FACTOID # 10: The total number of state executions in 2005 was 60: 19 in Texas and 41 elsewhere. The racial split was 19 Black and 41 White.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Chevrolet Monza
Chevrolet Monza
Chevrolet Monza 2+2
Manufacturer Chevrolet
Parent company General Motors
Production 1975–1980
Assembly Lordstown, Ohio
Ramos Arizpe, Mexico
Sainte-Thérèse, Quebec, Canada
Predecessor Chevrolet Vega
Successor Chevrolet Cavalier
Class Subcompact
Body style(s) 3-door 2+2 hatchback
2-door coupé
3-door hatchback
2-door station wagon
Layout FR layout
Platform H-body
Engine(s) 140 in³ I4
151 in³ I4
196 in³ V6
231 in³ V6
262 in³ V8
305 in³ V8
350 in³ V8
Transmission(s) 4-speed manual
5-speed manual
3-speed automatic
Related Chevrolet Vega
Pontiac Astre
Pontiac Sunbird
Buick Skyhawk
Oldsmobile Starfire

The Chevrolet Monza was a rear-wheel drive subcompact sporty car introduced in the fall of 1974 as a 1975 model, along with its corporate clones, the Oldsmobile Starfire and the Buick Skyhawk. It was originally intended to compete with other small sporty cars, such as the Toyota Celica, Capri, Opel 1900 Coupe/Manta, and especially the new down-sized Ford Mustang II, as well as the rotary-engined Mazda RX-2, Rx-3 and Rx-4 coupes. The Monza nameplate was originally used on the 1960 through 1969 Chevrolet Corvair. Image File history File links Derived from public domain images featured at: http://commons. ... Image File history File links Wikitext. ... Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... Prose is writing distinguished from poetry by its greater variety of rhythm and its closer resemblance to everyday speech. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2848x2136, 1441 KB) Summary chevrolet monza 2+2 Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Automakers, also known as carmakers, automobile manufacturers, motor manufacturers, or the automobile industry are companies that design and manufacture automobiles. ... Chevrolet (IPA: - French origin) (colloquially Chevy) is a brand of automobile, produced by General Motors (GM). ... General Motors Corporation, also known as GM, an American multinational corporation, is the worlds largest auto company by production volume for the first 9 months of 2007, and by sales volume for 76 consecutive years. ... Lordstown Complex East and Lordstown Metal Center (formerly known as Lordstown Assembly) are part of a General Motors automobile factory in Lordstown, Ohio. ... Ramos Arizpe (RAH-mos ah-REES-pe) is a city and its surrounding municipality in the Mexican state of Coahuila. ... Sainte Therese Assembly was a General Motors Canada automobile factory, which opened in 1966. ... The then-innovative Chevrolet Vega was a subcompact car sold from 1971 through 1977. ... The Chevrolet Cavalier was Chevrolets version of the compact GM J platform. ... Car classification is subjective since many vehicles fall into multiple categories. ... A subcompact car is a car in a vehicle size class smaller than a compact car, but larger than a microcar. ... Cars can come in a large variety of different body styles. ... Renault Megane hatchback, a proper hatchback which has shown huge success in Europe Peugeot 306 hatchback, with the hatch lifted and the parcel shelf tilted for access Hatchback is a term designating an automobile design, containing a passenger cabin with an integrated cargo space, accessed from behind the vehicle by... The Peugeot 406 Coupé, designed by Pininfarina 1990 Mercedes-Benz 560SEC coupé, noted for its large, angular design 1997 Rover Vitesse Coupe, club coupé Rover P5 Coupe, a traditional four-door coupé Mercedes CLS, a modern four-door coupé Gala-Coupé of Leopold II, Brussels 1970s Sunbeam Alpine fastback coup... Renault Megane hatchback, a proper hatchback which has shown huge success in Europe Peugeot 306 hatchback, with the hatch lifted and the parcel shelf tilted for access Hatchback is a term designating an automobile design, containing a passenger cabin with an integrated cargo space, accessed from behind the vehicle by... Estate car body style (Saab 95) A station wagon (United States usage), wagon (Australian usage, though station wagon is widely used) or estate car (United Kingdom usage) is a car body style similar to a sedan car but with an extended rear cargo area. ... In automobile design layout is the place where both the engine and driven wheels are. ... Sketch of FR layout In automobile design, an FR, or front-engine, rear wheel drive means a layout where the engine is in the front of the vehicle and drive wheels at the rear. ... An automobile platform is a shared set of components common to a number of different automobiles. ... The H platform, or H-body, name has been used twice by General Motors. ... The straight-4 or inline-4 is an internal combustion engine with four cylinders aligned in one row. ... The straight-4 or inline-4 is an internal combustion engine with four cylinders aligned in one row. ... The Ford Essex V6 engine V6 and V-6 redirect here. ... The Ford Essex V6 engine V6 and V-6 redirect here. ... The Liberty V8 aircraft engine clearly shows the configuration A V8 engine is a V engine with eight cylinders. ... The Liberty V8 aircraft engine clearly shows the configuration A V8 engine is a V engine with eight cylinders. ... The Liberty V8 aircraft engine clearly shows the configuration A V8 engine is a V engine with eight cylinders. ... “Gearbox” redirects here. ... A manual transmission (also known as a stick shift, straight drive, or standard transmission) is a type of transmission used in automotive applications. ... A manual transmission (also known as a stick shift, straight drive, or standard transmission) is a type of transmission used in automotive applications. ... The automatic gear selector in a Ford Five Hundred vehicle An automatic transmission (commonly abbreviated as AT) is an automobile gearbox that can change gear ratios automatically as the vehicle moves, thus freeing the driver from having to shift gears manually (similar but larger devices are also used for railroad... The then-innovative Chevrolet Vega was a subcompact car sold from 1971 through 1977. ... The Chevrolet Vega (Pontiacs version was known as the Pontiac Astre) was a compact coupe and station wagon sold from 1971 through 1977 as a replacement for the ill-fated Chevrolet Corvair. ... There have been two different vehicles bearing the name Pontiac Sunbird. ... There have been two small cars from Buick called the SkyHawk or Skyhawk: 1975-1980 RWD Chevrolet Monza clone (H-body) 1982-1989 FWD Chevrolet Cavalier clone (J-body) Categories: Buick vehicles | Front wheel drive vehicles | Rear wheel drive vehicles ... The Chevrolet Monza was a rear wheel drive hatchback, coupe and wagon sold from 1975 through 1980. ... Year 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the 1974 Gregorian calendar. ... For the high-performance versions of the Celica, see Toyota Celica GT-Four. ... Ford Capri Mk III 1. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Mazda RX-2 was a midsize car introduced in 1970 and sold through 1978. ... The Mazda RX-3 was an automobile sold in the 1970s. ... The Mazda RX-4 (called the Luce Rotary in Japan) was a larger car than its rotary-powered contemporaries, the Capella-based RX-2 and Familia-based RX-3. ... Corvair convertible The Chevrolet Corvair was an automobile produced by the Chevrolet division of General Motors from 1960 to 1969. ...


