FACTOID # 13: New York has America's lowest percentage of residents who are veterans.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Chess variant

A chess variant is a game derived from, related to or similar to chess in at least one respect.[1] The difference from chess can include one or more of the following: Tug of war is an easily organized, impromptu game that requires little equipment. ... Chess is a recreational and competitive game for two players. ... Chess is a recreational and competitive game for two players. ...

  • Different board (larger or smaller, non-square board shape overall or different spaces used within the board such as triangles or hexagons instead of squares).
  • Fairy pieces different from those used within chess.
  • Different rules for capture, move order, game goal, etc.

The national chess variants like xiangqi and shogi are traditionally also called chess variants in the Western world. They have some similarities to chess and share a common ancestor game. A fairy chess piece or unorthodox chess piece is a chess piece not used in conventional chess, but used in certain chess variants and some chess problems. ... Chess is a recreational and competitive game for two players. ... Xiangqi (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: hsiang4-chi2;  ), is a two-player strategic Chinese board game in the same family as Western chess, chaturanga, shogi and janggi. ... Shogi ), or Japanese chess, is the most popular of a family of chess variants native to Japan. ... Chess is a recreational and competitive game for two players. ...


The number of possible chess variants is unlimited. D.B. Pritchard, the author of Encyclopedia of Chess Variants, estimates that there are over 2000 chess variants,[2] confining the number to published ones. The creation in 1998 of Zillions of Games, a Windows compatible software program which enables non-programmers to design and playtest most types of chess variants using an AI opponent, has helped chess variant growth. David Brine Pritchard (1919 - 2005) was a chess writer and indoor game consultant. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean [1]. // Coated in ice, power and telephone lines sag and often break, resulting in power outages. ... Zillions of Games. ... A playtest is the process by which a game designer tests a new game for bugs and improvements before bringing it to market. ...

Glinski's hexagonal chess. One of many chess variants.
Glinski's hexagonal chess. One of many chess variants.

In the context of chess problems, chess variants are called fantasy chess, heterodox chess or fairy chess. Some chess variants are used only in chess composition and not for playing. Image File history File links Glinski_Chess_Setup. ... Image File history File links Glinski_Chess_Setup. ... Glińskis hexagonal chess. ... Godfrey Heathcote Hampstead and Highgate Express, 1905-06 (First Prize) White to move and mate in two. ...

Contents

Chess-derived games

These chess variants are derived from chess by changing the board, pieces or rules. Chess is a recreational and competitive game for two players. ...


Chess with different starting positions

In these variants, the starting position is different, but otherwise the board, pieces and rules are the same. The most important motivation for these chess variants is to nullify established opening knowledge.

  • Chess960 (or Fischer random chess): the placement of the pieces on the 1st and 8th rank is randomized.
  • Displacement chess: some pieces in the initial position are exchanged.
  • Patt-schach. Both sides are set up in a stalemated position (shown below).[3] Since both sides have no legal moves, the game is started with an illegal move. This first move can't be a capture or check. The game can start, for example, 1. Nab5 Nhb4?? 2. Nc3 checkmate. Pawns can only promote to the pieces already captured by the opponent. If there are no such pieces, pawns can't move to the last rank.
  • Pawns game. In starting position the white doesn't have a queen, but has additionally 8 pawns. The game was played by such old masters as Labourdonnais, Deschappelles and Kieseritsky.[4]
  • Transcendental chess (or Double Fischer random chess): similar to chess960, but the opening white and black positions do not mirror each other.
  • Upside-down chess. The starting position looks very much like standard one, but the pawns are actually one step before promotion[5]. All other rules are as in standard chess.

