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Encyclopedia > Chinese mathematics

Knowledge of Chinese mathematics before 100 BC is somewhat fragmentary, and even after this date the manuscript traditions are obscure. Chinese mathematics in early times was strongly focused on astronomy and perfecting the calendar. The view of "proof" was not our modern view. Many works simply listed equations or gave diagrams, and a proof was hinted at rather than shown. In other cases a proof was shown, but declared to be an established method after some fashion. The dating of the use of certain mathematical methods in Chinese history is problematic and disputed. There is some controversy regarding whether the Chinese discovered the Pythagorean theorem, or the precise nature of this knowledge in early China. It has even been [suggested] that Pythagoras himself (a mythical person even in the time of Aristotle) may have been Chinese. Elements of "Pythagorean" science have been found, for example, in one of the oldest Classical Chinese texts (see King Wen sequence). i like big buts that cannot lie you other brothers cant deny! Euclid, Greek mathematician, 3rd century BC, as imagined by by Raphael in this detail from The School of Athens. ... Centuries: 2nd century BC - 1st century BC - 1st century Decades: 130s BC 120s BC 110s BC - 100s BC - 90s BC 80s BC 70s BC 60s BC 50s BC Years: 105 BC 104 BC 103 BC 102 BC 101 BC - 100 BC - 99 BC 98 BC 97 BC 96 BC 95... For other uses, see Astronomy (disambiguation). ... A page from the Hindu calendar 1871-72. ... In mathematics, the Pythagorean theorem (AmE) or Pythagoras theorem (BrE) is a relation in Euclidean geometry among the three sides of a right triangle. ... Pythagoras of Samos (Greek: ; between 580 and 572 BC–between 500 and 490 BC) was an Ionian (Greek) philosopher[1] and founder of the religious movement called Pythagoreanism. ... Aristotle (Greek: Aristotélēs) (384 BC – 322 BC) was a Greek philosopher, a student of Plato and teacher of Alexander the Great. ... The King Wen sequence of the I Ching is a series of sixty four broken and unbroken lines, representing yin and yang respectively. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Chinese overview (2961 words)
In fact much Chinese mathematics from this period was produced because of the need to make calculations for constructing the calendar and predicting positions of the heavenly bodies.
The decline in Chinese mathematics from the fourteenth century was not by any means dramatic.
It is to the credit of Chinese mathematicians that they did not let their mathematical tradition be replaced by the western tradition.
history of mathematics: Information from Answers.com (5221 words)
Mathematical study in Egypt later continued under the Islamic Caliphate as part of Islamic mathematics, when Arabic became the written language of Egyptian scholars.
Greek mathematics studied from the time of the Hellenistic period (from 323 BC) refers to all mathematics of those who wrote in the Greek language, since Greek mathematics was now not only written by Greeks but also non-Greek scholars throughout the Hellenistic world, which was spread across the Eastern end of the Mediterranean.
Even after European mathematics began to flourish during the Renaissance, European and Chinese mathematics were separate traditions, with significant Chinese mathematical output in decline, until the Jesuit missionaries carried mathematical ideas back and forth between the two cultures from the 16th to 18th centuries.
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