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Encyclopedia > Chester Cathedral

Chester Cathedral is a Church of England cathedral, mother church for the Diocese of Chester, north-west England. The Church of England is the officially established Christian church[1] in England, and acts as the mother and senior branch of the worldwide Anglican Communion, as well as a founding member of the Porvoo Communion. ... A cathedral is a religious building for worship, specifically of a denomination with an episcopal hierarchy, such as the Roman Catholic, Anglican and some Lutheran churches, which serves as a bishops seat, and thus as the central church of a diocese. ... A motherchurch or mother church in Christianity is used in three forms. ... For the larger local government district, see City of Chester. ... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: God Save the King/Queen Capital London (de facto) Largest city London Official language(s) English (de facto) Unification    - by Athelstan AD 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi  Population    - 2006 est. ...

Chester Cathedral
Chester Cathedral

Contents

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1760x1168, 531 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Chester Cathedral Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1760x1168, 531 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Chester Cathedral Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to...

History

The cathedral is built on Anglo-Saxon foundations dating back to 907. A Benedictine abbey was founded on the site in 1092 by Hugh Lupus, Earl of Chester, dedicated to Saint Werburgh whose remains were housed there. The abbey was gradually extended until 1250 when the cathedral achieved most of the form seen today.It remained an abbey until the Dissolution of the Monasteries saw it become a cathedral and can thank the personal admiration of King Henry VIII for being left unmolested. Further building took place during the dissolution and the 19th century saw a programme of restoration and sometimes fanciful elaboration by Thomas Harrison from 1818-20, Richard Charles Hussey in 1843-4, George Gilbert Scott from 1868-76 and Arthur Blomfield from 1882-87.[1] Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Events Oleg leads Kievan Rus in a campaign against Constantinople Yelü Abaoji establishes Liao (Khitan) dynasty Births Deaths Categories: 907 ... Hugh dAvranches, 1st Earl of Chester (died July 27, 1101) was one of the great magnates of early Norman England. ... Werburgh (also known as Werburga) (d. ... The Dissolution of the Monasteries, referred to by Roman Catholic writers as the Suppression of the Monasteries, was the formal process during the English Reformation by which King Henry VIII confiscated the property of the monastic institutions in England between 1538 and 1541. ... Silver groat of Henry VIII, minted c. ... Thomas Harrison (1740-1829) was an English provincial architect and civil engineer of the late 18th and early 19th centuries. ... Richard Charles Hussey (1806 — 1887), always referred to as R.C. Hussey, was a British architect, who was in partnership from 1835 with Thomas Rickman, whose practice he assumed in 1838, with Rickmans failing health. ... The chapel of St Johns College, Cambridge is characteristic of Scotts many church designs Sir George Gilbert Scott (July 13, 1811 – March 27, 1878) was an English architect of the Victorian Age, chiefly associated with the design, building and renovation of churches, cathedrals and workhouses. ... Sir Arthur William Blomfield (6 March 1829 _30 October 1899), English architect, son of Bishop C. J. Blomfield, was educated at Rugby and Trinity College, Cambridge. ...


Chester cathedral is not large in comparison to other abbeys or cathedrals in England, being 355ft long.[2]

Chester Cathedral
Chester Cathedral

The current dean of the cathedral is the Very Revd. Professor G. F. McPhate, who is supported by a chapter made up of clerical and lay positions. Image File history File linksMetadata Chester-cathedral. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Chester-cathedral. ... This article incorporates text from the Catholic Encyclopedia, which is in the public domain. ...


The Kings School

From 1541 to 1960 the King School Chester was situated with the cathedral. It then moved to Wrexham Road where it is now.


The Cathedral Bells & Bell Tower

The cathedral has a modern stand-alone bell tower designed by George Pace known as the Dean Addleshaw Tower, which was built in the cathedral grounds in 1974.[3] It was the first free-standing bell tower to be built for an english cathedral since the 16th century.[4][5] A tower containing one or more bells, typically part of a church, is a bell tower; attached to a city hall or other civil building, it is usually named belfry; the occasional free standing one may be referred to by its Italian name, campanile. ...


The central tower of the cathedral had been home to the bells for over 125 years until during the 1960's the bell frame became unstable and began to create structural problems for the cathedral itself. At that time, the cathedral's central tower was home to a 27 cwt. ring of 10 bells, in a wooden frame, which was also home to a sanctus bell. The frame and sanctus bell are still in situ today. The frame itself sits level with the very bottom of the large double louvers which are present on each side of the Cathedral tower. This would have made the bells very loud throughout the city. It has been suggested that altar bell be merged into this article or section. ...


