FACTOID # 4: Just 1% of the houses in Nevada were built before 1939.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Chinese Taipei
Chinese Taipei's Olympic Flag

Chinese Taipei (Traditional Chinese: 中華臺北; Simplified Chinese: 中华台北; Hanyu Pinyin: Zhōnghuá Táiběi; Tongyong Pinyin: Jhonghua Táiběi) is the designated name used by the Republic of China (ROC), to participate in most international organizations, due to the persistent diplomatic pressure from the People's Republic of China (PRC), which, like the UN and the vast majority of nations, does not recognize the Republic of China (Taiwan) as an independent country. Under the "One-China policy," the international community denies the use of the region's preferred titles, the "Republic of China (ROC)," "Republic of China (Taiwan)" or "Taiwan" so as to avoid implying that the ROC (Taiwan) and the PRC are two separate countries when participating in international organizations (see political status of Taiwan). Image File history File links Chinese_Taipei_Olympic_Flag. ... Image File history File links Chinese_Taipei_Olympic_Flag. ... The five Olympic rings were designed in 1913, adopted in 1914 and debuted at the Games at Antwerp, 1920. ... Traditional Chinese characters refers to one of two standard sets of printed Chinese characters. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Pinyin (拼音, Pīnyīn) literally means join (together) sounds (a less literal translation being phoneticize, spell or transcription) in Chinese and usually refers to Hànyǔ Pīnyīn (汉语拼音, literal meaning: Han language pinyin), which is a system of... Tongyong Pinyin (Chinese: ; pinyin: Tōngyòng pÄ«nyÄ«n; literally Universal/General Usage Sound-combining) is the current official romanization of the Chinese language adopted by the national government (although not all local governments) of the Republic of China (Taiwan) since 2002. ... For the Chinese civilization, see China. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Alternative meaning: Organisation (band). ... This page is about negotiations; for the board game, see Diplomacy (game). ... This article is about pressure in the physical sciences. ... For the Chinese civilization, see China. ... For the Chinese civilization, see China. ... For other uses, see Country (disambiguation). ... The One-China policy (Traditional Chinese: 一個中國; Simplified Chinese: 一个中国; pinyin: yÄ« gè Zhōngguó) is a principle that there is one China and that mainland China, Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan are all part of that China. ... Banners of the international community at the United Nations in Geneva The term international community is a political phrase that can refer to either: All the lands represented within the United Nations. ... (In the context of property law, title refers to ownership or documents of ownership; see title (property). ... For the Chinese civilization, see China. ... For the Chinese civilization, see China. ... This article describes a type of political entity. ... Taiwan Strait area The controversy regarding the political status of Taiwan hinges on whether Taiwan, including the Pescadores (Penghu), should remain the effective territory of the Republic of China (ROC), become unified with the territories now governed by the Peoples Republic of China (PRC), or become the Republic of...

Contents

Origins

The People's Republic of China (PRC), which does not recognize the Republic of China (Taiwan) and claims the island of Taiwan as part of its own territory, effectively blocks the Republic of China (Taiwan) from using their official national title "Republic of China" in international organizations. To the PRC, having the team represented as the "Republic of China" suggests either the continued existence of a country that PRC believes it has toppled or the existence of two Chinas, a contravention of the PRC's "One-China Policy." For the Chinese civilization, see China. ... For the Chinese civilization, see China. ... For the Chinese civilization, see China. ... National can refer to: Look up national in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other uses, see Country (disambiguation). ... For the Chinese civilization, see China. ... The One-China policy (Traditional Chinese: 一個中國; Simplified Chinese: 一个中国; pinyin: yī gè Zhōngguó) is a principle that there is one China and that mainland China, Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan are all part of that China. ...


