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Encyclopedia > Chicago
City of Chicago

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Nickname: "The Windy City", "The Second City", "ChiTown", "Hog Butcher for the World", "City of the Big Shoulders", "The City That Works"
Motto: "Urbs in Horto" (Latin: "City in a Garden"), "I Will"
Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois
Coordinates: 41°52′55″N 87°37′40″W / 41.88194, -87.62778
Country United States
State Illinois
Counties Cook, DuPage
Settled 1770s
Incorporated March 4, 1837
Government
 - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D)
Area
 - City 237.0 sq mi (606.2 km²)
 - Land 227.2 sq mi (588.3 km²)
 - Water 6.9 sq mi (17.9 km²)  3.0%
 - Urban 2,122.8 sq mi (5,498.1 km²)
 - Metro 10,874 sq mi (28,163 km²)
Elevation 586 ft (179 m)
Population (2006)
 - City 2,833,321 (US: 3rd)
 - Density 12,470/sq mi (4,816/km²)
 - Urban 8,711,000
 - Metro 9,505,747
 - Demonym Chicagoan
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Website: egov.cityofchicago.org

Chicago (IPA: /ʃɪˈkɑːgoʊ/), is a city in the state of Illinois and the largest in the Midwest. With its population of over 2.8 million people located almost entirely in Cook County (a portion of the city's O'Hare International Airport overlaps into DuPage County), Chicago is the third largest city in the United States. The population of Chicago's metropolitan area, which covers several counties, contains over 9.7 million people in Illinois, Wisconsin and Indiana, making it the third largest metropolitan area in the U.S.[1] Chicago has been classified as an alpha world city for its worldwide economic influence.[2] Chicago may mean: Chicago, Illinois, a city in USA Chicago (band), a rock band The University of Chicago Three stations on the Chicago Transit Authoritys L system: Chicago (CTA Brown Line station) Chicago (CTA Red Line station) Chicago (CTA Blue Line station) Chicago house, a genre of electronic dance... Image File history File links Municipal_Flag_of_Chicago. ... Municipal Flag of the City of Chicago The municipal flag of Chicago consists of two blue horizontal stripes on a field of white, each stripe one-sixth the height of the full flag, and placed slightly less than one-sixth of the way from the top or bottom, respectively. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... EXAMPLE:Laughbox,Blondie,BamBam,Pinkie,etc. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Chicago is a poem by Carl Sandburg, about the U.S. city of Chicago. ... For other uses, see Motto (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Latin (disambiguation). ... Municipal Flag of Chicago for Chicago, Illinois page. ... Chicagoland redirects here. ... This list of countries, arranged alphabetically, gives an overview of countries of the world. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Largest metro area Chicago Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (140,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... Listed are the 102 counties of the state of Illinois. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... DuPage County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. ... A Municipal Corporation is a legal defintion for a local governing body, including (but not necessarily limited to) cities, counties, and towns. ... is the 63rd day of the year (64th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Queen Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom (1837 - 1901) 1837 (MDCCCXXXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Richard M. Daley is the current mayor of Chicago. ... Richard Michael Daley (born April 24, 1942) is a United States politician, member of the national and local Democratic Party and current mayor of Chicago, Illinois. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic... This article is about the physical quantity. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... To help compare different orders of magnitude and geographical regions, we list here areas between 100 km² and 1000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... Ten most populous cities in the United States Los Angeles San Jose San Diego Phoenix Chicago New York City Houston San Antonio Dallas Philadelphia The following is a list of the most populous incorporated places in the United States. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Cities with at least a million inhabitants in 2006 An urban area is an area with an increased density of human-created structures in comparison to the areas surrounding it. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A demonym or gentilic is a word that denotes the members of a people or the inhabitants of a place. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ...  CST or UTC-6 The Central Time Zone observes standard time by subtracting six hours from UTC during standard time (UTC-6) and five hours during daylight saving time (UTC-5). ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ...  CST or UTC-6 The Central Time Zone observes standard time by subtracting six hours from UTC during standard time (UTC-6) and five hours during daylight saving time (UTC-5). ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Largest metro area Chicago Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (140,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... This article is about the Midwestern region in the United States. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... OHare International Airport (IATA: ORD, ICAO: KORD, FAA LID: ORD) is an airport located in Chicago, Illinois, United States, 17 miles (27 km) northwest of the Chicago Loop. ... DuPage County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. ... Ten most populous cities in the United States Los Angeles San Jose San Diego Phoenix Chicago New York City Houston San Antonio Dallas Philadelphia The following is a list of the most populous incorporated places in the United States. ... Chicagoland redirects here. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... For other uses, see Indiana (disambiguation). ... Map of the Core Based Statistical Areas of the United States and Puerto Rico (MSAs in red and μSAs in blue) Main articles: Metropolitan Statistical Area and Core Based Statistical Area The following sortable table lists the 361 Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs) of the United States. ... “World city” redirects here. ...


Chicago was incorporated as a city in 1837. Its location at the site of a portage between the Great Lakes and the Mississippi River watershed, aided the city's rapid growth. Today, Chicago is a major transportation hub, as well as the business, financial, and cultural capital of the Midwest. The Chicago Portage connects the watersheds (BrE: drainage basin) and the navigable waterways of the Mississippi River and the Great Lakes. ... The Great Lakes from space The Laurentian Great Lakes are a group of five large lakes in North America on or near the Canada-United States border. ... For the river in Canada, see Mississippi River (Ontario). ... This article is about the Midwestern region in the United States. ...

Contents

History

The name "Chicago" is the French rendering of the Miami-Illinois name shikaakwa, meaning “wild leek”.[3][4][5] Etymologically, the sound /shikaakwa/ in Miami-Illinois literally means 'striped skunk', and was a reference to wild leek, or the smell of onions.[4] The name was initially applied to the river, but later came to denote what is presently the site of city. The sound Chicago is said[attribution needed] to be the result of a French mis-transcription of the original sound by Louis Hennepin, a Catholic priest, missionary and explorer, who in 1683 first placed the place name 'Chicago' on a map.[citation needed] Chicago, looking North from State and Washington Streets This article is about the history of Chicago, Illinois. ... It has been suggested that the section Politics from the article Law and government of Chicago be merged into this article or section. ... This newspaper article was published by the Cleveland Gazette in 1885 The City of Chicago has been known by many nicknames, but it is most widely recognized as The Windy City. ... Mayors of Chicago, Illinois, Current or Previous The mayoral term in Chicago was two years from 1837 through 1907, at which time it was lengthened to four years. ... The Miami-Illinois language is a Native American language formerly spoken in the United States, primarily in Illinois, Missouri, Indiana, and adjacent areas along the Mississippi River by the tribes of the Inoca or Illinois Confederacy, including the Kaskaskia, Peoria, Tamaroa, Cahokia, and Mitchigamea. ... Binomial name Allium tricoccum Wild leeks (Allium tricoccum), also known as ramps are a member of the onion family (Alliaceae). ... A painting of Father Louis Hennepin discovering Saint Anthony Falls. ...


During the mid-18th century the area was inhabited primarily by Potawatomis, who had taken the place of the Miami and Sauk and Fox peoples. The first settler in Chicago, Haitian Jean Baptiste Pointe du Sable, arrived in the 1770s, married a Potawatomi woman, and founded the area’s first trading post. In 1803 the United States Army built Fort Dearborn, which was destroyed in the 1812 Fort Dearborn massacre. The Ottawa, Ojibwa, and Potawatomi later ceded the land to the United States in the 1816 Treaty of St. Louis. On August 12, 1833, the Town of Chicago was organized with a population of 350. Within seven years it grew to a population of over 4,000. The City of Chicago was incorporated on March 4, 1837. Rain dance, Kansas, c. ... The Miami are a Native American tribe originally found in Indiana and Ohio, and now living also in Oklahoma. ... The Sac and Fox Nation is the modern political entity encompassing the historical Sac and Fox nations of Native Americans. ... Jean Baptiste Pointe du Sable Jean Baptiste Pointe du Sable (1745(?) - August 28, 1818), popularly known as The Father of Chicago,[1] was the first known settler in the area which is now Chicago, Illinois. ... A trading post is a place where trading of goods takes place. ... Fort Dearborn, named in honor of Henry Dearborn, was a United States fort built on the Chicago River in 1803 by troops under Captain John Whistler. ... Combatants Potawatomi United Kingdom United States Commanders Chief Blackbird Nathan Heald Strength 500+ 69 military + civilians Casualties 15 39 military + 27 civilians The Fort Dearborn massacre occurred on August 15, 1812 near Fort Dearborn in the United States during the War of 1812. ... The Ottawa (also Odawa, Odaawa, Outaouais, or Trader) are a Native American and First Nations people. ... This article is about the native North American people. ... Year 1816 (MDCCCXVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Wikisource has original text related to this article: Treaty of St. ... is the 224th day of the year (225th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1833 (MDCCCXXXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 63rd day of the year (64th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Queen Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom (1837 - 1901) 1837 (MDCCCXXXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...


The city began its step toward regional primacy as an important transportation hub between the eastern and western United States. Begun in 1836, Chicago’s first railway, Galena and Chicago Union Railroad, opened in 1848, a year which also marked the opening of the Illinois and Michigan Canal. The canal allowed steamboats and sailing ships on the Great Lakes to connect to the Mississippi River. A flourishing economy brought many new residents from rural communities as well as immigrants from abroad. The city’s manufacturing and retail sectors became dominant among Midwestern cities and subsequently influenced the American economy, particularly in meatpacking, with the advent of the refrigerated rail car and the regional centrality of the city's Union Stock Yards.[6] The Galena and Chicago Union Railroad (G&CU) was a railroad running west from Chicago to Clinton, Iowa and Freeport, Illinois, never reaching Galena, Illinois. ... The location and course of the Illinois and Michigan Canal. ... The Great Lakes from space The Laurentian Great Lakes are a group of five large lakes in North America on or near the Canada-United States border. ... For the river in Canada, see Mississippi River (Ontario). ... 2000 Census Population Ancestry Map Immigration to the United States of America is the movement of non-residents to the United States. ... A string of refrigerator cars owned by Pacific Fruit Express is mechanically-supplied with fresh ice at an Oxnard, California produce packing plant in the Spring of 1964. ... ÊÊÊÊThe Union Stock Yard & Transit Co. ...


During it's first century as a city, Chicago grew at a rate that ranked among the fastest growing in the world. Within the span of forty years, the city's population grew from slightly under 30,000 to over 1 million by 1890. By the close of the 19th century, Chicago was the fifth largest city in the world,[7] and the largest of the cities that didn't exist at the dawn of the century. Within fifty years of the Chicago Fire, the population had tripled to over 3 million.[8]

Artist's rendering of the Great Chicago Fire of 1871.

In February of 1856, the Chesbrough plan for the building of Chicago’s (and indeed the United States’) first comprehensive sewerage system was approved by the Common Council;[9] a project that necessitated the physical raising of much of central Chicago to a new grade. However, the untreated sewage and industrial waste flowed from the Chicago River into Lake Michigan, polluting the primary source of fresh water for the city. The city responded by tunneling two miles (3 km) out into Lake Michigan to newly built water cribs. Nonetheless, spring rains continued to carry polluted water as far out as the water intakes. In 1900, the problem of sewage was largely resolved when Chicago undertook an innovative engineering feat. The city actually reversed the flow of the river with the construction of the Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal leading to the Illinois River which joins the Mississippi River. The Great Chicago Fire, an artists rendering, Chicago in Flames -- The Rush for Lives Over Randolph Street Bridge From [1]. Originally from Harpers Weekly. ... The Great Chicago Fire, an artists rendering, Chicago in Flames -- The Rush for Lives Over Randolph Street Bridge From [1]. Originally from Harpers Weekly. ... Artists rendering of the fire, by John R Chapin, originally printed in Harpers Weekly; the view faces northeast across the Randolph Street Bridge. ... The word sewerage means the provision of pipes etc to collect and dispose of sewage. ... The Chicago River is 156 miles (251 km) long[1], and flows through downtown Chicago. ... Lake Michigan is one of the five Great Lakes of North America, and the only one located entirely within the United States. ... Air pollution Pollution is the introduction of pollutants (whether chemical substances, or energy such as noise, heat, or light) into the environment to such a point that its effects become harmful to human health, other living organisms, or the environment. ... Wilson Avenue crib, Chicago, Illinois. ... The Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal is the only shipping link between the Great Lakes (specifically Lake Michigan by the Chicago River) with the Mississippi River system, by way of the Illinois and Des Plaines rivers. ... This article is about the river in the U.S. state of Illinois. ... For the river in Canada, see Mississippi River (Ontario). ...

The Chicago Water Tower, one of the few surviving buildings after the Great Chicago Fire of 1871.

After the Great Chicago Fire of 1871 destroyed a third of the city, including the entire central business district, Chicago experienced rapid rebuilding and growth.[10] During Chicago's rebuilding period, the world's first skyscraper was constructed in 1885 using steel-skeleton construction. The Chicago Water Tower is a contributing property in the Old Chicago Water Tower District landmark district. ... Artists rendering of the fire, by John R Chapin, originally printed in Harpers Weekly; the view faces northeast across the Randolph Street Bridge. ... Artists rendering of the fire, by John R Chapin, originally printed in Harpers Weekly; the view faces northeast across the Randolph Street Bridge. ... The Central Business District of Sydney, Australia. ... The Home Insurance Building was built in 1885 in Chicago, Illinois and demolished in 1931 to make way for the Field Building (now the LaSalle National Bank). ... Steel frame usual refers to a building technique in which a skeleton frame of steel is constructed to support the building which is attached to the frame. ...


In 1893, Chicago hosted the World's Columbian Exposition on former marshland at the present location of Jackson Park. The Exposition drew 27.5 million visitors, and is considered among the most influential world's fairs in history.[11] The University of Chicago had been founded one year earlier in 1892 on the same South Side location. The term "midway" for a fair or carnival referred originally to the Midway Plaisance, a strip of park land that still runs through the University of Chicago campus and connects Washington and Jackson Parks. One-third scale replica of Daniel Chester Frenchs Republic, which stood in the great basin at the exposition, Chicago, 2004 The Worlds Columbian Exposition (also called The Chicago Worlds Fair), a Worlds Fair, was held in Chicago in 1893, to celebrate the 400th anniversary of Christopher... Jackson Park or Jackson Park Highlands is a 500 acre (2 km²) park on Chicagos South Side located in the South Shore community area, bordering Lake Michigan and the neighborhoods of Hyde Park and Woodlawn. ... For other uses, see University of Chicago (disambiguation). ... Midway Plaisance is a linear park located near Lake Michigan in Chicago, Illinois approximately 5 miles from the downtown Loop area. ... Washington Park is a 380 acre (1. ...


The city was the site of labor conflicts and unrest during this period, which included the Haymarket affair on May 4, 1886. Concern for social problems among Chicago’s lower classes led Jane Addams to be a co-founder of Hull House in 1889, the first of what were called settlement houses. Programs developed there became a model for the new field of social work. The city also invested in many large, well-landscaped municipal parks, which also included public sanitation facilities. // The labor history of the United States involves the history of organized labor, as well as the more general history of working people. ... The Haymarket Riot on May 4, 1886 in Chicago is generally considered to have been an important influence on the origin of international May Day observances for workers. ... is the 124th day of the year (125th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1886 (MDCCCLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Laura Jane Addams (September 6, 1860 – May 21, 1935) was a founder of the U.S. Settlement House movement, and the first American woman to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. ... Hull House was co-founded in 1889, in Chicago, Illinois, by Jane Addams and Ellen Gates Starr. ... The Chicago Park District is the oldest and financially largest Park District in the nation, with over a $400 million budget. ...


The 1920s brought notoriety to Chicago as gangsters, including the notorious Al Capone, battled each other and law enforcement on the city streets during the Prohibition era. The 1920s also saw a major expansion in industry. The availability of jobs attracted African Americans from the South. Arriving in the tens of thousands during the Great Migration, the cultural impact of the newcomers was immense. It was during this wave that Chicago became a center for jazz, with King Oliver leading the way.[12] “Capone” redirects here. ... Detroit police inspecting equipment found in a clandestine underground brewery during the prohibition era. ... The states in blue had the ten largest net gains of African-Americans during the Great Migration, while the states in red had the ten largest net losses[1]. The Great Migration was the movement of over 1 million[1] African Americans out of the rural Southern United States from... For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ... Joe King Oliver, (December 19, 1885 – April 10, 1938) was a bandleader and jazz cornet player. ...


In 1933, Mayor Anton Cermak was assassinated while in Miami with President Franklin D. Roosevelt. Anton Cermak Anton Cermak, in Czech Antonín Čermák, (May 9, 1873 – March 6, 1933) was the mayor of Chicago, Illinois, from 1931 until his death in 1933. ... Assassin and Assassins redirect here. ... FDR redirects here. ...


On December 2, 1942, physicist Enrico Fermi conducted the world’s first controlled nuclear reaction at the University of Chicago as part of the top-secret Manhattan Project. is the 336th day of the year (337th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link will display the full 1942 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Enrico Fermi (September 29, 1901 – November 28, 1954) was an Italian physicist most noted for his work on the development of the first nuclear reactor, and for his contributions to the development of quantum theory, particle physics and statistical mechanics. ... In nuclear physics, a nuclear reaction is a process in which two nuclei or nuclear particles collide to produce products different from the initial particles. ... For other uses, see University of Chicago (disambiguation). ... This article is about the World War II nuclear project. ...

The Sears Tower, at 110 Stories, stands as Chicago's tallest building since its completion in 1973 and is the tallest building in the Western Hemisphere.

Mayor Richard J. Daley was elected in 1955, in the era of machine politics. Starting in the 1960s, many upper- and middle-class citizens started leaving the city for the suburbs, as was the case in many cities across the country. It took the heart out of many residential neighborhoods, leaving impoverished and disadvantaged citizens behind. Structural changes in industry caused heavy losses of jobs for lower skilled workers. The Sears Tower is a skyscraper in Chicago, Illinois. ... The geographical western hemisphere of Earth, highlighted in yellow. ... Richard Joseph Daley (May 15, 1902 – December 20, 1976) was the longest-serving mayor of Chicago. ... In this 1899 cartoon from Puck, all of New York City politics revolves around boss Richard Croker A political machine is an unofficial system of a political organization based on patronage, the spoils system, behind-the-scenes control, and longstanding political ties within the structure of a representative democracy. ... “Suburbia” redirects here. ...


