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Encyclopedia > Chilota architecture

Chilotan architecture is a unique architectural style that is mainly restricted to Chiloe Island and nearby areas. Chiloé Island Location of Chiloé in Chile Chiloé Island (Spanish: Isla de Chiloé, or Isla Grande de Chiloé [Big Island of Chiloé]) is an island off the Pacific coast of South America, part of Chile. ...


In part because of its physical isolation from the rest of Chile, and access to different materials, ChiloĆ© has a very special architecture that differs a lot from the typical Spanish colonial architecture. The Spanish who arrived in the 16th century, and Jesuit missionaries who followed, constructed hundreds of small wooden churches in an attempt to bring Christianity to a pagan land; the result was a mixing of Catholicism and pagan beliefs. These unique buildings have been designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The Spanish Colonial Revival Style was a United States architectural movement that came about in the early 20th century after the opening of the Panama Canal and the overwhelming success of the novel Ramona. ... (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ... The Society of Jesus (Latin: Societas Iesu), commonly known as the Jesuits, is a Roman Catholic religious order. ... The Churches of Chiloé in Chile are a very interesting phenomenon from the Architectural point of view. ... Christianity is a monotheistic[1] religion centered on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as presented in the New Testament. ... As a Christian ecclesiastical term, Catholic - from the Greek adjective , meaning general or universal[1] - is described in the Oxford English Dictionary as follows: ~Church, (originally) whole body of Christians; ~, belonging to or in accord with (a) this, (b) the church before separation into Greek or Eastern and Latin or... UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State...

Roof shingles in a house of Dalcahue.
Roof shingles in a house of Dalcahue.

Nearly all the houses and buildings in colonial Chiloe were built with wood, and roof shingles were extensively employed. Roof shingles of Fitzroya came to be used as money and called "Real de Alerce". In the late XIX century a lot of palafitos (stilt houses) were built in cities like Castro and Chonchi. The largest (6000 m²) wooden shingle roof in Europe: Zakopane, Poland Roof shingles are a roof covering consisting of individual overlapping elements. ... Binomial name Fitzroya cupressoides (Molina) I.M.Johnst. ... The real was a unit of currency in Spain for several centuries. ... A palafito is an Amerindian stilt village or dwelling erected on bodies of water. ... Stilt houses or pile dwellings are houses raised on stilts over the surface of the soil or a body of water. ... Castro is a city in southern Chile, in Region X Los Lagos. ...


External links

  • The churches of Chiloe at Unesco world heritage site
  • description of the chiloe churches with pictures

 
 

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