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Encyclopedia > Chinatowns in Asia
Chinatown
Chinatowns in Africa
Chinatowns in Asia
Chinatowns in Europe
Chinatowns in Latin America
Chinatowns in the Middle East
Chinatowns in North America
Chinatown patterns in North America
Chinatowns in Oceania

Chinatowns in Asia are widespread with a large concentration of overseas Chinese in East Asia and Southeast Asia and ethnic Chinese whose ancestors came from southern China - particularly the provinces of Guangdong, Fujian, and Hainan - and settled in countries such as Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Singapore, the Philippines, Thailand, and Vietnam centuries ago—starting as early as the Tang Dynasty, but mostly notably in the 17th through the 19th centuries (during the reign of the Qing Dynasty), and well into the 20th century. During the years of European colonialism in Southeast Asia, many poor Chinese arrived in these countries to find work, often causing ethnic tension between them and the native population; in particular, between ethnic Chinese Malaysian Buddhists and Malay Malaysian Muslims in the 1960's. These ethnic Chinese arrived from southern mainland China and were mainly Chinese people of Cantonese (Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia, Cambodia, Myanmar), Hakka (Indonesia), Hainanese (Vietnam), Hokkien (Philippines, Singapore, Malaysia, Indonesia, Myanmar), and Teochew/Chaozhou (Cambodia, Laos, Thailand) stock. The largest Chinatown in Asia is located in Yokohama. (See Yokohama Chinatown). These early groups did not identify as hailing from Mainland China, but from their subregion of origin; for example, the Cantonese did not relate to the Hakka people. This article is about sections of an urban area associated with a large number of Chinese residents or commercial activities. ... This article discusses Chinatowns in Africa. ... This article discusses Chinatowns in Europe. ... Chinatowns in Latin America (Spanish: barrios chinos, singular barrio chino) developed with the rise of Chinese immigration in the 19th century to various countries in Latin America as contract laborers (i. ... The prevalence of Chinatowns in the Middle East can be attributed to the many Chinese Muslims living in the Middle East. ... This article surveys individual Chinatowns in North America. ... Chinatown in San Francisco This article discusses Chinatown patterns in North America. ... This article discusses Chinatowns in Oceania. ... This article is about sections of an urban area associated with a large number of Chinese residents or commercial activities. ... Languages various Religions Predominantly Taoism, Mahayana Buddhism, traditional Chinese religions, and atheism. ... East Asia Geographic East Asia. ... Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ... Not to be confused with the former Kwantung Leased Territory in north-eastern China. ...   (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Fu-chien; Postal map spelling: Fukien, Foukien; local transliteration Hokkien from Min Nan Hok-kiàn) is one of the provinces on the southeast coast of the Peoples Republic of China. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... For the band, see Tang Dynasty (band). ... (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Flag (1890-1912) Anthem Gong Jinou (1911) Qing China at its greatest extent. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999... It has been suggested that Benign colonialism be merged into this article or section. ... A Chinese Malaysian (Mandarin: ma lai xi ya hua ren (馬來西亞華人), Hokkien: mah lai se ah hua kiao, Cantonese: mah lah zai wah kew (馬來西亞華僑), Bahasa Malaysia: fill-in) is an overseas Chinese who resides in Malaysia. ... Statues of Buddha such as this, the Tian Tan Buddha statue in Hong Kong, remind followers to practice right living. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ... Cantonese people (Traditional Chinese: 廣東人; Simplified Chinese: 广东人; Pinyin: GuÇŽngdōng rén; Jyutping: gwong2 dung1 yan4), broadly speaking, are persons originating from the present-day Guangdong province in southern China. ... For other uses, see Hakka (disambiguation). ... Hainanese is a dialect of the Min Nan group spoken in the southern Chinese province of Hainan. ... Hoklo (pronounced Holo; Chinese ; Mandarin pronunciation--pinyin: Fulao) can refer to an ethnic-cultural group originating in Fujian province, China. ... Teochiu can refer to: Chaozhou(潮州), a prefecture-level city in Guangdong Province, China. ... For the town of Yokohama in Aomori Prefecture, see Yokohama, Aomori. ... Yokohama Chinatowns Goodwill Gate Yokohama Chinatowns East Gate Temple in Yokohama Chinatown Yokohama Chinatown (Japanese: 横浜中華街, yokohama chÅ«kagai; Traditional Chinese: 橫濱中華街; Mandarin Pinyin: ; Cantonese Jyutping: Waang4 ban1 zung1 waa4 gaai1) is located in Yokohama, Japan. ...


