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Encyclopedia > Chingleput
Chingleput

Chingleput
State
 - District(s)
Tamil Nadu
 - Kancheepuram
Coordinates 12.7° N 79.98° E
Area
 - Elevation

 - 36 m
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Population (2001)
 - Density
62,631
 - 

Chingleput or Chengalpattu is a city and a municipality in Kancheepuram district in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. It is located on the Palar River about 56 km south-southwest of the city of Chennai (Madras). Chingleput is an important railway junction and commercial center. It has a medical school and other colleges affiliated with the University of Madras. Image File history File links India-locator-map-blank. ... Image File history File links Locator_Dot. ... India is subdivided into twenty-eight states and seven union territories; the states and territories are themselves further subdivided. ... The divisions of a district. ... Tamil Nadu (தமிழ் நாடு, Land of the Tamils) is a state at the southern tip of India. ... Kanchipuram District Kanchipuram, Kanchi, or Kancheepuram (also sometimes Conjeevaram) is a district is in the northeast of Tamil Nadu, adjacent to the Bay of Bengal. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Basic Definition In geography, the elevation of a geographic location is its height above mean sea level (or some other fixed point). ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... Indian Standard Time (IST) is the time zone for India. ... 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and also: The International Year of the Volunteer The United Nations Year of Dialogue Among Civilizations Events January January 1 - A black monolith measuring approximately nine feet tall appears in Seattles Magnuson Park, placed by an anonymous... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... A municipality or general-purpose district (compare with: special-purpose district) is an administrative local area generally composed of a clearly defined territory and commonly referring to a city, town, or village government. ... Kanchipuram District Kanchipuram, Kanchi, or Kancheepuram (also sometimes Conjeevaram) is a district is in the northeast of Tamil Nadu, adjacent to the Bay of Bengal. ... Tamil Nadu (தமிழ் நாடு, Land of the Tamils) is a state at the southern tip of India. ... The Palar is a river of southern India. ... Chennai   (Tamil: ), formerly known as Madras  , is the capital of the state of Tamil Nadu and is Indias fourth largest metropolitan city. ... Madras refers to: the Indian city of Chennai, formerly known as Madras, the former Indian state, now known as Tamil Nadu (Plural of Madra): Ancient people of Iranian affinites, who lived in northwest Panjab in the Uttarapatha division of ancient India. ... Commerce is the trading of something of economic value such as goods, services, information or money between two or more entities. ... Faculty of Medical Sciences of the State University of Campinas, in Campinas, Brazil A medical school, or faculty of medicine, is a tertiary educational institution or part of such an institution that teaches medicine. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... The University of Madras is one of the three oldest universities in India (along with University of Mumbai and University of Calcutta). ...

Contents

Railway Station

Chingleput Railway station is a junction of trains from Egmore and Beach to down to various places of Tamil Nadu It also starts to Arakkonam via Famous Conjeevaram


History

Chingleput was formerly a capital of the kings of Vijayanagara, after their defeat by the Muslim Deccan sultanates at Battle of Talikota in 1565. In 1639 a local governor or Nayak, subject to these kings, granted a piece of coastal land to the British East India Company where Fort St George now stands, which became the nucleus of the city of Madras. The fortress at Chingleput, built by the Vijayanagara kings in the 16th century, was of strategic importance, owing to its swampy surroundings and the lake that flanked its side. Vijayanagara (often written Vijayanagar, meaning the city of victory), in northern Karnataka, is the name of the now ruined capital city of the historic Vijayanagara empire in the Southern part of India. ... A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Turkish: Müslüman, Persian and Urdu: مسلمان, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of Islam. ... The Deccan sultanates were five Muslim-ruled kingdoms–-Bijapur, Golconda, Ahmednagar, Bidar, and Berar of south-central India. ... Battle of Talikota or Tellikota (January 26, 1565) fought between the Vijayanagara Empire and the Deccan sultanates resulted in a rout for Vijayanagara and ended the last great Hindu kingdom in South India. ... // Events March 1 - the city of Rio de Janeiro is founded. ... Events January 14 - Connecticuts first constitution, the Fundamental Orders, is adopted. ... A Nayak (also Nayaka, Nayaker/Naicker (Tamil) or Nayadu/Naidu (Telegu) or Nair (Malayalam) Nayake/Naike (Sinhala) or Naik (Marathi) ) is the title of a government official, equivalent to a provincial governor or viceroy, in the Telugu kingdoms of southern India, including the Kakatiya kingdom of Warangal (11th-14th centuries... The British East India Company, sometimes referred to as John Company, was a joint-stock company which was granted an English Royal Charter by Elizabeth I on December 31, 1600, with the intention of favouring trade privileges in India. ... Fort St George is the name of the first British fortress in India, built in 1644 at the coastal city of Madras (modern city of Chennai. ...


