FACTOID # 26: Delaware is the latchkey kid capital of America, with 71.8% of households having both parents in the labor force.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
RELATED ARTICLES
People who viewed "Chhattisgarh" also viewed:
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Chhattisgarh
  ?Chhattisgarh
India
Coordinates: 21°16′N 81°36′E / 21.27, 81.6
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area 135,194 km² (52,199 sq mi)
Capital Raipur
Largest city Raipur
District(s) 18
Population
Density
20,795,956 (17th)
• 108 /km² (280 /sq mi)
Language(s) Chhattisgarhi,Hindi
Governor Ekkadu Srinivasan Lakshmi Narasimhan
Chief Minister Raman Singh
Established 2000-11-01
Legislature (seats) Unicameral (90)
ISO abbreviation IN-CT
Website: www.chhattisgarh.nic.in
Seal of Chhattisgarh

Coordinates: 21°16′N 81°36′E / 21.27, 81.6 Image File history File links India_Chhattisgarh_locator_map. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Location of Mirzapur and the 82. ... The geography of India is diverse, with landscape ranging from snow-capped mountain ranges to deserts, plains, rainforests, hills, and plateaus. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here surface areas between 100,000 km² and 1,000,000 km². ... Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh National Capital Territory of Delhi Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu and Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Orissa Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttarakhand Uttar Pradesh West Bengal Andaman and Nicobar Islands Chandigarh Dadra and Nagar... , Raipur   (Hindi: रायपुर) is the capital city of the state of Chhattisgarh, India. ... , Raipur   (Hindi: रायपुर) is the capital city of the state of Chhattisgarh, India. ... The divisions of a district. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh National Capital Territory of Delhi Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu and Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Orissa Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttarakhand Uttar Pradesh West Bengal Andaman and Nicobar Islands Chandigarh Dadra and Nagar... As a large and linguistically diverse country, India does not have a single official language. ... Chhattisgarhi is a language of India. ... Hindi (हिन्दी) is a language spoken mainly in North and Central India. ... Governors of Chhattisgarh See Also Chhattisgarh Governors of India Links Categories: India-related stubs | Chhattisgarh | Indian politicians | Office-holders | Government of India ... Ekkadu Srinivasan Lakshmi Narasimhan[1] is the current governor of the Indian state of Chhattisgarh. ... Chief Ministers of Chhattisgarh See Also Chhattisgarh Chief Ministers of India Links Categories: India-related stubs | Chhattisgarh | Indian politicians | Office-holders | Government of India ... Dr. Raman Singh is the current chief minister of Chhatisgarh. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Judiciary Supreme Court of India Chief Justice of India High Courts District Courts Elections Political Parties Local & State Govt. ... Unicameralism is the practice of having only one legislative or parliamentary chamber. ... ISO 3166-2 is the second part of the ISO 3166 standard. ... ISO 3166-2 for India (ISO 3166-1 : IN) The purpose of this family of standards is to establish a worldwide series of short abbreviations for places, for use on package labels, containers and such. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


Chhattisgarh (Chhattisgarhi/Hindi: छत्तीसगढ़, IPA[tʃʰət̪t̪iːsgəɽʰ]) pronunciation , a state in central India, formed when the sixteen Chhattisgarhi-speaking southeastern districts of Madhya Pradesh gained statehood on November 1, 2000. Raipur serves as its capital. It is the 10th largest state of India by area. Chhattisgarh takes its name from 36 (Chattis is thirty-six in Hindi and Garh is Fort) princely states in this region from very old times.controversial, many stories Chhattisgarhi is a language of India. ... Hindi (DevanāgarÄ«: or , IAST: , IPA:  ), an Indo-European language spoken all over India in varying degrees and extensively in northern and central India, is one of the 22 official languages of India and is used, along with English, for central government administrative purposes. ... Image File history File links Chattisgarh. ... India is a federal republic comprising twenty-eight states and seven union territories. ... , Madhya Pradesh (abbreviated as MP)   (HindÄ«: मध्य प्रदेश, English: , IPA: ), often called the Heart of India, is a state in central India. ... is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... , Raipur   (Hindi: रायपुर) is the capital city of the state of Chhattisgarh, India. ...


It borders Madhya Pradesh on the northwest, Maharashtra on the west, Andhra Pradesh on the south, Orissa on the east, Jharkhand on the northeast and Uttar Pradesh on the north. , Madhya Pradesh (abbreviated as MP)   (HindÄ«: मध्य प्रदेश, English: , IPA: ), often called the Heart of India, is a state in central India. ... , Maharashtra (Marathi: महाराष्ट्र , IPA  , translation: Great Nation) is Indias third largest state in area and second largest in population after Uttar Pradesh. ... Andhra redirects here. ... , Orissa   (Oriya: ଓଡ଼ିଶା), is a state situated on the east coast of India. ... , Jharkhand   (Hindi: झारखंड, Bengali: ঝাড়খণ্ড,IPA: ) is a state in eastern India. ... , Uttar Pradesh (Hindi: , Urdu: , IPA:  , translation: Northern Province), [often referred to as U.P.], located in central-south Asia and northern India, is the most populous and fifth largest state in the Republic of India. ...