The ethnic Chinese represent a large minority population in most of these countries—with Singapore being the exception where Chinese-origin Singaporeans form the majority of the population. Of all overseas Chinese in Southeast Asia, however, the ethnic Chinese in Vietnam tend to retain the strongest ties to the Chinese culture and language and, hence, remain relatively isolated from the ethnic Vietnamese majority.[citation needed] Chinese Singaporeans and Chinese Filipinos have adopted to British and Filipino ways, respectively. Thai Chineses have generally assimilated into the larger Thai population. For the community association, see Homeowners association. ... Chinese culture has roots going back over five thousand years. ... Language(s) Vietnamese Religion(s) Predominantly Confucian and Mahayana Buddhist (esp. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... A Chinese Filipino (Simplified Chinese: 华菲; Traditional Chinese: 華菲; Hanyu Pinyin: HuáfÄ“i; Hokkien: HuÇŽhÅ«i; Cantonese: Waafei; Tagalog/Filipino: Tsinoy (pronounced ʧɪnÉ”j) derived from two words: Tsino (meaning Chinese) and Pinoy (the slang word for Filipino) is a person with Chinese blood born in the Philippines. ... The Thai Chinese is a group of overseas Chinese born in Thailand. ...

Contents

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 896 KB) Description: Entrance to the Chinatown in Yokohama, Japan. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 896 KB) Description: Entrance to the Chinatown in Yokohama, Japan. ... Yokohama Chinatowns Goodwill Gate Yokohama Chinatowns East Gate Temple in Yokohama Chinatown Yokohama Chinatown (Japanese: 横浜中華街, yokohama chūkagai; Traditional Chinese: 橫濱中華街; Mandarin Pinyin: ; Cantonese Jyutping: Waang4 ban1 zung1 waa4 gaai1) is located in Yokohama, Japan. ... This article is on all of the Northern Chinese dialects. ... For the town of Yokohama in Aomori Prefecture, see Yokohama, Aomori. ...

Specific Asian Chinatowns

Image File history File links Question_book-3. ...

Cambodia

Phnom Penh's Chinatown is on Street 136. Phnom Penh (Khmer: ; official Romanization: Phnum Pénh; IPA: ) is the largest, most populous and capital city of Cambodia. ...


Cambodia experienced ethnic Chinese settlement beginning in the 1400s. In recent decades, a large number of new and more recent Mainland Chinese immigrants have immigrated to Cambodia. Several Cambodian cities are known or suspected to have started out as Chinese settlements. Events Henry IV quells baron rebellion and executes The Earls of Kent, Huntingdon and Salisbury for their attempt to have Richard II of England restored as King Jean Froissart writes the Chronicles Medici family becomes powerful in Florence, Italy Births December 25 - John Sutton, 1st Baron Dudley, Lord Lieutenant of...


India

Most of the Chinese of Calcutta live in or near is a Chinatown in Calcutta. Many Hakka live in a community known as Tangra, which is dominated by leather tanneries (the Hindu majority will not touch cattle) and Chinese restaurants. Another Chinatown is in Byculla, Bombay; however it has diminished in population as many of its Indian-born Chinese ethnic residents have migrated, mainly to major immigrant destinations such as Australia, Canada,the United Kingdom and the United States. [1] The Chinese of Calcutta celebrating the Lunar New Year in Chinatown. ... This article is on Calcutta/Kolkata, the city. ... Bhavna says there are 300 million gods in Hinduism. ... Byculla is a suburb of Mumbai. ... This article or section should be merged with Mumbai Mumbai (previously known as Bombay) is the worlds most populous conurbation, and is the sixth most populous agglomeration in the world. ...