The city hosted the tumultuous 1968 Democratic National Convention, which featured physical confrontations both inside and outside the convention hall, including full-scale police riots in city streets. Major construction projects, including the Sears Tower (which in 1974 became the world’s tallest building), McCormick Place, and O'Hare Airport, were undertaken during Richard J. Daley's tenure. When he died, Michael Anthony Bilandic was mayor for three years. His loss in a primary election has been attributed to the city’s inability to properly plow city streets during a heavy snowstorm. In 1979, Jane Byrne, the city’s first female mayor, was elected. She popularized the city as a movie location and tourist destination. The 1968 National Convention of the U.S. Democratic Party was held at International Amphitheatre in Chicago, Illinois, from August 26 to August 29, 1968, for the purposes of choosing the Democratic nominee for the 1968 U.S. presidential election. ... Police riot is a pejorative term that became increasingly more common through the late 20th century, implying the wrongful, disproportionate, unlawful and illegitimate use of force by a group of police against a group of civilians. ... The Sears Tower is a skyscraper in Chicago, Illinois. ... The under construction Burj Dubai in Dubai, United Arab Emirates is the worlds current tallest freestanding structure on land, rising 585. ... McCormick Place is an enormous exposition complex located in Chicago, Illinois. ... OHare International Airport (IATA: ORD, ICAO: KORD, FAA LID: ORD) is an airport located in Chicago, Illinois, United States, 17 miles (27 km) northwest of the Chicago Loop. ... Michael Anthony Bilandic (born: February 13, 1923; died: January 16, 2002; buried in St. ... Jane Margaret Byrne (born May 24, 1934) was the first female Mayor of Chicago, Illinois. ... A filming location is a place where some or all of a film or television series is produced, in addition to or instead of using sets constructed on a studio backlot or soundstage. ... The United States of America has a large and lucrative tourism industry serving millions of international and domestic tourists. ...


In 1983 Harold Washington became the first African American to be elected to the office of mayor, in one of the closest mayoral elections in Chicago. After Washington won the Democratic primary, racial motivations caused Democratic alderman and ward committeemen to back the Republican candidate Bernard Epton, who ran on the slogan Before it’s too late, a thinly veiled appeal to fear.[13] Washington’s term in office saw new attention given to poor and minority neighborhoods. His administration reduced the longtime dominance of city contracts and employment by ethnic whites. Harold Washington (April 15, 1922 – November 25, 1987) was an American lawyer and politician who became the first African American Mayor of Chicago, serving from 1983 until his death. ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... Bernard Epton (1921-1987) was a wealthy insurance attorney and Republican Illinois state legislator most notable for opposing Harold Washington for the mayoralty of Chicago in 1983. ... An appeal to fear (also called argumentum ad metum or argumentum in terrorem) is a logical fallacy in which a person attempts to create support for his or her idea by playing on existing fears and prejudices. ...


Current mayor Richard M. Daley, son of the late Richard J. Daley, was first elected in 1989. He has led many progressive changes to the city, including improving parks; creating incentives for sustainable development, including green roofs; and major new developments. Since the 1990s, the city has undergone a revitalization in which some lower class neighborhoods have been transformed into pricey neighborhoods as new middle class residents have settled in the city. Richard Michael Daley (born April 24, 1942) is a United States politician, member of the national and local Democratic Party and current mayor of Chicago, Illinois. ...


Geography

Main article: Geography of Chicago

Geography of Chicago and surrounding counties The city of Chicago is located in northern Illinois at the south western tip of Lake Michigan. ...

Topography

Aerial view of downtown Chicago looking north during winter.

Chicago is located in northeastern Illinois at the southwestern tip of Lake Michigan. Chicago's official geographic coordinates are 41°53′0″N, 87°39′0″W. It sits on the continental divide at the site of the Chicago Portage, connecting the Mississippi River and the Great Lakes watersheds. The city lies beside Lake Michigan, and two rivers — the Chicago River in downtown and the Calumet River in the industrial far South Side — flow entirely or partially through Chicago. The Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal connects the Chicago River with the Des Plaines River, which runs to the west of the city. Download high resolution version (1024x768, 361 KB)Chicago Aerial View I, the creator of this image, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Download high resolution version (1024x768, 361 KB)Chicago Aerial View I, the creator of this image, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Lake Michigan is one of the five Great Lakes of North America, and the only one located entirely within the United States. ... A continental divide is a line of elevated terrain which forms a border between two watersheds such that water falling on one side of the line eventually travels to one ocean or body of water, and water on the other side travels to another, generally on the opposite side of... The Chicago Portage connects the watersheds (BrE: drainage basin) and the navigable waterways of the Mississippi River and the Great Lakes. ... For the river in Canada, see Mississippi River (Ontario). ... The Great Lakes from space The Laurentian Great Lakes are a group of five large lakes in North America on or near the Canada-United States border. ... A drainage basin is the area within the drainage basin divide (blue outline), and drains the surface runoff and river discharge (green lines) of a contiguous area. ... The Chicago River is 156 miles (251 km) long[1], and flows through downtown Chicago. ... The Calumet River refers to a system of heavily industrialized rivers in the region around South Chicago and Gary, Indiana. ... The Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal is the only shipping link between the Great Lakes (specifically Lake Michigan by the Chicago River) with the Mississippi River system, by way of the Illinois and Des Plaines rivers. ... This article needs to be wikified. ...


When Chicago was founded in the 1830s, most of the early building began around the mouth of the Chicago River, as can be seen on a map of the city's original 58 blocks.[14] According to the U.S. Census Bureau Chicago has a total area of 234.0 square miles (606.1 km²), of which 227.1 square miles (588.3 km²) is land and 6.9 square miles (17.8 km²) (2.94%) is water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ...


The overall grade of the city's central, built-up areas, is relatively consistent with the natural flatness of its overall natural geography, generally exhibiting only slight differentiation otherwise. The average land elevation land is 579 feet (176 m) above sea level. The lowest points are along the lake shore at 577 feet (176 m), while the highest point at 735 feet (224 m) is a landfill located in the Hegewisch community area on the city's far south side ( 41°39′18″N, 87°34′44″W). Grading (construction) means the preliminary construction of a road or a railway Grade (slope) Slope Categories: | ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... For considerations of sea level change, in particular rise associated with possible global warming, see sea level rise. ... Look up landfill in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Hegewisch (pronounced heg-wish), one of the 77 community areas of Chicago, Illinois, is located on the citys far south side. ...


Lake Michigan

Main Article: Lake Michigan Lake Michigan is one of the five Great Lakes of North America, and the only one located entirely within the United States. ...

Chicago's history and economy are closely tied to its proximity to Lake Michigan. While the Chicago River historically handled much of the region's maritime cargo, today's huge lake freighters use the city's far south Lake Calumet Harbor. The Lake also moderates Chicago's climate, making it warmer in the winter and cooler in the summer. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1536x1024, 425 KB) Chicago Harbor Lighthouse. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1536x1024, 425 KB) Chicago Harbor Lighthouse. ... The Chicago Harbor Lighthouse, which is still active, but automated, sits at the end of the northern breakwater protecting the Chicago Harbor, to the east of Navy Pier and the mouth of the Chicago River. ... The ill-fated SS Edmund Fitzgerald, built in the classic dual superstructure style with her wheelhouse up near the bow. ...


Lake Shore Drive runs adjacent to a large portion of Chicago's lakefront. Parks along the lakeshore include Lincoln Park, Grant Park, Burnham Park and Jackson Park; 29 public beaches are found all along the shore. Near downtown, landfills extend into the Lake, providing space for the Jardine Water Purification Plant, Navy Pier, the Museum Campus, Soldier Field, and large portions of the McCormick Place Convention Center. Most of the city's high-rise commercial and residential buildings can be found within a few blocks of the Lake. The double-decker Lake Shore Drive Bridge across the Chicago River; Wacker Drive is visible in the background Lake Shore Drive at the Chicago River in 1941 Looking northeast across Lakeshore East at the triple-decker Wacker Drive. ... Lincoln Park Lincoln Park is a 1,200 acre (4. ... The Taste of Chicago is held in Grant Park annually around Independence Day. ... Burnham Park is a park in Chicago, Illinois. ... Jackson Park or Jackson Park Highlands is a 500 acre (2 km²) park on Chicagos South Side located in the South Shore community area, bordering Lake Michigan and the neighborhoods of Hyde Park and Woodlawn. ... Chicago has 31 lakefront beaches along Lake Michigan. ... The Jardine Water Purification Plant, formerly the Central District Filtration Plant, is the largest capacity water filtration plant in the world, located at 1000 East Ohio Street north of Navy Pier in Chicago. ... The Navy Pier seen from the John Hancock Center Navy Pier is a 3,000 foot long pier on the Chicago shoreline of Lake Michigan. ... Museum Campus Chicago is a 10 acre (40,000 m²) lakefront park in Chicago that surrounds the Adler Planetarium, the Shedd Aquarium and the Field Museum of Natural History. ... Soldier Field (formerly Municipal Grant Park Stadium) is located on Lake Shore Drive in Chicago, Illinois, and is currently home to the NFLs Chicago Bears. ... McCormick Place is an enormous exposition complex located in Chicago, Illinois. ...


Climate

Main article: Climate of Chicago

The city lies within the humid continental climate zone (Koppen Dfa), and experiences four distinct seasons. In July, typically the warmest month, high temperatures average 84.9 °F (29.4 °C) and low temperatures 65.8 °F (18.8 °C). In January, typically the coldest month, high temperatures average 31.5 °F (−0.3 °C) with low temperatures averaging 17.1 °F (−8.3 °C). According to the National Weather Service, Chicago’s highest official temperature reading of 105 °F (41 °C) was recorded on July 17, 1995. The lowest temperature of −27 °F (−33 °C) was recorded on January 20, 1985. A small part of downtown Chicago in the winter Chicago has a climate typical of the U.S. Midwest. ... The humid continental climate is a climate found over large areas of land masses in the temperate regions of the mid-latitudes where there is a zone of conflict between polar and tropical air masses. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... For other uses, see Fahrenheit (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Celsius (disambiguation). ... The National Weather Service (NWS) is one of the six scientific agencies that make up the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) of the United States government. ... is the 198th day of the year (199th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ...


Chicago’s yearly precipitation averages about 34 inches. Summer is typically the rainiest season, with short-lived rainfall and thunderstorms more common than prolonged rainy periods.[15] Winter precipitation tends to be more snow than rain. Chicago's snowiest winter on record was that of 1929–30, with 114.2 inches (290 cm) of snow in total. Chicago’s highest one-day rainfall total was 6.49 inches (164 mm), on August 14, 1987. An inch (plural: inches; symbol or abbreviation: in or, sometimes, ″ - a double prime) is the name of a unit of length in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... A shelf cloud associated with a heavy or severe thunderstorm over Enschede, The Netherlands. ... For other uses, see Snow (disambiguation). ... is the 226th day of the year (227th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar). ...

Weather averages for Chicago, IL
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 32 (0) 35 (2) 46 (8) 59 (15) 70 (21) 81 (27) 85 (29) 83 (28) 76 (24) 64 (18) 48 (9) 36 (2) 60 (15)
Average low °F (°C) 17 (-8) 21 (-6) 29 (-1) 40 (5) 50 (10) 60 (16) 66 (19) 65 (18) 56 (14) 45 (7) 33 (1) 22 (-5) 42 (6)
Precipitation inch (cm) 1.8 (4.9) 1.6 (4.0) 2.6 (7.0) 3.4 (8.9) 3.6 (9.2) 3.8 (10.2) 3.6 (9.5) 3.3 (8.8) 3.1 (8.0) 2.7 (7.0) 2.6 (6.9) 2.2 (5.7) 34.3 (90.2)
Source: Illinois State Climatologist Data[16] Jul 2007

Cityscape

A panoramic view of the Chicago Skyline stretching from Shedd Aquarium to Navy Pier taken from Adler Planetarium.
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Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (8459x1024, 1387 KB)[edit] Summary Chicago Skyline from Adler Planetarium Buphoff 18:46, 9 October 2006 (UTC) [edit] Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... John G. Shedd Aquarium is an indoor aquarium in Chicago, Illinois in the United States. ... The Navy Pier seen from the John Hancock Center Navy Pier is a 3,000 foot long pier on the Chicago shoreline of Lake Michigan. ... Adler Planetarium The Adler Planetarium and Astronomy Museum in downtown Chicago, Illinois was the first planetarium in the United States and is the oldest in existence today. ...

Architecture

Main articles: Architecture of Chicago and List of Chicago Landmarks
See also: List of tallest buildings in Chicago, Parks of Chicago, and Neighborhoods of Chicago
Buildings lining the Chicago River.

The outcome of the Great Chicago Fire led to the largest building boom in the history of the nation. Perhaps the most outstanding of these events was the relocation of many of the nation's most prominent architects to the city from New England for construction of the 1893 World Columbian Exposition. Many architects including Burnham, Root, Adler and Sullivan went on to design other well known Chicago landmarks because of the Exposition. Night view of the top of The Chicago Board of Trade Building at 141 West Jackson, an address that has twice housed Chicagos tallest building Chicago Landmark is a designation of the Mayor of Chicago and the Chicago City Council for historic buildings and other sites in Chicago, Illinois. ... Downtown Chicago from the northwest Chicago has the tallest building in the United States, the Sears Tower, and many slightly shorter buildings, almost all in the Loop or along the Magnificent Mile. ... Buckingham Fountain, donated to Chicago in 1927 by Kate Buckingham Anish Kapoors Cloud Gate (commonly known as The Bean) at Chicagos Millennium Park. ... The neighborhoods of Chicago are less well-defined than Chicagos seventy-seven Community Areas. ... This article is about the region in the United States of America. ...

Looking north from the North Michigan Avenue Bridge on Chicago's 'Magnificent Mile'. The Wrigley Building and Tribune Tower are in the foreground with the John Hancock Center in the distance.

In 1885, the first steel-framed high-rise building rose in Chicago ushering in the skyscraper era.[17] Today, Chicago's skyline is among the world's tallest.[18] Downtown's historic buildings include the Chicago Board of Trade Building in the Loop, with others along the lakefront and the Chicago River. Once first on the list of largest buildings in the world and still listed sixth, the Merchandise Mart stands near the junction of the north and south river branches. The three tallest in the city are the Sears Tower, the Aon Center (previously the Standard Oil Building), and the John Hancock Center. The city's architecture includes lakefront high-rise residential towers, low-rise structures, and single-family homes. Industrialized areas such as the Indiana border, south of Midway Airport, and the banks of the Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal are clustered. Magnificent Mile looking south View north from the foot of the Magnificent Mile The Magnificent Mile is the portion of Michigan Avenue in Chicago, Illinois extending from the Chicago River to Oak Street in Near North Side community area. ... The gleaming white Wrigley Building (410 N. Michigan Avenue, Chicago, Illinois) is a skyscraper located directly across Michigan Avenue from the Tribune Tower. ... The Tribune Tower is a Gothic building located at 435 North Michigan Avenue in Chicago, Illinois. ... Several buildings bear this name, all built by John Hancock Insurance and named after John Hancock. ... For other uses, see Skyscraper (disambiguation). ... The Chicago Board of Trade Building houses the Chicago Board of Trade, the worlds largest futures and options exchange. ... The Loop is what locals call the historical center of downtown Chicago. ... This article is about the largest buildings in the world. ... The Chicago Merchandise Mart North side of the Merchandise Mart Behind the Merchandise Mart A display inside the Merchandise Mart The Merchandise Mart is one of the largest commercial buildings in the world, located in Chicago, Illinois. ... The Sears Tower is a skyscraper in Chicago, Illinois. ... The Aon Center (200 East Randolph Street) is a modern skyscraper in Chicago designed by architect Edward Durell Stone and completed in 1973 as the Standard Oil Building. ... Several buildings bear this name, all built by John Hancock Insurance and named after John Hancock. ... For other uses, see Indiana (disambiguation). ... The Greater-Chicago Area featuring Chicago-Midway and OHare International Airports Chicago Midway International Airport (IATA: MDW, ICAO: KMDW, FAA LID: MDW), also known simply as Midway Airport, is an airport in Chicago, Illinois, United States, located on the citys southwest side, eight miles from Chicagos Loop. ... The Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal is the only shipping link between the Great Lakes (specifically Lake Michigan by the Chicago River) with the Mississippi River system, by way of the Illinois and Des Plaines rivers. ...

Future skyline plans entail the supertall Waterview Tower, Chicago Spire, and Trump International Hotel and Tower. The 60602 zip code was named by Forbes as the hottest zip code in the country with upscale buildings such as The Heritage at Millennium Park (130 N. Garland) leading the way for other buildings such at Waterview Tower, The Legacy and Momo. Other new skyscraper construction may be found directly south (South Loop) and north (River North) of the Loop. One Prudential Plaza (formerly known as the Prudential Building) is a 44 story structure in Chicago completed in 1955 as the headquarters for Prudentials Mid-America company. ... Two Prudential Plaza is a skyscraper built in Chicago in 1990. ... The Aon Center (200 East Randolph Street) is a modern skyscraper in Chicago designed by architect Edward Durell Stone and completed in 1973 as the Standard Oil Building. ... Millennium Park is a prominent new civic center of the City of Chicago in Illinois and an important landmark of the citys lakefront. ... The under construction Burj Dubai in Dubai, United Arab Emirates is the worlds current tallest freestanding structure on land, rising 585. ... Waterview Tower is a mixed used development under construction in downtown Chicago, Illinois. ... The Chicago Spire is a supertall skyscraper under construction in Chicago, Illinois. ... For other buildings of the same name see Trump International Hotel and Tower The Trump International Hotel and Tower is a skyscraper condo-hotel under construction at 401 N. Wabash Avenue in downtown Chicago, Illinois named for famed real estate developer Donald Trump. ... Mr. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The curvy exterior of the Heritage The Heritage at Millennium Park is a relatively new mixed use tower in Chicago. ... The Loop is what locals call the historical center of downtown Chicago. ... The Near North Side is the part of Chicago, Illinois just north of the downtown central business district (the Loop). ...


Every kind and scale of houses, townhouses, condominiums and apartment buildings can be found in Chicago. Large swaths of Chicago's residential areas away from the lake are characterized by bungalows built either during the early 20th century or after World War II. Chicago was a center of the Polish Cathedral style of church architecture. A row of bungalows in Virginia A bungalow (Gujarati: , Hindi: ) is a type of single-story house. ... Immaculate Heart of Mary Church on Polish Hill in Pittsburgh The Polish Cathedral style of North-American Catholic church is a genre of church architecture found throughout the Great Lakes and Middle Atlantic regions as well as in parts of New England in North America. ...


