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Encyclopedia > Chinese Malaysian

A Chinese Malaysian (Mandarin: ma lai xi ya hua ren (馬來西亞華人), Hokkien: mah lai se ah hua kiao, Cantonese: mah lah zai wah kew (馬來西亞華僑), Bahasa Malaysia: fill-in) is an overseas Chinese who resides in Malaysia. Most are descendants of Chinese who arrived between the 17th and 19th centuries. The Chinese Malaysians are often referred to, especially in Malaysia, as the 'Malaysian Chinese'. Hokkien can refer to: The Hokkien (dialect): a Chinese dialect, often called Minnan or Minnanhua (Southern Min), a member of the Min dialect branch, similar to Taiwanese A transliteration of the name of the Fujian province of China. ... Cantonese generally refers to people or things associated with Guangdong Province, Hong Kong or Macau in China. ... The Malay language, also known locally as Bahasa Melayu, is an Austronesian language spoken by the Malay people who are native to the Malay peninsula, southern Thailand, Singapore and parts of Sumatra. ... Overseas Chinese (華僑 in pinyin: huáqiáo, or 華胞 huábāo, or 僑胞 qiáobāo, or 華裔 huáyì) are ethnic Chinese people who live outside of China. ... (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Chinese Malaysians maintain a distinct communal identity and rarely intermarry with native Malays for religious and cultural reasons. This is because most Malays are Muslim. Such a marriage in Malaysia requires the non-Muslim party to convert in order for the marriage to be legal. Most Chinese Malaysians consider their being "Chinese" both a political and ethnic identity. A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم) (sometimes also spelled Moslem) is an adherent of Islam. ... A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم) (sometimes also spelled Moslem) is an adherent of Islam. ...


Chinese Malaysians have traditionally dominated the Malaysian economy, but with the advent of affirmative action policies by the Malaysian government to protect the interests of its native people, their share has eroded somewhat. On most counts however, they still make up the majority of the middle and upper income classes of Malaysia. As of 2004, the Chinese population in Malaysia is nearly 7 million people. This article defines the legal defination of Bumiputera as defined in Brunei. ...

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Dialect groups

The Chinese in Malaysia belong to several Chinese dialect groups. The six major dialect groups include the Hokkien, Cantonese, Teochew, Hakka, Hainanese and Hokchew (also known as Foochow). People belonging to different dialect groups are concentrated in parts of Malaysia.


Of these, the Hokkien form the largest dialect group in Penang, Kedah, Terengganu, Kelantan and West Johor. This is followed on by the Cantonese, who constitute the most populous Chinese dialect group in the state of Selangor, Pahang and possibly Perak where the Cantonese form a large percentage of the population. The Cantonese also form the largest dialect group in East Johor. Local Cantonese media is frequently broadcasted by Malaysian television channels, notably TV3. State motto: Bersatu dan Setia (United and Loyal), formerly Let Penang Lead Capital George Town Governor Tun Dato Seri Haji Abdul Rahman bin Haji Abbas Chief Minister Tan Sri Dr Koh Tsu Koon Area 1,056 km2 Population  - Est year 2000 1,225,501 State anthem Untuk Negeri Kita (For... State motto: no State motto Capital Alor Star Royal Capital Anak Bukit Sultan Tuanku Abdul Halim Muadzam Shah Chief Minister Syed Razak Syed Zain Barakbah Area 9,426 km2 Population  - Est year 2000 1 572 107 State anthem Allah Selamatkan Sultan Mahkota Kedah (Jawi:قدح, pop. ... State motto: no State motto Capital Kuala Terengganu Sultan Sultan Mizan Zainal Abidin Chief Minister Dato Idris Jusoh Area 12,955 km2 Population  - Est year 2000 879,691 State anthem Terengganu State Anthem Terengganu (Jawi: ترڠڬانو, formerly spelled Trengganu) is a state of Malaysia. ... State Motto: Berserah kepada Tuhan Kerajaan Kelantan (English : hopes to God of government of Kelantan Capital Kota Bharu Sultan Tuanku Ismail ibni al-Marhum Sultan Yahya Petra Chief minister Tuan Guru Dato Haji Nik Aziz Nik Mat Area 14,922 km² Population 1. ...