When international organisations downgraded or even expelled Taiwan in the 1970s and 1980s in favor of recognizing the PRC, the Kuomintang (KMT)-controlled Republic of China (Taiwan) government refused to be designated as "Taiwan, China" because the title would imply that it was subordinate to the People's Republic of China government. At the time, the Kuomintang government also rejected the names "Taiwan" and "Formosa" because it still considered itself the sole legitimate government of all of China and refused any hint of Taiwan independence. Therefore, it chose what was considered a politically neutral title "Chinese Taipei", even though Taipei is just a metropolitan region small in proportion to the entire Taiwan area. The Kuomintang of China (abbreviation KMT) (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Tongyong Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Chung1-kuo2 Kuo2-min2-tang3) [1], also often translated as the Chinese Nationalist Party, is a political party in the Republic of China, now on Taiwan, and is currently the largest political party in... For the Chinese civilization, see China. ... Taiwan independence (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; Pinyin: , Pe̍h-oÄ“-jÄ«: Tâi-oân To̍k-li̍p Å«n-tōng; abbreviated to 台獨, Táidú, Tâi-to̍k) is a political movement whose goal is primarily to create an independent and sovereign Republic of Taiwan out of the... Nickname: Coordinates: , Country Republic of China Region Northern Taiwan City seat Xinyi District (信義區) Government  - Mayor Hau Lung-bin (KMT)1 E9 Area  - City 271. ...


In November of 1979 the International Olympic Committee and later all the international sports federations adopted a resolution which recognised the National Olympic Committee of Taiwan as the National Olympic Committee of Chinese Taipei[1] and every sports team or athlete from Taiwan would compete as Chinese Taipei. Under this resolution, Chinese Taipei adopted the Chinese Taipei Olympic Flag as their flag, which consists of the emblem of the National Chinese Taipei Olympic Committee on a white background and since 1984 Summer Olympics participate with this name and flag in every sports event, like the Olympics, Paralympics and other international events. Stamp The International Olympic Committee (French: Comité International Olympique) is an organization based in Lausanne, Switzerland, created by Pierre de Coubertin and Demetrios Vikelas on June 23, 1894. ... Music sample: Olympic Fanfare and Theme ( file info) — composed by John Williams for the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles Problems listening to the file? See media help. ... The five Olympic rings were designed in 1913, adopted in 1914 and debuted at the Games at Antwerp, 1920. ... Silver 2004 The Paralympic Games are an official equivalent of the Olympics for athletes with physical disabilities. ...


The flag, however, is not recognised on some media references. In 1992, during the Winter Olympics in Albertville, France, CBS used the flag of the Republic of China (Taiwan) with the official "TPE" code. During the 2004 Summer Olympics, the Australian Baseball Federation Web site used a waving National Flag of the ROC (Taiwan) to refer to the island country. Many news networks and web sites also prefer to use the National Flag of the Republic of China (Taiwan) rather than the designated Chinese Taipei flag. Flag of Taiwan redirects here. ... Flag of Taiwan redirects here. ... Flag of Taiwan redirects here. ...


Translation

Both sides agree with the English name "Chinese Taipei." However, in the Chinese language, "Chinese" can be translated to different meanings. PRC translates it as "Zhongguo Taipei" (中國台北) in Chinese. Zhongguo literally means "the Chinese state", and this translation connotes that Taipei is a part of the Chinese state. By contrast, the Republic of China government translates it as "Zhonghua Taipei" (中華臺北) in Chinese, which references China the cultural or ethnic entity, rather than the state. Peoples Republic of China (PRC) and Republic of China (Taiwan) For other meanings, see China (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ...


Consequences

The name "Chinese Taipei" has spilled into apolitical arenas. Flight schedules from official airport websites such as those for Los Angeles International Airport and San Francisco International Airport list flights to and from Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport as "Taipei, Chinese Taipei." The PRC has successfully pressured some religious organizations and organizations such as the Lions Club to have Taiwan relegated to "Chinese Taipei". Runway layout at LAX “LAX” redirects here. ... FAA diagram of SFO “SFO” redirects here. ... Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport (IATA: TPE, ICAO: RCTP) (Traditional Chinese: or ; Simplified Chinese: ; Tongyong Pinyin: Táiwan Táoyuán Gúojì JichÇŽng, Pinyin: Táiwān Táoyuán Gúojì JÄ«chÇŽng), formerly Chiang Kai-shek International Airport (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; Tongyong Pinyin: Jhongjhèng... For the Chinese civilization, see China. ... Lions Clubs International is the worlds largest service club organisation with 46,000 clubs and 1. ...


