FACTOID # 15: A mere 0.8% of West Virginians were born in a foreign country.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
 
WHAT'S NEW
RELATED ARTICLES
People who viewed "Chiptune" also viewed:
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Chiptune
MOS 6581 and 8580 Commodore 64 SID chips

A Chiptune, or chip music is music written in sound formats where all the sounds are synthesized in realtime by a computer or video game console sound chip, instead of using sample-based synthesis. The "golden age" of chiptunes was the mid 1980s to early 1990s, when such sound chips were the most common method for creating music on computers. In their desire to create a more complex arrangement that the restrictions posed by the medium apparently allowed, composers developed creative approaches when developing their own electronic sounds. This is due to the early computer sound chips having only simple tone and noise generators imposing limitations on the complexity of the sound. The resultant chiptunes sometimes seem harsh or squeaky to the unaccustomed listener. Chiptunes are closely related to video game music. The term has also been recently applied to more recent compositions that attempt to recreate the chiptune sound, albeit with more complex technology. Image of the MOS Technology SID also known as 6581. ... Image of the MOS Technology SID also known as 6581. ... “Game console” redirects here. ... A sound chip is an integrated circuit (i. ... Sample-based synthesis is a form of audio synthesis that can be similar in structure to either subtractive synthesis or additive synthesis. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... An electronic musical instrument is a musical instrument that produces its sounds using electronics. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

Contents

Technology

Historically, the chips used were sound chips like: Integrated circuit of Atmel Diopsis 740 System on Chip showing memory blocks, logic and input/output pads around the periphery Microchips with a transparent window, showing the integrated circuit inside. ... A sound chip is an integrated circuit (i. ...

For the MSX several sound upgrades, such as the Konami SCC, the Yamaha YM2413 (MSX-MUSIC) and Yamaha Y8950 (MSX-AUDIO, predecessor of the OPL3) and the OPL4-based Moonsound were released as well, each having its own characteristic chiptune sound. The Ricoh 2A03 or RP2A03 was the 8-bit microprocessor in the Nintendo Family Computer and Nintendo Entertainment System video game consoles sold in Japan and North America. ... “NES” redirects here. ... The Nintendo Entertainment System (U.S., Europe, and Australia) NES redirects here. ... An analog circuit is an electric circut that operates on analog signals. ... Digital circuits are electric circuits based on a number of discrete voltage levels. ... Atari POKEY (C012294) pin-out The Atari POKEY is a digital I/O chip found in the Atari 8-bit family of home computers and many arcade games in the 1980s. ... An Atari 800XL, one of the most popular machines in the series. ... MOS Technology SIDs: The right image shows a 6581 from MOS Technology, at the time they were known as the Commodore Semiconductor Group (CSG) and the left image shows an 8580 from MOS Technology. ... The Commodore 64 is the best-selling single personal computer model of all time. ... For the entire Game Boy series of handheld consoles, see Game Boy line. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with General Instrument AY-3-8910. ... The Amstrad CPC was a series of 8-bit home computers produced by Amstrad during the 1980s and early 1990s. ... Sony MSX 1, Model HitBit-10-P MSX was the name of a standardized home computer architecture in the 1980s. ... The ZX Spectrum is a home computer released in the United Kingdom in 1982 by Sinclair Research Ltd. ... The AY-3-8912 was a 3 voice sound chip designed by General Instruments. ... The Atari ST is a home/personal computer that was commercially popular from 1985 to the early 1990s. ... The ZX Spectrum is a home computer released in the United Kingdom in 1982 by Sinclair Research Ltd. ... YM2612, aka OPN2, is a six-channel sound synthesizer IC, or sound chip, produced by Yamaha. ... The Mega Drive/Genesis was a 16-bit video game console released by Sega in Japan (1988), Europe (1990) and most of the rest of the world as the Mega Drive. ... Yamaha YM3812 The Yamaha YM3812 also known as the OPL2 (OPL is an acronym for FM Operator Type-L) is a sound chip (i. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Sony MSX 1, Model HitBit-10-P MSX was the name of a standardized home computer architecture in the 1980s. ... The Konami SCC (Sound Custom Chip or Sound Creative Chip) is a sound chip developed by Konami with Yamaha for the MSX. Konami was dissatisfied with the capabilities of the PSG, the MSX and MSX2 built-in sound-chip. ... Yamaha YM2413 The YM2413, also called OPLL, is a cost-reduced sound chip manufactured by Yamaha Corporation and based on their YM3812 (OPL2). ... The Yamaha YMF262 also known as the OPL3 (OPL is an acronym for FM Operator Type-L), is an improved version of the sound chip Yamaha YM3812 (OPL2). ... Moonsound was the name of a high-performing sound-card released for the MSX home-computer system at the Tilburg computer fair in 1995. ...