Oldsmobile had previously used the Starfire nameplate from 1954 to 1957 on the flagship Ninety-Eight convertible, and then again from 1961 to 1966 on a specially trimmed hardtop and convertible based on the B-body Oldsmobile 88 featuring a distinctive roofline, leather bucket seats, console and sporty/luxury trim as an early entry in the personal-luxury car market created with the 1958 Ford Thunderbird before the advent of the front-drive Oldsmobile Toronado in 1966. The Ford Thunderbird was a car manufactured in the United States by the Ford Motor Company. ... The Toronado was produced by the Oldsmobile Division of General Motors from 1966 to 1992. ...


Based on the same chassis as the Chevrolet Vega (and Pontiac Astre), the General Motors H-platform, Chevrolet had originally planned to power the Monza with an all-new version of the Wankel rotary engine which delivered high performance from an engine much smaller than a conventional piston engine capable of developing the same amount of power.


Developmental problems with the rotary engine (not terribly different from those encountered by Mazda, the major proponent of the Wankel rotary engine) led General Motors and Chevrolet to abandon the rotary engine. Notable issues included premature failure on engine seals and poor fuel economy. The latter was compounded at a time of comparatively high fuel prices following the Arab oil boycotts of 1973 and 1974. In addition, General Motor's abandonment of the rotary engine greatly affected American Motors Corporation. AMC designed the 1975 Pacer to utilize GM's rotary engine, which AMC had an agreement to purchase the engine from General Motors. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The AMC Pacer was a two-door compact automobile produced in the United States by the American Motors Corporation between 1975 and 1980. ...


The Chevrolet Monza was originally offered in a 2-door fastback hatchback coupe bodystyle (which it shared with the Oldsmobile Starfire and Buick Skyhawk) that was referred to as the “2 + 2 Coupe” in sales literature. Initially there was a bare-bones Monza ‘S’ 2+2 model and a better-equipped plain Monza 2+2.


The Oldsmobile Starfire would be the smallest car bearing the Oldsmobile name since before World War II and the Buick Skyhawk was the smallest car to wear the Buick badge in more than 60 years.


