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Encyclopedia > Chichester Cathedral

Coordinates: 50°50′10″N, 0°46′51″W Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Chichester Cathedral today
Chichester Cathedral today
Chichester Cathedral, illustrated circa 1650
Chichester Cathedral, illustrated circa 1650

The Chichester Cathedral in Chichester, West Sussex, England is an Anglican Cathedral. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1662x2214, 554 KB)Chichester cathedral taken by djnjwd 13/07/05 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1662x2214, 554 KB)Chichester cathedral taken by djnjwd 13/07/05 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Chichester Cathedral about 1650 - from Project Gutenberg eText 13331: Bells Cathedrals: Chichester (1901) by Hubert C. Corlette http://www. ... Chichester Cathedral about 1650 - from Project Gutenberg eText 13331: Bells Cathedrals: Chichester (1901) by Hubert C. Corlette http://www. ... Statistics Population: 25,000 Ordnance Survey OS grid reference: SU865045 Administration District: Chichester Shire county: West Sussex Region: South East England Constituent country: England Sovereign state: United Kingdom Other Ceremonial county: West Sussex Historic county: Sussex Services Police force: Sussex Police Fire and rescue: West Sussex Ambulance: South East Coast... West Sussex is a county in the south of England, bordering onto East Sussex (with Brighton and Hove), Hampshire and Surrey. ... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: God Save the King/Queen Capital London (de facto) Largest city London Official language(s) English (de facto) Unification    - by Athelstan AD 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi  Population    - 2006 est. ...

Contents

History

Marc Chagall is a sexy beast that Christie loves.


It has superposed 'Norman' (English Romanesque) arcades in the nave and choir, with much Early English (Early Gothic) building. The architectural historian Nikolaus Pevsner rated it 'the most typical English cathedral' (Buildings of England: Sussex). The nave is unusual in that its aisles were doubled in the 13th century. Chichester is the only mediæval cathedral in England with a separate bell tower, like a campanile, and also the only one visible from the sea. Romanesque St. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... Sir Nikolaus Pevsner CBE (January 30, 1902 – August 18, 1983) was a German-born British historian of art and, especially, architecture. ... Links to full descriptions of the elements of a Gothic floorplan are also found at the entry Cathedral diagram. ... In a modern church an aisle is a row down the middle of the church with a set of pews on each side. ... A campanile (pronounced []) is, especially in Italy, a free-standing bell tower (Italian campana, bell), often adjacent to a church or cathedral. ...


