FACTOID # 28: Austin, Texas has more people than Alaska.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Chinese mythology

Chinese mythology is a collection of cultural history, folktales, and religions that have been passed down in oral or written form. There are several aspects to Chinese mythology, including creation myths and legends and myths concerning the founding of Chinese culture and the Chinese state. Like many mythologies, some people believe it to be at least in part a factual recording of history. Cultural history (from the German term Kulturgeschichte), at least in its common definition since the 1970s, often combines the approaches of anthropology and history to look at popular cultural traditions and cultural interpretations of historical experience. ... Folklore is the ethnographic concept of the tales, legends, or superstitions current among a particular ethnic population, a part of the oral history of a particular culture. ... The word mythology (from the Greek μυολογία mythología, from μυολογείν mythologein to relate myths, from μύος mythos, meaning a narrative, and λόγος logos, meaning speech or argument) literally means the (oral) retelling of myths – stories that a particular culture believes to be true and that use the supernatural to interpret natural events and... Creation beliefs and stories describe how the universe, the Earth, life, and/or humanity came into being. ... Chinese culture has roots going back over five thousand years. ... Peoples Republic of China (PRC), which governs mainland China, Hong Kong, and Macau; or Republic of China (ROC), which governs Taiwan, the Pescadores, the Matsu Islands, and Kinmen. ... The title page to The Historians History Of The World. ...


Historians have conjectured that the Chinese mythology began in 12th century B.C.. The myths and the legends were passed down in oral format for over a thousand years, before being written down in early books such as Shui Jing Zhu and Shan Hai Jing. Other myths continued to be passed down through oral traditions such as theatre and song, before being recorded in the form of novels such as Fengshen Yanyi. (Redirected from 1100 BC) Centuries: 13th century BC - 12th century BC - 11th century BC Decades: 1150s BC 1140s BC 1130s BC 1120s BC 1110s BC - 1100s BC - 1090s BC 1080s BC 1070s BC 1060s BC 1050s BC Events and Trends 1100 BC - Tiglath-Pileser I of Assyria conquers the Hittites... Translated into English it means Commentary on the Waterways Classic. Work on the ancient geography of what is now China. ... Shanhaijing illustration of Nüwa Shanhaijing illustration of Nine-tailed Fox, companion of Xi Wangmu The Shan Hai Jing (Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Shan Hai Ching; literally Classic of the Mountains and Seas) is a Chinese classic text that is at least 2,000 years old. ... Fengshen Yanyi (Traditional Chinese: 封神演義; Simplified Chinese: 封神演义) (translated as The Investiture of the Gods or The Creation of the Gods), also known as Fengshen Bang (Traditional Chinese: 封神榜; Simplified Chinese: 封神榜), is one of the major works of classical Chinese literature created in Ming dynasty. ...

Contents

Records of Myths

in their settled forms. Most myths extant today are derived from their recording in these works.

  • Shan Hai Jing - Literally Mountain and Sea Scroll, the Shan Hai Jing describes the myths, witchcraft, and religion of ancient China in great detail and also has a record of the geography, sea and mountains, history, medicine, customs, and ethnicities in ancient times. It has been called an early encyclopedia of China. In Wu Chinese, "talking about the Shan Hai Jing" is an idiom meaning gossip or idle chat.
  • Shui Jing Zhu - Literally Commentaries on the Water Scroll, this work began as commentaries on the briefer work of the Water Scroll, but became famous of its own accord because of its extensive record of geography, history, and associated legends.
  • Hei'an Zhuan - Epic of Darkness Literally Epic of the Darkness, this is the only collection of legends in epic form preserved by a community of the Han nationality of China, namely, inhabitants of the Shennongjia mountain area in Hubei, containing accounts from the birth of Pangu till the historical era.
  • Imperial historical documents and philosophical canons such as Shangshu, Shiji, Liji, Lushi Chunqiu, and others.

Some myths survive in theatrical or literary formats, as plays or novels. Important mythological fiction which is seen as definitive records of these myths include: Shanhaijing illustration of Nüwa Shanhaijing illustration of Nine-tailed Fox, companion of Xi Wangmu The Shan Hai Jing (Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Shan Hai Ching; literally Classic of the Mountains and Seas) is a Chinese classic text that is at least 2,000 years old. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Wu (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is one of the major divisions of the Chinese language. ... Translated into English it means Commentary on the Waterways Classic. Work on the ancient geography of what is now China. ... The Epic of Darkness (黑暗传 HÄ“i Àn Zhuàn) is a collection of tales and legends of primeval China in epic form, preserved by the inhabitants of the Shennongjia mountain area in Hubei. ... The epic is a broadly defined genre of narrative poetry, characterized by great length, multiple settings, large numbers of characters, or long span of time involved. ... Han Chinese (Simplified: 汉; Traditional: 漢; Pinyin: hàn) is a term which refers to the majority ethnic group within China and the largest single human ethnic group in the world. ... Hubei (Chinese: 湖北; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Hu-pei; Postal System Pinyin: Hupeh) is a central province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The Classic of History (書經/书经 Shū Jīng) is a collection of documents and speeches alleged to have been written by rulers and officials of the early Zhou period and before. ... The Records of the Grand Historian or the Records of the Grand Historian of China was the magnum opus of Sima Qian, in which he recounted Chinese history from the time of the mythical Yellow Emperor until his own time. ... Classic of Rites The Classic of Rites (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: ) was one of the Five Classics of the Confucian canon. ... The Spring and Autumn Annals (春秋 ChÅ«n QiÅ«, also known as 麟經 Lín JÄ«ng) is the official chronicle of the state of Lu covering the period from 722 BCE to 481 BCE. It is the earliest surviving Chinese historical text to be arranged on annalistic principles. ...

  • Verse poetry of ancient states such as Lisao by Qu Yuan of the Chu state.
  • Fengshen Yanyi (封神演義), or Anointing of the Gods, which is mythological fiction dealing with the founding of the Zhou dynasty.
  • Journey to the West, by Wu Cheng'en, a fictionalised account of the pilgrimage of Xuanzang to India, in which the pilgrims encounter a variety of ghosts, monsters, and demons.
  • Baishe Zhuan, a romantic tale set in Hangzhou involving a snake who attained human form and fell in love with a man.