Most of (but not all) chip sounds are synthesised by simply dividing a clock square wave to get a square wave of desired frequency, and sometimes using a sawtooth/triangle wave from volume LFO or an (ADSR) envelope to get some kind of ring modulation. LFO is usually limited to relatively low frequencies, so that technique is used for bass sounds only. A square wave is a kind of basic waveform. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A triangle wave is a waveform named for its triangular shape. ... Low frequency oscillation, often abbreviated to LFO, is a term that predominantly refers to an audio technique specifically used in the production of electronic music. ... An ADSR envelope is a parameter used in synthesizers, including those that produce sound by subtractive synthesis, to control the sound produced. ... Ring modulation is an audio effect performed by multiplying two audio signals, where one is typically a sine-wave or another simple waveform. ...


The technique of chiptunes with samples synthesized at runtime continued to be popular even on machines with full sample playback capability; because the description of an instrument takes much less space than a raw sample, these formats created very small files, and because the parameters of synthesis could be varied over the course of a composition, they could contain deeper musical expression than a purely sample-based format. Also, even with purely sample-based formats, such as the MOD format, chip sounds created by looping very small samples still could take up much less space. In computer science, runtime or run time describes the operation of a computer program, the duration of its execution, from beginning to termination (compare compile time). ... For other uses, see Mod. ...


As newer computers stopped using dedicated synthesis chips and began to primarily use sample-based synthesis, more realistic timbres could be recreated, but often at the expense of file size (as with MODs) and potentially without the personality imbued by the limitations of the older sound chips. For other uses, see Mod. ...


The standard MIDI file format, together with the General MIDI instrument set, describes only what notes are played on what instruments. General MIDI is not considered chiptune as a MIDI file contains no information describing the synthesis of the instruments. Musical Instrument Digital Interface, or MIDI, is a system designed to transmit information between electronic musical instruments. ... A file format is a particular way to encode information for storage in a computer file. ... General MIDI or GM is a specification for synthesizers which imposes several requirements beyond the more abstract MIDI standard. ...


Common file formats used to compose and play chiptunes are the SID, SNDH, MOD, XM, several Adlib based file formats and numerous exotic Amiga file formats. MOS Technology SIDs: The right image shows a 6581 from MOS Technology, at the time they were known as the Commodore Semiconductor Group (CSG) and the left image shows an 8580 from MOS Technology. ... The most common music format used on the Atari ST series of home computers. ... For other uses, see Mod. ... XM, standing for extended module, is an audio file type introduced by Tritons Fast Tracker 2. ... The Amiga is a family of home/personal computers originally developed by Amiga Corporation as an advanced game console. ...


Style

Generally chip tunes consist of basic waveforms, such as sine waves, square waves and sawtooth or triangle waves, and basic percussion, often generated from white noise going through an ADSR envelope controlled synthesizer. In trigonometry, an ideal sine wave is a waveform whose graph is identical to the generalized sine function y = Asin[ω(x − α)] + C, where A is the amplitude, ω is the angular frequency (2π/P where P is the wavelength), α is the phase shift, and C... A square wave is a kind of basic waveform. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A triangle wave is a waveform named for its triangular shape. ... “Percussion” redirects here. ... Calculated spectrum of a generated approximation of white noise White noise is a random signal (or process) with a flat power spectral density. ... An ADSR envelope is a parameter used in synthesizers, including those that produce sound by subtractive synthesis, to control the sound produced. ... For other uses, see Synthesizer (disambiguation). ...


For the above reasons the classic chiptune 8-bit sound can be recognised from its synthesised square or pulse wave instruments, simple white noise percussion and heavy use of ultra-fast arpeggios to emulate chords of three or four notes on a single channel (due to hardware limitation, several notes must be placed on the same channel). Various arpeggios as seen on a staff Notation of a chord in arpeggio In music, an arpeggio is a broken chord where the notes are played or sung in succession rather than simultaneously. ... Look up chord in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Demoscene intros came to feature their own particular style of chiptune music. Although chiptune could historically refer to any style of music, the term is mostly used today to refer to the style of music used in these intros, since other styles of music have moved on to more sophisticated technology. The demoscene is a computer art subculture that specializes itself on producing demos, non-interactive audio-visual presentations, which are run real-time on a computer. ...