The Chhattisgarhi language, part of the East-Central group of Indo-Aryan languages, is the predominant language in the region. It is often regarded by linguists to be a dialect of Hindi, which is the official language of the state. People in southern Chhattisgarh, Bastar, speak dialects of Dravidian languages. Other languages spoken in Chhattishgarh are Hindi, Oriya, Marathi and tribal languages. Chhattisgarhi is a language of India. ... The Indo-Aryan languages (within the context of Indo-European studies also Indic[1]) are a branch of the Indo-European language family. ... A dialect (from the Greek word διάλεκτος) is a variant, or variety, of a language spoken in a certain geographical area. ... For other uses, see Dravidian (disambiguation). ... Hindi (DevanāgarÄ«: or , IAST: , IPA:  ), an Indo-European language spoken all over India in varying degrees and extensively in northern and central India, is one of the 22 official languages of India and is used, along with English, for central government administrative purposes. ... Oriya is the official language of the Indian state of Orissa. ... Marathi is one of the widely spoken languages of India, and has a long literary history. ...

Contents

Geography

Location of Chhatisgarh in India
Location of Chhatisgarh in India

The north and south parts of the state are hilly, while the central part is a fertile plain. Forests cover roughly forty-four percent of the state. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (451x671, 31 KB) Summary Chhattisgarh State (India) with district boundries and city marks - Self Made - w:User:Miljoshi - Jan 2006 Note: co-ordinates are estimated, and may not be exactly accurate. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (451x671, 31 KB) Summary Chhattisgarh State (India) with district boundries and city marks - Self Made - w:User:Miljoshi - Jan 2006 Note: co-ordinates are estimated, and may not be exactly accurate. ... This article is about a community of trees. ...


The northern part of the state lies on the edge of the great Indo-Gangetic plain: The Rihand River, a tributary of the Ganges, drains this area. The eastern end of the Satpura Range and the western edge of the Chota Nagpur Plateau form an east-west belt of hills that divide the Mahanadi River basin from the Indo-Gangetic plain. Schematic map of the Indo-Gangetic Plain The Indo-Gangetic Plain also known as The Kathwiarschi plains is a large and fertile plain encompassing most of northern and eastern India, the most populous parts of Pakistan, and virtually all of Bangladesh. ... The Rihand is a river in east-central India, a tributary of the Son River. ... This article is about the river. ... The Satpura Range is a range of hills in central India. ... The Chota Nagpur Plateau (also Chhota Nagpur) is a plateau in eastern India, which covers much of Jharkhand state as well as adjacent parts of Orissa, Bihar, and Chhattisgarh. ... The Mahanadi rises in the highlands of Chhattisgarh. ...


The central part of the state lies in the fertile upper basin of the Mahanadi and its tributaries, with extensive rice cultivation. The upper Mahanadi basin is separated from the upper Narmada basin to the west by the Maikal range, part of the Satpuras, and from the plains of Orissa to the east by ranges of hills. For other uses, see Rice (disambiguation). ... The Narmada River in central India The Narmada (Gujarati: નર્મદા Devanagri: नर्मदा or Nerbudda (Narbada) is a river in central India in Indian subcontinent. ...


The southern part of the state lies on the Deccan plateau, in the watershed of the Godavari River and its tributary the Indravati River. The Deccan Plateau is a vast plateau in India, encompassing most of Central and Southern India. ... Godavari river map The Godavari River, adjacent to the town of Kovvur This article is about Godavari River in India. ... The Indravati River is a tributary of the Godavari River, located in central India. ...


The Mahanadi is the chief river of the state. Other main rivers are Hasdo (a tributary of Mahanadi), Rihand, Indravati, Jonk and Arpa.


Politics

In Chhattisgarh Ajit Jogi, the first Chief Minister of the state, has been the most controversial politician of the State. Prominent leaders, besides him, in the Indian National Congress Party are Vidya Charan Shukla, and Motilal bohra. Dr. Raman Singh has been the second Chief Minister of the State and first of the Bhartiya Janata Party after the general elections held in November 2003. Besides him, Ramesh Bais, and Dilip Singh Judeo, both former Union Ministers, are other prominent leaders of the party. Dauram Ratnakar is the Chief of the State Unit of the Bahujan Samaj Party for many years. Chhattisgarh has given many prominent leaders in the past which include Pandit ravi Shankar Shukla who was the Prime Minister (as the post was known then) of the state of Central Provinces And Berar before the first general Elections in the country, and later the first Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh; his son Pandit Shyama Charan Shukla was Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh thrice. Naresh Chandra Singh, Raja of Sarangarh and a tribal leader of stature, was Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh once and Motilal Vora twice. Earlier in 1962, the Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh Pandit Dwarka Prasad Mishra was elected to the state assembly from Kasdol assembly segment in Chhattisgarh. Other prominent leaders of that era include Mahant Lakshmi Narayan Das, Sundar Lal Sharma, Mini Mata and Chandu Lal Chandrakar. There are 4 major political parties and many independents with followers in the state: Ajit Jogi (born 29 April 1946) is a member of the 14th Lok Sabha of India. ... The Bharatiya Janata Party [BJP] (Hindi: , English: ), created in 1980, is a major Indian political party. ... For the Nepalese party, see Bahujan Samaj Party, Nepal. ...