Qu Yuan (Chinese: ; pinyin: ) (ca. ... Chu could refer to: The Chu river valley in modern Kyrgyzstan. ... Fengshen Yanyi (Traditional Chinese: 封神演義; Simplified Chinese: 封神演义) (translated as The Investiture of the Gods or The Creation of the Gods), also known as Fengshen Bang (Traditional Chinese: 封神榜; Simplified Chinese: 封神榜), is one of the major works of classical Chinese literature created in Ming dynasty. ... Boundaries of the Western Zhou Dynasty (1050 - 771 BC) in China The Zhou Dynasty (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Chou Ch`ao; 1122 BC to 256 BC (ref) followed the Shang (Yin) Dynasty and preceded the Qin Dynasty in China. ... The four heroes of the story, left to right: SÅ«n Wùkōng, Xuánzàng, ZhÅ« Bājiè, and Shā Wùjìng. ... Wu Chengen (Traditional Chinese: 吳承恩; Simplified Chinese: 吴承恩; pinyin: Wú ChéngÄ“n) (1500? or 1506?-1582) , was a Chinese novelist and poet of the Ming Dynasty. ... A portrait of Xuanzang Xuanzang (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Hsüan-tsang; CantoneseIPA: jyn4tsɔŋ1; CantoneseJyutping: jyun4zong1) was a famous Chinese Buddhist monk, scholar, traveler and translator that brought up the interaction between China and India in the early Tang period. ... It has been suggested that Lady White Snake be merged into this article or section. ...   (Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; Postal map spelling: Hangchow) is a sub-provincial city in the Peoples Republic of China and the capital of Zhejiang province. ...

Myths and Legends

Creation myths

A unique characteristic of Chinese culture is the relatively late appearance in Chinese literature of creation myths. Those that do exist appear well after the foundation of Confucianism, Taoism, and Folk Religions. The stories exist in several versions, often conflicting, with the creation of the first humans being variously ascribed to Shangdi, Heaven, Nuwa, Pangu, Yu Huang. The following presents common versions of the creation story in roughly chronological order. Shangdi or Shang Ti (Wade-Giles) (上帝, pinyin Shàngdì), literally translated, Lord Above or Sovreign Above, in Chinese culture, is the name used both in traditional Chinese religion as well as Christianity for a supreme deity. ... Tian (天 Pinyin Tiān) is the Chinese character for heaven or sky. ... Nuwa can mean several things: Nüwa is a Chinese creator goddess. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The Jade Emperor (玉皇 Pinyin: Yù Huáng or 玉帝 Yù Dì), known informally by children and commoners as Grandpa Heaven (天公 Tiān Gōng) and known formally as the Pure August Jade Emperor or August Personage of Jade (玉皇上帝 Yu...

Nuwa and Fuxi represented as half-snake, half-human creatures.
  • Shangdi (上帝), appearing in literature probably about 700 BC, or earlier (the dating of these occurrences depends on the date of the Shujing, aka "Book of History"). There are no "creation" oriented narratives for Shangdi, although the role of a creator is a possible interperatation. Although Shangdi appears to have the attributes of a "person", detailed references to Shangdi as the creator are not explicitly identified until about the Han Dynasty.
  • Tian (天, or Heaven), appearing in literature probably about 700 BC, or earlier (the dating of these occurrences depends on the date of the Shujing, aka "Book of History"). There are no "creation" oriented narratives for 'Heaven', although the role of a creator is a possible interperatation. The qualities of 'Heaven' and Shangdi appear to merge in later literature (and are worshipped as one entity ("皇天上帝") in, for example, the Temple of Heaven in Beijing). The extent of the distinction (if any) between them is debated.
  • Nüwa (女媧), appearing in literature no earlier than about 350 BC, is said to have recreated, or created humanity. Her companion was Fuxi (伏羲), the brother and husband of Nuwa. These two beings are sometimes worshipped as the ultimate ancestor of all humankind. They are often represented as half-snake, half-human creatures. Nüwa was also responsible for repairing the sky after Gong Gong damaged the pillar supporting the heavens (see below).
  • Pangu (盤古), appearing in literature no earlier than about 200 AD, was the first sentient being and creator. In the beginning there was nothing but a formless chaos. Out of this chaos there was born an egg for eighteen thousand years. When the forces of Yin and Yang balanced, Pangu emerged from the egg, and set about the task of creating the world. He separated Yin and Yang with a swing of his great axe. The heavy Yin sank to become the Earth, while the light Yang rose to become the Heavens. Pangu stood between them, and pushed up the sky. At the end of eighteen thousand years, Pangu laid to rest. His breath became the wind; his voice the thunder; left eye the sun and right eye the moon; his body became the mountains and extremes of the world; his blood formed rivers; his muscles the fertile lands; his facial hair the stars and milky way; his fur the bushes and forests; his bones the valuable minerals; his bone marrows sacred diamonds; his sweat fell as rain; and the little creatures on his body (in some versions, the fleas), carried by the wind, became human beings all over the world.
  • Yu Huang (玉皇, or Jade Emperor), including representations such as Yuanshi Tianzun (元始天尊), Huangtian Shangdi (皇天上帝), appear in literature well after the establishment of Taoism in China.

Image File history File links Nuva_fuxi. ... Image File history File links Nuva_fuxi. ... Shangdi or Shang Ti (Wade-Giles) (上帝, pinyin Shàngdì), literally translated, Lord Above or Sovreign Above, in Chinese culture, is the name used both in traditional Chinese religion as well as Christianity for a supreme deity. ... The Classic of History, Shu Jing, Shang Shu (書經 traditional / 书经 simplified ShÅ« JÄ«ng, literally Book Classic, more commonly, Book of History, Classic of History) It is also frequently known as the 尚書 Shang4 Shu1, Esteemed Book. ... Han Dynasty in 87 BC Capital Changan (202 BC–9 AD) Luoyang (25 AD–190 AD) Language(s) Chinese Religion Taoism, Confucianism Government Monarchy History  - Establishment 206 BC  - Battle of Gaixia; Han rule of China begins 202 BC  - Interruption of Han rule 9 AD - 24 AD  - Abdication to Cao... Tian (天 Pinyin Tiān) is the Chinese character for heaven or sky. ... The Classic of History, Shu Jing, Shang Shu (書經 traditional / 书经 simplified ShÅ« JÄ«ng, literally Book Classic, more commonly, Book of History, Classic of History) It is also frequently known as the 尚書 Shang4 Shu1, Esteemed Book. ... Hall of Annual Prayer, the largest building in the Temple of Heaven The Temple of Heaven, literally the Altar of Heaven (Traditional Chinese: , Simplified Chinese: , pinyin: Tiāntán; Manchu: Abkai mukdehun) is a complex of Taoist buildings situated in southeastern urban Beijing, in Xuanwu District. ... Beijing (Chinese: 北京; pinyin: BÄ›ijÄ«ng; IPA: ;  ), a metropolis in northern China, is the capital of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC). ... Nyuu Wa iconograph in Shan Hai Jing In Chinese mythology, Nüwa (Traditional Chinese: 女媧 Simplified Chinese: 女娲 Pinyin: nÇšwā) is mythological character best known for reproducing people after a great calamity. ... Creation beliefs and stories describe how the universe, the Earth, life, and/or humanity came into being. ... Humanity refers to the human race or mankind as a whole, to that which is characteristically human, or to that which distinguishes human beings from other animals or from other animal species primal nature. ... Fu Hsi (伏羲; pinyin fú xī; Pao-hsi), was the mythical First Emperor of China. ... Gong Gong (Chinese: 共工) is a Chinese water god who is responsible for the great floods, together with his associate, Xiang Yao (Chinese: 相繇), who has nine heads and the body of a snake. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Taijitu. ... Families Tungidae â€“ sticktight and chigoe fleas (chiggers) Pulicidae â€“ common fleas Coptopsyllidae Vermipsyllidae â€“ carnivore fleas Rhopalopsyllidae â€“ marsupial fleas Hypsophthalmidae Stephanocircidae Pygiopsyllidae Hystrichopsyllidae â€“ rat and mouse fleas Leptopsyllidae â€“ mouse and rat fleas Ischnopsyllidae â€“ bat fleas Ceratophyllidae:-fleas mainly associated with rodents Amphipsyllidae Malacopsyllidae Dolichopsyllidae â€“ rodent fleas Ctenopsyllidae Flea is the common name... The Jade Emperor (玉皇 Pinyin: Yù Huáng or 玉帝 Yù Dì), known informally by children and commoners as Grandpa Heaven (天公 Tiān Gōng) and known formally as the Pure August Jade Emperor or August Personage of Jade (玉皇上帝 Yu... The Jade Emperor (Chinese: ; pinyin: or 玉帝 Yù Dì), known informally by children and others as Heavenly Grandfather (天公 Tiān Gōng) and known formally as the Pure August Jade Emperor or August Personage of Jade (玉皇上帝 Yu Huang Shangdi or 玉皇大帝 Yu Huang Dadi), is the ruler of Heaven according to Chinese... The Pure Ones Yuan-shi tian-zun, also known as the Celestial Venerable of the Primordial Beginning, is one of the highest deities of religious Taoism. ...

