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Encyclopedia > Children of Men
Children of Men

Theatrical poster
Directed by Alfonso Cuarón
Produced by Marc Abraham
Eric Newman
Iain Smith
Hilary Shor
Tony Smith
Thomas Bliss
Armyan Bernstein
Written by Novel
P. D. James
Screenplay
Alfonso Cuarón
Timothy J. Sexton
David Arata
Mark Fergus
Hawk Ostby
Uncredited
Clive Owen[1]
Starring Clive Owen
Julianne Moore
Chiwetel Ejiofor
Charlie Hunnam
Clare-Hope Ashitey
Pam Ferris
Danny Huston
Peter Mullan
Michael Caine
Music by John Tavener
Cinematography Emmanuel Lubezki
Editing by Alfonso Cuarón
Alex Rodríguez
Distributed by Universal Pictures
Release date(s) 22 September 2006
Running time 109 minutes
Country United Kingdom
Language English
Budget £37 million
(US$76 million)[2]
Gross revenue US$69,612,678

Children of Men is a 2006 British dystopian science fiction film co-written and directed by Alfonso Cuarón. The Strike Entertainment production was loosely adapted from P. D. James's 1992 novel of the same name by Cuarón and Timothy J. Sexton with help from David Arata, Mark Fergus and Hawk Ostby. It stars Clive Owen, Julianne Moore, Pam Ferris, Claire-Hope Ashitey, Chiwetel Ejiofor, and Michael Caine. For the 2006 film adaptation of the novel, see Children of Men. ... Alfonso Cuarón Orozco (born November 28, 1961 in Mexico City) is an Academy Award-nominated Mexican film director, screenwriter and producer. ... Marc Abraham is an American film producer, and president of Strike Entertainment, a production company he launched in early 2002 with a multi-year, first look arrangement with Universal Pictures. ... Smith produced Seven Years In Tibet with French director Jean Jacques Annaud Iain Smith born (1949 Glasgow, Scotland) is a Scottish film producer, editor and director. ... Tony Smith was born in England. ... Thomas Bliss (born December 13, 1952, Hollywood) is a motion picture producer and executive producer. ... Armyan Bernstein is an american producer, director and screenwriter. ... Phyllis Dorothy James, Baroness James of Holland Park OBE (born 3 August 1920) is an English writer of crime fiction and member of the House of Lords, who writes as P. D. James. ... Alfonso Cuarón Orozco (born November 28, 1961 in Mexico City) is an Academy Award-nominated Mexican film director, screenwriter and producer. ... Clive Owen (born October 3, 1964) is a Golden Globe and BAFTA winning critically acclaimed English actor, now a regular performer in Hollywood and independent American films. ... Clive Owen (born October 3, 1964) is a Golden Globe and BAFTA winning critically acclaimed English actor, now a regular performer in Hollywood and independent American films. ... Julianne Moore (born December 3, 1960) is a four-time Academy Award-nominated, Emmy- and Golden Globe-winning American actress. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Charles Matthew Charlie Hunnam (born 10 April 1980 in Newcastle upon Tyne) is an English actor. ... Clare-Hope Ashitey 12 February 1987 was born in Enfield, London. ... Pam Ferris (born 1 January 1948) is an English actress, who is well known in the United Kingdom for her television career. ... Danny Huston is a Hollywood film director, the brother of actress Anjelica Huston, the son of legendary director John Huston, and the grandson of Academy Award-winning actor Walter Huston. ... Peter Mullan (born in 1959 in Peterhead, Scotland) is a Scottish actor who has been appearing in films since 1990. ... This article is about the English actor. ... John Tavener should not be confused with the sixteenth-century composer John Taverner. ... Emmanuel Lubezki is a Mexican cinematographer born in 1964. ... Alfonso Cuarón Orozco (born November 28, 1961 in Mexico City) is an Academy Award-nominated Mexican film director, screenwriter and producer. ... Alex Rodríguez (born May 18, 1971) is a Mexican film editor with more than twenty film credits. ... Universal Pictures is the main motion picture production/distribution arm of Universal Studios, a subsidiary of NBC Universal. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... USD redirects here. ... The year 2006 in film involved some significant events. ... Utopian fiction is the creation of an ideal world as the setting for a novel. ... Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ... This article is about motion pictures. ... Alfonso Cuarón Orozco (born November 28, 1961 in Mexico City) is an Academy Award-nominated Mexican film director, screenwriter and producer. ... Strike Entertainment is a production company founded in 2002 by Marc Abraham and Thomas Bliss. ... Phyllis Dorothy James, Baroness James of Holland Park OBE (born 3 August 1920) is an English writer of crime fiction and member of the House of Lords, who writes as P. D. James. ... For the 2006 film adaptation of the novel, see Children of Men. ... Clive Owen (born October 3, 1964) is a Golden Globe and BAFTA winning critically acclaimed English actor, now a regular performer in Hollywood and independent American films. ... Julianne Moore (born December 3, 1960) is a four-time Academy Award-nominated, Emmy- and Golden Globe-winning American actress. ... Pam Ferris (born 1 January 1948) is an English actress, who is well known in the United Kingdom for her television career. ... Clare-Hope Ashitey 12 February 1987 was born in Enfield, London. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... This article is about the English actor. ...


Set in the United Kingdom of 2027, the film explores a grim world in which two decades of global human infertility have left humanity with less than a century to survive. Societal collapse, terrorism, and environmental destruction accompany the impending extinction. Meanwhile, the United Kingdom—perhaps the last functioning government—persecutes a seemingly endless wave of illegal immigrant refugees seeking sanctuary. In the midst of this chaos, Theo Faron (Clive Owen) must find safe transit for Kee (Claire-Hope Ashitey), a pregnant African "fugee" (refugee).[3] Infertility primarily refers to the biological inability of a man or a woman to contribute to conception. ... Homo sapiens redirects here. ... For a related concept in sociology, see Social disintegration. ... Terrorist redirects here. ... Illegal immigration is the act of moving to or settling in another country or region, temporarily or permanently, in violation of the law or without documents permitting an immigrant to settle in that country. ... Clive Owen (born October 3, 1964) is a Golden Globe and BAFTA winning critically acclaimed English actor, now a regular performer in Hollywood and independent American films. ... Clare-Hope Ashitey 12 February 1987 was born in Enfield, London. ... A pregnant woman Pregnancy is the process by which a mammalian female carries a live offspring from conception until it develops to the point where the offspring is capable of living outside the womb. ...


The film was released on 22 September 2006 in the UK, 19 October 2006 in Australia and on 25 December 2006 in the U.S., critics noting the relationship between the Christmas opening and the film's themes of hope, redemption, and faith.


Children of Men was not a financial success,[4] but attracted positive reviews from critics and acclaim from filmgoers. The film was recognised for its achievements in screenwriting, cinematography, art direction, and innovative single-shot action sequences, receiving three Academy Award nominations and winning two BAFTA awards. It has gone on to take many accolades after its release, with many critics and associations recognizing it as a contemporary sci-fi classic. A long take is an uninterrupted shot in a film which lasts much longer than the conventional editing pace either of the film itself or of films in general, usually lasting several minutes. ... The 79th Academy Awards ceremony, honoring the best in film for 2006, took place on February 25, 2007 at the Kodak Theatre in Hollywood, California. ... 60th BAFTA Film Awards February 11, 2007 The 60th British Film Awards, given by the British Academy of Film and Television Arts took place on 11 February 2007, and honoured the best films of 2006. ...

