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Encyclopedia > Chicago Symphony Orchestra

The Chicago Symphony Orchestra, based in Chicago, Illinois, is one of the leading orchestras in the world. It is currently in its 115th season. Flag Seal Nickname: The Windy City Motto: Urbs In Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location Location in Chicagoland and northern Illinois Coordinates , Government Country State Counties United States Illinois Cook, DuPage Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 606. ... A philharmonic orchestra An orchestra is a musical ensemble used most often in classical music. ...

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Chicago Symphony Orchestra

Symphony Center of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra
Symphony Center of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra

In 1891 Charles Norman Fay, a Chicago businessman, invited Theodore Thomas to establish an orchestra in Chicago. Conducted by Theodore Thomas under the name "Chicago Orchestra," the orchestra played its first concert on October 16, 1891 at the Auditorium Theatre. It is one of the oldest orchestras in the United States, along with the New York Philharmonic, the Boston Symphony Orchestra and the Saint Louis Symphony Orchestra. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1270x1800, 1975 KB) Symphony Center of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1270x1800, 1975 KB) Symphony Center of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra. ... 1891 (MDCCCXCI) was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Theodore Thomas (October 11, 1835–January 4, 1905) was a German-American musician and conductor. ... Nickname: The Windy City, The Second City, Chi Town Motto: Urbs In Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in Chicagoland and Illinois Coordinates: Country United States State Illinois County Cook Incorporated March 4, 1837 Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area    - City 606. ... A conductor conducting a band at a ceremony A conductors score and batons Conducting is the act of directing a musical performance by way of visible gestures. ... October 16 is the 289th day of the year (290th in leap years). ... 1891 (MDCCCXCI) was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... The Auditorium Building The Auditorium Building in Chicago, Illinois is one of the best-known designs of Dankmar Adler and Louis Sullivan. ... The New York Philharmonic is the oldest active symphony orchestra in the United States. ... The Boston Symphony Orchestra is one of the worlds most renowned orchestras. ... The Saint Louis Symphony Orchestra (SLSO) was founded in 1880, making it the second oldest symphony in the United States after the New York Philharmonic. ...


Orchestra Hall (now a component of the Symphony Center complex and the orchestra's main home), located at 220 South Michigan Avenue (map[1]), was designed by famed Chicago architect Daniel H. Burnham and completed in 1904. Maestro Thomas served as music director for thirteen years until his death shortly after the orchestra's newly built residence was dedicated on December 14, 1904. The orchestra was renamed "Theodore Thomas Orchestra" in 1905 and today, Orchestra Hall still has "Theodore Thomas Orchestra Hall" inscribed in its façade. Symphony Center of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra Symphony Center is a music complex in Chicago, Illinois and is home to the Chicago Symphony Orchestra. ... Masonic Temple Building Daniel Hudson Burnham (September 4, 1846 - June 1, 1912) was born in Henderson, New York and raised in Chicago, Illinois. ... 1904 (MCMIV) was a leap year starting on a Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Maestro is a software application used by NASA and Jet Propulsion Laboratory. ... 1904 (MCMIV) was a leap year starting on a Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1905 (MCMV) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...


In 1905, Frederick Stock became Music Director, a post he held until his death in 1942. The orchestra was renamed "Chicago Symphony Orchestra" in 1913 and on 1 May, 1916, Frederick Stock recorded the Wedding March from Felix Mendelssohn's music to A Midsummer Night's Dream, in Aeolian Hall, New York City, for what was then known as the Columbia Gramophone Company. This made the Chicago Symphony Orchestra the first American symphony orchestras to record with its own music director. Frederick Stock (1872 - 1942) was a U.S. (German-born) conductor and composer. ... Felix Mendelssohn at the age of thirty Jakob Ludwig Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy, born and known generally as Felix Mendelssohn (February 3, 1809 – November 4, 1847) was a German composer and conductor of the early Romantic period. ... Title page of the first quarto (1600) A Midsummer Nights Dream is a romantic comedy by William Shakespeare written sometime in the mid-1590s. ...


