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Encyclopedia > Chinese compound surname

A Chinese compound surname (Simplified Chinese: 复姓, Traditional Chinese: 複姓; pinyin: fùxìng) is a Chinese surname using more than one character. Many of these surnames derive from noble and official titles, professions, and place names. Some are originally non-Chinese, while others were created by joining two one-character family names. Only a few of these names (e.g. 歐陽, 上官, 司馬, 司徒) survive in modern times. Many clans eventually took on a single-character surname for various reasons. A small minority of Koreans and Vietnamese also have compound surnames. Simplified Chinese characters (Simplified Chinese: 简体字; Traditional Chinese: 簡體字; pinyin: jiÇŽntǐzì; also Simplified Chinese: 简化字; Traditional Chinese: 簡化字; pinyin: jiÇŽnhuàzì) are one of two standard character sets of printed contemporary Chinese written language. ... Traditional Chinese characters are one of two standard character sets. ... Pinyin is a system of romanization (phonemic notation and transcription to Roman script) for Standard Mandarin, where pin means spell and yin means sound. The most common variant of pinyin in use is called Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: , Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: HànyÇ” PÄ«nyÄ«n), also known as scheme... A Chinese surname, family name (Chinese: 姓; Hanyu Pinyin: or clan name 氏; shì), is one of the hundreds or thousands of family names that have been historically used by Han Chinese and Sinicized Chinese ethnic groups in mainland China, Taiwan, and among ethnic Chinese in overseas Chinese communities. ...


Compound Surnames

Chinese characters Meaning Non-Han origin Mandarin
(Pinyin)
Cantonese
(Hong Kong)
Vietnamese Korean Notable
阿史那 Turkic Āshǐnà A Si Na
百里 Hundred li Bǎilǐ Baak Lei Bách Lý Baili Xi (百里溪)
東方 (东方) East Dōngfāng Dung Fong Đông Phương Dongfang Shuo (東方朔)
東閣 (东阁) Eastern Pavilion Dōnggé Dung Gok
東門 (东门) Eastern Gate Dōngmén Dung Mun
端木 Duānmù Duen Muk Đoan Mộc Duanmu Hongliang(端木蕻良)
獨孤 (独孤) Alone Dúgū Duk Gu Độc Cô Dugu Qiubai (獨孤求敗)
公孫 (公孙) Gōngsūn Gung Syun Công Tôn Gongson Gongsun Zan (公孫贊)
穀梁 (谷梁) or 穀粱 Sorghum grains (?) Gǔliáng Guk Leong Cốc Lương
賀蘭 (贺兰) Hèlán Ho Laan Hạ Lan
赫連 (赫连) Hèlián Hak Lin Hách Liên
賀若 (贺若) Hèruò Ho Yeok Hạ Nhược
皇甫 Húangfù Wong Po Huangfu Song
呼延 Tungusic (鮮卑) Hūyán Fu Yin Hô Diên
令狐 Línghú Ling Wu Lệnh Hồ Linghu Chong (令狐沖)
万俟 Tungusic (鮮卑) Mòqí
慕容 Tungusic (鮮卑) Mùróng Mou Yung Mộ Dung Murong Huang (慕容皝)
納蘭 (纳兰) Manchurian (a variant of 叶赫那拉) Nàlán Naap Laan Nalan Xingde (納蘭性德)
南宮 (南宫) Southern Palace Nángōng Nam Gung
歐陽 (欧阳) Ōuyáng Au Yeong Âu Dương Ouyang Xiu (歐陽修)
沙吒 Turkic Shāzhà Sa Za
上官 High official (place name) Shàngguān Seong Gun Thượng Quan 上官玉 (Hong Kong actress)
司馬 Military commander Sīmǎ Si Ma Tư Mã Sima Qian(司馬遷)
司徒 Public administrator Sītú Si To Tư Đồ Szeto Wah
司空 Minister of constructions Sīkōng Si Hung Tư Không Sagong
太史 Historian Tàishǐ Taai Si Taishi Ci (太史慈)
夏侯 (夏侯)
西門 (西门) Western gate Xīmén Sai Mun Tây Môn Seomoon Ximen Bao (西門豹)
軒轅 (轩辕) Xuānyuán Hin Yuen Yellow Emperor
尉遲 (尉迟) Yùchí Wat Ci Uý Trì Yuchi Jingde (Door God)
長孫 (长孙) Zhǎngsūn Zeong Syun Zhangsun Wuji (長孫無忌)
鐘離 (钟离) Zhōnglí Zung Lei
諸葛 (诸葛) Zhūgě Zyu Got Chư Cát Jegal Zhuge Liang (諸葛亮)
祝融 (Synonym to the god of fire) Zhùróng Zuk Yung Chúc Dung  
左人 Left-handed man Zuǒrén Zo Yan Tả Nhân