Three August Ones and Five Emperors

Following on from the age of Nuwa and Fuxi (or cotemporaneous in some versions) was the age of the Three August Ones and Five Emperors (三皇五帝), a collection of legendary rulers who ruled between c. 2850 BC to 2205 BC, which is the time preceding the Xia dynasty. The Three August Ones and Five Emperors (Chinese: 三皇五帝; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: san-huang wu-ti) were mythological rulers of China during the period from c. ... (30th century BC - 29th century BC - 28th century BC - other centuries) (4th millennium BC - 3rd millennium BC - 2nd millennium BC) Events 2850 BC—: The beginning of the period of the Three August Ones and Five Emperors in China. ... (Redirected from 2205 BC) (24th century BC - 23rd century BC - 22nd century BC - other centuries) (4th millennium BC - 3rd millennium BC - 2nd millennium BC) Events 2334 - 2279 BC (short chronology) Sargon of Akkads conquest of Mesopotamia 2217 - 2193 BC - Nomadic invasions of Akkad 2205 BC - Foundation of the Xia... The Xia Dynasty (Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: hsia-chao), ca. ...


The list of names comprising the Three August Ones and Five Emperors vary widely between sources (see Three August Ones and Five Emperors for other versions of the list). The version in the widest circulation (and most popularly known) is: The Three August Ones and Five Emperors (Chinese: 三皇五帝; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: san-huang wu-ti) were mythological rulers of China during the period from c. ...

  • The Three August Ones:
    • Fuxi (伏羲) - The companion of Nuwa.
    • Shennong (神農) - Shennong, literally meaning "Divine Farmer", reputedly taught the ancients agriculture and medicine.
    • Huang Di (黄帝) - Huang Di, literally meaning, and commonly known as, the "Yellow Emperor", is often regarded as the first sovereign of the Chinese nation.

(Source: Shangshu (尚書)) Fu Hsi (伏羲; pinyin fú xī; Pao-hsi), was the mythical First Emperor of China. ... Shennong (Traditional Chinese: 神農; Simplified Chinese: 神农; pinyin: Shénnóng), sometimes known as the Yan Emperor (炎帝), is a legendary Emperor of China and culture hero of Chinese mythology who is believed to have lived some 5,000 years ago and who taught ancient China the practices of agriculture. ... Yellow Emperor The Yellow Emperor (黄帝 Hu ng D ) is a Chinese mythical character, a culture hero said in legend to be the ancestor of all Chinese people. ... ...

  • The Five Emperors:
    • Shaohao (少昊) - Leader of the Dongyi or "Eastern Barbarians"; his pyramidal tomb is in present-day Shandong province.
    • Zhuanxu (顓頊) - Grandson of the Yellow Emperor
    • Emperor Ku (帝嚳) - Great grandson of the Yellow Emperor; nephew of Zhuanxu.
    • Yao (堯) - The son of Ku. His elder brother succeeded Ku, but abdicated when he was found to be an ineffective ruler.
    • Shun (舜) - Yao passed his position to Shun in favour of Yao's own son because of Shun's ability and morality.

These rulers were generally regarded as extremely moral and benevolent rulers, examples to be emulated by latter day kings and emperors. When Qin Shi Huang united China in 221 BC, he felt that his achievements had surpassed those of all the rulers who have gone before him. Hence, he combined the ancient tiles of Huang (皇) and Di (帝) to create a new title, Huangdi (皇帝), usually translated as Emperor. Shaohao (少昊) is credited by some as being one of the Five Emperors of ancient Chinese mythology. ... Dongyi (東夷) was a collective term for people in the east of China. ...   (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Shan-tung) is a coastal province of eastern Peoples Republic of China. ... Zhuanxu (颛顼, pinyin: Zhuānxū), also known as Gaoyang (高陽) is a legendary monarch of ancient China. ... Ku, KU, KÅ« or ku may refer to: Kettering University (Flint, MI, USA) Korea University (South Korea) The University of Kansas (USA) The University of Karachi (Pakistan) Kasetsart University (Thai) University of Copenhagen (Københavns Universitet) (Denmark) Kansai University (Japan) Kuwait University (Kuwait) A ward (区) in a Japanese city The... Yao can refer to: The name of the demiurge in Gnostic scripture. ... Shun (Traditional Chinese: ) was a legendary leader of ancient China, among the Three August Ones and the Five Emperors. ... The emperor known now as Qin Shi Huang (Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Chin Shih-huang) (November / December 260 BC – September 10, 210 BC), personal name Yíng Zhèng, was king of the Chinese State of Qin from 247 BC to 221 BC (officially still under the Zhou Dynasty... Centuries: 4th century BC - 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC Decades: 270s BC 260s BC 250s BC 240s BC 230s BC - 220s BC - 210s BC 200s BC 190s BC 180s BC 170s BC Years: 226 BC 225 BC 224 BC 223 BC 222 BC - 221 BC - 220 BC 219 BC...