One of 960 possible starting positions. ... Displacement chess. ... Louis-Charles Mahé de La Bourdonnais (1795 - 1840) was a French chess master, the strongest player in the early 19th century. ... Alexandre Deschapelles (1780–1847) was a French chess player who, for a time, was possibly the strongest player in the world. ... Lionel Adalbert Bagration Felix Kieseritzky (born January 1, 1806 in Dorpat (Tartu), Estonia - died May 18, 1853, in Paris, France) was a 19th century chess master, famous primarily for a game he lost against Adolf Anderssen, which was so brilliant it was named The Immortal Game . A mathematics teacher like... Transcendental chess is a variant of chess invented in 1981 by Maxwell Lawrence. ... One of 960 possible starting positions. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ...

Chess with different boards

E Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ...

D Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ...

C Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ...

B Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

A Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ...

Raumschach, Starting position.

In these chess variants the same pieces and rules as in chess are used, but the board is different. It can be smaller or larger, non-square overall or based upon triangle or hexagon spaces (instead of square spaces). The movement of pieces in some variants is modified to account for the unusual property of the playing board. E D C B A Raumschach starting position The up-side-down knight is used to represent the unicorn. ...

  • Alice chess: played with two boards. A piece moved on one board passes "through the looking glass" onto the other board.
  • Circular chess: played on a circular board consisting of four rings, each of sixteen squares.
  • Cylinder chess: played on a cylinder board with A and H files "connected". Thus a player can use them as if the A file were next to the H file (and vice versa).
  • Doublewide chess: two or four regular chess boards are connected (for a 16x8 or 16x16 play surface) and each player plays with two complete sets of chess pieces. Because each player has two kings, the first king can be captured without ending the game.
  • Hexagonal chess: a family of chess variants played on a hexgrid with three colours and three bishops.
  • Grid chess: the board is overlaid with a grid of lines. For a move to be legal, it must cross at least one of these lines.
  • Los Alamos chess (or Anti-Clerical chess): played on a 6x6 board without bishops. This was the first chess-like game played by a computer program.
  • Minichess: a family of chess variants played with regular chess pieces and standard rules, but on a smaller board.
  • 3-D chess: several variants exist with the most commonly known being "Tri-D chess" from the television series Star Trek as well as an easily playable 3x8x8 variant known as Millennium 3D chess™.
  • Flying Chess: This is played on a board of 8x8x2, giving a total of 128 cells. Only certain pieces can move to and from the additional level.

Alice Chess is a chess variant played using two chess boards rather than one. ... Circular chess is a chess variant played using the standard set of pieces on a circular board consisting of four rings, each of sixteen squares. ... Cylinder chess is a variant of western Chess. ... The term Hexagonal Chess designates a group of chess variants played on hexagonal boards. ... A Hex map, or hexagonal map is often used in tactical board games. ... Devised by Walter Stead in 1953, grid chess is a chess variant played with a grid board. ... Los Alamos chess Los Alamos chess (or anti-clerical chess) is a chess variant played on 6x6 board without bishops. ... Minichess is a family of chess variants played with regular chess pieces and standard rules, but on a smaller board. ... E D C B A Raumschach starting position The up-side-down knight is used to represent the unicorn. ... The current Star Trek franchise logo Star Trek is an American science fiction franchise. ... Flying Chess is a chess variant, based around a three dimensional board. ...

Chess with unusual rules

These chess variants have the same pieces and board as chess but some rules for moving, capturing, etc are changed. The game goal can be also different from that in chess.

