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Encyclopedia > Chihuahua

THEY SUC |native_name = |nickname = "Lady of the Desert" |settlement_type = |motto = |image_skyline = |imagesize = |image_caption = |image_flag = Mexico stateflags Chihuahua.png |flag_size = 140px |image_seal = |seal_size = |image_shield = Escudo de chihuahua.png |shield_size = 80px |city_logo = |citylogo_size = |image_map = Mexico map, MX-CHH.svg |mapsize = |map_caption = Location within Mexico |image_map1 = |mapsize1 = |map_caption1 = |image_dot_map = |dot_mapsize = |dot_map_caption = |dot_x = |dot_y = |pushpin_map = |pushpin_label_position = |pushpin_map_caption = |pushpin_mapsize = |subdivision_type = Country |subdivision_name =  Mexico |subdivision_type1 = Capital |subdivision_name1 = Chihuahua |subdivision_type2 = Municipalities |subdivision_name2 = 67 |subdivision_type3 = Largest City |subdivision_name3 = Ciudad Juárez |subdivision_type4 = |subdivision_name4 = |government_footnotes = |government_type = |leader_title =Governor |leader_name =José Reyes Baeza Terrazas (  PRI) |leader_title1 = Federal Deputies |leader_name1 =PRI: 5
PAN:4 |leader_title2 =Federal Senators |leader_name2 = PAN: 2
PRI: 1 |leader_title3 = |leader_name3 = |leader_title4 = |leader_name4 = |established_title = |established_date = |established_title2 = |established_date2 = |established_title3 = |established_date3 = |area_magnitude = |unit_pref = |area_footnotes =
Ranked 1st |area_total_km2 = 244938 |area_land_km2 = |area_water_km2 = |area_total_sq_mi = |area_land_sq_mi = |area_water_sq_mi = |area_water_percent = |area_urban_km2 = |area_urban_sq_mi = |area_metro_km2 = |area_metro_sq_mi = |area_blank1_title = |area_blank1_km2 = |area_blank1_sq_mi = |population_as_of =2005 |population_footnotes = |population_note = |population_total =3,241,444 (Ranked 11th) |population_density_km2 = |population_density_sq_mi = |population_metro = |population_density_metro_km2 = |population_density_metro_sq_mi = |population_urban = |population_density_urban_km2 = |population_density_urban_sq_mi = |population_blank1_title =Demonym |population_blank1 =Chihuahuense |population_density_blank1_km2 = |population_density_blank1_sq_mi = |timezone = MST |utc_offset = -7 |timezone_DST = MDT |utc_offset_DST = -6 |latd= |latm= |lats= |latNS= |longd= |longm= |longs= |longEW= |elevation_footnotes = |elevation_m = |elevation_ft = |postal_code_type = |postal_code = |area_code = |blank_name =HDI (2004) |blank_info =0.8224 - high
Ranked 8th |blank1_name =ISO 3166-2 |blank1_info =MX-CHH |blank2_name =Postal abbr. |blank2_info =Chih. |blank3_name = |blank3_info = |website = Chihuahua State Government |footnotes = }} Image File history File links Flag_of_Mexico. ... Nickname: Motto: Bravery, Loyalty, Hospitality Coordinates: , Country State Foundation October 12, 1709 Government  - Mayor Carlos Borruel Baquera ( PAN) Elevation 1,415 m (4,642 ft) Population (2006)  - City 748,551  - Metro 1,000,124  - Demonym Chihuahuense Time zone Mountain Standard Time (UTC-7)  - Summer (DST) Mountain Daylight Time (UTC-6... Municipal Palace of Veracruz Municipalities (municipios in Spanish) are the second-level administrative division in Mexico (where the first-level administrative division is the estado, or state). ... List of largest cities in Mexico: See also: List of cities List of Cities and States and information about them in English and Spanish (in Spanish and English) Database of all Towns, cities, municipalities, and postal codes in Mexico (in Spanish) Ranking of Mexican Cities Categories: | ... Ciudad Juárez, or simply Juárez, is a city in the Mexican state of Chihuahua formerly known as El Paso del Norte. ... The United Mexican States ( Mexico) is a federal republic comprising 31 states and one federal district (the Mexican Federal District, or Distrito Federal). ... José Reyes Baeza Terrazas (September 20, 1961-) is a Mexican politician and lawyer. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Institutional Revolutionary Party (Spanish: Partido Revolucionario Institucional or PRI) is a Mexican political party that wielded hegemonic power in the country—under a succession of names—for more than 70 years. ... The Chamber of Deputies (Spanish: Cámara de Diputados) is the lower house of Mexicos bicameral legislature, the Congress of the Union. ... The National Action Party (Spanish: Partido Acción Nacional), known by the acronym PAN, is a conservative and Christian Democratic party and one of the three main political parties in Mexico. ... The Senate (Spanish: Cámara de Senadores or Senado) is the upper house of Mexicos bicameral Congress. ... The Institutional Revolutionary Party (Spanish: Partido Revolucionario Institucional or PRI) is a Mexican political party that wielded hegemonic power in the country—under a succession of names—for more than 70 years. ... Political division of Mexico The following table presents a listing of Mexicos 31 federal states (and its Federal District, officially not a state), ranked in order of their surface area. ... Political division of Mexico The following table presents a listing of Mexicos 31 federal states (and its Federal District, officially not a state), ranked in order of their total population (per year 2000 census data from INEGI). ... A demonym or gentilic is a word that denotes the members of a people or the inhabitants of a place. ... The Mountain Standard Time Zone is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting seven hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). ... Mountain Daylight Time or MDT is the Mountain Standard Time Zone (or MST) during Daylight Savings Time. ... This page talks about Human Development Index, for other HDIs see HDI (disambiguation) World map indicating Human Development Index (2007). ... States of Mexico colored by HDI The following table presents a listing of Mexicos 31 federal states (and its Federal District, officially not a state), ranked in order of their Human Development Index, as reported by the United Nations in 2004. ... ISO 3166-2 is the second part of the ISO 3166 standard. ...