Neighborhoods

Chicago is partitioned into four main sections: Downtown (which contains the Loop), the North Side, the South Side, and the West Side. In the late 1920s sociologists at the University of Chicago subdivided the city into 77 distinct community areas. The boundaries of these areas are more clearly defined than those of the over 210 neighborhoods throughout the city, allowing for better year-by-year comparisons. The neighborhoods of Chicago are less well-defined than Chicagos seventy-seven Community Areas. ... For other uses, see University of Chicago (disambiguation). ... The city Chicago, Illinois, is divided into seventy-seven community areas. ... The neighborhoods of Chicago are less well-defined than Chicagos seventy-seven Community Areas. ...


Downtown and The Loop

Main article: Chicago Loop

The downtown area, lying somewhat roughly between Division Street on the north, Lake Michigan on the east, Roosevelt Road on the south and DesPlaines Avenue on the west, serves as the city's commercial hub. The area known as The Loop, is a portion of downtown named for it's once having been located within a circuit of cable cars. Today the name reflects the elevated train Loop, which connects — either directly or indirectly — to every line in the CTA rapid transit system. Some of downtown's commercial, cultural, and financial institutions are located in the Loop. The Loop is what locals call the historical center of downtown Chicago. ... Lake Michigan is one of the five Great Lakes of North America, and the only one located entirely within the United States. ... Chicago Transit Authority, also known as CTA, is the operator of mass transit within the City of Chicago, Illinois. ... “Mass Transit” redirects here. ...


North Side

The city's North Side (extending north of downtown along the lakefront) is the most densely populated residential section of the city. It contains public parkland and beaches stretching for miles along Lake Michigan to the city's northern border. Much of the North Side has benefited from of an economic boom which began in the 1990s. For example, the River North area, located just north of the Chicago River and the Loop, has undergone a transition from a warehouse district to an active commercial, residential, and entertainment hub, featuring the city's largest concentration of contemporary art galleries. Just west of River North's galleries and bistros, demolition of the CHA's Cabrini-Green housing project began in 2003, being replaced by upscale townhomes.[19] The Chicago Housing Authority is an organization focusing on public housing in the city of Chicago. ... Cabrini-Green is one of the most notorious and infamous housing projects in the world. ...


South Side

Main article: South Side (Chicago)

The South Side (extending south of downtown along Lake Michigan) is the largest section of the city, encompassing roughly 60% of the city's land area. The section along the lake is marked with public parkland and beaches. The South Side has a higher ratio of single-family homes and also contains most of the city's industry. The Victory Monument in the Black Metropolis-Bronzeville District is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. ...


Along with being the largest section of the city in terms of geography, the South Side is also home to two of the city's largest parades: the annual Bud Billiken Day parade, which is held during the second weekend of August and celebrates children returning to school, and the South Side Irish Parade, which is always held the Sunday prior to Saint Patrick's Day, unless the holiday falls on a Sunday in which case the parade is held that day. Barack Obama float at 2004 parade. ... South Side Irish is the term that refers to the large Irish Catholic community on the South Side of Chicago, Illinois. ... St. ...


The South Side has two of Chicago's largest public parks. Jackson Park, which hosted the World's Columbian Exposition in 1893, is currently the site of the Museum of Science and Industry. The park stretches along the lakefront, linking the neighborhoods of Hyde Park and South Shore. Washington Park, which is connected to Jackson Park by the Midway Plaisance, is currently being considered as the primary site of the Olympic Stadium for the 2016 Summer Olympics if Chicago wins the bid. Jackson Park or Jackson Park Highlands is a 500 acre (2 km²) park on Chicagos South Side located in the South Shore community area, bordering Lake Michigan and the neighborhoods of Hyde Park and Woodlawn. ... One-third scale replica of Daniel Chester Frenchs Republic, which stood in the great basin at the exposition, Chicago, 2004 The Worlds Columbian Exposition (also called The Chicago Worlds Fair), a Worlds Fair, was held in Chicago in 1893, to celebrate the 400th anniversary of Christopher... A view from the lagoon behind the Museum of Science and Industry, the only in-place surviving building from the 1893 World Columbian Exposition and a National Historic Landmark. ... This article is about the Chicago community area. ... South Shore is a largely African-American neighborhood, which is growing in diversity, on the south side of Chicago. ... Washington Park is a 380 acre (1. ... Midway Plaisance is a linear park located near Lake Michigan in Chicago, Illinois approximately 5 miles from the downtown Loop area. ... The 2016 Summer Olympics, officially the Games of the XXXI Olympiad, is a major international sports and cultural festival to be celebrated in the tradition of the Olympic Games as governed by the International Olympic Committee. ...


West Side

The West Side (extending west of downtown) is made up of neighborhoods such as Austin, Lawndale, Garfield Park, West Town, and Humboldt Park among others. Some neighborhoods, particularly Garfield Park and Lawndale, have socio-economic problems including urban decay and crime. Other West Side neighborhoods, especially those closer to downtown, have been experiencing a rise in property value. Austin, located on the Far West Side of Chicago, Illinois, is the largest (by population) of the citys 77 officially defined community areas (neighborhoods), followed by Lakeview. ... North Lawndale (also known simply as Lawndale) is a community area located on the west side of Chicago, Illinois. ... East Garfield Park is a community area located on the west side of Chicago, Illinois, USA. It is part of the Chicago West Side area. ... West Town located in Chicago, Illinois, northwest of the Loop, is one of 77 officially designated Chicago community areas. ... Boricua Humboldt Park is located on the northwest side of Chicago. ... Urban decay and renewal in Cincinnati Urban decay is the popular term for both the physical and social degeneration of cities and large towns. ...


Major parks on the West Side include Douglas Park, Garfield Park, and Humboldt Park. Garfield Park Conservatory houses one of the largest collections of tropical plants of any U.S. city. Cultural attractions on the West Side include Humboldt Park's Puerto Rican Day festival, and the National Museum of Mexican Art in Pilsen. The Garfield Park Conservatory in Chicago, Illinois is one of the largest and most impressive conservatories in the United States. ... This article is about the NYC parade. ... New Logo, December 2006-Present Logo of the Museum until December 2006 The The National Museum of Mexican Art (Formerly known as the Mexican Fine Arts Center Museum) is a museum which features Mexican, Latino, and Chicano art and culture. ... Pilsen is a neighborhood on Chicagos West Side. ...


Parks

Main article: Parks of Chicago
Portage Park on the Northwest side

When Chicago incorporated in 1837 it chose the motto "Urbs in Horto" a Latin phrase which translates into English as "City in a Garden", and today the Chicago Park District consists of 552 parks with over 7,300 acres (30 km²) of municipal parkland as well as 33 beaches, nine museums, two world-class conservatories, 16 historic lagoons and 10 bird and wildlife gardens. Lincoln Park, the largest of these parks has over 20 million visitors each year, making it second only to Central Park in New York City.[20] Nine lakefront harbors located within a number of parks along the lakefront render the Chicago Park District the nation's largest municipal harbor system. In addition to ongoing beautification and renewal projects for existing parks, a number of new parks have been added in recent years such as Ping Tom Memorial Park, DuSable Park and most notably Millennium Park. The wealth of greenspace afforded by Chicago's parks is further augmented by the Cook County Forest Preserves, a network of open spaces containing forest, prairie, wetland, streams, and lakes, that are set aside as natural areas which lie along the city's periphery which are also home to both the Chicago Botanic Garden and Brookfield Zoo. Buckingham Fountain, donated to Chicago in 1927 by Kate Buckingham Anish Kapoors Cloud Gate (commonly known as The Bean) at Chicagos Millennium Park. ... For other uses, see Latin (disambiguation). ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... The Chicago Park District is the oldest and financially largest Park District in the nation, with over a $400 million budget. ... Lincoln Park Lincoln Park is a 1,200 acre (4. ... Central Park is a large public, urban park (843 acres, 3. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... The Chicago Park District is the oldest and financially largest Park District in the nation, with over a $400 million budget. ... DuSable Park is a park (3. ... Millennium Park is a prominent new civic center of the City of Chicago in Illinois and an important landmark of the citys lakefront. ... The Cook County Forest Preserves are a network of open spaces, containing forest, prairie, wetland, streams, and lakes, that are set aside as natural areas. ... This article is about a community of trees. ... For other uses, see Prairie (disambiguation). ... A subtropical wetland in Florida, USA, with an endangered American Crocodile. ... Butchers Creek, Omeo, Victoria A stream, brook, beck, burn or creek, is a body of water with a detectable current, confined within a bed and banks. ... For other uses, see Lake (disambiguation). ... Inside the Chicago Botanic Garden; view of a lake and different flora. ... The Brookfield Zoo is a zoo located in the Chicago suburb of Brookfield, Illinois. ...


Culture and contemporary life

Main article: Culture of Chicago

The city's waterfront allure and nightlife has attracted residents and tourists alike. Over one-third of the city population is concentrated in the lakefront neighborhoods (from Rogers Park in the north to Hyde Park in the south). The North Side has a large gay and lesbian community. Two North Side neighborhoods in particular, Lakeview and the Andersonville area of the Edgewater neighborhood, are home to many LGBT businesses and organizations. The area adjacent to the North Side intersection of Halsted and Belmont is a gay neighborhood known to Chicagoans as "Boys Town". The city has many upscale dining establishments as well as many ethnic restaurant districts. These include "Greektown" on South Halsted, "Little Italy" on Taylor Street, just west of Halsted, "Chinatown" on the near South Side, "Little Seoul" on and around Lawrence Avenue, a cluster of Vietnamese restaurants on Argyle Street and South Asian (Indian/Pakistani) on Devon Avenue. The culture of Chicago, Illinois, is known for various forms of performing arts, such as improvisational comedy, and music, such as Chicago blues and soul. ... Mundelein College at Loyola University Chicago was once the tallest building in Rogers Park. ... This article is about the Chicago community area. ... The sociological construct of a gay community is complex among those that classify themselves as homosexual, ranging from full-embracement to complete and utter rejection of the concept. ... The initialism LGBT also GLBT is in use (since the 1990s) to refer collectively to Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender people. ... The sign on Wrigley Field Halsted Street is a major north-south street in Chicago, Illinois. ... Belmont Avenue (3200 N.) is a major east-west street on the North Side of Chicago. ... Boystown is the popular name of a locally recognized neighborhood enclave within Chicago, Illinois. ...


Entertainment and performing arts

See also: Theatre in Chicago and Category:Music venues in Chicago
A Chicago jazz club

Chicago’s theatre community spawned modern improvisational theatre.[21] Two renowned comedy troupes emerged — The Second City and I.O. (formerly known as ImprovOlympic). Renowned Chicago theater companies include the Steppenwolf Theatre Company (on the city's north side), the Goodman Theatre, and the Victory Gardens Theater. Chicago offers Broadway-style entertainment at theatres such as Ford Center for the Performing Arts Oriental Theatre, LaSalle Bank Theatre, Cadillac Palace Theatre, Auditorium Building of Roosevelt University, and Drury Lane Theatre Water Tower Place. Polish language productions for Chicago's large Polish speaking population can be seen at the historic Gateway Theatre in Jefferson Park. Since 1968, the Joseph Jefferson Awards are given annually to acknowledge excellence in theatre in the Chicago area. Not to be confused with the Chicago Theatre, aka Chicago Theater, built in 1921, a theater at 175 North State Street The Auditorium Theatre. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (768x1024, 482 KB) Summary Source: http://www. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (768x1024, 482 KB) Summary Source: http://www. ... Serge Sudeikins poster for the Bat Theatre (1922). ... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Second City redirects here. ... The I.O., or I.O. Chicago, (formerly known as ImprovOlympic) is a theater at 3541 N. Clark Street in the Wrigleyville neighborhood of Chicago, Illinois dedicated to improvisational comedy. ... Steppenwolf Theatre Company is a Tony Award-winning Chicago theatre company founded in 1974 by Gary Sinise, Terry Kinney and Jeff Perry in the basement of a church in Highland Park, Illinois. ... The Goodman Theatre The Goodman Theatre is a theater in Chicagos Loop, and part of Chicago theatre. ... Victory Gardens Theater is a theater in Chicago, Illinois dedicated to the development and production of new plays and playwrights. ... For other places with the same name, see Oriental Theatre. ... The LaSalle Bank Theatre (formerly the Sam Shubert Theatre) is a Chicago theatre now owned by the Nederlander Organization and is operated by Broadway In Chicago. ... The Cadillac Palace Theatre (formerly the The New Palace Theatre) is a Chicago theatre. ... The Auditorium Building in Chicago The Auditorium Building in Chicago, Illinois is one of the best-known designs of Dankmar Adler and Louis Sullivan. ... The Drury Lane Theatre is a live theater located at the intersection of Kingery Highway, Butterfield Road, and Illinois Route 38 (Roosevelt Road) in Oakbrook Terrace, a suburb of Chicago, Illinois. ... Polish (jÄ™zyk polski, polszczyzna) is the official language of Poland. ... The Gateway Theatre, now part of the Copernicus Cultural and Civic Center in the Jefferson Park community area of Chicago in Cook County, Illinois, United States , is the sole surviving atmospheric-style theatre in the Chicagoland area. ... Jefferson Park located on the northwest side of Chicago, USA, is one of 77 officially designated Chicago community areas. ... The Joseph Jefferson Awards (The Jeff Awards) are given annually to acknowledge excellence in theatre in the Chicago area. ...


Classical music offerings include the Chicago Symphony Orchestra, recognized as one of the finest orchestras in the world, which performs at Symphony Center. In the summer, many outdoor concerts are given in Grant Park and Millennium Park. Ravinia Park, located 25 miles (40 km) north of Chicago, is also a favorite destination for many Chicagoans, with performances occasionally given in Chicago locations such as the Harris Theater. The Civic Opera House is home to the Lyric Opera of Chicago. The Chicago Symphony Orchestra, based in Chicago, Illinois, is one of the leading orchestras in the world. ... Symphony Center of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra Symphony Center is a music complex in Chicago, Illinois and is home to the Chicago Symphony Orchestra. ... The Taste of Chicago is held in Grant Park annually around Independence Day. ... Millennium Park is a prominent new civic center of the City of Chicago in Illinois and an important landmark of the citys lakefront. ... Ravinia Park is a private park in Highland Park, Illinois with a variety of outdoor and indoor performing arts facilities, and it is best known as the site of the Ravinia Festival, a series of outdoor concerts and performances held every summer from June to September. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Exterior of the Civic Opera House The Civic Opera House is an opera house located at 20 North Wacker Drive in Chicago. ... Exterior of the Civic Opera House Lyric Opera of Chicago is one of the leading opera companies in the United States. ...


The Joffrey Ballet and Chicago Festival Ballet perform in various venues, including the Harris Theater in Millennium Park. Chicago is home to several other modern and jazz dance troupes, such as the Hubbard Street Dance Chicago. Joffrey ballet school in NYC The Joffrey Ballet is both a school, founded in 1952, and a dance company, founded in 1956. ... Chicago Festival Ballet is a professional ballet company performing a repertoire of classical, romantic and neoclassical works in venues around the United States. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Millennium Park is a prominent new civic center of the City of Chicago in Illinois and an important landmark of the citys lakefront. ... Hubbard Street Dance Chicago (HSDC) was founded in 1977 by dancer and choreographer Lou Conte who served as artistic director until his retirement from HSDC in 2000. ...


Other live music genre which are part of the city's cultural heritage include Chicago blues, Chicago soul, jazz, and gospel. The city is the birthplace of house music and is the site of an influential hip-hop scene. In the 1980s, the city was a center for industrial, punk and new wave. This influence continued into the alternative rock of the 1990s. The city has been an epicenter for rave culture since the 1980s. A flourishing independent rock music culture brought forth Chicago indie. Annual festivals feature various acts such as Lollapalooza, the Intonation Music Festival and Pitchfork Music Festival. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Chicago soul is a form of soul music that arose during the 1960s in Chicago. ... For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ... Gospel music is a musical genre characterized by dominant vocals (often with strong use of harmony) referencing lyrics of a religious nature, particularly Christian. ... House music is a style of electronic dance music that was developed by dance club DJs in Chicago in the early to mid-1980s. ... The hip hop scene in Chicago, Illinois has produced a distinct group of artists and styles. ... Punk rock is an anti-establishment music movement beginning around 1976 (although precursors can be found several years earlier), exemplified and popularised by The Ramones, the Sex Pistols, The Clash and The Damned. ... Alternative music redirects here. ... For other uses, see Rave (disambiguation). ... In popular music, independent music, often abbreviated as indie, is a term used to describe genres, scenes, subcultures, styles and other cultural attributes in music, characterized by their independence from major commercial record labels and their autonomous, do-it-yourself approach to recording and publishing. ... Lollapalooza is an American music festival featuring rock, alternative rock, hip hop, and punk rock bands, dance and comedy performances, and craft booths. ... The Intonation Music Festival was a music festival held on July 16 - July 17, 2005 at the Union Park in Chicago, Illinois. ... Pitchfork Media, usually known simply as Pitchfork, is a United States-based daily Internet publication devoted to music criticism and commentary, music news, and artist interviews. ...


Many notable celebrities and entertainment figures are associated with Chicago. (For listing see List of people from Chicago). This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Tourism

Chicago attracted a combined 44.17 million people in 2006 from around the nation and abroad.[22] Upscale shopping along the Magnificent Mile, thousands of restaurants, as well as Chicago's eminent architecture, continue to draw tourists. The city is the United States' third-largest convention destination.[23] Most conventions are held at McCormick Place, just south of Soldier Field. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1800x1200, 1750 KB) Summary A view of Navy Pier from the shoreline in Chicago. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1800x1200, 1750 KB) Summary A view of Navy Pier from the shoreline in Chicago. ... The Navy Pier seen from the John Hancock Center Navy Pier is a 3,000 foot long pier on the Chicago shoreline of Lake Michigan. ... Magnificent Mile looking south View north from the foot of the Magnificent Mile The Magnificent Mile is the portion of Michigan Avenue in Chicago, Illinois extending from the Chicago River to Oak Street in Near North Side community area. ... McCormick Place is an enormous exposition complex located in Chicago, Illinois. ... Soldier Field (formerly Municipal Grant Park Stadium) is located on Lake Shore Drive in Chicago, Illinois, and is currently home to the NFLs Chicago Bears. ...


