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Encyclopedia > Chevrolet Citation
Chevrolet Citation
Manufacturer Chevrolet
Parent company General Motors
Also called Chevrolet Citation II
Production 1980–1985
Assembly Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
Predecessor Chevrolet Nova
Successor Chevrolet Beretta
Chevrolet Corsica
Class Compact
Body style(s) 2-door notchback
3-door hatchback
5-door hatchback
Layout FF layout
Platform X-body
Related Buick Skylark
Oldsmobile Omega
Pontiac Phoenix

The Chevrolet Citation was a compact car sold by the Chevrolet brand of American automaker General Motors from 1980 through 1985. The Citation (originally to be the "Condor") and its X-body siblings (the Buick Skylark, Oldsmobile Omega, and the Pontiac Phoenix), were among the first compact front wheel drive vehicles sold by GM. In anticipating consumer demand for smaller cars, GM switched from V8 engines to smaller, more economical V6 and 4-cylinder engines. The X-body cars were some 800 lb (363 kg) lighter than the rear-drive compacts they replaced. The Citation was Motor Trend magazine's Car of the Year for 1980. 1980 model sales were brisk and the production lines were unable to keep up with the demand, causing significant delays in delivery to customers; some had to wait nine months to receive their vehicle. The Citation was also Chevrolet's first front-wheel drive car. Chevrolet Citation 84 This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Automakers, also known as carmakers, automobile manufacturers, motor manufacturers, or the automobile industry are companies that design and manufacture automobiles. ... Chevrolet (IPA: ʃɛv. ... General Motors Corporation, also known as GM, is the worlds largest auto company by annual production volume as of 2006, and the second largest by sales volume as of the first half of 2007, behind Toyota Motor Corporation. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... The Chevrolet Nova or Chevy II was an American compact car introduced by the Chevrolet division of General Motors in 1962. ... The Chevrolet Beretta was a front wheel drive coupé produced by the Chevrolet division of General Motors from 1987 through 1996. ... The Chevrolet Corsica is a front-wheel drive compact* automobile that was produced by General Motors from 1987 to 1996. ... Car classification is subjective since many vehicles fall into multiple categories. ... The Rambler American introduced in the late 1950s was an early compact car. ... Cars can come in a large variety of different body styles. ... Notchback is a form of automobile body that is characterized by a sharp vertical drop-off from roof to trunk, as opposed to hatchback or fastback. ... Peugeot 306 hatchback, with the hatch lifted and the parcel shelf tilted for access Not a hatchback: a fastback shape like this 2004 Bentley Continental GT can be confused with a true hatchback Hatchback is a term describing an automobile design, consisting of a passenger cabin with an integrated cargo... Peugeot 306 hatchback, with the hatch lifted and the parcel shelf tilted for access Not a hatchback: a fastback shape like this 2004 Bentley Continental GT can be confused with a true hatchback Hatchback is a term describing an automobile design, consisting of a passenger cabin with an integrated cargo... In automobile design layout is the place where both the engine and driven wheels are. ... In automobile design, an FF, or Front-engine, Front wheel drive, layout places both the engine and driven wheels at the front of the vehicle. ... An automobile platform is a shared set of components common to a number of different automobiles. ... There have been two X-body automobile platforms from General Motors. ... The Buick Skylark was a passenger car produced by the Buick division of General Motors. ... The Oldsmobile Omega was a compact car sold from 1973 through 1984 by the Oldsmobile division of General Motors. ... 1980 Pontiac Phoenix The Pontiac Phoenix was a compact car sold from 1977 to 1984 by the Pontiac division of General Motors. ... The Rambler American introduced in the late 1950s was an early compact car. ... Chevrolet (IPA: ʃɛv. ... General Motors Corporation, also known as GM, is the worlds largest auto company by annual production volume as of 2006, and the second largest by sales volume as of the first half of 2007, behind Toyota Motor Corporation. ... There have been two X-body automobile platforms from General Motors. ... The Buick Skylark was a passenger car produced by the Buick division of General Motors. ... The Oldsmobile Omega was a compact car sold from 1973 through 1984 by the Oldsmobile division of General Motors. ... 1980 Pontiac Phoenix The Pontiac Phoenix was a compact car sold from 1977 to 1984 by the Pontiac division of General Motors. ... Front wheel drive is the most common form of engine/transmission layout used in modern passenger cars, where the engine drives the front wheels. ... The Liberty V8 aircraft engine clearly shows the configuration, although modern automotive versions use a 90 degree block angle. ... The Ford Essex V6 engine V6 and V-6 redirect here. ... The straight-4 or inline-4 is an internal combustion engine with four cylinders aligned in one row. ... The pound (abbreviations: lb or, sometimes in the United States, #) is a unit of mass (called weight in everyday parlance) in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... The U.S. National Prototype Kilogram, which currently serves as the primary standard for measuring mass in the U.S. It was assigned to the United States in 1889 and is periodically recertified and traceable to the primary international standard, The Kilogram, held at the Bureau International des Poids et... Motor Trend is one of the oldest automotive magazines still publishing. ... Car of the Year is a phrase usually considered to have been invented by Motor Trend magazine in the 1950s for their annual award for best automobile. ...

