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Encyclopedia > China Central Television
CCTV (中国中央电视台)
Type Television network,
Satellite television and
Cable television
Founded September 2, 1958
Headquarters Beijing, China
Industry Television Broadcasting
Website www.cctv.com

China Central Television or Chinese Central Television, commonly abbreviated as CCTV (simplified Chinese: 中国中央电视台; pinyin: Zhōngguó Zhōngyāng Diànshìtái) is the major television broadcaster in Mainland China. Organizationally, it is a sub-ministry of People's Republic of China's central government within the State Administration of Radio, Film, and Television and as such it does not have any editorial independence from the PRC government. A television network is a distribution network for television content whereby a central operation provides programming for many television stations. ... Satellite television is television delivered by way of communications satellites, as compared to conventional terrestrial television and cable television. ... Coaxial cable is often used to transmit cable television into the house. ... is the 245th day of the year (246th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Jan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Peking redirects here. ... Broadcasting is the distribution of audio and/or video signals which transmit programs to an audience. ... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos or other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... Simplified Chinese character (Simplified Chinese: or ; traditional Chinese: or ; pinyin: or ) is one of two standard sets of Chinese characters of the contemporary Chinese written language. ... Pinyin, more formally called Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), is the most common variant of Standard Mandarin romanization system in use. ... A television network is a distribution network for television content whereby a central operation provides programming for many television stations. ... ... A ministry is a department of a government, led by a minister. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with State Council of the Peoples Republic of China. ... The State Administration of Radio, Film, and Television, or SARFT, (Chinese: ; Pinyin: ) is an executive branch under the State Council of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Freedom of the press (or press freedom) is the guarantee by a government of free public press for its citizens and their associations, extended to members of news gathering organizations, and their published reporting. ...


Its news reporting follows parameters directed by the Propaganda Department of the Communist Party of China. Most of its programming, however, is a mix of comedy and dramatic programming, the majority of which consists of Chinese soap operas. Like many media outlets in China, CCTV has had its state subsidy reduced dramatically in the 1990s, and hence finds it necessary to balance its role as a government agency with the practical fact that it must attract viewers so that it can sell commercial advertising. For other uses, see Propaganda (disambiguation). ... The Communist Party of China (CPC) (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), also known as the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), is the ruling political party of the Peoples Republic of China, a position guaranteed by the countrys constitution. ... The first TIME cover devoted to soap operas: Dated January 12, 1976, Bill Hayes and Susan Seaforth Hayes of Days of our Lives are featured with the headline Soap Operas: Sex and suffering in the afternoon. A soap opera is an ongoing, episodic work of fiction, usually broadcast on television...


In searching for viewers, CCTV has found itself in competition with local television stations (which are also state run) which have been creating increasingly large media groups in order to compete with CCTV.

Contents

History

CCTV first broadcast on September 2, 1958, under the name Beijing Television, after an experimental broadcast on May 1, 1958. The name was changed to CCTV on May 1, 1978. In 2008, the new CCTV Headquarters will open. is the 245th day of the year (246th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Jan. ... China Beijing TV Station (Chinese: 北京电视台, Pinyin: běi jīng diàn shì tái) is a government-owned television network in the Peoples Republic of China and is chiefly broadcast in the Chinese language. ... is the 121st day of the year (122nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Jan. ... is the 121st day of the year (122nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar). ... 2008 (MMVIII) will be a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (common) era, in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... Design of new CCTV headquarters by Rem Koolhaas CCTV Headquartes is a skyscraper that is currently under construction in Beijing, China. ...


At the end of 1980s, like many other Chinese TV stations, CCTV only had one channel. At that time, it only had evening programs, with the broadcast usually ending at midnight. During the summer and winter time, it occasionally broadcast during daytime for the students who were on their breaks.


Today, CCTV has 16 national channels, most with 24-hour broadcasting, and a High Definition channel at times airing certain US programs such as CSI: New York, CSI: Miami and Lost, Documentaries, Movies, and new Chinese television series shot in HD. High-definition television (HDTV) is a digital television broadcasting system with greater resolution than traditional television systems (NTSC, SECAM, PAL). ... CSI: NY (working title CSI: New York) is an American police procedural television series which premiered on September 22, 2004. ... CSI: Miami is a spinoff of the popular CBS network series CSI: Crime Scene Investigation. ... “LOST” redirects here. ...


Programs

Its thirty-minute evening news, Xinwen Lianbo ("network news", "news relay"), which is broadcast at 7:00 PM Beijing Time, is the most important news program in China which mainland Chinese watch to keep up with the government's politics. Although news reform has been a prominent feature of CCTV networks, the Evening News has remained relatively the same since its first appearance in the early 1980s, having mainly focused on leaders receiving foreign guests and going on visits to foreign countries, the CPC's leaders having top meetings or conferences, and stories of courage that are supposed to exemplify one form or another of communism. Many important political news stories are broadcast through that program. This program is uploaded onto YouTube daily by Duowei, a Chinese news network. Xinwen Lianbo (Simplified Chinese: ; Pinyin: ) is a daily news programme produced by China Central Television. ... YouTube is a popular video sharing website where users can upload, view and share video clips. ...