Great Flood

Main article: Yu the Great

Shun passed his place as leader of the Huaxia tribe to Yu the Great (禹). According to legend, the Yellow River was prone to flooding, and erupted in a huge flood in the time of Yao. Yu's father, Gun, was put in charge of flood control by Yao, but failed to alleviate the problem after 9 years. He was executed by Shun, and Yu took his father's place, and led the people in building canals and levees. After thirteen years of toil, flooding problems were solved under Yu's command. Shun enfeoffed Yu in the place of Xia, in present-day Wan County in Henan. On his death, Shun passed the leadership to Yu. The main source for the story of Yu and the Great Flood comes from The Counsels of Yu the Great in the Classic of History (尚書·大禹謨). King Yu of Xia of China, in chinese: 禹, (2070 BC-2061 BC),born Si Wen Ming, in chinese: 姒文命 , often called Da Yu (大禹,who mean Yu the Great). Yu was the legendary first Chinese monarch of the Xia Dynasty, considered as the founder of the dynasty. ... Shun (Traditional Chinese: ) was a legendary leader of ancient China, among the Three August Ones and the Five Emperors. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... King Yu of Xia of China, in chinese: 禹, (2070 BC-2061 BC),born Si Wen Ming, in chinese: 姒文命 , often called Da Yu (大禹,who mean Yu the Great). Yu was the legendary first Chinese monarch of the Xia Dynasty, considered as the founder of the dynasty. ... Yao can refer to: The name of the demiurge in Gnostic scripture. ... Yao can refer to: The name of the demiurge in Gnostic scripture. ... Shun (Traditional Chinese: ) was a legendary leader of ancient China, among the Three August Ones and the Five Emperors. ... The Xia Dynasty (Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: hsia-chao), ca. ... Henan (Chinese: 河南; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Ho-nan), is a province of the Peoples Republic of China, located in the central part of the country. ... The Classic of History (書經/书经 Shū Jīng) is a collection of documents and speeches alleged to have been written by rulers and officials of the early Zhou period and before. ...


Because of his achievement in resolving the Great Flood, Yu, alone among the mythological rulers, is usually called "Yu the Great" (大禹). Alternatively, he is called Emperor Yu (帝禹), like his predecessors.


Xia Dynasty

Main article: Xia Dynasty

Upon Yu's death, his position as leader was passed not to his deputy, but was inherited by his son Qi. Various sources differ as to the process by which Qi rose to this position. Most versions agree that during his lifetime, Yu had designated his deputy, Gaotao (皋陶), to be his successor. When Gaotao died before him, Yu then selected Gaotao's son, Boyi (伯益) as successor. One version then says that all the peoples who had submitted to Yu admired Qi more than Boyi, and Yu passed power to Qi instead. Another version holds that Boyi ceremoniously offered the position to Qi, who accepted, against convention, because he had the support of other leaders. A third version says that Qi killed Boyi and usurped his position as leader. The Xia Dynasty (Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: hsia-chao), ca. ... Qi (Chinese: ) was the son of Yu the Great and the second sovereign of the legendary Xia Dynasty. ...


In any case, Qi's succession broke the previous convention of meritorious succession, and began what is traditionally regarded as the first dynasty in Chinese history. The dynasty is called "Xia" after Yu's centre of power. // For other uses, see Dynasty (disambiguation). ... The Xia Dynasty (Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: hsia-chao), ca. ...


The Xia Dynasty is considered at least semi-mythological. The Records of the Grand Historian and the Bamboo Annals record the names of 17 kings of the Xia Dynasty. However, there is no conclusive archaeological evidence of its capital or its existence as a state of any significant size. Archaeological evidence do not point towards a significant urban civilisation until the Shang Dynasty. The Records of the Grand Historian or the Records of the Grand Historian of China (Chinese: 史記; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Shih-chi; literally Historical Records), written from 109 BCE to 91 BCE, was the magnum opus of Sima Qian, in which he recounted Chinese history from the time of the mythical... The Bamboo Annals (Zhushu jinian) is a chronicle of ancient China. ... The Xia Dynasty (Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: hsia-chao), ca. ... Remnants of advanced, stratified societies dating back to the Shang period have been found in the Yellow River Valley. ...


Shang Dynasty

Main article: Shang Dynasty

Jie, the last king of the Xia Dynasty, is said to be a bloodthirsty despot. Tang of Shang, a tribal leader, revolted against Xia rule and eventually overthrew Jie and established the Shang Dynasty, based in Anyang. The Shang Dynasty ruled from ca. 1766 BC to ca. 1050 BC. It came to an end when the last despotic ruler, Zhou of Shang, was overthrown by the new Zhou Dynasty. The end of the Shang Dynasty and the establishment of the Zhou is the subject of the influential mythological fiction, Investitute of the Gods (封神演義). Remnants of advanced, stratified societies dating back to the Shang period have been found in the Yellow River Valley. ... King Jie with halberd as symbol of oppression and sitting on two ladies as symbol for abuse of power. ... The Xia Dynasty (Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: hsia-chao), ca. ... King Tang of Shang of China, in chinese:湯, born Zi Lu, in chinese:子履,(1617 BC - 1588 BC). ... Remnants of advanced, stratified societies dating back to the Shang period have been found in the Yellow River Valley. ... Anyang (Simplified Chinese: 安阳, Traditional Chinese: 安陽; pinyin: Ä€nyáng) is a prefecture-level city in Henan province, Peoples Republic of China. ... Remnants of advanced, stratified societies dating back to the Shang period have been found in the Yellow River Valley. ... King Di Xin of Shang of China, in chinese:帝辛, born Zi Shou, in chinese:子受. Was the last king of the Shang Dynasty. ... Boundaries of the Western Zhou Dynasty (1050 - 771 BC) in China The Zhou Dynasty (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Chou Ch`ao; 1122 BC to 256 BC (ref) followed the Shang (Yin) Dynasty and preceded the Qin Dynasty in China. ... Remnants of advanced, stratified societies dating back to the Shang period have been found in the Yellow River Valley. ... Boundaries of the Western Zhou Dynasty (1050 - 771 BC) in China The Zhou Dynasty (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Chou Ch`ao; 1122 BC to 256 BC (ref) followed the Shang (Yin) Dynasty and preceded the Qin Dynasty in China. ... Fengshen Yanyi (Traditional Chinese: 封神演義; Simplified Chinese: 封神演义) (translated as The Investiture of the Gods or The Creation of the Gods), also known as Fengshen Bang (Traditional Chinese: 封神榜; Simplified Chinese: 封神榜), is one of the major works of classical Chinese literature created in Ming dynasty. ...