Contents

History

Planning for this family of vehicles started in April 1974. The first prototypes were created in mid-summer 1976, and the Citation was released in April 1979 as an early 1980 model. The Citation's initial retail price was under US$6,000. Three body styles were available, a 2-door coupe, 3-door hatchback and a 5-door hatchback. The front wheel drive design and hatchback bodies were a radical departure for the American industry, and GM was widely praised for the X-body's efficient packaging and smaller engines. The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States. ...


Sales decline

The X-body cars were the target of an unsuccessful lawsuit by NHTSA, which cited a tendency to lose control under heavy braking. The X-body cars were, however, recalled many times and the Citation's reputation took a beating, resulting in decreasing sales every year. The 1984 and 1985 models were badged Citation II in a halfhearted attempt to convince consumers that the vehicle's problems had been overcome to the extent that the car deserved a new name. The introduction of Chrysler's similarly packaged, but more conventionally styled K-cars (the Dodge Aries and Plymouth Reliant) for 1981, along with the GM J platform models also ate into sales of the Citation. There have been two X-body automobile platforms from General Motors. ... The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA, often pronounced nit-suh) is a U.S. Government agency, part of the Department of Transportation, responsible for setting safety standards and verifying compliance by automobile manufacturers. ... There have been two X-body automobile platforms from General Motors. ... For other uses, including the Chrysler Brand, see Chrysler (disambiguation). ... 1987 Plymouth Reliant K The Chrysler Corporations K-Car platform of the 1980s ranks as one of the most overt uses of platform sharing in automotive history. ... The Dodge Aries was an automobile sold by the Chrysler Corporation from 1981 to 1989. ... The Plymouth Reliant was one of the first two so-called K-cars (the other being the Dodge Aries) the Chrysler Corporation introduced for the 1981 model year. ... The J platform, or J-body, was General Motors inexpensive front wheel drive automobile platform from the 1980s and 1990s. ...


The 2-door coupe was regarded by many as awkward looking, and after slow sales was dropped for 1981. However, it was reintroduced for 1982.


Design and replacements

In addition to the X platform, GM also created a new line of engines for the Citation and its sisters. The 2.8 L LE2 V6 was the first of the 60° family of engines still in use today. The X platform was used in 1982 as the basis for the new front-wheel drive A-body cars. The X platform was also the basis for the future L-body and N-body cars. The General Motors 60° V6 family of engines began with the 1980 Chevrolet 2. ... The Ford Essex V6 engine V6 and V-6 redirect here. ... The General Motors 60° V6 family of engines began with the 1980 Chevrolet 2. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into List of GM platforms. ... The General Motors L platform (commonly called the L-body) was a midsize car automobile platform produced from 1987 through 1996. ... The General Motors N platform (commonly called the N-body) was a front wheel drive compact car automobile platform produced from 1985 to 2006. ...


The Citation was dropped after the 1985 model year, ultimately replaced by the L-body Beretta coupe and Corsica sedan in 1988. The Chevrolet Beretta was a front wheel drive coupé produced by the Chevrolet division of General Motors from 1987 through 1996. ... 1995 Buick Riviera coupe A coupé (from the French for cut) or coupe is a two or four-seater car with a fixed roof and two doors. ... The Chevrolet Corsica is a front-wheel drive compact* automobile that was produced by General Motors from 1987 to 1996. ... A notchback full-size luxury sedan. ...


X-11

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...