Indonesia

The Pancoran streets and Glodok district of Jakarta on Jalan Gajah Mada (Gajah Mada main street) has a large ethnic Chinese population. In 1998, many Chinatown businesses were burned by indigenous Indonesians and the area suffered from arson during race riots( known as Jakarta Riots of May 1998 ). Many Chinese left Indonesia when their fellow countrymen persecuted them, but there are still large numbers of Chinese Indonesians. Two century before Dutch East India Company in 1740 also massacre them.[1] Pancoran is a small district in West Jakarta, Indonesia. ... Banner photo: Rejected to any kind FalunGong activity Glodok is the Chinatown area in Jakarta, Indonesia. ... Jakarta (also DKI Jakarta), is the capital and largest city of Indonesia. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... The neutrality of this article is disputed. ... For decades, the use of Chinese characters were banned in Indonesia. ... This article is about the trading company. ... Events May 31 - Friedrich II comes to power in Prussia upon the death of his father, Friedrich Wilhelm I. October 20 - Maria Theresia of Austria inherits the Habsburg hereditary dominions (Austria, Bohemia, Hungary and present-day Belgium). ...


Other Indonesian Chinatowns include Gang Semawis and Jalan Pekojan in Semarang. There are also numerous Chinese Indonesians in Surabaya - East Java, Medan - North Sumatra (with Hokkien majority), Pontianak - West Kalimantan (TeoChew majority) and Singkawang - West Kalimantan (Hakka majority, almost 70% of city population). Semarang is a city on the north coast of the island of Java, Indonesia. ... Location of Surabaya in Indonesia Coordinates: , Country Province Area  - Total 459. ... Location of Medan in Indonesia. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


Chinatown in Indonesian is also known as Pecinan.


Japan

Chinatown in Kobe, Japan.

In Japan, ethnic Chinese immigrants are called kakyō. The largest Chinatown in Japan and Asia is located in Yokohama. (See Yokohama Chinatown) (Japanese: Chūkagai). The city of Kobe has a growing Chinatown (See Kobe Chinatown) (Japanese: Nankinmachi). In Nagasaki, its Chinatown (See Nagasaki Chinatown) (Japanese: Shinchimachi) was founded in 1698 AD. Most Chinese immigrants in Japan were from Taiwan who arrived during the Japanese colonial period. Image File history File links China_town_in_Kobe. ... Image File history File links China_town_in_Kobe. ... Chinese people in Japan, also referred to as Kakyō (華僑, literally Chinese sojourners) or Zainichi chÅ«gokujin (在日中国人, literally Chinese people resident in Japan) in the Japanese language and as RìbÄ›n huáqiáo (日本華僑) in the Chinese language, have a history going back for centuries or even millennia. ... Chinese people in Japan, also referred to as Kakyō (華僑, literally Chinese sojourners) or Zainichi chÅ«gokujin (在日中国人, literally Chinese people resident in Japan) in the Japanese language and as RìbÄ›n huáqiáo (日本華僑) in the Chinese language, have a history going back for centuries or even millennia. ... For the town of Yokohama in Aomori Prefecture, see Yokohama, Aomori. ... Yokohama Chinatowns Goodwill Gate Yokohama Chinatowns East Gate Temple in Yokohama Chinatown Yokohama Chinatown (Japanese: 横浜中華街, yokohama chÅ«kagai; Traditional Chinese: 橫濱中華街; Mandarin Pinyin: ; Cantonese Jyutping: Waang4 ban1 zung1 waa4 gaai1) is located in Yokohama, Japan. ... Port Tower at night Kōbe (Japanese: 神戸市; -shi) is a city in Japan, located on the island of Honshu. ... Kobe Chinatown (Nankin-machi) (Japanese: 南京町; Traditional Chinese: 南京街) is located on Kobe, Japan. ... Megane-bashi, the Eyeglasses Bridge Nagasaki (長崎市; -shi) is the capital and the largest city of Nagasaki Prefecture located at the south-western coast of Kyushu, Japan. ... The Japanese colonial period, Japanese rule or the Japanese occupation[1], in the context of Taiwans history, refers to the period between 1895 and 1945 during which Taiwan was a Japanese colony. ...