There is a heavy presence of armed insurgent communists (known as Naxalites) in southern and northern part of the state almost running parallel Government in the hinterland – Chhattisgarh is as of 2006 the most Naxalite-affected state in the country. The Bharatiya Janata Party [BJP] (Hindi: , translation: Indian Peoples Party), created in 1980, is a major right wing Indian political party. ... Indian National Congress, Congress-I (also known as the Congress Party and abbreviated INC) is a major political party in India. ... For the Nepalese party, see Bahujan Samaj Party, Nepal. ... Map showing the districts affected by the Naxalite movement Naxalite or Naxalism is an informal name given to radical, often violent, revolutionary communist groups that were born out of the Sino-Soviet split in the Indian communist movement. ...


History

Main article: History of Chhattisgarh

Much of this area was part of the Chhattisgarh States, a division of the Eastern States Agency in British India. In 1941 they had an area 37,688 square miles and a population of 4,050,000.[1]. The states were organized in 1936 and merged into either Orissa or Madhya Pradesh in 1948.[2] The Eastern States Agency was an administrative unit of British India. ... , Orissa   (Oriya: ଓଡ଼ିଶା), is a state situated on the east coast of India. ... , Madhya Pradesh (abbreviated as MP)   (HindÄ«: मध्य प्रदेश, English: , IPA: ), often called the Heart of India, is a state in central India. ...


Recent events

  • Recently a law has been passed requiring conversion from one religion to another to be notified to the authorities 30 days beforehand. Citizens who fail to do this can face up to a year in jail. According to the BBC "conversion is a major political issue in the state." (This, conversion-related law, by the way, is enacted also elsewhere in India as a governmental response to the demand from the majority community of Hindus inasmuch Hinduism does not accept formal converts though its members who were allured into other religions are reconvertible, according to tradition. Chhattisgarh, like several other areas in India, has considerable populations of illiterate, yet uniquely cultured, communities - a fertile ground for missionaries who hold that tribal populations are precisely awaiting their salvational mission for their liberation from backwardness. )
  • On March 15, 2007, at least 55 police officers were reported killed in an attack on a police outpost in the village of Radi Bodli by Naxalite Maoist rebels.[3] The dead included 15 personnel of the Chhattisgarh Armed Forces and 34 Special Police Officers (SPOs). 12 others were injured in the attack.[4] The total forces present during the time of the attack were 23 regular officers and 55 SPOs.[5]

is the 59th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Dantewada District, also known as Dantewara District or South Bastar District, is a district in the Indian state of Chhattisgarh. ... Map showing the districts affected by the Naxalite movement Naxalite or Naxalism is an informal name given to radical, often violent, revolutionary communist groups that were born out of the Sino-Soviet split in the Indian communist movement. ... is the 67th day of the year (68th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... ABC News logo ABC News Special Report ident, circa 2006 ABC News is a division of American television and radio network ABC, owned by The Walt Disney Company. ... is the 84th day of the year (85th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Kanker District is located in the southern region of the state of Chhattisgarh, India within the longitudes 20. ... is the 84th day of the year (85th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article refers to the news department of the British Broadcasting Corporation, for the BBC News Channel see BBC News (TV channel). ... is the 118th day of the year (119th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Dantewada District, also known as Dantewara District or South Bastar District, is a district in the Indian state of Chhattisgarh. ... Map showing the districts affected by the Naxalite movement Naxalite or Naxalism is an informal name given to radical, often violent, revolutionary communist groups that were born out of the Sino-Soviet split in the Indian communist movement. ... is the 118th day of the year (119th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article refers to the news department of the British Broadcasting Corporation, for the BBC News Channel see BBC News (TV channel). ... Religious conversion is the adoption of a new religious identity, or a change from one religious identity to another. ... For other uses, see BBC (disambiguation). ... is the 74th day of the year (75th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Map showing the districts affected by the Naxalite movement Naxalite or Naxalism is an informal name given to radical, often violent, revolutionary communist groups that were born out of the Sino-Soviet split in the Indian communist movement. ... Maoism or Mao Zedong Thought (Chinese: 毛澤東思想, pinyin: Máo Zédōng Sīxiǎng), also called Marxism-Leninism–Mao Zedong Thought or Marxism-Leninism-Maoism (MLM), is a variant of communism derived from the teachings of Mao Zedong (1893–1976). ...

Economy

Chhattisgarh is one of the rapidly developing states of India. The per capita income is around 250 USD as of 2001, but that is in part due to the neglect and under investment during it being the part of Madhaya Pradesh. Only 20% of population lives in urban areas. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ...


Chhattisgarh's gross state domestic product for 2004 is estimated at 12 billion USD in current prices. After partition, this mineral-rich state produces 30% of the output of the old Madhya Pradesh state. The state has immense potential to graduate into the league of advanced states provided it gets a far sighted political leadership and adequate planning especially in the area of higher studies as well as technical education. USD redirects here. ...


The state's economy is further fuelled by the presence of the Bhilai Steel Plant, S.E.C.Railway Zone, BALCO Aluminium Plant (Korba), and NTPC Korba (National Thermal Power Corporation Ltd) and S.E.C.L. (South Eastern Coalfields Limited). The city of Korba is a hub for power generation, from where the electricity is supplied to several other Indian states. Chattisgarh's southern area consists of iron ore available where NMDC is excavating to meet the iron demand in India and as well sending to countries like Japan. NMDC is located in Dantewara district. Recently ESSAR has started transporting iron ore through pipe lines to Vizag. National Thermal Power Corporation is the largest power generation company in India. ...