Though the Skyhawk would be sold alongside the Opel Manta for 1975, it would ultimately replace the Manta as the small sporty car offering from Buick-Opel dealers in the U.S. Currency exchange rates had increased the price of European Opels to the point where they were not competitive with Japanese and American cars. The Opel Manta was a rear-wheel-drive sports coupé motor vehicle built by Opel, a subsidiary of General Motors, from 1970 to 1988. ...


Since the rotary engine was cancelled, the base engine for the Monza was the same conventional 2.3 liter (140 cid) inline 4-cylinder (I4) engine, with a single barrel carburetor generating 78 horsepower @ 4200 rpm, shared with the Vega. Optional was the same basic engine with a 2-barrel carburetor that generated 87 horsepower @ 4400 rpm. Ironic, since many buyers had heard of the rapid engine wear problems with the Vega and bought this car as an alternative, only to get the same engine.


Also optional was Chevrolet’s 4.3 liter (262 cid) V-8 engine with a Rochester 2-barrel carburetor that generated 110 horsepower @ 3600 rpm. Monzas sold in California and high altitude areas of the U.S. were availabile with a version of the 5.7 liter (350 cid) V-8 engine with a 2-barrel carburetor tuned to just 125 hp (93 kW).


The V-8 engine resulted in a very crowded engine bay. One of the spark plugs could only be accessed through the driver's side wheel well by jacking up the engine. Frequently the spark plug was not accessed at all. The comparatively heavy V-8 engine in the small Chevrolet Monza led to severe driveline vibrations due to a sagging front frame and suspension.


The Buick Skyhawk and Oldsmobile Starfire used the Buick-designed 3.8 liter (231 cid) V6 engine using a 2-barrel carburetor that generated 110 net horsepower @ 4000 rpm. The Buick V6 engine family, initially marketed as the Fireball at its introduction in 1962, is a large V6 engine used by General Motors. ...


The 1975 Monza 2+2, Buick Skyhawk and Oldsmobile Starfire, along with several GM full-size models, were the first cars to adopt the newly approved quad rectangular headlamps and had a strong resemblance to the Ferrari 365 GTC/4. The Monza 2+2 was 4 inches longer and weighed 180 pounds more than the Vega. This was the first GM product to incorporate a torque arm rear suspension (rear coil springs with 2 links) - its design was later incorporated into GM's third and fourth generation F-bodies (Camaro and Firebird).


The Chevrolet Monza 2+2 won Motor Trend magazine's Car of the Year award for 1975.


In April of 1975, a third Monza was added to the line. This was the Monza ‘S’ Towne Coupe, a notchback coupe with a conventional trunk that used completely different sheet metal than the 2+2 hatchback coupes. It featured single round headlamps, instead of the dual rectangular headlamps found on the 2+2. The Towne Coupe was built in response to the sales success of the Ford Mustang II notchback coupe, especially the luxury version, the Mustang II Ghia. In many ways, the Towne Coupe looked like a cleaned-up version of the Mustang II notchback coupe, with styling features borrowed from Chevrolet’s own redesigned-for-1975 Nova. The Monza Towne Coupe was 1.5 inches shorter and 135 pounds lighter than the Monza 2+2 and had slightly more head room.


Production of the Chevrolet Monza for the 1975 model year totaled 66,615 (with 41,658 equipped with 4-cylinder engines and 24,957 equipped with V-8s).


In 1976 saw the introduction of Chevrolet’s new 5.0 liter (305 cid) V-8 engine with a 2-barrel carburetor generating 140 horsepower @ 3800 rpm replacing the previous 5.7 liter V-8, but only for California and high altitude customers. The rest of the world was limited to the I4 and 262 V8 until the following year, when the 262 was discontinued.


Late in the 1976 model year, a Sport Front End Appearance option package made the quad-headlamp front end clip from the 2+2 Hatchback available on the notchback Towne Coupe.


The Monza Spyder option package was first offered for the 1976 model year and would be offered throught the 1980 model year. It featured 2-barrel carburetor version of the 4-cylinder engine as standard, along with a floor console, F41 suspension with large front and rear stabilizer bars, special shock absorbers, and a host of appearance features that distinguished it from other Monzas. The Monza Spyder nameplate was originally used to designate the high performance turbocharged Corvair model produced from 1962 through 1964 model years.


1976 saw Pontiac get a version of Monza, the Pontiac Sunbird. Initially available as a notchback coupe which shared its body with the Monza Towne Coupe, the Sunbird had unique front-end styling using quad rectangular headlamps and a split grill design. The Sunbird came with the same 4-cylinder engine as the Monza as standard. The 2-barrel carburetor was an option on the 4 and the 3.8 liter (231 cid) V-6 engine found in the Buick Skyhawk and Oldsmobile Starfire was also available as an option.