More recent "old school" or "demostyle" MOD music, although sample-based, continues the style of the chiptunes used in these intros; new compositions in this style can still be regularly found in places such as www.chip-on.com and www.chiptune.com(new chiptunes from old computers/formats can be found here aswell). For other uses, see Mod. ...


Today

Modern computers can play a variety of chiptune formats through the use of emulators and platform-specific plugins for media players. Depending on the nature of hardware being emulated, 100% accuracy in software may not be available. The commonly used MOS Technology SID chip, for example, has a multi-mode filter including analog circuits whose characteristics are only mathematically estimated in emulation libraries.[1] DosBox emulates the familiar command line interface of DOS. An emulator duplicates (provide an emulation of) the functions of one system with a different system, so that the second system behaves like (and appears to be) the first system. ... This article is about media players in general. ... MOS Technology SIDs: The right image shows a 6581 from MOS Technology, at the time they were known as the Commodore Semiconductor Group (CSG) and the left image shows an 8580 from MOS Technology. ... A mixed-signal integrated circuits combines analog and digital circuitry. ... Television signal splitter consisting of a hi-pass and a low-pass filter. ...


The chip scene is far from dead with "compos" being held, groups releasing music disks and with the cracktro/demo scene. New tracker tools are making chip sounds available to less techy musicians. For example, Little Sound DJ for the Nintendo Game Boy has an interface designed for use in a live environment and features MIDI synchronization. On IBM PC platform, Fast Tracker is famous for all chiptune makers because of the ability to create hand-drawn samples with the mouse. Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... A music disk is a term which originated from the demoscene. ... A crack intro, also known as a cracktro, or just intro, is a small introduction sequence added to cracked software, designed to inform the user which cracking crew or individual cracker was responsible for removing the softwares copy prevention and distributing the crack. ... The demoscene is a computer art subculture that specializes itself on producing demos, non-interactive audio-visual presentations, which are run real-time on a computer. ... ModPlug Tracker in Fast Tracker 2 colors mode Tracker is the generic term for a class of software music sequencers which, in their purest form, allow the user to arrange sound samples stepwise on a timeline across several monophonic channels. ... Little Sound DJ is synthesizer, loop creater, and drum machine designed for the Nintendo Game Boy. ... The Game Boy ) line is a line of battery-powered handheld game consoles sold by Nintendo. ... Musical Instrument Digital Interface, or MIDI, is a system designed to transmit information between electronic musical instruments. ... Fasttracker 2 Fast Tracker, specifically Fast Tracker 2 (FT2), is a program that was one of the most widely used trackers in the world. ...


Contemporary interest in chipping has also led to numerous web sites dedicated to the history of music groups, artists, and antique platforms.


In the last couple of years, chip music has returned to modern gaming, either in full chip music style or using chip samples in the music. Games that do this in their soundtrack include Mega Man Battle Network, Seiklus, and Tetris DS. The MegaMan Battle Network series is one of Capcoms Mega Man series and debuted in 2001 on the Game Boy Advance. ... Seiklus is an unusual and distinctive platform game for Windows, created by a single author, cly5m, using Mark Overmarss Game Maker game development software. ... Tetris DS is a Touch! Generations puzzle game developed and published by Nintendo for the Nintendo DS. THQ announced Tetris DS before E3 2005, and scheduled it to make an appearance at the show. ...


Representative artists and ensembles

Classic chiptune composers

Ben Daglish is a composer and musician from the UK, known for creating many soundtracks during the 1980s for home computer games. ... Tim Follin is a video game music composer who has written tracks for a variety of titles and home gaming systems, including the Sinclair ZX Spectrum, Commodore 64, Commodore Amiga, NES, Super Nintendo, Game Boy, Dreamcast and PlayStation. ... Matt Furniss Matt Furniss is a videogame sound artist. ... Martin Galway (born January 3, 1966, Belfast, Northern Ireland) is one of the best known composers of music for the Commodore 64 sound chip, the SID soundchip. ... Jean Sebastien Gerard, a musician known by the alias Jess, wrote chiptunes mainly on the Atari ST during the 1990s. ... Richard Joseph is a game musician and sound specialist. ... Gary Gilbertson was a music composer for the Atari 8-bit family of home computers. ... Jochen Hippel is a musician from Kirchheimbolanden in southwest Germany. ... Rob Hubbard (born 1956?, Kingston upon Hull, England) is a music composer best known for his composition of computer game theme music, especially for microcomputers of the 1980s such as the Commodore 64. ... Chris Hülsbeck (born March 2, 1968) is a game music composer from Germany. ... Koji Kondo , b. ... Yuukichans Papa is a pseudonym used by a sound designer who worked on the first two Mega Man games for the Nintendo Entertainment System, considered by some to have the best soundtracks made for the console. ... Hirokazu Hip Tanaka, (田中宏和 たなか・ひろかず Tanaka Hirokazu) is a Japanese composer and musician best known for his scores for various video games produced by Nintendo. ... Jeroen Godfried Tel (aka Wave) is a Dutchman known for numerous computer game tunes he wrote in the 1980s and early 1990s for the Commodore 64. ... Nobuo Uematsu , born March 21, 1959) is a Japanese composer of video game music, and one of the most well-known, prolific, and versatile in the field. ... David Whittaker is known for numerous computer game tunes he wrote in 1980s and early 1990s for many different formats. ...

