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Encyclopedia > Chinatown, Toronto
Toronto Downtown Chinatown, Spadina & Dundas.

The Greater Toronto Area in Ontario, Canada, has at least six Chinatowns (Chinese: 多倫多唐人街/duo lun duo tang ren jie', Vietnamese: khu Hoa kieu, thanh pho Toronto) — three are located within the city's boundaries, while the other three are located in adjacent suburbs. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (933x924, 884 KB) I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (933x924, 884 KB) I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... A map of Torontos Census Metropolitan Area, which contains a large portion of the Greater Toronto Area. ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor James K. Bartleman - Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 106 - Senate seats 24 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st) Area [1] Ranked... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Toronto has the largest Chinese community in Canada, and it ranks among the largest in North America. It has expanded significantly, parallelling Toronto's economic growth, and also because language laws in Quebec persuaded many Chinese to move from Montreal to Toronto. The Official Language Act of 1974 (French Loi sur la langue officielle), also known as Bill 22, is an act of the National Assembly of Quebec which made French the sole official language of Quebec, a province of Canada. ...

Contents

Old Chinatown

Typical Chinatown restaurant window along Spadina at night.

Toronto has the one of the largest Chinatowns in North America. It is centred around the intersection of Dundas Street West and Spadina Avenue, and extends outward from this point along both streets. It has grown significantly over the years and has come to reflect a diverse set of Asian cultures through its shops and restaurants, including Chinese, Vietnamese, and Thai. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 596 pixelsFull resolution (2576 × 1920 pixel, file size: 589 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) self made I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 596 pixelsFull resolution (2576 × 1920 pixel, file size: 589 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) self made I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU... Dundas Street showing the 506 Carlton Streetcar (the 505 Dundas Street streetcar also runs along Dundas), with Art Gallery of Ontario (AGO) in background. ... View of Spadina Avenue, looking north from its intersecton with Dundas Street. ...


Toronto's original Chinatown was located on Dundas Street West and Bay Street. When the City began construction on the current City Hall in the 1960s, Chinese-oriented stores and homes formerly in the old district were required to close down and move shop, so that the area could be cleared for the new building. Consequently, the Chinese community migrated westward to Chinatown's current location. A handful of Chinese businesses still remain around Bay and Dundas. Torontos Bay Street in the heart of the financial district. ... Toronto City Hall The upper left hand corner of this picture is where Toronto City Hall would be built. ...


Since the late 1990s, Toronto's oldest (surviving) Chinatown is struggling to redefine itself in the face of an ageing Chinese population, recent declines in tourism, and the lure of the suburban Chinatowns that continue to draw money and professional immigrants away from downtown. Unlike the newer Chinatowns in the suburbs, Dundas and Spadina relies heavily on tourism and Chinese seniors. Younger, higher-income immigrants from the Chinese mainland, Taiwan, and Hong Kong have moved out, so those left in the district are typically from older generations who depend on downtown's dense concentration of services and accessibility to public transportation. Ethnic Chinese from Vietnam are now the faces of old Chinatown Toronto and turning some parts into Little Saigon. While the ageing population shrinks however, so too do the revenues of businesses in the district; while the majority of the grocery stores and shops still survive, most of the once-famed restaurants on Dundas have closed since the turn of the century. Also the area is also seeing a surge in Latin American immigrants, they too are changing the face of the old Chinatown.


An influx of University of Toronto and Ryerson University students seeking affordable housing, coupled with the location of the Ontario College of Art and Design adjacent to Chinatown, has accelerated gentrification of the district, bringing in young professionals to the area. The changing landscape of the district's population would bring a more multicultural flavour to the district, but could potentially eliminate its identity as a "Chinatown". The University of Toronto (U of T) is a public research university in the city of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Ryerson University is a public university located in downtown Toronto, Canada. ... The Ontario College of Art & Design is Ontarios premier school devoted entirely to art and design. ... The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ...


