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Encyclopedia > Chico Buarque

Chico Buarque (full name: Francisco Buarque de Hollanda; born June 19, 1944 in Rio de Janeiro) is a Brazilian singer, composer, dramatist and writer. He is best known for his music, which often comments on Brazil's social, economic and cultural reality. June 19 is the 170th day of the year (171st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 195 days remaining. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1944 calendar). ... Ipanema beach, in the South Zone, as featured in the Tom Jobim and Vinicius de Morais song The Girl from Ipanema Rio de Janeiro (meaning River of January in Portuguese), pron. ... LeAnn Rimes singing in concert A singer is a type of musician who uses his or her voice to produce music. ... A composer is a person who writes music. ... A dramatist is an author of dramatic compositions, usually plays. ... The term writer can apply to anyone who creates a written work, but the word more usually designates those who write creatively or professionally, or those who have written in many different forms. ... Music is conceptual time expressed in the structures of tones and silence. ...

Contents


Biography

"Chico" came from a both intellectual and privileged family background: his father Sérgio Buarque de Hollanda was a well-known historian and sociologist, and the first name of his lexicographer uncle Aurélio Buarque de Holanda is as strongly associated with Brazilian Portuguese dictionaries as the name Webster is with American ones. A studious child with a precocious interest in music and writing, Chico was heavily impressed by bossa nova, and specifically, by the work of João Gilberto. Aurélio Buarque de Holanda Ferreira (1910-1989) was the author of the dictionary Dicionário Aurélio. ... Bossa nova is a style of Brazilian music created by João Gilberto and first introduced in Brazil by Gilbertos recording of Chega de Saudade, in 1958, a song written by Antonio Carlos Jobim, first released as a single, and shortly thereafter as the album by Gilberto, bearing the... João Gilberto (born João Gilberto Prado Pereira de Oliveira on June 10, 1931 in the town of Juazeiro, Bahia) is a Brazilian musician and considered one of the co-creators, with Tom Jobim, of bossa nova. ...


Chico made his public debut as musician and composer in 1964, rapidly building his reputation at music festivals and television variety shows. His self-titled debut album exemplified the work to come, with catchy sambas characterized by inventive wordplay and an undercurrent of nostalgic tragedy. 1964 (MCMLXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1964 calendar). ... Samba may have one of the following meanings. ...


Chico's increasing political activity against the Brazilian military dictatorship resulted in his arrest in 1968, and eventual self-exile to Italy in 1969. Other importants musicians like Caetano Veloso and Gilberto Gil experienced the same. Chico returned to Brazil in 1970, using his fame and song-writing skills to protest against the dictatorship. At this time his lightly-veiled protest single Apesar de Você (Despite you) somehow passed by the gaze of military censors, becoming the democracy movement's anthem. After selling over 100,000 copies, the single was eventually repressed, and all copies were removed from the market. Despite the censorship, songs such as Samba de Orly (Samba of Orly; 1970), Acorda Amor (Wake Up, Darling; 1974), and Vai Passar (It Will Pass; 1983) made Chico's continuing opposition blatant. The military maintained power in Brazil from 1964 until March 1985 because of political struggles within the regime and Brazilian elite. ... 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ... 1969 (MCMLXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1969 calendar). ... Caetano Veloso (born 7 August 1942) is one of the most popular and influential Brazilian composers and singers. ... The minister sets the rhythm for Brazils culture policy Gilberto Gil (born June 26, 1942) is a Brazilian singer, guitarist and songwriter, and the countrys current Minister of Culture. ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1970 calendar). ... Orly is a commune in the southern suburbs of Paris, France. ... Orly is a commune in the southern suburbs of Paris, France. ...


During the 1970s and 1980s, Chico collaborated with filmmakers, playwriters, and musicians in further protest works against the dictatorship. The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1971 to 1980, inclusive. ... MacGyver - 1980s hero The 1980s decade refers to the years from 1980 to 1989, inclusive. ...


In 1998, the carnival samba school Mangueira took Chico as its annual theme, winning first prize. 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ...


His latest book, Budapeste, achieved great critical acclaim and won the Prêmio Jabuti, a Brazilian literary award similar to The Booker Prize Award. The Prêmio Jabuti (the Jabuti Prize) is the most important and well known literary award in Brazil. ...


Example of work: Calice

During Brazil's military coup of 1964, Chico wrote about the situation and avoided censure by using cryptic analogies and word play. For example, in the song "Cálice" (Globet) he uses the Portuguese words for "shut up" (cale-se) and "goblet" (cálice) to sing about the military's oppression under the guise of a bible story: A coup détat (pronounced ), or simply a coup, is the sudden overthrow of a government through unconstitutional means by a part of the state establishment that mostly replaces just the top power figures. ... 1964 (MCMLXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1964 calendar). ...

Lyrics (in Portuguese)
Pai, afasta de mim esse cálice
De vinho tinto de sangue.
Como beber dessa bebida amarga
Tragar a dor, engolir a labuta.
Mesmo calada a boca, resta o peito
Silêncio na cidade não se escuta.
De que me vale ser filho da santa
Melhor seria ser filho da outra
Outra realidade menos morta
Tanta mentira, tanta força bruta.
Translation
Father, take away from me this goblet
of wine tinted red with blood.
How can I drink from this bitter drink
Inhale the pain, swallow the drudgery.
Even if the mouth is shut, the heart still remains
Silence isn't heard in the city.
What good is it to be son of the saint (female)
It would be better to be son of the "other" one (euphemism for son-of-a-bitch)
Another reality less dead
So many lies, so much brute force.