Chihuahua is a state in northern Mexico with a mainland area of 244,938 square kilometers (94,571.1 sq mi), slightly bigger than the United Kingdom. It is surrounded by the Mexican states of Sonora, Sinaloa, Durango and Coahuila and the U.S. states of Texas and New Mexico. Chihuahua is the largest state in Mexico by area, and therefore has the nickname, "El Estado Grande." The United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos or Mexico) comprises 31 states (estados) and one federal district (Distrito Federal), which contains the capital, Mexico City. ... Sonora is a state in northwestern Mexico, bordering the states of Chihuahua to the east, Sinaloa to the south, and Baja California to the northwest. ... Location within Mexico Municipalities of Sinaloa Country Mexico Capital Municipalities 18 Government  - Governor Jesús Alberto Aguilar Padilla  - Federal Deputies PRI: 6 PAN: 2  - Federal Senators PRI: 2 PAN: 1 Area Ranked 18th  - Total 58,238 km² (22,485. ... Durango (IPA pronunciation ) is one of the constituent states of Mexico. ... Coahuila (formal name: Coahuila de Zaragoza) is one of Mexicos 31 component states. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of... For other uses, see Texas (disambiguation). ... Capital Santa Fe Largest city Albuquerque Largest metro area Albuquerque metropolitan area Area  Ranked 5th  - Total 121,665 sq mi (315,194 km²)  - Width 342 miles (550 km)  - Length 370 miles (595 km)  - % water 0. ...


Although Chihuahua is primarily identified with its namesake, the Chihuahuan Desert, it has more forests than any other Mexican state. On the slope of the Sierra Madre Occidental mountains (around the regions of Casas Grandes, Cuauhtémoc and Parral), there are vast prairies of short yellow grass, the source of the bulk of the state's agricultural production. Map of the Chihuahuan Desert. ... This picture shows an aerial view of the Sierra Madre Occidental crossing the territory of Durango, western Mexico The Sierra Madre Occidental is a mountain range in western Mexico and the extreme southwest of the United States, extending 1500 km from southeast Arizona (south and east of Tucson) southeast through...


As of 2005, there were 3.2 million inhabitants of the state. The largest city is the U.S.-border city of Ciudad Juárez, which has 1,301,452 residents (2005 census). The capital, Chihuahua, has 748,518 inhabitants. Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Border (disambiguation). ... Ciudad Juárez, or simply Juárez, is a city in the Mexican state of Chihuahua formerly known as El Paso del Norte. ... Nickname: Motto: Bravery, Loyalty, Hospitality Coordinates: , Country State Foundation October 12, 1709 Government  - Mayor Carlos Borruel Baquera ( PAN) Elevation 1,415 m (4,642 ft) Population (2006)  - City 748,551  - Metro 1,000,124  - Demonym Chihuahuense Time zone Mountain Standard Time (UTC-7)  - Summer (DST) Mountain Daylight Time (UTC-6...


The state also has a large service sector: tourism, banking and high-tech enterprises.


One of the most notable features of Chihuahua is the Barranca del Cobre, or Copper Canyon, a spectacular canyon system larger and deeper than the Grand Canyon. The Copper Canyon The Copper Canyon (Spanish: Barranca del Cobre) is a canyon system in the Sierra Tarahumara in the southwestern part of the state of Chihuahua in Mexico. ... This article is about the canyon in the southwestern United States. ...


Chihuahua played a pivotal role in the Mexican Revolution and was a battleground between revolutionary forces led by Pancho Villa and federal forces. This article is about the Mexican Revolution of 1910. ... For the Filipino boxer, see Francisco Guilledo. ...


Chihuahua is one of the Mexican states that holds a slight population plurality of people that are primarily of European ancestry (as is the case in much of northern Mexico), with around 49% of the state population being of European descent, commonly Spanish, Italian, German, French, Irish, Russian and Dutch. Around 45% of its population has mixed European and Amerindian ancestry (Mestizo). The population of Amerindians in northern Mexico tends to be low compared to the southern part, and Chihuahua is no exception. While there are Amerindians in Chihuahua, they comprise only around 6% of the state's population, and they mostly live in isolated areas in the mountains. For other uses, see Native Americans (disambiguation). ...

Contents

History

Spanish exploration of the area began in 1531 with Nuño Beltrán de Guzmán's expedition. He called the area Nueva Galicia after his birthplace, although that name later came to be applied to a different area, namely what became the colonial intendencia of Guadalajara. Nueva Vizcaya originally included the area of Spanish settlement north of Zacatecas. Eventually that included most of the area of the modern Mexican states of Chihuahua and Durango, and at times parts of the states of Sinaloa, Sonora and Coahuila. NUEVA VIZCAYA. Nueva Vizcaya was the first province of northern Mexico to be explored and settled by the Spanish. ... Nuño Guzmán de Beltrán or Nuño Beltrán de Guzmán (15th century-1550) was a Spanish conquistador and dictator in colonial Mexico. ... Nueva Galicia (New Galicia) was a region of New Spain. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Coordinates: , Country State Foundation 1542 Government  - Mayor Alfonso Petersen Farah ( PAN) Area  - City 187. ... Zacatecas is one of the 31 constituent states of Mexico. ... Durango (IPA pronunciation ) is one of the constituent states of Mexico. ... Location within Mexico Municipalities of Sinaloa Country Mexico Capital Municipalities 18 Government  - Governor Jesús Alberto Aguilar Padilla  - Federal Deputies PRI: 6 PAN: 2  - Federal Senators PRI: 2 PAN: 1 Area Ranked 18th  - Total 58,238 km² (22,485. ... Sonora is a state in northwestern Mexico, bordering the states of Chihuahua to the east, Sinaloa to the south, and Baja California to the northwest. ... Coahuila (formal name: Coahuila de Zaragoza) is one of Mexicos 31 component states. ...


