FACTOID # 13: New York has America's lowest percentage of residents who are veterans.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Chinese New Year's Eve
Enlarge
A banner of the celebration of Chinese New Year. Photographed in Taipei.

Chinese New Year (Chinese: 春節, 春节, Chūnjíe; 農曆新年, 农历新年, Nónglì Xīnnián; or 過年, 过年, Guònián), also known as the Lunar New Year or the Spring Festival, one of the traditional Chinese holidays, is celebrated on the first day of the first month of the Chinese calendar, which falls on the day on which the second new moon after the day on which the winter solstice occurs, unless there is an intercalary eleventh or twelfth month in the lead-up to the New Year. In this case, the New Year falls on the third new moon after the Solstice. (The next time this occurs is in 2033.) Celebrated internationally, including in Chinatowns, Chinese New Year is the most important holiday of the Chinese people, and many East Asians such as Mongolians, Koreans and Vietnamese who have holidays which fall on the same day. This image is copyrighted, and used with permission. ... This image is copyrighted, and used with permission. ... Chinese (written) language (pinyin: zhōngw n) written in Chinese characters The Chinese language (汉语/漢語, 华语/華語, or 中文; Pinyin: H nyǔ, Hu yǔ, or Zhōngw n) is a member of the Sino-Tibetan family of languages. ... The traditional Chinese holidays have been part of Chinese tradition for thousands of years; they are an essential part of Chinese Culture. ... The Chinese calendar is a lunisolar calendar formed by combining a purely lunar calendar with a solar calendar. ... Traditionally, the lunar phase new moon begins with the first visible crescent of the Moon, after conjunction with the Sun. ... In astronomy, the winter solstice is the moment when the earth is in a point of its orbit at which the northern or southern hemisphere is most inclined away from the sun. ... Intercalation is the insertion of an extra day or month into some calendar years to make the calendar follow the seasons. ... The second-largest Chinatown in North America is in San Francisco, California, where signs, storefronts, proprietors, and even lamp posts bring the culture of China to the United States. ... East Asia is a subregion of Asia. ... Honorary guard of Mongolia. ... Korean is: A person from or something related to Korea. ... Vietnamese can mean: Vietnamese people - the majority ethnic group residing in Vietnam, also known as Kinh or Gin. ...

Contents

Greetings

Around the New Year people greet each other with:


Traditional Chinese: 恭喜發財; Simplified Chinese: 恭喜发财; pinyin: Gōngxǐ fācái; Hokkien: Keong hee huat chye; Cantonese: Kung hei fat choi, which translates to "Congratulations and be prosperous." Traditional Chinese characters are one of two standard character sets of printed contemporary Chinese written language. ... Simplified Chinese characters (Simplified Chinese: 简体字; Traditional Chinese: 簡體字; pinyin: jiǎntǐzì; also called 简化字/簡化字, jiǎnhuàzì) are one of two standard character sets of printed contemporary Chinese written language. ... Pinyin (拼音, pīnyīn) literally means join (together) sounds (a less literal translation being phoneticize, spell or transcription) in Chinese and usually refers to Hànyǔ Pīnyīn (汉语拼音, literal meaning: Han language pinyin), which is a system of romanization (phonetic notation and transliteration to roman script) for Standard Mandarin used in the... Hokkien can refer to: Hokkien (dialect): a Chinese dialect, a member of the Min dialect branch, similar to Taiwanese An old transliteration of the name of the Fujian province of China This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Cantonese can refer to: Of, or pertaining to, the people of, or things from, Guangdong Province, Hong Kong or Macau in China. ...


Traditional Chinese: 新年快樂; Simplified Chinese: 新年快乐; pinyin: Xīnnián kuàilè, which translates to "Happy New Year." Traditional Chinese characters are one of two standard character sets of printed contemporary Chinese written language. ... Simplified Chinese characters (Simplified Chinese: 简体字; Traditional Chinese: 簡體字; pinyin: jiǎntǐzì; also called 简化字/簡化字, jiǎnhuàzì) are one of two standard character sets of printed contemporary Chinese written language. ... Pinyin (拼音, pīnyīn) literally means join (together) sounds (a less literal translation being phoneticize, spell or transcription) in Chinese and usually refers to Hànyǔ Pīnyīn (汉语拼音, literal meaning: Han language pinyin), which is a system of romanization (phonetic notation and transliteration to roman script) for Standard Mandarin used in the...