The state is also launching an ambitious plan to become biofuel self-sufficient by 2015 by planting crops of jatropha.[6] Jatropha plant cultivation and subsequent production of bio-fuel is a crucial part of Indias plan to attain energy sustainability. ...


Education

Educational institutions set-up by the state government are the prevalent education providers in the state from elementary schools to degree colleges. In these institutions and schools (other than engineering and medical colleges), the dominant medium of education is official hindi.


In Chhattisgarh, there are seven government recognized universities:

Most the colleges in the state are affiliated to one of these universities. Chhattisgarh Swami Vivekanand Technical University (CSVTU) is a public university located in the city of Bhilai, in the state of Chhattisgarh in India. ... Bhilai is the second-largest city in Chhattisgarh, India with a population of 553,837 (2001 census}. The city is located 22 km west of the capital Raipur on the Howrah-Mumbai rail line, and National Highway 6. ... Formally inaugurated on June 16, 1983, Guru Ghasidas University is located at Bilaspur and is one of the two universities in Chhattisgarh State - India. ... Bilaspur, a district of Himachal Pradesh, India is famous for the manmade Govind Sagar Lake on the Sutlej River, acts as the reservoir for the Bhakra and Nangal Dam project. ... Hidayatullah National Law University is a university in Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India. ... , Raipur   (Hindi: रायपुर) is the capital city of the state of Chhattisgarh, India. ... // Indira Gandhi Agricultural University (IGAU) is an agricultural university at Raipur in the Indian state of Chattisgarh. ... , Raipur   (Hindi: रायपुर) is the capital city of the state of Chhattisgarh, India. ... // Indira Kala Sangeet University was established in 1956 under the Government of Madhya Pradesh. ... , Khairagarh is a town and a nagar panchayat in Rajnandgaon District in the Indian state of Chhattisgarh. ... // Kushabhau Thakre Patrakarita Awam Jansanchar University (KTUJM) is a public university located in Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India. ... , Raipur   (Hindi: रायपुर) is the capital city of the state of Chhattisgarh, India. ... // Named after the first chief minister of Madhya Pradesh. ... , Raipur   (Hindi: रायपुर) is the capital city of the state of Chhattisgarh, India. ...


In year 2006 Government Engineering College was declared National institute of technology (also known as NIT). First one of its own kind in State.


Transportation

The rail network in Chattisgarh is centered on Bilaspur, which is zonal headquarters of South East Central Railway of Indian Railways. Other main railway junctions include Raipur, Durg and Champa. These junctions are well connected to all the major cities of India. The South East Central Railway is one of the 16 railway zones in India. ...


The roadways infrastructure is also slowly picking up in the state. The National Highway 6 (Bombay to Kolkata) passes through the state. The state also hosts National Highway 43 which starts from Raipur and goes up to Vishakhapatnam. National Highway 16 from Hyderabad ends at Bhopalpatnam in Dantewada district. The state has 11 National Highways (2,225 kilometres).


The air infrastructure as of now in the state is minor. Raipur, the capital city, is the sole commercially operating airport of the state. However, of late, Raipur has shown huge upsurge in passenger traffic . Raipur has links to top four cities of the country i.e. Delhi (4 Flights a day), Bombay (3 Flights a day), Kolkata (2 Flights a day), and Chennai (1 Flight a day) .It is also connected to Jaipur , Indore (3 Flights a day), Nagpur (2 Flights a day) , Bhubaneshwar , Ahmedabad (2 Flights a day), Vizag , Pune , Bhopal and Hyderabad (2 Flights a day) . The state, however, has airport in Bilaspur and air strips in Bhilai, Jagdalpur, Sarguja, Korba. Its rural connectivity is also improving.


Culture

The state hosts many religious sects like Satnami Panth, Kabirpanth, Ramnami Samaj, and others. Champaran (Chhattisgarh) is a small town that has religious significance as the birth place of the Saint Vallabhacharya. Champaran is coming up as a big holy place for Gujarati community. People from all of Gujarat, Mumbai etc. come to visit this place. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Vallabhacharya (1479 - 1531) was the founder of the Vallabha sect in Indian philosophy. ...


The Oriya culture is prominent in the eastern parts of Chhattisgarh. Oriya is the official language of the Indian state of Orissa. ...


Chhattisgarh has a very rich Cultural heritage. Chattisgarh has its unique style of dance, cuisine, and music. This has made Chhattisgarh a favorite of anthropologists and sociologists due to its relevant profile. See Anthropology. ... Sociology is the study of the social lives of humans, groups and societies. ...


Crafts

One can see here decorative pieces carved on wood, Bamboo furniture, Clay pieces, idols carved on wood etc.


Dance

Panthi, Raut Nacha "Karma" and Soowa dance styles are very popular in the region.