The objections that led to the division of the internal provinces in 1785, increased with growing population and resources. In 1804, a royal decree ordered the redivision of the provinces into two districts. The new comandante general of each district exercised the same authority as the existing commander. [1] Commandant is a military or police title or rank and can mean any of the following: The commander of certain military corps and services, such as the Commandant of the Marine Corps and the Commandant of the Coast Guard in the United States or the Commandant of the (now obsolete...


War of independence

The war of independence started in 1812. Viceroy Venegas appointed brigadier Alejo Garcia Conde, governor of Sonora and Sinaloa to the command of the Occidente region.[1] Command of the Oriente region was offered to the Mariscal de campo, Felix Calleja, who declined the position. It was offered to Simon Herrera, governor of Nuevo León, but he was killed by insurgents before he could accept the position. Finally, José Joaquín de Arredondo received the position.[1] Francisco Javier Venegas de Saavedra, marqués de la Reunión y de Nueva España, Viceroy of New Spain Francisco Javier Venegas de Saavedra, marqués de la Reunión y de Nueva España (1760, Bujalance, Spain—1818, Spain) was a Spanish military officer and viceroy of New... Sonora is a state in northwestern Mexico, bordering the states of Chihuahua to the east, Sinaloa to the south, and Baja California to the northwest. ... Location within Mexico Municipalities of Sinaloa Country Mexico Capital Municipalities 18 Government  - Governor Jesús Alberto Aguilar Padilla  - Federal Deputies PRI: 6 PAN: 2  - Federal Senators PRI: 2 PAN: 1 Area Ranked 18th  - Total 58,238 km² (22,485. ... Don Félix María Calleja del Rey, conde de Calderón Félix María Calleja del Rey, 1st Count of Calderón (Spanish: Félix María Calleja del Rey, primer conde de Calderón) (November 1, 1753, Medina del Campo, Spain—July 24, 1828, Valencia, Spain) was... Nuevo León (Spanish for New León, after the former kingdom in Spain) is a state located in northeastern Mexico. ... José Joaquín de Arredondo (1768 - 1837) was a 19th century Spanish–Mexican soldier who served as Chief Civil and Military Commandant of Texas during the first Texas revolution. ...


Gutiérrez de Lara

After the suppression of the insurrection of 1811 in Nuevo Santander, José Bernardo Maximiliano Gutiérrez de Lara, a citizen of Revilla, and a strong supporter of the revolutionary movement, took refuge in the United States, seeking assistance on behalf of his cause. The welcome accorded to him by the people, and the well-known intentions of the United States government with regard to the Texan frontier, had given rise to no little uneasiness in Mexico, which was further increased by a report that he was marching at the head of a large army, returning to aid the insurgents.[1] Nuevo Santander (New Santander) was a region of New Spain, corresponding generally to the modern Mexican state of Tamaulipas. ... Nueva Ciudad Guerrero (English: New Guerrero City) is a city in the Mexican state of Tamaulipas it lies on the banks of the Rio Grande, near the U.S.-Mexico border, opposite to Falcon Heights, Texas. ...


The troops under Gutiérrez de Lara's command consisted of only 450 men, many of whom were military adventurers from the United States. He invaded Texas with this slender force in 1812, taking possession of several cities and driving back the forces of Manuel María de Salcedo and José Joaquín de Herrera. Warned of this danger, José Joaquín de Arredondo, whose forces were quartered in the valley del Maiz, marched to engage Gutiérrez de Lara, collecting men and material on the way through Nuevo Santander. Colonel Ignacio Elizondo, sent in advance, allowed himself to be drawn into an engagement, and was totally routed.[1] A filibuster is a private individual who engages in unauthorized warfare against a foreign country, often with the intent of overthrowing the existing government. ... The Gutiérrez-Magee Expedition was an 1812-13 joint Mexican-American filibustering expedition against Spanish Texas. ... José Joaquín de Herrera (1792-1854) was twice president of Mexico. ... José Joaquín de Arredondo (1768 - 1837) was a 19th century Spanish–Mexican soldier who served as Chief Civil and Military Commandant of Texas during the first Texas revolution. ...


A few weeks later Arredondo himself defeated the insurgents, now under the command of José Álvarez de Toledo y Dubois, who had replaced Gutiérrez de Lara. Many prisoners were executed, including all the captured U. S. citizens, ending all hope of aid from the United States.


Issues of increased of population and development of natural resources took second place to military matters and the suppression of revolutionary movements. In the northwest hostilities with Indians continued, while in the east revolution fomenting.[1]


Insurgent’s trial

Salcedo managed to accumulate a large fortune while avoiding the conflict to the south. From May to July, 1811, he was responsible for overseeing the trial and execution of Miguel Hidalgo, and his chief officers.[1] Miguel Hidalgo. ...


Nueva Vizcaya was not spared from the war. A month before Hidalgo’s capture, a number of insurgents were detained, and a conflict at San Francisco between several hundred men occurred early in 1812.[1] Nueva Vizcaya is a province of the Philippines located in the Cagayan Valley region in Luzon. ... Miguel Hidalgo. ...