The bells were rung from a ringing room unusually close to the bells. Normally the distance between bells and ringing room is anything between 12 feet and 100 feet, however the ringing room in the central tower was directly below the bells. This meant they were very loud for the ringers. The ringing room had a row of rectangular windows just below the ceiling. These windows are still visible from outside. Prior to this arrangement, there had been a ringing room lower down the tower.


9 of the old ring of 10 bells were melted down and recast as a new ring by Taylors Bellfounders of Loughborough and were installed in the new tower.[3] The new ring comprises a ring of 12 bells in the key of D, with a secondary flat 6th bell which allows the band to ring a lighter ring of 8, known as the middle 8. The tenor bell is a maiden bell, meaning it is completely untuned, and weighs 24 hundredweight and 3 quarters. In music theory, the key identifies the tonic triad, the chord, major or minor, which represents the final point of rest for a piece, or the focal point of a section. ...


Due to the tapered shape of the tower, the very elevated location and steep angle of the louvers, the fact that the bell frame is placed directly on to the concrete support girders, and the two concrete floors between the bells and bell ringers, the acoustics of the bells are very poor, both outside for the general public and inside for the ringers.[citation needed] Outside the bells are deafening in the close vicinity of the tower, yet barely audible at the grand west doors of the Cathedral.[citation needed] Inside, the bells are very indistinct due to the concrete floors and the lack of padding between the frame and concrete girders.


Music

Choirs

Chester Cathedral is home to two choirs; The Chester Cathedral Choir made up of six professional singers, three choral scholars and separate boys and girls choirs which sing in rotation, and The Nave Choir, the oldest Cathedral voluntary choir in the country. Chester Cathedral Choir is made up of six lay clerks, up to three choral scholars and around 32 choristers (girls and boys). ... The Nave Choir of Chester Cathedral is the oldest established Cathedral voluntary choir in the United Kingdom. ...


Organ

Details of the organ from the National Pipe Organ Register


Organists

  • 1541 John Brycheley
  • 1551 Thomas Barnes
  • 1558 Richard Saywell
  • 1567 Robert White
  • 1570 Robert Stevenson
  • 1599 Thomas Bateson
  • 1609 John Alien
  • 1613 Michael Done
  • 1614 Thomas Jones
  • 1637 Richard Newbold
  • 1642 Randolph Jewitt
  • 1661 Rev. Peter Stringer
  • 1673 John Stringer
  • 1686 William Key
  • 1699 John Mounterratt
  • 1705 Edmund White
  • 1715 Samuel Davies
  • 1726 Benjamin Worrall
  • 1727 Edmund Baker
  • 1765 Edward Orme
  • 1776 John Bailey
  • 1803 Edward Bailey
  • 1823 George Black
  • 1824 Thomas Haylett
  • 1841 Frederick Gunton
  • 1877 Joseph Cox Bridge
  • 1925 J. T. Hughes
  • 1930 Charles Hylton Stewart
  • 1932 Malcolm Boyle
  • 1949 James Middleton
  • 1964 John Sanders
  • 1967 Roger Fisher
  • 1997 David Poulter

Notes

Evesham Abbey was founded at Evesham in England following a vision of the Virgin Mary by Eof. ...

Further reading

  • Gordon Emery, Curious Chester (1999) ISBN 1-872265-94-4
  • Gordon Emery, Chester Inside Out (1998) ISBN 1-872265-92-8
  • Gordon Emery, The Chester Guide(2003) ISBN 1-872265-89-8
  • Roy Wilding Death in Chester (2003) ISBN 1-872265-44-8

See also

There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Wikimedia Commons logo by Reid Beels The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ...

References

  • Pevsner, Nikolaus &, Hubbard, Edward (1971). The Buildings of England - Cheshire. Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-09588-0. 
List of Anglican Cathedrals in the United Kingdom and Ireland
Anglican Communion


Coordinates: 53°11′30″N, 2°53′26.35″W The Anglican Communion uses the compass rose as its symbol, signifying its worldwide reach and decentralized nature. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


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The 'Chester pilgrim' carved in the choir stalls.
Chester - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1989 words)
Chester is the county town of Cheshire in the northwestern England, close to the border with Wales.
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Chester has a railway station to the North East of the city centre, designed by Francis Thompson with an impressive Italianate frontage dating from 1848, though the interior is somewhat dilapidated, having lost a roof in the Chester General rail crash.
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