漢字 / 汉字 Chinese character in Hànzì, kanji, hanja. ... Pinyin is a system of romanization (phonemic notation and transcription to Roman script) for Standard Mandarin, where pin means spell and yin means sound. The most common variant of pinyin in use is called Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: , Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: HànyÇ” PÄ«nyÄ«n), also known as scheme... Cantonese (Traditional Chinese: 粵語; Simplified Chinese: 粤语]], Cantonese: Yuet6yue5; Mandarin pinyin: YuèyÇ”, lit. ... Li: A Chinese unit of distance, 里 (Lǐ), a li is equal to 500 metres, or about 1/3 mile. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Duanmu Hongliang (Chinese: 端木蕻良; pinyin: Duānmù Hòngliáng; Wade-Giles: Tuan-mu Hung-liang, real name Cao Jingping) (25 October 1912 in Liaoning) is a notable Chinese author whose works were prominent during the Sino-Japanese War and for whom the land and environment were pivotal fictional elements. ... Dugu Qiubai (Traditional Chinese: 獨孤求敗; Simplified Chinese: 独孤求败; was a character mentioned in 3 of Jinyongs novels. ... Gongsun (T:公孫) is one of the few Chinese compound surnames. ... Gongsun Zan (公孫瓚 gong1 sun1 zan4), courtesy name Bogui, was a warlord of northern China active toward the end of the second century AD. He was commander of a cavalry force and served on the northern and eastern frontiers of the Han Dynasty empire fighting against various non-Chinese peoples. ... Huangfu Song (皇甫嵩) was a well known minister of the late Han Dynasty. ... Linghu (令狐) is a Chinese compound surname. ... The fictional character Linghu Chong (Traditional Chinese: 令狐沖, pinyin: Ling3 hu4 Chong1) is the protagonist in the 1959 Chinese wuxia novel The Smiling, Proud Wander by Jinyong. ... Murong (慕容) is a Chinese compound surname. ... Murong Huang (慕容皝) (297-348), courtesy name Yuanzhen (元真), formally Prince Wenming of (Former) Yan ((前)燕文明王) was a ruler of the Chinese/Xianbei state Former Yan and the commonly recognized founder of the state. ... Ouyang, (also OYoung, Owyang, Au Yong, Auyong, Au Yeung, Au Ieong) (Simplified Chinese: 欧阳, Traditional Chinese: 歐陽) is one of the most common two-character Chinese surnames in the world, although for a surname, it falls out of the top two hundred as documented by the Language Publication Society, Beijing, in... Sima (Simplified Chinese: 司马; Traditional Chinese: 司馬; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Ssu-ma) is a Chinese family name. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Szeto Wah 司徒華 (born February 28, 1931), is currently the chairman of The Hong Kong Alliance in Support of Patriotic Democratic Movements in China (香港市民支援愛國民主運動聯合會), was a member of the Legislative Council from 1985... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Yellow Emperor The Yellow Emperor or Huang Di (Traditional Chinese: , Simplified Chinese: , pinyin: huángdì) is a legendary Chinese sovereign and cultural hero who is said to be the ancestor of all Han Chinese. ... Colorful Door Gods adorn a temple door in Taichung, Taiwan. ... Zhuge is a Chinese double surname that when pronounced in Cantonese, has the same pronounciation as wisdom. The most popular Zhuge known are Zhuge Liang, Zhuge Jin, Zhuge Ke, Zhuge Xuan, Zhuge Zhan and his son, Zhuge Shang. ... An artists impression of Zhuge Liang holding his trademark feather fan. ...

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
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Chinese compound surname (複姓 pinyin : fù xìng) is an uncommon Chinese surname using more than one character.
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Chinese character components, whether semantic or phonetic in role, are the building blocks for all Chinese Hanzi as well as in the derived forms of Japanese Kanji, Korean Hanja, and Vietnamese Chữ nôm and Chữ nho.
Xu Shen (許慎/许慎; Pinyin: Xǔ Shèn; 58-147) in his seminal dictionary of Chinese, the 15-volume Shuowen dictionary (說文解字/说文解字; Pinyin: Shuōwén jiězì; "Explaining Simple and Analyzing Compound Characters"), in 121, was the first attempt to construct a comprehensive dictionary of Chinese and the first to catalogue its roughly 10000 characters in a systematic way.
Since Chinese is not an alphabetic language, it is difficult to arrange the characters in a predictable way in a dictionary.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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