Independence

Toward the close of 1814, José Félix Trespalacios and Juan Pablo Caballero planned an outbreak at Chihuahua, but the plot was revealed to Garcia Conde, who now controlled the Occidente section from this point, and promptly arrested the principals. The men were pardoned through the efforts of authorities and clergy. Chihuahua continued to suffer from Apache raids, and Durango a brief rebellion by the Opatas in 1820, which was quelled without any serious bloodshed. In 1819 explorer Zebulon Pike visited and the Jesuits were reestablished.[1] For other uses, see Apache (disambiguation). ... The Opata (enemies, so called by their neighbors the Pimas) were a tribe of Mexican Indians of Piman stock. ... Zebulon Pike Jr. ... The Society of Jesus (Latin: Societas Iesu), commonly known as the Jesuits, is a Roman Catholic religious order. ...


Spanish Constitution of 1812 was well received by the provinces, but was suspended soon after by the viceroy. Nueva Vizcaya managed to elect a representative to the Cortes Generales. Royalist Agustin de Iturbide went to Durango to make a final effort in behalf of Spain. He entered that city July 4, 1821, attended by officials from Zacatecas and other points, with a few hundred soldiers. Pedro Celestino Negrete, Iturbide’s lieutenant, followed in pursuit, and laid siege to the city early in August, with about 3,000 men.[1] The Spanish Constitution of 1812 was promulgated by the Cortes Generales (General Courts), the national legislative assembly of Spain. ... The Cortes Generales (Spanish for General Courts) is the legislature of Spain. ... Agust n Cosme Dami n de Iturbide y Ar mburu (September 27, 1783 – July 19, 1824) was Emperor of Mexico from 1822 to 1823. ... is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1821 (MDCCCXXI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Zacatecas is one of the 31 constituent states of Mexico. ... Pedro Celestino Negrete (1777–1846) was President of Mexico from October 4, 1823 to October 10, 1824. ...


The defense was maintained for over three weeks, with brisk firing and occasional sorties, varied by assaults, which involved severe losses. Negrete finally planted a battery against a vulnerable point, and on the August 30 gained a decided advantage. By this time defection undermined the zeal of the royalist. A truce was accepted, and on September 3 the garrison surrendered, with the honors of war, and permission to retire with Cruz to Spain.[1] is the 242nd day of the year (243rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 246th day of the year (247th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


First empire

M. Urrea was installed as governor, while Antonio Cordero, who had governed at Durango as civil and military governor for the past three years, replaced of Garcia Conde.[1] Durango (IPA pronunciation ) is one of the constituent states of Mexico. ...


Province of the Federal Republic of Mexico

The federalists rose against Agustin de Iturbide, joined by Chihuahua after a momentary objection from Janos. Durango was initially against the movement, but on March 5, 1823 it gained the favor of the troops followed by the people. Comandante general Cordero resigned, as did Brigadier I. del Corral, civil and military governor at Durango, whereupon a provincial delegation declared Juan Navarro successor to the latter, and Gaspar de Ochoa, as commander in place of Cordero.[1] Agust n Cosme Dami n de Iturbide y Ar mburu (September 27, 1783 – July 19, 1824) was Emperor of Mexico from 1822 to 1823. ... Durango (IPA pronunciation ) is one of the constituent states of Mexico. ... This article is about the day. ... 1823 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...


Division of Nueva Vizcaya

On July 19, 1823, the supreme congress decreed the division of Nueva Vizcaya into two provinces, to be known as Chihuahua and Durango. The capital of the former receiving the title of city and became the seat of a provincial council. Chihuahua, with a population of over 100,000, benefited from a separate administration from that of the distant and sometimes uncooperative Durango. Nevertheless, a party persuaded the chamber to create a new state — Estado Interno del Norte — by reuniting the two provinces and including New Mexico, with a capital at Chihuahua. Durango, however, raised objections, demanding retention of the capital, or exclusion from the new state, because of its large population and superior resources.[1] is the 200th day of the year (201st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1823 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Nueva Vizcaya is a province of the Philippines located in the Cagayan Valley region in Luzon. ... Durango (IPA pronunciation ) is one of the constituent states of Mexico. ... Capital Santa Fe Largest city Albuquerque Largest metro area Albuquerque metropolitan area Area  Ranked 5th  - Total 121,665 sq mi (315,194 km²)  - Width 342 miles (550 km)  - Length 370 miles (595 km)  - % water 0. ... Nickname: Motto: Bravery, Loyalty, Hospitality Coordinates: , Country State Foundation October 12, 1709 Government  - Mayor Carlos Borruel Baquera ( PAN) Elevation 1,415 m (4,642 ft) Population (2006)  - City 748,551  - Metro 1,000,124  - Demonym Chihuahuense Time zone Mountain Standard Time (UTC-7)  - Summer (DST) Mountain Daylight Time (UTC-6...


On May 22 and July 6, 1824 the separation was affirmed, New Mexico being declared a territory of the federation. In the following year the two states, issued their constitution. Chihuahua established a legislative chamber of not less than eleven deputies, while Durango created a senate of seven members in addition to a legislature.[1] is the 142nd day of the year (143rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 187th day of the year (188th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1824 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Capital Santa Fe Largest city Albuquerque Largest metro area Albuquerque metropolitan area Area  Ranked 5th  - Total 121,665 sq mi (315,194 km²)  - Width 342 miles (550 km)  - Length 370 miles (595 km)  - % water 0. ...