  • Andernach chess: a piece making a capture changes colour.
  • Atomic chess: any capture on a square results in an "atomic explosion" which kills (i.e. removes from the game) all pieces in any of the 8 surrounding squares, except for pawns.
  • Benedict chess: pieces are not allowed to be "captured". If a piece when moved could capture an opposing piece in its next move, that opposing piece changes sides.
  • Checkers chess: normal rules of chess are followed. However, pieces can only move forwards until they have reached the far rank.
  • Checkless chess: where players are forbidden from giving check except to checkmate.
  • Circe chess: captured pieces are reborn on their starting squares.
  • Colour chess: A family of alternative chess games that uses the same moves as traditional chess but changed from a competitive to a cooperative game.
  • Crazyhouse: captured pieces change the colour and can be dropped on any unoccupied location. There are two variations of this chess variant, known as Loop chess and chessgi.
  • Extinction chess: you win by making extinct any type of piece of your opponent. In other words, you win if you capture your opponent's king or queen, both rooks, both bishops, both knights or all 8 pawns.
  • Guard chess (or Icelandic chess): allows captures only when a piece is completely unprotected by friendly pieces. Checkmate occurs when the piece forcing the mate is protected and therefore cannot be captured.
  • Handicap chess (or chess with Odds): variation to equal chances of players with different strength.
  • Ghost Chess: variation in which the black Queen (Ghost), faces the white ranks (Paradigm), and each side has a variety of special moves.
  • Knight Relay chess: pieces defended by a friendly knight can move as a knight.
  • Legan chess: played as if the board would be rotated 45°, initial position and pawn movements are adjusted accordingly.
  • Madrasi chess: a piece which is attacked by the same type of piece of the opposite colour is paralysed.
  • Patrol chess: captures and checks are only possible if the capturing or checking piece is guarded by a friendly piece.
  • PlunderChess: the capturing piece is allowed to temporarily take the moving abilities of the piece taken.
  • Replacement chess: captured pieces are not removed from the board but moved by the capturer anywhere else on the board.
  • Rifle chess (Also known as Shooting Chess or Sniper Chess): When one piece captures another, it remains unmoved in its original square, instead of occupying the square of the piece it has captured.
  • Suicide chess (also known as Giveaway chess, Take Me chess, Loser's chess, Antichess, Must Kill): capturing moves are mandatory and the object is to lose all pieces.
  • Three Checks chess: you win if you check your opponent three times.

Andernach chess is a chess variant in which a piece making a capture (except kings) changes colour. ... Atomic chess is a chess variant, which differs from standard chess only by the capture rule. ... Checkers chess is a variant of the classical game chess in which pieces cannot move backwards until they have reached then far side of the board. ... Checkless Chess is a chess variant where neither player is allowed to give a check, with the exception of checkmate. ... In games such as chess, shogi, and xiangqi, a check is an immediate threat to capture the king (or general in xiangqi). ... Checkmate (frequently shortened to mate) is a situation in chess (and in other boardgames of the chaturanga family) in which one players king is under attack and there is no way to meet that threat; it is a check from which there is no escape. ... Circe chess (or just circe) is a chess variant in which captured pieces are reborn on their starting positions as soon as they are captured, based on the following rules: Pawns return to the start position on the same file they are captured on. ... Colour chess is a family of alternative chess games that uses the same moves as traditional chess but changed from a competitive to a cooperative game. ... Crazyhouse is a chess variant similar to bughouse chess, but with only two players. ... Extinction chess is a variant of western Chess where the objective of the game has changed. ... Handicap in chess is a way to equal chances for players of different strengths. ... The position of the pieces at the start of a game of Ghost Chess. ... Knight relay chess is chess variant invented by Mannis Charosh in 1972. ... Legan chess. ... Madrasi chess is a chess variant invented in 1979 by A. J. Karawatkar which uses the conventional rules of chess with the addition that when a piece is attacked by a piece of the same type but opposite colour (for example, a black queen attacking a white queen) it is... Patrol chess is a chess variant in which captures can be made and checks given only if the capturing or checking piece is guarded (or patrolled) by a friendly unit. ... PlunderChess (trademark by White Horse Games, LLC) is a chess variant in which the capturing piece is allowed to temporarily take the moving abilities of the piece taken. ... Antichess, also called losing chess, losers chess, zero chess, giveaway chess, or suicide chess, is a chess variant in which the objective of the participants is to get all of their pieces captured. ... Three Checks Chess is a variation of chess, in which additionally to usual winning condition (checkmate), you also win if you check your opponent three times. ...