Raut Nacha, the folk dance of cowherds, is a traditional folk dance of yadavs/yaduvanshis as symbol of worship to Krishna at the time of 'dev udhni ekadashi' (awakening of Gods after brief rest) according to the Hindu calendar. The dance closely resembles Krishna's dance of lord with his village's girls with gopis. Folk dance is a term used to describe a large number of dances, mostly of European origin, that tend to share the following attributes: They were originally danced in about the 19th century or earlier (or are, in any case, not currently copyrighted); Their performance is dominated by an inherited... This article is about the Hindu deity. ...


Panthi, the folk dance of the Satnami community has religious overtones. Performed on Maghi Purnima - the anniversary of the birth of Guru Ghasidas. The dancers dance around a jaitkhamb set up for the occasion, to songs eulogising their spiritual head. The songs also reflect the Nirvana philosophy, conveying the spirit of renunciation of their Guru and the teachings of saint poets like Kabir, Ramdas and Dadu. Dancers with bent torsos and swinging arms continue to dance till carried away by their devotion. As the rhythm quickens, they indulge in acrobatics and form human pyramids. Guru Ghasidas (1756-1836) was the founder of the Satnami sect in Chhatisgarh. ... This article is about the Buddhist concept. ... A painting of Kabir Kabīr (also Kabīra) (Hindi: कबीर, Gurmukhī: ਕਬੀਰ, Urdu: ) (1440—1518[1]) (born in 1398 according to some accounts[1][2]) was a mystic poet or poet sants of India, whose literature has greatly influenced the Bhakti as well as Sufi movements of India. ...


Music

Main article: Music of Chhattisgarh

Pandavani a musical narration of the epic Mahabharata, Teejan Bai, the Pandavani artist was awarded Padma Bhushan in 2003, for her contribution to Pandavani. Ritu Verma is also a well known name [7]. Chhattisgarh is a state of India with strong tribal traditions of music and dance. ... For the film by Peter Brook, see The Mahabharata (1989 film). ... Teejan Bai is an exponent of Pandwani, a traditional performing art form in which she enacts the entire Mahabharata with musical accompaniment. ...


Chhattisgarh has rich traditional folk songs among which sohar, bihav & Pathoni songs are very famous.


Sohar songs are related to child birth. Bihav songs are related to marriage celebration. The main parts of Bihav songs are Chulmati, Telmati, Maymouri, Nahdouri, Parghani, Bhadoni and other songs related to Bhanver, Vidai songs.


Pathoni songs are related to Gouna that is departure of bride to bridegroom home.


There is a growing presence of Chhattisgarhi music and other cultural material on the web [8]


Status of women

In many ways, the women of Chhattisgarh enjoy a unique position within India. The proportion of women in the population is second highest among states in India. The percentage of females is higher than males in the rural population as compared to the urban. However, since this State is not a large one and this feature accords well with that of many smaller areas within larger States. The village society is little affected by classical doctrines of Hinduism and some customs and cultural practices may at first look seem unique, but regional variants are indeed common in India's diverse cultural pattern. As viewed in this light, one immediate observation may turn out to be that rural women here are though poor but are more independent, hardy, better organized and socially more vociferous and command more power in general compared to their counterparts in other parts of India, so much so that they can choose and even terminate a marriage at will. This assessment is not a consensual or firm one among sociologists, the other interpretation being that there are sections of women with similar practices, too, elsewhere in India. Most of the old temples/shrines here are related to 'women power' (e.g., Shabari, Mahamaya, Danteshwari, incidentally Hindu deities for rural and conventional 'lower' caste people, as often in the rest of India.). Hinduism is a religious tradition[1] that originated in the Indian subcontinent. ...


Another similar feature is that women here generally marry at a young age. Women aged between 20 to 49 years were found (in one particular study) to have married at median age of 15.4 years; and 34% of girls aged between 15 to 19 years are already married (according to Government). Further, there is widespread social belief in witchcraft in Chhattisgarh. Women are supposed to have access to supernatural forces, and often accused of witchcraft and called 'Tonhi' by people jealous of them. They are barbarically persecuted. Again, this is not a feature 'unique' to Chhattisgarh inasmuch it characterizes many communities which are only since recently coming under the influence of the larger, mainstream population due to what may be called the 'TV culture' which is spreading fast, with both sides of the demand and supply equation increasing.


Today, with increasing urbanization, industrialization and in- migration , many of the cultural concomitants of female subservience, common to non-rural India but hitherto unknown in Chhattisgarh, have started creeping in here. This cannot be a cause for any 'rural grievance' since populations across India, whether rural or urban, are under the same uniform effects of the aforesaid TV culture which seems inevitable, as India, as a democratically governed country attains greater uniformity in all aspects of political and social life.


The gender ratio (number females per 1000 males) has been steadily declining over the century in Chhattisgarh: 1046 in year 1901, 1032 in 1941, 996 in 1981 and 990 in 2001; but is better than the ratio for India: 972 in 1901, 945 in 1941, 934 in 1981 and 933 in 2001.


For further information, this 103 page report titled 'A situational analysis of women and girls in Chhattisgarh' can be seen which has been prepared in year 2004 by 'National Commission of Women', a statutory body belonging to government of India.[citation needed]. Chhattisgarh women are a great workforce capable of, rather doing on day to day basis very hard and tough work.