Constituent legislature

In the constituent legislature or convention, the conservative and liberal elements formed using the nicknames of Chirrines and Cuchas. The military entered as a third party. The elections for the first regular legislature were disputed, and it was not until May 1, 1826, that the body was installed. The liberals gained control and the opposition responded by fomenting a conspiracy. This was promptly stopped with the aid of informers, and more strenuous measures were taken against the conservatives. Extra powers were conferred on the Durango governor, Santiago Baca Ortiz, deputy to the first national congress, and leader of the liberal party.[1] Conservatism is a term used to describe political philosophies that favor tradition and gradual change, where tradition refers to religious, cultural, or nationally defined beliefs and customs. ... Look up liberal on Wiktionary, the free dictionary Liberal may refer to: Politics: Liberalism American liberalism, a political trend in the USA Political progressivism, a political ideology that is for change, often associated with liberal movements Liberty, the condition of being free from control or restrictions Liberal Party, members of... is the 121st day of the year (122nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The oldest surviving photograph, Nicéphore Niépce, circa 1826 1826 (MDCCCXXVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


Gonzalez’ rebelion

Opponents continued to plot against the new government. In March 1827, Lieutenant J.M. Gonzalez proclaimed himself comandante general, arrested the governor, and dissolved the legislature. General Parras was sent to suppress the movement. Comandante general J. J. Ayestaran was replaced by Jose Figueroa. When elections failed, the government intervened in favor of the Yorkino party, which had elected Vicente Guerrero to the presidency.[1] General José Figueroa (1792 – 9 September 1835), governor of Alta California from 1833 to 1835, who oversaw the secularization of the missions of California. ... Vicente Ramón Guerrero Saldaña (August 10, 1782 – February 14, 1831) was one of the leaders of Mexicos struggle for independence from Spain and an early President of Mexico. ...


Because of the general instability of the Mexican government during 1828, the installation of the new legislature did not take place until the middle of the following year. It was quickly dissolved by Governor Baca, who replaced it with a more pronounced Yorkino type. When Guerrero’s liberal administration was overthrown in December, Gaspar de Ochoa aligned with Anastasio Bustamante, and in February 1830, organized an opposition group that arrested the new governor, F. Elorriaga, along with other prominent Yorkinos. He then summoned the legislature, which had been dissolved by Baca. The civil and military authorities were now headed by J. A. Pescador and Ochoa.[1] Anastasio Bustamante (July 27, 1780, Jiquilpan Michoacán—February 6, 1853, San Miguel de Allende, Querétaro) was president of Mexico three times, from 1830 to 1832, from 1837 to 1839 and from 1839 to 1841. ...


Vicente Guerrero

The general features of the preceding occurrence applied also to Chihuahua, although in a modified form. The first person elected under the new constitution of 1825, was Simon Elias Gonzalez, who being in Sonora, was induced to remain there. J. A. Arce took his place as ruler in Chihuahua. In 1829, Gonzalez became comandante general of Chihuahua, when his term of office on the west coast expired. Arce was less of a yorkino than his confrere of Durango. Although unable to resist the popular demand for the expulsion of the Spaniards, he soon quarreled with the legislature, which declared itself firmly for Guerrero, and announcing his support of Bustamante’s revolution, he suspended, in March 1830, eight members of that body, the vice-governor, and several other officials, and expelled them from the state. The course thus outlined was followed by Governor J. I. Madero, who succeeded in 1831, associated with J. J. Calvo as comandante general, stringent laws being issued against secret societies, which were supposed to be the main spring to the anti-clerical feeling among liberals.[1] Sonora is a state in northwestern Mexico, bordering the states of Chihuahua to the east, Sinaloa to the south, and Baja California to the northwest. ... Vicente Ramón Guerrero Saldaña (August 10, 1782 – February 14, 1831) was one of the leaders of Mexicos struggle for independence from Spain and an early President of Mexico. ... Bustamante is a name of Hispanic origin. ... A secret society is a social organization that requires its members to conceal certain activities—such as rites of initiation or club ceremonies—from outsiders. ...


Durango and Bustamante

The anti-clerical feeling was wide-spread, and Durango supported the initial reaction against the government at Mexico. In May 1832, Jose Urrea, a rising officer, supported the restoration of President Pedraza. On July 20, Governor Elorriaga was reinstated, and Baca along with the legislative minority were brought back to form a new legislature, which met on September 1. Chihuahua showied no desire to imitate the evolutionary movement and Urrea prepared to invade the state. Comandante-general J.J.Calvo threatened to retaliate, and a conflict seemed imminent. The entry of General Santa Anna into Mexico brought calm, as the leaders waited for clarity.[1] Durango (IPA pronunciation ) is one of the constituent states of Mexico. ... b. ... Pedraza is a town and municipality of the Colombian Department of Magdalena. ... is the 201st day of the year (202nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Antonio de Padua María Severino López de Santa Anna y Pérez de Lebrón, also known simply as Santa Anna (21 February 1794 – 21 June 1876) was a Mexican patriot and dictator who greatly influenced early Mexican and Spanish politics and government, first fighting against independence from...


Santa Anna

Bishop Zubiria was banished for resisting the law relating to priests and other encroachments on the church; another joined the western states in a short lived coalition for sustaining the federal system. Chihuahua adopted the Cuernavaca in July 1834 while President Valentín Gómez Farías was in power. Because the plan was not enforced, commanding officer, Colonel J.I. Gutierrez, declared the term of the legislature and governor expired on September 3. At a convention of citizens called to select a new provisional ruler, Gutierrez obtained the vote, with P. J. Escalante for his deputy, and a council to guide the administration.[1] Santa Ana ordered the reinstatement of Mendarozqueta as comandante general. Gutierrez yielded, but Escalante refused to surrender office, demonstrations of support ensued, but Escalante yielded when troops were summoned from Zacatecas. A new election brought a new legislature, and conforming governors. In September 1835 Jose Urrea a federalist army officer came into power.[1] Valentín Gómez Farías Valentín Gómez Farías (14 February 1781 – 5 July 1858) was twice acting president of Mexico in the 1830s and 1840s. ... is the 246th day of the year (247th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Antonio de Padua María Severino López de Santa Anna y Pérez de Lebrón, also known simply as Santa Anna (21 February 1794 – 21 June 1876) was a Mexican patriot and dictator who greatly influenced early Mexican and Spanish politics and government, first fighting against independence from... Zacatecas is one of the 31 constituent states of Mexico. ... b. ...