Media

Chiptune-style music sample
A short piece of chiptune-style music written in a NES sound chip emulator.
Problems listening to the file? See media help.
Lazy Jones Game Theme
Written by David Whittaker for a C64 game Lazy Jones.
Problems listening to the file? See media help.

Image File history File links Chiptune2. ... Nes is: A municipality in the county of Akershus in Norway, see Nes, Akershus. ... Image File history File links David_Whittaker_-_Lazy_Jones. ...

See also

  • Elektron SidStation - Professional synthesizer with a built-in SID chip
  • GoatTracker - crossplatform C64 music editor. Supports HardSID soundcard, CatWeasel MK3 or emulation via reSID
  • HardSID - A PCI card for modern computers that features from 1 to 4 actual SID chips
  • SLAY Radio - Commodore 64 Remixes
  • The High Voltage SID Collection - Commodore 64 music archive
  • Game Boy music
  • solipsistic NATION No. 8: Chiptunes Podcast. Documentary on chiptunes featuring interviews and music from Role Model (the creator of the Little Sound Disk Jockey program), One, Laromlab, Nullsleep, The Mikro Orchestra Project, Goto80 and 8 Bit Weapon.

The Elektron SidStation is a musical synthesizer sound module, built around the MOS Technology SID mixed-mode synthesizer chip originally used in the Commodore 64 home computer. ... MOS Technology SIDs: The right image shows a 6581 from MOS Technology, at the time they were known as the Commodore Semiconductor Group (CSG) and the left image shows an 8580 from MOS Technology. ... GoatTracker is a cross-platform Commodore 64 (MOS Technology SID) music tracker. ... The HardSID is a family of sound cards, produced by a Hungarian company Hard Software and originally conceived by Teli Sándor. ... MOS Technology SIDs: The right image shows a 6581 from MOS Technology, at the time they were known as the Commodore Semiconductor Group (CSG) and the left image shows an 8580 from MOS Technology. ... SLAY Radio is a 24/7 internet-only radio station dedicated to playing remixes and tunes based on music from the Commodore 64 computer, as well as the Amiga, popular in the 1980s and 1990s. ... The High Voltage SID Collection is both the name of a project to build a collection of music created on the MOS Technology 6581/8580 SID sound chip in Commodore CBM-II, Commodore 64 and Commodore 128 home computers and the collection itself. ... The scope of this article is the use of the Nintendo Game Boy as a musical instrument, be it as a soundsource in the studio, or live on stage. ...

Further reading

  • chiptunes documentation project - chiptune documentation and history

  Results from FactBites:
 
chiptune: Information from Answers.com (913 words)
Chiptune, or chip music, or micromusic is music written in sound formats where all the sounds are synthesized in realtime by a computer or video game console sound chip, instead of using sample-based synthesis.
The "golden age" of chiptunes was the mid 1980s to early 1990s, when such sound chips were the only widely available means for creating music on computers.
Although chiptune could historically refer to any style of music, the term is mostly used today to refer to the style of music used in these intros, since other styles of music have moved on to more sophisticated technology.
Chiptune forum / What is chiptune? (6668 words)
chiptunes might be as impossible to fully describe in words as it is when you say..
I'm really happy they all exist and make their kind of chiptunes and don't care about what the known chiptune is supposed to sound like.
like a main "blip blop"-genre and within it there are chiptunes which word should stop being used for the whole phenomena and only when technically, the tune is made on a primitive sound chip and you'd say "this blipblop-tune is also a chiptune" about an lsdj-tune and "this blipblop-tune is free form".
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m