Language

Chhattisgarhi is a dialect of Hindi language or a language in its own right and it is spoken and understood by the majority of people in Chhattisgarh. Chhattisgarhi was also known as Khaltahi to surrounding Hill-people and as Laria to Oriya speakers. In Koria, Surguja and Jashpur, it appears as Surgujia sub-dialect. Including Chhattisgarhi, a total of 93 dialects or languages are spoken in the state which together represent all three of India's major language families except Tibeto-Burman: Munda (Austro-Asiatic languages), Dravidian and Indo-European. All these dialects use the devanagari script of Hindi irrespective of the language group to which they belong. Chhattisgarhi is mainly an IndoEuropean dialect/language with heavy presence of vocabulary and linguistic features from Munda and Dravidian languages. Chhattisgarhi is a language of India. ... Chhattisgarhi is a language of India. ... For dialects of programming languages, see Programming language dialect. ... The Tibeto-Burman linguistic subfamily of the proposed Sino-Tibetan language family is spoken in various central and south Asian countries: Myanmar (Burmese language), Tibet (Tibetan language), northern Thailand (Mong language), Nepal, Bhutan, India (Himachal Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura and the Ladakh region of... Munda Languages are spoken in north east India. ... Austro-Asiatic languages The Austro-Asiatic languages are a large language family of Southeast Asia, and also scattered throughout India and Bangladesh. ... For other uses, see Dravidian (disambiguation). ... The Indo-Iranian language group constitutes the easternmost extant branch of the Indo-European family of languages. ... () is an abugida script used to write several Indo-Aryan languages, including Sanskrit, Hindi, Gujarati,Marathi, Sindhi, Bihari, Bhili, Marwari, Konkani, Bhojpuri, Pahari (Garhwali and Kumaoni), Santhali, Nepali, Newari, Tharu and sometimes Kashmiri and Romani. ... Proto-Indo-European Indo-European studies Indo-European is originally a linguistic term, referring to the Indo-European language family. ... For the Hindu monster, see Munda (Hinduism), for Caesars battle see battle of Munda, and for the language family see Munda languages. ... Dravidian may refer to: Dravidian languages, including the Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, and Kannada languages spoken especially in southern India and Sri Lanka. ...


Classification

H.L.Shukla has given following classification to place some of dialects of Chhattisgarh in Munda, Dravidian and IndoEuropean language families: For the Hindu monster, see Munda (Hinduism), for Caesars battle see battle of Munda, and for the language family see Munda languages. ... Dravidian may refer to: Dravidian languages, including the Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, and Kannada languages spoken especially in southern India and Sri Lanka. ... Proto-Indo-European Indo-European studies Indo-European is originally a linguistic term, referring to the Indo-European language family. ...


Munda

 0)Pre-Munda | 1)Pre-Munda (Southern) 2)Pre-Munda (Northern) | | 1)Gadba 2)Kharia 1)Korku 2)Mawasi 3)Nihali 4)Pre-Kherwari | 1)Korba 2)Bidaho | 1)Nagesia 2)Sounta or Toori 3)Majhi 4)Majhwar 5)Kherwari 

For the Hindu monster, see Munda (Hinduism), for Caesars battle see battle of Munda, and for the language family see Munda languages. ...

Dravidian

 0)Pre-Dravid | 1)South-Central 2)Central 3)Northern | | | 1)Dormi 2)Dandami-Maria 3)Bhuria 4)Abujh-Maria 1)Parji or Dhurbi 1)Kurukh or Oraon 

Indo-European

 0)Indo-European | 0)Pre-Aryan | 1)Half-Magadhi 2)Magadhi 3)Pijani | | | 1)Eastern Hindi 1)Oriya 1)Halbi 2)Sadri | | 1)Chhattisgarhi 1)Bhatri 

This article is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ...

Language Extinction Issue

Since Sanskritized Khari Boli or Hindi is the language of India (and Chhattisgarh) for official use like recruitment, education and there is lack of local people (at least from all ethno-language groups) in the state/local administration; there is ongoing change in the linguistic profile of the state accelerated with more interaction with outside world and desire to get developed. Sanskrit ( , for short ) is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Jainism, and one of the 23 official languages of India. ... Hindi (DevanāgarÄ«: or , IAST: , IPA:  ), an Indo-European language spoken all over India in varying degrees and extensively in northern and central India, is one of the 22 official languages of India and is used, along with English, for central government administrative purposes. ...


In northern Chhattisgarh, dialects from all these three language groups are in use today; in middle part of Chhattisgarh, only Indo-European dialects have survived; and in southern Chhattisgarh, Dravidian and Indo-European dialects are in use.


According to H.L. Shukla: Munda dialects are progressing to the stage of becoming extinct; among Dravidian dialects, Parji is also facing extinction problem, Kurukh (Oraon) and Gondi are struggling; and IndoEuropean dialects are in the process of losing their features differentiating them from official Hindi, Khari Boli. Hindi (DevanāgarÄ«: or , IAST: , IPA:  ), an Indo-European language spoken all over India in varying degrees and extensively in northern and central India, is one of the 22 official languages of India and is used, along with English, for central government administrative purposes. ...


Munda Language Family

According to 1971 census of India, Korku was the major Munda dialect spoken by more than 200,000 people (It is not clear whether this count is for whole India or is specific to Chhattisgarh). Korku, Kharia and Korba are major Munda dialects in use in Chhattisgarh. Korku is a little-known tribe of Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra in India. ... Munda Languages are spoken in north east India. ...