Navy Pier, 3,000 feet (900 m) long, houses retail, restaurants, museums, exhibition halls, and auditoriums. Its 150-foot (46 m) tall Ferris wheel is north of Grant Park on the lakefront and is one of the most visited landmarks in the Midwest, attracting about 8 million people annually.[24] The Navy Pier seen from the John Hancock Center Navy Pier is a 3,000 foot long pier on the Chicago shoreline of Lake Michigan. ... A Ferris wheel on the boardwalk in Ocean City, New Jersey, USA. A Ferris wheel (or, more commonly in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland [UK], big wheel) is a nonbuilding structure consisting of an upright wheel with passenger gondolas suspended from the rim. ... The Taste of Chicago is held in Grant Park annually around Independence Day. ...

The historic Chicago Cultural Center (1897), originally serving as the Chicago Public Library, now houses the city's Visitor Information Center, galleries, and exhibit halls. The ceiling of Preston Bradley Hall includes a 38-foot (11 m) Tiffany glass dome. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1944x2592, 1127 KB) I had this photo taken in Chicago. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1944x2592, 1127 KB) I had this photo taken in Chicago. ... Crown Fountain is an interactive public fountain in Millennium Park in the Loop community area of Chicago, Illinois in the United States by Jaume Plensa that opened in July 2004. ... Chicago Cultural Center Healy and Millet stained glass dome at the Chicago Cultural Center Grand Staircase and Preston Bradley Hall, with view of the Tiffany dome The Chicago Cultural Center in the City of Chicago is the landmark building that houses the citys official reception venue where the Mayor... Louis Comfort Tiffany (1848-1933) circa 1908 Louis Comfort Tiffany (February 18, 1848 – January 17, 1933) was an American artist and designer who worked in the decorative arts and is best known for his work in stained glass and is the American artist most associated with the Art Nouveau and...


Millennium Park, initially slated to be unveiled at the turn of the 21st century, and delayed for several years, sits on a deck built over a portion of the former Illinois Central rail yard. The park includes the reflective Cloud Gate sculpture (known locally as "The Bean"). A Millennium Park restaurant outdoor transforms into an ice rink in the winter. Two tall glass sculptures make up the Crown Fountain. The fountain's two towers display visual effects from LED images of Chicagoans' faces, with water spouting from their lips. Frank Gehry's detailed stainless steel band shell, Pritzker Pavilion, hosts the classical Grant Park Music Festival concert series. Behind the pavilion's stage is the Harris Theater for Music and Dance, an indoor venue for mid-sized performing arts companies, including Chicago Opera Theater and Music of the Baroque. Millennium Park is a prominent new civic center of the City of Chicago in Illinois and an important landmark of the citys lakefront. ... Cloud Gate, Millennium Park, Chicago, 2004 Cloud Gate is a public sculpture by Anish Kapoor in Millennium Park, Chicago. ... Rockefeller Centre ice rink An ice rink is a frozen body of water where people can ice skate or play winter sports. ... Crown Fountain is an interactive public fountain in Millennium Park in the Loop community area of Chicago, Illinois in the United States by Jaume Plensa that opened in July 2004. ... Frank Owen Gehry, CC (born Ephraim Owen Goldberg, February 28, 1929) is a Pritzker Prize winning architect based in Los Angeles, California. ... Millennium Park is a prominent new civic center of the City of Chicago in Illinois and an important landmark of the citys lakefront. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


In 1998, the city officially opened the Museum Campus, a 10-acre (4-ha) lakefront park surrounding three of the city's main museums: the Adler Planetarium, the Field Museum of Natural History, and the Shedd Aquarium. The Museum Campus joins the southern section of Grant Park which includes the renowned Art Institute of Chicago. Buckingham Fountain anchors the downtown park along the lakefront. During the summer of 2007, Grant Park hosts the public art exhibit, Cool Globes: Hot Ideas for a Cooler Planet. Museum Campus Chicago is a 10 acre (40,000 m²) lakefront park in Chicago that surrounds the Adler Planetarium, the Shedd Aquarium and the Field Museum of Natural History. ... An acre is the name of a unit of area in a number of different systems, including Imperial units and United States customary units. ... A hectare (symbol ha) is a unit of area, equal to 10 000 square metres, commonly used for measuring land area. ... Adler Planetarium The Adler Planetarium and Astronomy Museum in downtown Chicago, Illinois was the first planetarium in the United States and is the oldest in existence today. ... Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago The Field Museum of Natural History, in Chicago, Illinois, USA, sits on Lake Shore Drive next to Lake Michigan, part of a scenic complex known as Museum Campus Chicago. ... John G. Shedd Aquarium is an indoor aquarium in Chicago, Illinois in the United States. ... The Taste of Chicago is held in Grant Park annually around Independence Day. ... The Art Institute of Chicago is a fine art museum located in Chicago, Illinois. ... Buckingham Fountain sends a massive stream of water into the air during one of its shows. ...

The Oriental Institute, part of the University of Chicago, has an extensive collection of ancient Egyptian and Near Eastern archaeological artifacts. Other museums and galleries in Chicago are the Chicago History Museum, DuSable Museum of African-American History, Museum of Contemporary Art, the Peggy Notebaert Nature Museum, and the Polish Museum of America. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 375 pixelsFull resolution (4080 × 1913 pixel, file size: 840 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Juan Fernando Ibarra File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 375 pixelsFull resolution (4080 × 1913 pixel, file size: 840 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Juan Fernando Ibarra File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago The Field Museum of Natural History, in Chicago, Illinois, USA, sits on Lake Shore Drive next to Lake Michigan, part of a scenic complex known as Museum Campus Chicago. ... The Art-Deco doors of the Oriental Institute, sculpture by Ulric Ellerhusen Head of a bull that once guarded the entrance to the Hundred-Column Hall in Persepolis The Oriental Institute (OI), established in 1919, is the University of Chicagos archeology museum and research center for ancient Near Eastern... For other uses, see University of Chicago (disambiguation). ... Khafres Pyramid and the Great Sphinx of Giza, built about 2550 BC during the Fourth Dynasty of the Old Kingdom,[1] are enduring symbols of the civilization of ancient Egypt Ancient Egypt was a civilization in Northeastern Africa concentrated along the middle to lower reaches of the Nile River... Inhabitants of the Near East, late nineteenth century. ... The Chicago History Museum (formerly known as the Chicago Historical Society) is a privately funded, independent institution devoted to collecting, interpreting, and presenting the rich multicultural history of Chicago. ... The DuSable Museum of African American History is the first and oldest museum dedicated to the history of African-Americans. ... The Museum of Contemporary Art is a contemporary art museum in downtown Chicago. ... The Notebaert Museum as seen from the southwest. ... The Polish Museum of America is located in West Town, in what had been the historical Polish Downtown neighborhood of Chicago. ...


Numerous Forest Preserves scattered around the Chicago area, along with the Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore in neighboring Northwest Indiana, provide additional recreational opportunities. Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore, a U.S. national lakeshore authorized by Congress in 1966, is located in Northwest Indiana. ... Northwest Indiana, also known as The Calumet Region, or just The Region, is comprised of Lake, Porter, LaPorte, Newton, and Jasper counties in Indiana. ...


Cuisine

See also: Chicago farmers' markets, Chicago Dining, and Food Manufacturers of Chicago
Polish market in Chicago.

Chicago can lay claim to a number of regional specialties, all of which reflect the city's ethnic and working class roots. Included among these are its nationally renowned deep-dish pizza, although locally the Chicago thin crust is also equally popular; the Chicago-style hot dog, typically a Vienna Beef dog loaded with an array of fixings that often includes Chicago's own neon green pickle relish, yellow mustard, pickled sport peppers, tomato wedges, dill pickle spear and topped off with celery salt (ketchup on a Chicago hot dog is typically frowned upon).[25] There are two other distinctly Chicago sandwiches that can be found at eateries throughout the area: The Italian beef sandwich, which is thinly sliced beef slowly simmered in an au jus served on an Italian roll with sweet peppers or spicy giardiniera; and the Maxwell Street Polish, which is a kielbasa — typically from either the Vienna Beef Company or the Bobak Sausage Company — on a hot dog roll, topped with grilled onions, yellow mustard and the optional sport peppers. Chicago also has a long list of world-renowned upscale dining establishments serving a wide array of cuisine from some of the most well-known chefs in the United States. ... Chances are, whether youve live in Chicago or not youve eaten food that in some way has a tie to the city. ... The term working class is used to denote a social class. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... A Chicago-style hot dog meal at the Bunny Hutch in Lincolnwood, IL Superdawg Chicago, IL A Chicago-style hot dog– as served in the U.S. city of Chicago, Illinois and its surrounding suburbs– is a steamed or boiled all-beef, natural-casing hot dog on a poppy seed... Vienna Beef is a manufacturer of the classic Chicago hot dog, as well as Polish sausage and Italian beef, delicacies of independent Chicago-style hot dog and beef stands. ... For other uses, see Chili. ... Italian Beef, as served by Portillos in Chicago, Illinois. ... Au jus is French for with broth (literally with juice). In American cuisine, the term is most to refer to a taste-enhancing sauce for beef recipies, which may be used either as a part of the product or placed on the side for dipping. ... Giardiniera is a condiment consisting of Serrano peppers, hot peppers, bell peppers, crushed red peppers, celery, carrots, cauliflower and green olives in vegetable oil. ... The prices A sign of the establishment The grill Enjoying a fish sandwich A Maxwell Street Polish consists of a grilled or deep-fried Polish sausage topped with grilled onions and mustard on a bun. ... Various brands of kielbasa KieÅ‚basa is a Polish word for traditional Polish sausage. ...


Chicago's standing in the culinary world is not limited to 'street food', however. Featuring a number of celebrity chefs — a list which includes Charlie Trotter, Rick Tramonto, Jean Joho, Grant Achatz, and Rick Bayless, Chicago has in recent decades developed into one of the world's premiere restaurant cities. Plating a course in Charlie Trotters kitchen Charlie Trotter is a Chicago chef and restaurant owner. ... Rick Tramonto is a Chicago chef and cookbook author. ... Jean Joho is a renowned chef and restaurateur. ... Grant Achatz (born 1974) is an American chef and restaurateur who is considered to be on the cutting edge of the forward-thinking movement of menu item construction often referred to as molecular gastronomy or progressive cuisine. ... Rick Bayless Rick Bayless is a chef who specializes in traditional Mexican food with modern interpretations. ...


The grand tour of Chicago cuisine culminates annually in Grant Park at the Taste of Chicago, a festival that runs from the final week of June through Fourth of July weekend. 'The Taste', as it is abbreviated by locals, showcases Chicago's ethnic dining diversity as well as all the locally favorite stalwarts (see above). Booths representing myriad local eateries form the centerpiece of the city's largest festival, which draws millions each summer to sample the cuisine, while enjoying free concerts and fireworks. The Taste of Chicago is held in Grant Park annually around Independence Day. ... The Taste of Chicago is among the most popular annual public festivities in the city. ... Fourth of July redirects here. ...


Sports

Main article: Sports in Chicago
Soldier Field.

Chicago was named the Best Sports City in the United States by The Sporting News in 2006.[26] Chicago is the home to 15 professional sports teams. ... Presented here is a photo of Soldier Field, Chicago, Illinois, and the home of the Chicago Bears. ... Presented here is a photo of Soldier Field, Chicago, Illinois, and the home of the Chicago Bears. ...


The city is home to two Major League Baseball teams: the Chicago Cubs of the National League play on the city's North Side, in Wrigley Field, while the Chicago White Sox of the American League play in U.S. Cellular Field on the city's South Side. The Chicago Bears, one of two charter members of the NFL, have won nine NFL Championships. The Bears play their home games at Soldier Field on Chicago's lakefront. Major Leagues redirects here. ... Major league affiliations National League (1876–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 10, 14, 23, 26, 42 Name Chicago Cubs (1902–present) Chicago Orphans (1898-1901) Chicago Colts (1890-1897) Chicago White Stockings (1870-1871, 1874-1889) (a. ... For other uses, see National League (disambiguation). ... For the former ballpark in Los Angeles, see Wrigley Field (Los Angeles). ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 2, 3, 4, 9, 11, 16, 19, 42, 72 Name Chicago White Sox (1904–present) Other nicknames The Sox, The South Siders, The ChiSox, The Pale Hose, The Good Guys, The Go-Go Sox, The... The American League (or formally the American League of Professional Baseball Clubs) is one of two leagues that make up Major League Baseball in the United States of America and Canada. ... U.S. Cellular Field a. ... City Chicago, Illinois Other nicknames Da Bears, The Monsters of the Midway Team colors Navy Blue and Orange Head Coach Lovie Smith Owner Virginia Halas McCaskey Chairman Michael McCaskey General manager Jerry Angelo Fight song Bear Down, Chicago Bears Mascot Staley Da Bear League/Conference affiliations Independent (1919) National Football... NFL redirects here. ... This is a list of National Football League champions prior to the 1970 AFL-NFL Merger, that is, all the franchises that have won the championship of the National Football League. ... Soldier Field (formerly Municipal Grant Park Stadium) is located on Lake Shore Drive in Chicago, Illinois, and is currently home to the NFLs Chicago Bears. ...


Due in large part to Michael Jordan, the Chicago Bulls of the NBA are one of the most recognized basketball teams in the world. With Jordan leading them, the Bulls took six NBA championships in eight seasons during the 1990s. The Chicago Blackhawks of the NHL, who began play in 1926 have won three Stanley Cups. Both the Bulls and Blackhawks play at the United Center on the Near West Side. The Chicago Sky of the WNBA, began play in 2006. The Sky's home arena is the UIC Pavilion. For other persons named Michael Jordan, see Michael Jordan (disambiguation). ... The Chicago Bulls are a professional basketball team based in Chicago, Illinois. ... NBA redirects here. ... This article is about the sport. ... The Chicago Blackhawks are a professional mens ice hockey team based in Chicago, Illinois. ... NHL redirects here. ... The Stanley Cup The Stanley Cup (French: ) is the championship trophy of the National Hockey League (NHL), the major professional ice hockey league in Canada and the United States. ... The United Center is an indoor sports arena located in the Near West Side community area of Chicago, Illinois, named after its corporate sponsor, United Airlines. ... The Chicago Sky are a current Womens National Basketball Association (WNBA) team based in Chicago, Illinois. ... The Womens National Basketball Association (WNBA) is an organization governing a professional basketball league for women in the United States. ... UIC Pavilion is a 8,000-seat multi-purpose arena, located at 1150 W Harrison St in Chicago, Illinois. ...


The Chicago Fire soccer club are members of the MLS. The Fire have won one league and four US Open Cups since their inaugural season in 1998. In 2006, the club moved to its current home, Toyota Park, in suburban Bridgeview after playing its first eight seasons downtown at Soldier Field and at Cardinal Stadium in Naperville. The club is now the third professional soccer team to call Chicago home, the first two being the Chicago Sting of the NASL (and later the indoor team of the MISL); and the Chicago Power of the NPSL-AISA. Year founded 1997 League Major League Soccer Nickname La Maquina Roja, Men in Red, CF97 Stadium Toyota Park Bridgeview, IL Coach Juan Carlos Osorio[1] Owner Andell Holdings First Game Miami Fusion 0–2 Chicago Fire (Lockhart Stadium; March 21, 1998) Largest Win Kansas City Wizards 0–7 Chicago Fire... Soccer redirects here. ... Major League Soccer (MLS) is a professional soccer league sanctioned by FIFA as the top flight of the American Soccer Pyramid. ... The Lamar Hunt U.S. Open Cup is an American soccer competition open to all United States Soccer Federation(USSF) affiliated teams, from amateur adult club teams all the way up to the top professional clubs of Major League Soccer. ... Toyota Park is the home stadium for the Chicago Fire Soccer Club, members of Major League Soccer. ... Bridgeview is a village located in Cook County, Illinois. ... Benedetti-Wehrli Stadium is a stadium in Naperville, Illinois. ... Naperville is a city in DuPage and Will counties in Illinois in the United States, voted the second best place to live in the United States by Money Magazine in 2006. ... The Chicago Sting (1975-1988) were a United States professional soccer team based in Chicago, Illinois. ... North American Soccer League or (NASL) was a professional soccer league with teams in the United States and Canada that operated from 1968 to 1984. ... The Major Indoor Soccer League is the top professional indoor soccer league in the USA. The league is a member of both the United States Soccer Federation and FIFA. The MISL replaced the NPSL which folded in 2001. ... The Chicago Power were an indoor soccer club based in Chicago, Illinois that competed in the National Professional Soccer League. ... The National Professional Soccer League was a professional indoor soccer league in the USA. It started out as the American Indoor Soccer Association in 1984 but changed its name to the National Professional Soccer League in 1990. ...


The Chicago Marathon has been held every October since 1977. This event is one of five World Marathon Majors.[27] The LaSalle Bank Chicago Marathon, held in Chicago, is one of the largest marathon road races in the world, as well as one of the fastest growing. ... The World Marathon Majors is a championship style competition that will start in 2006 including the New York City, Boston, Chicago, London and Berlin marathons. ...


Chicago was selected on April 14, 2007 to represent the United States internationally in the bidding for the 2016 Summer Olympics.[28][29] Chicago also hosted the 1959 Pan American Games, and Gay Games VII in 2006. Chicago was selected to host the 1904 Olympics, but they were transferred to St. Louis to coincide with the World's Fair.[30] is the 104th day of the year (105th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... The Chicago 2016 Olympic bid is yet another attempt by the United States — with the support of other cities, townships and villages in the state of Illinois — to be chosen by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) as the host city for the 2016 Summer Olympics. ... The 2016 Summer Olympics, officially the Games of the XXXI Olympiad, is a major international sports and cultural festival to be celebrated in the tradition of the Olympic Games as governed by the International Olympic Committee. ... The 3rd Pan American Games opened on 27 August in sunny 90 degree heat before 40,000 people in Chicago, Illinois, USA at Soldier Field. ... Gay Games VII, colloquially called the Chicago Gaymes, is part of a family of international sports and cultural festivals called Gay Games, sanctioned by the Federation of Gay Games and organized by the gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender community of the host city of Chicago, Illinois in the United States. ... Nickname: Location in the state of Missouri Coordinates: , Country State County Independent City Government  - Mayor Francis G. Slay (D) Area  - City  66. ...


Chicago is also the starting point for the Chicago Yacht Club Race to Mackinac, a 330-mile offshore sailboat race held each July that is the longest annual freshwater sailboat race in the world. 2008 marks the 100th running of the "Mac."