Chess with incomplete information and/or elements of chance

In these chess variants, luck or randomness sometimes plays a role. Still, like in poker or backgammon, good luck and bad luck even out over the long-term with clever strategy and consideration of probabilities being decisively important. A game of Texas holdem, the most popular form of poker, in progress. ... Backgammon is a board game for two players in which pieces are moved according to the roll of dice and the winner is the first to remove all his pieces from the board. ...

  • Dark chess: you see only squares of the board that are attacked by your pieces.
  • Dice chess: the pieces a player is able to move are determined by rolling a pair of dice.
  • Knightmare Chess: played with cards that change the game rules.
  • Kriegspiel: each player does not know where the opponent's pieces are but can deduce them with information from a referee.
  • Penultima: an inductive chess variant where the players must deduce hidden rules invented by "Spectators".

Dark Chess is a chess variant with incomplete information, similar to Kriegspiel. ... Dice chess is a chess variant in which the moves available to each player are determined by rolling a pair of dice. ... Two standard six-sided pipped dice with rounded corners. ... Knightmare Chess 2 cover art. ... Playing Kriegspiel on ICC internet server. ... Penultima is a game of inductive logic, played on a chess board, in which several Spectators create secret rules which govern how the pieces move and two Players attempt to discover these rules. ...

Multimove variants

In these variants one or both players can move more than once per turn. The board and the pieces in these variants are the same as in standard chess. Chess is a recreational and competitive game for two players. ...

  • Avalanche chess: each move consists of a standard chess move followed by a move of one of the opponent's pawns.
  • Kung-Fu chess: a chess variant without turns. Any player can move any of his pieces at any given moment.
  • Marseillais chess: after the first turn of the game by white being a single move, each player moves twice per turn.
  • Monster chess (Also known as Super King): white has the king and four pawns against the entire black army but may make two successive moves per turn.
  • Multiple Move chess: players make multiple moves each turn according to a few special rules to keep the game fair.
  • Progressive chess: (also known as Scottish chess) the white player moves once, the black player moves twice, the white player moves three times, etc.

Avalanche chess is a chess variant designed by Ralph Betza in 1977. ... Kung-fu chess is a chess variant without turns. ... Marseillais Chess is a chess variant in which each player moves twice per turn. ... Monster Chess. ... Multiple Move Chess is a chess variant wherein multiple moves are allowed during each players turn. ... Progressive chess is a chess variant in which players, rather than just making one move per turn, play progressively longer series of moves. ...

Multiplayer variants

These variants arose out of the desire to play chess with more than just one other person.

  • Bughouse chess: (also known as Double chess, Exchange chess, Madhouse chess, Siamese chess, Swap chess, Tandem chess) two teams of two players face each other on two boards. Allies use opposite colours and give captured pieces to their partner. The 2-player version of the game, played with only one board is Crazyhouse.
  • Djambi: can be played by four people with a 9x9 board and four sets of special pieces. The pieces can capture or move the pieces of an adversary. Captured pieces are not removed from the board, but turned upside down. There are variants for three players or five players (pentachiavel).
  • Three Player chess: uses a special three sided chess board, the winner is whoever is first to checkmate one of the other two players. If more than one player's pieces contribute to a checkmate, the winner is whoever makes the final move that causes a checkmate.
  • Forchess: a four-person version using the standard board and two sets of standard pieces.
  • Enochian chess: a four-player variant with magical symbolism, associated with the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn.
  • 4-Handed chess: (also known as chess 4 and 4-Way chess) can be played by four people and uses a special board and four sets of differently coloured pieces.