Worked With

Caetano Veloso (born 7 August 1942) is one of the most popular and influential Brazilian composers and singers. ... The minister sets the rhythm for Brazils culture policy Gilberto Gil (born June 26, 1942) is a Brazilian singer, guitarist and songwriter, and the countrys current Minister of Culture. ... Antonio Carlos Jobim (born Antonio Carlos Brasileiro de Almeida Jobim, January 25, 1927 - December 8, 1994), also called Tom Jobim, was a Brazilian composer, arranger, singer, pianist and one of the greatest legends of bossa nova. ... Vinicius de Moraes (October 19, 1913 - July 9, 1980), born as Marcus Vinícius da Cruz de Melo Morais in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, was a seminal figure in contemporary Brazilian music. ... Edu Lobo is a Brazilian musician and composer. ...

Trivia

  • Chico is a football lover. He plays regularly and "owns" a non-professional team called Politheama
  • Chico is a supporter of Fluminense, a football team from Rio de Janeiro
  • Chico is the brother of singer Miúcha and uncle of her daughter, singer Bebel Gilberto

Fluminense Football Club is a Brazilian multimodality sportive association from Rio de Janeiro, founded on July 21, 1902. ... Ipanema beach, in the South Zone, as featured in the Tom Jobim and Vinicius de Morais song The Girl from Ipanema Rio de Janeiro (meaning River of January in Portuguese), pron. ... Bebel Gilberto (born Isabel Gilberto on May 12, 1966 in New York City) is a Brazilian popular singer often associated with bossa nova. ...

Selected compositions

  • "A Banda" ("The Band")
  • "À Flor da Terra" ("At Earth's surface")
  • "O que Será ("What will be")
  • "Apesar de Você" ("Despite You")
  • "As Vitrines"
  • "Brejo da Cruz" (Cross` bog)
  • "Bye Bye, Brasil"
  • "Carolina"
  • "Construção" ("Construction")
  • "Deus Lhe Pague" ("God Bless You")
  • "Cotidiano" ("Daily")
  • "Feijoada Completa" ("Complete Feijoada")
  • "Funeral de um Lavrador" ("Funeral of a tiller")
  • "Futuros Amantes" ("Future Lovers")
  • "Homenagem Ao Malandro" ("Tribute to the `malandro`")
  • "Meu Caro Amigo" ("My Dear Friend")
  • "Morena de Angola"
  • "Mulheres de Atenas" ("Women from Athens")
  • "Noite dos Mascarados" ("Night of the Masquerade")
  • "Olhos nos Olhos" (Eyes on the Eyes)
  • "Paratodos"
  • "Quem Te Viu, Quem Te Vê"
  • "Roda Viva" ("In a literal translation to English: 'fuss'")
  • "Sonho de um Carnaval" ("Dream of a Carnival")
  • "Terezinha"
  • "Vai Levando" ("Carrying on")
  • "Vai Passar" ("It Will Pass")

Books

  • 1966 - A Banda (Songbook)
  • 1974 - Fazenda Modelo
  • 1979 - Chapeuzinho Amarelo (Infant Literature)
  • 1981 - À Bordo do Rui Barbosa
  • 1991 - Estorvo
  • 1995 - Benjamin
  • 2003 - Budapeste

Theatre

  • 1967-8 - Roda Viva
  • 1973 - Calabar - with Ruy Guerra (co-author)
  • 1975 - Gota d'água
  • 1978 - Ópera do Malandro (Based on John Gay's and Bertold Brecht's plays)

Cinema

  • 1972 - Quando o carnaval chegar (Screenplay's co-author)
  • 1983 - Para viver um grande amor (Screenplay's co-author)
  • 1985 - Ópera do Malandro
  • 2000 - Estorvo (Movie based on his play for the theatre)
  • 2003 - Benjamin (Movie based on his book)

External links

  • Official Chico Buarque Site (in Portuguese)
  • Chico Buarque discography, news, and bio from Music City

  Results from FactBites:
 
Chico Buarque - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (598 words)
Chico Buarque (full name: Francisco Buarque de Hollanda; born June 19, 1944 in Rio de Janeiro) is a Brazilian singer, composer, dramatist and writer.
"Chico" came from a both intellectual and privileged family background: his father Sérgio Buarque de Hollanda was a well-known historian and sociologist, and the first name of his lexicographer uncle Aurélio Buarque de Hollanda is as strongly associated with Brazilian Portuguese dictionaries as the name Webster is with American ones.
Chico's increasing political activity against the Brazilian military dictatorship resulted in his arrest in 1968, and eventual self-exile to Italy in 1969.
Buarque, Chico (268 words)
Chico Buarque is one of the towering figures of Brazilian music, one of the country’s greatest singer songwriters.
Chico soon became a national sensation, and started to make frequent appearances on television (on Elis Regina/Jair Rodrigues' show) as well as in the popular song festivals.
Chico then took a huge career chance in 1968 writing and scoring a bleak, existential play Roda Viva that was critical of obsessive fan culture.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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