Korea, North

The North Korean Chinatown is located in capital, Pyongyang. North Korea, officially the Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea (DPRK; Korean: Chosŏn Minjujuŭi Inmin Konghwaguk; Hangul: 조선민주주의인민공화국; Hanja: 朝鮮民主主義人民共和國), is a country in eastern Asia...


Korea, South

South Korea's Chinatowns are located in Incheon and Seoul. Seoul's Chinatown is unofficial. A newly-planned Chinatown is planned for suburban Ilsan and is to be finished by year 2005. Inchon redirects here. ... Short name Statistics Location map Map of location of Seoul. ...


Incheon's Chinatown is Korea's only official Chinatown. It is in Jung-gu and was formed in 1884. It used to be the largest such Chinatown in South Korea before the exodus of Chinese from the county. In 2002, to capitalize on the large number of Mainland Chinese visitors who were visiting South Korea, the Inchon city council planned to revive its moribund Chinatown at a cost of US $6.2 million (worth 6.5 South Korean won). It claims to be the largest Chinatown in South Korea, and features an 11-metre high Chinese-style gateway. Inchon redirects here. ... Year 1884 (MDCCCLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


Busan is also considering reviving its Chinatown. Busan Metropolitan City, also known as Pusan[1] is the largest port city in the Republic of Korea. ...


Due to institutionalized anti-Chinese discrimination during the Park Chung Hee administration and lack of economic opportunities, many ethnic Chinese left South Korea during the 1960 and 1970s for Taiwan or then British Hong Kong of hope for Britain. Since then the actual Chinese populations of many Chinatowns in South Korea declined. Many business in these Chinatowns are actually owned by ethnic Koreans. Park Chung-hee (November 14, 1917 – October 26, 1979) was former ROK Army general and the president of the Republic of Korea from 1961 to 1979. ... Ethnic Chinese in Korea have existed as a recognizable community for at least 120 years. ...


Laos

Vientiane contains a Chinatown on Samsenthai Road. This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


Malaysia

Jalan Petaling (local Cantonese: chi cheong kai), Kuala Lumpur

The term Chinatown is also used in Malay language. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 696 KB) Copyright@Yosri - Release under Common Creative v. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 696 KB) Copyright@Yosri - Release under Common Creative v. ... The Malay language, also known locally as Bahasa Melayu, is an Austronesian language spoken by the Malay people who are native to the Malay peninsula, southern Thailand, Singapore and parts of Sumatra. ...


Kuala Lumpur


Kuala Lumpur was founded by Chinese settlers in the 1800s. Jalan Petaling (or Petaling Street) serves as the centre of Kuala Lumpur's Chinatown, which is predominantly Cantonese-speaking. Today a Green Dragon covers Petaling Street. ... Nickname: Motto: Maju dan makmur (English: Progress and Prosper) Location in Malaysia Coordinates: , Country State Establishment 1857 Granted city status 1974 Government  - Mayor (Datuk Bandar) Datuk Abdul Hakim Borhan From 14 December 2006 Area  - Total 243. ...


Penang


The population of the Chinatown in the city of Penang is mainly Hokkien Chinese. One of the biggest Chinatown in the world. State motto: Bersatu dan Setia (United and Loyal) (formerly Let Penang Lead) State anthem: Untuk Negeri Kita (For Our State) Capital George Town Ruling party Barisan Nasional  - Yang Di-Pertua Negeri Tuan Yang Terutama Abdul Rahman bin Haji Abbas  - Ketua Menteri Tan Sri Dr. Koh Tsu Koon History    - Ceded by...


Malacca


There is a Chinatown in Malacca.


Myanmar

Chinatown in Myanmar is in Yangon. Most Chinese came from mainland China. Yangon (also known as Rangoon) is the largest city of Burma. ...