Traditions

Traditionally, red packets (Mandarin'hong bao' 紅包; Hokkien 'ang pow' Cantonese 'lai see' 利是) are passed out during the Chinese New Year's celebrations, from married couples to unmarried people. Chinese New Year is celebrated with firecrackers, dragon dances and lion dances. Typically the game of mahjong is played. A red packet or hong bao (紅包) is a monetary gift which is given in Chinese society. ... Mandarin has a number of meanings: An Imperial Chinese bureaucrat, and in the UK, by analogy, any government bureaucrat. ... Hokkien can refer to: Hokkien (dialect): a Chinese dialect, a member of the Min dialect branch, similar to Taiwanese An old transliteration of the name of the Fujian province of China This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Cantonese can refer to: Of, or pertaining to, the people of, or things from, Guangdong Province, Hong Kong or Macau in China. ... See Firecracker (album) for information on the Lisa Loeb album. ... Head of dragon dance costume Double dragon dance at Chongqing, China, September 28, 2002, during a weeklong celebration of modern Chinas National Day (October 1st) Dragon dance (Chinese: 舞龍; pinyin: wǔ lóng) is a form of traditional dance in Chinese culture. ... This article needs cleanup. ... This article discusses the four-player game of Chinese origin. ...


Reunion Dinner

A reunion dinner is held on New Year's Eve where members of the family, near and far, get together for celebration. The New Year's Eve dinner is very large and traditionally includes chicken. Fish (鱼, yú) is included, but not eaten, as the Chinese phrase 年年有鱼/餘 (nián nián yǒu yú, or "every year there is fish/leftover") is a homophone for phrases which could mean "be blessed every year" or "have profit every year", since "yú" is also the pronounciation for "profit". A type of black hair-like algae, pronounced "fat choy" in Cantonese, is also featured in many dishes since its name sounds similiar to "prosperity". Because the things sound alike, the belief is that having one will lead to the other, like the old child's aphorism "step on a crack, break your mother's back". New Years Eve is a celebration held the day before New Years Day, on December 31, the final day of the year. ... Binomial name Gallus gallus (Linnaeus, 1758) A chicken is a type of domesticated bird which is usually raised as a type of poultry. ...


First New Year's Day

New Year's day is also celebrated within the family. Usually family members gather on the morning of New Year's Day. It is at this gathering that red packets are given to unmarried members of the family. The age of the recipient is not material to receiving the packets. Married couples usually give out two red packets on the first new year after being married. This is because the wife presents one and the husband presents one. In subsequent years they may give one as a couple.


Red packets traditionally consisted of amounts which were considered multiples. Amounts like $2 (two piece of $1), or $20 were acceptable. Similarly "multiples" such as $1.10 and $2.20 were also acceptable. However, this is not strictly adhered to. The gift was originally a token amount but these days it is not uncommon to receive large sums in affluent families. In some families this tradition has evolved into the practice to substituting money-like instruments (stocks, bonds, unit trust) in place of large sums of cash.


Red packets are also given to unmarried visitors but the sums are often smaller than the packets given to family members or close friends.


Second New Year's Day

The second day of the new year is usually for visiting the family of the wife if a couple is married. A large feast is also typically held on the second day of the new year.


Seventh New Year's Day

The seventh day traditionally is everyone's birthday, the day when everyone grows one year older. It is also the day when tossed fish salad, yusheng, is eaten. People get together to toss the colourful salad and make wishes for continued wealth and prosperity.


Food

There are many foods in Chinese culture associated with the Lunar New Year. Some examples include the following:

  • Niangao (粘糕) The Chinese word 粘, meaning "sticky", is identical in sound to 年, meaning "year", and the word 糕, meaning "cake" is identical in sound to 高, meaning "high". As such, eating niangao has the symbolism of raising oneself higher in each coming year (年年高升 niánnián gāoshēng). Chinese families who practice Chinese traditional religion also offer niangao to the kitchen god, Zao Jun. It is believed that all the household gods go off to heaven to report on a family during the new year. Serving niangao to the kitchen god is believed to help him provide a sweet report on the family because he will be satisfied and not inclined to deliver criticism — or that his lips are so sticky from the cakes that he is unable to make too much of a report.
  • Fagao Literally translated as "Prosperity Cake", fagao is made with wheat flour, water, sugar and leavened with either yeast or baking powder. Fagao batter is steamed until it rises and splits open at the top. The sound "fa" means either "to raise/generate" or "be prosperous", hence its well intending secondary meaning.
  • Yusheng, a salad of raw fish and shredded crunchy vegetables (such as carrots, jicama, pickled ginger and pomelo) in a plum sauce dressing. It is especially popular in Singapore and Malaysia. It was originally served on the seventh day of new year but now it can be obtained easily from two weekends prior to the new year. But it is just a tradition .
  • Mandarin oranges (a symbol of wealth and good fortune). The Cantonese word for these oranges is a homonym for gold.
  • Red Jujubes symbolizes the gaining of prosperity
  • Whole steamed fish (a symbol of long life and good fortune). This can be seen in wall decorations of fish themes. The word 鱼 (yú), meaning "fish", shares the same pronunciation with the word 余, meaning "surplus" (e.g. having money left over from covering expenses). The common greeting for the new year "niannian you yu" can mean to enjoy a surplus, i.e. financial security, year after year.
  • Uncut noodles (a symbol of longevity)
  • Baked goods with seeds (a symbol of fertility)

Chinese traditional religion is the blend of religious practices most Han Chinese practiced for thousands of years. ... In Chinese mythology Zao Jun (灶君 Pinyin: Zào Jūn), or Stove Master, is the kitchen god, the most important of a plethora of Chinese domestic gods (gods of courtyards, wells, doorways, etc. ... Jiaozi (Trad. ... Binomial name Daucus carota A carrot (Daucus Carota) is a root vegetable, typically orange or white in color with a woody texture. ... Species Pachyrhizus ahipa Pachyrhizus erosus Pachyrhizus ferrugineus Pachyrhizus panamensis Pachyrhizus tuberosus Ref: ILDIS Version 6. ... This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The Pomelo is a citrus fruit, a cross between the grapefruit and the pummelo. ... National motto: Majulah Singapura (English: Onward, Singapore) National anthem: Majulah Singapura Capital Singapore1 Largest city Singapore1 Official languages English, Mandarin Chinese, Malay, Tamil Government President Prime minister Westminster system (de jure) Dominant-party system (de facto) Sellapan Rama Nathan Lee Hsien Loong Independence - From Malaysia August 9, 1965 Area  - Total... The Federation of Malaysia is a country in Southeast Asia. ... Satsuma Mandarin Orange The Mandarin orange is a small citrus tree (Citrus reticulata) with fruit resembling the orange. ... Species About 40, including Ziziphus glabarrima Ziziphus lotus Ziziphus mauritanica Ziziphus spinachristi Ziziphus zizyphus Jujube, Chinese Date, or Tsao(棗) is a small deciduous tree or shrub in the Buckthorn family (Rhamnaceae). ...

Festivities

The New Year season lasts fifteen days. The first week is the most important and most often celebrated with visits to friends and family as well as greetings of good luck. The celebrations end on the important and colourful Lantern Festival on the evening of the 15th day of the month. Even though, Chinese believe the third day (年初三) of the Chinese New Year, is not appropriate to visit family and friends, and called the day "chec hao" (赤口), meaning easy to get into arguments. Lantern Festival in Taiwan The Lantern Festival (Simplified Chinese: 元宵节; Traditional Chinese: 元宵節; pinyin: ) is a traditional Chinese festival/holiday, which is celebrated by the Chinese in many countries. ...


The date of the Chinese New Year is determined by the Chinese calendar, a lunisolar calendar. The same calendar is used in countries that have adopted the Confucian and Buddhism tradition and in many cultures influenced by the Chinese, notably the Koreans, the Tibetans, the Vietnamese and the pagan Bulgars. Chinese New Year starts on the first day of the new year, containing a new moon (some sources even include New Year's Eve) and ends on the Lantern Festival fourteen days later. This occurs around the time of the full moon as each lunation is about 29.53 days in duration. In the Gregorian calendar, the Chinese New Year falls on different dates each year, on a date between January 21 and February 21. These dates will slowly drift over tens of thousands of years because the Gregorian calendar is a rule-based calendar that only approximates the true astronomical calculations used by the Chinese calendar. A lunisolar calendar is a calendar whose date indicates both the moon phase and the season. ... Confucianism (儒家 Pinyin: rújiā The School of the Scholars), sometimes translated as the School of Literati, is an East Asian ethical, religious and philosophical system originally developed from the teachings of Confucius. ... Statues of Buddha such as this, the Tian Tan Buddha statue in Hong Kong, remind followers to practice right living. ... The Great Wall of China, stretching over 6,700 km, was erected beginning in the 3rd century BC to guard the north from raids by men on horses. ... This article is on Historic Tibet. ... Bulgars (also Bolgars or proto-Bulgarians) a people of Central Asia, probably originally Pamirian, whose branches became Slavicized over time. ... Lunation is the mean time for one lunar phase cycle (i. ... The Gregorian calendar is the calendar widely used in the Western world. ... January 21 is the 21st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... February 21 is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ...