Media

Harpo Studios, home of talk show host Oprah Winfrey.
Main article: Media in Chicago

Chicago is the third-largest media market in North America (after New York City and Los Angeles).[31] Each of the big four (CBS, ABC, NBC, and FOX) United States television networks directly owns and operates a station in Chicago. WGN-TV, which is owned by the Tribune Company, is carried (with some programming differences) as "Superstation WGN" on cable nationwide. The city is also the home of The Oprah Winfrey Show and Jerry Springer, while Chicago Public Radio produces programs such as PRI's This American Life and NPR's Wait Wait... Don't Tell Me!. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (972x729, 142 KB) Description: American television talk show host, Oprah Winfreys] production studios, Harpo Studios main sign. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (972x729, 142 KB) Description: American television talk show host, Oprah Winfreys] production studios, Harpo Studios main sign. ... Oprah Winfrey, (born January 29, 1954) is a multiple-Emmy Award winning host of The Oprah Winfrey Show, the highest rated talk show in television history. ... Harpo Studios, home of talk show host Oprah Winfrey Chicago, Illinois, commands the third-largest media market in the United States. ... North American redirects here. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ... // In the United States, for most of the history of broadcasting, there were only three major national broadcasting networks. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... The Tribune Company (NYSE: TRB) is a large American multimedia corporation based in Chicago, Illinois. ... Superstation WGN is a Chicago-based American superstation, owned by Tribune Broadcasting Company. ... Coaxial cable is often used to transmit cable television into the house. ... The Oprah Winfrey Show (also known as Oprah) is a United States syndicated talk show, hosted and produced by its namesake Oprah Winfrey, and is the highest-rated talk show in American television history. ... This article is about Jerry Springer himself. ... Chicago Public Radio (CPR) is a noncommercial, public radio station broadcasting from Chicago, Illinois. ... Public Radio International (PRI) is a Minneapolis-based American public radio organization, with locations in Boston, New York, and London. ... This American Life (TAL) is a weekly hour-long radio program produced by Chicago Public Radio. ... NPR redirects here. ... Wait Wait. ...


There are two major daily newspapers published in Chicago: the Chicago Tribune and the Chicago Sun-Times, with the former having the larger circulation. There are also several regional and special-interest newspapers such as the Chicago Reader, the Daily Southtown, the Chicago Defender, the Chicago Sports Weekly, the Daily Herald, StreetWise, and the Windy City Times. // The Chicago Tribune is a major daily newspaper based in Chicago, Illinois and owned by the Tribune Company. ... The Chicago Sun-Times is an American daily newspaper published in Chicago. ... The Chicago Reader is an alternative newsweekly in Chicago, Illinois, USA. It was founded in 1971[2] by a group of friends who attended Carleton College. ... The Daily Southtown is a Chicago, Illinois newspaper that targets itself to the South Side neighborhoods of the city and a wide region of the south suburbs; its slogan is People Up North just dont get it (a pun). ... The Chicago Defender announces President Harry S. Trumans order in 1948 desegregating the United States Armed Forces. ... The creator of or main contributor to this page may have a conflict of interest with the subject of this article. ... January 22, 2007 front page of the The Daily Herald is a daily newspaper printed in Arlington Heights, Illinois; a suburb of Chicago. ... Streetwise has a number of different meanings: Streetwise was a small hatchback made by the MG Rover Group, called the Rover Streetwise, Wisdom in a particular subject. ... The Windy City Times is the premier newspaper for the LGBT community in the City of Chicago and Greater Chicagoland in Illinois. ...

See also: Chicago Improv Festival and Chicago International Film Festival

The Chicago Improv Festival is a non-profit comedy festival held annually in Chicago in late April and early May. ... The Chicago International Film Festival is an annual film festival that is presented by Cinema/Chicago. ...

Economy

Main article: Economy of Chicago

Chicago has the third largest gross metropolitan product in the nation — approximately $442 billion according to 2007 estimates.[32] The city has also been rated as having the most balanced economy in the United States, due to its high level of diversification.[33] Chicago was named the fourth most important business center in the world in the MasterCard Worldwide Centers of Commerce Index.[34] Additionally, the Chicago metropolitan area recorded the greatest number of new or expanded corporate facilities in the United States for six of the past seven years.[35] In 2006, Chicago placed 10th on the UBS list of the world's richest cities.[36] Chicago, Illinois was incorporated in 1833. ... Image File history File links Cbot-close-night. ... Image File history File links Cbot-close-night. ... The Chicago Board of Trade Building houses the Chicago Board of Trade, the worlds largest futures and options exchange. ... A metropolitan areas gross domestic product, or GMP, is one of several measures of the size of its economy. ... USD redirects here. ... UBS AG (NYSE: UBS; SWX: UBSN; TYO: 8657) is a diversified global financial services company, with its main headquarters in Basel & Zürich, Switzerland. ...


Chicago is a major financial center with the second largest central business district in the U.S. The city is the headquarters of the Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago (the Seventh District of the Federal Reserve). The city is also home to three major financial and futures exchanges, including the Chicago Stock Exchange, the Chicago Board Options Exchange (CBOE), and the Chicago Mercantile Exchange (the "Merc"), which includes the former Chicago Board of Trade (CBOT). Chicago and the surrounding areas also house many major brokerage firms and insurance companies, such as Allstate and Zurich North America. The city and its surrounding metropolitan area are home to the second largest labor pool in the United States with approximately 4.25 million workers.[37] Chicago has the largest high-technology and information-technology industry employment in the United States.[38] The Loop is what locals call the historical center of downtown Chicago. ... Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, located at the corner of LaSalle and Jackson streets. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... The Chicago Stock Exchange, located in Chicago, Illinois, is the third most active stock exchange in the United States by volume. ... The Chicago Board Options Exchange (CBOE), located at 400 South LaSalle Street in Chicago, is one of the worlds largest options exchanges with an annual trade of over 450 million options contracts, covering more than 1200 companies, 50 stock indexes, and 50 exchange-traded funds (ETFs). ... President George W. Bush at the CME (March 6, 2001). ... The Chicago Board of Trade (CBOT) NYSE: BOT, established in 1848, is the worlds oldest futures and options exchange. ... The Allstate Corporation NYSE: ALL is the largest publicly held personal lines insurer in the United States. ...


Manufacturing, printing, publishing, and food processing also play major roles in the city's economy. Several medical products and services companies are headquartered in the Chicago area, including Baxter International, Abbott Laboratories, and the Healthcare Financial Services division of General Electric. Moreover, the construction of the Illinois and Michigan Canal, which helped move goods from the Great Lakes south on the Mississippi River, and of the railroads in the 19th century made the city a major transportation center in the United States. In the 1840s, Chicago became a major grain port, and in the 1850s and 1860s Chicago's pork and beef industry expanded. As the major meat companies grew in Chicago many, such as Armour and Company, created global enterprises. Though the meatpacking industry currently plays a lesser role in the city's economy,[39] Chicago continues to be a major transportation and distribution center. Early in the 20th Century, Chicago was part of the automobile revolution, hosting the brass era car builder Bugmobile, which was founded there in 1907.[40] For other uses, see Print. ... “Publisher” redirects here. ... Baxter International Inc. ... Abbott Laboratories (NYSE: ABT) is a diversified pharmaceuticals and health care company. ... “GE” redirects here. ... The location and course of the Illinois and Michigan Canal. ... The Great Lakes from space The Laurentian Great Lakes are a group of five large lakes in North America on or near the Canada-United States border. ... For the river in Canada, see Mississippi River (Ontario). ... railroads redirects here. ... Grain redirects here. ... Armour and Company was an American slaughterhouse and meatpacking company founded in Chicago, Illinois in 1867 by the Armour brothers led by Philip Danforth Armour (1832–1901). ... Car redirects here. ...


Chicago is also a major convention destination. The city's main convention center is McCormick Place. With its four interconnected buildings, it is the third largest convention center in the world. Chicago also ranks third in the U.S. (behind Las Vegas and Orlando) in number of conventions hosted annually.[41] In addition, Chicago is home to eleven Fortune 500 companies, while the metropolitan area hosts an additional 21 Fortune 500 companies.[42] The state of Illinois is home to 66 Fortune 1000 companies.[43] Chicago also hosts 12 Fortune Global 500 companies and 17 Financial Times 500 companies. The city claims one Dow 30 company as well as aerospace giant Boeing, which moved its headquarters from Seattle to the Chicago Loop in 2001. McCormick Place is an enormous exposition complex located in Chicago, Illinois. ... For further information, see Las Vegas metropolitan area and Las Vegas Strip. ... Nickname: Location in Orange County and the state of Florida Coordinates: , Country State County Government  - Mayor Buddy Dyer (D) Area  - City 261. ... The Fortune 500 is a ranking of the top 500 United States corporations as measured by gross revenue. ... Fortune 1000 is a reference to a list maintained by the American business magazine Fortune. ... Linear graph of the DJIA from 1901 until today Logarithmic graph of the DJIA from 1901 until today The Dow Jones Industrial Average (NYSE: DJI, also called the DJIA, Dow 30, or informally the Dow Jones or The Dow) is one of several stock market indices created by nineteenth-century... Look up aerospace in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Boeing Company (NYSE: BA, TYO: 7661) is a major aerospace and defense corporation, originally founded by William Edward Boeing. ... Seattle redirects here. ... The Loop is what locals call the historical center of downtown Chicago. ...


Demographics

City of Chicago
Population by year[44]
Census
year
Population Rank
1840 4,470 92
1850 29,963 24
1860 112,172 9
1870 298,977 5
1880 503,185 4
1890 1,099,850 2
1900 1,698,575 2
1910 2,185,283 2
1920 2,701,705 2
1930 3,376,438 2
1940 3,396,808 2
1950 3,620,962 2
1960 3,550,404 2
1970 3,366,957 2
1980 3,005,072 2
1990 2,783,726 3
2000 2,896,016 3
2003 2,869,121 3
2006 2,833,321 3

A 2006 estimate puts the city's population at 2,833,321.[45] As of the 2000 census, there were 2,896,016 people, 1,061,928 households, and 632,909 families residing within Chicago. More than half the population of the state of Illinois lives in the Chicago metropolitan area. The population density of the city itself was 12,750.3 people per square mile (4,923.0/km²). There were 1,152,868 housing units at an average density of 5,075.8 per square mile (1,959.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 42.0% White (31.3% White/non-Hispanic),[46] 36.8% Black, 26.0% Hispanic or Latino (of any race), 4.3% Asian and Pacific Islander, 2.9% from two or more races, 0.4% Native American, and 13.6% from other races.[47] With over 12,700 people per square mile, Chicago is one of the nation's most densely populated cities. People living in the Chicago area are called Chicagoans. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... This article is about the color. ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... Hispanic Americans (Spanish: Hispano Americano) are Americans of Hispanic ethnicity who largely identify with the Hispanic cultural heritage. ... For other uses see Latino Latino as a demonym is variously defined in English language dictionaries as:[1][2][3] a person of Latin-American or Spanish-speaking descent a Latin American A person of Hispanic, especially Latin-American, descent, often one living in the United States Latin inhabitant of... An Asian American is a person of Asian ancestry or origin who was born in or is an immigrant to the United States. ... // Demographics in 2000 US Census Pacific Islander Americans represent the smallest group counted on the 2000 US Census. ... This article is about the people indigenous to the United States. ...


Of the 1,061,928 households, 28.9% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.1% were married couples living together, 18.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.4% were non-families. Of all households, 32.6% are made up of individuals and 8.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.50. Matrimony redirects here. ...


Of the city population, 26.2% are under the age of 18, 11.2% are from 18 to 24, 33.4% are from 25 to 44, 18.9% are from 45 to 64, and 10.3% are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 32 years. For every 100 females there were 94.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.1 males. This article is about the statistical concept. ...


The median income for a household in the city was $38,625, and the median income for a family was $46,748. Males had a median income of $35,907 versus $30,536 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,175. Below the poverty line are 19.6% of the population and 16.6% of the families. Of the total population, 28.1% of those under the age of 18 and 15.5% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... The poverty threshold, or poverty line, is the minimum level of income deemed necessary to achieve an adequate standard of living. ...


Chicago's largest ethnic community are of German origin. When the Great Plains opened up for settlement in the 1830s and '40s, many German immigrants stopped in Chicago to earn some money before moving on to claim a homestead. Those with skills in demand in the city could — and often did — stay. From 1850, when Germans constituted one-sixth of Chicago's population, until the turn of the century, people of German descent constituted the largest ethnic group in the city, followed by Irish, Poles, and Swedes. In 1900, 470,000 Chicagoans — one out of every four residents — had either been born in Germany or had a parent born there. By 1920 their numbers had dropped because of reduced emigration from Germany but also because it had become unpopular to acknowledge a German heritage, although 22 percent of Chicago's population still did so.[48] German Americans are citizens of the United States of German ancestry. ...


Chicago also has a large Irish American population on its South Side. Many of the city’s politicians have come from this population, including current mayor Richard M. Daley. Historically, and to this day, there has been particularly substantial Irish American presence in Chicago's Fire and Police Departments. Irish population density in the United States, 1872. ... Richard Michael Daley (born April 24, 1942) is a United States politician, member of the national and local Democratic Party and current mayor of Chicago, Illinois. ... Irish population density in the United States, 1872. ...


Chicago has one of the largest concentrations of Italian Americans in the US, with more than 500,000 living in the metropolitan area.[49] Chicago has the third largest Italian American population in the United States, behind only New York and Philadelphia. Chicago's Italian community has historically been based along the Taylor Street and Grand Avenue corridors on the West Side of the city, there are significant Italian populations scattered throughout the city and surrounding suburbs. While the best-known Chicagoan of Italian descent is probably still Al Capone, Italian Americans have contributed tremendously in many ways to Chicago's cultural, political, civic and economic scene. An Italian-American is an American of Italian descent either born in America or someone who has immigrated. ... Grand Avenue is a major east-west arterial surface street in the city of Chicago and nearby DuPage County, although it deviates somewhat from Chicagos grid system, as it is diagonal west of Western Avenue. ... “Capone” redirects here. ...


Other prevalent European ethnic groups include the Poles, Germans and Czechs. There is a large African American population located mostly on Chicago’s South and West Sides. The Chicago metropolitan area has the second largest African American population, behind only New York City.[50] Chicago has the largest population of Swedish Americans of any city in the U.S. with approximately 123,000. After the Great Chicago Fire, many Swedish carpenters helped to rebuild the city, which led to the saying "the Swedes built Chicago."[51] Swedish influence is particularly evident in Andersonville on the far north side. The European peoples are the various nations and ethnic groups of Europe. ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Swedish Americans are U.S. Americans with Swedish heritage, most often related to the large groups of immigrants from Sweden in the late nineteenth century and early twentieth century. ... Artists rendering of the fire, by John R Chapin, originally printed in Harpers Weekly; the view faces northeast across the Randolph Street Bridge. ... The Saint Ita Catholic Church bell tower has long been used by community residents and businesses as the symbol of Edgewater on signage and other media. ...


Poles in Chicago make up the largest ethnically Polish population outside of Warsaw, Poland making it one of the most important centers of Polonia, a fact that the city celebrates every Labor Day weekend at the Taste of Polonia Festival in Jefferson Park.[52] The Southwest Side is home to the largest concentration of Gorals (Carpathian highlanders) outside of Europe. The southwest side is also the location of the Polish Highlanders Alliance of North America. Poles in Chicago are people living in Chicago, Illinois, in the United States who have citizenship or ancestral connections to the country of Poland. ... For other uses, see Polonia (disambiguation). ... This article is about the holiday in the United States. ... The Taste of Polonia is a Chicago neighborhood festival held at the Copernicus Cultural and Civic Center in the Jefferson Park community area of Chicago in Cook County, Illinois, United States every Labor Day weekend since 1979. ... Jefferson Park located on the northwest side of Chicago, USA, is one of 77 officially designated Chicago community areas. ... The Victory Monument in the Black Metropolis-Bronzeville District is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. ... The Gorals (Polish: Górale; Slovak: Gorali; literally highlanders) are an ethnic group found along southern Poland, northern Slovakia, and in the region of Teschen Silesia in the Czech Republic, illustrating the conundrum of national identity. ... Satellite image of the Carpathians. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... The seat of the Polish Highlanders Alliance of North America along Archer avenue just northwest of its intersection with Pulaski The Polish Highlanders Alliance of America (pl. ...


The city has a large population of Bulgarians (about 150,000), Lithuanians,[53] the second largest Serbian,[54] and the third largest Greek population of any city in the world.[55][56] Chicago has a large Romanian American community with more than 100,000,[57] as well as a large Assyrian population with about 80,000. The city is the seat of the head of the Assyrian Church of the East, Mar Dinkha IV, the Evangelical Covenant Church,[58] and the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America headquarters.[59] Languages Serbian Religions Predominantly Serbian Orthodox Christian Related ethnic groups Other Slavic peoples, especially South Slavs See Cognate peoples below (* many Serbs opted for Yugoslav ethnicity) [27] Serbs (Serbian: Срби or Srbi) are a South Slavic people who live mainly in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and, to a lesser extent, in... A Romanian-American is a citizen of the United States who has significant Romanian heritage. ... Language(s) Aramaic Religion(s) Syriac Christianity Related ethnic groups Other Semitic peoples, and other ethnic groups from the Fertile Crescent. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      The Assyrian Church of the East... Mar Dinkha IV Mar Khanania Dinkha IV, was born on September 15, 1935, in the province of Darbandoki, Assyria. ... The Evangelical Covenant Church (ECC) is an evangelical Christian denomination of more than 750 congregations in the United States and Canada with ministries on five continents of the world. ... The Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) is a mainline Protestant denomination headquartered in Chicago, Illinois. ...


Chicago has the third-largest South Asian population in the United States, especially many Pakistanis who live in the city. The Devon Avenue corridor on the north side is one of the largest South Asian neighborhoods/markets in North America. Chicago has the second-largest Puerto Rican population in the continental United States,[60] after New York City, and the second largest Mexican population in the United States after Los Angeles.[61] There are about 185,000 Arabs in Cook County with another 75,000 in the five surrounding counties. Chicago is the center of the Palestinian and Jordanian immigrant communities in the United States.[62][63] Devon Avenue (IPA pronunciation: ) is a major east-west thoroughfare in the Chicago metropolitan area. ... North American redirects here. ... Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ... For other uses of Palestinian, see Definitions of Palestine and Palestinian. ...