In 2000, the People's Republic of China's government pressured the Miss Universe Organization to rename Miss Taiwan 2000 as "Miss Chinese Taipei". Three years later at the Miss Universe pageant in Panama, the first official Miss China and Miss Taiwan competed alongside each other for the first time in history, prompting the Chinese government to again demand that Miss Taiwan assume the title "Miss Chinese Taipei." The contestant in question, Szu-yu Chen, was famously photographed tearfully holding her two sashes. Today, neither Miss Universe nor Miss World, the two largest pageant systems in the world, allow Taiwan's entrants to compete under the Taiwan label. In 2005, the third largest pageant system, Miss Earth, initially allowed beauty contestant Li Fan Lin to compete as "Miss Taiwan", however after a week into the pageant her sash was updated to "Taiwan ROC". There was no subsequent backlash or government disapproval from the PRC over this move. Miss Universe is an annual international female beauty contest, and the title for the winner of the contest, founded in 1952 by California clothing company Pacific Mills. ... Miss Universe is an annual international female beauty contest, and the title for the winner of the contest, founded in 1952 by California clothing company Pacific Mills. ... This article is about the pageant. ... Miss Earth logo Miss Earth is an annual international beauty pageant founded in 2001 by Carousel Productions Inc. ...

Chinese Taipei Football Flag
Chinese Taipei Paralympic Flag

The title "Chinese Taipei" leads some people to believe that "Taipei" is a country. To reduce confusion, news agencies remove "Chinese Taipei" references from press releases of international organizations and simply refer to the ROC as "Taiwan". For sporting events, the Taiwanese team is abbreviated in Taiwan as the Zhonghua Team (中華隊; Zhonghua being a more cultural rather than political variation of the term China), which, in effect, labels it the "Chinese Team". Image File history File links Chinese_Taipei_Football_Flag. ... Image File history File links Chinese_Taipei_Football_Flag. ... Image File history File links Chinese_Taipei_Paralympic_Flag. ... Image File history File links Chinese_Taipei_Paralympic_Flag. ... The different usages of China in world languages generally derives from two sources, according to how knowledge of China reached the culture, whether by: the northern land_route traversing the length of Asia The land of the Seres became known in the European Middle Ages as the Empire of Cathay. ...


Starting around the time of the 2004 Summer Olympics, there has been a movement in Taiwan to change all references of the ROC (Taiwan) team in media to the "Taiwanese Team", and the mainstream Taiwan Television (TTV) is one of the first Taiwanese media outlets to do so. There are currently also cable TV channels that refer to Taiwan as the Zhonghua Team and China as the Zhongguo Team. The ceremony for the lighting of the flame is arranged as a pagan pageant, with priestesses dancing. ... TTV building in Taipei City Taiwan Television Enterprise, Ltd. ...


In contrast to Taiwanese usage, the PRC always labels the Taiwanese team as the "Zhongguo Taibei Team," which translates as "China's Taipei Team." This name is consistently rejected by the ROC (Taiwan). For the Chinese civilization, see China. ... For the Chinese civilization, see China. ...


In the International Children's Games 2005 in Coventry as well as the National Geographic World Championship, the name Chinese Taipei was used. Chinese Taipei was also the term being used by Major League Baseball for the ROC team that participated in the 2006 World Baseball Classic, and will presumably do so in the future. MLB and Major Leagues redirect here. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The World Baseball Classic, sometimes abbreviated WBC, is an international baseball tournament, first held in March 2006. ...


