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Encyclopedia > Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad
Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad
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Reporting marks CBQ
Locale Colorado, Illinois, Iowa, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Wisconsin and Wyoming
Dates of operation 18491970
Successor line Burlington Northern
Track gauge ft 8½ in (1435 mm) (standard gauge)
Headquarters Chicago, Illinois

The Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad (AAR reporting mark CBQ) was a railroad that operated in the Midwestern United States. Commonly referred to as the Burlington or as the Q, the railroad served a large area, including extensive trackage in the states of Colorado, Illinois, Iowa, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Wisconsin and Wyoming. Its primary connections included Chicago, Minneapolis-St. Paul, St. Louis, Kansas City and Denver. Because of this extensive tracking in the midwest and mountain states the Q used the slogans "Everywhere West," "Way of the Zephyrs," and "The Way West." Image File history File links Burlingtonroute. ... Reporting marks on two CP Rail covered hoppers passing Wisconsin Dells, Wisconsin, June 20, 2004. ... Official language(s) English Capital Denver Largest city Denver Area  Ranked 8th  - Total 104,185 sq mi (269,837 km²)  - Width 280 miles (451 km)  - Length 380 miles (612 km)  - % water 0. ... Official language(s) English Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (149,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Official language(s) English Capital Lincoln Largest city Omaha Area  Ranked 16th  - Total 77,421 sq mi (200,520 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 430 miles (690 km)  - % water 0. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... 1849 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1970 calendar). ... Categories: Rail stubs | Defunct railroad companies of the United States | California railroads | Colorado railroads | Idaho railroads | Illinois railroads | Iowa railroads | Kansas railroads | Kentucky railroads | Minnesota railroads | Missouri railroads | Montana railroads | Nebraska railroads | North Dakota railroads | Oregon railroads | South Dakota railroads | Washington railroads | Wisconsin railroads | Wyoming railroads ... Rail gauge is the distance between two rails of a railroad. ... A foot (plural: feet) is any of several old units of distance or length, measuring around a quarter to a third of a meter. ... Mid-19th century tool for converting between different standards of the inch An inch is an Imperial and U.S. customary unit of length. ... A millimetre (American spelling: millimeter, symbol mm) is an SI unit of length that is equal to one thousandth of a metre. ... As railways developed and expanded one of the key issues to be decided was that of the rail gauge (the distance between the two rails of the track) which should be used. ... Flag Seal Nickname: The Windy City Motto: Urbs In Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location Location in Chicagoland and northern Illinois Coordinates , Government Country State Counties United States Illinois Cook, DuPage Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 606. ... A World War II era print advertisement for the Association of American Railroads (AAR). ... Reporting marks on two CP Rail covered hoppers passing Wisconsin Dells, Wisconsin, June 20, 2004. ... The Midwest is a common name for a region of the United States of America. ... Official language(s) English Capital Denver Largest city Denver Area  Ranked 8th  - Total 104,185 sq mi (269,837 km²)  - Width 280 miles (451 km)  - Length 380 miles (612 km)  - % water 0. ... Official language(s) English Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (149,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Official language(s) English Capital Lincoln Largest city Omaha Area  Ranked 16th  - Total 77,421 sq mi (200,520 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 430 miles (690 km)  - % water 0. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ...

Contents

History

The Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad began operation in the 1840s by running a single passenger lashup over recycled rails from Aurora to Chicago. However, within the next three years, the railroad was able to expand into the true namesake - holding trackage extending through the cities of Chicago, Burlington, Quincy, and Aurora. The CB&Q became well known as one of the finest "granger roads" or a railroad which served agricultural areas, often through smaller branch trackage. In 1849, the Burlington Route staged its last spike ceremony. Before that, they had been operating to whatever the current end of trackage was.


With a steady acquisition of locomotives, cars, equipment, and trackage, the Burlington Route was able to enter the trade markets in 1862. As of that year, that railroad has been the only Class I US railroad to constantly pay dividends and never run into debt or default on a loan.


In 1868 the CB&Q completed bridges over the Mississippi River both at Burlington, Iowa and Quincy, Illinois giving the railroad through connections with the Burlington and Missouri River Railroad (B&MR) in Iowa and the Hannibal & St. Joseph Railroad (H&St.J) in Missouri. The first Railway Post Office was inaugurated on the H&St.J to sort mail on the trains way across Missouri, passing the mail to the Pony Express upon reaching the Missouri River at St. Joseph, Missouri. The B&MR continued building westward into Nebraska as a separate company, the Burlington & Missouri River Rail Road in Nebraska, founded in 1869. During the summer of 1870 it reached Lincoln, the newly designated capital of Nebraska and by 1872 it reached Kearney, Nebraska. That same year the B&MR across Iowa was absorbed by the CB&Q. By the time the Missouri River bridge at Plattsmouth, Nebraska was completed the B&MR in Nebraska was well on its way to the Mile High city of Denver, Colorado. That same year, the Nebraska B&MR was purchased by the CB&Q which completed the line to Denver by 1882, the first direct rail line from Chicago to Denver. The Mississippi River, derived from the old Ojibwe word misi-ziibi meaning great river (gichi-ziibi big river at its headwaters), is the second-longest river in the United States; the longest is the Missouri River, which flows into the Mississippi. ... U.S. 34 over the Mississippi River in Burlington. ... Nickname: Gem City Location in Illinois Coordinates: Country United States State Illinois Counties Adams County, Illinois Mayor John A. Spring Area    - City 14. ... The Burlington and Missouri River Railroad was incorporated in Iowa in 1852. ... Hannibal and St. ... Saint Joseph (also known as St. ... Plattsmouth is a city located in Cass County, Nebraska. ...