Plot

In 2027, no human children have been born in any part of the world for eighteen years. The world has descended into chaos with most governments in the world collapsing, leaving the United Kingdom as one of the only remaining organised societies. Millions of refugees have entered the United Kingdom seeking asylum. As a result of the influx, Britain has become a militarised police state. The British Army occupies the streets and forcefully detains all illegal immigrants and suspected sympathisers. A police state is a political condition where the government maintains strict control over society, particularly through suspension of civil rights and often with the use of a force of secret police. ... The British Army is the land armed forces branch of the British Armed Forces. ...


Theo, an activist turned apathetic bureaucrat, learns that the world's youngest human, an eighteen-year-old, has been stabbed to death. Theo narrowly avoids a café bomb explosion, attributed to the Fishes—an underground resistance group advocating equal rights for all immigrants in Great Britain. Theo visits his friend, Jasper Palmer, a former political cartoonist and aging hippie. Jasper lives in a secluded hideaway in the countryside and spends his time growing marijuana and caring for his catatonic wife. Human rights are rights which some hold to be inalienable and belonging to all humans. ... William Lyon Mackenzie King is freed from his Conscription promise by Johnny Canuck. ... Cannabis, also known as marijuana[1] or ganja (Hindi: गांजा),[2] is a psychoactive product of the plant Cannabis sativa. ... Catatonia is a severe psychiatric and medical condition, characterized by, in catatonic stupor, a general absence of motor activity, and, in catatonic excitement, violent, hyperactive behavior directed at oneself or others but with no visible purpose. ...


Upon his return to London, Theo is kidnapped by the Fishes, who are led by his estranged wife Julian Taylor. Theo is surprised and happy to see her as they parted ways shortly after their young son died during a 2008 flu pandemic. Julian offers Theo money in exchange for his help in obtaining a travel permit for a young refugee girl named Kee. Initially ambivalent, Theo decides to obtain the permits from his cousin Nigel, a government minister. Nigel arranges for the papers which carry a stipulation that Theo must accompany Kee. Theo decides to escort Kee in exchange for more money. An influenza pandemic is a large scale epidemic of the influenza virus, such as the 1918 Spanish flu. ... A minister or a secretary is a politician who holds significant public office in a national or regional government. ...


The trip begins, and Luke, a member of the Fishes, drives Theo, Kee, Julian, and Miriam, a midwife, towards the first security checkpoint. They are ambushed by a group of renegades before they arrive, and Julian is fatally shot. The group buries Julian in the forest, then escapes to a safe house. With Julian dead, Luke becomes the new leader of the Fishes. Midwifery is a blanket term used to describe a number of different types of health practitioners, other than doctors, who provide prenatal care to expecting mothers, attend the birth of the infant and provide postnatal care to the mother and infant. ...


Kee reveals to Theo that she is pregnant, telling him that Julian told her that she should only trust Theo. She also tells him that Julian had intended to take Kee to the Human Project, a group of scientists dedicated to curing infertility who are supposedly based in the Azores. Luke proposes keeping Kee with the Fishes, and she chooses to stay until after the baby is born. Theo suggests that they go public with the information about Kee's baby, but the Fishes argue that Kee's baby will be taken by the government and used for its benefit. Motto:  (Portuguese for Rather die free than in peace subjugated) Anthem:  (national)  (local) Capital Ponta Delgada1 Angra do Heroísmo2 Horta3 Largest city Ponta Delgada Official languages Portuguese Ethnic groups  Portuguese Government Autonomous region  -  President Carlos César Establishment  -  Settled 1439   -  Autonomy 1976  Area  -  Total 2,346 km² (n/a...


Theo awakens to overhear Luke and other high-ranking members of the Fishes discussing the incident that killed Julian. Theo sees the broken motorcycle that was ridden by Julian's killers, and realises that her death was the work of the Fishes, who plan to use Kee's baby as a political tool. Theo wakes Kee and Miriam and they steal a car (a thinly veiled Renault Avantime) and escape to Jasper's house. At Jasper's, Miriam explains that the Human Project's ship Tomorrow is scheduled to arrive at a buoy offshore from the Bexhill detention centre for refugees. Jasper proposes a plan to smuggle them into the camp with the help of his friend, Syd, a guard at Bexhill. The Renault Avantime was a coupé/MPV automobile produced by the French manufacturer Renault (though in fact designed and built by the French manufacturer Matra) between 2001 and 2003. ... Bexhill-on-Sea is a town and seaside resort in the county of East Sussex, in the south of England. ...


After the Fishes discover Jasper's hideout, Theo, Miriam, and Kee escape. Realising that his end is near, Jasper gives Quietus to his wife and dog. He refuses to reveal where Theo, Miriam, and Kee are, and is murdered by the Fishes. Theo and the group meet Syd, and he drives them to Bexhill as faux-prisoners. When Kee begins having contractions while they are loaded onto a refugee bus, Miriam distracts a suspicious guard from noticing Kee's condition by faking religious mania, and is dragged off the bus into detention. For mercy killings not performed on humans, see Animal euthanasia. ... In medicine (obstetrics), a contraction is a forceful motion of the uterus, generated by the release of oxytocin (quick labor) by the pituitary gland, culminating in childbirth. ...


Theo and Kee enter Bexhill, and they meet Syd's contact, Marichka. She provides them a room where Kee gives birth to a girl. Syd reappears the next day and alerts Theo and Kee to the fact that a full-scale uprising among the refugees has broken out. The Fishes have also broken into Bexhill and the British Army is being mobilised to crush the rebellion. When Syd discovers the baby, he attempts to take them hostage in order to collect a bounty. With Marichka's help, they manage to kill him and escape. Marichka then attempts to procure Theo and Kee a boat so they can rendezvous with the Tomorrow. The British Army is the land armed forces branch of the British Armed Forces. ...


The Fishes recapture Kee, but before they can withdraw with her, they come under fire from British troops supported by tanks and armoured vehicles; amid the chaos, Theo tracks Kee and her baby to an apartment building and frees them. Luke shoots at Theo as they make their escape but is killed by a tank shell. When the soldiers and the armed insurgents hear the baby crying, the fighting stops and the combatants look on in awe. Theo, Kee, and the baby leave the building, walking past the astonished soldiers and refugees.


As the fighting resumes, they join Marichka who leads them to a sewer and to a boat which will take them to the rendezvous point. However, when Theo and Kee enter the boat, Marichka refuses to get in, and she pushes the boat away and begins singing to her dog. British fighter planes fly in and destroy Bexhill as Theo rows away. Kee learns that Theo was shot by Luke during their escape. Kee then says she will name her baby "Dylan", after Theo's deceased son (Kee deciding on the name of her baby is a recurring theme in the film). As Theo loses consciousness and slumps to the side of the boat, the Tomorrow emerges from the thick fog and Kee tells baby Dylan that "we're safe now".