The Hakka form the most populous dialect group in East Malaysia, parts of Johor, notably Kulai. Hakkas are also found in large numbers in Johor Bahru and Perak, of which they possibly constitute the largest dialect group. The Teochews are concentrated in parts of Penang and Southern Johor, principally Johor Bahru and Pontian. State Motto: the state moto as appeared on the coat of arms reads kepada Allah berserah which literally means all hopes is to God (Allah) Capital Johor Bahru Sultan Iskandar Al-haj Chief minister Abdul Ghani Othman Area 19,984 km² Population 2. ... Kulai town was an important stopover on the Johor Bahru-Kuala Lumpur trunk road in the 1970s and 80s until the North South Highway opened in 1994. ... District Johor Bahru District Area  - Total (City) 185 km² Population  - City (2004)  - Metropolitan Approx. ... District Johor Bahru District Area  - Total (City) 185 km² Population  - City (2004)  - Metropolitan Approx. ... Pontian also refers to a group of Greek people that formerly inhabited the north part of present day Turkey. ...


There are, in general, three sub-linguistic groups of Chinese Malaysian with three metropolitan centers. The Penang group is predominantly Hokkien and the Kuala Lumpur group is predominantly Cantonese and Hakka-speaking. To the south of Peninsular Malaysia, in Johor, Mandarin is predominantly spoken among the Chinese communities there, which is a result of the Mandarin media influence from Singapore, and the use of Mandarin in formal education. This has resulted in many people, especially the younger generation, to discard and neglect the usage of Chinese dialects, especially Teochew. Whereas in East Malaysia (Malaysian Borneo), Hakka and Mandarin is widely spoken. State motto: Bersatu dan Setia (United and Loyal), formerly Let Penang Lead Capital George Town Governor Tun Dato Seri Haji Abdul Rahman bin Haji Abbas Chief Minister Tan Sri Dr Koh Tsu Koon Area 1,056 km2 Population  - Est year 2000 1,225,501 State anthem Untuk Negeri Kita (For... Hoklo (pronounced Holo; Chinese ; Mandarin pronunciation--pinyin: Fulao) can refer to an ethnic-cultural group originating in Fujian province, China. ... Mayor Datuk Ruslin Hasan Area  - Total (City) 243. ... Cantonese (Traditional Chinese: 粵語; Simplified Chinese: 粤语, Cantonese: Yuet6yue5; Mandarin pinyin: Yueyu, Yụet (Guangdong) language) is one of the major dialect groups or languages of the Chinese language or language family. ... Hakka (Traditional: 客家; Simplified: 客家; Hanyu Pinyin: ; literal meaning guest families) are a Han Chinese people whose ancestors are said to originate from around Henan and Shanxi in northern China over 2700 years ago. ... Mandarin, or Guanhua (Traditional Chinese: 官話; Simplified Chinese: 官话; Hanyu Pinyin: ; literally official speech), or Beifanghua (Chinese: 北方方言; Hanyu Pinyin: ; literally Northern Dialect(s)) is a category of related Chinese dialects spoken across most of northern and southwestern China. ... East Malaysia consists of the Malaysian states of Sabah and Sarawak which are located on the island of Borneo, to the east across the South China Sea from West Malaysia. ...


Modern movements to unify and organize Malaysian, Singaporean and Indonesian Chinese communities introduced standard Mandarin as the language of diaspora ethnic nationalism. Mandarin, or Guanhua (Traditional Chinese: 官話; Simplified Chinese: 官话; Hanyu Pinyin: ; literally official speech), or Beifanghua (Chinese: 北方方言; Hanyu Pinyin: ; literally Northern Dialect(s)) is a category of related Chinese dialects spoken across most of northern and southwestern China. ...