The cathedral of the Holy Trinity at Chichester was founded in 1075, after the seat of the bishop was transferred to the town from nearby Selsey. It was consecrated in 1108 under Bishop Ralph de Luffa but a subsequent fire created a need for substantial rebuilding, which was not completed until 1184. The cathedral was reconsecrated in 1199. This was not the last stage in its development, by a long way. Richard de la Wyche, (Saint Richard of Chichester in the Anglican Communion), who was bishop from 1245 to 1253, was buried in the cathedral, where his shrine was a place of pilgrimage, until it was ordered destroyed in 1538, during the first stages of the English Reformation. Further damage to the cathedral had been done by fire after the second consecration, and much rebuilding was carried out in the Early English style. The original wooden ceiling had burnt out, and the sublimely simple present vaulting replaced it. The spire, which was originally built in the 14th century, was repaired in the 17th century by Sir Christopher Wren and survived a lightning strike in 1721. However, its construction from poor-quality local stone led to its sudden collapse on February 21, 1861, miraculously without loss of life. It was immediately rebuilt by George Gilbert Scott, and now rises to a height of 82 metres. A cathedral is a religious building for worship, specifically of a denomination with an episcopal hierarchy, such as the Roman Catholic, Anglican and some Lutheran churches, which serves as a bishops seat, and thus as the central church of a diocese. ... For other uses, see Trinity (disambiguation). ... Statistics Population: 25,000 Ordnance Survey OS grid reference: SU865045 Administration District: Chichester Shire county: West Sussex Region: South East England Constituent country: England Sovereign state: United Kingdom Other Ceremonial county: West Sussex Historic county: Sussex Services Police force: Sussex Police Fire and rescue: West Sussex Ambulance: South East Coast... Events Revolt of the Earls. ... This article is about a title or office in religious bodies. ... Map sources for Selsey at grid reference SZ8593 Selsey is an English seaside town, about 7 miles (11 kilometres) south of Chichester, West Sussex. ... Events May - Battle of Ucles Consecration of Chichester cathedral Saint Magnus becomes the first earl of Orkney In Pistoia, Italy, Cathedral of San Zeno burned to the ground. ... // Events Abbeville receives its commercial charter. ... Richard of Levick, (Richard Wych or Richard of Wych or Richard de Wich - born Droitwich 1197, died Dover 1253) is a saint (canonized 1262) who was Bishop of Chichester. ... Events Rebellion against king Sancho II of Portugal in favor of his brother Alphonso. ... For broader historical context, see 1250s and 13th century. ... For other uses, see Pilgrimage (disambiguation). ... The Reformation was a movement in the years of the 16th century to reform the Catholic Church in Western Europe. ... Salisbury Cathedral, built c. ... This 14th-century statue from south India depicts the gods Shiva (on the left) and Uma (on the right). ... Sir Christopher Wren, (20 October 1632–25 February 1723) was a 17th century English designer, astronomer, geometrician, and the greatest English architect of his time. ... // Events Pope Innocent XIII becomes pope Johann Sebastian Bach composes the Brandenburg Concertos April 4 - Robert Walpole becomes the first prime minister of Britain September 10 - Treaty of Nystad is signed, bringing an end to the Great Northern War November 2 - Peter I is proclaimed Emperor of All the Russias... February 21 is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1861 (MDCCCLXI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link with display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar) // January 1 - Benito Juárez captures Mexico City January 2 - Friedrich Wilhelm IV of Prussia dies and is succeeded by... The chapel of St Johns College, Cambridge is characteristic of Scotts many church designs Sir George Gilbert Scott (July 13, 1811 – March 27, 1878) was an English architect of the Victorian Age, chiefly associated with the design, building and renovation of churches, cathedrals and workhouses. ...


The cathedral has many other unique features. Under the floor of the nave are the remains of a Roman mosaic pavement, which can be viewed through a glass window. Also in the interior are the grave of the composer Gustav Holst and the Gothic "Arundel tomb" referred to in a famous poem by Philip Larkin. Principal sites in Roman Britain Roman Britain refers to those parts of the island of Great Britain controlled by the Roman Empire between 43 and 410. ... Gustav Holst Gustav Holst (September 21, 1874 Cheltenham, Gloucestershire - May 25, 1934) [1] [2] was an English composer and was a music teacher for over 20 years. ... Philip Arthur Larkin (9 August 1922 – 2 December 1985) was an English poet, novelist and jazz critic. ...


Despite its age, the cathedral contains several modern works of art, including tapestries by John Piper and Ursula Benker-Schirmer, a window by Marc Chagall, a painting by Graham Sutherland "Noli me Tangere", and a reredos for the St John the Baptist's Chapel by Patrick Procktor. This article is about tapestry the textile. ... John Egerton Christmas Piper CH (December 13, 1903 – June 28, 1992) was a well-known 20th century English artist who lived for many years at Fawley Bottom near Henley-on-Thames. ... Marc Chagall as photographed in 1941 by Carl Van Vechten. ... Graham Vivian Sutherland (August 24, 1903 – February 17, 1980) was an English artist. ... Patrick Procktor RA (12 March 1936 – 29 August 2003) was a prominent English artist of the late 20th century. ...

Cross section as in 1815.
Cross section as in 1815.

St. Mary's Hospital Almshouses in Chichester, which are linked to the Cathedral, are thought to be the oldest in Britain, dating back to the 13th century. Leonard Bernstein's Chichester Psalms, composed for the cathedral, are among his finest music. Image File history File links ChichfromDallowaysWestSussex1815. ... Image File history File links ChichfromDallowaysWestSussex1815. ... Leonard Bernstein (pronounced BERN-styne)[1] (August 25, 1918 – October 14, 1990) was an American conductor, composer, and pianist. ...


