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Encyclopedia > Childcare

Childcare (also written child care[1] and babycare) is the act of caring for and supervising minor children. (In Australia, daycare is referred to as "childcare"—cf.) In law, a person who is not yet a legal adult is known as a minor (known in some places as an infant or juvenile). ... “Children” redirects here. ... Day care is the care of a child during the day by a person other than the childs parents or legal guardians, often someone outside the childs immediate family. ...

Contents

Childcare roles

It is traditional in western society for children to be looked after by one or both of their parents, but the need for two-job households means that childcare is often delegated, at least part of the time, to childminders or crèches. A parent is a father or mother; one who begets or one who gives birth to or nurtures and raises a child; a relative who plays the role of guardian // Mother This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A nanny is defined as a childs nurse. The traditional nanny was a servant in a great household and reported directly to the lady of the house. ... Day care is the care of a child during the day by a person other than the childs parents or legal guardians, often someone outside the childs immediate family. ...


Most Western countries also have compulsory education, and during the time that the children are at school, the school will act in loco parentis. This latin term means "in lieu of parent supervision". Compulsory education is education which children are required by law to receive and governments to provide. ... Students in Rome, Italy. ... The term in loco parentis, Latin for in the place of a parent, refers to the legal responsibility of a person or organization to take on some of the functions and responsibilities of a parent. ...


Where parents are missing or dead, or unable or unfit to care for children, state agencies such as social services may take on the childcare role. A social worker is a person employed in the administration of charity, social service, welfare, and poverty agencies, advocacy, or religious outreach programs. ...


Wealthy people who prefer the services of professionals may delegate the parental role almost completely to nannies. A nanny is a person who looks after the child or children of one family in their -- the childs -- home. ...


The childcare debate

For many, the use of paid childcare is a matter of choice with arguments raging on both sides about whether children suffer or not.


There is no doubt that the first few years of a child's life are vitally important to form a basis for good education, morality, self-discipline and social integration.[citation needed] Consistency of approach, skills and qualifications of careers and ownership have been shown in many studies to improve the chances of a child reaching his or her full potential.-1... Discipline is any training intended to produce a specific character or pattern of behaviour, especially training that produces moral or mental development in a particular direction. ...


For example a recent study in Australia[2] concluded centers run by corporate chains provided the lowest quality care when compared to community-based providers and independent private centres.


The challenge of childcare

In many families (and almost exclusively so in some communities), the childcare role is taken on by the extended family. One of the challenges for parents who choose to use other sources of childcare is finding and affording qualified providers. Extended family (or joint family) is a term with several distinct meanings. ...


Some jurisdictions require licensing or certification. Parents may also turn to independent rating services, or rely on recommendations and referrals. Some places develop voluntary quality networks, for example in Australia most childcare services are part of the national Quality Assurance system which ensures they provide good developmental programs.


Many organizations (in the developed world) campaign for free or subsidized childcare for all. Others campaign for tax breaks or allowances to allow parents a non-finance driven choice. Many of the free or subsidized childcare programs in the United States are also Child Development programs, or after school programs which hire certified teachers to teach the children while they are in their care.


Most countries have laws relating to childcare, which seek to prevent and punish child abuse. Such laws may add cost and complexity to childcare provision and may provide tools to help ensure quality childcare. Child abuse is the physical, sexual, or emotional maltreatment or neglect of children by parents, guardians, or others. ...


Finding childcare providers online

The Internet has become a tool for parents and childcare providers to connect.


Online classified ads allow parents to post job offers and childcare providers to post resumes in hopes of connecting with each other via cyberspace. Such postings allow anyone to post almost anything at any time with little monitoring. Services dedicated to matching parents and childcare providers have evolved from for-profit, nonprofit and governmental organizations. Such services generally offer greater screening, than general listing services.


Notes

  1. ^ Both childcare and child care are common, acceptable spelling of the word. Child care is the preferred spelling in accordance with AP Style.
  2. ^ 2006, Rush, The Australia Institute http://www.tai.org.au/documents/downloads/DP84.pdf

A slightly outdated edition of the Stylebook The Associated Press Stylebook and Briefing on Media Law, usually simply called the AP Stylebook and nicknamed the journalists bible, is the primary guide of style and usage for most newspapers and newsmagazines in the United States. ...

See also

Day care is the care of a child during the day by a person other than the childs parents or legal guardians, often someone outside the childs immediate family. ... Day care is the care of a child during the day by a person other than the childs parents or legal guardians, often someone outside the childs immediate family. ... A human infant In basic English usage, an infant is defined as a human child at the youngest stage of life, especially before they can walk or simply a child before the age of one. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

External links

  • A Place of our own, TV show site with resources for people who care for children.
  • Better Business Bureau Video Series or free online childcare resources at www.BBBvideo.com
  • Child Care Quality: An Overview for Parents - From the ERIC Clearinghouse on Elementary and Early Childhood Education.
  • Child Care Safety,from UF/IFAS Department of Family, Youth and Community Sciences
  • Helping Your Child Adjust to Child Care,from UF/IFAS Department of Family, Youth and Community Sciences
  • Information and Child Care Courses From National Institute of Childcare and Education, UK. A range of useful information about UN Convention on Rights of the Child; why training is essential in the Child Care environment; and how to check the quality of the childcare your child receives.
  • Quality Child Care From University of Florida/IFAS Department of Family, Youth and Community Sciences, Factors in choosing quality child care.
  • Child care checklist from Seattle Children's Hospital.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Childcare - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (525 words)
Childcare is the act of caring for and supervising minor children.
It is traditional in western society for children to be looked after by one or both of their parents, but the need for two-job households means that childcare is often delegated, at least part of the time, to childminders or crèches.
In many societies, the childcare role is taken on by the extended family.
Childcare (5230 words)
The notion of childcare provision as something of public interest and responsibility is an issue that brings to the surface contradictions in the changing nature of Irish society.
Furthermore, childcare provision is under consideration in a number of the institutes of technology, in the form of proposals for crèche facilities and the development of support, linkages and information on local childcare providers.
However, given the increasing concentration on childcare nationally, and the large number of institutions (10) that indicated that they have current plans to develop a range of childcare provision measures, hope remains high that such needs are now being viewed seriously and that the understanding of such provision steadily intensifying.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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