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Encyclopedia > Chinstrap penguin
Chinstrap Penguin
An adult guarding a chick, with feeding chick in background.
An adult guarding a chick, with feeding chick in background.
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Sphenisciformes
Family: Spheniscidae
Genus: Pygoscelis
Species: P. antarcticus
Binomial name
Pygoscelis antarcticus
(Forster, 1781)

The Chinstrap Penguin (Pygoscelis antarcticus) is a species of penguin which is found in the South Sandwich Islands, Antarctica, the South Orkneys, South Shetland, South Georgia, Bouvet Island, Balleny and Peter I Island. Their name derives from the narrow black band under their heads which makes it appear as if they are wearing black helmets, making them one of the most easily identified types of penguin. Other names for them are "Ringed Penguins", "Bearded Penguins", and "Stonecracker Penguins" due to their harsh call. They grow to 68 cm (27 in) and there are approximately 7,500,000 breeding pairs. The average adult weight of a Chinstrap Penguin is 4.5 kg (10 lbs) [1]. Their diet consists of krill (a shrimp-like sea creature) and fish. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 396 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (700 × 1059 pixel, file size: 226 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Chinstrap Penguin, Manchot à jugulaire (Pygoscelis antarctica) photo from US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration www. ... The conservation status of a species is an indicator of the likelihood of that species remaining extant either in the present day or the near future. ... Image File history File links Status_iucn3. ... Least Concern (LC) is an IUCN category assigned to extant species or lower taxa which have been evaluated but do not qualify for any other category. ... The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (also known as the IUCN Red List and Red Data List), created in 1963, is the worlds most comprehensive inventory of the global conservation status of plant and animal species and can be found here. ... Scientific classification redirects here. ... For other uses, see Animal (disambiguation). ... Typical Classes See below Chordates (phylum Chordata) are a group of animals that includes the vertebrates, together with several closely related invertebrates. ... For other uses, see Bird (disambiguation). ... This article is about penguin birds. ... This article is about penguin birds. ... Species Pygoscelis adeliae Pygoscelis antarctica Pygoscelis papua Pygoscelis tyreei (fossil) Pygoscelis calderensis (fossil) Pygoscelis grandis (fossil) The genus Pygoscelis (elbow-legged) contains three living species of penguins collectively known as The Brush-Tailed Penguins. Their appearance - black above, white below - is that of what most people think of when they... Latin name redirects here. ... Johann Reinhold Forster Johann Reinhold Forster and Georg Forster in Tahiti, by John Francis Rigaud (1742-1810), 1780. ... Modern genera Aptenodytes Eudyptes Eudyptula Megadyptes Pygoscelis Spheniscus For prehistoric genera, see Systematics Some penguins are curious. ... South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands is an overseas territory of the United Kingdom, also claimed by Argentina. ... The South Orkney Islands (Spanish: Islas Orcadas) are a group of sub-antarctic islands situated at latitudes 60°50 to 60°83 S, and longitudes 44°25 to 46°25 W in the Southern Ocean. ... Location of the South Shetlands The South Shetland Islands are a group of Antarctic islands, lying about 120 kilometres north of the Antarctic Peninsula. ... Motto Leo Terram Propriam Protegat(Latin) Let the Lion protect his own land or May the Lion protect his own land Anthem God Save the Queen Capital Grytviken (King Edward Point) Official languages English Government British overseas territory  -  Head of State Queen Elizabeth II  -  Commissioner Alan Huckle Area  -  Total 3... The Balleny Islands (66°55′ S 163°45′ E) form a chain of uninhabited, mainly volcanic, islands in the Southern Ocean streching from 66°15 to 67°35S and 162°30 to 165°00E. The group contains three main islands: Young, Buckle and Sturge, which lie in a... Fabian von Bellingshausen discovered Peter I Island (in Norwegian ) off West Antarctica on January 21, 1821. ...

Contents

Behavior

On land they build circular nests from stones, and lay around two eggs, which are incubated by both the male and the female for shifts of five to ten days. They can also breed on icebergs, though they prefer non-icy conditions. The chicks hatch after about 35 days, and have fluffy gray backs and white fronts. The chicks stay in the nest for 20–30 days before they go to join a creche. At around 50–60 days old, they moult, gaining their adult plumage and go to sea. The Crèche in zoology refers to care of anothers offspring, for instance in a colony. ...


The Chinstrap are some of the boldest and most aggressive penguins.

juvenile
juvenile

Diet

Chinstrap Penguins at iceberg in Antarctica
Chinstrap Penguins at iceberg in Antarctica

The diet of the Chinstrap consists of: small shoaling animals, krill, small fish and other roaming marine crustaceans. They are considered near-shore feeders foraging among the pack ice, although vagrants may occasionally be seen in the open sea. They feed by pursuit-diving for prey close to their breeding colonies. Diving effort is usually concentrated near midnight and noon and dives typically last less than a minute and are seldom more than 200 feet deep. Like most penguins, Chinstraps using their flippers to swim at speeds of up to 20 miles per hour. On land, Chinstraps often 'toboggan' on their stomachs, propelling themselves by their feet and flippers. They climb out of the water and up steep slopes using all four limbs and they are able to jump large distances to reach footholds. For other uses, see Iceberg (disambiguation). ...


Roy and Silo

In 2004, two male chinstrap penguins named Roy and Silo in Central Park Zoo, New York City formed a pair-bond, and took turns trying to "hatch" a rock; this was substituted by a keeper for a fertile egg, and the pair subsequently hatched and raised the chick. See And Tango Makes Three. Wendell and Cass, another male-male couple at the New York Zoo Cover of the childrens book, And Tango Makes Three Roy and Silo are a penguin couple at the New York Aquarium. ... The Central Park Zoo is located in Central Park in New York City and run by the Wildlife Conservation Society. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... In biology, a pair bond is the strong affinity that develops in some species between the male and female in a breeding pair. ... And Tango Makes Three cover And Tango Makes Three (Simon & Schuster Childrens Publishing, April 26 2005 ISBN 0-689-87845-1) is a childrens book, based on the true story of Roy and Silo, two penguins from a New York zoo who are a couple. ...


References

  • BirdLife International (2004). Pygoscelis antarcticus. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. Retrieved on 06 Feb 2007. Database entry includes justification for why this species is of least concern
  1. ^ Weight of Chinstrap Penguin

The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (also known as the IUCN Red List and Red Data List), created in 1963, is the worlds most comprehensive inventory of the global conservation status of plant and animal species and can be found here. ... The World Conservation Union or International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) is an international organization dedicated to natural resource conservation. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Pygoscelis antarctica
  • Info about all species of penguins
  • 70south.com: Info on Chinstrap penguins
  • Chinstrap Penguin images
  • Penguin World: Chinstrap penguins

  Results from FactBites:
 
Chinstrap Penguins (254 words)
Chinstraps breed on sub-Antarctic islands and on the Antarctic Peninsula.
Chinstrap penguins build roughly circular nests of stones; the nests are typically 40 cm in diameter and up to 15 cm high in the centre.
Chinstrap penguins are sometimes known as "Stonecracker Penguins", this name derives from their shrill call.
Virtual Antarctica Science: Penguins (1914 words)
Penguin wings are highly modified to form stiff paddle-like flippers used for swimming, and their feet and stubby tails combine to form a rudder.
Chinstrap penguins are named for the distinctive narrow band of fl feathers that extends from ear to ear.
Chinstraps are regarded as the boldest and most pugnacious of the pygoscelid species; they average 28 to 29 inches (71 to 76 cm) in height and weigh some 8.6 to 9.7 pounds (3.9 - 4.4 kg).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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