Other Music Directors have included Désiré Defauw (1943-47), Artur Rodziński (1947-48), Rafael Kubelík (1950-53), Fritz Reiner (1953-63), Jean Martinon (1963-68), Georg Solti (1969-91) and, Daniel Barenboim (1991-2006). Maestro Barenboim's final concerts leading the Chicago Symphony Orchestra took place on June 15-17 2006. On 27 April 2006, the orchestra named Bernard Haitink to the role of Principal Conductor and Pierre Boulez to the role of Conductor Emeritus "while [the] music director search continues." The appointment begins in the 2006-2007 season. The season is scheduled to take place with all guest conductors, creating a unique schedule, the likes of which has not occurred in Chicago since the 1950s. Haitink will conduct the CSO in October 2006 and May 2007, and is scheduled for a further four to six weeks of performances beginning with the 2007-2008 season, as well as at New York City’s Carnegie Hall, at the Festival in Lucerne, Switzerland, and at London’s BBC Proms. Pierre Boulez will conduct three to four weeks of CSO performances each season, including touring activities. Désiré Defauw (born September 5, 1885, Ghent, Belgium, died July 25, 1960, Gary, Indiana) was a Belgian conductor and violinist. ... Artur RodziÅ„ski was featured on the cover of Time magazine (link to cover story) on February 17, 1947 Artur RodziÅ„ski (January 1, 1892 - November 27, 1958) was a Polish conductor. ... Rafael Jeroným Kubelík (June 29, 1914 in Býchory, Austria-Hungary, now Czech Republic – August 11, 1996 in Lucerne, Switzerland) was a Czech conductor and composer. ... This article contains information that has not been verified and thus might not be reliable. ... Jean Martinon (January 10, 1910–March 1, 1976) was a French conductor and composer. ... Sir Georg Solti, KBE (pronounced ) (born György Stern, 21 October 1912 - 5 September 1997) was a world-renowned Hungarian-born British orchestral and operatic conductor, who was still actively engaged in performing right up until his death. ... Daniel Barenboim conducting. ... April 27 is the 117th day of the year (118th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 248 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Bernard Johan Herman Haitink (born March 4, Dutch conductor. ... Pierre Boulez Pierre Boulez (IPA: /pjɛʁ.buˈlÉ›z/) (born March 26, 1925) is a conductor and composer of classical music. ...


The Chicago Symphony Orchestra has long been associated with Ravinia, in Highland Park, Illinois, having first performed during Ravinia Park’s second season in November 1905 and appearing semiregularly through August 1931, after which the Park fell dark under the Great Depression. The Orchestra helped to inaugurate the first season of the Ravinia Festival in August 1936 and has been in residence at the Festival every summer since. Many conductors have made their debut with the Chicago Symphony at Ravinia, and several have gone on to become the 'Artistic Director' (or primary summertime guest conductor) at Ravinia, including Seiji Ozawa, James Levine, and Christoph Eschenbach. As of 2005, James Conlon holds the title of Ravinia Music Director. Highland Park is a city located in Lake County, Illinois. ... The Ravinia Festival is the summer music program offered at Ravinia Park in Highland Park, Illinois. ... Seiji Ozawa (小澤征爾; Ozawa Seiji, born September 1, 1935) is a Japanese conductor. ... James Levine (born June 23, 1943, Cincinnati, Ohio) is an American orchestral conductor and pianist, most well known as the music director of the Metropolitan Opera in New York. ... Christoph Eschenbach (born February 20, 1940 in Breslau, Germany (today Wroclaw, Poland)) is a noted pianist and conductor. ... James Conlon, born 1950 in New York City, is considered one of classical musics pre-eminent conductors. ...


The orchestra has also had a number of distinguished guest conductors. Guest conductors have included Richard Strauss, Camille Saint-Saëns, Edward Elgar, Leonard Slatkin, André Previn, Michael Tilson Thomas, Leonard Bernstein, Leopold Stokowski, Morton Gould, Erich Leinsdorf, Walter Hendl, Eugene Ormandy, George Szell and Charles Munch. Many of these guests have also recorded with the Orchestra. Richard Strauss Richard Strauss (June 11, 1864 – September 8, 1949) was a German composer of the late Romantic era, particularly noted for his tone poems and operas. ... Charles Camille Saint-Saëns (IPA: ) (9 October 1835–16 December 1921) was a French composer and performer, best known for his orchestral work The Carnival of the Animals. ... Sir Edward Elgar Sir Edward Elgar, 1st Baronet, OM, GCVO (2 June 1857 â€“ 23 February 1934) was an English Romantic composer. ... Leonard Slatkin (born September 1, 1944) is an American conductor. ... André Previn (born April 6, 1929)¹ is a prominent pianist, orchestral conductor, and composer. ... Michael Tilson Thomas (born December 21, 1944), nicknamed MTT, is an American conductor, pianist and composer. ... Leonard Bernstein in 1971 Leonard Bernstein (August 25, 1918 – October 14, 1990) was an American composer, pianist and conductor. ... Leopold Stokowski (born Antoni StanisÅ‚aw BolesÅ‚awowicz April 18, 1882 in London, England, died September 13, 1977 in Nether Wallop, England) was the conductor of the Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra, the Philadelphia Orchestra, the NBC Symphony Orchestra, Hollywood Bowl Orchestra and the Symphony of the Air. ... Morton Gould (December 10, 1913 – February 21, 1996) was an American pianist and composer. ... Erich Leinsdorf (February 4, 1912 - September 11, 1993) was a conductor. ... Walter Hendl (born 12 January 1917) is an American conductor. ... Eugene Ormandy in the 1950s Eugene Ormandy (November 18, 1899 – March 12, 1985) was a conductor and violinist. ... George Szell, photographed by Carl Van Vechten, 1954 György Széll, best known by his Anglicised name George Szell (June 7, 1897 – July 29, 1970) was a conductor and composer. ... Charles Münch (September 26, 1891 – November 6, 1968) was a French conductor and violinist. ...