Cast

  • Clive Owen as Theo Faron, a former activist whose child died during a flu pandemic.[5] He distracts himself from thinking about the impending extinction of humanity with a bottle of Scotch whisky he keeps in the pocket of his jacket.[6] Theo returns to the world of politics when his ex-wife Julian, now leader of an insurgent group called the Fishes, asks him to transport a young refugee to safety.[5] Theo is the "archetypal everyman" who unwillingly becomes a saviour.[7][8] Cast in April 2005,[9] Owen spent several weeks collaborating with Cuarón and Sexton about his role. Impressed by Owen's creative insights, Cuarón and Sexton brought him on board as a writer.[10] Back-story developing Theo's character was removed during the editing process: a scene showing Theo stealing petrol vouchers from work was cut to emphasise visual over verbal information. "Clive was a big help," Cuarón told Variety. "I would send a group of scenes to him, and then I would hear his feedback and instincts."[11]
  • Julianne Moore as Julian Taylor, a political activist and leader of the militant "Fishes" group. Julian is also Theo's former wife and mother to Theo's deceased child. For Julian, Cuarón wanted an actor who had the "credibility of leadership, intelligence, [and] independence".[10] Moore was cast in June 2005.[12] "She is just so much fun to work with," Cuarón told Cinematical. "She is just pulling the rug out from under your feet all the time. You don't know where to stand, because she is going to make fun of you."[10]
  • Michael Caine as Jasper Palmer, Theo's friend, a retired editorial cartoonist and neo-hippie who grows and smokes cannabis that he also smuggles to Bexhill refugee internment camp. Caine based Jasper on his personal experiences with friend John Lennon;[10] it was the first time he had portrayed a character who would pass gas or smoke cannabis.[13] Cuarón explains, "Once he had the clothes and so on and stepped in front of the mirror to look at himself, his body language started changing. Michael loved it. He believed he was this guy".[13] Michael Phillips of the Chicago Tribune notices an apparent homage to Schwartz (Mort Mills) in Orson Welles' film noir, Touch of Evil (1958). Jasper calls Theo "amigo" — just as Schwartz referred to Ramon Miguel Vargas (Charlton Heston).[14]
  • Claire-Hope Ashitey as Kee, a character who did not appear in the book. The role of an African illegal immigrant was written into the film, based on Cuarón's opinion of the recent single-origin hypothesis of human origins and the status of dispossessed people:[15] "The fact that this child will be the child of an African woman has to do with the fact that humanity started in Africa. We're putting the future of humanity in the hands of the dispossessed and creating a new humanity to spring out of that."[16]
  • Chiwetel Ejiofor as Luke, the replacement leader of the resistance movement.
  • Pam Ferris as Miriam, an ex-midwife who is responsible for looking after Kee as she enters the terminal stage of pregnancy.
  • Danny Huston as Nigel, Theo's cousin, and a high ranking government official. Nigel runs a Ministry of Arts programme "Ark of the Arts", which acquires works of art such as Michelangelo's David, Pablo Picasso's Guernica, and Banksy's British Cops Kissing.

Themes

Hope

Children of Men explores the themes of hope and faith[17] in the face of overwhelming futility and despair.[18][19] The film's source, the novel The Children of Men by P. D. James, describes what happens when society is unable to reproduce, using male infertility to explain this problem.[20][21] In the novel, it is made clear that hope depends on future generations. James writes, "It was reasonable to struggle, to suffer, perhaps even to die, for a more just, a more compassionate society, but not in a world with no future where, all too soon, the very words 'justice,' 'compassion,' 'society,’ 'struggle,' 'evil,' would be unheard echoes on an empty air."[22] Clive Owen (born October 3, 1964) is a Golden Globe and BAFTA winning critically acclaimed English actor, now a regular performer in Hollywood and independent American films. ... An influenza pandemic is a large scale epidemic of the influenza virus, such as the 1918 Spanish flu. ... Scotch whisky is whisky made in Scotland. ... For other uses, see Everyman (disambiguation). ... Look up saviour, savior in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... In narratology, a back-story (also back story or backstory) is the history behind the situation extant at the start of the main story. ... Julianne Moore (born December 3, 1960) is a four-time Academy Award-nominated, Emmy- and Golden Globe-winning American actress. ... This article is about the English actor. ... An editorial cartoonist, also known as a political cartoonist, is an artist who draws cartoons that contain some level of political or social commentary. ... For the British TV show, see Hippies (TV series). ... This article is about the plant genus Cannabis. ... Bexhill-on-Sea is a town and seaside resort in the county of East Sussex, in the south of England. ... John Winston Ono Lennon, MBE (October 9, 1940 – December 8, 1980), (born John Winston Lennon, known as John Ono Lennon) was an iconic English 20th century rock and roll songwriter and singer, best known as the founding member of The Beatles. ... This article is about the plant genus Cannabis. ... // The Chicago Tribune is a major daily newspaper based in Chicago, Illinois and owned by the Tribune Company. ... Homage to muralist Eva Cockcroft in the East Village of New York City. ... George Orson Welles (May 6, 1915 – October 10, 1985) was an Academy Award-winning American director, writer, actor and producer for film, stage, radio and television. ... Touch of Evil (1958) is an American film considered one of the last examples of film noir in the genres classic era (from the early 1940s until the late 1950s). ... Charlton Heston (born October 4, 1924) is an US-american film actor, known for playing larger-than-life heroic roles such as Moses in The Ten Commandments, Colonel George Taylor in Planet of the Apes, and Judah Ben-Hur in Ben-Hur. ... Clare-Hope Ashitey 12 February 1987 was born in Enfield, London. ... Map of early human migrations according to mitochondrial population genetics In paleoanthropology, the recent single-origin hypothesis (RSOH, or Out-of-Africa model, or Replacement Hypothesis) is one of two accounts of the origin of anatomically modern humans, Homo sapiens. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Pam Ferris (born 1 January 1948) is an English actress, who is well known in the United Kingdom for her television career. ... Danny Huston is a Hollywood film director, the brother of actress Anjelica Huston, the son of legendary director John Huston, and the grandson of Academy Award-winning actor Walter Huston. ... DCMS Logo DCMS headquarters in Cockspur Street The Department for Culture, Media and Sport (sometimes abbreviated DCMS) is a department of the British government. ... For other uses, see Michelangelo (disambiguation). ... Michelangelos David, sculpted from 1501 to 1504, is a masterpiece of Renaissance sculpture and one of Michelangelos two greatest works of sculpture, along with the Pietà. It is the statue of the young Israelite king David alone that almost certainly holds the title of the most recognizable stone... Picasso redirects here. ... Guernica is a painting by Pablo Picasso, depicting the Nazi German bombing of Guernica, Spain, by twenty-eight bombers, on April 26, 1937 during the Spanish Civil War. ... Banksy is a well-known pseudo-anonymous[1] English graffiti artist. ... For other uses, see Hope (disambiguation). ... For the 2006 film adaptation of the novel, see Children of Men. ... Phyllis Dorothy James, Baroness James of Holland Park OBE (born 3 August 1920) is an English writer of crime fiction and member of the House of Lords, who writes as P. D. James. ...


The film switches the infertility from male to female[19] but never explains its cause: environmental destruction and divine punishment are considered.[23] This unanswered question (and others in the film) have been attributed to Cuarón's dislike for expository film: "There's a kind of cinema I detest, which is a cinema that is about exposition and explanations.... It's become now what I call a medium for lazy readers.... Cinema is a hostage of narrative. And I'm very good at narrative as a hostage of cinema."[24] Cuaron's disdain for back-story and exposition led him to use the concept of female infertility as a "metaphor for the fading sense of hope".[19] The "almost mythical" Human Project is turned into a "metaphor for the possibility of the evolution of the human spirit, the evolution of human understanding."[25] Without dictating how the audience should feel by the end of the film, Cuarón encourages viewers to come to their own conclusions about the sense of hope depicted in the final scenes: "We wanted the end to be a glimpse of a possibility of hope, for the audience to invest their own sense of hope into that ending. So if you're a hopeful person you'll see a lot of hope, and if you're a bleak person you'll see a complete hopelessness at the end."[26] In narratology, a back-story (also back story or backstory) is the history behind the situation extant at the start of the main story. ...

Contemporary references

Children of Men takes an unconventional approach to the modern action film, using documentary, newsreel style to convey what critic Michael Joshua Rowin describes as "stunning verisimilitude within its mise-en-scène." For Rowin, the film alludes to and resonates with the catastrophic destruction and symbolism of the September 11, 2001 attacks.[27] Look up Action film in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other uses, see Verisimilitude (disambiguation). ... Mise en scène [mizɑ̃sÉ›n] has been called film criticisms grand undefined term, but that is not because of a lack of definitions. ... The World Trade Center on fire The September 11, 2001 attacks were a series of coordinated terrorist attacks against the United States on September 11, 2001. ...