Its yearly special program of celebrating the Chinese New Year, the CCTV New Year's Gala, is undoubtedly the most watched program. In 2007 research data shows that the Gala was watched by over 800 million people all over the world. It started in the early 1980s. Each year, some singers and comedians become famous because of their single performance on that night. The CCTV New Years Gala is the arguably the premier mainland Chinese television event of the year. ...


Personalities

Main article: China Central Television personalities

Producing a variety of different programming, China Central Television has a number of different program hosts, news anchors, correspondents, and contributors which appear throughout daily programing on the network. A news anchor (US,Can. ... The Contributor was an official publication of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints between 1879 and 1896. ...


CCTV-1 (National network) anchors

This is a Chinese name; the family name is Li Li Yong (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; born in Xinjiang in 1968 is a leading host on China Central Television (CCTV). ... The CCTV New Years Gala is the arguably the premier mainland Chinese television event of the year. ...

CCTV-9 (English network) program hosts

  • Zhao Bin - Documentary
  • Dang Bing - Nature and Science
  • James Chau - World Insight
  • Yin Chen - Culture Express
  • Li Dongning (newscaster) - CCTV News
  • Helen Feng - Centre Stage
  • Liang Honn - Asia Today
  • Jennifer Hsiung - Sports Scene
  • Eyee Hsu - Up Close
  • Zhu Jun - Around China
  • Edwin Maher - CCTV News
  • Mark Rowswell - Communicate in Chinese
  • Tian Wei - Dialogue
  • Ji Xiao Jun - Culture Express, New Frontiers
  • Liu Xin - World Wide Watch
  • Ja Thamrong - Biz China

Edwin Maher is a New Zealand-born TV journalist who now works in China. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

CCTV-9 correspondents and substitute anchors

  • Shaun Duff - Weather
  • Jennifer Eden - Weather
  • Halla Mohieddeen - Weather

Channels

CCTV has sixteen different channels of programming content and competes with television stations run by local governments (such as BTV and several regional channels) and foreign programming which can be readily received via satellite television. Unlike US channel naming conventions, but similar to the situation in many countries in Europe, most CCTV channels are listed in sequential order with no discerning descriptions, e.g. CCTV-1, CCTV-2, etc. Beijing Television Station is a government-owned television network in the Peoples Republic of China and is chiefly broadcasted in the Chinese language. ... Satellite television is television delivered by way of communications satellites, as compared to conventional terrestrial television and cable television. ... Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from...


The sixteen channels are:

  • CCTV-1 Mixture
  • CCTV-2 Economy
  • CCTV-3 Arts (similar to ARTV {French-Canadian TV network} and France 4)
  • CCTV-4 International, in Chinese
  • CCTV-5 Sports
  • CCTV-6 Movies and series
  • CCTV-7 Military/Agriculture
  • CCTV-8 TV drama
  • CCTV-9 International, in English
  • CCTV-10 Science and Education
  • CCTV-11 Opera
  • CCTV-12 Society and Law
  • CCTV-News -- 24-hour News
  • CCTV-Children -- Children's channel
  • CCTV-Music -- Music
  • CCTV-E&F -- International, in Spanish and French
  • CCTV-HD -- High-definition programming

CCTV-1 is the primary channel of the CCTV (China Central Television ) Network in the Peoples Republic of China. ... CCTV-2 is the economy focused channel of the CCTV (China Central Television) Network in the Peoples Republic of China. ... CCTV-3 is the art focused channel of the CCTV (China Central Television) Network in the Peoples Republic of China. ... ARTV is a Canadian French language cable television specialty channel specializing in the arts and culture; including music, dance, theatre, visual arts, movies, and select hit television series including Ally McBeal and The L Word. ... “Canadiens” redirects here. ... CCTV-4 (Chinese: 中国中央电视台国际频道), is the international broadcast for CCTV International in the Mandarin language. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... CCTV-6 is the movie channel of the CCTV (China Central Television) Network in the Peoples Republic of China. ... CCTV-7 is the military/agricultural focused channel of the CCTV (China Central Television) Network in the Peoples Republic of China. ... CCTV-8 is the television drama channel of the CCTV (China Central Television) Network in the Peoples Republic of China. ... CCTV International or CCTV-9 is a news, entertainment, and educational television channel originating in the Peoples Republic of China. ... CCTV-10 is the science and education focused channel of the CCTV (China Central Television) Network in the Peoples Republic of China. ... CCTV-11 is the opera channel of the CCTV (China Central Television) Network in the Peoples Republic of China. ... CCTV-12 is the law and society focused channel of the CCTV (China Central Television) Network in the Peoples Republic of China. ... CCTV-E&F is an entertainment and news channel of China Central Television (CCTV) originating in the Peoples Republic of China. ...