Education and Language

Traditionally, the Chinese Malaysians have placed great importance and value on education because of their view of education as being a means to improve their standard of living. This is also due in part to the traditional Confucian esteem of education and the educated. Today, Chinese Malaysians are one of the most academically competitive groups in the country and in the region (including Australia, a popular destination for many Chinese Malaysian students pursuing their tertiary education).


A large segment of the Chinese Malaysian population is predominantly Chinese-speaking. They are commonly known as the "Chinese-educated". Malaysia is also the only country outside China (the mainland, Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan), to have a completely Chinese-medium education system. There are roughly 1,300 Chinese public primary schools (national-type schools) in Malaysia that are all partially government funded (the salary of the teachers is paid by the government while the upkeep of the schoolbuilding is paid by the communities through donations). The Chinese national-type school received less than 3% of total funding for all primary schools. Mandarin is the language of instruction in all subjects except in the language classes of Bahasa Melayu and English. In the 1960s, all but 16 of the Chinese secondary schools had recieved government funding and had been converted into National Secondary Schools (Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan), but the term "National-type Secondary Schools" is used internally until today to show that they were once Chinese Schools. They first used English but later on used Bahasa Malaysia as the language of instruction. Today there are 60 Chinese secondary schools that are supported financially mostly by the public. These are called "Independant Chinese Schools". Mandarin is the main language of instruction in these private schools except Bahasa Malaysia and English, but some schools use either Malay or English in selected subjects. In 2004, according to statistical data, 90% of all Chinese Malaysians attend Chinese primary schools (The figure was around 70% in 1970). Among the 600,000 Chinese primary school students, roughly 10% are of non-Chinese descent. On the other hand, 90% of Chinese primary school graduates continue their secondary studies in public secondary schools (both national and national-type), while the remaining 10% go to Chinese private secondary schools. There are also three privately-owned post-secondary institutes in Malaysia where the language of instruction is Mandarin. Not to be confused with the Malayalam language, spoken in India. ...


A sizeable group of Chinese Malaysians speak English as a first language (something carried over from the British colonial days). They speak English at home, and make it a point to immerse and educate their children in the English language. Like their counterparts in Singapore, they are known as the "English-educated" although the term is something of an anachronism. Unlike in Singapore, English has not been used as a language of instruction in Malaysia (except in private institutions and urban schools) since it was phased out the 1970s and 1980s in favour of Malay. Although there are English medium schools in Malaysia that provide an education based on a British or US-based curriculum, these cater to expatriate children. Not to be confused with the Malayalam language, spoken in India. ... An expatriate (in abbreviated form expat) is someone temporarily or permanently residing in a country and culture other than that of their upbringing and/or legal residence. ...


However, as of 2002, the Malaysian government has reintroduced English as the language of instruction for Science and Mathematics in national secondary schools and universities. 2002 (MMII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Science For the scientific journal named Science, see Science (journal). ... Mathematics is often defined as the study of topics such as quantity, structure, space, and change. ...


While "proper" English is generally spoken and understood among the Chinese Malaysians, the main form used is a patois called Manglish (Malaysian English). Manglish is very similar to Singlish (Singaporean English). Manglish speakers typically understand 80-90% of Singlish and vice versa. See British and Malaysian English differences. Unless specifically Manglish or Singlish terms are used in a conversation, it can be difficult even for native speakers to differentiate the two as the intonation and most terms (especially the infamous lah) are common. Singaporean television sitcoms such as Phua Chu Kang and Under One Roof that make use of Singlish are popular in Malaysia. The Singapore government has tried to reduce the use of Singlish in these serials, with visible success. It has been suggested that British and Malaysian English differences be merged into this article or section. ... Singlish, a portmanteau of the words Singaporean and English, is the English-based creole spoken colloquially in Singapore. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Manglish. ... Phua Chu Kang, one of the main characters in the sitcom Phua Chu Kang Pte Ltd. ... The Under One Roof Cast Under One Roof (Chinese: 同在屋簷下) is a television programme in Singapore. ...


