel is a type of hot chisel with a square shank, which is held in place with the cutting edge facing upwards by placing it in an anvil's Hardy hole.
Chisel - definition of Chisel in Encyclopedia (391 words)
A chisel is a tool for carving and/or cutting a hard material such as wood or stone or metals.
A chisel, typically made of hardened or tempered steel or more rarely, common steel consists of a sharpened end (called the blade) attached to a straight handle.
A cold chisel is a tool made of tempered steel used for cutting 'cold' metals, meaning that they are not used in conjunction with torches, etc. This tool is also commonly referred to by the misnomer 'coal chisel'.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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