Overseas broadcasting

Logo of CCTV.com

Outside China, it is possible to receive channels CCTV-4 (overseas channel), CCTV-9 (overseas channel targeted at an English-speaking audience), and CCTV-E&F (overseas channel targeted at Spanish-speaking and French-speaking audiences) via a Digital Video Broadcast signal. CCTV has just recently switched from analog to DVB primarily due to better signal quality and the ability to charge for reception (about 10 USD per year subscription). The aforementioned overseas channels are relayed off many different satellites around the world. Image File history File links CCTVdotcomlogo. ... Image File history File links CCTVdotcomlogo. ... Official DVB logo, found on compliant devices DVB, short for Digital Video Broadcasting, is a suite of internationally accepted open standards for digital television. ... Analog television (or analogue television) encodes television and transports the picture and sound information as an analog signal, that is, by varying the amplitude and/or frequencies of the broadcast signal. ...


The English language CCTV-9 feed is available in the United States on DirecTV channel 455 and Dish Network Channel 265. CCTV-9 is also available in the United States on Time Warner Cable, channel 134 and Cox Cable, channel 322 in most areas. In the United Kingdom, CCTV-9 is available on Sky Digital channel 511. In Barbados, CCTV 9 is available via the subscription service Multi-Choice TV on channel 209. CCTV-9 is also available as a live feed from their website. The Spanish and French service (CCTV E&F) is available on Dish Network Channel 884, but not from DirecTV at this time. The Chinese language channels CCTV-1, CCTV-3 and CCTV-6 are also available via Dish Network's Great Wall TV Package and Rogers Cable in Canada. The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... A standard DirecTV satellite dish with 1 LNB on a roof DirecTV (trademarked as DIRECTV) is a direct broadcast satellite (DBS) service based in El Segundo, California, USA, that transmits digital satellite television and audio to households in the United States, the Caribbean and Latin America except for Mexico. ... DISH Network is a direct broadcast satellite (DBS) service that provides satellite television and audio programming to households and businesses in the United States, owned by parent company EchoStar Communications Corporation. ... Time Warner Cable (NYSE: TWC) is an American national cable television company that operates in 27 states and has 31 operating divisions. ... Cox Enterprises is the successor to the publishing company founded at Dayton, Ohio, by James Middleton Cox, who began with the Dayton Daily News. ... The service known as Multichoice TV is a wirelessly broadcated Cable television service in the country of Barbados. ... DISH Network is a direct broadcast satellite (DBS) service that provides satellite television and audio programming to households and businesses in the United States, owned by parent company EchoStar Communications Corporation. ... Rogers Communications Inc. ...


CCTV-4 split into 3 channels beginning April 1, 2007, namely CCTV International Asia, CCTV International Europe, and CCTV International America, in order to improve service for audiences around the world. is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...


The CCTV channels 1, 4, 5, 6, 8, and 9 can also be obtained for free as peer-to-peer internet feeds through TVUnetworks. The term P2PTV refers to peer-to-peer software applications designed to redistribute video streams or files on a p2p network, typically TV stations across the world. ... TVUnetworks is an Internet-based P2PTV company based in China. ...


See also

Within the Peoples Republic of China (PRC), there is heavy government involvement in the media, with many of the largest media organizations (namely CCTV, the Peoples Daily, and Xinhua) being agencies of the government of the PRC. There are certain taboos and red lines within the media in... This is a list of television channels that are broadcast in Chinese language or offer at least some programming in Chinese. ... The CCTV New Years Gala is the arguably the premier mainland Chinese television event of the year. ...

External links

  • CCTV Official Site (Chinese)
  • CCTV (English)
  • CCTV-HD Official Site (Chinese)

  Results from FactBites:
 
China Central Television - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (432 words)
China Central Television or Chinese Central Television, commonly abbreviated as CCTV (Chinese: 中国中央电视台 pinyin: Zhōngguó Zhōngyāng Diànshìtái), is the major broadcast television network in Mainland China.
Organizationally it is a subministry of the People's Republic of China's central government within the State Administration of Radio, Television, and Film and as such it does not have any editorial independence from the PRC government.
Like many media outlets in China, CCTV has had its state subsidy reduced dramatically in the 1990s, and hence finds it necessary to balance its role as a government agency with the practical fact that it must attract viewers so that it can sell commercial advertising.
China (2461 words)
Then came the Cultural Revolution (1966-1976), during which television's functions became a single one: to publicize, explain, and express "class struggles." Antiimperialism, anti-revisionism, and anti-capitalism policies were erected for fulfilling the task of class struggle.
Television's central task is to serve as the mouthpiece of the leadership, and is regarded as both a political institution and an ideological apparatus.
Television is under the direct leadership and control of the Party and run by the government.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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