The city of Chichester, though it retains two main cross streets laid out by the Romans, has always been small enough for the city's entire population to fit inside the cathedral at once:

I cannot say much of Chichester, in which, if six or seven good families were removed, there would not be much conversation, except what is to be found among the canons, and the dignitaries of the cathedral. —Daniel Defoe, A Tour Through the Whole Island of Great Britain (1724) Daniel Defoe Daniel Defoe (1660 [?] â€“ April 1731) was an English writer, journalist and spy, who gained enduring fame for his novel Robinson Crusoe. ...

Organs and Organists

Organ

Details of the organ from the National Pipe Organ Register


Organists

  • 1545 William Campion
  • 1550 Thomas Coring
  • 1565 Michael Woods
  • 1571 Clement Woodcock
  • 1599 Jacob Hillarye
  • 1602 Thomas Weelkes
  • 1623 William Eames
  • 1636 Thomas Lewes
  • 1668 Bartholomew Webb
  • 1673 Thomas Lewis
  • 1674 John Reading
  • 1677 Samuel Peirson
  • 1720 Thomas Kelway
  • 1744 Thomas Capell
  • 1765 Richard Hall
  • 1771 Thomas Tremain
  • 1775 William Walrond
  • 1801 James Target
  • 1803 Thomas Bennett
  • 1848 Henry Bennett
  • 1861 Philip Armes
  • 1863 Edward Thorne
  • 1870 Francis Gladstone
  • 1873 James Pyne
  • 1874 C. H. Hylton Stewart
  • 1875 Daniel Wood
  • 1876 Theodore Aylward
  • 1887 Frederick J. Read
  • 1902 Frederick J. W. Crowe
  • 1921 Frederick J. Read
  • 1925 Marmaduke Conway
  • 1931 Harvey Grace
  • 1938 H. A. Hawkins
  • 1958 John Anthony Birch
  • 1980 Alan Thurlow

Trivia

Unusually for a cathedral, Chichester has hosted a performance by a rock band, Pink Floyd, who played at the funeral of their manager, Steve O'Rourke. Other performers to have played there include Bob Geldof, Rolf Harris and The Hollies. Pink Floyd are an English rock band that earned recognition for their psychedelic rock music, and, as they evolved, for their avant-garde progressive rock music. ... Music management refers to the business of managing music acts. ... Steve ORourke, Pink Floyd manager and keen racing driver, sadly passed away in Miami, Florida, USA, in October 2003. ... Robert Frederick Zenon Geldof, KBE[1], known as Bob Geldof (born 5 October 1951) [2] is an Irish singer, songwriter, actor and political activist. ... Rolf Harris. ... The Hollies The Hollies are a British rock and roll band formed in the early 1960s. ...


External links

List of Anglican Cathedrals in the United Kingdom and Ireland
Anglican Communion

  Results from FactBites:
 
CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Chichester (797 words)
This see took its rise in consequence of the decree passed at the Council of London in 1075, requiring all bishoprics to be removed from villages to towns.
The cathedral was completed and consecrated in 1184, but in 1186 it was again greatly damaged by fire.
Chichester and Lewes, and, according to the valuation made in 1291, which remained the basis of valuations until the reign of Henry VIII, there were nearly three hundred parishes.
Chichester Cathedral at AllExperts (630 words)
Chichester is the only medieval cathedral in England with a separate bell tower, like a campanile, and also the only one visible from the sea.
The cathedral of the Holy Trinity at Chichester was founded in 1075, after the seat of the bishop was transferred to the town from nearby Selsey.
Richard de la Wyche, (Saint Richard of Chichester in the Anglican Communion), who was bishop from 1245 to 1253, was buried in the cathedral, where his shrine was a place of pilgrimage, until it was ordered destroyed in 1538, during the first stages of the English Reformation.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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