Bughouse Chess (also called sometimes Exchange Chess, Tag Team Chess, Double Chess, Siamese Chess, Double Bug, Tandem Chess, Transfer Chess, or simply Bughouse) is a chess variant played with two teams of two people with two chess boards playing in collaboration against each other. ... Crazyhouse is a chess variant similar to bughouse chess, but with only two players. ... Djambi (also described as Machiavellis chessboard) is a board game and a chess variant for four players, invented by Jean Anesto in 1975. ... Forchess is a four-person variant of chess developed by the American T. K. Rogers. ... Enochian chess originates from the Enochian system of magic of Dr. John Dee (magus and astrologer to Queen Elizabeth I), which was later adapted by Victorian members of the Golden Dawn into a complete system of training and initiation. ... Look up Magic in Wiktionary, the free dictionary The term magic is a Persian loanword into English and may refer to: Magic (paranormal) deals with the manipulation of what the practitioner believes to be genuine paranormal phenomena. ... Samuel Liddell MacGregor Mathers, in Egyptian costume, performs a ritual of Isis (not a Rite of the Golden Dawn). ... Four-handed chess (also known as Chess 4 and 4-way chess) is a chess variant, which can be played by three or four people. ...

Chess with unusual pieces

Most of the pieces in these chess variants are borrowed from chess. The game goal and rules are also very similar to those in chess. However, these chess variants include one or more fairy pieces which move differently than chess pieces. Chess is a recreational and competitive game for two players. ... Chess is a recreational and competitive game for two players. ... A fairy chess piece or unorthodox chess piece is a chess piece not used in conventional chess, but used in certain chess variants and some chess problems. ...

  • Baroque: (also known as Ultima) pieces on the 1st row move like queens, and pieces on the 2nd row move like rooks. They are named after their unusual capturing methods. For example, Leaper, Immobilizer, and Coordinator.
  • Capablanca chess: a few game variations played on a 10×8 or 10×10 board with two new pieces: the chancellor (rook + knight) and the archbishop (bishop + knight).
  • Capablanca Random chess: a generalization of all possible variants of Capablanca chess with random starting positions following a method similar to that used in Fischer Random chess.
  • Chess with different armies: two sides use different sets of fairy pieces. There are several armies of approximately equal strength to choose from including the standard FIDE chess army.
  • Dragon chess: uses three 8×12 boards atop one another, with new types of chess piece.
  • Gess: chess with variable pieces, played on a go-board.
  • Gothic chess: is a commercial chess variant (derived from Capablanca chess) played on a 10×8 board with two unique pieces: the chancellor and the archbishop. Edward Trice received US patent 6481716 for this variant in November 2002.
  • Grand chess: is a popular chess variant (related to Capablanca chess) played upon a 10×10 board with two new pieces: the marshall and the cardinal. It was invented by Christian Freeling in 1984.
  • Grasshopper chess: is a chess variant in which the pawns can promote to grasshopper, or in which grasshoppers are on the board in the opening position.
  • Hex chess (Square-Spaced): after the first turn of the game by white being a single move, each player moves twice per turn. It features a large variety of sliders, some unique, with royal queens.
  • Janus chess: played on 10×8 board with a fairy chess piece (Bishop + Knight) named a Janus.
  • Maharajah and the Sepoys: black has a complete army, white only one piece - Maharajah (Queen + Knight).
  • Omega chess: played on a 10×10 board with four extra squares, one per corner. Also, two fairy chess pieces are used, the Champion and the Wizard. Both can jump other pieces like the Knight.
  • Optimized Chess: is a chess variant (derived from Capablanca chess) played on a 10×8 board with two unique pieces: the chancellor and the archbishop.
  • Pocket mutation chess: player can put a piece temporary into the pocket, optionally mutating it into another piece.
  • Stealth chess: played in the fictional Ankh-Morpork Assassins' Guild from the Discworld series of books; played on an 8×10 board. The fairy piece is the Assassin.