Other references to Taiwan and the ROC

Republic of China

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
the Republic of China
For the Chinese civilization, see China. ... Image File history File links Republic_of_China_National_Emblem. ... The Republic of China (ROC) currently has jurisdiction over Taiwan, Kinmen, Matsu, and the Pescadores Islands (Penghu) and several smaller islands. ...

Fundamentals:

History - Civil War - 3 Principles
Constitution - National Assembly ‹ The template below (History of China - BC) is being considered for deletion. ... Combatants Nationalist Party of China Communist Party of China Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Mao Zedong Strength 4,300,000 (July 1946) 3,650,000 (June 1948) 1,490,000 (June 1949) 1,200,000 (July 1946) 2,800,000 (June 1948) 4,000,000 (June 1949) The Chinese Civil War... Sun Yat-sen, who developed the Three Principles of the People. ... The National Assembly (Traditional Chinese: 國民大會; Simplified Chinese: 国民大会; Pinyin: ) refers to several parliamentary bodies that existed in the history of the Republic of China. ...


Executives:
President: Chen Shui-bian
Premier: Chang Chun-hsiung The Presidential Building is located in Zhongzheng District, Taipei City. ... Chen Shui-bian, President of the Republic of China Chen Shui-bian (ch. ... The President of the Executive Yuan (行政院長), colloquially referred to as the Premier (閣揆), is the head of the Executive Yuan, the executive branch of the Republic of China, which currently administers Taiwan. ... Chang Chun-hsiung (Chinese: 張俊雄; pinyin: Zhāng Jùnxióng) (born March 23, 1938) is a politician in the Republic of China on Taiwan. ...


Branches:
Executive - Legislative - Judicial
Control - Examination
The Legislative Yuan building in Zhongzheng District, Taipei City (the view is partially obscured by the childrens hospital building of the National Taiwan University Hospital). ... The Judicial Yuan is located directly east of the Presidential Office in Zhongzheng District, Taipei City. ... The Control Yuan building The Control Yuan main entrance The Control Yuan (監察院; pinyin: Jiānchá Yùan), one of five branches of the Republic of China government in Taipei, is a watchdog agency that monitors (controls) the government. ... The Examination Yuan (考試院) is one of five government branches of the Republic of China and is in charge of validating the qualification of civil servants. ...


Parties:
List - Elections - Tangwai Political parties in Taiwan lists political parties in Taiwan (Republic of China). ... Elections of the Republic of China gives information on election and election results in the Republic of China (Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ) with effective control over Taiwan, Quemoy, Matsu and some islands in the South China Sea since 1949. ... The Tangwai (黨外; pinyin: dăng wài; literally, outside the party) movement was a political movement in the Republic of China on Taiwan in the mid-1970s and early 1980s. ...


Status:
Political - Legal - Republic
Independence - Reunification
Taiwan Strait area The controversy regarding the political status of Taiwan hinges on whether Taiwan, including the Pescadores (Penghu), should remain the effective territory of the Republic of China (ROC), become unified with the territories now governed by the Peoples Republic of China (PRC), or become the Republic of... The legal question of which legal entity holds de jure sovereignty over Taiwan is a controversial issue. ... A flag for the proposed independent Taiwan designed in the mid-1990s. ... Chinese (re)unification (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is a goal of Chinese nationalism that refers to the reunification of all of Greater China under a single political entity. ...


Relations:
Foreign relations - UN
Cross-Strait - 1 China - 2 systems The Republic of China (ROC) , now only constituting the island of Taiwan and a few smaller islands, is currently recognized by 24 states, including the Holy See of Vatican City. ... Chinas seat in the United Nations has been occupied by the Peoples Republic of China since October 25, 1971. ... Taiwan Strait Cross-Strait relations, or relations across the Taiwan Strait, deals with the complex relationship and interactions between the mainland nation of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC) (which sits on the west of Taiwan Strait) and the island nation of the Republic of China (Taiwan), commonly known... One country, two systems (Simplified Chinese: 一国两制; Traditional Chinese: 一國兩制; pinyin: yì; guó liǎng zhì; Jyutping: jat1 gwok3 loeng5 zai3; Yale: yāt gwok leúhng jai), is an idea originally proposed by Deng Xiaoping, then Paramount Leader of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC), for the unification of China. ...