Other than these three, Muasi, Toori (in Raigarh), Nihali-Mankari, Khaerwari, Birhord, Kodaku (Sarguja), Dhelki, Mahto, Kora-Majhi, Munda, Mundari and Santhali are other Munda dialects spoken in Chhattisgarh which are either sub-dialects of above stated three dialects or are different but in the stage of extinction.


The only known speaker of Gadba, a Munda dialect spoken in Bastar district, died at the age of 80 some years back, as noted by H.L.Shukla.


Dravidian Language Family

According to 1971 census of India, Kurukh or Oraon was mother-tongue of 300,609 people in Chhattisgarh and there were around 30,000 speakers of Parja or Dhurbi.


Gondi is the Dravidian language spoken by Gond tribals who call themselves Koitor or Koitol and therefor H.L. Shukla has called their language Koitor. H. L. Shukla identifies dialects such as Dormi, Dandami-Maria, Bhuria, Abujh-Maria, Koya, Ghotul-muriya and others under this language. According to 1961 census of India, there were 3,900,000 Koitor or Gond tribals in India. Two thirds of these Gond/Koitor tribals were distributed over Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh according to 1971 census. As of now, almost more than half of these tribals use the dialects in use in their respective areas (other than Koitor). (Mr. H.L.Shukla found that Near Bhopal (capital of Madhyapradesh) which was once the stronghold of Koitor people, one cannot hear Koitor dialect in the circumference of 100 km). , Madhya Pradesh (abbreviated as MP)   (HindÄ«: मध्य प्रदेश, English: , IPA: ), often called the Heart of India, is a state in central India. ... For other uses, see Bhopal (disambiguation). ...


Indo-European Languages

Among 93 dialects spoken in Chhattisgarh, 70 are classified as belonging to the Indo-European language family. Under Chhattisgarhi group, the dialects spoken by Agariya, Binjhwari, Baigani, Bhuliya, Lariya, Dhanwar, Panka, Dindwar and many other tribals are included. Proto-Indo-European Indo-European studies The Indo-European languages include some 443 (SIL estimate) languages and dialects spoken by about three billion people, including most of the major language families of Europe and western Asia, which belong to a single superfamily. ...


Sadri is the dialect understood by many of the different tribal groups. Sadri is the name given to the Indo-European dialect that is used by tribal people, when they do not use their own dialect, to communicate with other people. Sadri is in use from Chhattisgarh and Orissa to West-Bengal. Similarly, Halbi is understood by many of the different tribal groups in southern Chhattisgarh (earlier there were many different opinions about the language family of Halbi, but now it is usually accepted as an Indo-European dialect) - in 1951 census, it was found that more than 99% of Halbi speakers can speak at-least two dialects.Other major languages spoken in Chhattisgarh are Hindi,Oriya and Marathi. Sadri is a city and a municipality in Pali district in the Indian state of Rajasthan. ... Hindi (DevanāgarÄ«: or , IAST: , IPA:  ), an Indo-European language spoken all over India in varying degrees and extensively in northern and central India, is one of the 22 official languages of India and is used, along with English, for central government administrative purposes. ... Oriya is the official language of the Indian state of Orissa. ... Marathi is one of the widely spoken languages of India, and has a long literary history. ...


Notes

  1. ^ Columbia-Lippincott Gazeteer. (New York: Columbia University Press, 1952) p. 388
  2. ^ Columbia-Lippincott Gazeteer. p. 389
  3. ^ "Maoist Rebels Kill 49 Police Officers in India's Chhattisgarh", Bloomberg News, 2007-03-15. Retrieved on 2007-03-15. 
  4. ^ "Chhattisgarh Naxals attack toll rises to 49", PTI, 2007-03-15. Retrieved on 2007-03-15. 
  5. ^ "Naxals kill 50 security personnel in Chhattisgarh9{Lead: Chhattisgarh Naxal attack)", DailyIndia.com, 2007-03-15. Retrieved on 2007-03-15. 
  6. ^ Indian State to Plant 160 Million Jatropha Plants in Quest for Biofuel Self-Sufficiency (April 04 2006). Retrieved on 2006-11-15.
  7. ^ Pandavani
  8. ^ Chhattisgarhi Music.

Bloomberg Television is a cable television network that broadcasts business and financial news 24 hours a day. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 74th day of the year (75th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 74th day of the year (75th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 74th day of the year (75th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 74th day of the year (75th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 74th day of the year (75th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 74th day of the year (75th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 319th day of the year (320th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

References

  • Books on Chhattisgarhi Religion
    • Lawrence Babb, "The Divine Hierarchy: Popular Hinduism in Central India"
    • Saurabh Dube, "Untouchable Pasts: Religion, Identity and Power among a Central Indian Community, 1780-1950" (on the Satnamis)
    • Ramdas Lamb, "Rapt in the Name: Ramnamis, Ramnam and Untouchable Religion in Central India"
    • Chad Bauman, "Identifying the Satnam: Hindu Satnamis, Indian Christians, and Dalit Religion in Colonial Chhattisgarh, India (1868-1947) (Ph.D. dissertation, Princeton Theological Seminary, 2005)
  • Books by Indologist Prof H. L. Shukla :
    • "Chhattisgarh Rediscoverd" on oral history of the state, and
    • "History of the People of Bastar"
  • Folktales of Chhattisgarh
  • "Tribal History of Central India" by R.K. Sharma and S.K. Tiwari, Other link

External links

Photo Galleries Wikitravel is a project to create an open content, complete, up-to-date, and reliable world-wide travel guide. ...