Burlington's rapid expansion after the Civil War was based upon sound financial management, dominated by John Murray Forbes of Boston and assisted by Charles E. Perkins. Perkins was a powerful administrator who eventually forged a system out of previously loosely-held affiliates, virtually tripling Burlington's size during his presidency from 1881 to 1901.

CB&Q dining car Silver Grill passes through Denver, Colorado on October 24, 1936.
Enlarge
CB&Q dining car Silver Grill passes through Denver, Colorado on October 24, 1936.

With the First World War having the same effect on the Burlington as on all other railroads, during the 1920s the Burlington Route had an increasingly heavy amount of equipment flooding the yards. With the advent of the Great Depression, the CB&Q held a good portion of this for scrap. Despite the decrease of passengers, it was during this time that the Q introduced the famed Zephyrs. Image File history File links OP-4865. ... Image File history File links OP-4865. ... A typical restaurant in uptown Manhattan A restaurant is an establishment that serves prepared food and beverages to be consumed on the premises. ... Nickname: The Mile-High City Location of Denver in Colorado, USA Coordinates: Country United States State Colorado City-County Denver (coextensive) Founded November 22, 1858 Incorporated November 7, 1861 Mayor John Hickenlooper (D) Area    - City 401. ... October 24 is the 297th day of the year (298th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 68 days remaining. ... 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ...


After the Second World War, the CB&Q was inundated by the overworked steam locomotives existent in a fleet that was already beginning to dieselize. The CB&Q began dieselization with the General Motors Electro-Motive-Division equipment, whose major manufacturing and assembly plant was in McCook, Illinois, conveniently just south of the CB&Q triple track main-line at LaGrange, Illinois. By 1959, dieselization was complete with the last steam trains retiring from regular service over the Q. McCook is a suburb of Chicago located in Cook County, Illinois. ... La Grange is a relatively affluent suburb of Chicago located in Cook County, Illinois. ...


As the financial situation of American railroading continued to decline through the 1960s, the Burlington merged with the Great Northern, Northern Pacific and the Spokane, Portland and Seattle railroads on March 2, 1970 to form the Burlington Northern Railroad. Great Northern may refer to: the Great Northern Diver, Gavia adamsii, a bird the Great Northern War, a war fought by Russia, Denmark-Norway, and Saxony-Poland against Sweden the Great Northern Railway, an Irish railway the Great Northern Railway, a United States railroad the Great Northern Railway, a British... A Northern Pacific train travels over Bozeman Pass, June 1939. ... Spokane, Portland & Seattle Railway coach at Snoqualmie, Washington (Northwest Railway Museum collection) The Spokane, Portland and Seattle Railway was a United States-based railroad incorporated in 1905. ... March 2 is the 61st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (62nd in leap years). ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1970 calendar). ... Categories: Rail stubs | Defunct railroad companies of the United States | California railroads | Colorado railroads | Idaho railroads | Illinois railroads | Iowa railroads | Kansas railroads | Kentucky railroads | Minnesota railroads | Missouri railroads | Montana railroads | Nebraska railroads | North Dakota railroads | Oregon railroads | South Dakota railroads | Washington railroads | Wisconsin railroads | Wyoming railroads ...