There have also been designated Principal Guest Conductors including Carlo Maria Giulini (1969-72) and Claudio Abbado (1982-85). From 1995-2006 Pierre Boulez was the Principal Guest Conductor. Starting with the 2006-2007 season, Boulez will have the title Conductor Emeritus. Carlo Maria Giulini (May 9, 1914 – June 14, 2005) was an Italian conductor. ... Claudio Abbado (born June 26, 1933) is a noted Italian conductor. ... Pierre Boulez Pierre Boulez (IPA: /pjɛʁ.buˈlɛz/) (born March 26, 1925) is a conductor and composer of classical music. ...


Music performed by the Chicago Symphony Orchestra has appeared in various movies, including Immortal Beloved (conducted by Sir Georg Solti) and Fantasia 2000 (conducted by James Levine). Immortal Beloved is a 1994 film about the life of composer Ludwig van Beethoven. ... Fantasia 2000 is the thirty-eighth animated feature in the Disney animated features canon. ...


The Chicago Symphony also holds an annual fundraiser, originally known as the Chicago Symphony Radiothon and more recently as "Symphonython," in conjunction with Chicago radio station WFMT. As part of the event, the Orchestra has, since 1986, released exclusive tracks from their broadcast archives on double LP/CD collections. WFMT is an FM radio station in Chicago, Illinois. ...


The Chicago Symphony has made over 900 recordings, fifty-eight of which have won Grammy® Awards from the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences. Their Grammy Awards include several Classical Album of the Year awards, awards in Best Classical Performance in vocal soloist, choral, instrumental, engineering and orchestral categories.


Civic Orchestra of Chicago

Frederick Stock founded the Civic Orchestra of Chicago, the first training orchestra in the United States affiliated with a major symphony orchestra, in 1919. Its goal is to recruit pre-professional musicians and train them as high-level orchestra players. Many alumni have gone on to play for the CSO or other major orchestras. Frederick Stock (1872 - 1942) was a U.S. (German-born) conductor and composer. ...


The Civic Orchestra performs half a dozen orchestral concerts and a chamber music series annually in Symphony Center and in other venues throughout the Chicago area free of charge to the public.


Music Directors

Theodore Thomas (October 11, 1835–January 4, 1905) was a German-American musician and conductor. ... Frederick Stock (1872 - 1942) was a U.S. (German-born) conductor and composer. ... Désiré Defauw (born September 5, 1885, Ghent, Belgium, died July 25, 1960, Gary, Indiana) was a Belgian conductor and violinist. ... Artur RodziÅ„ski was featured on the cover of Time magazine (link to cover story) on February 17, 1947 Artur RodziÅ„ski (January 1, 1892 - November 27, 1958) was a Polish conductor. ... Rafael Jeroným Kubelík (June 29, 1914 in Býchory, Austria-Hungary, now Czech Republic – August 11, 1996 in Lucerne, Switzerland) was a Czech conductor and composer. ... This article contains information that has not been verified and thus might not be reliable. ... This article contains information that has not been verified and thus might not be reliable. ... Jean Martinon (January 10, 1910–March 1, 1976) was a French conductor and composer. ... Irwin Hoffman (born New York 26 Nov 1924), is an American conductor. ... Sir Georg Solti (October 21, 1912 - September 5, 1997) was a well-known orchestral and operatic conductor, who was still actively engaged in performing right up until his death. ... Sir Georg Solti (October 21, 1912 - September 5, 1997) was a well-known orchestral and operatic conductor, who was still actively engaged in performing right up until his death. ... Daniel Barenboim conducting. ...

Principal Conductors

Bernard Johan Herman Haitink (born March 4, Dutch conductor. ...

Principal Guest Conductors

Carlo Maria Giulini (May 9, 1914 – June 14, 2005) was an Italian conductor. ... Claudio Abbado (born June 26, 1933) is a noted Italian conductor. ... Pierre Boulez Pierre Boulez (IPA: /pjɛʁ.buˈlɛz/) (born March 26, 1925) is a conductor and composer of classical music. ...

Conductors Emeritus

Pierre Boulez Pierre Boulez (IPA: /pjɛʁ.buˈlɛz/) (born March 26, 1925) is a conductor and composer of classical music. ...

Composers-in-Residence

John Corigliano (born February 16, 1938) is an American composer of classical music. ... Shulamit Ran (born 1949) is an Israeli-American composer. ... Augusta Read Thomas (born 1964) is a composer. ... Osvaldo Golijov (born in La Plata, Argentina, December 5, 1960) is a composer of classical music . ... Mark-Anthony Turnage (born June 10, 1960) is an English composer of classical music. ...

External links

  • Official site
  • Press Release on the status of Haitink and Boulez, and the continued search for a permanent Music Director
  • Civic Orchestra of Chicago
  • Silk Road Chicago

  Results from FactBites:
 
Chicago Symphony Orchestra - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (581 words)
The Chicago Symphony Orchestra, based in Chicago, Illinois, is one of the leading orchestras in the world.
The Symphony's "summer home" is at the Ravinia Festival, which is held in Highland Park, Illinois on an annual basis.
The Chicago Symphony also holds an annual fundraiser, originally known as the Chicago Symphony Radiothon and more recently as "Symphonython," in conjunction with Chicago radio station WFMT.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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