Philippines

The best-known Chinatown in the Philippines is the district of Binondo in Manila. Many prominent Chinese Filipino families have roots in this district. Among the attractions of Binondo is Divisoria, a shopping area popular with people engaging in bargain shopping. Binondo is a enclave in Manila primarily populated by overseas Chinese who chose to live in the Philippines. ... For other meanings of the word, see Manila (disambiguation). ... A Chinese Filipino (Simplified Chinese: 华菲; Traditional Chinese: 華菲; Hanyu Pinyin: Huáfēi; Hokkien: Huǎhūi; Cantonese: Waafei; Tagalog/Filipino: Tsinoy (pronounced ʧɪnɔj) derived from two words: Tsino (meaning Chinese) and Pinoy (the slang word for Filipino) is a person with Chinese blood born in the Philippines. ...


Chinese settlement—who were predominantly Hokkien—in the Philippines pre-dates the coming of the Spanish in 1521. Chinese merchants have been trading with the indigenous tribes of the islands since the 8th century. During the Spanish occupation, the Chinese held an intermediate place in Filipino society as middlemen between the Spanish upper-class and the native Filipinos or indíos, a derogatory term also used by the Spanish to refer to Native Americans. However, they were forced to live in ghettos such as Binondo. During the rule of Ferdinand Marcos, bitterness against Chinese Filipinos grew, starting in 1972. Most of the community went to Venezuela, or to North America — especially United StatesAustralia, and New Zealand. In the first ever visit to Manila's Chinatown by a Filipino president, President Gloria Arroyo, who is, like most Philippine politicians, of partly-Chinese descent, recognized the efforts and contributions of Chinese Filipinos. Events January 3 - Pope Leo X excommunicates Martin Luther in the papal bull Decet Romanum Pontificem. ... (7th century — 8th century — 9th century — other centuries) Events The Iberian peninsula is taken by Arab and Berber Muslims, thus ending the Visigothic rule, and starting almost 8 centuries of Muslim presence there. ... For the rapper, see Ghetto (rapper). ... Ferdinand Emmanuel Edralín Marcos (September 11, 1917 – September 28, 1989) was President of the Philippines from 1966 to 1986. ... Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... PRESIDENT OF THE PHILIPPINES Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo (born April 5, 1947), also known by her initials GMA, is the current and 14th President of the Republic of the Philippines. ...


As of 2006, plans have been drawn up to construct a newer, but synthetic, Chinatown in shopping mall form along Diosdado Macapagal Avenida in Manila Bay area of Manila, which will rival the nearly 400 year old original Chinatown in the Binondo district. It is dubbed the “Neo Chinatown” to be designed in traditional Chinese architecture and it is joint venture of local Chinese Filipino and Mainland Chinese investors. Neo Chinatown will also attempt to replicate the vibrant nightmarket scene found on the streets of Hong Kong and the Republic of China capital city of Taipei . Photography sunset in Bay City, Pasay (near SM Mall of Asia) Manila Bay is one of the finest natural harbors in the world which serves the port of Manila (on Luzon), in the Philippines. ... A Chinese Filipino (Simplified Chinese: 华菲; Traditional Chinese: 華菲; Hanyu Pinyin: HuáfÄ“i; Hokkien: HuÇŽhÅ«i; Cantonese: Waafei; Tagalog/Filipino: Tsinoy (pronounced ʧɪnÉ”j) derived from two words: Tsino (meaning Chinese) and Pinoy (the slang word for Filipino) is a person with Chinese blood born in the Philippines. ... In this map of China, the light-coloured areas represent Mainland China, while yellow coloured area refers to Taiwan. ... For the Chinese civilization, see China. ... Nickname: Coordinates: , Country Region City seat Xinyi District (信義區) Government  - Mayor Hau Lung-bin (KMT)1 E9 Area  - City 271. ...