A list of Chinese malls in the area:

  • Dragon City
  • Chinatown Centre (Toronto)

East Chinatown

Looking south from Broadview Avenue onto East Chinatown

As property values increased in downtown Chinatown, many Chinese Canadians migrated to Toronto's east end in Riverdale. A second, somewhat smaller, Chinese community was formed, centred on Gerrard Street East between Broadview Avenue and Carlaw Avenue. Chinese-Vietnamese and mainland Chinese immigrants dominate this district. East Chinatown, though, is somewhat smaller than Toronto's main Chinatown, but is growing. The main part of East Chinatown is located between Broadview Avenue, and Carlaw Avenue, on Gerrard Street. At the north-most corner of East Chinatown (NW corner, Broadview & Gerrard Street), there is the Riverdale branch of the Toronto Public Library. This branch is quite bilingual in Chinese and English. East Chinatown can be accessed by taking the 504 King, the 505 Dundas, or the 506 Carlton TTC streetcars. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Broadview Avenue is a street in east end Toronto and travels along the east side of the Don River. ... Riverdale Park is a large park spanning the Lower Don River, Toronto, Ontario, Canada between Cabbagetown to the west and Broadview Avenue in Riverdale to the east. ... The Hoa (Vietnamese: Viet Hoa, Chu Nom/Chinese character: 華, Mandarin: Yuènán huárén (越南華人), Cantonese: yuet naam wah kiu (越南華僑)) also referred to as either Chinese Vietnamese, Vietnamese Chinese, Sino-Vietnamese, or ethnic Chinese from Vietnam, are a Chinese minority in Vietnam. ... Broadview Avenue is a street in east end Toronto and travels along the east side of the Don River. ... Gerrard Street is a street in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Gerrard Street is a street in Toronto, Canada. ... Logo of the Toronto Public Library Toronto Reference Library The Toronto Public Library is the largest public library system in Canada and the second busiest (by number of visits) in the world after the Hong Kong Public Library. ... The term bilingualism (from bi meaning two and lingua meaning language) can refer to rather different phenomena. ... The 504 King and 508 Lake Shore are streetcar routes operated by the Toronto Transit Commission in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... The 505 Dundas is a streetcar line run by the Toronto Transit Commission in Toronto, Ontario. ... The 506 Carlton is a streetcar line run by the Toronto Transit Commission in Toronto, Ontario. ... The Toronto Transit Commission (TTC) is a public transport authority that operates buses, streetcars, subways, and rapid transit lines in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... a historic postcard showing electric trolley-powered streetcars in Richmond, Virginia, where Frank J. Sprague successfully demonstrated his new system on the hills in 1888 A streetcar is a railway vehicle designed to carry passengers on tracks, usually laid in city streets. ...


Scarborough-Agincourt

Agincourt, a Scarborough neighbourhood, saw an influx of Hong Kong Chinese and Taiwanese during the 1980s, especially around Sheppard Avenue and Midland Avenue. Since the development of Agincourt's Dragon Centre Mall in the 1980s, it has become a booming "Chinatown" and was the vanguard for the proliferation of "Chinese malls", large malls with restaurants and stores catering specifically to the Chinese community, across the GTA. Agincourt is a very diverse community in Scarborough, the eastern portion of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Country Canada Province Ontario Established 1 January 1850 (township)   1 January 1967 (borough) Incorporated Amalgamation June 1983 (city) 1 January 1998 Government  - Mayor David Miller (Toronto Mayor)  - Governing Body Toronto City Council  - MPs John Cannis, Jim Karygiannis, Derek Lee, John McKay, Dan McTeague, Tom Wappel  - MPPs Bas Balkissoon, Lorenzo Berardinetti...


Since 2000, the Agincourt Chinese population is spread thinly and many are leaving for communities north of Toronto. Pockets of Chinese areas are likely to remain, but they will be less vibrant when compared to the late 1980s and early 1990s.


A list of Chinese malls in the Agincourt area:

  • Oriental Centre
  • Dragon Centre
  • Chartwell Centre
  • Splendid China Tower
  • Miliken Square
  • Finch and Midland Square
  • Midland Court
  • Silverland Centre
  • Scherwood Centre
  • Midland Village
  • Cathay Plaza
  • Prince Mall
  • Mandarin Shopping Centre
  • Pearl Place
  • Miliken Wells Shopping Centre
  • Chartwell Shopping Centre
  • Centreview Square
  • Regency Court

Smaller plazas containing restaurants and supermarkets have proliferated in the 1980s; at the Finch Avenue/Leslie Street intersection, the offices and shops around Victoria Park Avenue and McNichol Avenue, and the Finch Avenue/Kennedy Road intersection. These often compete with and complement the Agincourt Chinatown. The Finch-Leslie plaza is still thriving, due to the relative wealth of North York, though its patronage has now diversified. However, the gradual departure of the northern Scarborough Chinese clientèle has led to the decline of both Victoria Park-McNichol and Finch-Kennedy.