Regional community

The Chinese Malaysian community is intricately linked to the Chinese Singaporean community because of a shared history and culture. Singapore was a part of the Federation of Malaysia before it became independent in 1965. Many Chinese Singaporeans have relatives in Malaysia and vice-versa. There are also a significant number of Chinese Malaysians residing and working in Singapore. Some families in nearby Johor send their children (around 5000 of them) to school in Singapore, commuting back and forth between the two countries every day. This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ...


On that same note, the Chinese Malaysians are culturally much more distant from the Indonesian Chinese, Filipino Chinese and Thai Chinese. This is attributable to the fact that these countries did not have a shared history with Malaysia like Singapore did. It has been suggested that The Indonesian Ethnic Chinese and the view of nationhood be merged into this article or section. ... Chinese Filipino is an overseas Chinese in the Philippines. ... The Thai Chinese is a group of overseas Chinese born in Thailand. ...


The entire Southeast Asian Chinese diaspora is characterized by their considerable economic fortunes and their susceptibility to discrimination or political exploitation by politicians. This diaspora is commonly referred to as the Nanyang Chinese, 'Nanyang' (南洋) being the Mandarin term for Southeast Asia. Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ... Nanyang (南洋; pinyin nán yáng) is the Chinese name for the geographical region south of China, particularly Southeast Asia. ...


Religion

A majority of the Chinese Malaysia claim to be Buddhist or Taoist, though the lines between them are often blurred and, typically, a syncretic Chinese religion incorporating elements of Buddhism, Taoism, Confucianism and traditional ancestor-worship is practised, with the fact that each individual follows it in varying degrees. About 19% are Christian (Mainstream Protestants, Catholics and other Protestant denominations) and an extremely small number profess Islam as their faith. There is quite a significant number of Christians among the Chinese population in East Malaysia. A replica of an ancient statue found among the ruins of a temple at Sarnath Buddhism is a philosophy based on the teachings of the Buddha, Siddhārtha Gautama, a prince of the Shakyas, whose lifetime is traditionally given as 566 to 486 BCE. It had subsequently been accepted by... For other uses of the words tao and dao, see Dao (disambiguation). ... A replica of an ancient statue of Gautama Buddha, found from Sarnath, near Varanasi. ... For other uses of the words tao and dao, see Dao (disambiguation). ... Confucianist temple Thian Hock Keng in Singapore. ... Hi. ... As a noun, Christian is an appellation and moniker deriving from the appellation Christ, which many people associate exclusively with Jesus of Nazareth. ... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... Islam (Arabic: ; ( (help· info)), submission (to the will of God)) is a monotheistic faith, one of the Abrahamic religions, and the worlds second-largest religion. ...


External links

  • The Peranakan Resource Library - A resource website about Malaysian Peranakan Chinese culture
  • Peranakan For Kids & Teens - A website about Peranakan culture for the young
  • Peranakan Chinese Online Group - A discussion portal about Malaysian Peranakan Chinese culture
  • The Nonya Antiques Online Group - A buying & selling resource of exquisite Peranakan antiques