Russia

Many early immigrants to Russia were from the provinces of Hebei, Shandong, Shaanxi and Shanxi in Mainland China. The earliest of immigrants come in the 1860s and 1870s, mainly to the Siberia. They helped build the Trans-Siberian Railroad. An early Chinatown in Vladivostok was established in 1860s. Nearly all ethnic Chinese in Russia returned to Mainland China after the Alexander Kerensky and his liberal supporters took power in Russia in 1917. Hebei (Chinese: 河北; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Ho-pei; Postal System Pinyin: Hopeh) is a northern province of the Peoples Republic of China. ...   (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Shan-tung) is a coastal province of eastern Peoples Republic of China. ...   (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ShÇŽnxÄ«; Wade-Giles: Shan-hsi; Postal map spelling: Shensi) is a north-central province of the Peoples Republic of China, and includes portions of the Loess Plateau on the middle reaches of the Yellow River as well as the Qinling Mountains across the... Shanxi (Chinese: 山西; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Shan-hsi; Postal System Pinyin: Shansi) is a province in the northern part of the Peoples Republic of China. ... This article is about Siberia as a whole. ... Trans-Siberian line in red; Baikal Amur Mainline in green. ... Vladivostok (Russian: ) is the administrative center of Primorsky Krai, Russia, situated close to the Russo-Sino border and North Korea. ... Alexander Kerensky This article is about the Russian politician. ...


A Chinatown district has cropped up in the Ural city of Yekaterinburg. [2]


The Chinatown of Ussuriysk, north of the city of Vladivostok and near the Heilongjiang province of mainland China. It is known in Russian as kitaiskii gorodok (Китайский Городок). Most ethnic Chinese living in this easternmost portion of Russia are from Mainland China. (photo) The city of Ussuriysk (Russian: Уссурийск) sits in the middle of a fertile valley at the junction of three rivers in Primorsky Krai, Russia, at 43. ... Vladivostok (Russian: ) is the administrative center of Primorsky Krai, Russia, situated close to the Russo-Sino border and North Korea. ... Heilongjiang (Simplified Chinese: 黑龙江省; Traditional Chinese: 黑龍江省; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Postal System Pinyin: Heilungkiang) is a province of the Peoples Republic of China located in the northeastern part of the country. ...

See also: Chinatowns in Europe#Russia

This article discusses Chinatowns in Europe. ...

Singapore

Main article: Chinatown, Singapore

Singapore, a multi-racial, but predominantly Chinese, country has a relatively large Chinatown in a district to the south of the river originally designated for Chinese settlement by Sir Stamford Raffles. It remains known as Chinatown in English. The local Chinese name for the area is Niú chē shǔi (牛車水) on Telok Ayer Street. The Singaporean Chinatown currently serves as tourist destination, since the Chinese today share similar rights with the rest of the country. The Chinatown Heritage Centre at Pagoda Street occupies three shophouses in Chinatown, newly restored to house memories and untold stories of Singapore’s early forefathers. ... Sir Thomas Stamford Bingley Raffles (6 July 1781 - 5 July 1826) was the founder of the city (now country) of Singapore, and is one of the best-known of the many Britons who created the largest empire the world has ever seen. ... The Chinatown Heritage Centre at Pagoda Street occupies three shophouses in Chinatown, newly restored to house memories and untold stories of Singapore’s early forefathers. ...


See also Chinatownology Singapore Chinatown


Thailand

Chinese Thais of Teochew (Chaozhou) descent are the dominant group of ethnic Chinese, with smaller numbers of those of Cantonese and Hakka origin as well. The Thai Royal Family is of Chinese descent in the paternal line. Teochiu can refer to: Chaozhou(潮州), a prefecture-level city in Guangdong Province, China. ...


Bangkok The Chinatown (Thai: Yaowarat) of Bangkok is located on Yaowarat Road and Sampeng Lane. Location within in Thailand Coordinates: , Country Settled Ayutthaya Period Founded as capital 21 April 1782 Government  - Type Special administrative area  - Governer Apirak Kosayothin Area  - City 1,568. ... Yaowarat Road during daytime Yaowarat Road at night Bangkoks Chinatown is located on Yaowarat Road (เยาวราช) in Samphanthawong district. ...


Phuket The city of Phuket is home to Thailand's second Chinatown, which is on Phang Nga Road. Phuket was founded by early Chinese settlers. Phuket (Thai ภูเก็ต) is one of the southern provinces (changwat) of Thailand. ...


