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Encyclopedia > Childhood

This article is about the phase of human development known as Childhood. For the Michael Jackson song, see Childhood (song) Childhood is a song written and composed by pop singer Michael Jackson and was released on his 5th solo album HIStory and also on the Free Willy 2 soundtrack. ...


Childhood is a broad term usually applied to the phase of development in humans between infancy and adulthood. Human development may refer to: Human development (biology) Human development (psychology) Occasionally, it may refer to both, but because each of these is already an immense area, few if any contemporary academic discussions attempt to tackle both with any completeness. ... Human beings are defined variously in biological, spiritual, and cultural terms, or in combinations thereof. ... A human infant The word Infant derives from the Latin in-fans, meaning unable to speak. ... See Adult. ...

Contents


History

Since the publication in 1961 of Philippe Aries's study, historians have increasingly begun to research childhood in past times. Philippe Aries studied paintings and found that children actually looked like mini adults.


Before Aries, George Boas had published The Cult of Childhood.


Several historical events and period are discussed as relevant to the history of childhood in the West. One such event is the life of Jesus Christ[1] Christ taught that children were to be loved and revered, a departure from the ancients' attitude to children which was to be propagated in the Roman Empire during the next 400 years with the introduction of Christianity.[citation needed] Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ...


During the Renaissance, artistic depictions of children increased dramatically in Europe. This did not impact the social attitude to children much, however -- see the article on child labour. Raphael was famous for depicting illustrious figures of the Classical past with the features of his Renaissance contemporaries. ... Child labour or labor is the phenomenon of children in employment. ...


The Victorian Era has been described as a source of the modern institution of childhood. Ironically, the Industrial Revolution during this era led to an increase in child labour, but due to the campaigning of the Evangelicals, and efforts of author Charles Dickens and others, child labour was gradually reduced and halted in England via the Factory Acts of 1802-1878. The Victorians concomitantly emphasized the role of the family and the sanctity of the child, and broadly speaking, this attitude has remained dominant in Western societies since then. Queen Victoria (shown here on the morning of her Accession to the Throne, 20 June 1837) gave her name to the historic era The Victorian era of Great Britain marked the height of the British industrial revolution and the apex of the British Empire. ... A Watt steam engine in Madrid. ... Evangelicalism, in a strictly lexical, but rarely used sense, refers to all things that are implied in belief that Jesus is the savior. ... Dickens redirects here. ... The Factory Acts were a series of acts passed by the British Parliament to limit the number of hours worked by women and children first in the textile industry, then later in all industries. ... --69. ... 1878 (MDCCCLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Look up West in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Childhood today

For the last 100-150 years, childhood in the Western world has been viewed very positively, as one of the happiest phases during a person's existence.[citation needed]


Recently, Neil Postman published The End of Childhood.


See also

This page is a collection of wikipedia articles about or related to children. ...

Footnotes

  1. ^ Wilde, Oscar. De profundis. Dover Publications New York, 1996.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Archived: ED/OERI: National Institute on Early Childhood Development and Education (84 words)
Archived: ED/OERI: National Institute on Early Childhood Development and Education
National Institute on Early Childhood Development and Education
The Early Childhood Institute (ECI) sponsors comprehensive and challenging research in order to help ensure that America's young children are successful in school and beyond -- and to enhance their quality of life and that of their families.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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