Baroque chess is a chess variant invented in 1962 by Robert Abbott. ... Capablanca chess. ... Capablanca random chess. ... Capablanca chess. ... One of 960 possible starting positions. ... Chess with different armies (or Betza chess[1]) is a chess variant in which two sides use different sets of fairy pieces. ... Dragon chess is a three-dimensional fantasy chess variant created by Gary Gygax. ... Gess is a strategic board game for two players, involving a grid board and mutating pieces. ... Go is a strategic, two-player board game originating in ancient China between 2000 BC and 200 BC. Go is a popular game in East Asia. ... Gothic Chess, starting position Gothic Chess is a commercial chess variant, invented by Ed Trice and patented in 2002. ... Capablanca chess. ... Grand Chess. ... Capablanca chess. ... Grasshopper chess. ... Janus Chess is a chess variant, played on 10x8 board. ... Maharajah and the Sepoys, originally called Shatranj Diwana Shah, is a popular chess variant with different armies for white and black. ... Omega Chess is a commercial chess variant designed by Daniel MacDonald in Toronto. ... Opti Chess (mirror I), starting position The full, formal name of the game is Optimized Chess 8H X 10W. The brief, slang name of the game is Opti Chess. ... Capablanca chess. ... Pocket mutation chess is a chess variant invented by Mike Nelson in 2003. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards and to make a clear distinction between fact and fiction, this article may require cleanup. ... The Ankh-Morpork Assassins Guild is a fictional school for professional killers in Terry Pratchetts longrunning Discworld series of fantasy novels. ... // This article is about the novels. ... Jack Ruby murdered the assassin, Lee Harvey Oswald, in a very public manner. ...

Games inspired by chess

These chess variants are very different from chess and may be classified as abstract board games instead of chess variants (by restrictive, proper definition). Chess is a recreational and competitive game for two players. ...

Arimaa is a two-player abstract strategy board game that can be played using the same equipment as chess. ... Garry Kimovich Kasparov (Russian: ; IPA: ) (born April 13, 1963, in Baku, Azerbaijan) is a chess grandmaster and former World Chess Champion. ... 1990s Pressure-sensory Chess Computer with LCD screen The idea of creating a chess-playing machine dates back to the eighteenth century. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Martian Chess is an abstract strategy game for two to six players invented by Andrew Looney. ... Icehouse pieces are pyramid-shaped gaming pieces invented by Andrew Looney and John Cooper in 1986, originally for use in the game of Icehouse. ...

Chess-related national games

Some of these games have developed independently while others are ancestors or relatives of modern chess.[6] Nonetheless, they are potentially definable as chess variants (with some possible difficulties). The popularity of these chess variants may be limited to their respective places of origin (as is largely the case for shogi), or worldwide, as is the case for xiangqi which is played by overseas Chinese everywhere. These games have their own institutions and traditions. Chess is a recreational and competitive game for two players. ... Languages various Religions Predominantly Taoism, Mahayana Buddhism, traditional Chinese religions, and atheism. ...

Chaturanga. ... A Persian youth playing chess with two suitors. ... Chaturaji, starting position. ... Shatranj. ... The Persians of Iran (officially named Persia by West until 1935 while still referred to as Persia by some) are an Iranian people who speak Persian (locally named Fârsi by native speakers) and often refer to themselves as ethnic Iranians as well. ... Chaturanga. ... Tamerlane Chess is a strategic board game related to chess and derived from shatranj. ... Shatranj. ... Xiangqi (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: hsiang4-chi2;  ), is a two-player strategic Chinese board game in the same family as Western chess, chaturanga, shogi and janggi. ... Jungle. ... Banqi (Chinese: 半棋; Pinyin: bànqí), or Half Chess, is a two-player Chinese board game played on a 4x8 grid, or half of the Chinese Chess board. ... Shogi ), or Japanese chess, is the most popular of a family of chess variants native to Japan. ... Many variants of shogi have been developed over the years, ranging from some of the largest chess-like games ever played, to some of the smallest. ... Janggi is one of a family of strategic board games of which chess and xiangqi are also members, which originated from the 6th century Indian game of chaturanga or a close relative thereof. ... Korea (Korean: 한국 or ì¡°ì„ , see below) is a geographic area, civilization, and former state situated on the Korean Peninsula in East Asia. ... Makruk, starting position. ... Sittuyin, initial position. ...