Chhattisgarhi Language and Literature Samples

  • Madai Page in Deshbandhu
  • Chhattisgarhi Music in CGNET

Newspapers from Chhattisgarh

  • Chhattisgarhi and Chhattisgarh Online News (Hindi हिन्‍दी Chhattisgarhi छत्तीसगढ़ी)
  • Daily Chhattisgarh (in pdf format)
  • Daily Deshbandhu(also in pdf format)
  • Chhattisgarh news 24x7 in Hindi
  • Chhattisgarh News (Hindi हिन्‍दी)
India is a federal republic comprising twenty-eight states and seven union territories. ... Andhra redirects here. ... , Arunachal Pradesh   (Hindi:   ) is the easternmost state of India. ... , Assam (  ) (Assamese: অসম Ôxôm) is a north eastern state of India with its capital at Dispur, a suburb of the city Guwahati. ... For other uses, see Bihar (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Goa (disambiguation). ... This article is for the Indian state. ... For the town in Hoshiarpur district, see Hariana. ... , Himachal Pradesh (Hindi: हिमाचल प्रदेश, IPA:  ) is a state in the north-west of India. ... This article is about the area administered by India. ... , Jharkhand   (Hindi: झारखंड, Bengali: ঝাড়খণ্ড,IPA: ) is a state in eastern India. ... This article is about the Indian region. ... , Kerala ( ; Malayalam: കേരളം; ) is a state on the Malabar Coast of southwestern India. ... , Madhya Pradesh (abbreviated as MP)   (HindÄ«: मध्य प्रदेश, English: , IPA: ), often called the Heart of India, is a state in central India. ... , Maharashtra (Marathi: महाराष्ट्र , IPA  , translation: Great Nation) is Indias third largest state in area and second largest in population after Uttar Pradesh. ... , Manipur   (Bengali: মনিপুর, Meitei Mayek: mnipur) is a state in northeastern India making its capital in the city of Imphal. ... , Meghalaya   is a small state in north-eastern India. ... , Mizoram   is one of the Seven Sister States in northeastern India on the border with Myanmar. ... , Nagaland   is a hill state located in the far north-eastern part of India. ... , Orissa   (Oriya: ଓଡ଼ିଶା), is a state situated on the east coast of India. ... , This article is about the Indian state of Punjab. ... , Rājasthān (DevanāgarÄ«: राजस्थान, IPA: )   is the largest state of the Republic of India in terms of area. ... , Sikkim (Nepali:  , also Sikhim) is a landlocked Indian state nestled in the Himalayas. ... Tamil Nadu (தமிழ் நாடு, Land of the Tamils) is a state at the southern tip of India. ... Tripura   (Bengali: ত্রিপুরা, Hindi: त्रिपुरा) is a state in North East India. ... , Uttar Pradesh (Hindi: , Urdu: , IPA:  , translation: Northern Province), [often referred to as U.P.], located in central-south Asia and northern India, is the most populous and fifth largest state in the Republic of India. ... , Uttarakhand (Hindi: उत्तराखण्ड or उत्तराखंड), is a state located in the northern part of India. ... , West Bengal (Bengali: পশ্চিমবঙ্গ Poshchimbôŋgo) is a state in eastern India. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_India. ... A Union Territory is an administrative division of India. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Andaman Islands. ... , Chandigarh,  (Punjabi: , Hindi: ) also called City Beautiful, is a city in India that serves as the capital of two states, Punjab and Haryana, and is a union territory of India. ... Dadra and Nagar Haveli (Gujarati: દાદરા અને નગર હવેલી, Hindi: दादरा और नगर हवेली, Urdu: دادرہ اور نگر حویلی, Portuguese: Dadrá e Nagar-Aveli) is a Union Territory in western India. ... , For other uses, see Delhi (disambiguation). ... Daman and Diu (Portuguese: Gujarati is the main language; use of Portuguese is declining because it is not official or taught at school (but still spoken by 10% in Daman). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about the Union Territory. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Chhattisgarh people's website (1405 words)
Chhattisgarh has the highest rate of farmer suicide: But the figures are fudged!
Recovering The Lost Tongue - a riveting account of the environmental mass movements in Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh with an incisive critical analysis of their contribution to the milieu of modern India written by one of the activists of these movements.
Forest Development Corporation (Chhattisgarh Rajya Van Vikas Nigam Limited) is felling Natural Sal and Mixed forests on a huge scale in Koriya, Sarguja and Kwardha districts of Chhattisgarh since December 2005.
Chhattisgarh - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1584 words)
Chhattisgarh is one of the least developed states of India.
Chhattisgarh is a favorite of anthropologists and sociologists due to its relevant profile.
Chhattisgarh Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu and Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Orissa Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu • Tripura Uttaranchal Uttar Pradesh • West Bengal
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m