Comandante general Simon Elias Gonzalez, was nominated governor and military command was given to Colonel J.J. Calvo, whose firmness had earned well-merited praise. The state was in the midst of a war with the Apaches, which became the focus of all their energy and resources. After a review of the situation, Simon Elias Gonzalez declared that the interests of the territory would be best served by uniting the civil and military power, at least while the campaign lasted. He resigned under opposition, but was renominated in 1837.[1] For other uses, see Apache (disambiguation). ...


Administrative divisions

Chihuahua is subdivided into 67 municipios (municipalities). See municipalities of Chihuahua. A municipio (Spanish for municipality) is a second-level political and administrative division in Mexico. ... A municipality is an administrative entity composed of a clearly defined territory and its population and commonly referring to a city, town, or village, or a small grouping of them. ... The Mexican state of Chihuahua is divided into 67 municipalities (municipios): Categories: Lists of municipalities of Mexico | Mexican states ...

  1. Ahumada
  2. Aldama
  3. Allende
  4. Aquiles Serdán
  5. Ascensión
  6. Bachiniva
  7. Balleza
  8. Batopilas
  9. Bocoyna
  10. Buenaventura
  11. Camargo
  12. Carichi
  13. Casas Grandes
  14. Chihuahua
  15. Chinipas
  16. Coronado
  17. Coyame del Sotol
  18. Cuauhtémoc
  19. Cusihuiriachi
  20. Delicias
  1. Dr. Belisario Domínguez
  2. El Tule
  3. Galeana
  4. Gómez Farías
  5. Gran Morelos
  6. Guachochi
  7. Guadalupe
  8. Guadalupe y Calvo
  9. Guazapares
  10. Guerrero
  11. Hidalgo del Parral
  12. Huejotitán
  13. Ignacio Zaragoza
  14. Janos
  1. Jiménez
  2. Juárez
  3. Julimes
  4. La Cruz
  5. López
  6. Madera
  7. Maguarichi
  8. Manuel Benavides
  9. Matachi
  10. Matamoros
  11. Meoqui
  12. Morelos
  13. Moris
  14. Namiquipa
  15. Nonoava
  16. Nuevo Casas Grandes
  17. Ocampo
  1. Ojinaga
  2. Praxedis G. Guerrero
  3. Riva Palacio
  4. Rosales
  5. Rosario
  6. San Francisco de Borja
  7. San Francisco de Conchos
  8. San Francisco del Oro
  9. Santa Bárbara
  10. Santa Isabel
  11. Satevo
  12. Saucillo
  13. Temósachi
  14. Urique
  15. Uruachi
  16. Valle de Zaragoza

Allende may refer to: Salvador Allende, President of Chile Isabel Allende, Chilean writer and niece of Salvador Allende Fernando Allende, Mexican entertainer Isabel Allende Bussi, Chilean politician and daughter of Salvador Allende Ignacio Allende, Captain of the Spanish Army in Mexico Places Allende, Coahuila, Mexico Allende, Guanajuato, Mexico This is... Aquiles Serdán (November 1, 1876 - November 18, 1910) took part in the Mexican Revolution and was an opponent of Porfirio Díaz. ... Batopilas is a small town in the Mexican state of Chihuahua, located along the Batopilas River at the bottom of one of the canyons that make up the Copper Canyon. ... Buenaventura is the name of Spanish anarchist Buenaventura Durruti who was a hero of the Spanish Civil War an indipendent cultural center in Veneto, Italy: see Oficina di Buenaventura, Castelfranco Veneto a town in Chihuahua, Mexico: see Buenaventura, Chihuahua a town in Colombia: see Buenaventura, Colombia the Buenaventura River in... Camargo is a town in Chihuahua, Mexico. ... Casas Grandes (Great Houses), a small village in Mexico, in the state of Chihuahua, situated on the Casas Grandes or San Miguel river, about 35 m. ... Nickname: Motto: Bravery, Loyalty, Hospitality Coordinates: , Country State Foundation October 12, 1709 Government  - Mayor Carlos Borruel Baquera ( PAN) Elevation 1,415 m (4,642 ft) Population (2006)  - City 748,551  - Metro 1,000,124  - Demonym Chihuahuense Time zone Mountain Standard Time (UTC-7)  - Summer (DST) Mountain Daylight Time (UTC-6... Coronado may refer to the following: Francisco Vasquez de Coronado, the Spanish conquistador The city of Coronado, California The Fender Coronado, an electric guitar The 2003 movie, Coronado The Coronado volcano in Mexico The Consolidated PB2Y Coronado airplane US Naval vessel USS Coronado This is a disambiguation page — a navigational... Cuauhtémoc is a city and the seat of the Cuauhtémoc municipality located in the west-central part of the state of Chihuahua in Mexico. ... Delicias is a town in the state of Chihuahua, Mexico. ... Full width of trunk El Árbol del Tule (Spanish for the Tule Tree) is a very large tree located in the church grounds in the town center of Santa María del Tule in the Mexican state of Oaxaca, approximately 13 km from the city of Oaxaca on the road... Galeana The municipality of Galeana in Mexican state of Nuevo León is named after Hermenegildo Galeana, a lieutenant involved in the countrys independence. ... Guadalupe (or Guadeloupe) may refer to: The Basilica of Guadalupe, Mexico City Guadalupe, a city part of the metropolitan area of Monterrey, Mexico Villa de Guadalupe, a former town near Mexico City Guadalupe, a village near Tecate, Baja California, Mexico Guadalupe, in Puebla, Mexico Guadalupe, in Zacatecas, Mexico Guadalupe, a... Guerrero is a state in the United Mexican States. ... Hidalgo de Parral was founded as an important mining center in Nueva Vizcaya. ... Ignacio Zaragoza Ignacio Zaragoza Seguín (March 24, 1829 – September 8, 1862) was a general in the Mexican Army, best known for his 1862 victory against the French invading forces in the Battle of Puebla on May 5 (the Cinco de Mayo). ... Juárez - slang referral to Warez ... Cruz is a surname of Iberian origin. ... Madera may refer to: Madera, Chihuahua, Mexico Madera, California, United States Madera County, California, United States This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The name Matamoros, meaning Moor-killer or Moor-slayer in Spanish, may refer to: People Santiago Matamoros, St. ... Morelos is one of the constituent states of Mexico. ... The MureÅŸ (Romanian) or Maros (Hungarian) is an approximately 725 km long river, rising in the Giurgeu Range in the Eastern Carpathian Mountains, Romania. ... Chihuahua in Mexico Nuevo Casas Grandes, also known as Nueva Casas Grandes, is a city in Mexico. ... Ojinaga is a rural town in northern region of the Mexican state of Chihuahua. ... Families Barbeyaceae Cannabaceae (hemp family) Dirachmaceae Elaeagnaceae Moraceae (mulberry family) Rosaceae (rose family) Rhamnaceae (buckthorn family) Ulmaceae (elm family) Urticaceae (nettle family) For the Philippine municipality, see Rosales, Pangasinan. ... Rosario is the largest city of the province of Santa Fe, Argentina. ...