Mississauga

Mississauga's growing Chinese population is spread out across the vast suburb, but the commercial community has been traditionally centred around the Chinese Centre, located at 888 Dundas Street East, just east of Cawthra Road. This large complex, built during 1978, was constructed to reflect China's cultural heritage; an elaborate gate greets visitors on Dundas Street, with a Nine Dragon mural just inside, while red towers with pagoda-styled roofs abound. Growth of this Chinatown is limited, but Mississauga's Chinatown remains an active community. Nickname: Motto: Pride in our past, Faith in our future Location of Mississauga in the Regional Municipality of Peel in the province of Ontario Coordinates: , Country  Canada Province  Ontario Region Peel Established 1968, as a town Incorporated 1974, as a city Government  - City Mayor Hazel McCallion  - Local government Mississauga City... One of the formal entrances or Paifang to Chinatown in London, England. ... A pagoda at Sibu, Sarawak, Malaysia This article is about the building style. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


The second newer stretch includes markets and restaurants in strip mall plazas close to the intersection of Burnhamthorpe Rd. West at Central Parkway (near the Erindale GO station) which remains in the growth phase catering mostly to the needs of the growing Chinese population in the city who live nearby. Example of a small strip mall. A strip mall (also called a plaza) is a shopping center where the stores are arranged in a row, with a sidewalk in front. ... Erindale GO train station is a station on the GO Transit train network along the Milton rail corridor in the Greater Toronto Area, Ontario, Canada. ...


A list of Chinese malls in Mississauga:

  • Mississauga Chinese Centre/Sino Mall
  • Golden Plaza
  • Golden Square Centre
  • Dixie Park
  • The Chase Square
  • Newin Centre
  • Erindale Business Centre
  • Deer Run Shopping Centre

North York

The former city is home a large pockets of Chinese immigrants, but there are only a few malls serving it and mostly located in the east end:

  • Finch Leslie Square

Richmond Hill

During the 1990s, wealthy Chinese immigrants, primarily from Hong Kong, moved directly to suburban Richmond Hill, where they set up businesses and shops catering to that community. Motto: En la rose, je fleuris (French for Like the rose, I flourish) Map showing Richmond Hills location in York Region Country Canada Province Ontario Region York Region Incorporated 1873 Government  - Mayor Dave Barrow  - Governing Body Richmond Hill Town Council  - MPs Bryon Wilfert (Richmond Hill) Population (2006)[1]  - City...


Many shops and restaurants were established in suburban-style shopping malls and plazas (such as Times Square, Commerce Gate, and First Markham Place) along a stretch of Highway 7 between Bayview and Leslie Street. The most intense development is concentrated around the Commerce Valley Drive/Beaver Creek Road loop. This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Bayview Avenue is a major north-south route in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Leslie Street is a north-south route in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ...


Similarly thriving Chinese plazas in Markham are also on Highway 7, just several kilometres east and many families often visit both communities on the same day.


A list of Chinese malls and plazas in the Richmond Hill area:

  • Times Square
  • Commerce Gate
  • Wycliffe Village
  • Shoppes of the Parkway
  • Ho-View Place
  • Lexus Bayview Square
  • Goldenview Centre
  • Jubilee Square
  • Richlane
  • Glen Cameron Place

Markham

Markham's experience as a suburban Chinatown is similar to that of neighbouring Richmond Hill and emerged in the 1990s, though the developments are more spread out through the municipality. Map showing Markhams location in York Region Coordinates: , Country Canada Province Ontario Regional Municipality York Region Communities Buttonville, Thornhill, German Mills, Milliken, Unionville Settled 1794 Incorporated 1972 (town) Government  - Mayor Frank Scarpitti  - Deputy Mayor Jim Jones  - Regional Councillors Jack Heath, Tony Wong, Gordon Landon  - MPs Susan Kadis (LPC) - Thornhill...


Highway 7 between Woodbine and Warden Avenues has malls of shops and restaurants, though less intensely developed than that of Richmond Hill a few kilometres west. Another older plaza is at the southwest quadrant of Highway 7 and Kennedy Road. Kennedy Road is a north-south street in Scarborough, Ontario, which is part of Toronto. ...