Unlike the preceding Xia Dynasty, there is clear archaeological evidence of a government centre at Yinxu in Anyang, and of an urban civilisation in the Shang Dynasty. However, the chronology of the first three dynasties remains an area of active research and controversy. The Xia Dynasty (Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: hsia-chao), ca. ... Yinxu, the ruins of Yin, the capital (1350 - 1046 BC) of the Shang (Yin) Dynasty. ... Anyang (Simplified Chinese: 安阳, Traditional Chinese: 安陽; pinyin: Ānyáng) is a prefecture-level city in Henan province, Peoples Republic of China. ... Remnants of advanced, stratified societies dating back to the Shang period have been found in the Yellow River Valley. ... A multi-year, multi-discipline project commissioned by the Peoples Republic of China in 1996 to determine with accuracy the location and time frame of the Xia Dynasty, the Shang Dynasty and the Zhou Dynasty. ...


Deities

The Jade Emperor is believed to be the most important god. The origins of the Jade Emperor and how he came to be regarded as a deity are unknown. Also known as Yu Huang Shang-ti, his name means “the August Personage of Jade.” He is considered to be the first god and to be in charge of all the gods and goddesses. Many myths of well-known gods and goddesses who were in charge of different aspects of culture exist, although they all answer to the Jade Emperor. The Jade Emperor (Chinese: ; pinyin: or 玉帝 Yù Dì), known informally by children and others as Heavenly Grandfather (天公 Tiān Gōng) and known formally as the Pure August Jade Emperor or August Personage of Jade (玉皇上帝 Yu Huang Shangdi or 玉皇大帝 Yu Huang Dadi), is the ruler of Heaven according to Chinese...


The Chinese dragon is one of the most important mythical creatures in Chinese mythology. The Chinese dragon is considered to be the most powerful and divine creature and is believed to be the controller of all waters. The dragon symbolised great power and was very supportive of heroes and gods. One of the most famous dragons in Chinese mythology is Ying Long, or "Responding Dragon". He is said to be the god of rain. Many people in different places pray to him in order to receive rain. In Chinese mythology, dragons are believed to be able to create clouds with their breath. Chinese people often use the term "Descendants of the Dragon" as a sign of ethnic identity. Chinese dragon (spelled Long, Loong or Lung in transliteration), is a mythical Chinese creature that also appears in other East Asian cultures, and is also sometimes called the Oriental (or Eastern) dragon. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Chinese dragon (spelled Long, Loong or Lung in transliteration), is a mythical Chinese creature that also appears in other East Asian cultures, and is also sometimes called the Oriental (or Eastern) dragon. ...


For the most part, Chinese myths involve moral issues which inform people of their culture and values. There are many stories that can be studied or excavated in China.

Dragon-gods, from Myths and Legends of China, 1922 by E. T. C. Werner

Dragon gods - Project Gutenberg eText 15250 From http://www. ... Dragon gods - Project Gutenberg eText 15250 From http://www. ... Year 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar). ...

Religion and mythology

There has been extensive interaction between Chinese mythology and the major belief systems of Confucianism, Taoism, and Buddhism. (see Religion in China) Wenmiao Temple, a Confucian Temple in Wuwei, Gansu, China Confucian temple in Kaohsiung, Republic of China (Taiwan). ... Taoism (Daoism) is the English name referring to a variety of related Chinese philosophical and religious traditions and concepts. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... Chinese monk lighting incense in a temple in Beijing. ...


On the one hand, elements of pre-existing mythology were adapted into these belief systems as they developed (in the case of Taoism), or were assimilated into Chinese culture (in the case of Buddhism). On the other hand, elements from the teachings and beliefs of these systems became incorporated into Chinese mythology. For example, the Taoist belief of a spiritual paradise became incorporated into mythology, as the place where immortals and deities dwell. Meanwhile, the myths of the benevolent rulers of the past, in the form of the Three August Ones and Five Emperors became a part of the Confucian political philosophy of Primitivism. Taoism (Daoism) is the English name referring to a variety of related Chinese philosophical and religious traditions and concepts. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The Three August Ones and Five Emperors (Chinese: 三皇五帝; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: san-huang wu-ti) were mythological rulers of China during the period from c. ... Confucianism (儒家 Pinyin: rújiā The School of the Scholars), sometimes translated as the School of Literati, is an East Asian ethical, religious and philosophical system originally developed from the teachings of Confucius. ... Primitivism is an artistic movement which originated as a reaction to the Enlightenment. ...


Important mythologies and deities

  • Three Pure Ones (三清) the Daoist trinity
    • 元始天尊
    • 靈寶天尊
    • 道德天尊
  • Four Emperors (四御) heavenly kings of Daoist religion
    • Jade Emperor (玉皇大帝, supreme ruler of all)
    • Beiji Dadi (中天紫微北极大帝, ruler of stars)
    • Tianhuang Dadi (勾陳上宫天皇大帝 ruler of gods)
    • Empress of Earth (后土皇地祇)
  • Xi Wangmu (西王母, 王母娘娘): Mother queen of the west,empress who holds the secret to everlasting life
  • God of North (北帝, 真武大帝) (Bei Di, Pak Tai)
  • Xuan Nü (玄女) goddess who assisted Huang Di (黃帝) to subdue Chi You (蚩尤).
  • Eight Immortals (八仙)Daoist
    • He XianGu (何仙姑)
    • Cao GuoJiu (曹國舅)
    • Tie GuaiLi (鐵拐李)
    • Lan CaiHe (藍采和)
    • Lu DongBin (呂洞賓)
    • Han XiangZi (韓湘子)
    • Zhang GuoLao (張果老)
    • Han ZhongLi (漢鍾離)
  • Deities of Buddhist origin
    • Guan Yin (觀音) (觀音菩薩, also Kuan Yin) Goddess of compassion and mercy (was a Taoist first in some mythologies. Taoist title: Ci Hang Zhen Ren 慈航真人)
    • Laughing Buddha (彌勒菩薩), Popular Buddhist deity; god of happiness and wealth
    • Dizang (地藏菩薩), rescuer of the dead.
    • Yanluo (閻羅 yan2luo2) ruler of Hell (short from 閻魔羅社 Sanskrit Yama Raja).
    • Four Heavenly Kings (四大天王) Four buddhist guardian gods
  • Erlang Shen (二郎神)
  • Lei Gong (雷公) god of thunder
  • Nezha (哪吒)
  • Guan Yu (關聖帝君), God of Brotherhoods. God of martial power. Also revered as God of War in that time.
  • Zhao Gongming (趙公明), God of Wealth; Rides on a Tiger.
  • Bi Gan (比干), also God of Wealth.
  • Kui Xing (魁星) God of examinations
  • Sun Wukong (孫悟空) The Monkey King from the story Journey to the West
  • Daoji (道濟)
  • Matsu (媽祖), Goddess of the Sea,also known as queen of heaven (天后)
  • Zao Jun (灶君)popular god(s) of the Kitchen.
  • Tu Di Gong (土地公), the land god(s)
  • Shing Wong (城隍) is gods responsible for the affairs in a city
  • Zhong Kui (鍾馗) or Jung Kwae mythical person reputed for subjugating demons.
  • Lung Mo (龍母)
  • Hung Shing (洪聖)
  • Tam Kung, sea god
  • Wong Tai Sin(黃大仙)
  • Meng Po (孟婆)
  • Three August Ones and Five Emperors (三皇五帝), a collection of legendary rulers
  • Zhu Rong (祝融): God of fire. Defeated Gong Gong.
  • Gong Gong (共工): God of water, during the fight with God of Fire, he crushed Mount Buzhou, broke the sky, which was then patched by Nuwa.
  • Chi You (蚩尤 chi1 you2): War god. Inventor of metal weapons. Nemesis of Huang Di.
  • Da Yu (大禹): Da Yu regulates the courses of rivers (to control floods)
  • Kua Fu -- Kua Fu chases the sun. (夸父追日)
  • Cangjie (倉頡): Cangjie creates the characters.
  • Hou Yi (后羿 hou4 yi4): A great archer hero who shot down suns. (See note in solar deity)
  • Chang E (嫦娥) Hou Yi's wife. Goddess of the Moon.
  • The Cowherd and Weaver Girl (牛郎織女).
  • Han Ba (旱魃), Ancient goddess of drought.
  • Wenchang Wang (文昌王)
  • Gao Yao: God of justice and judgement.
Spirit of the well, from Myths and Legends of China, 1922 by E. T. C. Werner