Major communities

Camargo is a town in Chihuahua, Mexico. ... Nickname: Motto: Bravery, Loyalty, Hospitality Coordinates: , Country State Foundation October 12, 1709 Government  - Mayor Carlos Borruel Baquera ( PAN) Elevation 1,415 m (4,642 ft) Population (2006)  - City 748,551  - Metro 1,000,124  - Demonym Chihuahuense Time zone Mountain Standard Time (UTC-7)  - Summer (DST) Mountain Daylight Time (UTC-6... Ciudad Juárez, or simply Juárez, is a city in the Mexican state of Chihuahua formerly known as El Paso del Norte. ... Cuauhtémoc is a city and the seat of the Cuauhtémoc municipality located in the west-central part of the state of Chihuahua in Mexico. ... Delicias is a town in the state of Chihuahua, Mexico. ... The town of Madera is an active logging community in the mountains of the northwestern Mexican state of Chihuahua. ... Chihuahua in Mexico Nuevo Casas Grandes, also known as Nueva Casas Grandes, is a city in Mexico. ... Ojinaga is a rural town in northern region of the Mexican state of Chihuahua. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ...

Economy

As of 2005, Chihuahua’s economy represents 4.5% of of Mexico’s total gross domestic product or 29,826 million USD.[2] Chihuahua's economy has a strong focus on export oriented manufacturing (i.e. maquiladora / INMEX). As of 2005, 329,939 people are employed in the manufacturing sector.[3] There are a more than 406 companies operating under the federal INMEX or Prosec program in Chihuahua. The average wage for an employee in Chihuahua is approximately 193 pesos per day.[4] This article is about GDP in the context of economics. ... A maquiladora or maquila is a factory that imports materials and equipment on a duty-free and tariff-free basis for assembly or manufacturing and then re-exports the assembled product, usually back to the originating country. ... Proseč is name of several locations in the Czech Republic: Proseč, a village in Pardubice Region (Chrudim District) village Proseč is administrative part of village Seč, Pardubice Region (Chrudim District) Category: ...


Pictures

See also

Geographic coordinates: Map of Mexico The geography of Mexico entails the physical and human geography of Mexico, a country situated in the northern[1][2]/mid-latitudes of the Americas. ...

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w History Of The North Mexican States And Texas, Vol. II 1801-1889, San Francisco,The History Company, Publishers,1889, Chapter 24
  2. ^ (2007) Industrial Costs in Mexico - A Guide for Foreign Investors 2007. Mexico City: Bancomext, 92. 
  3. ^ (2007) Industrial Costs in Mexico - A Guide for Foreign Investors 2007. Mexico City: Bancomext, 92. 
  4. ^ Banco de Información Económica. Sistemas Nacionales Estadístico y de Información Geográfica. Retrieved on 2008-03-18.