New Year dates

For a more in-depth look at New Year dates, see Chinese Astrology. Chinese astrology (占星術 pinyin: zhàn xīng shù; 星學 pinyin: xīngxúe ; 七政四餘 pinyin: qī zhèng sì yú; and 果老星宗 pinyin: gǔo lǎo xīng zōng) is related to the Chinese calendar, particularly its 12-year cycle of animals (aka Chinese Zodiac), and the fortune-telling aspects according to movement of heavenly bodies...


The dates of the Spring Festival from 1996 to 2019 (in the Gregorian calendar) are listed below with pinyin romanizations for the earthly branches associated with the animals, which are not their translations. 1996 is a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... 2019 is a Common year starting on Tuesday. ... The Gregorian calendar is the calendar widely used in the Western world. ... Pinyin (拼音, pīnyīn) literally means join (together) sounds (a less literal translation being phoneticize, spell or transcription) in Chinese and usually refers to Hànyǔ Pīnyīn (汉语拼音, literal meaning: Han language pinyin), which is a system of romanization (phonetic notation and transliteration to roman script) for Standard Mandarin used in the... A romanization or latinization is a system for representing a word or language with the Roman (Latin) alphabet, where the original word or language used a different writing system. ... The Earthly Branches (Chinese: 地支; pinyin: Dìzhī) is an ancient Chinese numeral system now uncommon, except when used in conjunction with the Heavenly Stems in the traditional calendar and Taoism. ...

Animal Branch Dates
Rat Zi 1996 February 19 2008 February 7
Ox Chou 1997 February 7 2009 January 26
Tiger Yin 1998 January 28 2010 February 14
Rabbit Mao 1999 February 16 2011 February 3
Dragon Chen 2000 February 5 2012 January 23
Snake Si 2001 January 24 2013 February 10
Horse Wu 2002 February 12 2014 January 31
Goat Wei 2003 February 1 2015 February 19
Monkey Shen 2004 January 22 2016 February 8
Rooster You 2005 February 9 2017 January 28
Dog Xu 2006 January 29 2018 February 16
Pig Hai 2007 February 18 2019 February 5

Many non-Chinese think that they were born in a certain year, when they actually weren't. For example, the 1989 year of the snake began on February 6, 1989. The year 1990 (the year following 1989) is considered by some people to be the year of the horse. However, the 1989 year of the snake officially ended on January 26, 1990, because the zodiac does not end exactly on January 1. This means that anyone born from January 1 to January 25, 1990 was actually born in the year of the snake, not the year of the horse, although some people born during this period are not aware of this fact. This is the case for every year. The rat is one of the 12-year cycle of animals which appear in the Chinese zodiac related to the Chinese calendar. ... The tiger is one of the 12-year cycle of animals which appear in the Chinese zodiac related to the Chinese calendar. ... The rabbit (兔) is one of the 12-year cycle of animals which appear in the Chinese zodiac related to the Chinese calendar. ... The dragon is one of the 12-year cycle of animals which appear in the Chinese zodiac related to the Chinese calendar. ... The snake is one of the 12 animals which appear in the 12-year cycle of the Chinese zodiac related to the Chinese calendar. ... The horse is one of the 12-year cycle of animals which appear in the Chinese zodiac related to the Chinese calendar. ... The sheep (or goat or ram) appears in the Chinese zodiac (related to the Chinese calendar) as one of its 12-year cycle of animals. ... The monkey is one of the 12-year cycle of animals which appear in the Chinese zodiac related to the Chinese calendar. ... The rooster or chicken (雞 jī) is one of the 12-year cycle of animals which appear in the Chinese zodiac related to the Chinese calendar. ... The dog is one of the 12-year cycle of animals which appear in the Chinese zodiac related to the Chinese calendar. ... The Pig (sometimes the boar) is one of the 12-year cycle of animals which appear in the Chinese zodiac related to the Chinese calendar. ...