The most well-known Chinese mall in Markham is the Pacific Mall, at Kennedy Road and Steeles Avenue East, which, combined with neighbouring Market Village Mall and Splendid China Tower, forms the largest Chinese shopping mall in North America, with over 400 stores between the three complexes. Pacific Mall is an Asian themed shopping centre located in Markham, Ontario, Canada. ... Market Village Mall is a Chinese themed mall in Markham, Ontario at the corner of Steeles Avenue and Kennedy Road and is one of the largest Chinese malls in Toronto and in North America with 325,000 square feet of retail space and over 170 stores. ... Splendid China Tower is the newest Chinese-themed retail condominium in Toronto and completed in Feburary 2007. ...


Markham itself has the largest proportion of Chinese among all the GTA municipalities. In the 1980s and early 1990s, then-Mayor Tony Roman was leading trade delegations to Asia in which he promoted Markham as a great place to live and invest. While influx new immigrants brought many jobs and much wealth to the areas they settle, their presence and "Chineseness" became a target of racial intolerance from some. In 1995, Deputy Mayor of Markham Carole Bell argued that the concentration of ethnic groups were a cause of social conflict, saying "the weakness of it comes when there is a concentration, when you are getting only one group of people". She went on to say "everything’s going Chinese" in Markham, stating that they were driving away the "back bone of Markham away...the people who run festivals, coach our kids, organize our business communities, Brownies, Guides, Scouts." In response, the twelve mayors of the Greater Toronto Area signed a letter dissociating themselves from Bell’s comment.[1] Anthony Roman (born January 17, 1936 in Velky Ruskov, Czechoslovakia; died October 30, 1992 in Markham, Ontario) was the Mayor of the Town of Markham, Chair of the Regional Municipality of York, and Member of Parliament (MP) for the now extinct riding of York North from 1984 to 1988. ...


A list of Chinese malls and plazas in the Markham area:

Pacific Mall is an Asian themed shopping centre located in Markham, Ontario, Canada. ... Market Village Mall is a Chinese themed mall in Markham, Ontario at the corner of Steeles Avenue and Kennedy Road and is one of the largest Chinese malls in Toronto and in North America with 325,000 square feet of retail space and over 170 stores. ...

In the media

The 1999 Chow Yun-Fat film The Corruptor was set in the New York City Chinatown, with scenes filmed in the Chinatowns of New York and Toronto. Chow Yun-Fat (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; Pinyin: ) (born May 18, 1955) is a Hong Kong actor. ... The Corruptor is a film released in 1999. ...


The television series Kung Fu: The Legend Continues was filmed in Chinatown at Spadina and Dundas for many episodes of its 1993-1997 run. Filmed in Toronto, it portrays the Chinatown of an unidentified major U.S. city.


See also

Toronto, Ontario, is called the city of neighbourhoods because of the strength and vitality of its many communities. ... Canadian Chinese cuisine or Can/Chinese is a popular style of cooking exclusive to take-out and dine-in eateries found across Canada. ... This July 2007 does not cite any references or sources. ...

References

  1. ^ http://www.ccnc.ca/toronto/history/info/info.htm

External links

  • Chinatown Sextet - Chinatowns in the Greater Toronto Area - Comprehensive site on the history and development of Toronto's Chinatowns.
  • Chinatown Toronto Restaurants Guide

  Results from FactBites:
 
Chinatown, Toronto - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (812 words)
Toronto's is the second largest Chinatown in North America and the largest when all six Chinatowns are grouped as one.
Toronto's oldest (surviving) Chinatown is struggling to redefine itself in the face of an aging Chinese population, recent declines in tourism, and the lure of the suburban Chinatowns that continue to draw money and professional immigrants away from downtown.
An influx of University of Toronto and Ryerson University students seeking affordable housing, coupled with the location of the Ontario College of Art and Design adjacent to Chinatown, has accelerated gentrification of the district, bringing in young professionals to the area.
Chinatown, Montreal - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (238 words)
The Chinatown is known as Quartier chinois in French.
Compared to the Chinatowns of Chinatown, Toronto and Chinatown, Vancouver, where many businesses tend to close at dusk and the streets are abandoned at night, Montreal's Chinatown remains a vibrant nightspot for locals and tourists.
A new "Chinatown" has arisen on boulevard Taschereau in the suburb of Brossard, Quebec, where 20% of the population are of Chinese origin.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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