From 1977 through 1979, there was only one V-8 engine available in the Monza, the 5.0 liter (305 cid) V-8.


The Monza Mirage was produced in 1977 only, by Michigan Auto Techniques, an aftermarket company contracted by GM. The Mirage was painted cameo white, with red and blue racing stripes along the length of the car. It also featured flared body panels, and a special airdam & spoiler. The vehicles were built in GM's St. Therese plant, and sent to MAT for modification, after which they would ship to the dealer. There were approx 4,097 Mirages made from MAT, but there were also Mirages created by dealerships, which were un-traceable. There are only an estimated 25 to 30 Mirages left in running order.


1977 saw the Pontiac Sunbird get the 2+2 hatchback coupe body-style, in addition to the notchback coupe. The Sunbird hatchback used the same front end clip as the notchback coupe. The 2.5 liter (151 cid) “Iron Duke” 4-cylinder engine using a 2-barrel Holley carburetor and generating 90 horsepower @ 4400 rpm became the new standard engine for the Sunbird, however the 2 versions of the old 2.3 liter (140 cid) aluminum 4-cylinder engine with 1 or 2-barrel carburetors were still available as options, as was the more powerful 3.8 liter (231 cid) V-6.


The 2.3 liter (140 cid) aluminum inline 4-cylinder engine with 2-barrel carburetor became standard on the Oldsmobile Starfire for 1977, while the Buick 3.8 liter (231 cid) V-6 became an option.


For the 1978 model year, the Monza would receive a fairly significant facelift. Sport models, available in 2+2 hatchback coupe or notchback coupe body-styles, used a modified version of the previous quad rectangular headlamps, now above a full-width open-slot grill.


The base ‘S’ models all adopted a new front end with large round headlamps. The Chevrolet Vega and Pontiac Astre had been discontinued at the end of the 1977 model year and the Vega’s hatchback coupe and 2-door station wagon (Kammback) bodies were added to the Monza ‘S’ line and given Monza ‘S’ front end clips. The Monza ‘S’ was available in 4 body-styles, the previous 2+2 hatchback coupe, the previous notchback coupe, and the new hatchback coupe and a 2-door station wagon that had previously been available as the Vega.


The Pontiac Sunbird line-up grew to add the hatchback coupe and Kammback station wagon models from the Astre line as Sunbird models, but they kept the old Astre front end clips.


The 1978 Chevrolet Monza ‘S’ and Pontiac Sunbird effectively replaced the Chevrolet Vega and Pontiac Astre.


The base 2.3 liter engines were discontinued for 1978 and replaced by the 2.5 liter (151 cid) Iron Duke 4-cylinder engines in all Monzas, Sunbirds, and Starfires.


New engine options for the Monza for 1978 were a Chevrolet-designed 3.2 liter (196 cid) V-6 engine with a 2-barrel carburetor that produced 90 horsepower @ 3600 rpm. Replacing the 3.2 liter V-6 in California and high-altitude areas was Buick’s 3.8 liter (231 cid) V-6 engine. Four-cylinder engines and the 3.2 liter V-6 were not available in high-altitude areas. The V-8 engine option was only available on the 2+2 hatchback coupe and the notchback coupe.


The Chevrolet-designed 5.0 liter (305 cid) V-8 engine became available as an option in the Oldsmobile Starfire.


For the 1979 model year, the Monza ‘S’ hatchback coupe body-style that had previously belonged to the Vega was discontinued, along with the Monza Sport notchback coupe. This left the Monza ‘S’ 2+2 hatchback coupe, notchback coupe, station wagon and the Monza Sport 2+2 hatchback coupe.


The Chevrolet-designed 5.0 liter (305 cid) V-8 engine was available as an option in the Pontiac Sunbird hatchback and the notchback coupe and the Astre-based hatchback coupe was discontinued.


The 1980 model year was the last one for the Chevrolet Monza and its derivatives. The Monza ‘S’ station wagon was dropped, as was the 3.2 liter (196 cid) V-6 engine. While the 2.5 liter (151 cid) 4 remained as standard, the only available engine option was the 3.8 liter (231 cid) Buick-designed V-6. The lineup consisted of a Monza Sport 2+2 hatchback coupe and Monza ‘S’ 2+2 hatchback coupe and notchback coupe.


The Pontiac Sunbird station wagon wagon dropped. The V-8 engine option was dropped from the Chevrolet Monza, Pontiac Sunbird and Oldsmobile Starfire.