Law and government

A Critical Mass gathering on the Daley Plaza, with Chicago City Hall in the background
See also: List of Chicago city departments and Political history of Chicago

Chicago is the county seat of Cook County. The government of the City of Chicago is divided into executive and legislative branches. The Mayor of Chicago is the chief executive, elected by general election for a term of four years. The mayor appoints commissioners and other officials who oversee the various departments. In addition to the mayor, Chicago's two other citywide elected officials are the clerk and the treasurer. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x768, 506 KB) Summary Critical Mass riders meet in Chicagos Daley Plaza. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x768, 506 KB) Summary Critical Mass riders meet in Chicagos Daley Plaza. ... For other uses of critical mass, see critical mass (disambiguation). ... Chicago City Hall, shortly before construction was completed in 1911. ... Chicago City Hall The government of the City of Chicago is divided into executive and legislative branches. ... This is a List of Chicago city departments Office of the Mayor Chicago Office of Tourism Administrative Hearings Aging Animal Care and Control Aviation Budget & Management Buildings Business & Information Services Cable Communications Chicago Film Office Consumer Services Department Cultural Affairs Department Department of Construction and Permits Environment Ethics (Board of... It has been suggested that the section Politics from the article Law and government of Chicago be merged into this article or section. ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A legislatureis a type of representative deliberative assembly with the power to ratify laws. ... Richard M. Daley is the current mayor of Chicago. ... “Chief executive” redirects here. ...


The City Council is the legislative branch and is made up of 50 aldermen, one elected from each ward in the city. The council enacts local ordinances and approves the city budget. Government priorities and activities are established in a budget ordinance usually adopted each November. The council takes official action through the passage of ordinances and resolutions. Chicago City Hall, adjacent to the Richard J. Daley Center, houses the chambers of the Chicago City Council. ... In the United States wards usually have leaders elected by the party committee members within their boundaries. ...


During much of the last half of the 19th century, Chicago's politics were dominated by a growing Democratic Party organization dominated by ethnic ward-heelers. During the 1880s and 1890s, Chicago had a powerful radical tradition with large and highly organized socialist, anarchist and labor organizations.[64] For much of the 20th century, Chicago has been among the largest and most reliable Democratic strongholds in the United States, with Chicago's Democratic vote totals leading the state of Illinois to be "solid blue" in presidential elections since 1992. The citizens of Chicago have not elected a Republican mayor since 1927, when William Thompson was voted into office. The strength of the party in the city is partly a consequence of Illinois state politics, where the Republicans have come to represent the rural and farm concerns while the Democrats support urban issues such as Chicago's public school funding. Although Chicago includes less than 25% of the state's population, eight of Illinois' nineteen U.S. Representatives have part of the city in their districts. Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic... Religious socialism Key Issues People and organizations Related subjects Socialism refers to a broad array of ideologies and political movements with the goal of a socio-economic system in which property and the distribution of wealth are subject to control by the community. ... Anarchist redirects here. ... Map of results by state of the 2004 U.S. presidential election, representing states won by the Democrats as blue and those won by the Republican Party as red. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Counties, Cities, and Towns Other countries Politics Portal      United States presidential elections determine who serves as president and vice president of the United... GOP redirects here. ... William Hale Thompson campaigns for Mayor in 1917. ... Type Bicameral Speaker of the House of Representatives House Majority Leader Nancy Pelosi, (D) since January 4, 2007 Steny Hoyer, (D) since January 4, 2007 House Minority Leader John Boehner, (R) since January 4, 2007 Members 435 plus 4 Delegates and 1 Resident Commissioner Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party...


Former Chicago Mayor Richard J. Daley's mastery of machine politics preserved the Cook County Democratic Organization long after the demise of similar machines in other large U.S. cities.[65] During much of that time, the city administration found opposition mainly from a liberal "independent" faction of the Democratic Party. The independents finally gained control of city government in 1983 with the election of Harold Washington. Since Washington's death, Chicago has since been under the leadership of Richard M. Daley, the son of Richard J. Daley. Because of the dominance of the Democratic Party in Chicago, the Democratic primary vote held in the spring is generally more significant than the general elections in November. Richard Joseph Daley (May 15, 1902 – December 20, 1976) was the longest-serving mayor of Chicago. ... In this 1899 cartoon from Puck, all of New York City politics revolves around boss Richard Croker A political machine is an unofficial system of a political organization based on patronage, the spoils system, behind-the-scenes control, and longstanding political ties within the structure of a representative democracy. ... Chicago machine redirects here. ... Harold Washington (April 15, 1922 – November 25, 1987) was an American lawyer and politician who became the first African American Mayor of Chicago, serving from 1983 until his death. ... Richard Michael Daley (born April 24, 1942) is a United States politician, member of the national and local Democratic Party and current mayor of Chicago, Illinois. ... For other uses, see Primary. ...


Crime

Main articles: Crime in Chicago and Organized crime in Chicago
Chicago police officers in Marquette Park.

Chicago has experienced a decline in overall crime since the 1990s.[66] Murders in the city peaked first in 1974, with 970 murders when the city's population was over three million people (resulting in a murder rate of around 29 per 100,000), and again in 1992 with 943 murders, resulting in a murder rate of 34 per 100,000.[67] After adopting crime-fighting techniques recommended by Los Angeles and New York City Police Departments in 2004,[68] Chicago recorded 448 homicides, the lowest total since 1965 (15.65 per 100,000.) Chicago's homicide tally remained steady throughout 2005, 2006, and 2007 with 449, 452, and 435 respectively, and the overall crime rate in 2006 continued the downward trend that has taken place since the early 1990s.[69] Crime in Chicago has been tracked by the Chicago Police Departments Bureau of Records since the beginning of the 20th century. ... The following is a timeline of Organized Crime in Chicago. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (900 × 600 pixel, file size: 331 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Chicago police officers File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (900 × 600 pixel, file size: 331 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Chicago police officers File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... LAPD and L.A.P.D. redirect here. ... NYPD redirects here. ... Homicide (Latin homicidium, homo human being + caedere to cut, kill) refers to the act of killing another human being. ...


Education

There are 680 public schools, 394 private schools, 83 colleges, and 88 libraries in Chicago proper.[5]


Public schools

Chicago Public Schools (CPS), is the governing body of a district that contains over 600 public elementary and high schools citywide, including several selective-admission magnet schools. The school district, with an enrollment exceeding 400,000 students (2005 stat.), ranks as third largest in the U.S.[70] CPS is currently overseen by CEO Arne Duncan. Chicago Public Schools, commonly abbreviated as CPS by local residents and politicians, is a school district that controls over 600 public elementary and high schools in Chicago, Illinois. ... School districts are a form of special-purpose district in the United States (amongst some other places) which serves to operate the local public primary and secondary schools. ... “Chief executive” redirects here. ... Arne Duncan is the current Chief Executive Officer of the Chicago Public Schools. ...


Private schools

The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Chicago operates the city's Roman Catholic schools, among which are two Jesuit schools: St. Ignatius College Preparatory School and Loyola Academy. Among the more well-known private schools in Chicago are the Latin School and Francis W. Parker School in the Lincoln Park neighborhood, as well as the University of Chicago Laboratory Schools in Hyde Park and the Ida Crown Jewish Academy in West Rogers Park. Holy Name Cathedral is the motherchurch of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Chicago. ... Catholic Church redirects here. ... Seal of the Society of Jesus. ... For other uses, see Saint Ignatius College (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Loyola Academy (disambiguation). ... The Latin School of Chicago is a small, private elementary, middle and high school in the Gold Coast neighborhood in Chicago. ... Francis W. Parker School is an independent day school serving students from junior kindergarten through grade twelve of high school. ... The University of Chicago Laboratory Schools (also Lab School and abbreviated UCLS; the upper classes are nicknamed U-High) is a private, co-educational day school in Chicago, Illinois. ... The Ida Crown Jewish Academy is an Orthodox Jewish high school in West Rogers Park, Chicago, Illinois overseen by the Associated Talmud Torahs. ... West Ridge or West Rogers Park is a middle to upper middle class neighborhood located on the far north side of Chicago, Illinois. ...


Colleges and universities

The University of Chicago's Midway Plaisance, a long stretch of parkland that bisects the campus

Since the 1890s, Chicago has been a world center in higher education and research. Three universities in or immediately adjoining the city, the University of Chicago, the University of Illinois at Chicago, and Northwestern University, are among the top echelon ("RU/VH") of doctorate-granting research universities according to the Carnegie Classification system. Chicago holds a distinguished place in the history of American education. ... Image File history File links MidwayView1. ... Image File history File links MidwayView1. ... For other uses, see University of Chicago (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see University of Chicago (disambiguation). ... This article is about the University of Illinois at Chicago. ... Northwestern University (NU) is a selective private, nonsectarian, coeducational research university with campuses located in Evanston, Illinois and downtown Chicago, Illinois. ... The Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education is a report classifying all accredited degree_granting colleges and United States. ...


The University of Chicago, one of the world's most distinguished universities, is located in Hyde Park on the city's South Side. The university is associated with 81 Nobel Prize Laureates. The university's School of Business maintains a campus in downtown Chicago. For other uses, see University of Chicago (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Chicago community area. ... The Nobel Prize (Swedish: ) was established in Alfred Nobels will in 1895, and it was first awarded in Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature, and Peace in 1901. ... The University of Chicago Graduate School of Business, also known as Chicago GSB, is one of the world’s leading business schools and the second oldest in the United States. ...


Northwestern University, a private university of national prominence, is located in the adjacent northern suburb of Evanston. Northwestern also maintains a downtown campus, with the Feinberg School of Medicine and School of Law, both being located in the city's Streeterville neighborhood. Northwestern University (NU) is a selective private, nonsectarian, coeducational research university with campuses located in Evanston, Illinois and downtown Chicago, Illinois. ... “Suburbia” redirects here. ... Incorporated City in 1872. ... The Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine is located in Chicago, Illinois, at 330 East Chicago Avenue. ... The Northwestern University School of Law is a private American law school in Chicago, Illinois. ... The Near North Side is the part of Chicago, Illinois just north of the downtown central business district (the Loop). ...


The University of Illinois at Chicago, a nationally ranked public research institution, is the city's largest university.[6] UIC boasts the nation's largest medical school.[7] This article is about the University of Illinois at Chicago. ... The University of Illinois College of Medicine, part of the University of Illinois system, is the largest medical school in the United States, with over 2,600 students and trainees. ...


The Illinois Institute of Technology main campus in Bronzeville has renowned engineering and architecture programs and was host to world-famous modern architect Ludwig Mies van der Rohe for many years, and the IIT Stuart School of Business and Chicago-Kent College of Law are located downtown in the financial district. State Street Village, S.R. Crown Hall, Armour Main Building Illinois Institute of Technology (IIT) is a private Ph. ... Douglas, located on the South Side of Chicago, Illinois is one of 77 well-defined Chicago community areas. ... Ludwig Mies van der Rohe born Maria Ludwig Michael Mies (March 27, 1886 – August 17, 1969) was a German architect. ... Professor Elie Geisler is a distinguished professor of management at the Stuart School of business, Illinois Institute of Technology. ... Chicago-Kent College of Law, the law school of the Illinois Institute of Technology, is nationally recognized for the scholarship and accomplishments of its faculty and student body. ...


Prominent Catholic universities in Chicago include Loyola University and DePaul University. Loyola, which has campuses both on the North Side as well as downtown, and a Medical Center in the west suburban Maywood, is the largest Jesuit university in the country while Depaul is the largest Catholic university in the U.S. A garden sign welcomes residents and visitors to Rogers Park as home of Loyola University Chicago. ... DePaul University[1] is a private institution of higher education and research in Chicago, Illinois, USA. Founded by the Vincentians in 1898, the university takes its name from the 17th century French priest who valued philanthropy, Saint Vincent de Paul. ... Maywood is a village in Cook County, Illinois, United States. ... Seal of the Society of Jesus. ...


The Chicago area has the largest concentration of seminaries and theological schools outside the Vatican. The city is home to the Catholic Theological Union, Chicago Theological Seminary, Lutheran School of Theology at Chicago, McCormick Theological Seminary, Meadville Lombard Theological School, North Park Theological Seminary, and the Divinity School of the University of Chicago, and the Moody Bible Institute. The Catholic Theological Union of Chicago is one of the largest schools of theology in the world and trains men and women for lay and clerical ministry within the Roman Catholic Church. ... Chicago Theological Seminary is an ecumenical seminary of the United Church of Christ. ... Lutheran School of Theology at Chicago On September 4, 1962, Augustana Theological Seminary, Grand View Seminary, Chicago Lutheran Theological Seminary, and Suomi Theological Seminary consolidated to form the Lutheran School of Theology at Chicago (LSTC). ... McCormick Theological Seminary in Chicago educates ministers of the Presbyterian Church USA. After serving as pastoral intern at Edgewater Presbyterian Church, Mamie Broadhurst receives her Master of Divinity degree on May 7, 2005. ... The Meadville Theological School was founded in 1844 in Meadville, Pennsylvania. ... North Park Theological Seminary is a seminary located in the North Park neighborhood of city of Chicago, Illinois. ... For other uses, see University of Chicago (disambiguation). ... Moody Bible Institute (MBI) was founded by evangelist and businessman Dwight Lyman Moody in 1886. ...


State funded universities in Chicago (besides UIC) include Chicago State University and Northeastern Illinois University. The city also has a large community college system known as the City Colleges of Chicago. For the unaffiliated private university also located in Chicago, see the University of Chicago. ... Northeastern Illinois University (NEIU) is a public state university located in the North Park community area of Chicago, Illinois. ... A community college is a type of educational institution. ... The City Colleges of Chicago was formed on September 11th, 1911. ...


Founded on the principles of social justice, Roosevelt University was named in honor of president Franklin D. Roosevelt, two weeks after his death. It houses the Theatre and Music Conservatories under the Chicago College of Performing Arts. Roosevelt University is a four-year, private institute of higher education with full service campuses in Chicagos Loop and northwest suburban Schaumburg. ... Chicago College of Performing Arts is well situated on the top floors of the historic Auditorium Building, designed by world-famous architects Dankmar Adler and Louis Sullivan. ...


Rush Medical College, now part of Rush University, was the first institution of higher learning chartered in Illinois and one of the first medical schools to open west of the Alleghenies. The school received its charter on March 2, 1837, two days before the city of Chicago was incorporated. Rush Medical College (often referred to simply as Rush) is the medical school of Rush University, a private university in Chicago, Illinois. ... Rush University is a private university in Chicago, Illinois. ... is the 61st day of the year (62nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Fine and Performing Arts programs in Chicago may be pursued at numerous accredited institutions, which include The School of the Art Institute of Chicago, The American Academy of Art and Columbia College Chicago. Fine art is a term used to refer to fields traditionally considered to be artistic. ... The performing arts are those forms of art which differ from the plastic arts insofar as the former uses the artists own body, face and presence as a medium, and the latter uses materials such as clay, metal or paint which can be molded or transformed to create some... The School of the Art Institute of Chicago is a fine arts college located in Chicago, Illinois. ... American Academy of Art Downtown Chicago,IL The American Academy of Art has been educating professional artists in both the commercial and fine art fields since 1923. ... Columbia College Chicago is the largest arts and communications college in the United States. ...


The Cooking and Hospitality Institute of Chicago, became affiliated with Le Cordon Bleu of Paris in June 2000. The Cordon Bleu school in Ottawa, Canada Le Cordon Bleu (French for blue ribbon) is an international group of cooking schools teaching French cuisine. ... This article is about the capital of France. ...


Infrastructure

Health systems

The new Prentice Women's Hospital at Northwestern University's Medical Center.

Chicago is home to the Illinois Medical District on the Near West Side. It includes Rush University Medical Center, the University of Illinois Medical Center at Chicago, and John H. Stroger, Jr. Hospital of Cook County, the largest trauma-center in the city. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (761x1024, 394 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Chicago Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (761x1024, 394 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Chicago Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used... Northwestern University (NU) is a selective private, nonsectarian, coeducational research university with campuses located in Evanston, Illinois and downtown Chicago, Illinois. ... The Illinois Medical District (IMD) is a special-use zoning district on the West Side of Chicago. ... Rush Medical College (often referred to simply as Rush) is the medical school of Rush University, a private university in Chicago, Illinois. ... The University of Illinois College of Medicine, part of the University of Illinois system, is the largest medical school in the United States, with over 2,600 students and trainees. ... The John H. Stroger, Jr. ...


The University of Chicago operates the University of Chicago Medical Center, which was ranked the fourteenth best hospital in the country by U.S. News & World Report.[71] It is the only hospital in Illinois ever to be included in the magazine's "Honor Roll" of the best hospitals in the United States.[72] For other uses, see University of Chicago (disambiguation). ... For the town in the Republic of Ireland, see Hospital, County Limerick. ... U.S. News & World Report is a weekly newsmagazine. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Largest metro area Chicago Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (140,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ...


The University of Illinois College of Medicine at UIC is the largest medical school in the United States (1300 students, including those at campuses in Peoria, Rockford and Urbana-Champaign).[73] Chicago is also home to other nationally recognized medical schools including Rush Medical College, the Pritzker School of Medicine of the University of Chicago, and the Feinberg School of Medicine of Northwestern University. In addition, the Chicago Medical School and Loyola University Chicago's Stritch School of Medicine are located in the suburbs of North Chicago and Maywood, respectively. The Midwestern University Chicago College of Osteopathic Medicine is in Downers Grove. The University of Illinois College of Medicine, part of the University of Illinois system, is the largest medical school in the United States, with over 2,600 students and trainees. ... This article is about the University of Illinois at Chicago. ... : See how it plays in Peoria United States Illinois Peoria 46. ... , Nickname: The Forest City Country State County Township Elevation 715 ft (218 m) Coordinates , Area 56. ... A Corner of Main Quad The University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC, U of I, or simply Illinois), is the oldest, largest, and most prestigious campus in the University of Illinois system. ... Rush Medical College (often referred to simply as Rush) is the medical school of Rush University, a private university in Chicago, Illinois. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... For other uses, see University of Chicago (disambiguation). ... The Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine is located in Chicago, Illinois, at 330 East Chicago Avenue. ... Northwestern University (NU) is a selective private, nonsectarian, coeducational research university with campuses located in Evanston, Illinois and downtown Chicago, Illinois. ... The seal of the Chicago Medical School. ... A garden sign welcomes residents and visitors to Rogers Park as home of Loyola University Chicago. ... North Chicago is a city located in Lake County, Illinois. ... Maywood is a village in Cook County, Illinois, United States. ... Midwestern University (MWU) is a non-profit, private, graduate school of medicine with two campuses: Midwestern University Chicago College of Osteopathic Medicine (MWU/CCOM) in Downers Grove, Illinois and Midwestern University Arizona College of Osteopathic Medicine(MWU/AzCOM) in Glendale, Arizona. ... Incorporated Village in 1873. ...