Rowin, along with film critics Jason Guerrasio and Ethan Alter, observe the film's underlying touchstone of immigration; Alter notes that the film "makes a potent case against the anti-immigrant sentiment" popular in modern societies like the United Kingdom and the United States, with Guerrasio describing the film as "a complex meditation on the politics of today".[26][28] Immigration in the modern sense refers to movement of people from one nation-state to another, where they are not citizens. ...


For Alter and other critics, the structural support and impetus for the contemporary references rests upon the visual nature of the film's exposition, occurring in the form of imagery as opposed to conventional dialogue.[28] Visually, the refugee camps in the film intentionally evoke Abu Ghraib prison, Guantanamo Bay detention camp, and The Maze.[25] Other popular images appear, such as a sign over the refugee camp reading "Homeland Security".[29] The similarity between the hellish, cinéma vérité stylized battle scenes of the film and current news and documentary coverage of the Iraq War, is noted by film critic Manohla Dargis, describing Cuarón's fictional landscapes as "war zones of extraordinary plausibility".[30] It has been suggested that this article be split into articles entitled Exposition (plot device) and Plot dump . ... bjhgfshudgfgbfsfas Refugee camp for Rwandans located in what is now the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo following the Rwandan Genocide A camp in Guinea for refugees from Sierra Leone. ... Abu Ghraib cell block The Abu Ghraib prison (Arabic: سجن أبو غريب; also Abu Ghurayb) is in Abu Ghraib, an Iraqi city 32 km (20 mi) west of Baghdad. ... Detainees upon arrival at Camp X-Ray, January 2002 The Guantanamo Bay detention camp is a controversial[1] United States detention center operated by Joint Task Force Guantanamo since 2002 in Guantanamo Bay Naval Base, which is on the shore of Guantánamo Bay, Cuba. ... The personnel gate to the main guard office. ... This article is about filmmaking. ... For other uses, see Iraq war (disambiguation). ... Manohla Dargis is one of the chief film critics for The New York Times. ...


In the film, refugees are "hunted down like cockroaches," rounded up and put into cages and camps, and even shot, leading film critics like Chris Smith and Claudia Puig to observe symbolic "overtones" and images of the holocaust.[18][31] This theme is reinforced in the scene where an elderly refugee woman speaking German is seen detained in a cage,[3] and in the scene where British Homeland Security strips and beats illegal immigrants, a song by The Libertines, "Arbeit Macht Frei", plays in the background.[32] "The visual allusions to the Nazi roundups are unnerving," writes Richard A. Blake. "It shows what people can become when the government orchestrates their fears for its own advantage."[6] Holocaust and Shoah redirect here. ... The Libertines were an English rock band formed in London in 1997 and active until 2004. ... Arbeit Macht Frei gate at KZ Sachsenhausen Detail of the Arbeit Macht Frei inscription on the gate at Dachau. ...


Cuarón explains how he uses this imagery to propagate the theme by cross-referencing fictional and futuristic events with real, contemporary, or historical incidents and beliefs:

They exit the Russian apartments, and the next shot you see is this woman wailing, holding the body of her son in her arms. This was a reference to a real photograph of a woman holding the body of her son in the Balkans, crying with the corpse of her son. It's very obvious that when the photographer captured that photograph, he was referencing La Pieta, the Michelangelo sculpture of Mary holding the corpse of Jesus. So: We have a reference to something that really happened, in the Balkans, which is itself a reference to the Michelangelo sculpture. At the same time, we use the sculpture of David early on, which is also by Michelangelo, and we have of course the whole reference to the Nativity. And so everything was referencing and cross-referencing, as much as we could.[10]

In the closing credits, the Sanskrit words, "Shanti Shanti Shanti" (pronounced as śānti),[33] appear as end titles.[34][35] Writer and film critic Laura Eldred of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill observes that Children of Men is "full of tidbits that call out to the educated viewer". During a visit to his house by Theo and Kee, Jasper says "Shanti, shanti, shanti." Eldred notes that the "shanti" used in the film is also found at the end of an Upanishad and in the final line of T. S. Eliot's poem, The Waste Land, a work Eldred describes as "devoted to contemplating a world emptied of fertility: a world on its last, teetering legs". However, "shanti" is also a common beginning and ending to all Hindu prayers, and literally means "peace," referencing the invocation of divine intervention and rebirth through an end to violence.[36] The Pietà (1498–1499) by Michelangelo is a marble sculpture in St. ... Michelangelos David, sculpted from 1501 to 1504, is a masterpiece of Renaissance sculpture and one of Michelangelos two greatest works of sculpture, along with the Pietà. It is the statue of the young Israelite king David alone that almost certainly holds the title of the most recognizable stone... The Nativity by Petrus Christus, c. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Sanskrit ( , for short ) is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Jainism, and one of the 23 official languages of India. ... Shanti (from Sanskrit शािन्‍त śāntiḥ) can mean: Inner peace Ksanti, is one of the paramitas of Buddhism Shanti Project, a group providing support and guidance for people with life-threatening illnesses Shanti (television series), with Mandira Bedi Shanti/Astangi, a 1998 song by Madonna Shanti (film), a 2003 Indian film Shanti... Film criticism is the analysis and evaluation of films. ... The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill is a public, coeducational, research university located in Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States. ... The Upanishads (Devanagari: उपिनषद्, IAST: ) are regarded as part of the Vedas and as such form part of the Hindu scriptures. ... For other persons named Thomas Eliot, see Thomas Eliot (disambiguation). ... The Waste Land (1922)[1] is a highly influential 434-line[2] modernist poem by T. S. Eliot. ...

Religion

Described as a "companion piece" to Cuarón's Y tu mamá también, Children of Men is also a road movie. Like Virgil's Aeneid, Dante's Divine Comedy, and Chaucer's Canterbury Tales, the crux of the journey in Children of Men lies in what is uncovered along the path rather than the terminus itself.[6] Theo's heroic journey across the UK mirrors his personal quest for "self-awareness",[28] a journey that takes Theo from "despair to hope".[37] Y tu mamá también (literally And your mother, too, released in English-speaking markets under the original Spanish title) is a 2001 Mexican film directed by Alfonso Cuarón. ... For other uses, see Road Movie (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Virgil (disambiguation). ... Aeneas flees burning Troy, Federico Barocci, 1598 Galleria Borghese, Rome The Aeneid (IPA English pronunciation: ; in Latin Aeneis, pronounced — the title is Greek in form: genitive case Aeneidos) is a Latin epic written by Virgil in the 1st century BC (between 29 and 19 BC) that tells the legendary story... Dante redirects here. ... For other uses see The Divine Comedy (disambiguation), Dantes Inferno (disambiguation), and The Inferno (disambiguation) Dante shown holding a copy of The Divine Comedy, next to the entrance to Hell, the seven terraces of Mount Purgatory and the city of Florence, with the spheres of Heaven above, in Michelino... Chaucer redirects here. ... For other uses, see The Canterbury Tales (disambiguation). ... The Heros Journey can refer to the following articles connected with author Joseph Campbell: Monomyth (also known as the heros journey), a fundamental pattern in myths and religious stories described by Joseph Campbell, in his book, The Hero with a Thousand Faces; this fundamental pattern has been used...