Mae Salong There is a Chinese community in northern Thailand, in a town called Mae Salong near Myanmar. After the defeat and exile of Kuomintang from Mainland China by forces led by Mao Zedong, several Kuomintang army divisions in the Yunnan province fled into neighboring Myanmar. After being expelled from that country, the Mainland Chinese veterans fought Thai communists on behalf of the Thai government and were granted citizenship. Mae Salong was established by veterans of the Kuomintang army 93rd Division. Many of Thai-born Chinese generations have relocated to Taiwan, though their fathers and grand-fathers, refuse because of an owed apology from the KMT for refusing them in the 1950's and 1960's. They have since made a retirement home-styled town, called "the home to the glorious people" (榮民之家) Today, Mae Salong is a spot for tourists from Taiwan and Mainland China. Map of Santikhiri. ... The Kuomintang of China (abbreviation KMT) [1], also often translated as the Chinese Nationalist Party, is a political party in the Republic of China (ROC), now on Taiwan, and is currently the largest political party in terms of seats in the Legislative Yuan, and the oldest political party in the... Mao redirects here. ... Yunan redirects here. ...


Vietnam

Binh Tay (Bình Tây), the main market in Cho lon (Chợ Lớn - Big Market)

Ethnic Chinese have been moving to Vietnam for centuries. During the transition of power from Ming Dynasty to Qing Dynasty in China, many anti-Qing elements fled prosecution and came to Vietnam. To avoid angering the Qing government, Vietnam government decided to send them south to populate the scarcely populated area. They pioneered many settlements in the south of the country including Saigon (Sài Gòn - Vietnamese polyphonic version of the Cambodian name), or as it is known today, Ho Chi Minh City (Hồ Chí Minh). Ho Chi Minh City's Chinatown is the Cholon district which has been a stronghold for the Chinese-Vietnamese community since the late 1770s, when many Cantonese and Teochew Chinese arrived during French imperialism. Its main thoroughfares are Nguyen Trai Street (Nguyễn Trãi) and Tran Hung Dao Street (Trần Hưng Đạo). The Cholon area was the bastion of ethnic Chinese Vietnamese free enterprise until the Vietnamese communist government confiscated private property in the area. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 672 KB) Summary Binh Tay Market in Cho Lon, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 672 KB) Summary Binh Tay Market in Cho Lon, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. ... Saigon redirects here. ... Quan Am Pagoda, a famous Chinese temple in Cholon Cholon (Vietnamese: quoc ngu ; chu nom ) is the name of the Chinese district of Ho Chi Minh City (the former Saigon), the largest such Chinatown district in Vietnam. ... For the community association, see Homeowners association. ... Free Enterprise is am economic system characterized by private or corporate ownership of capital goods; investments that are determined by private decision rather than by state control; and determined in a free market. ...


Prior to Sino-Vietnamese War the Vietnamese government decided to expel the Sino-Vietnamese from the Northern part of the country hence the second wave of boat people many of whom went to China. Combatants Peoples Republic of China Socialist Republic of Vietnam Commanders Yang Dezhi Văn Tiến Dũng Strength 300,000+[1] 100,000+ from regular army divisions and divisions of the Public Security Army Casualties Disputed. ...


After the period of the Vietnam War and Sino-Vietnamese War (the late 1970s and early 1980s), many Chinese Vietnamese (called in Vietnamese the Viet Hoa) along with their ethnic Vietnamese, or the Viet Kinh, compatriots fled the country as "boat people". However, this third wave were mostly ethnic Vietnamese. As a result, there are many overseas Chinese Vietnamese communities in Australia, Canada, France, Germany, and the United States. Nevertheless, Vietnam still has a reminant ethnic Chinese community. Combatants Republic of Vietnam United States Republic of Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand The Philippines National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam Democratic Republic of Vietnam People’s Republic of China Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea Strength US 1,000,000 South Korea 300,000 Australia 48,000... Combatants Peoples Republic of China Socialist Republic of Vietnam Commanders Yang Dezhi Văn Tiến Dũng Strength 300,000+[1] 100,000+ from regular army divisions and divisions of the Public Security Army Casualties Disputed. ... For other uses, see Boat people (disambiguation). ...