2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 77th day of the year (78th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • Chihuahua is at coordinates 28°38′N 106°05′W / 28.63, -106.08 (Chihuahua)Coordinates: 28°38′N 106°05′W / 28.63, -106.08 (Chihuahua)
Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... The United Mexican States are a federation made up by thirty-one free and sovereign states. ... Aguascalientes IPA: is a state of Mexico, situated in the center of the country. ... Location within Mexico Municipalities of Baja California Country Capital Municipalities 5 Largest City Tijuana Government  - Governor José Guadalupe Osuna Millán (PAN)  - Federal Deputies PAN: 8  - Federal Senators Alejandro González (PAN) Rafael Díaz (PAN) Fernando Castro (PRI) Area Ranked 12th  - Total 69,921 km² (26,996. ... Baja California Sur (English: South Lower California) is one of the 31 States of Mexico, occupying the part of the Baja California Peninsula south of the 28th parallel. ... Location within Mexico Country Capital Municipalities 11 Largest City San Francisco de Campeche Government  - Governor Jorge Carlos Hurtado Valdez (PRI)  - Federal Deputies PRI:2  - Federal Senators PRI:2 PAN:1 Area Ranked 18th  - State 50,812 km²  (19,618. ... Location within Mexico Country  Mexico Capital Tuxtla Gutiérrez Municipalities 118 Largest City Tuxtla Gutiérrez Government  - Governor Juan José Sabines Guerrero ( PRD)  - Federal Deputies PRI: 7 PRD: 5  - Federal Senators PRI: 1 PRD: 1 PVEM: 1 Area Ranked 8th  - State 74,211 km²  (28,653 sq mi) Population (2005... Coahuila (formal name: Coahuila de Zaragoza) is one of Mexicos 31 component states. ... Location within Mexico Country  Mexico Capital Colima Municipalities 10 Largest City Manzanillo Government  - Governor Jesus Silverio Cavazos Ceballos (PRI)  - Federal Deputies PAN: 2  - Federal Senators PAN: 2 PRI: 1 Area Ranked 29th  - State 5,191 km²  (2,004. ... Durango (IPA pronunciation ) is one of the constituent states of Mexico. ... Guanajuato is a state in the central highlands of Mexico. ... Guerrero is a state in the United Mexican States. ... Hidalgo is a state in central Mexico, with an area of 20,502 km². In 2000 the state had a population of some 2,231,000 people. ... Location within Mexico Country Capital Municipalities 126 Largest City Guadalajara Government  - Governor Emilio González Márquez (PAN)  - Federal Deputies PAN: 18 PRI: 1  - Federal Senators Eva Contreras (PAN) Héctor Pérez (PAN) Ramiro Hernández (PRI) Area Ranked 6th  - State 30,534. ... The United Mexican States, or Mexico, is a federal republic, comprising 31 states. ... Location within Mexico Country Capital Municipalities 113 Government  - Governor Lazaro Cardenas Batel (PRD)  - Federal Deputies PRD: 8 PAN: 4  - Federal Senators Jesús Garibay García (PRD) Silvano Aureoles Conejo (PRD) Marko A. Cortés (PAN) Area Ranked 16th  - Total 59,928 km² (23,138. ... Morelos is one of the constituent states of Mexico. ... Location within Mexico Country Capital Municipalities 20 Government  - Governor Ney González Sánchez (PRI)  - Federal Deputies PRI: 2 PRD: 1  - Federal Senators PRI: 2 PRD: 1 Area Ranked 23rd  - State 26,979 km²  (10,416. ... Nuevo León (Spanish for New León, after the former kingdom in Spain) is a state located in northeastern Mexico. ... Catedral de Santo Domingo The Free and Sovereign State of Oaxaca or simply Oaxaca   is one of the 31 states of Mexico, located in the southern part of Mexico, west of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec. ... The Mexican state of Puebla is located in the center of the country, to the east of Mexico City. ... Querétaro (formal name: Querétaro Arteaga) is a state in central Mexico. ... Quintana Roo is a state of Mexico, on the eastern part of the Yucatán Peninsula. ... The Mexican state of San Luis Potosí has an area of 62,848 km² (24,266 mi²). It is in the north-central part of the Mexican republic, bordered by the states of Jalisco, Guanajuato, Querétaro, Hidalgo, Veracruz, Tamaulipas, Nuevo León, Coahuila, and Zacatecas. ... Location within Mexico Municipalities of Sinaloa Country Mexico Capital Municipalities 18 Government  - Governor Jesús Alberto Aguilar Padilla  - Federal Deputies PRI: 6 PAN: 2  - Federal Senators PRI: 2 PAN: 1 Area Ranked 18th  - Total 58,238 km² (22,485. ... Sonora is a state in northwestern Mexico, bordering the states of Chihuahua to the east, Sinaloa to the south, and Baja California to the northwest. ... This article is about the Mexican state of Tabasco. ... Tamaulipas is a state in the northeast of Mexico. ... For other uses, see Tlaxcala (disambiguation). ... Location within Mexico Country Capital Municipalities 212 Largest City Veracruz Government  - Governor Fidel Herrera Beltrán (PRI)  - Federal Deputies PRI: 6 PAN: 11 PRD: 2 Convergencia: 2  - Federal Senators PRD: 1 PAN: 1 Convergencia: 1 Area Ranked 11th  - Total 71,699 km² (27,683. ... Location within Mexico Country Capital Municipalities 106 Government  - Governor Ivonne Ortega Pacheco PRI  - Federal Deputies PAN: 4 PRI: 1  - Federal Senators Hugo Laviada (PAN) Alfredo Rodríguez (PAN) Cleominio Zoreda (PRI) Area Ranked 20th  - State 38,402 km²  (14,827. ... Zacatecas is one of the 31 constituent states of Mexico. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mexico. ... Nickname: Location of Mexico City Coordinates: , Country Federal entity Boroughs The 16 delegaciones Founded c. ...

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Chihuahua Information and Pictures, Chihuahuas, Taco Bell Dog (1160 words)
Chihuahua's are strong-willed, intensely loyal and become very attached to their owners, even to the point of jealousy.
This is not typical Chihuahua behavior, but I tend to think that it was the socialization that made her the way she is today.
The Chihuahua is named after the Mexican state of Chihuahua where he was brought to the rest of the world by travelers.
Chihuahua - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (381 words)
Chihuahua stands on the U.S.-Mexico border, bounded on the north by the U.S. states of Texas and New Mexico and, to the east of Ciudad Juárez, by the Río Bravo del Norte (Rio Grande).
Chihuahua's population is predominantly Mestizo and Creole, but includes such minority groups as the indigenous Tarahumara in the mountainous areas, as well as large rural communities of Mennonites of German origin and Anglo-American Mormon settlers (primarily in Colonia Juarez).
Chihuahua played a pivotal role in the Mexican Revolution, and was a battleground between revolutionary forces led by Pancho Villa and federal forces.
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