Chess variants software

Some program authors have created stand-alone applications that are capable of playing one or more variants.

Zillions of Games. ... ChessV is a universal chess program. ... Grand Chess. ... Shatranj. ... Three Checks Chess is a variation of chess, in which additionally to usual winning condition (checkmate), you also win if you check your opponent three times. ... Baroque chess is a chess variant invented in 1962 by Robert Abbott. ... The name SMIRF is an acronym in German for Strategic Game Program With Intelligent Recursing Facilities. It designates an appropriate innovative variant of an adaptive recursive feedback implementation. ... One of 960 possible starting positions. ... Capablanca random chess. ... Gothic Chess, starting position Gothic Chess is a commercial chess variant, invented by Ed Trice and patented in 2002. ... Crazyhouse is a chess variant similar to bughouse chess, but with only two players. ... Bughouse Chess (also called sometimes Exchange Chess, Tag Team Chess, Double Chess, Siamese Chess, Double Bug, Tandem Chess, Transfer Chess, or simply Bughouse) is a chess variant played with two teams of two people with two chess boards playing in collaboration against each other. ... Crazyhouse is a chess variant similar to bughouse chess, but with only two players. ... Bughouse Chess (also called sometimes Exchange Chess, Tag Team Chess, Double Chess, Siamese Chess, Double Bug, Tandem Chess, Transfer Chess, or simply Bughouse) is a chess variant played with two teams of two people with two chess boards playing in collaboration against each other. ...

See also

A fairy chess piece or unorthodox chess piece is a chess piece not used in conventional chess, but used in certain chess variants and some chess problems. ...

References

  1. ^ Pritchard, D. (1994). The Encyclopedia of Chess Variants. Games & Puzzles Publications. ISBN 0-9524-1420-1. 
  2. ^ Pritchard, D. (2000). Popular Chess Variants. Bastford Chess Books. ISBN 0-7134-8578-7. 
  3. ^ Patt-schach by Hans Bodlaender.
  4. ^ Unbalanced games by John Beasley, Variant Chess, Volume 5, Issue 37, ISSN 0958-8248.
  5. ^ Upside-down chess by Hans Bodlaender
  6. ^ Murray, H.J.R. (1913). A History of Chess. Benjamin Press (originally published by Oxford University Press). ISBN 0-936-317-01-9. 

David Brine Pritchard (1919 - 2005) was a chess writer and indoor game consultant. ... David Brine Pritchard (1919 - 2005) was a chess writer and indoor game consultant. ... Harold James Ruthven Murray (June 24, 1868 - May 16, 1955) born in Peckham Rye, London, son of James Murray (editor of the Oxford English Dictionary), the eldest of eleven children, was most prominent as a chess historian. ... A History of Chess is a history book by Harold James Ruthven Murray published in 1913. ...

External links

General

Collections

In addition to individual chess variants with popularity, large collections (generally acknowledged to be of respectable quality) have been created by several inventors:

Internet servers to play chess variants


  Results from FactBites:
 
Chess Variant Applets (0 words)
Classic variant in which pieces are returned to their squares of origin if possible.
Thirty-eight square variant with the option to change the identity of the unit that was just moved.
West Indian variant in which a guarded unit may be captured only if it gives discovered check.
Chess variant - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2293 words)
Grid chess: the board is overlaid with a grid of lines; for a move to be legal, it must cross at least one of these lines.
Stanley random chess: approximately 50% of moves are "adjusted" in a seemingly random fashion by a computer, although it is claimed to be according to a complex set of rules.
The popularity of these chess variants may be limited to their respective places of origin (as is largely the case for shogi), or worldwide, as is the case for xiangqi which is played by overseas Chinese everywhere.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m