The Three Pure Ones The Three Pure Ones (Chinese: 三清; pinyin: Sān QÄ«ng; Wade-Giles: San-ching) are three Taoist deities. ... The Jade Emperor (Chinese: ; pinyin: or 玉帝 Yù Dì), known informally by children and others as Heavenly Grandfather (天公 Tiān Gōng) and known formally as the Pure August Jade Emperor or August Personage of Jade (玉皇上帝 Yu Huang Shangdi or 玉皇大帝 Yu Huang Dadi), is the ruler of Heaven according to Chinese... Xi Wangmu (西王母), in Chinese mythology, literally Queen Mother of the West, is the ruler of the western paradise and goddess of immortality. ... Pak Tai (北帝; pinyin Bei Di) is a Taoist god of the North. ... Xuan Nu assisted Huang Di to subdue Chi You. ... The Eight Immortals crossing the sea, from Myths and Legends of China, 1922 by E. T. C. Werner. ... For the Chen Dynasty empress whose Buddhist nun name was Guanyin, see Empress Shen Wuhua. ... Statue of Hotei in the familiar likeness of the Chinese tradition. ... Bodhisattva (地藏菩薩), often known by the Japanese name Jizō (地蔵) or the Chinese name Dizang (地藏 Dìzàng), is a popular Mahayana Buddhist Bodhisattva, usually depicted as a monk. ... Tibetan Dharmapala at the Field Museum in Chicago, Illinois Yama is the name of the Buddhist god and judge of the dead, who presides over the Buddhist Narakas (Pāli: Nirayas), Hells or Purgatories. Although ultimately based on the god Yama of the Hindu Vedas, the Buddhist Yama has developed... The Sanskrit language ( , for short ) is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Jainism, and one of the 23 official languages of India. ... It has been suggested that Four Guardian Gods be merged into this article or section. ... Erlang Shen (二郎神), named Yang Jian (杨戬), is a Chinese God with a third true-seeing eye in the middle of his forehead. ... In Chinese mythology, Lei Gong is the god of Thunder. ... Nezha (哪吒) is a deity, the enfant terrible Trickster of Chinese mythology. ... This is a Chinese name; the family name is Guan (é—œ) Guan Yu (關羽) (160–219) was a Chinese military general under the warlord Liu Bei during the late Eastern Han Dynasty and Three Kingdoms period in ancient China. ... Bi Gan or as he can be known as Cai Shen is the god of wealth or fortune. ... Kui Xing (Wade-Giles: Kuei Hsing) is a character in Chinese mythology, the god of examinations, and an associate or servant of the god of literature, Wen Chang. ... This article or section needs copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone and/or spelling. ... The four heroes of the story, left to right: SÅ«n Wùkōng, Xuánzàng, ZhÅ« Bājiè, and Shā Wùjìng. ... A statue of Daoji Daoji (道濟禪師 1130-1207), commonly known as Ji Gong (æ¿Ÿå…¬ or 濟公活佛, Master Ji, Living Buddha Ji Gong), was a Buddhist monk during the Southern Song Dynasty in China. ... Clothed statues of Matsu Matsu (Chinese: 媽祖;; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Ma-tsu; literally Mother-Ancestor; POJ: Má-chó·), mortal name Lin Moniang (林默娘), is the Taoist goddess of the Sea who protects fishermen and sailors. ... Zao Jun - God of the Kitchen Zao Jun - The Kitchen God, from Myths and Legends of China, 1922 by E. T. C. Werner In Chinese mythology Zao Jun (灶君 Pinyin: Zào JÅ«n), or Stove Master, is the kitchen god, the most important of a plethora of Chinese domestic gods... Tu Di Gong Tu Di Gong (土地公) is a popular Chinese deity worshipped by Chinese folk religion worshippers, Taoists, and some Buddhists. ... Shing Wong (城隍) is a deity in Chinese mythology, responsible for the affairs of the city. ... An image of Zhong Kui painted sometime before 1304 A.D. by Gong Kai. ... In Chinese mythology, Long Mu, or Dragons Mother (龍母; modified Wade-Giles: Lung Mo) is a Chinese woman deified after raising dragons which had strong bond with her, a strong filial piety and parental love commanded by many. ... Hung Shing (洪聖, original name 洪熙) was said to be a government official in the Chinese Tang Dynasty, serving the now GuangDong area. ... Tam Kung (è­šå…¬, literally Lord Tam) is a sea deity worshiped in Hong Kong and Macau. ... Wong Tai Sin (黃大仙; Pinyin: Huáng Dàxian) is a Chinese deity popular in Hong Kong with the power of healing. ... Meng Po 孟婆 is the Lady of Forgetfulness in Chinese mythology. ... The Three August Ones and Five Emperors (Chinese: 三皇五帝; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: san-huang wu-ti) were mythological rulers of China during the period from c. ... Zhu Rong (祝融) was the wife of Meng Huo, king of the Nanman tribes. ... Gong Gong (Chinese: 共工) is a Chinese water god who is responsible for the great floods, together with his associate, Xiang Yao (Chinese: 相繇), who has nine heads and the body of a snake. ... In Chinese and Korean mythology, Chi You is a war deity. ... In the television series Stargate SG-1, Yu is portrayed as a Goauld System Lord. ... In the television series Stargate SG-1, Yu is portrayed as a Goauld System Lord. ... This bridge across the Danube River links Hungary with Slovakia. ... Picture of flooding in Amphoe Sena, Ayutthaya Province, Thailand. ... Kua Fu (Chinese: 夸父) is a giant in Chinese mythology. ... Portrait of Cangjie showing his four eyes and eight pupils Cang Jie(Traditional Chinese: 倉頡; Simplified Chinese: 仓颉, Pinyin: cāng jié), is a legendary figure in ancient China, claimed to be an official historian of the Yellow Emperor and the inventor of the Chinese characters. ... Portrait of Cangjie showing his four eyes and eight pupils Cang Jie(Traditional Chinese: 倉頡; Simplified Chinese: 仓颉, Pinyin: cāng jié), is a legendary figure in ancient China, claimed to be an official historian of the Yellow Emperor and the inventor of the Chinese characters. ... Houyi (后羿) was a mythological Chinese archer. ... It has been suggested that Sun cults be merged into this article or section. ... An image of the Moon Goddess, (Hokkien : Guek Niao), enshrined and worshipped at Thee Kong Thuah (Jade Emperor Temple), Penang, Malaysia. ... Qi Xi (七夕; Pinyin: qÄ« xÄ«; The Night of Sevens), sometimes called Chinese Valentines Day or Magpie Festival, falls on the seventh day of the seventh lunar month on the Chinese calendar; thus its name. ... Gao Yao (born 13 July 1970) is a Chinese football player. ... Spirit of the well - Project Gutenberg eText 15250 From http://www. ... Spirit of the well - Project Gutenberg eText 15250 From http://www. ...