In 1979, GM wanted to race the Citation in the SSB/SCCA class and a requirement of the SSB/SCCA rules was to produce a production model of the race car.


The 1980 Citation X-11 had front and back stabilizer bars, standard 4 speed overdrive manual or the optional 3 speed automatic, sport type suspension, Goodyear P205/70R-13 white lettered tires with rally wheel trim, a rear spoiler, side striping, black grill and body accents, sport steering wheel, body-color dual sport mirrors, Special full Instrumentation with a 6000 RPM tach, a 2-bbl LE2 2.8 V6 litre engine that produced 115 horsepower.The 1980 Citation X-11 transmissions had special gearing to allow 60 mph in second and a move up of first to help fill the stretch. The 1980 Citation X-11 was available only on the 2-Door Hatchback Coupe and Claret Club Coupe (Notchback).


The 1981 to 1985 Citation X-11 models had legitimate performance upgrades such as a 2-bbl 2.8 V6 High Output engine, including F41 sport suspension, rear spoiler, special axle ratios, Special full Instrumentation with a 7000 RPM tach, front and back stabilizer bars, 14" specific alloy wheels with the word citation engraved, Good Year Eagle GT P215/60 R14 on radial tires, functional fiberglass cowl induction hood with High Output V6 Logo and also on the air filter housing on the 81-84 X-11 models, dual sport mirrors, strobe" style X-11 graphics on the lower side doors and rear spoiler, standard 4 speed overdrive manual or the optional 3 speed automatic both with special gearing. The 1985 Citation X-11 had a MPFI version of the 2.8L V6 LB6 and a non functional fiberglass cowl induction with 2.8 F.I. Multiport Logo. The 4 speed manual overdrive was dropped on the 1985 X-11 and the only transmission available was the 3 speed or optional 4 speed automatic transmission.


The 2.8 V6 H.O. LH7 engine was more powerful in the 1981 version of the X-11 and most desirable which produce 135 horsepower and 165 ft of torque which it went from 0-60 in 8.5 sec. The 1982 thru 1984 versions of the 2.8 V6 H.O. LH7 produced 135 horsepower and it was down to 145 ft of torque due to emission regulation which it went from 0-60 in 9.2 sec. The Citation X-11 1985 had a multi-port fuel injected 2.8 V6 LB6 engine which produced 130 horsepower and 155 ft of torque. The 1981 Citation X-11 is faster than the 1985 Citation X-11



X-11 Production Numbers by Year:


1981 : 11,631


1982 : 3,864


1983 : 1,934


1984 : 1,458


1985 : 1,687


External links

  • Citation X-11 History
  • Chevy Citations Forever Yahoo Group
  • Team Yo! Rallysport
  • Chevy Citation Forever
  • Chevy Citation Forever Forum


 v  d  e Chevrolet, a division of General Motors, road car timeline, United States market, 1980s-present
Type 1980s 1990s 2000s
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Subcompact Monza Sprint Geo Metro Geo Metro / Metro Aveo
Chevette
Spectrum Geo Storm
Nova Geo Prizm
Compact Citation Geo Prizm Prizm Cobalt
HHR
Cavalier Cavalier Cavalier
Mid-size Malibu Corsica / Beretta Malibu Malibu Malibu
Impala Impala
Monte Carlo Monte Carlo Monte Carlo
Celebrity Lumina Lumina
Full-size Caprice Caprice
Impala Impala SS
Sports Camaro Camaro Camaro Camaro
Corvette Corvette Corvette Corvette

  Results from FactBites:
 
Chevrolet Citation Parts @ Car Parts Wholesale (454 words)
Included in the famous X-body car line-up of General Motors, Chevrolet Citation was a compact car that run in the market from 1979 up to 1985 model year.
To further enhance the performance Citation X11, it was significantly equipped with new decals and aluminum wheels as well as cowl induction to accommodate cold air intake.
The Citation became largely popular at that time to a point that there were significant delays in delivery to customers.
Citation - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1026 words)
When using citations, one generally uses both a works cited page or section--also called the bibliography, source list or list of references--in conjunction with parenthetical citations (citations which refer the reader to a particular cited work).
As an alternative to parenthetical citations, some styles include citations in footnotes, which appear at the end of each page, or endnotes, which appear at the end of the document.
The Bluebook is the citation system traditionally used in American academic legal writing, and the Bluebook (or similar systems derived from it) are used by many courts.
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