Discrimination and anti-Chinese sentiment

The overseas Chinese have suffered from de jure institutionalized discrimination by several governments and local populations, particularly in Cambodia under the Khmer Rouge, Indonesia under President Suharto and the previously communist government of Vietnam. They have been called the analogous "Jews of the East", a phrase coined by Thailand's King Rama VI many decades ago. Indeed, for many years, Indonesia banned any expression of Chinese culture and heritage in the country. In Vietnam, ethnic Chinese suffered equally under Ho Chi Minh and Ngo Dinh Diem. Under the President Park Chung Hee of South Korea, anyone considered a foreigner - including the multi-generation Korean-born Chinese Korean - could not own land. In the 1960s, there were anti-Chinese riots in Myanmar. As a result of such policies and anti-Chinese sentiment, many overseas Chinese - especially those living in Vietnam, Cambodia, and Indonesia - usually fled their adopted country, either voluntarily as refugees or involuntarily as exiles. Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... Some of the Khmer Rouge leaders during their period in power. ... Suharto GCB (born June 8, 1921) is a former Indonesian military and political leader. ... This article is about the form of society and political movement. ... Statue of His Majesty King Rama VI of Siam in Lumphini Park, central Bangkok Vajiravudh (January 1, 1880 - November 25, 1925) (also known as Rama VI, reigning title Phra Mongkut Klao Chaoyuhua) was King of Siam (now Thailand) from 1910 until his death. ... For the city named after him, see Ho Chi Minh City. ...   «ngoh dihn zih-ehm» (January 3, 1901 – November 2, 1963) was the first President of South Vietnam (1955–1963). ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In 1997, the Asian financial crisis loomed over Asia and caused political turmoil, especially in Indonesia. Although several Southeast Asian leaders such as Malaysia's Prime Minister blamed the Western-dominated International Monetary Fund for the economic problems, many Indonesians took to the streets and blamed Chinese Indonesians who dominated the Indonesian economy for their economic woes. Angry Indonesian rioters destroyed Jakarta's Chinatown area, businesses run by ethnic Chinese, and homes throughout in the country. However, in Malaysia and Singapore, ethnic Chinese are not known to have suffered any maltreatment or abuse, which was in line with the national practice of racial unity with the Malays and Indians. For the band, see 1997 (band). ... The Asian financial crisis was a financial crisis that started in July 1997 in Thailand and affected currencies, stock markets, and other asset prices in several Asian countries, many considered East Asian Tigers. ... IMF redirects here. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


External links

  • http://www.chinatownology.com Singapore Chinatown
  • Welcome to Hakka Community - Twilight descends on Calcutta's Chinatown
  • Singapore's Chinatown
  • The Chinatown of Malacca, Malaysia

References

  1. ^ http://www.nationaalarchief.nl/amh/detail.aspx?page=dafb&lang=en&id=1897#tab0

  Results from FactBites:
 
Article about "Chinatown" in the English Wikipedia on 24-Apr-2004 (6771 words)
Chinatowns were formed in the 19th century in many areas of the United States and Canada as a result of discriminatory land laws which forbade the sale of land to Chinese outside of a restricted geographical area and which promoted the segregation of people of different ethnicities.
The suburban Chinatowns were generally established in the 1970s, and were the result of two factors: The relaxation of Chinese immigration restrictions (the Chinese Exclusion Acts previously enacted in 1882 in the United States and in 1923 in Canada), and the passage of laws that forbade racial discrimination in real estate.
Chinatowns are found in the Australian cities of Sydney, New South Wales, Melbourne, Victoria and Fortitude Valley (a suburb of Brisbane, Queensland).
Chinatowns in Asia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2020 words)
The South Korean Chinatown of Incheon is in the Chung district and was formed in 1884.
The population of the Chinatown in the city of Penang is mainly Hokkien Chinese.
The Chinatown of Ussuriysk, north of the city of Vladivostok and near the Heilongjiang province of mainland China.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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