According to Cuarón, the title of P. D. James' book (The Children of Men) is a Catholic allegory derived from a passage of scripture in the Bible.[38] (Psalm 90(89):3 of the KJV: "Thou turnest man to destruction; and sayest, Return, ye children of men.") James refers to her story as a "Christian fable"[20] while Cuarón describes it as "almost like a look at Christianity": "I didn't want to shy away from the spiritual archetypes," Cuarón told Filmmaker Magazine. "But I wasn't interested in dealing with dogma."[26] Psalms (from the Greek: Psalmoi (songs sung to a harp, originally from psallein play on a stringed instrument), Ψαλμοί; Hebrew: Tehilim, תהילים) is a book of the Hebrew Bible, Tanakh or Old Testament. ... Psalms (from the Greek: Psalmoi (songs sung to a harp, originally from psallein play on a stringed instrument), Ψαλμοί; Hebrew: Tehilim, תהילים) is a book of the Hebrew Bible, Tanakh or Old Testament. ... The King James or Authorized Version of the Bible is an English translation of the Christian Bible first published in 1611. ... For other senses of this word, see dogma (disambiguation). ...

Ms. James's nativity story is, in Mr. Cuarón's version, set against the image of a prisoner in an orange smock with a black bag on his head, arms stretched out as if on a cross.

Manohla Dargis, [39] Manohla Dargis is one of the chief film critics for The New York Times. ...

The film has been noted for its use of Christian symbolism; for example, British terrorists named "Fishes" protect the rights of refugees.[40] Opening on Christmas Day in the United States, critics compared the characters of Theo and Kee with Joseph and Mary,[41] calling the film a "modern-day Nativity story":[42] Kee's pregnancy is revealed to Theo in a barn, alluding to the manger of the Nativity scene, and when other characters discover Kee and her baby, they respond with "Jesus Christ" or the sign of the cross.[43] Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Christian symbolism... The ichthys has been used to represent a number of ideas. ... Joseph and Mary with baby Jesus, at the first Christmas Christmas (literally, the Mass of Christ) is a holiday in the Christian calendar, usually observed on December 25, which celebrates the birth of Jesus. ... The Nativity Story, previously titled Nativity, is a 2006 film starring Keisha Castle-Hughes, the Oscar-nominated actress of The Whale Rider and Shohreh Aghdashloo, the Oscar-nominated supporting actress of House of Sand and Fog. ... A traditional nativity scene from Naples, Italy A nativity scene, also called a crib or crèche (meaning crib or manger in French) generally refers to any depiction of the birth or birthplace of Jesus. ... For other uses, see Sign of the cross (disambiguation). ...


To highlight these spiritual themes, Cuarón commissioned a 15-minute piece by British composer John Tavener, a member of the Eastern Orthodox Church whose work resonates with the themes of "motherhood, birth, rebirth, and redemption in the eyes of God." Calling his score a "musical and spiritual reaction to Alfonso's film", snippets of Tavener's "Fragments of a Prayer" contain lyrics in Latin, German and Sanskrit sung by a mezzo-soprano. Words like "mata" (mother), "pahi mam" (protect me), "avatara" (saviour), and "alleluia" appear throughout the film.[44][45] John Tavener should not be confused with the sixteenth-century composer John Taverner. ... Orthodox icon of Pentecost. ...

Production

The adaptation of the P. D. James novel was originally written by Paul Chart, and later rewritten by Mark Fergus and Hawk Otsby. Developed by producers Marc Abraham, Eric Newman, Hilary Shor and Tony Smith, Beacon Pictures brought director Alfonso Cuarón on board in 2001.[46] Cuarón and screenwriter Timothy J. Sexton began rewriting the script after the director completed Y tu mamá también. Afraid he would "start second guessing things"[13] Cuarón chose not to read P. D. James' novel, opting to have Sexton read the book while Cuarón himself read an abridged version.[10][26] Cuarón did not immediately begin production, instead directing Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban. The director's work experience in the United Kingdom exposed him to the "social dynamics of the British psyche", giving him insight into the depiction of "British reality".[47] Cuarón used the film The Battle of Algiers as a model for social reconstruction in preparation for production, presenting the film to Clive Owen as an example of his vision for Children of Men. In order to create a philosophical and social framework for the film, the director read literature by Slavoj Žižek, as well as similar works.[48] The film Sunrise was also influential.[19] Alfonso Cuarón Orozco (born November 28, 1961 in Mexico City) is an Academy Award-nominated Mexican film director, screenwriter and producer. ... Y tu mamá también (literally And your mother, too, released in English-speaking markets under the original Spanish title) is a 2001 Mexican film directed by Alfonso Cuarón. ... Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban is a 2004 fantasy adventure film, based on the novel of the same name by J. K. Rowling. ... The Battle of Algiers (in Italian, La Battaglia di Algeri) is a 1965 black-and-white film directed by Gilles Pontecorvo. ... Slavoj Žižek (pronounced: ) (born 21 March 1949) is a Slovenian sociologist, postmodern philosopher, and cultural critic. ... Sunrise: A Song of Two Humans (aka Sunrise) is a 1927 American film directed by F.W. Murnau. ...

Location

A Clockwork Orange helped contribute to the futuristic, yet battered patina of 2027 London.[19] Children of Men was the second film Cuarón had made in London, with the director portraying the city as a character itself, shooting single, wide shots of the city.[49] While Cuarón was preparing the film, the London bombings occurred, but the director never considered moving the production. "It would have been impossible to shoot anywhere but London, because of the very obvious way the locations were incorporated into the film," Cuarón told Variety. "For example, the shot of Fleet Street looking towards St. Paul's would have been impossible to shoot anywhere else."[49] Due to these circumstances, the opening terrorist attack scene on Fleet Street was shot one-and-a-half months after the London bombing.[48] This article is about the film. ... The 7 July 2005 London bombings (also called the 7/7 bombings) were a series of coordinated terrorist bomb blasts that hit Londons public transport system during the morning rush hour. ... Fleet Street in 2005 Fleet Street is a famous street in London, England, named after the River Fleet. ...


Cuarón chose to shoot some scenes in East London, a location he considered "a place without glamour". The set locations were dressed to make them appear even more run-down; Cuarón says he told the crew "'Let's make it more Mexican'. In other words, we'd look at a location and then say: yes, but in Mexico there would be this and this. It was about making the place look run-down. It was about poverty."[48] He also made use of London's most popular sites, shooting in locations like Trafalgar Square and Battersea Power Station. The power station scene (whose conversion into an art archive is a reference to the Tate Modern), has been compared to Antonioni's Red Desert.[50] Cuarón added a pig balloon to the scene as homage to Pink Floyd's Animals.[51] Other art works visible in this scene include Michelangelo's David,[6] Picasso's Guernica,[52] and Banksy's British Cops Kissing.[3] London visual effects companies Double Negative and Framestore worked directly with Cuarón from script to post production, developing effects and creating "environments and shots that wouldn't otherwise be possible".[49] East London area East London is the name commonly given to the north eastern part of London, England on the north side of the River Thames. ... Trafalgar Square viewed from the northeast corner. ... Battersea Power Station viewed from the north bank of the River Thames at Pimlico. ... Tate Modern from the Millennium Bridge Tate Modern from St Pauls Cathedral. ... Michelangelo Antonioni (September 29, 1912 - July 30, 2007) was an Italian modernist film director whose films are widely considered as some of the most influential in film aesthetics. ... Red Desert (Italian: ) is a 1964 Italian film directed by Michelangelo Antonioni, written by Antonioni and Tonino Guerra and starring Monica Vitti with Richard Harris. ... Pink Floyd are an English rock band that initially earned recognition for their psychedelic or space rock music, and, as they evolved, for their progressive rock music. ... Animals is a concept album by English progressive rock band Pink Floyd, released on 23 January 1977 in the UK and on 2 February 1977 in the U.S. The album proved a success in the United Kingdom, where it reached #2 in the era of punk music. ... For other uses, see Michelangelo (disambiguation). ... Michelangelos David, sculpted from 1501 to 1504, is a masterpiece of Renaissance sculpture and one of Michelangelos two greatest works of sculpture, along with the Pietà. It is the statue of the young Israelite king David alone that almost certainly holds the title of the most recognizable stone... Picasso redirects here. ... Guernica is a painting by Pablo Picasso, depicting the Nazi German bombing of Guernica, Spain, by twenty-eight bombers, on April 26, 1937 during the Spanish Civil War. ... Banksy is a well-known pseudo-anonymous[1] English graffiti artist. ...