Chingleput was taken by the French in 1751, and was retaken in 1752 by Robert Clive, after which it proved of great strategic advantage to the British, especially when Lally failed to capture the fortress in his advance on Madras. Events Adam Smith is appointed professor of logic at the University of Glasgow March 25 - For the last time, New Years Day is legally on March 25 in England and Wales. ... 1752 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive of Plassey (September 29, 1725 - November 22, 1774) was the statesman and general who established the empire of British India. ... Thomas Arthur, comte de Lally, baron de Tollendal (January, 1702 - 1766), French general, was born at Romans, Dauphin, being the son of Sir Gerard OLally, an Irish Jacobite who married a French lady of noble family, from whom the son inherited his titles. ...


During the wars of the British with Hyder Ali of Mysore it withstood his assault, and afforded a refuge to the nearby residents; in 1780, after the defeat of Colonel W. Baillie, the army of Sir Hector Munro took refuge there. By 1900 the town was noted for its manufacture of pottery, and was a local market center, especially of the rice trade. The surrounding district was home to cotton and silk weaving, indigo dyeing, tanneries, and a cigar factory, and extensive salt manufacturing took place along the coast. Hyder Ali or Haidar Ali (c. ... The Kingdom of Mysore was a kingdom of southern India, which was founded about 1400 by the Wodeyar dynasty, who ruled the state until Indian independence in 1947, when the kingdom became Mysore state of India, later renamed Karnataka. ... 1900 (MCM) was an exceptional common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, but a leap year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar. ...


In the past Chingleput was established as a district of the Madras Presidency in 1765. The administrative headquarters were at Saidapet. The area of the district was 3079 sq. mi., and the population was 1,312,122 in 1901. In 1999, the district was split into the districts of Kanchipuram and Thiruvallur. Madras Presidency, also known as Madras Province and known officially as Presidency of Fort St. ... 1765 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Saidapet is a suburb of the city of Chennai, India. ... 1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Kanchipuram temple, engraved in 1811. ... Tiruvallur is an town in Tamil Nadu state of southern India. ...


Geography

Chengalpattu is located at 12.7° N 79.98° E[1]. It has an average elevation of 36 metres (118 feet). The metre, or meter (US), is a measure of length. ... A foot (plural: feet) is any of several old units of distance or length, measuring around a quarter to a third of a meter. ...


Chengalpattu is a Railway Junction on the North South Corridor connectiong CHENNAI the State's capital ont he North East, Kanchipuram on the West, to Other parts of the Country down South to Kanyakumari.It is well connected by Road and Rail.U can board a Bus or Train from Chennai the State's Capital or from any other part of State of TAMILNADU to Chengalpattu.The Chennai Airport is just 28 Kms drive from the town.


It has had at least following important temples Iiswar temple, Vinayaga temple, Rama temple and Hanuman temple.


The radio hill was once maintained well. As the name suggests it is a small hill with tanks for drinking water distributionto the town during 50s and 60s. A park with roses and other flowers and benches with radio broadcast where retired person will relax ln the evening. hence the name "Radio Hill". It was having a good district centre library. There were 2 Talkies Thirumlai and Ganapathi. There were 3 ponds water reservoirs. There were 3 schools. St Joseph high school. Ramakrishna high school. St colombus high school. Vedachlam nagar was developing near the junction of roads to Thiru kazhu kunram and Mahabalipuram . Big hospital had come here where Director Sridhar of yester year and born at chengleput shot his important scenes of his famous movie "Nenjil oor Aalyam" A Temple in the mind which was also shot in Hindhi


Demographics

As of 2001 India censusGRIndia, Chengalpattu had a population of 62,631. Males constitute 50% of the population and females 50%. Chengalpattu has an average literacy rate of 81%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with male literacy of 84% and female literacy of 77%. 9% of the population is under 6 years of age. 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and also: The International Year of the Volunteer The United Nations Year of Dialogue Among Civilizations Events January January 1 - A black monolith measuring approximately nine feet tall appears in Seattles Magnuson Park, placed by an anonymous... 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ...


Tourism

Today Chengalpattu has developed as a touristic spot for many foreign travellers on their way to Mamallapuram and Kanchipuram. The boat house established by TTDC in the Kolavai Lake which is situated alongside of the NH 45 highway has now turned a place for many people to relax. The monsoon rains flooded the gates of the lake by DECEMBER of 2005.Due to which the TTDC Boat club has stopped functioning and to the worse the Sewage from the town has polluted the Lake so much so that Fishing activities have come down.


References

  1. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Chengalpattu

  Results from FactBites:
 
Chingleput - LoveToKnow 1911 (256 words)
CHINGLEPUT, or Chengalpat, a town and district of British India, in the Madras presidency.
With Chandragiri in North Arcot, Chingleput was once the capital of the Vijayanagar kings, after their overthrow by the Mussulmans at Talikota in 1565.
The town is noted for its manufacture of pottery, and carries on a trade in rice.
NodeWorks - Encyclopedia: Chingleput (332 words)
Chingleput was formerly a capital of the kings of Vijayanagara, after their defeat by the Muslim Deccan sultanates at Battle of Talikota in 1565.
Chingleput was taken by the French in 1751, and was retaken in 1752 by Robert Clive, after which it proved of great strategic advantage to the British, especially when Lally failed to capture the fortress in his advance on Madras.
Chingleput was established as a district of the Madras Presidency in 1765.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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