The Burlington Zephyrs

The railroad operated a number of streamlined passenger trains known as the Zephyrs which were the most famous and largest fleet of streamliners in the United States. The Pioneer Zephyr, America's first diesel-electric powered streamlined passenger train, made its famous "Dawn-to-Dusk" run from Denver, Colorado to Chicago, Illinois on May 26, 1934. On November 11, 1934 the train was put into regularly scheduled service between Lincoln, Nebraska and Kansas City, Missouri. Although the distinctive, articulated stainless steel trainsets were well known, and the railroad adopted the "Way of the Zephyrs" slogan, they did not attract passengers back to the rails, and the last one stopped running with the advent of Amtrak. In fluid dynamics, a streamline is a line which is everywhere tangent to the velocity of the flow. ... This article is about trains in rail transport. ... A streamliner is a vehicle that incorporates streamlining to produce a shape that provides less resistance to air, and is more pleasing to the eye. ... Rudolf Christian Karl Diesel (1858-1913), inventor of the Diesel engine. ... Lightning strikes during a night-time thunderstorm. ... Nickname: The Mile-High City Location of Denver in Colorado, USA Coordinates: Country United States State Colorado City-County Denver (coextensive) Founded November 22, 1858 Incorporated November 7, 1861 Mayor John Hickenlooper (D) Area    - City 401. ... Flag Seal Nickname: The Windy City Motto: Urbs In Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location Location in Chicagoland and northern Illinois Coordinates , Government Country State Counties United States Illinois Cook, DuPage Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 606. ... May 26 is the 146th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (147th in leap years). ... 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... November 11 is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 50 days remaining. ... 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... Nickname: Star City Location in Nebraska Coordinates: Country   State     County United States   Nebraska     Lancaster Founded[1]   Renamed   Incorporated 1856   July 29, 1867   April 1, 1869 Mayor Coleen Seng Area    - City 195. ... Nickname: City of Fountains or Heart of America Location in Jackson, Clay, Platte, and Cass Counties in the state of Missouri. ...


The Zephyr service included

The Burlington Zephyr in April, 1934.
The Burlington Zephyr in April, 1934.
  • Nebraska Zephyr (Chicago–Lincoln),
  • Sam Houston Zephyr (Houston–Dallas-Ft. Worth),
  • Ozark State Zephyr (Kansas City–St. Louis),
  • General Pershing Zephyr (Kansas City–St. Louis),
  • Silver Streak Zephyr (Kansas City–Omaha–Lincoln),
  • Ak-Sar-Ben Zephyr (Kansas City–Omaha–Lincoln),
  • Zephyr-Rocket (St. Louis–Minneapolis-St. Paul),
  • Texas Zephyr (Denver–Dallas-Ft. Worth),
  • American Royal Zephyr (Chicago–Kansas City),
  • Kansas City Zephyr (Chicago–Kansas City),
  • California Zephyr (Chicago–Oakland).

The Pioneer Zephyr as it appeared in 1934. ... The Mark Twain Zephyr was an early articulated trainset that was similar to the Pioneer Zephyr in style. ... At the time when the Chicago Burlington and Quincy Railroad had become part of the Burlington Northern Railroad merger, Amtrak, in its first year of operation, 1971, had decided to continue on with the two of the trains remaining from the service between Chicago and Denver, the California Zephyr... Burlington Zephyr, April 1934. ... Burlington Zephyr, April 1934. ... The observation end of the Nebraska Zephyr at IRM A closeup of the articulation used between passenger cars on the Nebraska Zephyr trainset The Nebraska Zephyr was a named passenger train of the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad (CBQ, commonly known by the shorter name of Burlington). One of the... The General Pershing Zephyr in 1939 near Denver, Colorado. ... The Ak-Sar-Ben Zephyr passenger train was operated by the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad and was Burlington Route train #3 eastbound and train #30 westbound. ... The American Royal Zephyr was a streamliner service between Chicago and Kansas City. ... The Kansas City Zephyr was a streamliner passenger train service operated by the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad between Chicago and Kansas City. ... The California Zephyr is a 2438-mile (3924 km) passenger train route operated by Amtrak in the Midwestern and Southwestern United States. ...

Innovations

The Burlington was a leader in implementing technological innovation; among its firsts were use of the printing telegraph (1910), train radio communications (1915), streamlined passenger diesel power (1934) and vista-dome coaches (1939). In 1927, the Burlington was one of the first to utilize Centralized Traffic Control (CTC) and by the end of 1957 had equipped 1,500 miles of its right-of-way for this advanced type of signaling. 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Sunday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... 1915 (MCMXV) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... A dome car owned by the Santa Fe Railroad in the 1950s. ... 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Centralized traffic control (CTC) is a signalling system used by railroads around the world. ...


Cities Platted by the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad

Massena is a city located in Cass County, Iowa. ...

References

See also

Burlington Refrigerator Express #74637, an all-steel, ice-cooled refrigerator car. ...

External links



  Results from FactBites:
 
Illinois Railroads - history & background, with a Chicago emphasis (8604 words)
In 1860 the latter was sold under foreclosure to the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy, and, in 1863, the Peoria and Oquawka was acquired in the same way-the former constituting the Quincy branch of the main line and the latter giving it its Burlington connection.
The Chicago, Burlington and Northern-known as the Northern Division of the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy-is an important part of the system, furnishing a connection between St. Louis on the south and St. Paul and Minneapolis on the north, of which more than half of the distance of 583 miles between terminal points, is in Illinois.
The history of the Galena and Chicago Union is interesting in view of the fact that it was one of the earliest railroads incorporated in Illinois, having been chartered by special act of the Legislature during the "internal improvement" excitement of 1836.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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