Famous Chinese Malaysians

Michelle Yeoh January 29, 2004 Dato Michelle Yeoh Choo-Kheng (Chinese: 楊紫瓊; Pinyin: ; born August 6, 1962) is a Hong Kong-based actress and dancer, sometimes billed as Michelle Khan. Yeoh is a Malaysian Chinese born in Ipoh, Malaysia. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon (Traditional: 臥虎藏龍; Simplified: 卧虎藏龙; Hanyu Pinyin: ) is a wuxia (martial arts and chivalry) film released in 2000. ... Memoirs of a Geisha is a novel by Arthur Golden published in 1997. ... Tomorrow Never Dies is the eighteenth James Bond film made by EON Productions, and the second to star Pierce Brosnan as Ian Flemings secret agent, James Bond. ... Tash Aw (born Aw Ta-Shii) is a Malaysian-born writer living in London, England. ... The Man Booker Prize for Fiction, also often known as the Booker Prize, is one of the worlds most prestigious literary prizes, and awarded each year for the best original full-length novel written by a citizen of the Commonwealth or the Republic of Ireland in the English language. ... Tsai Ming-liang (蔡明亮, pinyin: Cài Míngliàng) (born in 1957 in Kuching, Malaysia) is one of the most celebrated Second New Wave film directors of Taiwanese Cinema, along with such contemporaries as Hou Hsiao-Hsien and Edward Yang. ... Daniel Lee Daniel Lee Chee Hun (Simplified Chinese: 李吉汉, Traditional Chinese: 李吉漢, Pinyin: Lǐ Jíhàn) (born July 1, 1982) is a Malaysian singer known most notably for winning the second season of Malaysian Idol. ... Malaysian Idol is the Malaysian version of the Idol Series that started in UK, similar to shows such as UKs Pop Idol and American Idol in the franchise. ... Robert Kuok Hock Nien (郭鶴年, pinyin: Guō Hènián) (born October 6, 1923, in Johor Bahru, in then Malaya) is reputedly the richest man in Malaysia. ... Map of the Pacific Rim and List of the Pacific Rim Nations The USS Abraham Lincoln Battle Group along with ships from Australia, Chile, Japan, Canada, and Korea speed towards Honolulu in RIMPAC 2000. ... Zang Toi is a New York based Malaysian fashion designer. ... Jimmy Choo (Chinese : 周仰傑; pinyin: Zhōu YÇŽngjié) is a Hakka Chinese designer based in London, England. ... Tan Sri Lim Goh Tong (Chinese: 林梧桐; pinyin:Lín Wútóng) is the Malaysian casino king. ... Genting Group was founded in 1964 by Malaysian entrepreneur Tan Sri Lim Goh Tong. ... Tan Sri Vincent Tan Chee Yioun (born 1952; 陳志远, pinyin: Chén ZhìyuÇŽn), commonly known as Vincent Tan, is a businessmen prominent in Malaysia. ... Berjaya Group Berhad is one of the most diversified conglomerates in Malaysia and is headed by Tan Sri Dato Seri Vincent Tan Chee Yioun. ... Angelica Lee Sin Je (Chinese : 李心潔) is a Taiwan-based Malaysian singer and award-winning actress. ... Fish Leong (Chinese : 梁靜茹) or sometimes refers as Jasmine Leong is a Malaysian singer and is very famous in Taiwan music scene. ... Tan Sri Francis Yeoh Sock Ping (Chinese : 楊肅斌; pinyin: Yáng SùbÄ«n) was born on 23rd August 1954. ... YTL Group is one of Malaysias largest conglomerate headed by Tan Sri Dato Seri (Dr) Francis Yeoh Sock Ping. ... John Ling (born September 8, 1983 in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia) is a thriller writer based in New Zealand. ...

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Chinese Malaysian - The Encyclopedia (2317 words)
The Malaysian Chinese have traditionally dominated the Malaysian economy, but with the advent of affirmative action policies by the Malaysian government to protect the interests of ethnic Malays, their share has eroded somewhat.
There are roughly 1,300 Chinese public primary schools (national-type schools) in Malaysia that are all partially government funded (where the wages of teachers are paid by the government while the up-keeping of school buildings is funded by local communities in forms of donations).
A majority of the Chinese in Malaysia claim to be Buddhist or Taoist, though the lines between them are often blurred and, typically, a syncretic Chinese religion incorporating elements of Buddhism, Taoism, Confucianism and traditional ancestor-worship is practised, with the fact that each individual follows it in varying degrees.
Malaysian Chinese Food on MalaysianFood.net (2919 words)
It was during the era of the last European colonists, the British, that a large influx of Chinese journeyed to the Malayan Peninsula for employment.
These early Chinese migrants were guest workers who came with the intention of one day returning to their homeland and families.
Chinese cuisine is generally milder compared to Malay or Indian fare.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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