The American Medical Association, American Osteopathic Association, American Dental Association, Academy of General Dentistry, American Dietetic Association, American College of Surgeons, American Society for Clinical Pathology, American College of Healthcare Executives and the American Hospital Association are all based in Chicago. The American Medical Association (AMA) is the largest association of medical doctors in the United States. ... American Osteopathic Association Founded in 1898 in Kirksville, MO, the American Osteopathic Association (AOA) is the representative organization for osteopathic physicians in the United States. ... The American Dental Association (ADA) is an American advocacy group that promotes Oral Health Care and the field of dentistry. ... The Academy of General Dentistry (AGD) is a professional association of more than 35,000 general dentists from the United States and Canada. ... The American Dietetic Association (ADA) is the United States largest organization of food and nutrition professionals, with nearly 65,000 members. ... The American College of Surgeons, located in Chicago, Illinois is a scientific and educational association of surgeons in the United States that was founded in 1913 to improve the quality of care for the surgical patient by setting high standards for surgical education and practice. ... The American Society for Clinical Pathology is a professional association based in Chicago encompassing 140,000 pathologists and laboratory professionals. ... The American College of Healthcare Executives (ACHE) is an international professional association of healthcare executives (high-level hospital administrators, CEOs, COOs, health system officers, etc. ... Founded in 1898, The American Hospital Association (AHA), located in Chicago, Illinois, is the national organization that represents and serves all types of hospitals, health care networks, and their patients and communities. ...


Transportation

CTA Blue Line at Eisenhower Expressway and Ashland Avenue
Main articles: Streets and highways of Chicago, Mass transit in Chicago, Chicago 'L', and List of airports in the Chicago area

Chicago is a major transportation hub in the United States. It is an important component in global distribution, as it is the third largest inter-modal port in the world after Hong Kong and Singapore.[74] Additionally, it is the only city in North America in which six Class I railroads meet.[75] Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1573x1076, 578 KB) Photograph by Serhii Chrucky, Chicago, Illinois, 2003. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1573x1076, 578 KB) Photograph by Serhii Chrucky, Chicago, Illinois, 2003. ... Night view of the tollbooths as you enter Chicago from the Chicago Skyway // Chicagos streets primarily follow the grid system established by the Chicago Board of Aldermen in 1908 and implemented on September 1, 1909. ... This page is about Chicago mass transit. ... The L[1], variously, if perhaps incorrectly, styled L, El, EL, or L, is the rapid transit system that serves Chicago, Illinois in the United States. ... A Class I railroad in the United States, or a Class I railway (also Class I rail carrier) in Canada, is one of the largest freight railroads, as classified based on operating revenue. ...


Chicago is one of the largest hubs of passenger rail service in the nation. Many Amtrak long distance services originate from Union Station. Such services provide connections to New York, Seattle, New Orleans, San Francisco, Los Angeles and Washington, D.C. Amtrak also provides a number of short-haul services throughout Illinois and toward nearby Milwaukee, Indiana and Detroit. The high-speed Acela Express in West Windsor, New Jersey. ... Union Station is a Chicago train station that opened in 1925, replacing an earlier 1881 station, and is now the only intercity rail terminal in Chicago. ... Seattle redirects here. ... NOLA redirects here. ... San Francisco redirects here. ... Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ... For other places with the same name, see Milwaukee (disambiguation). ... Indianapolis redirects here. ... Detroit redirects here. ...


Nine interstate highways run through Chicago and its suburbs. Segments that link to the city center are named after influential politicians, with four of them named after former U.S. Presidents. Traffic reports tend to use the names rather than interstate numbers. Interstate Highways in the 48 contiguous states. ...


The Regional Transportation Authority (RTA) coordinates the operation of the three service boards: CTA, Metra, and Pace. The Chicago Transit Authority (CTA) handles public transportation in Chicago and a few adjacent suburbs. The CTA operates an extensive network of buses and a rapid transit system known locally as the "L" (for "elevated"), with several lines designated by colors, and that also includes service to both Midway Airport and O'Hare Airport. The CTA's heavy rail transit lines consist of the Red, Blue, Green, Orange, Brown, Purple, Pink, and Yellow lines. Both the Red and Blue lines offer 24 hour service which makes Chicago one of the few cities in the world to offer 24 hour rail service. A new Circle Line is also in the planning stages by the CTA. Pace provides bus and paratransit service in over 200 surrounding suburbs with some extensions into the city as well. Bicycles are permitted on all CTA and Metra trains during non-rush hours and on all buses 24 hours. Metra operates commuter rail service in Chicago and its suburbs. The Metra Electric Line shares the railway with the South Shore Line's NICTD Northern Indiana Commuter Rail Service, providing commuter service between South Bend and Chicago. The RTA Logo The Regional Transportation Authority (RTA) is the financial and oversight body for the three transit agencies in northeastern Illinois--the Chicago Transit Authority, Metra, and Pace--which are called Service Boards in the RTA Act. ... Chicago Transit Authority, also known as CTA, is the operator of mass transit within the City of Chicago, Illinois. ... “Mass Transit” redirects here. ... The L[1], variously, if perhaps incorrectly, styled L, El, EL, or L, is the rapid transit system that serves Chicago, Illinois in the United States. ... The Greater-Chicago Area featuring Chicago-Midway and OHare International Airports Chicago Midway International Airport (IATA: MDW, ICAO: KMDW, FAA LID: MDW), also known simply as Midway Airport, is an airport in Chicago, Illinois, United States, located on the citys southwest side, eight miles from Chicagos Loop. ... OHare International Airport (IATA: ORD, ICAO: KORD, FAA LID: ORD) is an airport located in Chicago, Illinois, United States, 17 miles (27 km) northwest of the Chicago Loop. ... The term heavy rail is often used for regular railways, to distinguish from systems such as trams/light rail and metro. ... Pace is the suburban bus division of the Regional Transportation Authority in the Chicago area. ... Paratransit is an alternative mode of flexible passenger transportation that does not follow fixed routes or schedules. ... A Metra Train Metra (Officially known as the Northeast Illinois Regional Commuter Railroad Corporation) is a regional rail that serves the city of Chicago, Illinois, and surrounding cities, many of them Chicago suburbs. ... The Metra Electric Line (ME) is an electrified commuter rail line owned and operated by Metra, connecting Randolph Street Station in downtown Chicago, Illinois with its southern suburbs. ... The South Shore Line is an electrically powered interurban streetcar line operated by the Northern Indiana Commuter Transportation District (NICTD) between Randolph Street Terminal in downtown Chicago, Illinois and the South Bend Regional Airport in South Bend, Indiana. ... South Bend, see South Bend (disambiguation). ...


Chicago offers a wide array of bicycle transportation facilities, such as miles of on-street bike lanes, 10,000 bike racks, and a state-of-the-art central bicycle commuter station in Millennium Park. The city has a 100-mile (160 km) on-street bicycle lane network that is maintained by the Chicago Department of Transportation Bike Program and the Chicagoland Bicycle Federation.[76] In addition, trails dedicated to bikes only are built throughout the city. The Chicagoland Bicycle Federation (CBF) is a non-profit organization dedicated to improving the bicycling environment in Chicagoland. ...

O'Hare International Airport Terminal 1 - Concourse B

Chicago is served by Midway International Airport on the south side and O'Hare International Airport, one of the world's busiest airports, on the far northwest side. In 2005, O'Hare was the world's busiest airport by aircraft movements and the second busiest by total passenger traffic (due to government enforced flight caps).[77] Both O'Hare and Midway are owned and operated by the City of Chicago. Gary/Chicago International Airport, located in nearby Gary, Indiana, serves as the third Chicago area airport. Chicago Rockford International Airport, formerly Greater Rockford Airport, serves as a regional base for United Parcel Service cargo flights, some passenger flights, and occasionally as a reliever to O'Hare, usually in times of bad weather. Chicago is the world headquarters for United Airlines, the world's second-largest airline by revenue-passenger-kilometers while is the second largest hub for American Airlines. Midway airport serves as a 'focus city' for Southwest Airlines, the world's largest low-cost airline. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 347 KB) Summary Robert Werner - 2005 Vancouver, BC http://PelaLusa. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 347 KB) Summary Robert Werner - 2005 Vancouver, BC http://PelaLusa. ... OHare International Airport (IATA: ORD, ICAO: KORD, FAA LID: ORD) is an airport located in Chicago, Illinois, United States, 17 miles (27 km) northwest of the Chicago Loop. ... The Greater-Chicago Area featuring Chicago-Midway and OHare International Airports Chicago Midway International Airport (IATA: MDW, ICAO: KMDW, FAA LID: MDW), also known simply as Midway Airport, is an airport in Chicago, Illinois, United States, located on the citys southwest side, eight miles from Chicagos Loop. ... OHare International Airport (IATA: ORD, ICAO: KORD, FAA LID: ORD) is an airport located in Chicago, Illinois, United States, 17 miles (27 km) northwest of the Chicago Loop. ... FAA diagram of GYY Gary/Chicago International Airport (IATA: GYY, ICAO: KGYY, FAA LID: GYY) is a public airport located three miles (5 km) northwest of the central business district of Gary, a city in Lake County, Indiana, United States. ... This article is about the city. ... United Airlines is a major airline of the United States. ... American Airlines, Inc. ... This article is about the American airline. ...


A small airport, Meigs Field, was located on the Lake Michigan waterfront adjacent to Grant Park and downtown. There were long-term scheduled flights to Springfield as well as some service to other cities. At 1:30 a.m. on March 31, 2003, the airport runways were unexpectedly destroyed by order of the Mayor, who had sought closure of the airport and development of a nature preserve & bandshell.[78] This resulted in a fine to the city by the Federal Aviation Administration for closure of the airport without sufficient notice, but the airport was eventually demolished. Terminal of the Airport Burnhams Plan of Chicago (1909) — north is to the right Merrill C. Meigs Field Airport (IATA: CGX, ICAO: KCGX), was a single strip airport built on Northerly Island, the man-made peninsula that also sited the 1933-1934 Century of Progress in Chicago, Illinois. ... is the 90th day of the year (91st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Utilities

ComEd Power station with portion of downtown in background.

Electricity for most of northern Illinois is provided by Commonwealth Edison, also known as ComEd. Their service territory borders Iroquois County to the south, the Wisconsin border to the north, the Iowa border to the west and the Indiana border to the east. In northern Illinois, ComEd (a division of Exelon) operates the greatest number of nuclear generating plants in any US state. Because of this, ComEd reports indicate that Chicago receives about 75% of its electricity from nuclear power. Recently, the city started the installation of wind turbines on government buildings with the aim to promote the use of renewable energy.[79][80][81] Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1800x1200, 456 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Chicago Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1800x1200, 456 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Chicago Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... Commonwealth Edison (usually called Com Ed by Chicagoans) is an electric company in Illinois owned by Exelon Corporation. ... Iroquois County is a county located in the state of Illinois. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... For other uses, see Indiana (disambiguation). ... Exelon Corporation is a giant electricity generating and distributing company headquartered in Chicago. ... This article is about applications of nuclear fission reactors as power sources. ...


Domestic and industrial waste was once incinerated but it is now landfilled, mainly in the Calumet area. Since 1995, the city has had a blue bag program to divert certain refuse from landfills.[82] Look up landfill in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Lake Calumet is the largest body of water within the city of Chicago, Illinois. ... A blue bag is a blue colored, semi-transparent bag for waste, mandated for use in some localities for refuse or for certain specific types of refuse: the distinguishing color serves to assist in recycling programs. ...


Sister cities

Chicago has twenty-seven sister cities:[83] Many of them, like Chicago, are the second city of their country, or are the main city of a country that has sent many immigrants to Chicago over the years. Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm, Germany Town twinning is a concept whereby towns or cities in geographically and politically distinct areas are paired with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. ... For the North American comedy troupe, see The Second City. ...

Image File history File links Flag_of_Ghana. ... Accra, population 1,970,400 (2005), is the capital of Ghana. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Jordan. ... For other meanings, see Amman (disambiguation) and Ammann. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Greece. ... This article is about the capital of Greece. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Serbia. ... For other uses, see Belgrade (disambiguation). ... Not to be confused with Republika Srpska. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... This article is about the British city. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Korea. ... Busan Metropolitan City, also known as Pusan[1] is the largest port city in the Republic of Korea. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Morocco. ... For other uses, see Casablanca (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_India. ... , For other uses, see Delhi (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Africa. ... For other uses, see Durban (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ireland. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: , Irish Grid Reference M300256 Statistics Province: Connacht County: Dáil Éireann: Galway West European Parliament: North-West Dialling Code: 091 Postal District(s): G Area: 50. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sweden. ... For other uses, see Gothenburg (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... For other uses, see Hamburg (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ukraine. ... Map of Ukraine with Kiev highlighted Coordinates: , Country Ukraine Oblast Kiev City Municipality Raion Municipality Government  - Mayor Leonid Chernovetskyi Elevation 179 m (587 ft) Population (2006)  - City 4,450,968  - Density 3,299/km² (8,544. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...   (Urdu: لاہور, Punjabi: لہور, pronounced ) is the capital of the Punjab and is the second largest city in Pakistan after Karachi. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Switzerland. ... For other uses, see Lucerne (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mexico. ... Nickname: Location of Mexico City Coordinates: , Country Federal entity Boroughs The 16 delegaciones Founded c. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Type Anti-tank Nationality Joint France/Germany Era Cold War, modern Launch platform Individual, Vehicle Target Vehicle, Fortification History Builder MBDA, Bharat Dynamics (under license) Date of design 70s Production period since 1972 Service duration since 1972 Operators 41 countries Variants MILAN 1, MILAN 2, MILAN 2T, MILAN 3, MILAN... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... For other uses, see Osaka (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Israel. ... The Coat of Arms of Petah-Tikva Petah-Tikva (Hebrew פֶּתַח-תִּקְוָה opening of hope, Standard Hebrew Pétaḥ-Tiqva, also transliterated as Petach Tikva, Petah Tikvah, Petach Tikvah, Petaḥ Tiqwa or Petach Tiqwa) and nicknamed as Mother of Cities, is a city in the west of the Center District of Israel... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Czech_Republic. ... For other uses, see Prague (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... For other uses, see Shanghai (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... This article is about a city. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Lithuania. ... Not to be confused with Vilnius city municipality. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland. ... For other uses, see Warsaw (disambiguation) and Warszawa (disambiguation). ...

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is the 364th day of the year (365th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 231st day of the year (232nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 302nd day of the year (303rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 94th day of the year (95th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1983 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 223rd day of the year (224th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... CBS News logo, used from Sept. ... is the 204th day of the year (205th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 200th day of the year (201st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 254th day of the year (255th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 246th day of the year (247th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 213th day of the year (214th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 206th day of the year (207th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the broadcast network. ... is the 207th day of the year (208th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 335th day of the year (336th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 335th day of the year (336th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... “PDF” redirects here. ... The Cable News Network, commonly known as CNN, is a major cable television network founded in 1980 by Ted Turner. ... is the 164th day of the year (165th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 70th day of the year (71st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... August 2006 is the eighth month of that year, and has yet to occur. ... “PDF” redirects here. ... A kibibyte (a contraction of kilo binary byte) is a unit of information or computer storage, commonly abbreviated KiB (never kiB). 1 kibibyte = 210 bytes = 1,024 bytes The kibibyte is closely related to the kilobyte, which can be used either as a synonym for kibibyte or to refer to... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see University of Chicago (disambiguation). ... Not to be confused with Public Broadcasting Services in Malta. ... Ray Hanania (b. ... “PDF” redirects here. ... MiB redirects here. ... “PDF” redirects here. ... A kibibyte (a contraction of kilo binary byte) is a unit of information or computer storage, commonly abbreviated KiB (never kiB). 1 kibibyte = 210 bytes = 1,024 bytes The kibibyte is closely related to the kilobyte, which can be used either as a synonym for kibibyte or to refer to... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 151st day of the year (152nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 157th day of the year (158th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... {| style=float:right; |- | |- | |} is the 235th day of the year (236th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... “PDF” redirects here. ... A kibibyte (a contraction of kilo binary byte) is a unit of information or computer storage, commonly abbreviated KiB (never kiB). 1 kibibyte = 210 bytes = 1,024 bytes The kibibyte is closely related to the kilobyte, which can be used either as a synonym for kibibyte or to refer to... is the 142nd day of the year (143rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...

Further reading

  • Chicago Timeline. Chicago Public Library at www.chipublib.org/004chicago/chihist.html.
  • USGS—Chicago - Elevation and topography.
  • James R. Grossman, Ann Durkin Keating, Janice L. Reiff. The Encyclopedia of Chicago (University of Chicago Press 2005) ISBN 0-226-31015-9; The Encyclopedia of Chicago (online version)
  • (September 1, 2004) in Charles Madigan.: Global Chicago. University of Illinois Press. ISBN 0-252-02941-0. 
  • Miller, Donald L. (April 1996). City of the Century: The Epic of Chicago and the Making of America. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0-684-80194-9. 