Style and design

"In most sci-fi epics, special effects substitute for story. Here they seamlessly advance it," observes Colin Covert of Star Tribune.[53] Billboards were designed to balance a contemporary and futuristic appearance as well as easily visualizing what else was occurring in the rest of the world at the time, and cars were made to resemble modern ones at first glance, although a closer look made them seem unfamiliar.[54] Cuarón informed the art department that the film was the "anti-Blade Runner",[55] rejecting technologically advanced proposals and downplaying the science fiction elements of the 2027 setting. The director focused on images reflecting the contemporary period,[56] choosing to have innovative technology in the film's timeline discontinued by 2014. With the future in mind, Cuarón maintained a steady gaze on the present: "We didn't want to be distracted by the future. We didn't want to transport the audience into another reality."[57] This article is about the 1982 film. ...

Single-shot sequences

Children of Men used several lengthy single-shot sequences in which extremely complex actions take place. The longest of these are a shot in which Kee gives birth (199 seconds); an ambush on a country road (247 seconds); and a scene in which Theo is captured by the Fishes, escapes, and runs down a street and through a building in the middle of a raging battle (454 seconds). These sequences were extremely difficult to film, although the effect of continuity is sometimes an illusion, aided by CGI effects.[58] A long take is an uninterrupted shot in a film which lasts much longer than the conventional editing pace either of the film itself or of films in general, usually lasting several minutes. ... Computer-generated imagery[1] (also known as CGI) is the application of the field of computer graphics or, more specifically, 3D computer graphics to special effects in films, television programs, commercials, simulators and simulation generally, and printed media. ...


Cuarón had already experimented with long takes in Y tu mamá también and Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban. His style is influenced by the Swiss film Jonah Who Will Be 25 in the Year 2000, a favorite of Cuarón's. Cuarón reminisces: "I was studying cinema when I first saw [Jonah], and interested in the French New Wave. Jonah was so unflashy compared to those films. The camera keeps a certain distance and there are relatively few close-ups. It's elegant and flowing, constantly tracking, but very slowly and not calling attention to itself."[59] Complicated long-takes were already popular among more accomplished film directors in Mexico, where the technique is known as plano sequencia. Y tu mamá también (literally And your mother, too, released in English-speaking markets under the original Spanish title) is a 2001 Mexican film directed by Alfonso Cuarón. ... Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban is a 2004 fantasy adventure film, based on the novel of the same name by J. K. Rowling. ... Jonah Who Will Be 25 in the Year 2000 (Jonas qui aura 25 ans en lan 2000) is a 1976 Swiss film directed by Alain Tanner and written by Tanner and John Berger. ... The New Wave (French: La Nouvelle Vague) was a blanket term coined by critics for a group of French filmmakers of the late 1950s and 1960s, influenced (in part) by Italian Neorealism. ...


The creation of the single-shot sequences was a challenging, time-consuming process that sparked concerns from the studio. It took fourteen days to prepare for the single shot in which Clive Owen's character searches a building under attack, and five hours for every time they wanted to reshoot it. In the middle of one shot, blood splattered onto the lens, and cinematographer Emmanuel Lubezki convinced the director to leave it in. According to Owen, "Right in the thick of it are me and the camera operator because we're doing this very complicated, very specific dance which, when we come to shoot, we have to make feel completely random."[60] Emmanuel Lubezki is a Mexican cinematographer born in 1964. ...


Cuarón's initial idea for maintaining continuity during the roadside ambush scene was dismissed by production experts as an "impossible shot to do". Fresh from the visual effects-laden Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban, Cuarón suggested using computer-generated imagery to film the scene. Lubezki refused to allow it, reminding the director that they had intended to make a film akin to a "raw documentary". Instead, a special camera rig invented by Gary Thieltges of Doggicam Systems was employed, allowing Cuarón to develop the scene as one extended shot.[14][61] A vehicle was modified to enable seats to tilt and lower actors out of the way of the camera, and the windshield was designed to tilt out of the way to allow camera movement in and out through the front windscreen. A crew of four, including the DP and camera operator, rode on the roof.[62] In fiction, continuity is consistency of the characteristics of persons, plot, objects, places and events seen by the reader or viewer. ... Documentary film is a broad category of visual expression that is based on the attempt, in one fashion or another, to document reality. ... A cinematographer (from cinema photographer) is one photographing with a motion picture camera. ...


However, the commonly reported statement that the action scenes are continuous shots[63] is not entirely true. Visual effects supervisor Frazer Churchill explains that the effects team had to "combine several takes to create impossibly long shots", where their job was to "create the illusion of a continuous camera move." Once the team was able to create a "seamless blend", they would move on to the next shot. These techniques were important for three continuous shots: the coffee shop explosion in the opening shot, the car ambush, and the battlefield scene. The coffee shop scene was composed of "two different takes shot over two consecutive days"; the car ambush was shot in "six sections and at four different locations over one week and required five seamless digital transitions"; and the battlefield scene "was captured in five separate takes over two locations". Churchill and the Double Negative team created over 160 of these types of effects for the film.[64] In an interview with Variety, Cuarón acknowledged this nature of the "single-shot" action sequences: "Maybe I'm spilling a big secret, but sometimes it's more than what it looks like. The important thing is how you blend everything and how you keep the perception of a fluid choreography through all of these different pieces."[11] Double Negative is full-service VFX (visual effects) company in Europe. ...


Tim Webber of VFX house Framestore CFC was responsible for the three-and-a-half minute single take of Kee giving birth, helping to choreograph and create the CG effects of the childbirth.[49] Cuarón had originally intended to use an animatronic baby as Kee's child with the exception of the childbirth scene. In the end, two takes were shot, with the second take concealing Claire-Hope Ashitey's legs, replacing them with prosthetic legs. Cuarón was pleased with the results of the effect, and returned to previous shots of the baby in animatronic form, replacing them with Framestore's computer-generated baby.[58] Framestore CFC is one of the largest digital film special effects companies in Europe. ... Animatronic is the third album from Norweigan black metal band, The Kovenant, and was released in 1999 through Nuclear Blast. ... Computer-generated imagery[1] (also known as CGI) is the application of the field of computer graphics or, more specifically, 3D computer graphics to special effects in films, television programs, commercials, simulators and simulation generally, and printed media. ...

Sound

Cuarón uses sound and music to bring the fictional world of social unrest and infertility to life.[65] A creative yet restrained combination of rock, pop, electronic music, hip-hop and classical music replaces the typical film score.[65] The mundane sounds of traffic, barking dogs, and advertisements follow the character of Theo through London, East Sussex and Kent, producing what Los Angeles Times writer Kevin Crust calls an "urban audio rumble".[65] For Crust, the music comments indirectly on the barren world of Children of Men: Deep Purple's version of "Hush" blaring from Jasper's car radio becomes a "sly lullaby for a world without babies" while King Crimson's "The Court of the Crimson King" make a similar allusion with their lyrics, "...three lullabies in an ancient tongue"[65]. Children of Men had two soundtracks for the film, a film score by British composer John Tavener, and a soundtrack with various popular music acts. ... A film score is a set of musical compositions written to accompany a film. ... This just IN !!!:paris hiltons new dog. ... This article is about the rock band. ... Hush is a song written by Joe South for Billy Joe Royal. ... This article is about the musical group. ... The Court of the Crimson King is the fifth and final track from the British progressive rock band King Crimsons debut album, In the Court of the Crimson King. ...