Mythical creatures

  • Ba She (巴蛇 ba1she2) a snake reputed to swallow elephants
  • Birds:
    • Fenghuang (Chinese Phoenix)
    • Ji Guang (吉光 ji2guang1)
    • Jian (鶼 jian1) A mythical bird supposed to have only one eye and one wing: 鶼鶼 a pair of such birds dependent on each other, inseparable, hence, represent husband and wife.
    • Jingwei (精衛) a mythical bird which tries to fill up the ocean with twigs and pebbles.
    • Shang-Yang (a rainbird)
    • Nine-headed Bird Used to scare children.
    • Su Shuang (鷫鵊 su4shuang3) a mythical bird, also variously described as a water bird, like the crane.
    • Peng (鵬, a mythical bird of giant size and terrific flying power) Also known as Chinese roc.
    • Qing Niao (青鳥 qing1niao3) a mythical bird, the messenger of Xi Wangmu.
    • Zhu (a bad omen)
  • Chinese dragon
  • Qilin, chimeric animal with several variations. The first giraffe sent as a gift to a Chinese emperor was believed to be the Qilin. An early Chinese painting depicts this giraffe replete with the fish scales of the Qilin.
  • Long Ma (龍馬) Similar to the Qilin- the dragon-horse.
  • Kui (夔 kui2) a mythical one legged monster.
  • Kun, also known as Peng (鯤 kun1) a mythical giant monstrous fish.
  • Jiang Shi
  • Luduan can detect truth.
  • Yaoguai — demons.
  • Huli jing — fox spirits.
  • Nian, the beast
  • Ox heads & horse faces 牛頭馬面 messenger boy in Hell.
  • Pixiu (貔貅)
  • Rui Shi (瑞獅)
  • Tao Tie (饕餮 tao1tie4) a mythical gargoyle like figure, often found on ancient bronze vessels, representing greed. It is said to be the fifth son of dragon and has such an appetite that it even eats its head.
  • Xiao (魈 xiao1) A mythical mountain spirit or demon.
  • Xiezhi (獬豸) an unicorn beast
  • The Xing Tian (刑天 "punished one" or "he who was punished by heaven") is a headless giant. He was decapitated by the Yellow Emperor as punishment for challenging him. Because he has no head, his face is in his torso. He wanders around fields and roads and is often depicted carrying a shield and an axe and doing a fierce war dance.

Fenghuang sculpture, Nanning city, Guangxi, China. ... The phoenix from the Aberdeen Bestiary. ... Jingwei (精卫) is the name of a character in Chinese mythology. ... Telecomsoft was the computer software division of British telecommunications company British Telecom. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Peng (Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is the Romanization of the Chinese character for a mythological bird. ... Xi Wangmu (西王母), in Chinese mythology, literally Queen Mother of the West, is the ruler of the western paradise and goddess of immortality. ... Chopsticks is also the name of a simple piece of music for piano. ... Chinese dragon (spelled Long, Loong or Lung in transliteration), is a mythical Chinese creature that also appears in other East Asian cultures, and is also sometimes called the Oriental (or Eastern) dragon. ... YingLong The Winged Dragon 應龍/应龙 Yinglong (應龍; 应龙) was a dragon believed to be a powerful servant of Huang Di (黃帝), the yellow emperor, who was later immortalized as a dragon. ... Yellow Emperor The Yellow Emperor (黄帝 Hu ng D ) is a Chinese mythical character, a culture hero said in legend to be the ancestor of all Chinese people. ... The four Dragon Kings (龍王; pinyin: L ng W ng) are, in Chinese mythology, the divine rulers of the four seas (each sea corresponds to one of the cardinal directions). ... In Chinese mythology the Futs-Lung (伏藏龍 Pinyin: Fúcánglóng), or Futs-Long, are the Chinese underworld dragons which guard buried treasures, both natural and man-made. ... Shenlong (神龍) is a spiritual dragon from Chinese mythology that controls wind and rain. ... In Chinese mythology, Tianlong or Tien-long (天龍, literally heaven dragon) are the celestial dragons who pull the chariots of the gods and guard their palaces. ... In Chinese mythology, Qiulong is the horned dragon, one of the nine Chinese dragons. ... A qilin of the Qing dynasty – note the antlers, closer in style to the Japanese version (Kirin) A painting by the court artist depicting one of Zheng Hes giraffes in 1414. ... Binomial name Linnaeus, 1758 Range map The giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis) is an African even-toed ungulate mammal, the tallest of all land-living animal species. ... In Māori mythology, Kui was the wife of Tuputupuwhenua. ... Peng may refer to: Peng (surname) (Chinese: å½­; pinyin: péng), a common Chinese surname. ... Peng may refer to: Peng (surname) (Chinese: å½­; pinyin: péng), a common Chinese surname. ... In popular Chinese mythology, hopping corpses (僵屍 Pinyin: Jiangshi, literally stiff corpses) are corpses whose touch can kill a living person instantly. ... Dragon Throne, charcoal brazier and luduan incense burners. ... A common dictionary definition of truth is agreement with fact or reality.[1] There is no single definition of truth about which the majority of philosophers agree. ... Yaoguai (妖怪 pinyin yao1 guai0) or yaomo (妖魔 yao1 mo2) or yaojing (妖精 yao1 jing0) is a Chinese term that generally means demon. Yaoguai are mostly malevolent animal spirits that have acquired magical powers through the practice of Taoism. ... nine-tailed fox, from the Qing edition of the Shan Hai Jing Huli jing (狐狸精 hÇ”lijÄ«ng) in Chinese mythology are fox spirits that are akin to European faeries or to the Japanese yōkai known as kitsune. ... Southern Chinese lion dance portraits the Nian In Chinese mythology, Nian (年獸) is a beast that comes in spring. ... Ox-Head (牛頭) and Horse-Face (馬面) are two fearsome guardians of Underworld in Chinese mythology, where the dead face judgement (and punishment) prior to reincarnation. ... Pixiu Pixiu (貔貅 pinyin pí xiÅ«) is a Chinese mythical creature. ... Categories: Fictional dogs | Stub ... Tao Tie is an ancient name of a mythical creature famed for its greed and re-patchiness the name was later used to describe some of the barbaric Chinese tribes living in China that were thought to be actually savage. ... Xiao can mean: Xiao — Chinese end-blown flute. ... Yellow Emperor The Yellow Emperor or Huang Di (Traditional Chinese: , Simplified Chinese: , pinyin: huángdì) is a legendary Chinese sovereign and cultural hero who is said to be the ancestor of all Han Chinese. ...