Wynn's DeKon Monza
Wynn's DeKon Monza

The H-body Monza, Starfire, Skyhawk, and Sunbird were replaced in the spring of 1981 with the new front-wheel drive J-cars which were designated as early 1982 models including, the Chevrolet Cavalier, Oldsmobile Firenza, Buick Skyhawk, and the Pontiac J2000. Oldsmobile has previously used the Firenza name as an option package on the Starfire. The Pontiac J2000 would become the Pontiac 2000 and a convertible model would be called the Pontiac 2000 Sunbird. Eventually all 2000s would be renamed Sunbird, and then later Sunfire. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 1 MB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Photograph I took at the 2007 24 Hours of Daytona at a historics display. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 1 MB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Photograph I took at the 2007 24 Hours of Daytona at a historics display. ... Front-wheel drive is the most common form of engine/transmission layout used in modern passenger cars, where the engine drives the front wheels. ... The J platform, or J-body, was General Motors inexpensive front wheel drive automobile platform from the 1980s and 1990s. ... The Chevrolet Cavalier was Chevrolets version of the compact GM J platform. ... The Oldsmobile Firenza was a compact car produced by the Oldsmobile division of General Motors from 1982 to 1988. ... There have been two small cars from Buick called the SkyHawk or Skyhawk: 1975-1980 RWD Chevrolet Monza clone (H-body) 1982-1989 FWD Chevrolet Cavalier clone (J-body) Categories: Buick vehicles | Front wheel drive vehicles | Rear wheel drive vehicles ... There have been two different vehicles bearing the name, Pontiac Sunbird. ...


Because the forthcoming J-body cars were to be sold as 1982 models, there was an unusually long production run of 1980 H-body models in order to provide sufficient inventory to carry dealers into the 1981 model year.


A modified version of the car, known as the Dekon Monza, was raced in the IMSA Camel GT road racing series in the United States. IMSA logo The International Motor Sports Association (generally referred to as IMSA) is an American auto racing sanctioning body based in Braselton, Georgia. ...


Brazil

In Brazil, the Chevrolet Monza name was used on GM Brazil's J-car, which was based on the Opel Ascona C, but featured initially a three-door fastback. Later, a four-door sedan version was introduced. A two-door coupé eventually replaced the hatchback model. This was produced from 1982 to 1996, when it was replaced by the Chevrolet Vectra. The Opel Ascona was a midsized car produced by Opel, the German subsidiary of General Motors. ... The Opel Vectra is a large family car produced by Opel, the main European subsidiary of General Motors. ...


Mexico

From model year 1997 until 2003, General Motors Mexico used the Monza name on a sedan version of the Opel Corsa, the 2004 to present model is a Chevrolet C2 sedan. The Opel Corsa is a supermini that has been produced by General Motors European subsidiary Opel since 1982. ... The Opel Corsa is a supermini that has been produced by General Motors European subsidiary Opel since 1983. ...


Sources

  • Flammang, James M. & Kowlake, Ron, Standard Catalog of American Cars: 1976-199, 3rd Edition (Iola, WI: Krause Publications, 1999)
  • Gunnell, John, Standard Catalog of American Cars: 1946-1975, Revised 4th Edition (Iola, WI: Krause Publications, 2002)

External links


 v  d  e Chevrolet, a division of General Motors, road car timeline, United States market, 1980s-present
Type 1980s 1990s 2000s
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Subcompact Monza Sprint Geo Metro Geo Metro / Metro Aveo
Chevette
Spectrum Geo Storm
Nova Geo Prizm
Compact Citation Geo Prizm Prizm Cobalt
HHR
Cavalier Cavalier Cavalier
Mid-size Malibu Corsica / Beretta Malibu Malibu Malibu
Impala Impala
Monte Carlo Monte Carlo Monte Carlo
Celebrity Lumina Lumina
Full-size Caprice Caprice
Impala Impala SS
Sports Camaro Camaro Camaro Camaro
Corvette Corvette Corvette Corvette

  Results from FactBites:
 
Chevrolet Monza - definition of Chevrolet Monza in Encyclopedia (505 words)
The Chevrolet Monza was a rear wheel drive hatchback, coupe and wagon sold from 1975 through 1980.
It replaced the Chevrolet Vega, with three years of overlap, and was based on the same GM H platform.
The H-body Monza, Starfire, SkyHawk, and Sunbird were replaced for 1981 with the new front wheel drive J-body cars, the Chevrolet Cavalier, Oldsmobile Firenza, Buick Skyhawk, and Pontiac J2000 (which became the Sunbird again in 1983).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m