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  • Chicago is at coordinates 41°52′03″N 87°37′28″W / 41.8675, -87.6243 (Chicago)Coordinates: 41°52′03″N 87°37′28″W / 41.8675, -87.6243 (Chicago)

Urban areas in the United States are defined by the U.S. Census Bureau as contiguous census block groups with a population density of at least 1,000 per square mile (about 400 per square km). ... New York–Northern New Jersey–Long Island is the most populous metropolitan area in the United States and is also one of the most populous in the world . ... The Greater Los Angeles Area, or the Southland, (not to be confused with the Los Angeles Metro Area which only includes Los Angeles and Orange Counties) is the agglomeration of urbanized area around the county of Los Angeles, California, United States. ... Chicagoland redirects here. ... The Delaware Valley is the name of the metropolitan area centered on the city of Philadelphia in the United States. ... The Miami Urbanized Area stretches along the Atlantic Coast for most of the length of the Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach Metropolitan Area, but is confined to a relatively narrow area between the coast and the Everglades. ... The Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington metropolitan area, a title designated by the U.S. Census as of 2003, encompasses 12 counties within the U.S. state of Texas. ... Light Blue represents the area in Massachusetts known as Greater Boston, while Dark Blue represents the Metro-Boston area and Red represents Boston proper, the City of Boston Greater Boston is the area of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts surrounding the city of Boston, Massachusetts. ... It has been suggested that National Capital Region (United States) be merged into this article or section. ... The Detroit metropolitan area, often referred to as Metro Detroit, is the metropolitan area located in southeastern Michigan, centered on the city of Detroit. ... The Houston–Sugar Land–Baytown metropolitan area, a title designated by the U.S. Census as of 2003, is the seventh-largest metropolitan area and one of the most diverse[2] in the United States consisting of 10 counties within the state of Texas. ... The Atlanta metropolitan area, commonly referred to as Metro Atlanta in Georgia, is the ninth-largest metropolitan area in the United States and consists of 28 counties in Georgia. ... Bay Area redirects here. ... The Phoenix metropolitan area, also known as the Valley of the Sun, is a metropolitan area that includes the City of Phoenix, much of the rest of Maricopa County, a large section of Pinal County, and small parts of southern Yavapai County. ... The Seattle metropolitan area includes the city of Seattle, Washington; King County, Washington; and several surrounding cities and counties in the Puget Sound area. ... “Greater San Diego” redirects here. ... A map of the Twin Cities metropolitan area. ... The St. ... The Baltimore Metropolitan Area, also known as Baltimore-Towson, is a Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) encompassing northeastern Maryland and a small section of southern Pennsylvania. ... The Tampa-St. ... An editor has expressed a concern that the subject of the article does not satisfy the notability guideline. ... NASA image of Greater Cleveland and Lake Erie Greater Cleveland is a nickname for the metropolitan area surrounding Cleveland in Ohio. ... The Pittsburgh metropolitan area is the U.S. Census-defined seven county region surrounding the city of Pittsburgh in Western Pennsylvania, United States. ... The Portland metropolitan area is the urban area centered around Portland, Oregon and the Willamette River. ... For the Nintendo 64 game, see Space Station Silicon Valley. ... The Inland Empire and its regions within The Inland Empire refers to the region in Southern California located in Riverside and San Bernardino Counties in the United States. ... The Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky metropolitan area The Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky____the worst place on the planet____ metropolitan area is a metropolitan area that includes 15 counties in Ohio, Kentucky and Indiana. ... This view from space in July 1996 shows portions of each of the Seven Cities of Hampton Roads which generally surround the harbor area of Hampton Roads, which framed by the Hampton Roads Bridge-Tunnel visible to the east (right), the Virginia Peninsula subregion to the north (top), and the... Sacramento County is a county in the U.S. state of California. ... Kansas City satellite map The Kansas City Metropolitan Area is a metropolitan area situated at the confluence of the Kansas and Missouri Rivers, sometimes known as (Kaw Point). ... Map of Texas highlighting the San Antonio metropolitan area. ... The Las Vegas metropolitan area, includes the Las Vegas Valley a 600 square mile (1600 km²) basin, and surrounding areas, that are part of Clark County in southern Nevada. ... Location in the state of Wisconsin The Milwaukee–Racine–Waukesha metropolitan area is an urban area that the U.S. Census Bureau defines as a Combined Statistical Area centered on the city of Milwaukee and had a population of 1,708,563 people as of the 2005 U.S. Census... The Indianapolis, IN, Metropolitan Statistical Area is the 33rd largest Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) in the United States. ... The Providence metropolitan area is a region covering eight counties in two states, and is the 35th largest metropolitan area in the United States. ... The Orlando-Kissimmee, Florida, Metropolitan Statistical Area, also known as the Orlando Area, Metro Orlando or (more colloquially) Greater Orlando, is the state of Floridas third most densely populated metropolitan region. ... The Columbus Metropolitan Area is the metropolitan area centered on American city of Columbus, Ohio. ... The New Orleans Metropolitan Area, consisting of the Greater New Orleans region and three addtional parishes which share the perimeter of Lake Ponchartrain, is the largest metropolitan area in the U.S. state of Louisiana, centered around the city of New Orleans. ... Not to be confused with Buffalo Niagara Region. ... City nickname: The River City or The Bluff City Location in the state of Tennessee County Shelby County, Tennessee Area  - Total  - Water 763. ... Map of Texas highlighting the Austin-Round Rock metropolitan area. ... The Gold Coast is a region of the state of Connecticut, United States, roughly contiguous with the boundaries of Fairfield County; it derives its regional nickname from Fairfield County being ranked as one of the wealthiest counties in the United States and being the headquarters to most of the hedge... The Wasatch Front is an urban area in the U.S. state of Utah. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Louisville-Jefferson County, KY-IN Metropolitan Statistical Area is the 43rd largest Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) in the United States. ... The Greater Hartford region is a region located in the state of Connecticut centered around the states capital of Hartford. ... Richmond-Petersburg is a region located in a central part of the state of Virginia in the United States. ... Counties most commonly associated with the Charlote Metro area are in dark red, counties often included are light red, and counties sometimes included are in orange. ... The Nashville-Davidson-Murfreesboro, TN is the 39th largest Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) in the United States[1] and the largest metropolitan area in the state of Tennessee, encompassing its north central section. ... The Oklahoma City Metropolitan Area is a large urban region located in the central part of the state of Oklahoma. ... Pima County is located in the south central part of the U.S. state of Arizona. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Sears Tower is a skyscraper in Chicago, Illinois. ... The Aon Center (200 East Randolph Street) is a modern skyscraper in Chicago designed by architect Edward Durell Stone and completed in 1973 as the Standard Oil Building. ... Several buildings bear this name, all built by John Hancock Insurance and named after John Hancock. ... View from above The AT&T Corporate Center is the 4th tallest skyscraper in Chicago and 8th tallest in the United States at 1,007 ft (307 m) with 60 floors. ... Two Prudential Plaza is a skyscraper built in Chicago in 1990. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Central business district. ... 111 South Wacker Drives modern exterior 111 South Wacker Drive is an office tower located in Chicago. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... View looking up 181 West Madison Street is 50 story building completed in 1990 and located in Chicago. ... 311 South Wacker Drive in Chicago is a post-modern 65-story skyscraper completed in 1990. ... 330 North Wabash (formerly IBM Plaza) is a skyscraper in downtown Chicago, Illinois, at 330 North Wabash Avenue, designed by famed architect Ludwig Mies van der Rohe. ... Magnificent Mile looking south 333 North Michigan 333 North Michigan Chicago Landmark plaque 333 North Michigan 333 North Michigan is a historic building located in the Loop community area of Chicago, Illinois. ... 333 West Wacker Drive is an office tower in Chicago, USA. On the side facing the Chicago River it features a curved green glass façade while on the other side the building adheres to the rectangular street grid. ... 35 East Wacker is a 40-story 523 foot historic building in the Loop community area of Chicago, Illinois. ... 55 East Erie is the tallest all-residential skyscraper in Chicago at 647 ft (197 m). ... View from the Sears Tower 77 West Wacker Drive an office building in Chicago. ... 860–880 Lake Shore Drive 860–880 Lake Shore Drive is a twin pair of glass-and-steel apartment towers on Lake Shore Drive in Chicago, Illinois. ... 900 North Michigan, Park Tower, the John Hancock Center, and Water Tower Place (L-R) as seen from the Sears Tower in Chicago 900 North Michigan in Chicago is a skyscraper completed in 1989. ... ABN AMRO Plaza is an office building located in the West Loop area of Chicago, Illinois, United States. ... Michigan Avenue view of Magnificent Mile Huron Street entrance. ... The Blackstone Hotel is located in Chicago at the corner of Michigan Avenue and Balbo Street. ... Boeing International Headquarters The Boeing International Headquarters in Chicago is the new home of the Boeing Company, which decided on 10 May 2001 to move to Chicago from Seattle. ... The Carbide & Carbon Building can be seen in the distance, just to the right of the Smurfit-Stone Building. ... O1 Chase Tower Chase Tower in Chicago is a 60 story skyscraper completed in 1969. ... Chicago Place is a mixed-use high-rise on the 700 block of North Michigan Avenue (between Huron and Superior) in Chicago along the Magnificent Mile. ... The Chicago Board of Trade Building houses the Chicago Board of Trade, the worlds largest futures and options exchange. ... View from above Chicago Title & Trust Center is an office tower located in Chicago designed by the firm Kohn Pedersen Fox Associates. ... The Citicorp Center is a skyscraper at 500 West Madison (between Clinton and Canal) in Chicago, Illinois. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Exterior of the Civic Opera House The Civic Opera House is an opera house located at 20 North Wacker Drive in Chicago. ... CNA Plaza is a 600-foot, 44-story high-rise building located at 325 South Wabash Avenue in Chicago. ... The Everett McKinley Dirksen Federal Courthouse is a skyscraper in downtown Chicago, Illinois. ... The Fisher Building is 20-story, 275 foot tall landmark building in the Chicago Loop community area of Chicago, Illinois. ... Built in 1972, Harbor Point Condominiums is a residential/commercial building in Chicago, Illinois on Lake Michigan. ... The Home Insurance Building was built in 1885 in Chicago, Illinois and demolished in 1931 to make way for the Field Building (now the LaSalle National Bank). ... Hyatt Centers curving exterior Hyatt Center is an office tower in Chicago completed in 2005. ... The James R. Thompson Center (JRTC) is located at 100 W. Randolph in the Loop, Chicago, Illinois and houses many Illinois State Departmental office. ... Flamingo by Alexander Calder The Kluczynski Federal Building is a skyscraper in downtown Chicago, Illinois. ... LaSalle National Bank Building (formerly known as the Field Building)[1] is an art deco building in the LaSalle Street corridor in the Loop community area of Chicago, Illinois, USA. The construction of LaSalle National Bank Building was completed 1934 as a 535 feet (163. ... The LaSalle-Wacker Building, at 221 North LaSalle Street, is a 41 story skyscraper at the north end of the LaSalle Street canyon in the Loop community area of Chicago, Illinois, USA. // Originally planned as a 37-story building, the developer bought an L-shaped building aside original lot and... The Leo Burnett Building from the Chicago River. ... The London Guarantee Building is a historic building located in the Loop community area of Chicago, Illinois. ... Marina City from across the river. ... The Masonic Temple Building was a skyscraper built in Chicago, Illinois in 1892. ... Mather Tower is a building located in Chicago, Illinois. ... Metropolitan Tower Pyramid and Beehive Lamp atop the Metropolitan Tower The Metropolitan Tower, owned by Metropolitan Properties of Chicago[1], is a skyscraper in Chicagos East Chicago Landmark Historic Michigan Boulevard District in the Loop community area in Cook County, Illinois, United States and is now being renovated as... The Montauk Building - also often referred to as Montauk Block - was a high-rise building in Chicago, Illinois. ... NBC Tower with peacock logo The NBC Tower is an office tower in the Streeterville neighborhood on the near north side of Chicago, Illinois. ... The Old Dearborn Bank Building is a historic building in the Loop community area of Chicago, Illinois. ... The Olympia Centre The Olympia Centre is a skyscraper in Chicago. ... One Mag Mile One Magnificent Mile (or One Mag Mile) is a mixed-use high-rise tower completed in 1983 at the northern end of Michigan Avenue in Chicago containing upscale retailers on the ground floor, followed by office space above that & luxury condominium apartments on top. ... Northward view of One North LaSalle Building from South LaSalle Street. ... One Prudential Plaza (formerly known as the Prudential Building) is a 44 story structure in Chicago completed in 1955 as the headquarters for Prudentials Mid-America company. ... Hallway in the Palmer House Hilton The Palmer House Hilton is a famous and historic hotel in downtown Chicago. ... The Palmolive Building is a 37 story Art Deco building in Chicago. ... The Park Tower Park Tower located at 800 Michigan Avenue in Chicago ( ) is a skyscraper completed in 2000. ... The Pittsfield Building, is a 38-story skyscraper located at 55 E. Washington Street in the Loop community area of Chicago, Illinois, USA, that was the citys tallest building at the time of its completion. ... The Powhatan Apartments is a 22-story luxury apartment building overlooking Lake Michigan and adjacent to Burnham Park in the Kenwood neighborhood of Chicago, Illinois. ... Regents Park is an upscale apartment complex in the Kenwood community area of Chicago, IL on the Hyde Park community area border. ... Richard J. Daley Center is Chicagos premier civic center and features a massive sculpture by Pablo Picasso. ... Looking at River East Center and Embassy Suites River East Center is a Chicago skyscraper that is a part of the larger River East complex. ... Skybridge is a high rise luxury condominium located in the West Loop of Chicago. ... 150 North Michigan Avenue, formerly known as the Smurfit-Stone Building is a 42 story, 575 foot (175 meter) skyscraper at 150 North Michigan Avenue in downtown Chicago, Illinois. ... Chicago Temple Building The Chicago Temple Building is a 173 metre (568 foot) tall skyscraper church located in Chicago, Illinois, United States. ... Looking up at the Fordham The Fordham is one of the tallest residential buildings in Chicago. ... Four Seasons Hotel Chicago is a part of the Toronto-based Four Seasons chain of luxury hotels and resorts. ... The curvy exterior of the Heritage The Heritage at Millennium Park is a relatively new mixed use tower in Chicago. ... The Pinnacle is a residential skyscraper in downtown Chicago, Illinois. ... Looking west from Millennium Park Three First National Plaza is a 57 story office tower in Chicago, Illinois. ... The Time-Life Building is a 30-story skyscraper in Chicago, Illinois designed by Harry Weese and completed in 1969. ... The Tribune Tower is a Gothic building located at 435 North Michigan Avenue in Chicago, Illinois. ... Staggered floors facing east Looking through the lobby at the Civic Opera House UBS Tower is a 651 foot (199 m) tall skyscraper in Chicago, Illinois, United States. ... View of the Water Tower Place skyscraper View showing the Water Tower Place shopping mall at the base of the skyscraper, with Chicago Avenue Pumping Station in foreground Water Tower Place is a large urban, mixed-use development comprising a 758,000 sq ft shopping mall and 74 story skyscraper... The gleaming white Wrigley Building (410 N. Michigan Avenue, Chicago, Illinois) is a skyscraper located directly across Michigan Avenue from the Tribune Tower. ... The Auditorium Building in Chicago The Auditorium Building in Chicago, Illinois is one of the best-known designs of Dankmar Adler and Louis Sullivan. ... The Brooks Building in Chicago is a landmark building in the Chicago School style, built in 1909-1910. ... The Bryn Mawr Apartment Hotel is a building of the Bryn Mawr Historic District in far-north neighborhood community of Edgewater in Chicago, Illinois. ... Carson Pirie Scott, downtown Chicago The Carson, Pirie, Scott and Company Building is a landmark department store building at State Street and Madison, Chicago, Illinois. ... The Chicago Building, built in 1904-1905 at 7 W. Madison Street by architectural firm Holabird and Roche, is an early and highly visible example of the architectural style known as the Chicago School. ... Gage Group Buildings Gage Group Buildings consist of three buildings located at 18, 24 and 30 South Michigan Avenue between Madison Street and Monroe Street. ... The Heyworth Building is a Chicago Landmark building located at 29 E. Madison Street, on the southwest corner of Madison Street and Wabash Avenue, Chicago, Illinois. ... The Inland Steel Building viewed from the West. ... The Manhattan Building is a 16-story building at 431 South Dearborn Street in Chicago, Illinois. ... The Marquette Building, completed in 1895, is a Chicago landmark that was built for the George A. Fuller Company. ... The Monadnock Building is a historic skyscraper in the Loop district of downtown Chicago, Illinois. ... The Old Colony Building is 17-story landmark building in the Chicago Loop community area of Chicago, Illinois. ... Reliance Building at 32 N. State Street The Reliance Building is the first skyscraper to have large plate glass windows make up the majority of its surface area; forshadowing a feature of skyscrapers that would become dominant in the 20th century. ... The Rookery Building (209 S. LaSalle St. ... Downtown Chicago from the northwest Chicago has the tallest building in the United States, the Sears Tower, and many slightly shorter buildings, almost all in the Loop or along the Magnificent Mile. ... Asheville City Hall. ... Chicago architecture is famous throughout the world and one style is referred to as the Chicago School. ... This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... Chicago City Hall, shortly before construction was completed in 1911. ... Urban planning is concerned with the ordering and design of settlements, from the smallest towns to the worlds largest cities. ... For other uses, see Skyscraper (disambiguation). ... 108 North State Street will be a mixed use urban center located in the part of downtown Chicago, Illinois, known as the Loop. ... 155 North Wacker is a proposed 51 story skyscraper in Chicago, Illinois designed by Goettsch Partners and being developed by the John Buck Company. ... 300 North LaSalle will be a 60 story mixed use building located on the north bank of the Chicago River. ... The Aqua is a planned skyscraper for the Lakeshore East area of Chicago. ... The Blue Cross Blue Shield Tower (BCBS) is located on the north end of Grant Park along E. Randolph St. ... The Chicago Spire is a supertall skyscraper under construction in Chicago, Illinois. ... Elysian is a 60 story skyscraper in Chicago, Illinois currently under construction. ... The Joffrey Tower will be the name of the high rise commercial real estate development on the northeast corner of North State Street and East Randolph Street in the Loop neighborhood of Chicago that will be the new permanent home of the Joffrey Ballet. ... Legacy Tower is a 72 story skyscraper in Chicago, Illinois currently under construction. ... One Museum Park will be the tallest building in the Central Station development and the tallest in Chicago south of Van Buren Street. ... One Museum Park West is the companion structure to One Museum Park in the Near South Side community area (neighborhood) in Chicago, Illinois, USA. It is located at the north end of the Central Station development. ... For other buildings of the same name see Trump International Hotel and Tower The Trump International Hotel and Tower is a skyscraper condo-hotel under construction at 401 N. Wabash Avenue in downtown Chicago, Illinois named for famed real estate developer Donald Trump. ... Waterview Tower is a mixed used development under construction in downtown Chicago, Illinois. ... The Mandarin Oriental Tower in Chicago will be a 74-story 930 foot mixed use building targeted to be the ninth largest building in Chicago upon its completion in 2009, assuming the Trump Tower Chicago and Waterview Tower are completed first. ... 29 South LaSalle is a proposed 51 story skyscraper in Chicago, Illinois designed by Lucien Lagrange Architects. ... 375 East Wacker is a 76-story mixed-use skyscraper planned for the Lakeshore East area of Chicago. ... Canyon Ranch or Canyon Ranch Living is a proposed 64 story skyscraper in Chicago, Illinois designed by DeStefano and Partners, Ltd. ... Park Michigan is a proposed 80 story skyscraper in Chicago, Illinois designed by Pappageorge/Haymes, Ltd. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... Template:Waldorf-Astoria Hotel and Residence Tower This article is about the announced Chicago skyscraper. ...


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