Mythical places

  • Xuanpu (玄圃 xuan2pu3), a mythical fairyland on Kunlun Mountain (崑崙).
  • Yaochi (瑤池 yao2chi2), abode of immortals where Xi Wang Mu lives.
  • Fusang (扶桑 fu2sang1), a mythical island, often interpreted as Japan.
  • Queqiao (鵲橋 que4qiao2) the bridge formed by birds across the Milky Way.
  • Penglai (蓬萊 peng2lai2) the paradise, a fabled Fairy Isle on the China Sea.
  • Longmen (龍門 long2men2) the dragon gate where a carp can transform into a dragon.
  • Di Yu (地獄 di4yu4) the Chinese hell

Region containing Kunlun Mountains The Kunlun mountain range (崑崙山) is one of the longest mountain chains in Asia, extending more than 3000 km. ... Fusang (扶桑) was described by a Buddhist missionary, Hoei-Shin (慧深) in 499 AD, as a place 20,000 Chinese miles to the east of China. ... Penglai City (蓬莱市 Pinyin Pénglái), a subsection of Yantai City, Shandong Province, China. ... Longmen can refer to: Longmen Grottoes: a collection of Buddhist cave art in Luoyang, China. ... Diyu (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Ti-yü; Japanese: 地獄, jigoku, literally earth prison) is the realm of the dead or hell in Chinese mythology. ...

Literary sources of Chinese mythology

Liaozhai Zhiyi (聊斋志异, Strange Tales from a Chinese Studio) is a conflation of 431 supernatural tales written by Pu Songling (1640 - 1715) during the early Qing Dynasty (1644 - 1911). ... Pu Songling (Chinese: 蒲松齡; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Pu Sung-ling) (5 June 1640 - 25 February 1715) was an ethnic Mongol Chinese writer. ... The Records of the Grand Historian or the Records of the Grand Historian of China was the magnum opus of Sima Qian, in which he recounted Chinese history from the time of the mythical Yellow Emperor until his own time. ... Classic of Rites The Classic of Rites (Chinese: 禮記/礼记; Pinyin: Lǐjì) was one of the Five Classics of Confucian canon. ... ...

See also

This article contains Chinese text.
Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Chinese characters.

Image File history File links Zhongwen. ... 漢字 / 汉字 Chinese character in Hanzi, Kanji, Hanja, Hán Tá»±. Red in Simplified Chinese. ... In Chinese mythology, Pangu was given birth from chaos and created Earth and Sky. ... Chinese astrology is the divination of the future from the Chinese calendar, which is based on astronomy, and ancient Chinese religion. ... Chinese dragon (spelled Long, Loong or Lung in transliteration), is a mythical Chinese creature that also appears in other East Asian cultures, and is also sometimes called the Oriental (or Eastern) dragon. ... Chinese monk lighting incense in a temple in Beijing. ... Clothed statues of Matsu / Mazu (Chinese goddess of the Sea) Chinese folk religion comprises the religion practiced in much of China for thousands of years which included ancestor veneration and drew heavily upon concepts and beings within Chinese mythology. ... This list of deities aims to give information about deities in the different religions, cultures and mythologies of the world. ... Alternative meaning: I Ching (monk) The I Ching (Traditional Chinese: 易經, pinyin y jīng; Cantonese IPA: jɪk6gɪŋ1; Cantonese Jyutping: jik6ging1; alternative romanizations include I Jing, Yi Ching, Yi King) is the oldest of the Chinese classic texts. ... A bagua mirror. ... Buddhist mythology is a mythology within the Buddhism belief system. ...

References

  • Werner, E. T. C. (1922). Myths & Legends of China. New York: George G. Harrap & Co. Ltd.. Retrieved on 2007-03-14. 

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... March 14 is the 73rd day of the year (74th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • Chinese mythology at Godchecker
  • 汉族中原古帝神话传说
  • 汉族神话
  • 不荒唐(in Chinese) mythology as history
  • (in English and Chinese)天圆地方 Round Heaven - Square Earth
  • Many Chinese myths online
Topics in Chinese mythology
v  d  e
General topics: Creation myth · Astrology · Dragons · Religion in China · Folk religion ·List of deities · I Ching
Important beings: Deities · Three Sovereigns and Five Emperors · Eight Immortals
Mythical creatures: List of mythical creatures
Mythical places: Xuanpu · Yaochi · Fusang · Queqiao · Penglai · Longmen · Diyu
Literary sources: Shan Hai Jing · Shui Jing Zhu · Ten Brothers · Hei'an Zhuan · Fengshen Yanyi
Journey to the West · Baishe Zhuan · Strange Stories from a Chinese Studio

  Results from FactBites:
 
Chinese mythology - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2344 words)
Chinese Mythology is a collection of cultural history, folktales, and religions that have been passed down in oral or written form.
There are several aspects to Chinese mythology, including creation myths and legends and myths concerning the founding of Chinese culture and the Chinese state.
The Chinese dragon is one of the most important mythical creatures in Chinese mythology.
Chinese Mythology - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta (3327 words)
Chinese Mythology, traditional beliefs of the Chinese people on their origins and on the nature of the universe.
The development of a religious strain of Daoism in the Han, and the introduction of Buddhism from India during the late Han onward, gave a new impetus to Chinese mythology.
Miraculous or virgin birth appears in Chinese myth as a way of denoting the special nature of the male infant who is born.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m