Amongst a genre-spanning selection of electronic music, a remix of Aphex Twin's "Omgyjya Switch 7", which includes additional samples of screams not present on the original can be heard during the scene in Jasper's house, where Jasper's "Strawberry Cough" (a potent, strawberry-flavoured blend of marijuana) is being sampled. A number of dubstep tracks, most notably Anti-War Dub by Digital Mystikz, as well as tracks by Kode9 & The Space Ape and Pressure are also featured.[66] For other uses, see Electronic music (disambiguation). ... Richard D. James redirects here. ... A Cannabis sativa plant The drug cannabis, also called marijuana, is produced from parts of the cannabis plant, primarily the cured flowers and gathered trichomes of the female plant. ... Dubstep is a genre of electronic dance music which has its roots in Londons early 2000s UK garage scene. ... Digital Mystikz consists of dubstep producers Mala and Coki. ... Kode9 (born Steve Goodman in Glasgow, Scotland) is a London-based electronic music artist, DJ, and owner of the Hyperdub record label. ... For the American musician, see Candlebox. ...


For the Bexhill scenes during the film's second half, the director makes use of silence and cacophonous sound effects such as the firing of automatic weapons and loudspeakers directing the movement of "fugees" (illegal immigrants).[65] Here, classical music by George Frideric Handel, Gustav Mahler, and Krzysztof Penderecki's "Threnody to the Victims of Hiroshima" complements the chaos of the refugee camp.[65] Throughout the film, John Tavener's Fragments of a Prayer is used as a spiritual motif to explain and interpret the story without the use of narrative.[65] Sound effects or audio effects are artificially created or enhanced sounds, or sound processes used to emphasize artistic or other content of movies, video games, music, or other media. ... “Handel” redirects here. ... Mahler redirects here. ... Krzysztof Penderecki. ... The musical composition Threnody for the Victims of Hiroshima (Tren ofiarom Hiroszimy in Polish), for 52 string instruments, was composed in 1959 by Krzysztof Penderecki (b. ... John Tavener should not be confused with the sixteenth-century composer John Taverner. ...


A few times during the film, a loud, ringing tone evocative of tinnitus is heard. This sound generally coincides with the death of a major character (Julian, Jasper) and is referenced by Julian herself, who describes the tones as the last time you'll ever hear that frequency. In this way, then, the loss of the tones is symbolic of the loss of the characters. This has been noted by several sources but a good summary appeared on filmint in 2007.[67]


As the closing credits begin, the sound of children laughing is heard.[68] Two political songs, John Lennon's "Bring on the Lucie (Freeda Peeple)" and Jarvis Cocker's "Running the World", close out the film.[65] This article does not cite any references or sources. ... John Winston Ono Lennon, MBE (October 9, 1940 – December 8, 1980), (born John Winston Lennon, known as John Ono Lennon) was an iconic English 20th century rock and roll songwriter and singer, best known as the founding member of The Beatles. ... Bring on the Lucie (Freeda People) is a protest song written and performed by John Lennon from his 1973 album Mind Games. ... Jarvis Branson Cocker (born 19 September 1963, in Sheffield, England) is an English musician, best known for fronting the band Pulp. ...

Release

Children of Men had its world premiere at the 63rd Venice International Film Festival on 3 September 2006.[69] On 22 September 2006, the film debuted at #1 in the United Kingdom with $2.4 million in 368 screens.[4] It debuted in a limited release of 16 theaters in the United States on 22 December 2006, expanding to more than 1,200 theaters on 5 January 2007.[70] As of 6 February 2008, Children of Men had grossed $69,612,678 worldwide, with $35,552,383 of the revenue generated in the United States.[71] The 63rd Venice International Film Festival opened on August 30, 2006 with Brian De Palmas The Black Dahlia and closed September 9, 2006. ...

Critical reception

The film received very positive reviews. According to the review tallying website Rotten Tomatoes, Children of Men received a 92% overall approval out of 196 reviews from critics,[72] and on Metacritic, the film has a rating of 84 based on 36 reviews.[73] This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Metacritic is a website that collates reviews of music albums, games, movies, TV shows, DVDs and books. ...


Dana Stevens of Slate Magazine called it "the herald of another blessed event: the arrival of a great director by the name of Alfonso Cuarón." Stevens hailed the film's extended car chase and battle scenes as "two of the most virtuoso single-shot chase sequences I've ever seen."[42] Manohla Dargis of The New York Times called the film a "superbly directed political thriller", raining accolades on the long chase scenes.[30] "Easily one of the best films of the year" said Ethan Alter of Film Journal International, with scenes that "dazzle you with their technical complexity and visual virtuosity."[28] Jonathan Romney of The Independent praised the accuracy of Cuarón's portrait of the United Kingdom, but he criticized some of the film's futuristic scenes as "run-of-the-mill future fantasy."[3] Film Comment's Critics' Poll of the best films of 2006 ranked the film #19 while the 2006 Readers' Poll ranked it #2.[74] On their list of the best movies of 2006, The A.V. Club, the San Francisco Chronicle, Slate Magazine and The Washington Post placed the film at number-one.[75] Categories: Magazines stubs | Microsoft subsidiaries | Websites | The Washington Post ... The New York Times is a daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed internationally. ... For other uses, see The Independent (disambiguation). ... The Film Comment is a renowned film journal published by the Film Society of Lincoln Center. ... The A.V. Club is an entertainment newspaper and website published by The Onion. ... Todays San Francisco Chronicle was founded in 1865 as The Daily Dramatic Chronicle by teenage brothers Charles de Young and Michael H. de Young. ... Categories: Magazines stubs | Microsoft subsidiaries | Websites | The Washington Post ... The Washington Post is the largest newspaper in Washington, D.C.. It is also one of the citys oldest papers, having been founded in 1877. ...

Top ten lists

The film appeared on many critics' top ten lists as one of the best films of 2006:[75]

General top ten The Washington Post is the largest newspaper in Washington, D.C.. It is also one of the citys oldest papers, having been founded in 1877. ... The A.V. Club is an entertainment newspaper and website published by The Onion. ... Todays San Francisco Chronicle was founded in 1865 as The Daily Dramatic Chronicle by teenage brothers Charles de Young and Michael H. de Young. ... The A.V. Club is an entertainment newspaper and website published by The Onion. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The A.V. Club is an entertainment newspaper and website published by The Onion. ... The Chicago Sun-Times is an American daily newspaper published in Chicago. ... This just IN !!!:paris hiltons new dog. ... Wesley Morris is a film critic at Boston Globe. ... The Boston Globe (and Boston Sunday Globe) is the most widely circulated daily newspaper in Boston, Massachusetts and New England. ... The Miami Herald is a daily newspaper owned by The McClatchy Company. ... The New York Times is a daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed internationally. ... Empire is a British film magazine published monthly by Emap Consumer Media since July 1989. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Boston Globe (and Boston Sunday Globe) is the most widely circulated daily newspaper in Boston, Massachusetts and New England. ... This just IN !!!:paris hiltons new dog. ... Pans Labyrinth (Spanish: , literally The Labyrinth of the Faun) is a 2006 Spanish language fantasy film[2][3] written and directed by Mexican film-maker Guillermo del Toro. ... L.A. Weekly is a free weekly tabloid-sized newspaper (a so-called alternative weekly) in Los Angeles, California. ... LEnfant is a 2005 film directed by Jean-Pierre Dardenne and Luc Dardenne. ... The Village Voice is a free weekly newspaper in New York City featuring investigative articles, analysis of current affairs and culture, arts reviews and events listings for New York City. ...