Other issues:
Political divisions
Human rights - Localization
Chinese Taipei - Four-stage theory The Republic of China (ROC) currently administers two historical provinces of China (one completely and one for a small part) and centrally administers two municipalities: Taiwan Province; consists of the island of Taiwan, except the two municipalities, plus Penghu county (Pescadores Islands) and a number of outlying islands Sixteen counties... The human rights record of Taiwan is generally held to have experienced significant transformation over the last two decades. ... Localization or Taiwanization (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Pe̍h-oē-jī: pún-thó͘-hòa) is a political term used within Taiwan to emphasize the importance of Taiwans culture rather than to regard Taiwanese as solely an appendage of China. ... The Four-Stage Theory of the Republic of China or the Theory of the Four Stages of the Republic of China (Chinese: 中華民國四階段論; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínguó Sì Jiēduàn Lùn) is proposed by Chen Shui-bian, the current (10th and 11th terms) president of the Republic of...


Other countries · Atlas
 Politics Portal
view  talk  edit

Whenever the United Nations makes reference to Taiwan, it uses the designation "Taiwan, Province of China". Certain web-based postal address programs also label the country designation name for Taiwan as "Taiwan, Province of China". Information on politics by country is available for every country, including both de jure and de facto independent states, inhabited dependent territories, as well as areas of special sovereignty. ... The foundation of the U.N. The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues. ...


In other organizations such as the World Trade Organization, the name "Separate Customs Territory of Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen and Matsu" is used for the ROC (Taiwan), but "Chinese Taipei" is used unofficially since the official designation is too unwieldy. As a founding member of the Asian Development Bank, the ROC (Taiwan) participated in the organization as "Republic of China" until PRC's membership in 1986; because of pressure from PRC, Asian Development Bank now uses the name "Taipei, China" for the ROC. The World Trade Organization (WTO), (OMC - Spanish: , French: ), is an international organization designed to supervise and liberalize international trade. ... The Asian Development Bank (ADB) is a regional development bank established in 1966 to promote economic and social development in Asian and Pacific countries through loans and technical assistance. ...


The World Organization of the Scout Movement is one of few international organizations that continue to refer to the Republic of China (Taiwan) as "China", and the ROC (Taiwan) affiliate as the Scouts of China. This is because such Scouting organizations do not exist on the mainland People's Republic of China. The ROC (Taiwan)'s older diplomatic allies also refer to the ROC (Taiwan) as "China" on occasion: for example, during the funeral of Pope John Paul II, President of the Republic of China (Taiwan) Chen Shui-bian was seated as part of the French alphabetical seating arrangement between the first lady of Brazil and the president of Cameroon as the head of state of "Chine". The World Organization of the Scout Movement (WOSM) is the supranational organization which governs most national Scout Movements, with 28 million members. ... Following the birth of the Republic of China, the first Scout troop was organized by Rev. ... This article is about the Boy Scouts and Girl Scouts/Girl Guides organizations. ... The body of Pope John Paul II. April 5, 2005 The funeral of Pope John Paul II was held on April 8, 2005, six days after his death on April 2. ... The Presidential Building is located in Zhongzheng District, Taipei City. ... Chen Shui-bian, President of the Republic of China Chen Shui-bian (ch. ... Map indicating countries that sent official dignitaries at the funeral of Pope John Paul II This is a list of dignitaries at the funeral of Pope John Paul II. After the death of Pope John Paul II on April 2, 2005 in Vatican City, and before official invitations were sent... Lula and Marisa Marisa Letícia Lula da Silva, née Marisa Letícia Rocco Casa, is the wife of the President of Brazil Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, and thus First Lady of Brazil. ...


