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Encyclopedia > Chinese legend

Chinese mythology is the mythology of Chinese civilization. Many of the legends of Chinese mythology take place during the period of Sanhuangwudi.

Contents

Important mythologies and deities

  • Nwa 女娲补天: Nwa seals the broken sky using stones of seven different colours -- the patch becomes the rainbow. She is also said to have created humanity -- the story has been retold through many Chinese cartoons.
  • FuXi Fuxi, HuHsi was the brother and husband of Nuwa
  • Shen Nong Inventor of agriculture.
  • Great Yu 大禹治水: Great Yu regulates the courses of rivers (to control floods)
  • Gong Gong 共工 An evil water demon who crushed Mount Buzhou.
  • Zhu Rong God of fire. Defeated Gong Gong.
  • Pangu 盘古开天辟地 Pangu cleaves open heaven and earth -- the traditional story of the Earth's creation in Chinese mythology.
  • Cangjie 仓颉造字: characters
  • Chi You (蚩尤 chi1you2) A war god who fought Huang Di. Inventor of metal weapons.
  • Huang Di (黃帝) father of medicine
  • Xuan Nu (玄女 xuan2nu3) who assisted Huang Di (黃帝) to subdue Chi You (蚩尤).
  • Three Pure Ones Daoist / highest deities
  • Jade Emperor Daoist / ruler of Heaven and Earth
  • Eight Immortals Daoist / He Xiangu, Cao Guojiu, Li Tieguai, Lan Caihe, Lu Dongbin, Han Xiang Zi, Zhang Guo Lao, Zhongli Quan

Mythical creatures

  • Ba She (巴蛇 ba1she2) a snake reputed to swallow elephants
  • Birds:
    • Fenghuang (Chinese Phoenix)
    • Ji Guang (吉光 ji2guang1)
    • Jian (鶼 jian1) A mythical bird supposed to have only one eye and one wing: 鶼鶼 a pair of such birds dependent on each other, inseparable, hence, represent husband and wife.
    • Jing Wei (精衛) a mythical bird which tries to fill up the ocean with twigs and pebbles.
    • Shang-Yang (a rainbird)
    • Nine-headed Bird Used to scare children.
    • Su Shuang (鷫鵊 su4shuang3) a mythical bird, also variously described as a water bird, like the crane.
    • Peng (鵬, a mythical bird of giant size and terrific flying power) Also known as Chinese roc.
    • Qing Niao (青鳥 qing1niao3) a mythical bird, the messenger of Xi Wangmu.
    • Zhu (a bad omen)
  • Chinese dragon
    • Yinglong, a powerful servant of Huang Di.
    • Dragon King
    • Fucanglong, the treasure dragon
    • Shenlong, the rain dragon
    • Dilong, the earth dragon
    • Tianlong, the celestial dragon
    • Li (hornless dragon), lesser dragon of the seas. Is hornless.
    • Jiao, another hornless dragon. Lives in the swamps. The lowest dragon.
  • Qilin (in Japanese, Kirin), chimeric animal with several variations.
  • Long Ma Similar to the Qilin- the dragon-horse.
  • Kui (夔 kui2) a mythical one legged monster.
  • Kun (鯤 kun1) a mythical giant monsterous fish.
  • Hopping corpse
  • Yaoguai - demons.
  • Fox Spirit
  • Nian, the beast
  • Ox heads & horse faces 牛頭馬面 messenger boy in Hell.
  • Pixiu (貔貅)
  • Rui Shi (瑞獅)
  • Tao Tie (饕餮 tao1tie4) a mythical gargoyle like figure, often found on ancient bronze vessels, representing greed. It is said to be the fifth son of dragon and has such an appetite that it even eats its head.
  • Xiao (魈 xiao1) A mythical mountain spirit or demon.
  • The Transcendent pig

Mythical places

  • Xuan Pu (玄圃 xUan2pu3), a mythical fairyland on Kunlun Mountain (崑崙).
  • Yao Chi (瑤池 yao2chi2), abode of immortals where Xi Wang Mu lives.
  • Fu Sang (扶桑 fu2sang1), a mythical island, often interpreted as Japan.
  • Que Qiao (鵲橋 qUe4qiao2) the bridge formed by birds across the milky way.
  • Peng lai (蓬萊 peng2lai2) the paradise, a fabled Fairy Isle on the China Sea.
  • Long Men (龍門 long2men2) the dragon gate where a carp can transformed into a dragon.
  • Feng Du the Chinese hell

Literary Sources of Chinese Mythology

See also

External links

  • Chinese mythology at Godchecker (http://www.godchecker.com/pantheon/chinese-mythology.php)
  • 汉族中原古帝神话传说 (http://history.1001n.com.cn/info/info.asp?id=4764)
  • 汉族神话 (http://history.1001n.com.cn/info/info.asp?id=4763)





  Results from FactBites:
 
Chinese dragon - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1283 words)
That explains why the Chinese dragon has a body of a snake; the scales and tail of a fish; the antlers of a deer; the face of a qilin (a deer-like mythical creature with fire all over its body); and two pairs of talons of eagles; and the eyes of a demon.
In some Chinese legends, an emperor might be born with a birthmark in the shape of a dragon.
For example, one legend might tell the tale of a peasant born with a dragon birthmark who eventually overthrows the existing dynasty and founds a new one; another legend might tell of the prince in hiding from his enemies who is identified by his dragon birthmark.
The Legend of the Chinese Dragon (344 words)
Unlike the evil dragon the West, the Chinese Dragon is a beneficent and gracious creature and is worshipped as the divine ruler of Lakes, Rivers and Seas.
The Dragon first appeared in the sky, legend tells us, while an heir to the throne was born, and the country was blessed with peace and prosperity for many generation thereafter.
According to the Chinese calendar, the dragon is the animal for those who were born this year and every 12 years before or afterwards.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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