Awards

P. D. James, who was reported to be pleased with the film,[76] and the screenwriters of Children of Men were awarded the 19th annual USC Scripter Award for the screen adaptation of the novel; Howard Rodman, chair of the USC School of Cinematic Arts Writing Division, described the book-to-screen adaptation as "writing and screen writing of the highest order."[77] The film was also nominated in the category of Best Adapted Screenplay at the 79th Academy Awards. Slate is an online news and culture magazine created in 1996 by former New Republic editor Michael Kinsley and owned by Microsoft (as part of MSN). ... The Globe and Mail is a Canadian English-language nationally distributed newspaper, based in Toronto and printed in six cities across the country. ... The Christian Science Monitor (CSM) is an international newspaper published daily, Monday through Friday. ... Mark Kermode (born Mark Fairey[1] on 2 July 1963) is an English film critic who regularly writes for Sight and Sound magazine and The Observer newspaper. ... Phyllis Dorothy James, Baroness James of Holland Park OBE (born 3 August 1920) is an English writer of crime fiction and member of the House of Lords, who writes as P. D. James. ... 19th USC Scripter Award January 12, 2006 Best Script: Children of Men Wikinews has news related to: Children of Men wins Scripter award for writing Wikinews has news related to: Prada, Illusionist among screen adaptations up for USC Scripter The 19th USC Scripter Award, given on 12 January 2007, honored... The Academy Award for Writing Adapted Screenplay is one of the Academy Awards, the most prominent film awards in the United States. ... The 79th Academy Awards ceremony, honoring the best in film for 2006, took place on February 25, 2007 at the Kodak Theatre in Hollywood, California. ...


Children of Men also obtained Academy Award nominations for Best Cinematography (Emmanuel Lubezki) and Best Film Editing (Alfonso Cuarón and Alex Rodríguez).[78] The British Academy of Film and Television Arts nominated Children of Men for Best Visual Effects and honored the film with awards for Best Cinematography and Best Production Design at the 60th British Academy Film Awards. Cinematographer Emmanuel Lubezki won the feature film award for Best Cinematography at the 21st American Society of Cinematographers Awards. The Australian Cinematographers Society also awarded Lubezki the 2007 International Award for Cinematography for Children of Men.[79] Emmanuel Lubezki is a Mexican cinematographer born in 1964. ... BAFTA Award The British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA), is a British organisation that hosts annual awards shows for film, television, childrens film and television, and interactive media. ... // 2006 - Children of Men - Emmanuel Lubezki Babel – Rodrigo Prieto Casino Royale – Phil Meheux El Laberinto del fauno – Guillermo Navarro United 93 – Barry Ackroyd 2005 - Memoirs of a Geisha - Dion Beebe Brokeback Mountain – Rodrigo Prieto The Constant Gardener – César Charlone Crash – J. Michael Muro La Marche de lempereur – Laurent... 2006 - Children of Men - Geoffrey Kirkland Jim Clay Jennifer Williams Casino Royale – Peter Lamont Simon Wakefield El Laberinto del fauno – Eugenio Caballero Pilar Revuelta Marie Antoinette – K.K. Barrett Véronique Melery Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Mans Chest – Rick Heinrichs Cheryl Carasik 2005 - Harry Potter and the Goblet... 60th BAFTA Film Awards February 11, 2007 The 60th British Film Awards, given by the British Academy of Film and Television Arts took place on 11 February 2007, and honoured the best films of 2006. ... American Society of Cinematographers Award for Outstanding Achievement in Theatrical Releases: 1986: Jordan Cronenweth - Peggy Sue Got Married 1987: Allen Daviau - Empire of the Sun 1988: Conrad L. Hall - Tequila Sunrise 1989: Haskell Wexler - Blaze 1990: Dean Semler - Dances with Wolves 1991: Allen Daviau - Bugsy 1992: Stephen H. Burum - Hoffa... The American Society of Cinematographers (ASC) is not a labor union or guild, but rather an educational, cultural and professional organization. ... The Australian Cinematographers Society was established to— * Further the advancement of cinematography in all fields and give due recognition to the outstanding work performed by Australian cinematographers. ...


The Academy of Science Fiction, Fantasy & Horror Films bestowed the Saturn Award for Best Science Fiction Film on Children of Men, and it received the nomination for Best Dramatic Presentation, Long Form by the members of the World Science Fiction Convention.[80] The following are a list of Saturn Award winners for Best Science Fiction Film: See also Science fiction film Categories: | ... The Hugo Awards are given annually by members of the World Science Fiction Convention for the best science fiction or fantasy works. ... Worldcon, a. ...

DVD

The DVD was released in Europe on 15 January 2007[81] and in the United States on 27 March 2007. Extras include a half-hour documentary by director Alfonso Cuarón entitled "The Possibility of Hope". The documentary explores the intersection between the film's themes and reality with a critical analysis by eminent scholars: the Slovenian sociologist and philosopher Slavoj Žižek , anti-globalization activist Naomi Klein, futurist James Lovelock, sociologist Saskia Sassen, human geographer Fabrizio Eva, cultural theorist Tzvetan Todorov, and philosopher and economist John N. Gray; "Under Attack" features a demonstration of the innovative techniques required for the car chase and battle scenes; Clive Owen and Julianne Moore discuss their characters in "Theo & Julian"; "Futuristic Design" opens the door on the production design and look of the film; "Visual Effects" shows how the digital baby was created. Deleted scenes are included.[82] The film was released on Blu-Ray disc in the United States on 26 May 2009.[83]
Slavoj Žižek (pronounced: ) (born 21 March 1949) is a Slovenian sociologist, postmodern philosopher, and cultural critic. ... Naomi Klein (b. ... Dr. James Ephraim Lovelock, CH, CBE, FRS (born 26 July 1919) is an independent scientist, author, researcher, environmentalist, and futurologist who lives in Cornwall, in the south west of Great Britain. ... Saskia Sassen Saskia Sassen (born January 5th in 1949 at The Hague, in The Netherlands) is an American sociologist and economist noted for her analyses of globalization and international human migration. ... Tzvetan Todorov (Bulgarian: ) (born on March 1, 1939 in Sofia) is a Franco-Bulgarian philosopher. ... Professor John N. Gray John N. Gray (born April 17, 1948) in South Shields, County Durham, is a prominent British political philosopher and author, currently School Professor of European Thought at the London School of Economics. ... Blu-ray discs Blu-ray Disc is a next-generation optical disc format jointly developed by a group of leading consumer electronics and PC companies called the Blu_ray Disc Association (BDA), which succeeds the Blu_ray Disc Founders (BDF). ...

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External links

Awards and achievements
Preceded by
Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith
Saturn Award for Best Science Fiction Film
2006
Succeeded by
Cloverfield
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  Results from FactBites:
 
Women, Children and Men (8009 words)
Men constituted the citizen assembly which made decisions affecting the community as a whole; men were the jurymen in the courts; and all of the polis' several hundred public officials were men.
It was not until they were ephebes (young men in military training) that the male children of the polis had a regularly assigned and honoured role in most of the city's major festivals.
For most women, like most men, however, were not sufficiently well-to-do to live without working; those who resided in the country would probably have shared in agricultural labour, and those living in town would have engaged in petty trade or kept shops with their husbands.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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