Notes

  1. ^ However, the name of the committee in Chinese continues to be "中華奧林匹克委員會" ("Chinese Olympic Committee"): see Official Website

See also

This article contains Chinese text.
Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Chinese characters.

Image File history File links Zhongwen. ... Japanese name Kanji: Kana: Korean name Hangul: Hanja: Vietnamese name Quoc Ngu: Hantu: A Chinese character (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ) is a logogram used in writing Chinese, Japanese, sometimes Korean, and formerly Vietnamese. ... Team for the William Jones Cup tournament Tsun Wen-Din (203-C-84) of Yulon Dinos Wu Chih-Yuan (202-F-83) of TTL Taiwan Beer Lee Chi-Yi (198-F/C-78) of Videoland Hunters Hsin An Chen (196-G/F-80) of Osaka Evessa (JPN) Lin Chi-Jay... First international {{{First game}}} Biggest win Chinese Taipei 10 - 0 Guam (Macau, China; June 17, 2007) Biggest defeat Kuwait 10 - 0 Chinese Taipei (Al Ain City, UAE; November 9, 2006) AFC Asian Cup Appearances 2 (First in 1960) Best result Third place, 1960 The Chinese Taipei national football team is... The Chinese Taipei national ice hockey team is the national ice hockey team of the Republic of China. ... The Taiwan (Chinese Taipei) national baseball team is the national team of the Republic of China (Taiwan) and competes internationally under the name Chinese Taipei. ... The Republic of China (ROC) , now only constituting the island of Taiwan and a few smaller islands, is currently recognized by 24 states, including the Holy See of Vatican City. ... The Four-Stage Theory of the Republic of China or the Theory of the Four Stages of the Republic of China (Chinese: 中華民國四階段論; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínguó Sì JiÄ“duàn Lùn) is proposed by Chen Shui-bian, the current (10th and 11th terms) president of the Republic of... Sports is a somewhat popular activity in Taiwan. ... The National Banner Song (國旗歌; gúoqí gÄ“) of the Republic of China is played during the raising and lowering of the Flag of the Republic of China. ... Flag of Taiwan redirects here. ... Taiwan Province (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ) is one of the two administrative divisions, referred to as provinces, under effective control of the Republic of China, after the relocation of its government to the national capital of Taipei following the Chinese Civil War. ...

External links

  • Chinese Taipei Olympic Committee Official Website
  • Type "TPE" in the following flight schedule websites to see references to "Taipei, Chinese Taipei":
    • San Francisco International Airport Flight Schedule
    • Los Angeles International Airport Flight Schedule
  • Articles regarding the United Nations' reference to Taiwan
    • Taipei Times Article on the UN Secretary General's Reaction to the 9-21 Earthquake in Taiwan
    • UN General Assembly Expressed Sympathy to the Government and People of China for the Earthquake in the Province of Taiwan
  • Information About Japan Asia Airways, a subsidiary of Japan Airlines created not to offend Beijing
    • Japan Asia Airways (Official Site in Japanese)
    • English Background Information
  • Swiss Residency Permits Refer the Nationality of ROC Citizens as "Chinese Taipei"

  Results from FactBites:
 
Chinese Taipei - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1714 words)
Chinese Taipei (Traditional Chinese: 中華臺北; Simplified Chinese: 中华台北; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Táibĕi) is the designated name used by the Republic of China (ROC), commonly known as Taiwan, to participate in most international organizations.
Under this resolution, Chinese Taipei adopted the Chinese Taipei Olympic Flag as their flag, which consists of the emblem of the National Chinese Taipei Olympic Committee on a white background and since 1984 Summer Olympics participate with this name, and flag in every sports events like the Olympics, Paralympics and other international events.
Chinese Taipei was also the term being used by Major League Baseball for the ROC team that participated in the 2006 World Baseball Classic, much to the ire of United States Representative Tom Tancredo, and will presumably be the case in the future.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m