Because of this, there are many online Chinese Sign calculators that will give a person an incorrect sign if a January/February date is given, because many calculators only categorize the signs by years and not by exact dates. The following website [1] (http://javascript.internet.com/calculators/astrological-calculator.html) contains a JavaScript which will give a person an incorrect sign if he or she has a January February month. For example, if January 25, 1976 is entered into the calculator, it will say "dragon" when it should say "rabbit". Yet this inaccurate JavaScript has already been added to hundreds of websites.


See Chinese astrology for a list of Chinese New Year dates for every year from 1900 to 2020, covering one full sexagesimal cycle (19241983) and portions of two others. Chinese astrology (占星術 pinyin: zhàn xīng shù; 星學 pinyin: xīngxúe ; 七政四餘 pinyin: qī zhèng sì yú; and 果老星宗 pinyin: gǔo lǎo xīng zōng) is related to the Chinese calendar, particularly its 12-year cycle of animals (aka Chinese Zodiac), and the fortune-telling aspects according to movement of heavenly bodies... 1900 is a common year starting on Monday. ... 2020 is a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... 1924 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1983 is an integer and composite number that represents a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


See also

Chap Goh Mei represents the fifteenth and final day of the Lunar New Year period as celebrated by Chinese migrant communities. ... Taipei Lantern Festival in the Chiang-Kai Shek memorial hall in Taipei, Taiwan. ... Public holidays in Hong Kong. ... The Mid-Autumn Moonfestival is also celebrated in overseas Chinese communities like the San Francisco Chinatown The Mid-Autumn Festival (Chinese: 中秋節; pinyin: Zhōngqīujíe), Moon Festival, or, less commonly, Mooncake Festival (月餅節; pinyin: yùe bĭng jíe) is a traditional Chinese festival / holiday falling on the 15th day of the 8th... This page deals with the annual event. ... In ancient times, the Japanese New Year (正月 shōgatsu) followed the same lunisolar calendar as the Chinese or Korean/Vietnamese New Year (at the beginning of spring). ... Tết Nguyên Ðán, more commonly known as Tết, is the most important holiday in Vietnam. ... The traditional culture of Korea is shared by South Korea and North Korea, but there are regional differences. ...

External links

  • Traditional New Year's food and decoration (http://www.educ.uvic.ca/faculty/mroth/438/CHINA/chinese_new_year.html)
  • Chinavoc.com: Chinese Zodiac (http://www.chinavoc.com/zodiac/)
  • rainfall.com: Chinese Zodiac (http://www.rainfall.com/horoscop/chinese.htm)
  • Chinese horoscopes by element (http://www.tuvy.com/entertainment/chinese_horoscope.htm)
  • Chinese Sign compatibility (http://chinese.astrology.com/compat/)
    • Chinese Sign grid (http://chinese.astrology.com/compatgrid.html)
  • Chinese Zodiac Sign Calculator (accurate) (http://www.chinaorbit.com/Chinese_Zodiac.1040.0.html)
  • Doublesign.com: Calculates western sign and Chinese sign (accurate) (http://www.doublesign.com/astro/supersigns.php)
  • LunarCal Perpetual Chinese Calendar (http://www.lunarcal.org/)
  • A Chinese astrology site entitled Fortune Calendar (http://www.chinesefortunecalendar.com/)
  • Chinese birthchart (http://www.doublesign.com/astro/chinese/birthchart.php)
  • The 12-Year Animal Cycle - Hong Kong Observatory (http://www.hko.gov.hk/gts/time/12animals.htm)
  • Bruce Ma's 2005 Lunar New Year (http://brucema.topcities.com/lunarnewyear/index.html) [2] (http://www.brucema.co.nr/), pictures of 2005 Chinese New Year in Melbourne

  Results from FactBites:
 
New Years (1514 words)
There are a number of traditions associated with Chinese New Years, and these often vary from province to province and even from town to town.
Among the pantheon of traditional Chinese gods, Touh Deih is a minor functionary, but he has a special function during New Years and a picture of him is often hung in the kitchen.
New Years is a lucky time, and throwing things away during this time is akin to throwing away the good luck.
New Year - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1490 words)
The Bengali New Year Poila Baisakh is celebrated on 14 April or 15 April in a festive manner in both Bangladesh and West Bengal.
The Punjabi new year Vaisakhi is celebrated on 13 April and celebrates the harvest.
The ancient Roman new year of 1 March was used in the Republic of Venice until its destruction in 1797, and in Russia from 988 until the end of the fifteenth century.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m